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[名校联盟]辽宁省大连铁路中学高中英语外研版复习课件:必修1 Module3 My First Ride on a Train3


晨背佳作·日积月累

Moudle

3

Module 3
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My First Ride on a Train
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晨背佳作〃日积月累

类型:电子邮件 话题:介绍活动计划

典例展示 Dear Mr. Smith, I am Li Hua,chairman of the Students’ Union,from Chenguang High School.Your students’ visiting group coming from the US will pay a visit to our school on June 26 and I was appointed to take charge of arranging all the activities on that day.My plan about these activities is as follows.

晨背佳作·日积月累

Moudle

3

On the morning of your arrival,we will show you around our school and introduce our most advanced science lab to you.1Then a discussion will be held,which may cover such topics as school life,cultural differences and so on,
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aiming to improve mutual understanding.At noon,we will have a gettogether in our school’s dining hall.To let you know more about our traditional customs and culture,we will prepare dumplings and afternoon,you together noodles as main with some of food.2In our the student

representatives are going to visit the Haihe River and enjoy the beautiful scenery there.After that,you will end your visit to our school.

晨背佳作·日积月累

Moudle

3

What do you think of the plan?Can you give me some advice on how to make your visit to our school more interesting and impressive? I am looking forward to your reply. Yours sincerely, Li Hua (2011· 天津卷)

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晨背佳作·日积月累

Moudle

3

佳句变式 范文中的划线句子可改为如下句式: 1.The moment you arrive,you will be shown around our school and our most advanced science lab will also be introduced to you. 2.We will serve dumplings and noodles as main food so that you can know more about our traditional customs and culture.

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基础梳理·授之以渔

Moudle

3

基础梳理〃授之以渔
Ⅰ.词汇与派生 A 联想记忆法 1.expert n.专家,能手;adj.熟练的,有专长的→be expert

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in/at/on sth.熟练?? 2. event n. 事件; 赛事→incident n. 一件小事, 事变→accident
n.事故 3.ceremony n.仪式→hold/ attend 典礼 4. distance n.距离→at/from a distance 隔一段距离 5.shoot vt.射杀→shoot at 向??开枪→shooting n.射击 6.frighten vt.使吃惊;惊吓→ frightened adj. 害 怕 的 →be frightened of害怕?? the ceremony 举行/参加

基础梳理·授之以渔
B 构词记忆法 1.desert n.沙漠→ deserted adj.无人的;被遗弃的

Moudle

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training n.训练;培训 2.train vt.训练;n.火车→
3.abandoned adj.被遗弃的→ abandon vt.遗弃;抛弃 4.product n.产品→ produce vt.生产→production n. 生产 5.interview n.面试;面谈→ interviewer n.(面试时的)主 考官;主持面试者→ interviewee n.参加面试者;接受采 访者 6.exhausted adj.疲惫不堪的→exhaust vt.使疲惫不堪→

exhausting

adj.令人疲惫不堪的

基础梳理·授之以渔

Moudle

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C 语境助记法 Last weekend , we made a journey to the distant desert.The scenery there is beautiful.On the train , we
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happened to interview an expert about environment.He said we must awaken people to the protection of the abandoned lands.

基础梳理·授之以渔

Moudle

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A.语境填词 event interview train
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produce

distant

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1. Production must become more efficient. 2.He mustn’t drink beer;he’s in strict training for his next fight. 3.I would keep my distance from that dog,if I were you. 4.The interviewer is interviewing the interviewee . 5. A daughter’s marriage is quite an event for a father.

基础梳理·授之以渔

Moudle

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B.用本单元所学词汇替换划线部分 1.They felt worn-out after the long trip. 2.We watched it fearfully. 3.He is quite skilled in computer. escape. 5.The boy had been left by his mother.

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exhausted frightenedly expert shoot

4.The guards were ordered to fine on sight anyone trying to

abandoned/deserted

基础梳理·授之以渔

Moudle

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Ⅱ.短语与拓展 1.take off 脱掉;(飞机)起飞 take up 占据(时间、空间等) 2. in/into the distance 在远方

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keep sb.at a distance 和某人保持距离 3.at midnight 在半夜
at noon 在正午 4.be short for 是??的缩写

in short 总而言之;简单地说 5. out of date 过时 date back to 追溯到

基础梳理·授之以渔

Moudle

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6.refer to 涉及,指的是;与??相关

本 refer to sb.as 称某人为?? 课 栏 7.get on 上(车、船等);进展;继续 目 get off 下(车、船等) 开 关 8.at the speed of 以??的速度

pick up/gather speed 加速

基础梳理·授之以渔
学情自测 用方框中所给词的适当形式替换划线部分 refer to look back on refer to...as take off

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date back to

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1.The old man likes recalling his childhood.looking back on 2.The old temple dates from the Ming Dynasty. dates back to 3.The next chapter deals with verbs. refers to 4.The plane began to fly despite the fog. took off 5.We regarded him as the greatest poet. referred to...as

基础梳理·授之以渔

Moudle

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Ⅲ.经典课文原句 1.Where do you think most of the people live (你认为大 多数人生活在哪里),in the central part of the country or on the coast? 2.And what a ride (一次多么美妙的乘车旅行啊)! 3.We ate great meals cooked by experts (专家做的)! 4.Then the government built a new railway line, so they didn’t need the camels any more (所以他们不需要骆 驼). 5.In 1925,they passed a law which allowed people to shoot the animals (它允许人们猎杀动物) if they were a problem. 6.I remember the day my father tried to teach me how to ride a bicycle (怎么骑自行车).
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基础梳理·授之以渔

Moudle

3

Ⅳ.教材与高考 1.And what a ride! (教材原句 P23) (2011· 辽宁,33) A.Which C.How B.What D.Whether
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B

a strange plant ! I’ve never seen it before.

解析 考查感叹句。句意为:多么奇怪的植物啊!我以 前从没见过。此处为What+a(n)+adj.+n.+it is/was!的 省略结构,故选B项。

基础梳理·授之以渔

Moudle

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2.Camels were much better than horses for travelling a long distance. —Why?It’s (教材原句P23) —The film is,I have to say,not a bit interesting.

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A

than the films I have ever seen. (2011· 江西,24) B.much less interesting D.any less interesting

A.far more interesting C.no more interesting

解析 考查比较级词义辨析及其修饰语的用法。由下句中 why可知,应与上句观点相反,意为“比我看过的电影有 趣得多了”。故选A项。

基础梳理·授之以渔

Moudle

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Ⅴ.单元语法自测——ed 形式作定语和过去时态的时间状语 用所给词的适当形式填空 1.The trees blown down in the storm have been moved off the road.(blow down) 2. Can those seated at the back of the classroom hear me? (seat) 3.It is one of the funniest things found far this year.(find) 4. I was out of town at the time, so I don’t know exactly how it on the Internet so

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happened .(happen)

5.I overslept this morning because my alarm clock didn’t

go off .(go off)

高频考点·深度探究

Moudle

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高频考点〃深度探究
重点单词 1.distance n.the amount of space between two places or things距离;间距;being far away in space or in time遥 远 at/from a distance隔一段距离;距离稍远 in/into the distance在远处
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from the distance从远处
keep sb.at a distance对??冷淡;与??疏远 within walking distance在步行可及的地方

高频考点·深度探究

Moudle

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(1)Take your time—it’s just a short distance from here to the restaurant.
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(2011· 山东,21)

别着急——从这儿到那家餐馆只是很短的一段距离。 (2)I saw some smoke in the distance . 我看到远处有些烟。 (3)It’s better for you to keep him at a distance. 你最好不要和他亲近。

高频考点·深度探究

Moudle

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本 2.frighten v.to make sb.suddenly feel afraid 使惊吓;使愕然 课 frighten sb./sth.away/off 把某人(物)吓走 栏 目 frighten sb.into/out of doing sth.吓唬某人做/不做某事 开 关

be frightened of...害怕??

be frightened to do...吓得不敢做某事 be frightened to death 被吓坏了

高频考点·深度探究

Moudle

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(1)The plane was the noisiest one I had ever been in,but I wasn’t frightened—I was really just looking forward to the experience. (2011· 北京,阅读 A) 那架飞机是我坐过的飞机中噪音最大的, 但我一点也不害 怕,我只是盼望着这次经历的发生。 (2)The bird came to the window,but I moved suddenly and frightened it away. 那鸟儿飞到窗前,可我的身子突然一动,把它吓走了。 (3)He frightened the old lady into signing the paper. 他恐吓老太太签了字。

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高频考点·深度探究

Moudle

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对点自测 Ⅰ.语境填词 distance frighten 1.He threatened the intruders with a gun and frightened them off. 2.My parents live within walking distance of me.

高频考点·深度探究

Moudle

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Ⅱ.单项填空 1.The faces of four famous American presidents on Mount Rushmore can be seen from a A.length B.distance

B

of 60 miles. D.space

C.way

解析 “a distance of+数字”表示“??的距离”。

高频考点·深度探究

Moudle

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2.—What a

B

scene on the stage! .

—Yeah,we girls were really A.frightened;frightened B.frightening;frightened C.frightening;frightening D.frightened;frightening

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解析 frightening令人害怕的,多修饰物;frightened感到 害怕的,多形容人。

高频考点·深度探究

Moudle

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短语与句式 1.refer to 查阅;谈到;参考;有关;运用(于) reference n.提及;参考;查阅 refer...to...把??提交给??;让??参考?? refer to...as 把??称为

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in/with reference to...关于??

高频考点·深度探究

Moudle

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(1)Nowadays some hospitals refer to patients by name,not

case number. (2010· 江西,34) 本 课 现在一些医院提到病人时用名字而不是病例编号。 栏 目 开 (2)Which companies was she referring to when she spoke of 关 competing firms? 她提到竞争公司时指的是哪几家? (3)The teacher referred him to the dictionary. 老师叫他去查字典。

高频考点·深度探究

Moudle

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易混辨析

look up,refer to 一试身手 名师指津 二者都有“参考;查询”的意

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思,但搭配不同。 look up (1)I’d like to the word in the dictionary. (2)If you don’t understand some words,you can

(1)look up 的宾语多为 word, information 等, 不可以是 book, dictionary,sb.等。 (2)refer to 的意思比较广泛,当 “查找”讲时,其宾语多为 book,dictionary 等。

refer

to the dictionary.

高频考点·深度探究

Moudle

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写作句组——满分作文之佳句 a.When I am faced with a difficulty,I usually choose to refer to relevant learning materials or Web pages. (2011· 安徽) b.If you want to know its exact meaning,you can look it up in your reference book. c.You should consult the instructions before you take the medicine.

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高频考点·深度探究

Moudle

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2.take off(飞机)起飞;突然开始成功;开始走红;脱(衣服 等);休假 take to 喜欢上;适应;养成??的习惯 take in 吸收;接纳;欺骗 take on 呈现;雇用 take over 接管;接任

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高频考点·深度探究

Moudle

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(1)Some insects take on the color of their surroundings to protect themselves. (2)His career took off when he was only ten. 十岁时他的事业便飞黄腾达了。 (3)We were taken in by his innocent,boyish looks. 我们被他天真无邪、小男孩似的外表蒙骗了。 (4)He has taken to going to the gym after work. 他养成了下班后去健身的习惯。 (2011· 陕西,25) 有些昆虫可以变成它们周围环境的颜色来保护自己。

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高频考点·深度探究

Moudle

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3.be short for...是??的缩写;是??的简称 be short of...缺少??;缺乏?? fall short of 未达到;不符合

in short 简言之;总之
for short 简略为;简称

高频考点·深度探究

Moudle

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(1)Digital technology often falls short of our expectation. (2011· 浙江,阅读A) 数字技术时常达不到我们的期望值。 (2)What we are short of is time and workforce. 我们缺少的是时间和劳动力。 (3)Her name is Alex, short for Alexandra. 她名叫亚历克斯,是亚历山德拉的简称。

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高频考点·深度探究

Moudle

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4.Where do you think most of the people live,in the central part of the country or on the coast?你认为大多数人生活在 哪里:国家的中部地区还是沿海地带? 句式提取:特殊疑问词+do you think+陈述句 能用于此结构的还有:do you believe/suppose/expect/suggest 等。

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高频考点·深度探究

Moudle

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(1)What do you think he will do next? 你认为他下一步要做什么? (2) Who do you think helped me hand in my homework? 你认为是谁帮我交了作业? (3) Who do you suggest be sent to work on the farm? 你建议派谁去农场工作呢?

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高频考点·深度探究

Moudle

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5.Would you mind if I saw your ticket?请出示你的票好 吗? 句式提取:Would you mind if...? would you mind if...后的从句应用一般过去时,表虚 拟,意为“如果??,你介意吗?”;如果would换为 do,if从句则用一般现在时,如Do you mind if I use your cellphone?这两个问句的答语均为:不介意时, 用Not at all./Of course not./No,go ahead.来回答;介意 时,用I’d rather you didn’t./You’d better not.来回 答。

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高频考点·深度探究

Moudle

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(1)Would you mind if I smoked here?(= Do you mind smoke here?)我在这抽烟你介意吗? (2)—Would you mind if I asked you a question? —No,go ahead. ——我问你个问题,不介意吧? ——不介意,问吧。 (3)Would you mind if I asked you to pick me up? 请你来接我好吗? 思考题

if I

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与mind有关的短语:mind sb./sb.’s doing sth.

介意某人做某事;keep sth.in mind 记住??; make

up one’s mind 下决心??

高频考点·深度探究

Moudle

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对点自测 Ⅰ.选词填空 refer to take off in short 1.His mother was seriously ill,so he had to take a day off . 2.In short he is an honest person and you can depend on him. 3.When I said someone was foolish,I wasn’t referring to you.

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高频考点·深度探究

Moudle

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本 Ⅱ.翻译句子 课 栏 1.你认为我们班最好的学生是谁?(do you suppose) 目 Who do you suppose is the best student in our class? 开 关

2.如果我和你共同坐这个位置,你会介意吗?

Would you mind if I shared the seat with you?

高频考点·深度探究

Moudle

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Ⅲ.单项填空 1.—Would you mind if I opened the window? —

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A

.It’s a bit cold. B.Of course not D.I’d rather you don’t

A.I’d rather you didn’t C.Not at all

解析 由It’s a bit cold可知,应是“介意”,故选A,“我 宁愿你不开窗户”。

高频考点·深度探究

Moudle

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2.There are so many new words in this article that I can’t get along without A.sticking to C.looking up

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B

the dictionary. B.referring to D.consulting to

解析 句意为:在这篇文章中有那么多新单词以致于不 查阅字典我不能读它。refer to查阅,符合句意。

高频考点·深度探究

Moudle

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3.It was at this point that her acting career really A.took up C.took in B.took off D.took down

B

.

解析 句意为:正是在这一点上,她的演艺事业开始腾 飞。take off突然开始成功,符合句意。

高频考点·深度探究

Moudle

3

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4.Robert is called “Bob” A.for short C.short for

A

. B.in short D.short of

解析 句意为:Robert简称为Bob。for short简称,符合句 意。

高频考点·深度探究

Moudle

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5.

B

is the most influential film?

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A.Do you think which of these B.Which of these do you think C.Which of these do you know D.You know which of these

解析 do you think作插入语,特殊疑问词应放句首; know没有这一用法。故选B。

写作提升·步步为赢

Module 3

写作提升〃步步为赢
英语句子的成分 英语句子分为简单句和复合句。简单句就是一个句子中 只包含一个主谓结构的句子。复合句又分成并列句和复杂 句,下面我们分别对这三种情况加以分析。 一、简单句 目前很多语法书都把英语的简单句归纳为五种基本句 型。实际上,英语简单句还可以简化为三种形式: 主语+谓语(及物动词)+宾语,如:I hate grammar. 主语+谓语(不及物动词),如:Grammar sucks. 主语+系动词+表语,如:Grammar is hell.

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写作提升·步步为赢
二、并列句

Module 3

并列句就是两个或两个以上的简单句,由表示并列关系的 连词或标点符号连接而成。 常见的连词: and, not only...but also, neither...nor...,or,either...or...,otherwise,but,yet,while, so,for 等。阅读中遇到并列关系的句子,一般情况下是以连词 为界限,将句子分成前、后部分,并分别来分析,各句的意思 一般可以单独理解,最后将各句合并即可。 I hate grammar while he loves it.(以 while 为界, 可分为前后 两个小句子)

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写作提升·步步为赢

Module 3

三、主从复合句 英语中的三大从句:名词性从句、形容词性从句和副词 性从句。三大从句之下又包括纷繁复杂的从句形式: 名词性从句:主语从句,宾语从句,表语从句,同位语从句 形容词性从句(定语从句):限制性,非限制性 副词性从句(状语从句):时间,地点,原因,条件,目的,让 步,方式,结果 The sad thing is that the ugly man with a lot of money chooses living alone.(表语从句)

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写作提升·步步为赢

Module 3

What the ugly man with a lot of money chooses is living alone.(主语从句) We all know that the ugly man with a lot of money chooses living alone.(宾语从句) The fact that the ugly man with a lot of money chooses living alone is known to everyone.(同位语从句) The ugly man who has a lot of money chooses living alone.(定 语从句) 在阅读这样的复杂句的时候,首先要找出主句或从句从哪儿 开始,到哪儿结束,先理解主句的意思,最后再把从句的内 容与主句综合起来。

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写作提升·步步为赢

Module 3

介绍完句子结构,就该说说复杂句子的解决方法了,那就是优 先提取主干法。这种方法顾名思义就是先提取句子的主干,因 为主干是句子的精髓所在,然后再看其他补充或修饰的成分。 One of the results of the conflict between the two factions was 【that [what in previous years had been referred to as the “American”,“native”,or,occasionally,“New York” school (—the most representative school of American art in any genre—) 主语从句] (by 1890) was firmly established in the minds of critics and public alike as the Hudson River school.表语从句】

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写作提升·步步为赢

Module 3

首先找到句子主干成分,“One of the results was...”是很明 显的主系表结构,that引导的显然是个表语从句,表语从句中 又有一个由what引导的主语从句,主干结构是“...was firmly established...”,最后再加上修饰成分,句子就很容易分析 了,也可以轻而易举地翻译并理解了:两个派别斗争的结果 之一是:直到1890年,这个曾经被称作“美国的”、“本土 的”、或者偶尔被称作是“纽约的”美国艺术题材中最有代 表性的学派,以哈德逊河学派命名被稳固地建立在批评家和 公众的思想之中了。

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写作提升·步步为赢

Module 3

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优先提取主干是一个很有效的方法,如果我们具备了基本的句 子结构知识,了解了句子的成分构成,先提取主干,抓住句子 精髓,再看从句和其他部分,理清各个部分之间的关系,任何 复杂的句子都能迎刃而解了。

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