Unit2 The Olympic Games
课标 单词 ancient homeland swift compete regular competitor basis gymnasium physical medal host Greece admit poster Greek magical volunteer gymnastics motto bargain r
eplace glory athlete gym fine slave nowadays
hopeless foolish pain deserve 短语 重点 句子 take part in stand for as well in charge one after another 1. I lived in what you call “Ancient Greece” and I used to write about the Olympic Games a long time ago. 2. There are two sets of Games-the Winter and the Summer Olympics, and every four years on a regular basis. 3. No other countries could join in, nor could slaves or women! 一般将来时、现在完成时、现在进行时被动语态
I. Key words 1. admit
vt/vi. ( admitted, admitted) （1）allow sb to enter 允许,接纳
eg. 1)I’m sure he will be admitted to Beijing University. 我肯定他今年夏天将被北京大学录取. 2)He was admitted as a member of the baseball team.（翻译） __________________________________________________ 【归纳总结】
be admitted to 被?接受/接纳 be admitted as 作为?被接纳
（2） 承认,供认 eg. 1)Tom admitted his mistake. 2)She admitted having read the letter. 3)We have to admit that he is clever. 4) You must admit the task to be difficult. 【知识拓展】 allow sth/doing sth/ sb to do sth permit sth/doing sth/ sb to do sth 2.charge vt.to ask sb for a particular amount of money for something you are selling 要求 收费；索价; accuse sb of sth 指责；指控 eg. 1）He charged me fifty yuan for the book.. 2）The police charged the driver with careless driving. 【学以致用】 1)______________________________________ 你补一双鞋多少钱？ 2) He was charged with murder. ______________________________________
【归纳总结】 admit sth/doing sth/that admit sb/sth to be ?
【归纳总结】 ______________________ 为?向某人索价 ______________________ 因某事指控/指责某人 n. the amount of money asked for goods or services 费 用 ; responsibility for controlling or looking after something 主管；负责 eg.1)They fixed my watch free of charge. 2)His boss asked him to take charge of the office for a few days while she was away. 3)Who will be in charge of the department(部门) when Sophie leaves? 4)Class five is in the charge of Mr. Wang. 【归纳总结】 free of charge take charge of in charge of _______________________ _______________________ _______________________
in the charge of _______________________ 3. deserve vi &vt to have earned or to be given something because of the way you have behaved or the qualities you have 应受（报答或惩罚）;值得 eg.1) Good work deserves good pay. 2) He deserved to lose in the competition because he cheated. 3) He certainly deserves to be sent to prison. = He is certainly worthy to be sent to prison. 【学以致用】 She worked day and night and __________________________________________ 她日夜工作，现在她应该得到很好的休息。 4.bargain vi. to try to make someone agree to give you something more favourable for you, such as a better price, or better wages or working conditions 讨价还价；讲条件 eg. We bargained with her about the price. n. an agreement between two people or groups in which each promises to do something in exchange for something else; something on sale at a lower price than its true value 协议；交易；便宜货 eg.1)This amber(琥珀) necklace is a real bargain at such a low price. 2) We made a bargain with the company over the payment. 【常用搭配】make a bargain with sb over sth(经过协商)与某人就某事达成协 5.replace vt to take the place of 代替；取代 eg. 1) Please replace the dictionary on the shelf. 2) Can anything replace a mother’s love and care? 3) I replaced the worn-out tires with new ones. 【学以致用】 1）____________________________________________ 大卫(David)将代替麦克(Mike)参加下周的网球比赛。 2)I’ve owned my car for almost ten years. ________________________________. (replace ? with?) 我的汽车差不多用了 10 年了，我今年要换一辆新车 6.compete vi. take part in a race ,contest, examination ,etc. 比赛；竞赛
eg.1)How many Chinese athletes compete in the 2010 Vancouver [v?n’ku:v?] Winter Olympic Games. 2)Zhou Yang competed with two Korean athletes in the final for the gold medal. 在决赛中，周洋与两名韩国运动员竞争金牌。 【归纳总结】 compete___ 参加 compete ____/____ 与?竞争/比赛 compete____ 为?而比赛/竞争 【知识拓展】 _______________n. 竞赛_____________n 竞争者 ______________adj. 竞争性的,比赛性 的 II. Important phrases 1.stand for 代表，象征，表示，支持，主张 eg.1)The olive branch（橄榄枝）stands for peace. 2)We stand for equality among all nations, big or small. 【知识拓展】 stand against ________________ stand out 2. as well (1 ).as well 相当于 too,用作状语,意为”也” If you go, I’ll go as well. 【易混辨析】 as well/also/too/either as well also too 用于肯定句，只用于句尾。 用于肯定句，常用在句中。 用于肯定句，通常用在句尾， 前面常有逗号；也可用在句中， 前后都有逗号。 either 用于否定句，常用在句尾。 He doesn’t play the piano either. (2).as well as 亦用于同级比较,表示”与??一样好” 。 eg. He plays the guitar as well as you. (3)as well as 连接两个主语时,谓语动词的单复数形式由第一个主语确定。此外，还有 together with, along with, besides(but, except), including, rather than 等也属此 种情况。 eg: I as well as my brother have gone to the Great Wall. III．Difficult sentences: 1. I lived in what you call “Ancient Greece” and I used to write about the Olympic Games a long time ago. 我生活在你们所说的“古希腊” 。我曾经写过很久以前奥林匹 克运动会的情况。 【自主探究】 查词典，判断划线短语在句中的含义。 We used to keep in touch with each other by writing letters
stand by _______________
He plays the piano as well. He also plays the piano. He plays the piano, too.
I’m used to reading stories to my daughter every night and she enjoys it. Wood can be used to make furniture(家具). used to do sth be used to do sth ___________________ ___________________ be used to doing sth ___________________ 2.There are two sets of Games-the Winter and the Summer Olympics, and every four years on a regular basis. 1) two sets of 文中译为“两种” ，一般译为“两套，两组” 2) every four years / every fourth year 每四年/每隔三年 【规律总结】 every+基数词+复数名词 every+序数词+单数名词 every other+单数名词（每隔一个） every few+复数名词（每几个） 【学以致用】 每 两 天 _______________________, ________________________, ______________________ 每几天 ___________________ 3. No other countries could join in, nor could slaves or women! 加，奴隶和妇女也不能参加。 【复习巩固】 1）Nowhere else in the world ______ a place so beautiful. A. you can find B . find you C. can you find D. do you find 别的国家不能参 每??
2）Only ______ that. A. can a doctor do B. a doctor can do C. can do a doctor D. can a doctor does 3）Only in recent years ______ begun to realize that wild dogs, kept within bounds, often do more good than harm. A. people have A. did he speak A. So she do Olympic medals. 阅读下面的分析，翻译上面的句子。 句中 as much ? as ?表示同级比较，意思是“和?一样?” 。to host the Olympics 是不定式作定语，修饰 competition, 意为“争取奥运会承办权的竞争” ，to win Olympic medals 也是不定式作定语修饰 competition，意为“争夺奥运奖牌的竞争” ，as much as ?表示“两个竞争一样激烈。 翻译：____________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________. 5. Her father said that she must marry, so Atlanta made a bargain with him. ? B. since people have B. he spoke B. So is she C. have people C. did speak he C. Nor do I D. people who have D. he speaks 4）So loudly ______ that every people in the next room could hear him. 5）The girl doesn’t like singing and dancing. ______. D. Nor she can 4.There’s as much competition among countries to host the Olympics as to win
1) marry sb 和?结婚，嫁给某人；娶某人 2) marry?to?:使?同?结婚 eg: 1)He married a pretty girl. 2)He will never marry his daughter to anyone whose family is poor. 【知识拓展】 be married (to sb) 和?结婚（强调状态） get married (to sb) 和?结婚（强调动作） eg: 1) How long has she been married to her husband. 2) When did she get married? 【学以致用】 —How long have you________？ —It is about ten years since we________. A．married；married C．got married；got married Grammar 复习各种时态的被动语态： 1．一般现在时被动语态 The classroom is cleaned every day． 2．现在进行时被动语态 The plants is being watered． 语 3．现在完成时被动语态 The work has been finished． 4．一般过去时被动语态 The door was locked(by the boy)． 5．过去进行时主动语态 法 The meals were being severed． 6．过去完成时被动语态 Over 10 songs had been learned(by us)by the end of last week．7．一般将来时被动语态 A lecture on birds will be given． 8 过去将来时被动语态 She said that she was going to be give a pen the next day. I．被动语态注意事项： 动词的语态考核点集中在检测考生对被动语态的含义及其用法掌握上， 被动语态要注意 以下几点： 1．被动语态的构成方式：be+过去分词，口语中也有用“get/become+过去分词的”；被动 语态的基本用法有： (1) be said/told to do sth./have done sth. = It is said/told that... It is said that he has been there three times. He is said to have been there three times. B．been married；were married D．been married；got married
(2)be made/seen/heard/watched to do sth. be heard／watched doing sth． get/become/be+done get paid/worried/excited/changed 2．主动形式表示被动意义 (1)当 feel，look，smell，taste，sound 等后面接形容词；当 cut，read，sell，wear， write 等词带状语修饰语时；当动词表示“开始、结束、关、停、转、启动”等意义时。 The fish ______good．鱼闻起来香。 The book written by that famous writer ______ very well． 那位作家写的书很畅销。 Cotton ______ soft．棉花摸起来非常柔软。 These cups _______easily。这些杯子容易清洗。 Class _______ at eight in the morning． The exhibition doesn't open on Monday． 当 break out，take place，shut off，turn off，work out 等动词表示“发生、关闭、 制定”等意思时。 The light on the wall turns off． The plan worked out successfully． (2)want，require，need 后面的动名词用主动形式表示被动的含义。 These flowers want/require/need watering.这些花需要浇水。 (3)be worth doing 用主动形式表被动含义。 These books ____________ reading．这些书值得读。 (4)不定式的主动表被动 ①当不定式用在作表语的形容词后， 在句中作状语， 而句中的主语又是不定式的逻辑宾 语时， 通常用不定式主动形式表示被动意义。 能带主动语态的不定式而表达被动意义的形容 词常见的有 easy， difficult, heavy， hard， nice， bitter， dangerous， light， interesting， important，expensive，fit，comfortable，pleasant， impossible 等。其句型为 S．+link-v．+adj．+infinitive(主动语态)，类似这种貌似主动 实为被动的系表结构。如； Habits are easy to make but hard to break．(habits 是 to make，to break 的逻 辑宾语) The water is fit to drink． The picture is pleasant to look at． ②所修饰的名词或代词是动词的宾语，而句子的主语也是不定式的逻辑主语时。如： Mathilde only has a small cold room to live in．(Mathilde 是 to live in 的逻 辑主语) He bought some magazines to read．(He 是 to read 的逻辑主语) ③不定式所修饰的名词或代词， 是及物动词的直接宾语。 而间接宾语是不定式的逻辑主 语时。如： Mother always gives her little daughter some picture books to read．(Her little daughter 是 to read 的逻辑主语) The teacher gave the students some paper to write oil． (The students 是 to write on 的逻辑主语)
④当不定式所修饰的名词或代词，是“there be?．”结构句中的主语时(此处用主动 或被动式，一般说来无意义上的不同)。如： There are many problems to work out．(to be worked out) (5)介词形式，被动意义 ① under +介词 This new railway is still under construction． Your suggestion is still under discussion． The house under repair is our classroom building． 常见的这类 under 短语还有：under attack 在进攻中， under consideration 在考虑 中，under construction 在建设中，under discussion 在讨论中， under repair 在修理 中， under treatment 在医治中，under trial 在受审中 3．被动形式表示主动意义 (1)be seated 坐着 He is seated on a bench．(He seats himself on a bench．) 他坐在凳子上。 (2)be hidden 藏着 He was hidden behind the door．(He hid himself behind the door．) 他藏在门后。 (3)be lost 迷路 The girl was lost in the woods． 这女孩在森林里迷路了。 (4)be drunk 喝醉 He was drunk at the dinner．他在酒席上喝醉了。 (5)be dressed 穿着 The singer was dressed in a white short skirt． 这位歌手穿着一条白色的短裙。 4．被动语态与系表结构的区别 被动语态强调动作;系表结构表主语的特点或所处的状态。如： The book was written by a young writer．(被动语态) The book is well written．(系表结构) 【反馈练习】 1. --I'd like to buy that coat. A. it sold A. is building B. it's selling --I'm sorry. ____. C. It's been sold C. been built D. it had been sold D. be building
2. A new house ___ at the corner of the road. B. is being built 3. His new book ___ next month. A. will be published C. is being published 4. The apple ___ very sweet. A. is tasted B. taste C. tastes D. are tasting 5. --What do you think of the TV play? --Wonderful. It is worth ___ a second time. A. watching B. watched C. seen D. seeing 6. How dirty the tables are! They need ___.
B. is publishing D. has been published
A. to clean
Assignment 1 一、单词拼写(每题 1 分) 1 Pausanias said “ No other countries could join in, nor could s__________ or women 2 The first Olympic Games began in a_________ Greece 3 .The Opening ceremony(开幕式) of Olympics is often held in a s___________ 4 Beijing Olympic Games will need many v__________, who want to help without pay 5.Xu Haifeng won the first Olympic gold m_____ in the history of China. 6 Beijing will ________(举办,主办) the 2008 Olympic Games 7 If you are discovered smoking in the stadium, you will be ________（罚款） 8 Every _____________（运动员）wants the opportunity to join in the Olympic Games 9 They_________(登广告) their goods in all the newspapers to make them known to people 10 They are designing the ________(海报) for the 2008 Olympic Games 二、选择词组填空 take part in; stand for; as well; in charge; one after another; for the honour of; every four years; make a bargain; deserve to do sth; volunteer; be admitted to; compete for; be replaced with 1. I am sure that he will ______________ Beijing university this summer. 2. More than 1,000 competitors took part in the competition to __________ the first prize. 3. Every four years, many athletes from different countries _____________the Olympic Games. 4. Every one in our class is fighting _____________________ our class in the competition. 5. I'm coming to London and my sister's coming ______________. 6. The American flag ____________ freedom and justice. 7. John was late again. He ______________ be punished. 8. The monitor will be _______ when the head teacher is away. 9. She ________________ with the bookseller over the price. 10. After the class, the students left ___________________. 二 完成句子 1 他昨天被接受为学校篮球队的一员 He _______________________ a member of the school basketball team. yesterday 2 我们过去常常一周回去一次，但现在习惯于一周回去两次 We __________go home once a week，but we_____________________ home twice a week now. 3 奥运会是每四年定期举办一次 The Olympic Games are often held every four years on a ___________________ Assignment 2
单项填空 1. You should know that these cars are worn-out and must be ______. A. took place B. replaced C. placed D. in place of 2. I'm coming to London and my sister's coming _______. A. as well as B. also C. as well D. as good 3. Do you agree that the American flag _____ freedom and justice（公正）？ A. stands for B. stands out C. stands up D. stands by 4. --- I am afraid Mary is too young to go to Shanghai by herself. --- Don't worry about her. She ____ by her friends as soon as she arrives. A. has been met B. will meet C. is met D. will be met 5. We were surprised that he _____ the composition contest and won a prize. A. joined B. took part in C. attended D. went to 6.The students competed ____ the honor of winning ____ each other _____ the school sports meet. A. for, against, in B. in, with, against C. against, for, at D. about, in, with 7. Don’t worry. I’ll help to _____ the guests. A. hold B. wait C. accept D. host 8. Her mother _______ having read the letter. A. thought B. considered C. admitted D. advised 9. It was lucky for him to be admitted ____ the dream university he had longed for. A. as B. to C. with D. for 10. I went to see a film _____________ last year. A. every three weeks B. every third weeks C. each three weeks D. each three weeks 11. I bought a dress for only 10 dollars in a sale; it was a real ________. (2008·山 东) A. exchange B. bargain C. trade D. business 12. The father as well as his three children ____ skating on the frozen river every Sunday afternoon in winter. A. is going B. go C. goes D. are going 13. The restaurant is _________my uncle. A. in charge of B. in the charge of C. in exchange for D. by the means of 14.When he first got to England, he didn’t like the weather there, but gradually he ___ ___ it. A. used to B. gets used to C. got used to D. is used to 15. ---How long have you _______? ---It is about ten years since we ___________. A. married; married B. been married; were married C. got married; got married D. been married; got married 16. If you study hard, you’ll deserve ______ the coming exam. A. pass B. to pass C. passing D. passes Assignment 3
II. 完型填空（每小题 1.5 分，共 30 分） Mr. West wanted to buy his wife a Christmas present, but he was always very busy, so he was never 1 to find time to go to the shops. At last, when it was the week 2 Christmas, and the shops were very crowded, he 3 that he could not wait any longer. He worked in an office, and 4 had lunch in an restaurant, but one day he bought some sandwiches, ate 5 quickly and went out to a big shop near his office during his lunch 6 . The shop was full of women, who were also buying presents during their lunch hour. Mr. West stood politely at the 7 of a crowd of women who were 8 forward to try to get to the people who were 9 necklaces and earrings. He tried to move forwards slowly, taking his turn with the others, but more and more women were 10 into the shop the whole time and pushing selfishly 11 him. After half an hour, he was 12 as far from the people who were selling the necklaces as he had been 13 he came in, and his lunch hour was coming to an end, so he decided to change his 14 of doing things: he put his head down, 15 a sudden loud shout and started to push his way towards the 16 of the crowd as hard as he could. The women around him became very 17 when they saw what he was doing, and began to 18 him. “Why can’t you behave (表现) like a gentleman?” they shouted. “Ladies,” he 19 to them. “I have been behaving like a gentleman for the past half hour, and it has done me no 20 , so now I am starting to behave like a lady!” 1. A. sure B. certain C. able D. possible 2. A. before B. after C. till D. within 3. A. promised B. decided C. agreed D. insisted 4. A. never B. sometimes C. seldom D. usually 5. A. it B. them C. that D. those 6. A. hour B. moment C. minute D. second 7. A. top B. middle C. edge D. stage 8. A. pulling B. pushing C. gathering D. dragging 9. A. selling B. buying C. choosing D. seizing 10.A.going B. entering C. fetching D. coming 11.A.beyond B. past C. over D. through 12.A.just B. even C. ever D. already 13.A.where B. until C. when D. even if 14A.habit B. way C. act D. sign 15.A.caught B. attempted C. blew D. gave 16 A. center B. end C. front D. back 17.A.patient B. angry C. curious D. nervous 18.A.pity B. protect C. refuse D. scold 19.A.hated B. waved C. explained D. answered 20.A.treasure B. good C. respect D. present
答案： Unit 2 I. Key Words 1.他被接受为棒球队的一名队员。 2. How much do you charge for mending shoes? 他被控谋杀。 charge sb some money for sth charge sb with sth 免费 负责；主管 负责；主管 由?负责/主管 3.now she deserves a good rest. 4. When do you think China will host the World Cup? 他那时不在家，所以由她儿子来招待客人。 5. David will replace Mike in next week’s tennis. I will replace it with a new one. 6. in ; with/against; for n. competition 竞赛 competitor 竞争者 adj. competitive 竞争性的,比赛性的 II. Important Phrases 1. stand against 反对 stand by 站在旁边；旁观；支持 stand out 突出；显眼 III. Difficult sentences 1. 过去常做某事 ； 习惯做某事 ； 被用来做?? 2. every two days/ every other day/ every sencond day every few days 3. CBCAC 4. 国与国之间争取奥运会承办权的竞争跟争夺奥运会奖牌一样激烈。 语法 2. (1) smells, is selling, feels, clean, begins (3) are worth CBACAC Assignment 1 一、1 slaves 2 ancient 3 stadium 4 volunteers 5 medal 6 host 7 fined 8 athlete 9 advertise 10 poster 二、1. be admitted to 2. compete for 3. take part in 4. for the honour of 5. as well 6. stands for 7. deserved to 8. in charge 9. made a bargain 10. one after another 三、1、was admitted as 2、used to ; are/get used to going 3、regular basis Assignment 2 BCADC ADCBA BCBCD B Assignment 3 1-5 CABDB 6-10ACBAD 11-15 BACBD 16-20CBDCB
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