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高一英语必背范文 10 篇
1 节日类------春节 The Spring Festival
Far and away the most important holiday in China is Spring Festival, also known as the Chinese New Year. To the Chinese people it is

as important as Christmas to people in the West. The dates for this annual celebration falls on the lst day of the lst lunar month. Generally speaking, the timing of the holiday varies from late January to early February. Spring Festival is the most important and popular festival in China. Before Spring Festival ,the people usually clean and decorate their houses. And they go to the Flower Fairs to buy some flowers. During Spring Festival ,the adults usually give lucky money to children. People often get together and have a big meal. Some people eat dumpling for dinner. People also stick on couplets and set off fireworks to celebrate it. Spring Festival has a long history. It is said that people keep the monster----” nian”, a fierce animal, away from our villages and our homes. So to celebrate Spring Festival means to pray a happy and a peaceful life. I like Spring Festival!

2 书信 + 节日介绍中秋节

假如你是李华。你的美国笔友 即将随其父母来中国,并中国度过中秋节。他来信向你询 问有关中秋节的习俗,请你告诉他有关中秋节的习俗。 要点如下: 1 历史悠久。2 中国人独有的传统节日。 3 家庭团圆。4 共进晚餐。 5 吃月饼。 6 赏月。 要求: 1 词数 100 左右。 2 可适当添加细节。 3 开头已给出,不计入总词数。 Dear Mike, I’m glad to know that you are coming to China with your parents and spend the Mid-Autumn Day here.----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Dear Mike, I’m glad to know that you are coming to China with your parents and spend the Mid-Autumn Day here.

The Mid-Autumn Day is a traditional festival with a long history which is celebrated only by Chinese people. It falls on August 15th of the Chinese lunar year, when people of a family get together and enjoy the dinner together. After that they eat mooncakes, which stands for the spirits of the festival-unity. Often ,if the weather permits, they will go out of the house to enjoy the bright moonlight, talking about something pleasant. It is one of the most important festivals for Chinese people. I wish you a pleasant journey and I’ m sure you will like our traditional Mid-Autumn Day. Yours, Li Hua

3 食物健康类 保持健康的方法
健康对我们任何人来说都是最为重要的。为了保持健康,我们需要一些普通的知识。 首先,注意你的饮食。我们应该吃大量的水果和蔬菜,因为它们富含纤维素并且脂肪 含量较低。正如一句谚语所说:“一天一个苹果不求医。”因此水果对健康有益。不要吃太 多富合脂肪的食物,比如说黄油。同时,应当适量地吃甜食,因为糖过多对我们人体不利, 也不要喝太多的咖啡。 其次,锻炼是必需的;经常性的锻炼能使我们保持身材;通常每天跑步的人的心脏要 比那些不跑步的人更强壮。 最后,养成良好的生活习惯。我们晚上应该睡八小时,不要过分辛苦地工作。过度劳 作和睡眠不足将导致生病。而且,不要吸烟。 以上这些方面我们都该注意,这样才能保持健康。 The Way to Stay Healthy Health is most important for any of us. In order to stay healthy, we need some common knowledge. Firstly, pay attention to the diet. We should eat lots of fruit and vegetables, because they are rich in fiber and Iow in fat. As a proverb says, "An apple a day keeps the doctor away.“So fruit is good for health. Don' t have a lot of food thatcontains too much fat, such as butter. Meanwhile, sweets should be eaten in proper quantity, because too much sugardoes harm to us. Don't drink too much coffee, either. Secondly, exercise is necessary. Regular exercise can help us keep from getting fat. People who do running every day usually have stronger hearts than who don't. Finally, form good living habits. We should sleep for about 8 hours at night, and never work too hard. Over work and little sleep will lead to illness. What's more, stay away from cigarettes.

These are the things we should pay attention to so as to stay healthy.

4 地方介绍类 + 应用文发言稿
假定由你负责接待一个外国旅游团。请你拟定一篇发言稿向游客介绍南京。要 点如下: 1. 南京位于中国东南部,是江苏省省会,人口约 500 万。 2. 南京有 2400 多年历史,曾有 10 个朝代在此建都。 3. 南京很美,有许多名胜,如玄武湖、鸡鸣寺、石头城等,还有许多现代化的工厂和 高大的楼房。 词数:100 左右 Ladies and gentlemen, Welcome to our city. I’ d like to tell you something about our city. Nanjing, the capital of Jiangsu Province, lies in the southeast of China. It has a population of about 5 million. The city has a history of more than 2,400 years, and was once the capitals of ten dynasties. It is a very beautiful city with a lot of places of interest, such as the Xuanwu Lake, the Jiming Temple and the Stone City. It also has many modern factories and high buildings. I’m sure you will have a good time here. Thank you.

5 应用文类------写一份英语广播稿

为增加师生对中国航天的了解,你校将举行一次讲座。假设你是学校的广播员,请根据下 面的表格提示的内容,写一份英语广播稿,通知全校师生。讲座主题中国航天 (China Spaceflight) 主讲人:北京大学李博教授 时间:1 月 5 日,星期四下午 2:30 地点:学校报告厅 讲座内容: 介绍中国航天发展的背景、简要历程,神舟系列飞船的发展概况以及中国航 天员的情况。 注意:

1. 词数 100 左右; 2. 要点齐全,符合英语口语特点; 3. 广播稿的开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数; 4. 参考词汇:背景 background 航天员 astronaut 过程 process Dear teachers and schoolmates, May I have your attention please? I have an announcement to make. In order to help us learn more about China Spaceflight, Professor Li Bo from Peking University will give us a lecture. He will talk about the background of the development of China Spaceflight as well as its process. Besides, astronauts and something about the series of Shenzhou Spaceships will also be introduced. The lecture will be held on Thursday, the fifth of January and it will begin at 2:30 pm in the Lecture Hall of our school. Anyone who’ s interested in the topic is welcome to attend the lecture. Don’ t forget to be on time. That’s all. Thanks for your attention.

6 说明文类-------询问你家乡的家庭旅馆
假设你是李华,你的美国笔友 George 来信询问你家乡的家庭旅馆的情况, 打算今年暑假 在这种旅馆住一段时间。请你给他回信介绍, 具体内容如下: 价格:单人间每天 30 元;双人间每人每天 20 元;餐费每人每天 20 元。和住户主人一家 一起吃中餐,有菜单,可点菜, 也可以自己做饭。 价格:海水浴、游泳、登山,不付工资的温室劳动(自愿) 说明补充:近距离了解中国,还可以感受到家庭气氛 注意: 1. 短文必须包括表格中的所有内容, 可以适当增加细节,使其连贯; 2. 开头已给出; 3 词数:100 左右; 4. 参考词汇: 家庭旅馆 household hotel。 Dear George, Very glad to have received your letter. Now I’ d like to tell you about household hotels in my hometown. The household hotel is nice to stay in. Not only can you learn about China clearly, but also you canfeel at home as well by dining with the family for only 20 yuan a day. Of course you can cook by yourself if the menu doesn’t satisfy you. It is really cheap to live in a single room for 30 yuan a day and a double room for 20 yuan each. You can bathe and swim in the sea, climb the hill and do unpaid jobs in the greenhouse if you’d like to. I’m looking forward to your coming.

Yours, Li Hua

7 观点对比类----太空探索是否值得

最近,你班同学就“太空探索是否值得”这一话题展开了一场讨论。请你根据下表提供的信 息,用英语写一篇短文介绍讨论的情况。 30%的同学认为: : 1. 不值得探索 2. 离我们及我们的日常生活太遥远 3. 浪费金钱。这些金钱本可用来解决地球上的饥饿、污染等问题 70%的同学认为: 1. 值得探索 2. 已使用卫星进行通讯传播、天气预报 2. 有望解决地球人口问题、地球能源短缺问题 Recently, students in our class have had a discussion on whether space is worth exploring. 30% of us think space exploration is not worthwhile. They think space is too far away from us and our daily life. And the money spent on space exploration can be used to solve the earth’s problems such as starvation and pollution. On the other hand, 70% think space is worth exploring because we have benefited a lot from it, such as using satellites for communication andweather forecast. What’s more, with further space research, we may solve the population problem by moving to other planets one day. Also, space research will enable us to find new sources to solve the problem of energy shortages on the earth.



某英文杂志新设“我的家乡”专栏向读者征文,请按下面提供的要点写一篇 100 个词左 右的短文,介绍你的家乡过去的情况和现在的变化,向该杂志投稿。短文标题已给出。 过去:家乡小镇绿树环抱;小河清清鱼儿嬉戏;房屋简陋街道狭窄;人们劳作生活清 贫; 现在:高楼大厦厂店林立;大小车辆驰骋街头;工业发展环境恶化;树木减少鱼儿消

失;治理污染当务之急。 I used to live in a beautiful small town with greentrees all around it.The river, running through the town,had clean water in which fish could be seen swimming in groups. The house, however, were small and simple, and the street wasn’ t wide enough to run cars. People here worked hard all year round yet lived a life of no more than poverty. Now great changes have taken place here. You can see tall buildings, department stores and factories everywhere. Cars and buses are running in broad streets. But with the development of industry,pollution is becoming more and more serious. A lot of trees are gone, and fish have disappeared because of the dirty water. To our joy, people have been doing their best to stop pollution and make the town evenmore beautiful.



根据下面提供的情景, 写一段不少于 50 词的接续文字。 Mark is a middle school student. He lives in a tall building in the middle of the town. About a mile from Mark’s building there are many old houses. They are all empty and going to be pulled down. His father says they are dangerous and tells him to keep away from them. However, he enjoys playing there verymuch. On Friday on his way home from school...... Mark is a middle school student. He lives in a tall building in the middle of the town. About a mile fromMark’s building there are many old houses. They are all empty and going to be pulled down. His father says they are dangerous and tells him to keep away from them. However, he enjoys playing there very much. One Friday on his way home from school…….. Mark went into one of the empty old houses. He saw a door leading down into a small dark cellar. He went into the cellar to see what he could find. Just then he heard a terrible crash. The roof of the old house fell in. Mark tried to open the cellar door. But he couldn’t. So he had to stay there. Mark was saved three days later by some policemen. They used dogs to find him.


10 爱好类-----My favorite sport

假如你是一位足球爱好者,请你根据下列要点提示,以“My favorite sport ” 为题写 一篇 110 词左右的短文。 1 踢足球是你的最大爱好; 2 一次偶然的机会让你爱上了踢球;在回家路上捡到一个足球,然后就和朋友们一起 玩,从此深深地爱上了踢球; 3 经常和同学一起训练和比赛; 4 最喜欢的足球明星是英国的贝克汉姆;最大的愿望是成为一名职业足球运动员。 参考词汇: 偶然 by chance 职业运动员 a professional football player My favorite sport Playing football is my favorite. I fell in love with it bychance. One day, I found a football on my way home. I was so curious about the little round ball that I began to play it with my friends. From then on, football became part of my life. I often play football with my classmates after class.We often train ourselves, and sometimes we compete in football games in order to improve our skills. Among all the football stars, I admire Beckham most. It is not his handsome appearance but his skills that impress me a lot. My greatest dream is to become a professional football player in the future.




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