中原名校联盟 2013—2014 学年高三上期第一次摸底考试
英 语 试 题
（考试时间：120 分钟 试卷满分：150 分） 本试卷分第一卷（选择题）和第二卷（非选择题）两部分。考生作答时，将答案答在答 题卡上，在本试卷上答题无效。考试结束后，将本试卷和答题卡—并交回。 注意事项： 1．答题前，考生务必先将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。 2
．选择题答案使用 2B 铅笔填涂，如需改动，用橡皮擦干净后再改选项。非选择题答 案使用 0．5 毫米的黑色中性（签字）笔或碳素笔书写，字体工整、笔迹清楚。 3．请按照题号在各题的答题区域（黑色线框）内作答，超出答题区域书写的答案无效。 4．保持卡面清洁，不折叠，不破损。
第Ⅰ卷（共 115 分）
第一部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 65 分） 第一节：单项填空（共 35 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 35 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂 黑。 1. Experts believe that ________ warm and comfortable bath seems to be a perfect way for a patient to recover from ________ fear of losing control of himself. A. a; the B. the; / C. a; / D. the; a 2. To pay to see that movie seems foolish ________ you can see it on television for free. A. before B. though C. when D. once 3. Mr. Black ________ for Shanghai in a few days. Do you know when the earliest plane ________ on Sunday? A. leaves; takes off B. leaves; is taking off C. is leaving; is taking off D. is leaving; takes off 4. --How did you find your visit to Qingdao, Joanna? --________. A. Oh, wonderful indeed B. I went there alone C. First by train and then by ship D. A guide showed me the way 5. More and more attention has been drawn to the fact that many children are ________ in the countryside when their parents flood into the cities for jobs. A. left off B. left aside C. left out D. left behind 6. If we had taken such effective measures much earlier, the river ________ so seriously now. A. is not polluted B. would not be polluted C. had not been polluted D. would not have been polluted 7. Girls used to take fewer advanced math courses than boys but now they are taking just _______. A. as much B. so much C. as many D. so many 8. Many people are ________ as to what to do when there is a fire. A. at a loss B. at risk C. at ease D, at a distance
9. --You should have thanked her before you left. --I meant ________, but when I was leaving I couldn’t find her anywhere. A. to do B. to C. doing D. doing so 10. Much as he ________ he has a good command of English, he sometimes feels it hard to find an appropriate version for some Chinese idioms. A. announces B. declares C. claims D. confirms 11. The manager listened to the customers’ complaints attentively with great patience, ________ to miss any point. A. not trying B. trying not C. to try not D. not to try 12. In fact, I think it’s very much nicer without the naughty boy, if you don’t mind me ________ so. A. say B. to say C. saying D. to saying 13. China’s plan ________ its installed nuclear power capacity by 20 percent this year shows that the country is developing new energy in an efficient way. A. raised B. has raised C. raising D. to raise 14. It was announced that only when the terrible disease was under control ________ to return to their homes. A. the residents would decide B. would the residents decide C. would the residents be decided D. the residents would be decided 15. As parents and teachers, you should allow children the space to ________ their opinions, even if they are different from your own. A. announce B. voice C. declare D. sound 16. --Did the film ________ your expectations? --Yes, I have never seen such an interesting film like that before. A. take part in B. live up to C. make ends meet D. look forward to 17. You ________ pay too much attention to your reading skill, as it is so important. A. can’t B. should C. must D. needn’t 18. Could it be in the restaurant in ________ you had dinner with me yesterday ________ you left behind your keys and wallet? A. which; which B. which; that C. that; where D. where; that 19. --I really thought I’d be offered the job. --Oh, well, ________, Clark. A. you are fight B. best wishes C. congratulations D. better luck next time 20. If you like art and enjoy looking at the pictures, ________ is an interest. A. which B. that C. as D. what 21. --Shall I ________ the raincoat? --No hurry. Leave it ________ it is. It looks like rain. A. put on; there B. put on; where C. put away; in the place D. put away; where 22. All the factors ________, we decided to offer the job to Li Wei, a man of rich experience. A. considered B. being considered C. considering D. having considered 23. To fully understand the writer, we must read not only between the lines but also ________
the lines to know what is implied in the article. A. within B. beyond C. beside D. among 24. --Do you need any help, Lucy? --Yes. The job is ________ I could do myself. A. not more than B. less than C. more than D. no more than 25. --May I speak to your manager at four o’clock this afternoon? --I’m sorry. He ________ to a conference long before then. A. will have gone B. had gone C. would go D. has gone 26. Scientists are convinced ________ the positive effect of laughter ________ physical and mental health. A. of; at B. on; at C. by; in D. of; on 27. All the citizens here strongly insist those found ________ “harmful” advertisement in the streets ________ punished strictly. A. putting up; will B. to put up; should be C. being put up D. putting up; be 28. An increasing number of countries have been ________ China as a threatening power recently. A. looking up B. looking at C. looking on D. looking for 29. --He must have received a good education in his childhood, ________ he? --________, he is polite and well-behaved and acts like a gentleman. A. didn’t; Yes B. has; Yes C. has; No D. didn’t; No 30. We are waiting until the weather ________ a little. A. takes up B. picks up C. turns up D. makes up 31. ________ the important documents were needed A. Where; finding B. What; found C. When; to find D. When; to be found 32. --How much salt did you put in the soup? --I’m sorry to say, ________. I forget. A. no B. no one C. nothing D. none 33. --The research on the new bird flu virus vaccine is challenging and demanding. Who do you think can do the job? --________ my students have a try? A. Should B. Shall C. Will D. May 34. The shoes are of high quality and ________ long. A. wore B. are worn C. wear D. will be worn 35. Eyes ________, I see the moon so bright; Head ________, in homesickness I am drowned. A. raising; bending B. raising; bent C. raised; bending D. raised; bent 第二节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1．5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A，B，C，D）中，选出可以填入空白 处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 For centuries, magicians have used various ways to shock the audience. We all have seen how a 36 performer carefully steps 37 a bed of burning coals -- barefoot. Then he walks across 38 a single burn on his feet. Is it mind over matter, or is it just physics? As it turns __39 , walking on burning coals isn’t that hot as 40 . “The coals are hot enough to 41__ you, but if you walk quickly across them you 42 being burned.” says Jonathan Hall, a
physician at Penn State University in Eric Pennsylvania. That’s because some coals are made 43 burning wood chips. Wood has two
properties（特性）for fire-walking, explains Hall. First, wood is an insulator（绝缘体）--it doesn’t __45 heat very well. “It 46 _ time for heat to travel 47 the wood to your feet.” Hall says. If the performer walked across red-hot metal 48 , that would truly be 49 , because metal conducts, or transmits, heat very well. The metal would 50 burn a performer’s feet. Second, wood has a low specific heat-- it doesn’t take much heat to 51 its temperature. Heat is a form of 52 . Temperature is a 53 of heat, in units of degrees. So 54 the coals are hot, the value（数值）of heat energy they contain is low. Thus, a well-trained performer can 55 such an amazing result. Still, you don’t want to walk on burning coals, do you? 36. A. daring B. dare C. rough D. fearful 37. A. at B. over C. on D. above 38. A. withB. within C. without D. over 39. A. out B. on C. off D. in 40. A. imagine B. imagined C. imagining D. to imagine 41. A. fire B. burn C. light D. flame 42. A. prevent B. keep C. ignore D. avoid 43. A. off B. from C. of D. in 44. A. ideal B. classic C. favorite D. standard 45. A. transmit B. communicate C. bring D. send 46. A. gathers B. takes C. gains D. stands 47. A. through B. into C. over D. pass 48. A. unhappy B. unharmed C. unhealthy D. unprepared 49. A. charming B. magical C. tricky D. fashionable 50. A. instantly B. constantly C. frequently D. lately 51. A. produce B. raise C. construct D. create 52. A. power B. source C. energy D. strength 53. A. measure B. rankC. estimate D. rate 54. A. what if B. however C. as if D. even though 55. A. achieve B. arrive C. draw D. take 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 50 分） 第一节（共 20 小题：每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 A Do you long for lasting camp memories? Sure we can guarantee it. Shadow Ridge Summer Camps offer so many exciting things for campers to do. Unlike other camp programs that include horses as a small part of their program, at Shadow Ridge horses ARE the program ! We are 100% horse from stable （马厩） management, nature walks, and track rides to bedroom furnishings. Horses help us achieve many of our aims. Girls can learn to develop responsibility, self-confidence and personal connections in their lives while having fun. Using horses as a wonderful tool for education, our camps offer an interesting place for growth and learning:
Imagine each girl having her very own horse to spend time with and a best friend to love and take care of. Each camper is responsible for a horse for the week. Our riding program provides a lot of riding and lesson time. Campers will learn how to take care of the horse and the tack（马具）, as well as how to ride. Days are filled with horse-related activities to strengthen the connection between each girl and horse, as the girls learn to work safely around the horses. At Shadow Ridge we try to create a loving, caring family atmosphere for our campers. We have “The Bunkhouse” girls）, the “Wranglers Roost” girls）, and “The Hideout” （4 （4 （2 girls）in our comfortable 177-year-old farm house. All meals are home cooked, offering delicious and healthy food for the hungry rider. Our excellent activities create personalized memories of your child’s vacation. Each child will receive a camp T-shirt and a photo album （usually 300-500 pictures） of their stay at camp. Our camps are offered during June, July and August 2013, for small groups of girls aged 13-16 years, not only from Canada but also other parts of the world. We will send you full program descriptions at your request. 56. What is the main purpose of the passage? A. To attract people to the camps. B. To talk about camping experiences. C. To describe the programs of the camps. D. To explain the aims of the camps. 57. What do we know about the camp programs at Shadow Ridge? A. Campers are required to wear camp T-shirts. B. Horses play a central role in the activities. C. Campers learn to cook food for themselves. D. Horse lessons are offered all the year round. 58. The programs at Shadow Ridge mainly aim to help people ________. A. understand horses better B. enjoy a family atmosphere C. have fun above other things D. achieve an educational purpose 59. The passage is written mainly for ________. A. horse riders B. teenage girls C. Canadian parents D. international travelers B It can be hard to meet people from another culture. From the beginning, people may send the wrong signal（信号）. Or they may pay no attention to signals from another person who is trying to develop a relationship. Different cultures emphasize （强调） importance of relationship building to a greater or the lesser degree. For example, business in some countries is not possible until there is a relationship of trust. Even with people at work, it is necessary to spend a lot of time in “small talk”, usually over a glass of tea, before they do any job. In many European countries--like the UK or France—people find it easier to build up a lasting working relationship at restaurants or cafes rather than at the office. Talk and silence may also be different in some cultures. I once made a speech in Thailand. I had expected my speech to be a success and start a lively discussion; instead there was an uncomfortable silence. The people present just stared at me and smiled. After getting to know their ways better, I realized that they thought I was talking too much. In my own culture, we express meaning mainly through words, but people there sometimes feel too many words are unnecessary. Even within Northern Europe, cultural differences can cause serious problems. Certainly,
English and German cultures share similar values; however, Germans prefer to get down to business more quickly. We think that they are rude. In fact, this is just because one culture starts discussions and makes decisions more quickly. People from different parts of the world have different values, and sometimes these values are quite against each other. However, if we can understand them better, a multicultural environment（多元文化环境）will offer a wonderful chance for us to learn from each other. 60. In some countries, eating together at restaurants may make it easier for people to ________. A. keep each other company B. share the same Culture C. get to know each other D. develop closer relations 61. The author mentions his experience in Thailand to show that _________. A. even talk and silence can be culturally different B. too many words are of no use C. people from Thailand are quiet and shy by nature D. the English prefer to make long speeches 62. According to the text, how can people from different cultures understand each other better? A. By sharing different ways of life. B. By recognizing different values. C. By accepting different habits. D. By speaking each other’s languages. 63. What would be the best title for the text? A. Multicultural Environment. B. How to Understand Each Other. C. Cross-Cultural Differences. D. How to Build Up a Relationship. C When you don’t have anything planned for the day or it’s rainy outside and your children are stuck in the house, why not sit around and tell them riddles? Telling riddles will make your family laugh and sometimes even scratch their heads, trying to figure out what the answer is. Riddles have been a pastime for centuries. Not only have riddles been something for passing the time, but they have also been used to pass on secret information during the Second World War. Even the ancient Greeks used riddles. They would tell riddles at parties and whoever was the first to get them right would receive prize. Most riddles use words that have double meanings or share the same sound like “hear” and “here”. So in order to get the riddle, you will have to do some creative thinking and think of all the possibilities of different words. The difficulty of figuring out the riddle is based on the riddle itself. The riddle has to provide you with enough clues to come to the right answer, but that doesn’t mean that the clues have to be easy. If you are looking to tell riddles but don’t know any, you can look online and you will find a large number of sites that will have hundreds of different riddles to choose from. If you would like to look somewhere else then you could look at your local bookstore, where you will be able to find many different books with thousands of riddles to choose from. You can even find websites and books that will tell you how to write your own riddles. After you have found some resources that have different riddles, you will need to read through them to find the right ones for you and your family: You will also need to make sure that your kids will have a chance to figure out the answers. So take your time and choose the fight family riddles to tell. 64. What is the author’s main purpose in writing the text?
A. To recommend an interesting family activity. B. To stress the importance of family activities. C. To encourage children to read more books. D. To introduce the history of riddles. 65. From the text we know that riddles _______. A. do not have enough clues B. have a very long history C. were used in World War One D. were first used in ancient Rome 66. In Paragraph 3, the author mainly ________. A. discusses how riddles are created B. explains why fiddles are interesting C. tells people how to solve riddles D. shows the benefits of telling riddles 67. To collect riddles, the author suggests ________. A. one way B. two ways C. three ways D. four ways D Mid-IB at a glance The summer vacation is the time to consolidate（巩固）your learning and prepare for the year ahead. In July and August Oxford Study Courses will once again hold its Mid-IB Summer School for students half way through their IB Diploma（国际预科证书）. We’ll be back giving another generation of IB students a unique opportunity to sample a way of life enjoyed by students at famous universities. Students who have completed the first year of their IB Diploma can join us and we can help them prepare for their important second year. Students can choose how many subjects they study. Each subject is studied for one week. You can attend up to 5 weeks. The Mid-IB Summer School is held at Cambridge University in the UK （between June 20th and August 1 st） and at Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology （MIT）in Boston, USA （between July 6th and July 25th）. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Student comments ◆ “The classes have shown me new approaches to learning. I have also learned how to approach exam questions and now feel confident in doing so.” ◆ “It was cool creating tight and close relationships with other students from around the world, realizing we all had a connection to each other.” ◆ “I really enjoyed the level of independence, although I felt like people were watching out for us. I also felt like an Oxford student!” ◆ “I have enjoyed the learning style and the course work has been extremely beneficial 有益处 （ 的）academically.” ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Enjoy the summer Our Summer School gives you an action-packed social scene with visits to the fun places in the area, organized sports and social events, and advice on how to enjoy your free time in these amazing cities with your new friends. Welcome to contact us at email@example.com or on +44（0） 1865 521802! 68. The Mid-IB Summer School is intended for the students who ________.
A. have finished their first year of college B. intend to apply for Oxford University C. don’t know how to spend their summer vacation D, have completed the first year of their IB Diploma 69. What can be inferred from the text? A. Students will visit many fun places around the world. B. A student can at most choose 5 subjects. C. Only students from England and America have access to the school. D. Students can obtain their IB Diploma when they finish their studies. 70. Which of the following about the Mid-IB Summer School is true? A. It begins in July. B. It provides only academic courses. C. It is held in three universities. D. Students attending will study for 5 weeks. 71. The text is most probably a（n）_________. A. news story B. speech C. travel guide D. advertisement E March 22, 20II---Most restaurants in the United States offer their customers a glass of tap water at no charge with their meal, but this week many restaurants are asking dinners to pay a dollar, or more, for a glass of water. Cards on their tables explain that this small amount helps bring clean water to children around the world. It’s called the UNICEF Tap Project. “UNICEF’s Tap Project is really all about bringing attention to the fact that over 900 million people around the globe do not have access to good, clean, healthy drinking water,” says Cary Stem, who heads the US Fund for UNICEF. She adds that water-borne illness is the second-highest cause of preventable childhood death in the world. “Each and every day approximately 4,100 children die just because they don’t have that access - 4,100 every single day.” The public service campaign encourages people to help change that statistic with a simple, affordable action: paying a dollar to get a glass of tap water at a restaurant. “One dollar buys enough good, clean water for a child for 40 days,” Stem says. “The tap project has expanded since it began five years ago with 300 restaurants in New York City. This year, Stem says, about 3,000 restaurants across the country are participating in the campaign. We raised about $2.5 million over the last five years of this campaign,” says Stem. “Last year, we raised over $1 million for the first time. This year we’re hoping to top that.” Stem credits the continued success of the campaign to an army of volunteers who support the tap project and raise money in their communities. The UNICEF Tap Project is promoting its efforts with a simple motto: when you take water, give water. Currently, UNICEF works in more than 100 countries around the world to improve access to safe water and sanitation facilities in schools and communities. Stem hopes that, by participating in the project, more Americans will realize that what they often take for granted is a precious and scarce resource in many other parts of the world. 72. Restaurants began to charge for tap water to _______. A. increase their profit B. urge customers to save water C. raise people’s awareness of the world water problem D. collect money for those without access to safe water 73. We can learn from the text that the Tap Project ________.
A. began in New York City B. was started by volunteers C. is hoping to collect $2.5 million this year D. provides help for 1,000 countries in the world 74. It can be learned that _______. A. the Tap Project began in 2006 B. America suffers a serious problem C. 4,100 children die of water pollution every year D. water-borne illnesses are the biggest killer of children 75. How does Cary Stem feel about the work of the Tap Project? A. Concerned B. Hopeful C. Disappointed D. Angry 第二节 （共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） A hobby is an investment of time. It also can be an investment of money and commitment. Many people choose to develop more than one type of hobby. 76 When it comes to choosing the hobby, consider the following factors. Hobbies are usually an activity of some sort that brings out a certain skill that you have. When you have a talent like painting or woodworking, it can be easy to determine which hobby suits your skill. 77 Skill can be developed and challenged as you go along. It is not a necessary requirement. A hobby is fitting because you love it, not because you’re a professional at it. Some people particularly enjoy taking part in hobbies that they can do in a group with others. It can be a lot more fun to join a hobby group than to sit alone in your basement. 78 It’s important to share interests and network with other hobby enthusiasts that do what you do. Hobbies are generally an activity that you undertake because of the joy it brings you. Of course many people have discovered the joy that also comes with a hobby that earns you a living. __79 Just make sure you make the choice that fits your lifestyle and personal preference. 80 But most of the skilled hobbies like art, building or writing have a series of lessons or tutorials that you can take to further your skills. In some cases it’s a really good idea to take lessons, especially if you are clueless as to where or how to begin. Step by step books for most hobbies can often be found in bookstores as well. A. However, hobbies don’t have to be skill related. B. Most hobbies can easily be done within your own home, at your leisure. C. Look one up or start your own. D. Read hobby books to learn more about your chosen hobby! E. Make a list of things that you enjoy or don’t know about. F. It can be a necessary part of selecting the hobby that is right for you. G. Whether it’s full time, part time or not at all, you must decide if making money you’re your hobby applies to you.
第Ⅱ卷（共 35 分）
第四部分：写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节：短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 增加：在缺词处加—个漏词符号（∧） ，并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（＼）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2、只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 My mother is a teacher work in a key high school. She is too busy that she often has to get up early and stay up late. In addition to this, she hardly has any times to take exercise. She has been on poor health for some time. My father and I are worried that she may fall itl if she works too hard. These days I’m thinking why to develop my mother’s interest in playing sports. Considered that today is Mother’s Day, I decided buy a pair of jogging shoes for her. I secret put them on the desk in her study. When my mother entered into her study this evening, she looked surprised, but she immediately realized my intention. She promises that she would go jogging every evening. 第二节：书面表达（满分 25 分） 假定你是高三学生李华，看到同学们互赠纸质新年贺卡，认为这会造成浪费和污染。请 你根据下列要点写一篇 100 词左右的英语短文向校英语报投稿，建议大家使用电子贺卡 （e-cards） 。 1．方便快捷：电子邮件传送： 2．省钱：网站免费下载； 3．内容非富：可增加音乐动画： 4．环保：不会造成污染浪费。 参考词汇： 动画 animation _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________
单选： 1-10 21-35 完型： 36-45 ACDAD DABCA ACCAB BCABC DDCAB BDBAA 11-20 ADBCD 46-55 BABBA BCADA BCDBB BABDB
阅读： 56-59 68-71 改错：
My mother is a teacher work in a key high school. She is too busy that she often has to get working so up early and stay up late. In addition to this, she hardly has any times to take exercise. She has time been on poor health for some time. My father and I are worried that she may fall ill if she in works too hard. These days I’m thinking why to develop my mother’s interest in playing sports. how Considered that today is Mother’s Day, I decided∧ buy a pair of jogging shoes for her. I secret put Considering to secretly them on the desk in her study. When my mother entered in\to her study this evening, she 去掉 looked surprised, but she immediately realized my intention. She promises that she would go promised jogging every evening.
One possible version
New Year’s Day is drawing near and as usual many of my classmates begin to send paper cards to each other, friends and family. I think it is really a waste of money and it can also cause pollution. So I suggest using e-cards instead of paper-cards. First, it is very convenient to send e-cards. It just takes a click and our friends will receive them in one or two seconds. Second, free e-cards can help us save money. Third, with sound and animation, e-cards are more interesting and lively than paper cards. Last but not least, e-cards are environmentally friendly as no real materials are used. Since they have so many advantages, why not have a try?
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