学习目标：1.了解定语从句的概念 2．清楚关系代词与关系副词的区别，并能正确使用。 学习重点：能够在具体语境中熟练运用定语从句。 学习难点：在具体语境中正确使用关系代词和关系副词。 考点分析：语法填空中的准确运用；写作中的灵活运用。
Part 1. 课前预习：定语从句的定义及其关系词的使用
Step 1. 分析下列句型： 1
. I can’t remember everything (that) happened during the time in university. 2. The film is about a spy (whose) wife betrays him. 3. Barbary was working in Beijing, (where) she went daily in a bus. 4. He said that he had never seen her before, (which) was not true. 5. English is a language shared by several diverse cultures, each of (which) uses it somewhat differently. 总结： 在复合句中，用来修饰____________和____________的从句叫做定语从句。被修饰词叫____________, 用 来引导定语从句的关联词叫_____________。定语从句分为____________和_____________。 Step 2.关系词的用法总结： 关系代词 who whom 先行词 在从句中充当什么 （指人或物） 成分 指人 作主语 例句分析 The boy who is standing there is my cousin. The man (whom) you met yesterday is Mr. Smith. The boy (whom) you are looking for is hidden behind the tree. Do you know the boy whose father is an engineer? He lives in a house whose windows face south. I don’t know about the man (that) you mentioned. A plane is a machine that can fly. The pen (which) my uncle gave me is missing. Children like to read books which have wonderful pictures.
whose = ( ) whom = ( ) that
关系副词 when = ( where = ( why = (
例句分析 I will never forget the day when/on which I joined the Party. The factory where/in which my father works is in the east of the city. None of us know the reason why/for which Tom was absent from the meeting.
) ) )
注意：先行词为时间、地点时，引导词不一定都要用 when 或 where 引导，要判断它在定语从句中的句子 成分。如果引导词在定语从句中作主语或宾语，就要用 which 或 that。 请分析下列句子中应该使用的引导词： 1. This is the factory _________we visited last year. 2. This is the factory _________we worked last year. 3. This summer _______I spent in Italy is so hot. 4. Is this the shop ________sells children's clothing? 5. This is one of the largest rooms ________I've ever slept in.
Part2 课堂讲练 Step1 warming-up
She may be the most gorgeous (美丽动人的) First Lady_____ I have ever seen. She is a famous folk singer, ______ fans are everywhere in the country. I still remember the day ______ I first saw her as the First Lady alongside her husband in Africa airport _______ they were warmly welcomed. She dressed very well, with taste and confidence, _____ is one of the reasons ______ I like her. Step2 关系词在语法填空中的应用 2007—2012 年广东高考卷语法填空 1. Cursing my misfortune, I was wondering where I was going to spend the night when I realized that the villagers who had gathered around me were arguing as to __32__ should have the honor of receiving me as a guest in their house. (07 广东卷) 2. The head of the village was tying up his horse to my car to pull it to _35__ small town some 20 kilometers away ___36___ there was a garage. (07 广东卷) 3. Jane paused in front of a counter __35__ some attractive ties were on display.(09 年广东卷) 4. He filled his leather container so that he could bring some back to an elder __32___ had been his teacher.（10 年广东卷） 5. Behind him were other people to___21___ he was trying to talk, but after some minutes they walked away and sat near me, looking annoyed. (11 年广东卷) 6. Of course whenever they turned to look at him, they had to look at Mary, __22__ made her feel like a star. (12 广东卷) Step3 定语从句在写作中的应用 1. Woan is reading a book ____________________ (书得封面是红色的). 2. Jianmin is solving the math problem ____________(这数学题对我们多数人来说都很难)。She likes to learn math in the mornings _____________________________________________(在她精力充沛的早上).
3. Rongzhen is the boy ____________________________________________________________ ( 他 在 100 米 比 赛 中 得 第 二 ). He likes running in Aofeng Park
__________________________________________(在那里能享受新鲜空气)。 4. Kanmei is a reliable girl, ______________________________________________
(每个同学都乐意和她交朋友). _______________________ (这是。。的原因) we chose her as our monitor. 。 5. Qiting， _______________________________________________________ _____________________ (月考中英语排名第一)， always makes good use of all the time to learn. Chinese ranked the second in the month-exam.) 6. Jiongzhan is an easy-going boy,________________________________________ (他和班里每个同学都相处 得好。) 7. Jiawei is a warm-hearted boy,_____________________________________________________ __________________________ (他经常在放学后帮忙打扫教室。) 8. Miaoling is a responsible girl, _________________________________________ (她收发（collect and hand out）作业很及时。) (eg: His
写作模板 My friend, Linda, is a girl of 16, _______________________________________________(她父母是我们学校 的 老 师 ). She is fond of __________ in Aofeng park
____________________________________________________(在那里能吸收新鲜空气). She is an ________________( 易 相 处 的 ) girl, who
______________________________________________________（与同学处得很好）. Besides, she is also an__________ （ 聪 明 的 ） girl, whose
___________________________________________________________________( 英 语 在 月 考 中 班 级 第 一 ). What ’ s more important, she is a _________________( 热 心 的 ) girl ， who
______________________________________________________( 总 放 学 后 帮 着 打 扫 教 室 ). _____________________________________________________(这是我们喜欢她的原因). In a word, She is a girl _____________________________________________(我们应该向她学习). We will never forget the days __________________________________________(我们一起学习的时光). I am proud of owning a friend who are willing to help __________________________________(那些有困难的人).
利用模版完成下面的作文，可适当增加内容。 1. 你朋友的姓名，年龄，性别 2. 爱好： 绘画，打篮球 3. 性格开朗，能够同学友好相处。 有责任心，能按时收发作业。 成绩优异，乐于助人。 4. 需要向他/她学习。 5. 。。 。 Step 5. Appreciate 欣赏并翻译下列高考定语从句： 1. As the data shows, “parents” ranks the second for the girls, but the first for the boys.（2007 基础写作） _______________________________________________________________________________ 2. When I was a primary school student, you always encouraged me to do well in school and each evening I was asked to present at least one new thing I had learnt that day.（2007 任务写作） _______________________________________________________________________________ 3. As for me, what I do every day is to study hard to enter a famous university, which is always the expectation of my parents and teachers.（2008 读写任务） _______________________________________________________________________________ 4. Anyway, unlike you, I have learned how to be independent in a boarding school, which is beneficial to adjust to the college life.（2008 读写任务） _______________________________________________________________________________ 5. It is said that slightly more than 50% students, which ranks the No. 1 in the world, are short-sighted. （2009 基础 写作） _______________________________________________________________________________ 6. This decision, which aims to make all indoor public places smoke-free, will come into effect from the first day of 2011.（2010 基础写作） _______________________________________________________________________________ 7. Currently China has about 350 million smokers, among whom 75% are men and 25% women .Around 540 million people are affected by second-hand smoke, which causes 100000 deaths per year.（2010 基础写作） ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________
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