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过去进行时学案


过去进行时
过去进行时和一般过去时的区别 1.A. 进行时表某一行为的―片断‖一般时表示行为的―整体‖和存在的状态。 过去进行时表示在过去某一特定的时间点或时间段正在进行的动作,而一般过去时表示在过 去时间完成的动作? 一般过时往往表示某一动作已经完成,而过去进行时却表示动作在持续或未完成。 I was reading the book at that time. (未

读完,―读‖的片段) I read the book yesterday. (已读完,表整个―读‖) I was typing a letter last night. 昨晚我在打一封信?(可能没打完) I typed some letters last night. 我昨晚打了一些信?(已经打完) She wrote a letter to her friend last night. 她昨晚给朋友写了封信。 (信写完了) She was writing a letter to her friend last night. 她昨晚一直在给朋友写信。 (信不 一定写完) B、一般持续时间状语多与进行时连用 It was raining all night.(优先用 was raining ,rained 为持续动词,故也可使用) He was writing a letter the whole of afternoon. (短暂动词与持续时间连用,表反复, 连续发生,不可用一般过去时) C、while 时间状语从句中用短暂动词时只能用进行时。 例:He broke a chair while he was jumping up and down. D、 While 所在主从句动作大致持续相等时主从句一般都用进行时, 但若是持续动词可都用 一般过去时,两个动作一长一短时短的用一般时,长的用进行时。 I was cooking the dinner while he was playing the piano.(平行) I cooked the dinner while he played the piano. I saw him while I was walking to the station. 2、英语中有四类动词一般不用进行时(不用现在进行时和过去进行时) 通常不能用于过去进行时的动词主要有: agree, be, believe, belong, care, forget, hate, have(拥有), hear, know, like, love, mean, mind, notice, own, remember, seem, suppose, understand, want, wish 等。例如: 误:I was knowing the answer. 典型例题: As she ___ the newspaper, Granny ___ asleep. A. read; was falling B. was reading; fell C. was reading; was falling D. read;fell 1)表心理状态、情感的动词,如 love ,hate ,like ,care ,respect ,please ,prefer ,know 等,若用进行时则词意改变。 I’m forgetting it . (=beginning to forget ) 2)表存在、状态的动词,如 appear ,exist ,lie ,remain ,stand ,seem 等
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正:I knew the answer. 我知道答案。

误:I wasn't understanding him. 正:I didn't understand him. 我不明白他的意思。

3)表感觉的动词,如 see ,hear ,feel ,smell ,sound ,taste 等. 4)表一时性的动词,如 accept ,allow ,admit ,decide ,end ,refuse ,permit ,promise 等。 3、例题 考题 1 As she ____the newspaper ,Granny ____ asleep . A. read /was falling B .was reading /fell C. Was reading /was falling D. read/fell 考题 2 Tom ___ into the house when no one ___ . A. slipped/was looking B. Had slipped /looked C. slipped/had looked D. was slipping /looked 过去进行时练习题 一、 用动词的适当形式填空。 1. While we ____________________ (wait) for the bus, a girl _______________ (run) up to us. 2. I _______________ (telephone) a friend when Bob ________________ (come) in. 3. Jim ______________ (jump) on the bus as it _____________ (move) away. 4. We ______________ (test) the new machine when the electricity ________________ (go) off. 5. She _______________ (not want) to stay in bed while the others ____________________ (all, work) in the fields. 6. While mother _____________ (put) Cathy to bed, the door bell ______________ (ring). 7. As I _______________ (walk) in the park, it _______________ (begin) to rain. 8. Even when she ________________ (be) a child she _________ _____ (already, think) of becoming a ballerina (芭蕾舞演员). 9. It was quite late at night. George ______________ (read) and Amy _______________ (ply) her needle when they ______________ (hear) a knock at the door. 10. There _______________ (be) a group round the fire when they ______________ (reach) it. An old woman ______________ (sit) on the ground near the kettle; two small children ______________ (lie) near her; a donkey _______________ (bend) his head over a tall girl. 二、 选择题。 1. I ______ cooked a meal when you _____ me. a. cooked, were ringing b. was cooking, rang ( ) c. was cooking, were ringing

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d. cooked, rang 2. He said he _____ to draw a plane on the blackboard at that time. ( a. tries b. tried c. was trying d. will try ) 3. While she ______ TV, she ______ a sound outside the room. ( a. was watching, was hearing c. watched, heard a. were watching afternoon? ( ) b. did, read, saw d. were, reading, was seeing b. watched, was hearing ) d. was watching, heard b. watch c. watched d. are watching )

4. They _____ a football game from 7 to 9 last night. (

5. What book ______ you __________ when I _______ you at four yesterday a. did, read, was seeing c. were, reading, saw England. ( a. are getting a. is, thinking, was c. did, think, is a. saw, passed ) b. get c. were getting d. got )

6. It was Friday evening. Mr and Mrs. Green ___________ ready to fly to

7. Lei Feng _____ always _____ of others when he ______ in the army. ( b. was, thinking, is d. was, thinking, was ) b. was seeing, passed d. was seeing, was passing ) b. were waiting, wait d. waited, wait ) ) ) c. was helping d. is helping

8. A girl ______ my pen fall off the table when she _____ me. ( c. was seeing, passed a. were waiting, waiting c. waited, waiting a. helps b. would help

9. We ____ for tom at ten last Sunday. He often kept us ______. (

10. He ____ his father on the farm the whole afternoon last Saturday. ( 11. While mother _______ some washing, I _____ a kite for Kate. ( 12. ―_______ you angry then?‖ ―they ______ too much noise.‖ ( 13. He ____ some cooking at that time, so _____ me. ( ) )

a. did, made b. was doing, made c. was doing, was making d. did, was making a. are, were making b. were, were making c. are, made d. were, made a. did, heard b. did, didn’t hear c. was doing, heard d. was doing, didn’t hear 14. This time yesterday jack _____ his bike. He _____ TV. ( a. repaired, didn’t watch c. repaired, watched classmates. ( a. was getting ) b. gets c. is getting d. will get b. was repairing, watched d. was repairing, wasn’t watching

15. His parents wanted to know how he ___________ on with his new

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三、 用动词的适当形式填空。 1. I ___________ (have) my breakfast at half past six yesterday morning. 2. Mary ____________ (go) over her lessons from six to seven last night. John and peter ____________(do) the same thing. 3. What _________ you ________ (do) at that time? We ________ (watch) TV. 4. Was your father at home yesterday evening? Yes ,he was. He __________ (listen) to the radio. 5. They __________(not make) a model ship when I saw him. 6. _________ they _________ (have) a meeting at 4 yesterday afternoon? No, they _________. They ________ (clean) the classroom. 7. __________ it __________(rain) when you left school? Yes, it ________. (No, it _______) 8. What _________ your father _________ (do) when he was your age? 9. One day, Edison _________ (wait) for a train to arrive, and suddenly a little boy ran to the track(轨道) to play. 10. He asked me if I ___________ (go) fishing that afternoon. 11. The three of them were in a hurry because their plane __________ (leave) in five minutes. 12. In a letter, john told us that he __________ (come) to china next month. 13. When the bell rang, jenny ____________ (wait) in her seat. 14. She ___________ (make) her dress the whole afternoon. 15. While my father _________ (look) through the evening paper, he suddenly __________ a cry. 四、 单项选择 1.My brother ___ while he ___ his bicycle and hurt himself. ( A. fell, was riding C. had fallen, rode A. slipped, was looking C. slipped, had looked A. had seen, was picking C. had seen, picked A. just stared C. has just stared A. has worked B. fell, were riding D. had fallen, was riding ) B. had slipped, looked D. was slipping, looked ) B. saw, picked D. saw, was picking ) )

2. Tom ___ into the house when no one ___. (

3.The last time I __ Jane she ___ cotton in the fields. (

4.I don ' t think Jim saw me; he ___ into space. ( B. was just staring D. had just stared

5.I first met Lisa three years ago. She ___ at a radio shop at the time. ( B. was working

)

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C. had been working

D. had worked )

6.---Hey, look where you are going! ---Oh, I ' m terribly sorry.________. ( A. I ' m not noticing C. I haven ' t noticed A. was traveling C. had been traveling A. had B. I wasn ' t noticing D. I don ' t notice ) B. traveled D. was to travel )

7. The reporter said that the UFO ___ east to west when he saw it. (

8. I ___ my breakfast when the morning post came. ( B. had been having D. was having C. have been having A. was speaking C. had been speaking

9.When I arrived at his office, he ___ on the phone. ( B. spoke D. had spoken

)

10. ― What ' s the matter, Ali? You look sad. ‖ ― Oh, nothing much. As a matter of fact, I ___ of my friends back home. ‖ ( A. just thought C. was just thinking B. have just been thinking D. have just thought )

五.填入以下单词的正确形式。 1. It was warm,so I ______________(take) off my coat. 2. Jane ______________(wait) for me when I ____________(arrive). 3. Sue wasn’t hungry, so she ______________(eat) anything. 4. My brother came into the bedroom while I _______________(dance). 5 . ___________ he ___________(lie) on the ground at nine yesterday evening ? 6. What __________ Jim ______________(write) when the teacher came in ? 7. Mike and I ____________(play) baskteball at that time yesterday afternoon. 8. My brother ___________(fall) while he ___________(ride) his bicycle and hurt himself. 9. I first met Lisa three years ago. She __________(work) at a radio shop at the time. 10.When I arrived at his office , he ___________ on the phone.(speak) 六.按要求进行句型转换。 1. We were having a PE class at four yesterday afternoon.(改为否定句) We ____________ __________ a PE class at four yesterday afternoon. 2. Kate was reviewing her lessons at eight last night. (改为一般疑问句,做肯,否 回答,对划线部分提问)

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3. He ran in the park .(用 at this time yesterday 改写) 4. They were playing computer games at nine last night.( 对划线部分提问) 5. I was reading a novel at three yesterday afternoon.( 对划线部分提问) 七.根据汉语提示完成句子。 1. 他们那时不在打排球。 They _______ ___________ volleyball at that time. 2. 当你回来时,他在看电视吗? __________ he ___________ Tv when you came back? 3. 昨天中午他在哪里等你? __________ he ___________ for you at noon yesterday ? 4. 当我离开时,他正在做家庭作业。 He __________ ___________ his homework when I left. 5. 正当他们扫地的时候,老师进来了。 While they___________ ___________ the floor , the teacher came in. 八、 动词填空。 1.John___________(work) all day yesterday. 2.Mary _____________ (make) a dress when she cut her finger. 3. —What___________you _____________(do) at ten o'clock yesterday? —I_____________(studay) in class. 4 . When Harry ______________ ( have ) breakfast Lily ____________ (telephone) him. 5. When I ___________ (go) to school this morning I ______________ (see) a car running into a bus. 6. This time yesterday Jack ______________ (mend) his bike. 7. I ________________ (write) a letter at ten last night. 8. It was six. The Greens __________________ (have) supper. 9. When you ____________ (knock) at the door yesterday,I ____________ (do) some washing. 10. While my mother ___________ (watch) TV, I ____________(make) a kite. 九、单选 1 What ______ from three to four yesterday afternoon?

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A have you done

B had you done C did you do D were you doing

2 – I call you yesterday evening, but there was no answer. - Oh., I’m sorry I _____ dinner at my friend’s home. A home B had C was having D have had 3 My mother _____ while my father _____TV. A cooked; was watching C was cooked; watched A am listening to B was cooking; was watching D cooked; watched C was listening to D was listening C watch D watched

4 When I got home, my son _____ the music. B listened to 5 We heard a cry when we ______ TV last night. A were watching B would watch 6 She asked him whether he _____ back for lunch. A come B was coming C came D had come 7 Could you tell me when ______? A she is coming A is drawing A makes A will do A left 十、填空 1 _____________ they____________ (feed) the animals at 5:00 yesterday afternoon? 2 Mrs.Green ___________ ___________ (not wash) clothes at this time yesterday. 3 Grandpa ____________ ____________ (mend) his clock when I reached home. 4 As I ___________ (walk) in the park, I saw some children playing games. 综合改错 1. It took Jack two hours climb the mountain . _______ 2. The tomatoes I picked are much more redder than yours . ______ 3. They have never had the chance to be there ago .______ 4. Even he is old , my grandpa works on the farm . ________ 5. You are terrible ill . You’d better stay in bed . ________ 6. The nearest village is about one hundred miles far away ._________ 7. I don’t like going out lonely after dark ._________ B she was coming C has drawn C made C has done C will be come D was drawing D is he coming 8 The teacher ______ when I came into the classroom. B draws 9 The pizza ______ by my mother. Would you like to have some? B was making B was doing D was made D had done 10 Nobody noticed what she ______ at the moment. 11 Was it raining hard when you _____ this morning? B leaves C was leaving D would leave

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8. I’m fed up waiting for her letter . ________ 9. Birds flew back because the fine environment . _________ 10. The students entered into the classroom one by one . ________ 11. His story is more interesting as my sister’s . ________ 12. Please return my dictionary back soon . _______ 13. When he heard the news , he got angrily ._______ 14. They have some problems get there . _______ 15. Tom was just falling asleep then the telephone rang . ________ 16. Sometimes we take walk by the river . _______ 17. Mr More took well care of his car . _______ 18. We are going to Hainan the next holiday . ______ 19. I don’t agree to you , twins . _______ 20. Though children are young , they should be listened carefully . _____ 句型转换 1.The mountain is very beautiful.(改为感叹句) ______ ____beautiful mountain it is! 2.How is the weather in China?(改为同义句) ______the weather ______in China. 3.The boy is the most careless in his class.(改为同义句) The boy is ______ ______than _________boy in his class. 4.He didn't watch TV,his mother didn't either.(改为同义句) _________he ______his mother watched TV. 5.I spent the whole afternoon learning English.(同上) I spent ______ _______ ________learning English. 6.I spent 100 yuan on the coat.(同上) I _____100 yuan _____the coat. I ______100 yuan ________the coat. The coat _______me 100 yuan. 7.He has worked in this school since 2 years ago. (对划线部分提问) _______ _______has he worked in this school. 8.The visitors had a good time in Beijing.(同上) The visitors ___________ ___________in Beijing. 9.He will come back in a week.(对划线部分提问) __________ __________will he come back? 10.He has never been abroad.(改为反意疑问句) He has never been abroad,_____ _____? 12.Don't go alone.(改为反意疑问句) Don't go alone,_____ _____? 13.There is little meat in the fridge.(改为反意疑问句) There is little meat in the fridge,_____ _______? 14.Why not ask the man over there? ______ _________ ______ask the man over there? 15.How many people are there in India? __________ _________ _____________of India?
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