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above all 首先,尤其重要的,最重要的 make a choice 挑选,选择 at Christmas 圣诞节时 give sb. a clap 为……鼓掌 get close to 接近 a table cloth 一块桌布 a suit of clothes 一套衣 children's clothing 童装 collect stamps 集邮 come

about 产生,发生 come across (偶然)遇见或发现 come up 走过来;长出,发芽,上升;抬头 in common 共同,共有 compete in a contest 参加比赛 give a concert 举办音乐会 on condition that 条件是 congratulate sb. on sth. 祝贺某人 on the contrary 相反地 out of control 失控 have a conversation with sb. 与……谈话;交谈 in/during the course of 在……期间/过程中 be covered with 被……覆盖 be cross with sb. at sth. 因某事和某人发脾气 cross out 划掉 be cruel to sb. 对……残忍 cubic meter 立方米 be curious about sth. 对……感到好奇 do great damage to 对……造成巨大损害 in danger 处境危险 out of date 过时 the other day 在不久前,前几天 be deaf to sth. 对……充耳不闻 deal with 对付,应付 in debt 负债 out of debt 还清债务 make a decision 作出决定 do good deeds 做好事 do the deed 付诸行动,生效 deep into the night 直到深夜 deep in thought 沉思 deep into the night 深夜 without delay 毫不耽搁,立刻 delay doing sth. 迟迟未做某事 deliver a speech 发表(演说等) meet the demands 满足要求 foreign language department 外语系 department store 百货商店 beyond description 难以形容 be determined to do sth. 决心做某事 with the development of industry 随着工业的发展 devote oneself to 献身于,致力于 be in danger of dying out 处于灭亡的危险中 make no difference 没作用,没影响 have difficulty in doing sth. 做……有困难,难以……be invited to dinner 应邀赴宴 in all directions 向四面八方 make a new discovery 做出新的发现 under discussion 正在讨论中 wash dishes 洗盘子 in the distance 在远方,在远处 be distant toward sb. 对……冷淡 do good to 对……有益 do wrong 做坏事,犯罪 from door to door 挨门挨户 next door 隔壁的 go downstairs 下楼 go downtown 到市区去 drag one's feet 缓慢前进,拖延 draw tears from sb. 催人泪下 dream of doing sth. 渴望做某事 drill a hole in the wall 在墙上钻孔 drive off 赶走 drive sb. mad 使某人发狂 earn money 挣钱 earn one's living 谋生 on earth 究竟 take it easy 别着急,别紧张,放松些 by accident 偶然,无意中 be active in 对(于)……很积极 add up to 合计为 admit one's mistake 承认错误 take/follow one's advice 接受某人的建议 give advice on 就……提出建议 advice sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事 the day after tomorrow 后天 after all 毕竟;终究 against one's will 违心 at the age of 在……岁时 achieve one's aim 实现目标 in the air 在空中;悬而未决 in the open air 在户外,在露天里 at the airport 在机场 the fire alarm 火警 be filled with anger 满腔怒火 be angry at sth. 因某人之言行而生气 be angry with sb. 生某人的气 make an announcement 通知 one after another 相继地,按顺序地 one another 相互,彼此(三者或三者以上之间)each other 相互(指两者之间) give no answer 没有回答 be anxious about 为……而担心 be anxious to do sth. 急于做某事 live apart 分开住 apart from 除了 make/offer an apology to sb.for sth. 因某事向某人认错或道歉 argue with sb. about sth. 与某人争论某事 lay sth. aside 放在一边 ask sb. for advice/help 请某人指点/帮助 be astonished at sth. 惊讶于……at one time 以前,曾经 pay attention to 注意 take a correct attitude towards sth. 对……抱正确的态度 attract one's attention 引起(注意,兴趣等) lie/swim on one's back 仰卧/仰泳 a bad cold 重感冒 two pieces of baggage 两件行李 keep/lose one's balance 保持/失去平衡 at the ball 在舞会上 have/take a cold bath 洗冷水澡 be killed in battle 阵亡 on the beach 在海滩 make the bed 整理床铺 begin with 以……开始 at the beginning of 在…起始,开始 from beginning to end 自始至终 come into being 形成……局面;产生 a safety belt 安全带 Second thoughts are best. 三思而后行 do/try one's best 尽力,尽最大的努力 make the best of 尽量利用,善用 all the best 一切顺利,万事如意 in bold 黑体的,粗体的 be born in a peasant's family 出身于农民家庭 make a bow 鞠躬 use one's brains 动动脑子

break the record 打破纪录 take a deep breath 深吸一口气 hold one's breath 屏息;憋住气 out of breath 上气不接下气 brush one's teeth 刷牙 burst into tears 突然哭起来 a burst of laughter 突然一阵大笑 but for 要不是 a call for help 呼救声 keep calm 保持镇静(别慌) keep quiet 保持安静(别吵)keep still 保持不动(别动)keep silent 保持沉默(别说话) a summer camp 夏令营 go camping 去野营 cannot help doing 情不自禁…… play cards 打牌 take care of 照顾,保管 medical care 医疗护理 in that case 假若那样的话 in case 以防万一 rain cats and dogs 下倾盆大雨 catch up with 赶上(或超过)by chance 偶然 free of charge 免费 in charge 主管,在掌管之下 in the charge of 由……负责 take charge 掌管,负责 cheer up 高兴起来 in one's childhood 童年时 have a great effect on 对……有很大影响 make efforts to do sth. 努力做某事 encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事 make ends meet 量入为出;使收支相抵 a happy ending 美满的结局 English speaking countries 说英语的国家 enter oneself for a contest 报名比赛 the entrance to the theater 剧场的入口 on New Year's Eve 在除夕 even if/even though 虽然,即使 current events 时事 have/take an examination 参加考试 carry out a medical examination 进行体格检查 pass an examination 考试及格 set an example to sb. 为……树立榜样 do morning exercises 做早操 come into existence 产生,成立 carry/do/make an experiment 做实验 make an explanation 作解释,说明 make a face 做鬼脸,装怪相 as a matter of fact 事实上 fail to do sth. 未能……fall behind 落后,掉队 be familiar with sth. 对……熟悉 be famous for 因……而闻名 be famous as 作为……而闻名 feel one's pulse 摸某人的脉 feel like doing sth. 觉得想做……hurt one's feelings 伤害某人的感情 the Spring Festival 春节 have a high fever 发高烧 the field of science 科学领域 in one's fifties 五十多岁时 a key figure 关键人物 fill in the form 填写表格 in a flash 刹那间 a big / great flood 一场大洪水 sweep the floor 扫地 on the third floor 在三层 a building of three storeys 三层楼的建筑 be in flowers 正在开花 fly a kite 放风筝 in a fog 糊里糊涂 make a fool of sb. 欺骗,愚弄某人 at the foot of the mountain 在山脚下 the air force 空军 by force 靠武力,强行 with great force 用很大力气 foreign trade 对外贸易 form a good habit 养成好习惯 try one's fortune 碰碰运气 in fours 每四个一组(一批);四个四个地 a frequent visitor 常客 a fresh hand 新手 make friends with 同……交朋友 from then on 那时起 from time to time 不时地,时常 No pains, no gains. 一份耕耘,一份收获。play games 做游戏 generation gap 代沟 get down to sth. 开始认真(做某事)get into trouble 陷入麻烦 have a gift for music 有音乐天分 give out 用尽,耗尽,筋疲力尽 take a glance at 朝……看了一眼 glare at 向人瞪眼,怒目而视 go out (灯,火)熄灭 go over the lesson 复习功课 score a goal 进了一个球 make mistakes in grammar 犯语法错误 grasp one's meaning 懂某人的意思 keep off the grass 勿踏草地 get into the habit of 养成……的习惯 by hand 用手 hand out 分发 on the one hand...on the other hand 一方面……另一方面…… a handful of 少量的 live a happy life 过幸福生活 do harm to 损害,伤害 a good harvest 一个好收成 keep one's head 保持镇静 in good health 身体好 learn / know sth. by heart 记住某事 keep a tight hold on sth. 紧握某物 catch / take / get hold of 握住;抓住 hold one's head high 趾高气扬 the summer holidays 暑假 on holiday 休假 in honour of 为(向)……表示敬意;为了纪念…… have high hope for sb. 对某人抱很大希望 in the hope of doing sth. 怀着……的希望 be in hospital 住院 an hour or so 大约一小时 go hungry 挨饿 go hunting 打猎 in a hurry 匆匆忙忙 have no idea 不知道 if only 但愿,要是……就好了 make a good impression on sb. 给某人留下好印象 inch one's way forward 慢慢前进 A friend in need is a friend indeed. 患难之交才是真朋友。

inform sb. of sth. 告诉某人某事 insist on doing 坚持要做 inspect a factory 视察工厂 an inspiring speech 激动人心的演讲 in instant need of help 急需帮助 interrupt a conversation 打断谈话 a letter of introduction 介绍信 receive an invitation 收到请帖 a letter of invitation 邀请信 tell a joke 讲笑话 play a joke with sb. 和某人开玩笑 make a journey 旅行 to one's joy 使某人高兴的是 Don't judge a man by his looks. 不可以貌取人。 a junior high school 初中 just then 正在那时 keep in touch with 与……保持联系 keep out of 使……不进入……the key to success 成功的秘诀 kick the door 踢门 kick off one's shoes 踢掉鞋子 go down / fall on one's knees 跪下 knock at the door 敲门 at the latest 最迟,至迟 sooner or later 迟早 burst into laughter 哈哈大笑起来 break / obey the law 违(守)法 make a law 制定一条法律 lay the table 摆设餐具(准备吃饭)lead a simple life 过着简朴的生活 leave out 忽略,遗漏 attend a lecture on 听关于……的讲座 teach sb. a lesson 给某人一个教训 take a lesson from 从……中吸取教训 let out a cry of surprise 惊讶地叫了一声 let out the news 透露消息 a capital letter 大写字母 lie on one's back / stomach 仰卧 /俯卧 come back to life 复活,苏醒过来 traffic lights 交通信号灯 make a shopping list 列一张购物清单 make a living 谋生,度日 lose one's life 丧生,死;牺牲 lose heart 泄气;灰心 lose one's voice 失音 lose a game 输一场 Wish you good luck. 祝你好运。 a washing machine 洗衣机 be mad with joy 欣喜若狂 send the parcel by mail 邮寄包裹 make money 赚钱 make friends 交朋友 make progress 取得进步 make use of 利用 make up a story 编造故事 make up for one's mistake 弥补某人的过失 have good manners 有礼貌 a trade mark 商标 full marks 满分 watch a basketball match 观看一场篮球比赛 have a match 进行比赛 May you success. 祝你成功。May Day 五一节 by this means 通过这种方式 by means of 用……方法,依靠 by no means 决不 make...to one's measure 按……尺寸做 take a measure 采取措施 measure one's height 量身高 get a gold medal 获得金牌 a medical team 医疗队 medical examination 体检 take / have some medicine 吃药 meet the needs of 满足……的需要 meet with a storm 遇到风暴 go to a meeting 去开会 have a meeting 开会 hold a meeting 举行会议 in memory of 为纪念 have no mercy on sb. 对……一点儿也不怜悯 without mercy 毫不容情地;残忍地 at the mercy of 在……支配下;任由……摆布 Merry Christmas! 圣诞快乐! take a message for sb. 给某人捎个信儿 Mid autumn Day 中秋节 millions of 上百万的,许许多多的 change one's mind 改变主意 Mind the wet paint! 当心油漆未干。make up one's mind 下决心 the minister of foreign affairs 外交部长 miss an opportunity 错过机会 make a mistake 犯错误 by mistake 由疏忽所致 in modern times 现代 small money 零钱 have no money with sb. 某人身上没(带)钱 make sb. monitor 选某人为班长 on the early morning 某一天清早 at the top of the mountain 在山顶上 join the navy 参加海军 if necessary 如果有必要的话 in need of help 需要帮助 take on a new look 呈现一片新面貌 hit sb. on the nose 打某人的鼻子 make / take notes 做笔记 have nothing to do with 与……无关 put up a notice 张贴通知 pay no notice to sb. 对某人毫不在意 be in operation 运转着,实施中 place an order for sth. 订购某物 out of work 失业了 a pair of glasses 一副眼镜 the Summer Palace 颐和园 No parking here! 此处禁止停车! take an active part in 在……方面起积极作用 in the past few days 在过去的几天里 be patient with sb. 对某人有托? Practice makes perfect. 熟能生巧。 put on performances 演出,表演 in person 亲自,当面 take a photo of sb. 给某人照相 play the piano 弹钢琴 pick flowers 摘花 pick up a wallet 捡钱包 go out for a picnic 去野餐 a pile of books 一堆书 have / take pity on sb. 可怜某人(因同情而帮助某人)out of pity 出于同情 in place of 代替 take one's place 坐某人的座位,代替某人的职务 take place 举行,发生 take the place of 代替,代理 make a plan 订计划 play cards 玩牌 play a joke on sb. 开某人的玩笑 play with sb. 与……一起玩

on the playground 在操场上 be pleased with 对……感到满意 take pleasure in doing sth. 喜欢做某事 live in plenty 生活富裕 on the point of 正要……的时候 be polite to sb. 对某人有礼貌 be popular with sb. 受某人喜爱 take possession of 占有,拥有 power station 发电站 take power 当权,执政 praise sb. for sth. 因为某事赞扬某人 in praise of 赞扬 be present at a meeting 出席会议 at present 眼下 exchange presents 互赠礼物 under pressure 在压力下 prevent sb. from doing 防止某人做某事 at the price of 以……为代价 at any price 无论花多少代价(不惜任何代价)take pride in 以……为自豪;对……感到得意 primary school 小学 go to prison 入狱,被监禁 be in prison 在狱中服刑 throw / put sb. into prison 将某人送进监狱 escape from prison 越狱 solve the problem 解决问题 answer the question 回答问题 keep one's promise 遵守诺言 make a promise 答应,许下诺言 be proud of 以……自豪 provide food and clothes for one's family 养家糊口 public affairs 公共事务 public opinion 舆论 in public 当众,公开 publishing house 出版社 on purpose 故意地 push aside 把……推到一边 push over 推倒,(风)刮倒 put off 拖延,推迟 out of the question 不可能 a relay race 接力赛 on the radio 通过无线电广播 in rags 衣衫褴褛,穿破衣服 at the railway station 在火车站 light / heavy rain 小(大)雨 a ray of hope 一线希望 reach for sth. 伸手去拿 out of one's reach 够不着 be ready to do 乐意干某事 in reality 事实上 realize one's hope 实现希望 for this reason 为此,为此理由 reception desk 接待处 refer to 参考;谈到 remain in one's memory 留在某人的记忆中 remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事 remind sb. of sth. 使某人想起 by request 应……请求 as a result 因此,结果 be rich in 盛产;有大量的…… get rid of 除掉 rob sb. of sth. 抢走某人某物 play an important role 起重要作用 play the role of 扮演……的角色 make room for 给……腾出地方 be rude to sb. 对某人无礼 run out of 用完 rush hour 高峰时间,拥挤时间 satisfy one's needs 满足某人的需要 save one's strength 节省体力 that is to say 也就是说 scold sb. for sth. 为某事责备某人 take one's seat 就座,坐下 keep sth. a secret 不让人知道某事,保密 seize a thief by the collar 抓住小偷的衣领 shake hands with sb. 与某人握手 shop assistant 店员;营业员 show sb. out / in 领某人出去/进来 show off 炫耀 on the other side of 对岸;在……另一面 take the side of 支持某人(方) take sides in 站在……一边 lose sight of 看不见

catch sight out 看到,发现 out of sight 看不见 in silence 静静地 be similar to 和……类似的 single ticket 单程票 take the size of 量……的大小(尺寸) slip a note into one's hand 偷偷塞给某人一张纸条 slip on the snow 在雪地上滑倒 smooth away difficulties 克服困难 or so 大约 have something to do with 与……有关系 the national song 国歌 speak out 大胆地说,清楚并响亮地说 make a speech 发言,演讲 at a speed of 以……的速度 square kilometers 平方公里 stand for 代表,象征 starve to death 饿死 in a good state 处于良好状态 step by step 逐步地,一步一步地 stick to one's word / promise 遵守诺言 lie on one's stomach 趴在地上 a house of four storeys 四层楼的住宅 be caught in the storm 赶上风暴 be strict with sb. in sth. 对……要求严格 strike a match 擦火柴

struggle to one's feet 挣扎着起来 make a study of 仔细研究 all of a sudden 突然,冷不防 supply sb. with sth. 向某人供应/提供 to one's surprise 使某人惊奇的是 sweat off one's face 擦脸上的汗 sit down to table 坐下吃饭 pay one's taxes 纳税 make tea 沏茶 through a telescope 用望远镜 tell a story 讲故事 tell one from the other 辨别,分清 take one's temperature 量体温 tens of thousands of 数以万计 be terrified at 被……吓了一跳 be thankful to sb. for sth. 因某事感谢某人 throw away 扔掉 throw up 吐出(食物),呕吐 in no time 立刻,很快 traffic jam 交通堵塞 play a trick on sb. 跟某人开玩笑,欺骗某人 be in trouble 处于困境(苦恼)中 a pair of trousers 一条裤子

attend university 上大学 pay a visit to sb. 拜访某人 at the top of one's voice 高声地(喊) at war 在交战 wear out 穿旧;使筋疲力尽 pull out the weeds 拔草 be dressed in white 穿着白色衣服

as a whole 通盘,作为整体 on the whole 总的来说 Where there is a will, there is a way. 有志者事竟成。 be willing to do sth. 乐意做呈?/P> wipe off the dust 擦掉灰尘 make wonders 创造奇迹 no wonder 不足为奇;难怪 get in a word 插话 have a word with sb. 和某人说句话 in a word 总之,简言之



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