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高考常见动词短语归纳小结


高考常见动词短语归纳小结
look 的常用短语: look up … in 查找 look sb. up and down 上下打量 look back to/ upon 回顾 look upon…as 把… 看作 look forward to 期待 look through 浏览; 看穿 take a new look 呈现新面貌 fear 的常用短语: in fe

ar 害怕地 (be) in fear of 害怕 for fear of/ that 担心;生怕 concentrate 的常用短语: concentrate on 专心… concentrate one’s mind on 专心于… 类似的短语: fix one’s mind upon focus on put one’s heart into focus one’s mind on surprise 常用短语: in surprise 惊讶地 to one’s surprise 使某人惊讶的是 be surprise at/to do/that 对某事感到惊讶 表示“穿衣”的动作或状态的词和短语 1.表示动作的有: pull on put on 2. 表示状态的有: wear be in 常见表“喜欢”的短语和单词 dress be dressed in dress sb have … on

like care for be keen on be fond of take delight in… trouble 的常用短语: have much trouble / no trouble (in) doing 在…有/没有困难 take great trouble to do 不辞辛劳做某事 put sb to the trouble of doing …为难某人做某事 make trouble 捣乱 be in (great) trouble 惹麻烦;处在困境中 help sb. out of trouble 帮某人摆脱困境 end 的常用短语: come to an end……结束 put an end to 结束…… on end 竖起, 连续 in the end 终于; 最后 end up (by) doing…以……结束 make both ends meet 收支相抵 表示“导致”、“由…引起”的短语: 1. 导致 cause sth. (to do) 2. 由……引起 be caused by result in result from grow out of lead to lie in

表“全力以赴”的短语:

do / try one’s best spare no efforts to do take great pains to do go all out to do do what somebody can (do) to do do all somebody can (do) to do direction 常用短语: in (the ) direction of….朝……方向 under the direction of ...在……的指导下 follow the directions 照说明去做 far 常用短语: far from (being)离……要求相差很远 far from +(a place)距离某地很远 far away 遥远 so far 到目前为止; 那么远 as far as sb. knows/sees 据某人所知 by far (最高级前,比较级后)起强调作用 distance 常用短语: in the distance 在远处 from/ at a distance 从远处 keep sb. at a distance 于某人保持一定距离 It is no distance at all.不远 use 常用短语: used to do 过去曾经、常做 be used to doing …习惯于…… be used to do 被用来做…… make good/ full use of 充分利用…… come into use 开始使用…… it is no use doing …干……没有用 “出了什么事”的几种不同表达 What’s wrong with….? What’s the matter with…? What’s the trouble with…? What happened (to sb.) ? “众所周知”常用表达法: It is known to all that…主语从句,that 不能省 As is known to all,定语从句,置于句首 We all know (that)后接宾语从句 Everyone knows (that)后接宾语从句 , which is known to all.非限定从句,置于句末 表“同意某人意见”的常用短语: agree with sb. /what sb. said approve (of) sth. be agreeable to sth. disagree with sb./ what sb. said disapprove (of) sth. sign 的常用短语: sign one’s name 签名 signs of ………的迹象 would rather 与 prefer 的区别 1.宁愿做……而不做…… agree to sth. in favour of sth. be for sth. “不同意” object to sth. be against sth. sign to sb (not) to do sth. 示意某人(不)做某事

would rather do A than do B prefer to do A rather than do B 2. would rather 主语 + 过去式,表示“宁愿”

prefer A to B

eg. I would rather you came tomorrow than today. should prefer sb. to do sth./ should prefer 主语 + 过去式,表示“比较喜欢……” eg. I should prefer you not to go there alone. OR: I should prefer that you did not go there alone. trap 常用短语

be caught in a trap 落入圈套 set a trap to do sth.设圈套…… grow 常用短语 in the grow of 在….成长中 grow rich on*….. 变富 grow out of 由…..引起/滋生出 make 常用短语 be made up of =consist of 由……组成 be made from/ of 由……造成 be made into 制成…… make a living 谋生 supply, provide, offer 的区别: 1.表示“向某人提供某物” supply / provide sb. with sth. supply sth. to sb. 2. 表示“主动提出做某事” offer to do sth. 3. 表示“倘使”、“假如”

be led into a trap 中圈套 be trapped in sth.被…..所围困 grow up 长大; 成长 grow into 长成……

make up for 弥补 make up 编造;组成;化妆 make fun of 取笑; 嘲弄

supply / provide sth. for sb. offer sb. sth.

provided / providing that= on condition that=only if 4. 表示“满足需要”supply / meet a need. supply 的常用短语 in short supply 缺乏,不足 medical/military supply 医疗/军用品 supplies of…许多 lack 的常用短语 be lacking in sth. 在……不足 make up for the lack of 弥补……的不足 for/by/from/through lack of…由于…不足,缺乏 have no lack of 不缺 damage 的常用短语 do damage/harm to 对……有害 cause damage to 对……造成损害 ask for damage 要求赔偿 die of 与 die from 的区别 die of 表示“死于……病”或冻死、气死,或死于过度悲伤。 die of cancer/grief/hunger/anger/cold die from 表示死于外伤、事故、劳累过度。如: die from polluted air/overwork/sword thrust die 常用短语 die for one’s country 为国捐躯 die off 绝种、枯死 die a heroic death 英勇牺牲 threaten 常用短语 threaten sb. with sth.用……威胁某人 under the threat of…在……的威胁下 speed 常用短语 speed up 加速

die down 熄灭、平息 die away 消逝、静下来

threaten to do…威胁做……

at the speed of…以…..的速度

with great speed 迅速 aim 常用短语 take aim at 瞄准 reach an aim 达到目的 aim at 瞄准、针对 permit 与 allow 的区别 表“允许做某事”或“允许某人做某事”用法基本相同。 permit/allow doing sth. permit/allow sb. to do sth. permit /allow of sth 一般在独立主格结构中表示“时间、条件等许可”,多用 permit Time/Weather permitting, I’ll drop in on her. allow 还可以表示“承认”、“考虑到”。例如: 1. We allow him to be wronged. 2. will take an hour to go there, allowing for traffic delays. means 常用短语 by means of 通过….., …… by this means/ in this way 用这种方法 by no means/in no case 决不 by all means 用一切办法 keep 常用短语 keep up with 紧跟….. keep sb. doing sth.让某人一直做 keep sb. from doing sth.阻止…..做…… keep off the grass 勿踏草地 keep to the point 紧扣主题 keep in touch with 与……保持联系 mark 常用短语 make one’s mark 成功、出名 be marked with 标明 gain/get full marks for ……得满分 seat 常用短语 take one’s seat 坐下 have a seat 请坐 see/find sb. seated 看见/发现某人坐在…. be seated 就座, 坐着 seat oneself in/at/on 使自己坐在…… 部分 动词+ to + doing 的用法 look forward to object to pay attention to give 常用短语 give up 放弃 give off 散发出 give rise to 引起…… fit 常用短语 be fit for 适合 be fit to do 适合于….. a nice fit 合身的衣服 reach 常用短语 reach an agreement 达成协议 within / out of reach 够得到/够不着 feed 常用短语 get down to devote… to… prefer…to… give in 让步\屈服 give away 赠送、泄漏 give out 疲劳、用完、散发出 keep fit/keep healthy 保持健康 fit in with 适应…… …fit sb.某人穿….. 合身 reach for…伸手去拿/够…… reach sb’s understanding 使某人明白

feed sth. to sb/feed sb. on sth. 用……喂养…… be fed up of…/ be tired of…/ be bored with… 对……感到厌倦 feed on 以……为食 mercy 常用短语 without mercy 残忍地 have mercy on /upon 对……表示怜悯 at the mercy of 任凭摆布 beg for mercy 乞求饶恕 exist 常用短语 exist in/lie in/consist in 存在于…… in existence 现存的 come into existence/ come into being 形成 opinion 常用短语 in one’s opinion =in the opinion of sb.在某人看来 have a high/ low opinion of 对……评价高/低 give one’s opinion on 对……谈自己的看法 persuade 常用短语 persuade sb. to do = persuade sb. into doing 说服某人做某事 try to persuade sb. to do 试图说服某人做某事 persuade sb. to sth. 说服某人同意某事 engage 常用短语 be engaged to sb. 与某人订婚 be engaged in sth. = be engaged doing sth. 忙于……, 从事某事 wide 与 broad 的区别 它们均可以表“宽”和“广阔的” a river 50 feet wide/ broad 指身体部位“宽肩、宽背”一般用 broad, 表示 “睁大眼睛、张大嘴巴”一般用 wide。 broad shoulders/ back with wide eyes open one’s mouth wide wide 还可以作副词,表示“完全、大大地” be wide awake be wide open sure 常用短语 be sure of/about 对……由把握 be sure to do sth. 肯定会…… make sure + that-clause 务必……,一定要……make sure of… 弄清楚…… experience 常用短语 have experience in… 在……有经验 be experienced in… 在……有经验 pain 常用短语 take great pains to do 努力做某事 spare no pains to do 全力以赴做某事 stick 常用短语 stick to sth. 坚持…… stick …on… 粘贴…… be stuck in … 陷进…… stick no bills 请勿张贴 spare 常用短语 spare money/time for 省出钱…,腾出时间 in one’s spare time 在某人业余时间 spare no efforts to do 不遗余力去做 don’t spare the opinions 不要保留意见

put down 的不同含义 put down (one’s knife and fork) 放下…… pit down the rebellion 镇压 put down what sb. says 记下,写下 take up 的不同含义 take up a hobby 培养…… take up football 开始…… take up the work 继续…… take up…time/space 消耗,占据…… take up a post 就职 take up a song/ cry 跟着一起…… habit 常用短语 form/get the habit of 养成……习惯 be in/have the habit of 有…….习惯 get into the habit of 沾染了……恶习 get rid of the habit= grow out of the habit= break away from the habit 改掉了……习惯


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