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一 关系副词:when, where, why,在定语从句中分别作时间、地点 when,指时间: I still remember the day when (on which) I first came to Beijing. I still remember the day whe

n I first came to this school. The time when we got together finally arrived Do you remember the years when he lived in the countryside with his grandparents. 比较:I still remember the day that I spent in Beijing. 填空 :(1) I will never forget the days ( together. (2)I will never forget the days( ) we spent together. ) we spent our holidays

where,指地点: This is the house where (in which) I lived two years ago. The house where I lived ten years ago has been pulled down. I visited the farm where a lot of cows were raised . 比较: This is the house that I bought two years ago. 填空 :(1)I know a place ( ) we can have a picnic.

(2)I know a place( ) is famous for its beautiful natural . (3)This is the place ( )I visited last year. why,指原因:在“reason”后: The reason why he was late is that the car broke down on the way. Please tell me the reason why you missed the plane The reason why he was punished is unknown to us. 比较:The reason that he gave us is not reasonable.

填空 :(1)This is the reason ( ) he told you. (2)The reason ( ) he didn’t come isn’t clear. 用关系词when, where, why, which, that 填空 1. I’ll never forget the days _____________ we worked together. 2. I’ll never forget the days __________ we spent together. 3. I went to the place ______________ I worked ten years ago. 4. I went to the place __________ I visited ten years ago. 5. This is the reason _____________ he was late. 6. This is the reason __________ he gave. 二 介词+关系代词引导的定语从句 (1) 修饰物时用which不用that,修饰人时用whom不用who。 例如:This is the room in which we lived last year. Who’s the comrade with whom you just shook hands? (2)注意:固定搭配,介词不能提前。例如: Is this the book which she was looking for? (3)既可引导限制性定语从句,也可引导非限制性定语从句。 例如: Behavior is a mirror in which everyone shows his image. Life is a piece of white paper, on which everyone can put one or two of their own words down. They arrived at an old church, in front of which stood a big crowd of people. Also present were two of his colleagues, one of whom was (4) 根据从句中的动词搭配 我照顾的那个老人好多了。 The old man after whom I am looking is better. The old man whom I am looking after is better.


(5)根据从句中的形容词搭配 He told me some reference books ____ which I am not very familiar. (6)根据先行词与介词搭配 This is our classroom, in the front of which there is a teacher’s desk. 注意 :若关系连词前有介词,则关系连词不能省略。 This is the doctor of whom we are proud. 练习:1The beautiful dress ____Miss Jones went to the ball

was borrowed from a friend of hers. A.in which C.through which B.worn by D.on which one is a teacher. D.of them

2 The old woman has two sons, A.of who B.of whom

C.of which

3 I still remember the day A.on which

she first wore that pink dress. C.in which writes well. D.which

B.on that

4 I have bought two ball-pens, A.neither of them C.neither of which 5 He built a telescope A.by it

B.none of them D.none of which he could study the skies. C.with that D.in which

B.through which

三 定语从句的其他用法 关系代词作从句的主语时, 从句中谓语动的人称和数要与先行词保持 一致;先行词是句子时,从句的谓语动词用第三人称单数形式。如:

1The recorder that has been given to me is home-made. 2 I, who am your classmate, will share the work with you. 3 one of +复数名词”位于关系代词前作先行词时,从句的动词通常要 用复数;当 one 前有 the (only), the (very)等修饰时,从句的谓语动词 要用单数。如: He is one of the students who have made great progress. Mr Wang is the only one of my friends who has been invited to have dinner with us. 1He is the only one of students who _______(have)passed the exam. 2 I, who __(be)very busy, can’t help at the moment. 3The idea, which I think___(be) reasonable, was brought by Mike.

【2011 浙江卷)1】 1A bank is the place ( )_they lend you an umbrella in fair weather and ask for it back when it begins to rain. A. when B. that C. where D. there 2 Between the two parts of the concert is an interval, _( )_the audience can buy ice-cream. A. when B. where C. that D. which 3 The days are gone( ) _ physical strength was all you needed to make a living. A. when B. that C. where D. which 4【2011 陕西卷)11】I walked up to the top of the hill with my friend, ____ _( )_____ we enjoyed a splendid view of the lake A. which B. where C. who D. that 5〖09 上海〗Mozart’s birthplace and the house _( )__ he composed ‘The Magic Flute’ are both museums now . A. where B. when C. there D. which 6〖09 辽宁〗They’ve won their last three matches. ____( )_I find a bit surprising A. that B. when C. what D. which 7 〖 09 福建〗 It’s helpful to put children in a situation ( ) ___ ___________ they can see themselves differently. A. that B. when C. which D. where 8〖09 浙江〗I have reached a point in my life ( )__I am supposed to

make decisions of my own. A. which B. where C. how D. why 9〖09 重庆〗Life is like a long race( ) _we compete with others to go beyond ourselves. A. why B. what C. that D. where 10 〖09 北京〗—What do you think of teacher, Bob? —I find it fun and challenging. It is a job( ) __ you are doing something serious but interesting. A. where B. which C. when D. that 11 〖08 江苏〗 The Science Museum, ( ) we visited during a recent trip to Britain, is one of London’s tourist attractions. A.which B.what C.that D.where 12〖08 山东〗Occasions are quite rare( ) I have the time to spend a day with my kids. A.who B.which C.why D.when 13We went through a period _________communications were very difficult in the rural areas. A. which B. whose C. in which D. with which 14 Anyway, that evening, __________ I’ll tell you more about later, I ended up staying at Rachel’s place. A. when B. where C. what D. which 15 George Orwell, __________was Eric Arthur, wrote many political novels and essays. A. the real name B. what his real name C. his real name D. whose real name 16 She was educated at Beijing University, __________she went on to have her advanced study abroad. A. after that B. from that C. from which D. after which 17 His movie won several awards at the film festival, __________ was beyond his wildest dream. A. which B. that C. where D. it 18. He was educated at the local high school, __________ he went on to Beijing University. A. after which B. after that C. in which D. in that 19__________ is often the case with children, Amy was completely better by the time the doctor arrived. A. That B. Which C. As D. It

20. This is one of the most exciting football games__________ I have ever seen. A. where B. that C. what D. which 21 The course normally attracts 20 students per year, __________ up to half will be from overseas. A. in which B. for which C. with which D. of whom 22. At last, the thief had to hand in everything__________ he had stolen to the police. A. which B. what C. whatever D. that 23 __________ is known to the world, China’s Liu Xiang became the first Asian in history to win the men’s 110m hurdles at the Olympic Games. A. That B. Which C. As D. It 24. I don’t know the reason__________ you were absent from the meeting, but I am not sure that someone will tell me the reason __________ you haven’t told me. A. why; that B. that; why C. because; why D. of which; that 25. When she came back from abroad, Lucy told us about the cities and the people__________ she had visited. A. that B. who C. where D. which 26 Because of the traffic jam__________ I was caught, I was late for the meeting. A. by which B. in which C. that D. where 27 In my hometown, there is a mysterious dark hole, __________ depth has never been measured. A. that B. where C. which D. whose 28Can you think of some cases _________students obviously know the problems but can’t work them out? A. as B. where C. why D. which


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