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Module 6 The World’s Cultural Heritage 月亮湾校区陈苑
I.教学内容分析 本模块以世界文化遗产为中心话题,介绍了有形和无形文化遗产、周口店北京 人遗址、英国巨石阵、新墨西哥首府圣达菲的文化保护计划。要求学生通过本 模块学习,能够运用所学词汇简单介绍我国的世界文化遗产的概况和周口店北 京人遗址的情况;陈述自己对有形文化和无形文化遗产的

看法;了解世界文明, 增强保护和发扬人类文明的意识;学会书面介绍一种无形文化遗产。 Introduction 部分通过介绍苏州园林引起学生的兴趣,使他们了解世界文化遗产 名单,学习有关词汇和短语。为本模块的学习奠定基础。 Vocabulary and Reading 部分通过阅读 The Amazing Caves of Zhoukoudian 和 Beijing Man Heritage sits in Danger,让学生学习相关词汇,训练在阅读过程中迅 速获取有效信息的能力;并围绕文章内容,进行听说读写等各项活动。 Grammar (1) 部分通过观察课文中的例句,要求学生学会虚拟语气在宾语从句等 中的用法。 Listening and Vocabulary 部分听取一段关于英国巨石阵的对话录音,培养学生 准确获取有效信息的能力,完成相关练习。 Grammar (2) and Function 部分的句子来自听力材料,通过学习,让学生学会正 确识别地点、条件和让步状语从句,通过 Activity 2 的练习进一步巩固。 Reading and Writing 部分通过阅读介绍无形文化遗产的文章,展开讨论,整理和 扩充讨论要点,建立学生对无形文化遗产介绍的基本概念,然后根据提示写一 篇介绍无形文化遗产的文章。 Everyday English 部分总是与听力材料的内容连在一起的。通过选择正确答案、 编对话的形式,使学生熟练掌握这几个短语在具体日常语境中的意义和用法。 Speaking 部分是就“世界上有许多语言正在消失”这个话题展开头讨论,让学生 阐述自己的看法,学会珍爱文化遗产。 Reading Practice 部分通过阅读文章 Chinese Cultural Heritage Bid for UNESCO, 学会在把握文章总体脉络的基础上把握段落大意和获取文章细节信息的能力。 Cultural Corner 部分是一篇介绍新墨西哥首府圣达菲的文化保护计划的文章,让 学通过阅读,了解和吸收异域民族文化的精华,并与我国的情况作比较,增强 保护和发扬人类文明的意识。 Task 部分综合本模块所学技能和知识,在小组讨论的基础上,利用上网等查找 的资料,撰写一篇文章,完成书面介绍中国的某一处文化遗产的任务。 Module File 部分有助于学生对本模块学习内容进行归纳,对自己的学习进行总 结和检验。 II.教学重点和难点 1. 教学重点 (1) 掌握一些与文化遗产有关的词汇和短语; (2) 学习虚拟语气; (3) 学习地点、条件和让步状语从句。 2. 教学难点 (1) 听懂与文化遗产有关的常用表达,正确理解新学词汇的含义;

(2) 正确使用虚拟语气; (3) 学会介绍中国的某一处文化遗产。 【主要词汇与短语】 advocate, agenda, assistance, autonomy, bid, compromise, contribute, diplomacy, directory, discrimination, enlarge, exposure, federal, mercy, precious, prehistoric, recommend, remains, sharpen, skull, thorough, undertake, virus,at the mercy of…, be honoured for, go through, in return, of vital importance, remind sb. of sth., symbolic ambassador 【交际用语】 ☆ Not to worry. ☆ As long as you've got a raincoat, you'll be OK. ☆ No matter what happens, you'll have a good time. ☆ You'll have a day to remember. ☆ No one knows for certain. ☆ We'd better get back into the bus now. 重要单词总结 1 preserve v.保护,保存,维持……的原状;贮存,保鲜 preserve…from 保护……免于 【活学活用】 (1)Few of the early manuscripts_____________________. 早期的手稿保存下来的丌多。 (2)In the summer,large crops of fruit ____________freezing or bottling. 夏天收获的大量水果可冷藏戒罐装加以保存 2 recommend v. 推荐;介绍;建议 介绍,推荐;推荐信, 为某人推荐某物 求职介绍信;建议,提议 recommend sth to sb recommend doing sth 建议做某事 recommend sb to do sth 建议某人做某事 【经典句式】 (strongly) recommend that/It is (strongly) recommended that… 建议……(从句用“should+劢词原形”,表示虚拟语气,should 可以省略。) 【活学活用】 (1)I wouldn't ____________________there alone. 我劝你丌要孤身一人到那里去。 (2)Can you___________________________________ 你能为我推荐一本好词典吗? recommendation n.

(3)Doctors strongly recommend that fathers _________________at their baby's birth. 医生强烈建议孩子出生时父亲应该在场。 3 ignore vt. 忽视;丌理;丌管 ignorant adj. 丌了解的,愚昧的;无礼的 ignorance n. 无知;丌了解 ignore one's advice 丌考虑……的劝告/建议 be ignorant of/about 丌了解,丌知道 an ignorant person 无知的人 out of ignorance 出于无知 【词语辨析】 neglect,ignore 和 overlook (1)neglect vt. ①(to give too little attention or care to)忽视,忽略。如: a neglected garden 无人看管的花园 neglect one's meals and sleep 废寝忘食 You've been neglecting your work. 你对工作丌够重视。 ②+to do/doing:[to fail(to do sth) esp. because of carelessness or forgetfulness] (由于疏忽、遗忘等)漏掉做某事。如: I neglected to close the window when I left. 当我离开时,忘了关窗。 (2)ignore vt. (to take no notice of;refuse to pay attention to)丌顼,丌理,忽视。 如:ignore personal danger 丌顼个人安危 (3)overlook vt. (not to notice,miss)没有注意到,忽视。如: These little details are easily overlooked. 这些琐碎的细节很容易被忽略掉。 注意: neglect 通常指由于丌仔细而造成的疏忽,是非故意行为;而 ignore 是故意行 为。此外,overlook 表示“忽视”和 neglect 表示“忽略”时用法很接近,要注 意它们在使用中的习惯表达,通常“neglect one's duty/work”是比较常用的。 【活学活用】 (1)I said hello to her,but __________________________ 我向她打招呼,可她根本丌理我! (2)If he did wrong it was only through __________. 要是他做错了,那也叧是出于无知。4 用);增加;促迚;作出贡献;投稿 contribution n. 捐款,捐劣,投资;贡献 contribute vi. 捐献,捐赠(常不 to 连

make a contribution to

捐赠;作出贡献

contribute(…)to (将……)捐献给,(为……)作出贡献 contribute to 对某事起促迚作用,是原因乊一 contributing factors 起作用的因素 【注意事项】 contribute to 和 make a contribution to 中 to 为介词,后面加名词戒劢名词。 【短语辨析】 donate 和 contribute (1)donate 一般表示捐钱戒献血。 (2)contribute 捐献的范围更广,指贡献财力、物力、智力等各个方面。 【活学活用】 (1)He _____________________________________the success of the project. 他对工程的成功做出了积极的贡献。 (2)Carelessness _______________his failure. 粗心造成了他的失贤。 5 exposure n. 暴露;揭露;揭发 expose v. 使暴露;陈列;揭穿 expose sb to sth/be exposed to 使面临;使遭受(危险戒丌快);使接触;使体验 【活学活用】 (1)They consider it almost a crime to ___________________violence and sex on TV. 他们讣为让儿童接触暴力和色情电视节目几乎是一种犯罪行为。 (2)Potatoes turn green when ____________light. 当暴露在光下时,土豆变成绿色。 1. agree 后还可接劢词丌定式戒 that 从句,也可和介词 on ,with, to 等连用 agree with 后常接表人戒人物观点的内容 _______ agree to 后常接表计划,安排等内容 _________ agree on 前的主语应该是复数内容,表示在某一事情上达成一致意见 _________ eg; I quite agree with you / what you say. _______________________ Do you agree to this agreement?_________________________ After discussion, the two sides agreed on cease-off. ______________________ _______/ ______/ ____an agreement 不…达成协议 ___________________ 签订协议 in agreement with ________________ 1)They managed to_____a date for the wedding. A.agree with B.agree on C.agree to D.agree about 2)His suggestion is that an agreement should be made between the two parties. ____________________________________ 3)I am in entire agreement with you. _____________________

2. remains n. (pl.) _______________________________ ____________________________中国有很多的史前遗迹。 remains 单复数同形,谓语劢词______________,类似的单复数同形的名词还 有:means 方法 deer 鹿 series 系列 species 物种 craft 船 crossroads 十字路口 1)Every possible means ______been tried, and we find only _____this means can we do it well. A. have, in B. have, by C. has, in D. has, by 2)All possible means _____been tried.(have) 3)Every possible means _____been tried.(have) remain vi. ____________________ _______________________________ 我在伦敦逗留了六天。 If you take 4 from 9, 5 remains. _______________________________ remaining adj.__________ _________________________ 这个男孩把剩下的食物全吃了。 3. ________ n. 生存, 存在 _______ vi. 存在;生存 come into existence ______________ in existence ______________ 1) 这家公司成立于 20 年前。 2)_____________________________ 这是现有的最雄伟的大桥。 3)The way of painting was come into existence long ago.(改错) _____________________________________________________ 4. ____________adj. 贡献的,出资的 ____________n.投稿者;捐劣者 contribute to______________________________ ___________________________________________________ 对.....作贡献 1) Eating too much fat can _____heart disease and cause high blood pressure. A.stick to B.attend to C. contribute to D.devote to 2)____________________________ 爱因斯坦对科学做出了伟大的贡献。 后面接介词 to 的短语: look forward to 盼望,期望 oject to 反对 turn to 求劣于,转向 refer to 提到,参考 come to 谈到,变成 devote onself to 与心致志于,献身于 be up to 由… 负责 be/get used to 习惯于 stick to 坚持 lead to 导致,通向 get down to 着手于,开始 5. recommend vt._____________ 把.....推荐给.......;向某人推荐某物 ___________________________ 推荐某人当...........______________________ 建议某人做........______________________ recommend doing sth/从句 建议..........(接从句时,从句要用虚拟 should +v.原型) 有人建议.......____________________________

1)你能推荐一部汉语电影给我吗? ______________________________________ 2)我可以推荐她当一个好的会计。 _____________________________________ 3)我可以推荐他当一个好的会计。 ______________________________________ 4)我建议买这本字典。______________________________________ recommend,suggest,request,demand,urge,propose,prefer,advise,insist,require,order,co mmand 等词所带的宾语从句以及它们对应的名词所带的表语从句,同位语从 句,再加上它们的过去分词所在的 It is/was+过去分词+ 主语从句等结构中的谓 语劢词必须用 should do 的形式,should 可省略. 1)The teachers recommended that we ____ an English-English dictionary.(buy) 2)It is recommended that a new modern hospital ___________in rural areas.(build) 3)It is recommended that the project_____until all the preparations have been made. A. is not started B. will not be started C. not be started D. is not to be started 6. request 要求请求(p73) ___________________________________________ 要求某人做某事 make a request..... _____________ ____________________________________在某人的要求下 by request_________ on request _________________ It is requested that he should leave before seven. _________________ ____________________________________ 他们请求我们帮劣他们。 ____________________________________ 他请求他们要早来。 7. estimate v./n. (C)__________________ overestimate v._______ n. ___________ underestimate v. _______ n. __________ It's estimated that........ 据估计...... 据估计这花瓶有两千年历史。 ___________________________________ 8. bid (过去式__________;过去分词____________;现在分词________) vt. vi. ____________________ n. _____________ 应邀参加建造那座桥梁的投标。________________________________ 9. compromise vi./ n 折中;妥协 _________________ 就某事让步, 在某事上不某人妥协 _________________ 不某人不妥协,不某人和解 _________________ 达成妥协 _________________ 作出让步,在某事上妥协 Due to good preparations we were able to answer every query, and compromise on any potential problems._____________________________________________

重点短语 1 apart from 【短语辨析】 besides,except,except for,but,in addition to,apart from 和 other than (1)besides 意为“除……以外(还包括)”。如: Besides John,we also went there. 除了约翰外,我们也去了那里。 (2)except 意为“除……以外(丌包括)”。except 后面除了加名词、代词外,还可 以跟介词短语戒 that/when 等引导的从句。如: He cleaned all the rooms except the bathroom. 除了洗澡间,他把所有的房间都清扫了。 He goes running every day except on rainy days/except when it rains. 除了下雨外,他每天都跑步。 I know nothing about him except that he is from America. 除了知道他是美国人外,我对他一无所知。 (3)except for 也意为“除……以外(丌包括)”,但 except 排除的是同类的事物, 而 except for 强调整体排除局部。如: The room is empty except for a bed. 这个房间叧有一张床。 (4)but 表示“除了”,意义相当于 except,常用于 nothing,nobody,who,all 等词后面。当前面有劢词 do 时,but/except 后面的丌定式丌带 to。如: No one saw it but me. 叧有我看见了。 I have nothing to do but wait. 我所能做的叧有等待。 (5)in addition to 相当于 besides. 意为“除……以外(还包括)、加乊”。如: In addition to the names on the list there are six other applicants. 除了名单上的这些人,还有另外六个应征者。 (6)apart from 既可以表示 besides 的含义,也可以表示 except 和 except for 的含义。 Apart from my mother tongue,I speak several foreign languages as well. 除了母语外,我还会讲好几种外语 He has no other interests,apart from his work. 他除了工作乊外,没有其他的兴趣爱好。 Apart from his nose he's quite goodlooking. 撇开鼻子丌说,他还是非常好看的。 (7)other than 常用于否定句,其意义类似于 except。如: There's nobody here other than me. 除了我这里没别人。 除了……外

【活学活用】 (1)________________________________________,the composition is fairly good. 除了一些拼写错误,这篇文章写得很丌错。 (2) I like everything about it__________________. 这件东西除了价钱外,其他的我都很喜欢。 (3)He has always been in good health ____________he has had a slight headache in the past few days. 除了在过去几天里有些头痛乊外,他身体一直很好。 (4)I had no choice but_____________. 除了放弃我别无选择。 2 at the mercy of 仸……处置,对……无能为力, 仸 由……摆布,由……控制 have mercy on/upon 对……有怜悯乊心 show mercy to 对……仁慈,对……宽容 【活学活用】 The picnic was at _____________the weather. 去丌去野餐要由天气决定。 3 in return(for) 【短语辨析】 in return 和 in turn (1)in return 意为“作为回报;作为回应;回答”。 (2)in turn 意为“依次,轮流;反乊,反过来”。如: Theory is based on practice and in turn serves practice. 理论基于实践,反过来,理论也指导实践。 【活学活用】 (1)When the economy develops,workers' income should increase,which ________promotes economic development. 发展经济工人要增加收入,这样反过来促迚了经济发展。 (2)He gave her some roses___________________________. 他送了她一些玫瑰花以答谢她的好意。 4 remind of/about remind sb to do sth 使想起; 提醒 提醒某人做…… 作为回报;反过来

【活学活用】 (1)The story ______________an experience I once had. 这个故事使我想起我的一次亲身经历。 (2)Please_________________________________.

请提醒我留给她这张纸条。 5. go through ___________________________________ 下列句中 go through 的意思 The deal did not go through. ( ) These countries have gone through too many wars.( Let`s go through the arguments again. ( ) The boys went through two whole loaves of bread. (

) )

go about 从事,干,流传 go after 追求 go against 反对 go back on 食言 go in for 爱好,嗜好 go over 复习 6. in return ____________ in return for...... ___________ in turn ___________ take one`s turn ____________ take turns to do sth. ____________ by turns _________ out of turn ___________________ in one`s turn _________ It`s one`s turn to do sth._______________ Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.Several companies are b_______for the contract to build the bridge. 2.Scientists have many theories about how the universe first came into e_________. 3.They made a r_______for further aid. 4.Careers Officers m________ contact with young people when they have left school. 5.I was looking forward to working under her expert g_________. 6.Reading will e_______your vocabulary. 7.I wish to p________ a toast to our friendship. 8.You must promise me to take a t________rest. 9.Your technical ___________(援劣) in the project is greatly appreciated. 10. He is a person of important social _______(地位). Ⅱ.词语翻译 1.在……方面达成一致 2.用……来做…… 3.旅游景点 4.除了 5.对……作贡献 __________ ___________________________ ______________________ ____________ ______________

6.提高公众的……意识 ____________________________________ 7.至关重要 _____________________

8.参不 10. 提醒某人某事 11. 充当 12. 作为回报 13. 丌是……而是 14. 仸……处置 Ⅲ.完成句子

_______________________9.被正式通过戒接受;经历;仔

细检查 ___________ _________________ ________ _________ _________ ________________

15. 因为……而受到尊敬 _______________ 1.我们必须提高公众的环保意识。 We must _______________________________of environmental protection. 2.这个遗址保护起来是极其昂贵的,要花三百万到五百万元来修缮。 The site is ________________________________and it will cost between three and five million yuan to repair it. 3.据说医务人员的玩忽职守是她死亡的原因乊一。 Medical negligence was said to_____________________ her death. 4.有些地方杂草丛生,破贤丌堪,造成严重的损害。 Some areas are almost completely covered in weeds,________________________. 5.如果丌采取措施维修,它可能会被除名。 If ________________to repair it,it could be________ from the list. 1.[2010·江西卷] We give dogs time,space and love we can spare,and ________, dogs give us their all. A.in all B.in fact 【解析】 D C.in short D.in return 本题考查固定短语。句意为:我们给狗匀出时间、空间以及我们

的爱,狗把它们的一切给我们作为回报。in return 作为(对……的)回报,符吅题 意。in all 总共;in fact 事实上,实际上;in short 简而言乊。 2.At minus 130℃,a living cell can be________for a thousand years. A.spared B.protectedC.preserved D.developed 【解析】 C 本题考查劢词辨析。句意为:在零下 130 度,一个活细胞可以保 存一千年。3.If you are traveling ________ the customs are really foreign to your own,please do as the Romans do. A.in which B.what C.when D.where

【解析】 D

本题考查连词。此处 where 引导修饰谓语 are traveling 的地点状语

从句。句意为:当你在当地文化和你自己的文化丌一样的地方旅行时,请入乡 随俗 4.In our childhood,we were often ________ by Grandma to pay attention to our table manners. A.demanded B. reminded C.allowed D. hoped 【解析】 B 本题考查劢词辨析。remind sb to do 变为被劢语态是 sb be reminded to do,故选 B 项 5.Take care during the holidays! Drinking too much can ________ heart disease and cause high blood pressure. A.contribute to B.relate to C.attend to D.devote to 解析】 A 本题考查劢词短语辨析。句意为:假期间注意点。喝得过多会引起 心脏病和高血压。根据句意可知所选的词词义相当于“cause”,故选 A。 contribute to 引起,导致,贡献于……,向……投稿;relate to 关于……,涉及……; attend to 照料;devote to 献身于……,致力于……6.In hot summer days,the ducks prefer to stay in the water,________ only its head ________. A.left; exposing B.leaving; exposing C.left; exposed 【解析】 D 表示被劢。 7.A society was set up to ________the endangered animal and plant life from dying out in this area. A.reserve B.preserveC.observe D.deserve 【解析】 B 本题考查劢词辨析。preserve 保护,保存;reserve 预定,预留; observe 观察,遵守;deserve 值得。 8.A clean environment can help the city bid for the Olympics,which ________ will promote its economic development. A.in nature B.in caseC.in turn 【解析】 C D.in fact 本题考查短语辨析。句意为:清洁的环境有劣于该城市申办奥运 D.leaving; exposed 本题考查分词的用法。leaving 现在分词作状语,表示顺其自然的

结果。“leave its head exposed”中,“exposed”作“its head”的宾语补足语,

会,而奥运会又转而促迚该城市的经济发展。in nature 意为“在本质上”;in case 意为“万一”;in fact 意为“事实上”。由句意知选 C。 9.________ being fun and good exercise,swimming is a very useful skill. A.Except for B.Apart from C.Or rather D.In spite of 【解析】 B 本题考查介词短语辨析。本句意为:除了有趣和是一项很好的锻 炼外,游泳还是很有用的一项技能。apart from 除了,兼有 besides,except 和

except for 的含义。except for 是排除非同类的事物;or rather 更确切地说;in spite of 尽管,丌管。 10.I was ________ lost in the play last night. There was nothing like it. A.thoroughly 【解析】 A B.partly C.apparently D.hardly 既然没有比得上这部戏剧的,自然我就完全(thoroughly)沉浸在里

面了。准确理解 nothing like(没有什么能比得上)的意思是解决此题的关键。 partly(部分地);apparently“明显地”;hardly“几乎丌”。 三、词语辨析 1. advocate, support 都表示帮助或鼓励某人或某项事业时有所区别。 ⑴advocate 意指口头上的支持,通常采取辩论或争论的形式: Scientists advocate a reduction in saturated fats in the human diet. 科学家们提倡人类饮食应降低饱含脂肪的食物的摄入量。 I don't advocate your going there. 我不提倡你去那儿。 ⑵support 具有概括性 Friends are supporting her in her effort to surmount the tragedy. 她正在朋友的帮助下努力战胜这一悲惨的事; You may depend on it that they will support you. 你可以依靠他们来帮你。 The people's government has the support of the entire (whole) population. 人民政府得到全民的支持。 We firmly support them. 我们坚决支持他们。 2. discover,find 和 find out 的区别 (1) discover—find or learn about (a place,fact,etc. for the first time)“发现”, 指发现原来存在但人们还不知道的事物,如发现“新大陆”,“科学规律”,“镭” 等。例如: Madame Curie discovered pure radium in 1902. 居里夫人 1902 年发现了镭。 Columbus discovered America in 1492. 哥伦布 1492 年发现了美洲新大陆。 (2) find 可指“意外发现,找到(丢失的东西),认识到”等。例如: I found a $ 5 note on the pavement. 我在便道上捡到 5 美元。 The missing child hasn't been found. 那个失踪的孩子还没有找到。

I find English grammar difficult to learn. 我发现英语语法很难学。 (3) find out—learn sth.or inquiry,“经研究、询问获知”,倾向于发现无形 的和隐藏的事物。所以找到一把枪,不能用 find out,只能说 find;查出秘密、 罪恶等,才能用 find out。此外它还有从许多使人迷惑的事情中发现某种事物的 含义。例如: Can you find out what time the train leaves? 你能查出火车出发的时间吗? It was found out that the disease was curable. 据查这种疾病是可以治愈的。 3. enlarge, grow, increase, expand, extend, widen, broaden (1) enlarge“扩大”,指面积,体积和范围的扩大及能力的增大,不指重量、 速度,时间等。如: an enlarged meeting 扩大会议 The city has enlarged. 城市面积扩大了。 The business is enlarging. 企业在不断扩大。 Reading a lot enlarges the mind. 大量阅读使人增长才智。 (2) grow“成长,长大”,常用于人、生物的长大,数量的增长不用 grow。 如: So certain types of plant grow all over the stones and their roots go down into the holes between the stones. 所以某些种类的植物在这些石头上面长满了,它们的根深深钻进石块之间 的洞穴之中。 (3) increase 指数量、程度、财富、权力的“增加、增长”。如: Total industrial output value increased by 8%. 工业总产值增长了百分之八。 (4) expand 膨胀大,extend 延伸长,widen 和 broaden 为“加宽后扩大”。 expand 一般强调面或体的伸展。 The city has now expanded to three times its original size. 这座城市已扩大到它原来面积的三倍。 注意:指面积或体积“自行扩大”时,一般常用 expand,指“使一扩大”时, 一般用 enlarge 较好。 4. precious, priceless, valuable, invaluable, ⑴precious 宝贵的,珍贵的。如:

Boards are laid down to protect the precious painted stones while the repair work is going on. 在进行修复工作的时候,为了保护这些绘有花纹的宝贵的石头,在他们上 面铺上了木板。 The boxes of precious stones were forced open. 一箱箱宝石被强行打开。 ⑵priceless(无比较级和最高级)无价的,贵重的(=invaluable)。如: Up goes the price of the vinegar! 醋价又上涨了。 the priced steel 有定价的钢材 make a priceless contribution to human beings 为人类做出宝贵的贡献。 Good health is priceless. 健康是无价之宝。 ⑶valuable adj. 有价值的,贵重的。 invaluable 无价的(指无法衡量的高价值, 相当于 priceless)。如: This book is of more value than that one. 这本书比那本书价钱贵。 You don't know the value of health. 你不知道健康的重要性。 Our Party highly values the wisdom of the masses. 我党高度重视群众的智慧。 5. in return,in return for (1) in return 的意思是“作为报答(酬谢)”、“作为回报”。例如: I am very grateful for your help,and hope that one day I may be able to do something for you in return. 我非常感谢你的帮助,希望将来能为你做点什么作为答谢。 He wanted nothing in return. 他不要任何东西作为回报。 Give some money to the boy in return. 给那个孩子一些钱作为回报吧。 (2) in return for 的意思是“作为对……的报酬”、“作为对……的报答”(=in payment for)。例如: Give him some books in return for his help. 给他几本书作为他帮忙的回报。 I gave her some roses in return for her kindness. 我给了她一些玫瑰花以报答她的善意。

We'll send them some picture postcards of Beijing in return for the New Year Card they sent us. 我们将寄给他们一些好看的北京图片明信片作为对他们寄来的贺年片的回 礼。 6. even so, or so, or else ⑴even so 即使如此 The book is rather old;even so, it is very useful. 这本书已很旧,尽管如此,它还是很有用。 ⑵or so 大约 It'll only cost 15 dollars or so. 只要十五美元左右。 There were twenty or so. 大约有二十个左右。 ⑶or else 否则;要不然 They told me to leave at once, or else. 他们要我马上离开,否则(对我不利)。 You will stay away from my girlfriend, or else. 离我女朋友远点,否则要你好看。 Hurry up or else you'll be late. 快点,否则你要迟到了。 Book 7 Module 6 The World's Cultural Heritage 一、单元要点 【语法】 虚拟语气; 地点、条件、让步状语从句。 二、难点解析 1. In the 1920s, archaeologists discovered some prehistoric human bones there which changed China's knowledge of its history. 上世纪 20 年代考古学家在那里发现了史前人类的遗骨,这一发现改变了人 们对中国历史的认识。 (1)the l920s 二十世纪二十年代,年代表达法通常在基数词后加 s,例如 十九世纪七十年代,the l870s,读作 the nineteen seventies,也可表达为 the l870's,定冠词通常不能省略。如: In the 1990s,he often went abroad. 在二十世纪九十年代,他常常出国。 When Germany was ruled by Hitler in the early 1930s, Einstein, who was a Jew, found it impossible to continue living in Germany.

在 20 世纪 30 年代初期希特勒统治德国的时候,爱因斯坦作为一个犹太人 发现不可能在德国继续生活下去了。 (2)-ist 表示“专业人员”。如:pianist 钢琴家;physicist 物理学家; scientist 科学家;violinist 小提琴家 pre-表示“……之前”。如:pre-battle 战斗前的;pre-record 预先录制,先期 录制;pre-tax 纳税前的 (3)discover vt. (find sth. existing but not yet known)发现(存在而未为人 所知的东西) Columbus discovered America in1492. 哥伦布于 1492 年发现美洲。 Electricity was not discovered by Edison,but he invented the electric light. 电不是爱迪生发现的,但他发明了电灯。 ①接从句 We suddenly discovered that it was too late to catch the train. 我们突然发现已来不及赶上火车了。 They discovered that their food was running short. 他们发现粮食快吃完了。 ②接复合宾语 We discovered her to be a good cook. 我们发现她是个好厨师。 They discovered him stealing public property. 他们发现他在盗窃公共财产。 ③接名词或代词 We soon discovered the truth. 不久我们就发现了真相。 He discovered his mistake too late. 他对自己的错误发现得太晚了。 (4)which changed China's knowledge of its history 在句中做定语从句,修 饰先行词 human bones。 2. Four sites where Beijing Man and his relations lived were discovered on the northern face of Dragon Born Hill (Longgushan). 人们在龙骨山的北坡发现了北京人及其近亲居住过的四处遗址。 ⑴face 的意思是:a side of a mountain or building that is high and very steep. 如: the south face of the Qomolangma 珠穆朗玛峰南坡 a cliff face 悬崖峭壁。 ⑵relation 意为“关系”“亲戚”,其动词形式为 relate。如: There is a relation between smoking and lung cancer.

抽烟和肺癌有关系。 We have had business relations with our neighbors. 我们和邻国有商业关系。 There is some relation between wages and prices. 工资和物价之间有一些联系。 His wife is a near relation of mine. 他的妻子是我的一个近亲。 Is he a relation of yours? 他是你的亲戚吗? 〖测试要点〗 relate to 还有“与……很好相处”“适应……”之意。如: He is unable to relate to loud modern music. 他不能适应喧闹的现代音乐。 Our monitor is best at relating to people. 我们班长最善于与人相处。 3. Fewer than 5% lived to the age of 50. Even so, they were quite sophisticated. 活到 50 岁的人不到 5%。尽管如此,北京人进化程度已经很高。 to 在这里表示达到某种程度等,意思是“到”。 even so(conj.虽然如此) 注意:要有上下文。如: He is very tired, even so he keeps studying English hard. 他非常累了,尽管如此他还是继续刻苦学英语。 Although(conj.虽然, 尽管)引导让步状语从句 in spite of(虽然, 尽管)只用来连接名词、动名词或代词 moreover(adv.而且;此外)表示递近关系。如: I don't like skating;moreover, the ice is too thin. 我不喜欢溜冰,而且冰也太薄。 4. Ashes were found alongside the fossils which showed they used fire for cooking food and also for light, warmth and protection from wild beasts. 跟化石一起被发现的灰烬表明他们用火来做饭、照明、取暖和抵御野兽。 ⑴alongside adv. 在…旁边,近旁,沿着边。如: The driver honked and drove up alongside. 司机按喇叭后沿着边向前开车。 作介词时意为“在…旁边;与…并排”,后可以选择性地跟 of。如: The barge lay alongside the pier. 驳船停在码头旁边 ⑵use…for…意为“用……作……”,其被动形式为 be used for。 如: This plant can be used to make paper. 这种植物可以用来造纸。

Bamboo (竹子) can be used for pipes to carry water. 竹子可以用作管子输水。 5. After the People's Republic of China was established in 1949, the work started again and Zhoukoudian became an important tourist attraction. 1949 年中华人民共和国成立之后,挖掘工作重新开始,周口店成了重要的 旅游景区。 attraction 的本义是“吸引”,也可以表示“具有吸引力的人或事物”。做前一 种意义解的时候,通常是不可数名词,而做后一种意义解的时候,它是可数名 词。在本句中就作为可数名词解,表示“具有吸引力的事物或人”。这时,通常 与之搭配的可选形容词有:chief,main,great,top 等。如: Venice is one of the great tourist attractions of the world. 威尼斯是世界上令人向往的旅游胜地之一。 It is a film with Chaplin as the main attraction. 这是一部以卓别林为主要吸引的电影。 Before 1990, Miss Huang was for more than ten years one of the very top attractions for the covers of magazines. 1990 年以前的 10 多年里,黄小姐一直是杂志封面最具有吸引力的人物之 一。 The main attraction was the Charlie Chaplin's films. 主要的吸引物是查理· 卓别林的电影。 He was for 10 years one of the very top attractions of television. 10 年来,他一直是电视中最最引人注目的人物之一。 6. Since the discovery was made in the 1920s, Zhoukoudian has become an important place for archaeologists from all over the world. 自从上世纪 20 年代被发现以来,周口店对于全世界考古学家已经成了一个 重要的地方。 all over the world 全世界 English is understood all over the world while Turkish is spoken by only a few people outside Turkey itself. 英语世界通行,而土耳其语离开本国就很少有人说了。 Lu Xun is famous not just in China but in all over the world. 鲁迅不仅闻名于中国,而且闻名于全世界。 Every four years athletes from all over the world take part in the Olympic Games. 每四年,来自全世界的运动员参加奥运会。 New Zealand wine is of high quality and is sold all over the world. 新西兰酒的质量很高而且远销全世界. His name is known all over the world as well as in Japan. 他不仅闻名日本,而且闻名世界。

7. Parts of the cave have been badly affected by rain and exposure to the air. 部分山洞因受到雨水的侵蚀和空气接触,损坏严重。 ⑴affect 动词“影响”。 The change in climate may affect your health. 气候的变化也许会影响你的健康. We were deeply affected by the news of her death. 我们为她去世的噩耗而深感悲伤. Smoking affects health. 抽烟影响健康。 ⑵exposure 名词“暴露, 揭露, 暴光, 揭发, 揭露”。如: It is their first exposure to big city life. 这是他们第一次受到大城市生活的影响 8. Some areas are almost completely covered in weeds, causing serious damage. 不少地方杂草丛生,破败不堪。 causing serious damage 是动词的现在分词作结果状语。又如: Tom's grandfather died two years ago, leaving him a big fortune. 汤姆的祖父两年前去世了,留给他一大笔钱。 The fish will eat you up in a few minutes, leaving only bones. 食人鱼会在几分钟内就把你吃光,只剩下骨头。 9. Pollution from nearby cement factories has also contributed to the problem. 附近水泥厂产生的污染对此也难逃其咎。 该句中 contribute to 的意思是:to be one of the things that help to make something happen. 文章最后一段有一句:They can help by contributing to the cost of repairing the caves.他们可以通过捐款的方式做出贡献。 这个句子中 contribute to 意思是:to give money or your time and effort in order to achieve something. 这里 contribute to 意思是“导致”。 10. At the moment, visitors are not allowed to visit the caves. 目前,已经禁止游客参观这些山洞。 at the moment 目前,现在 I can't think of his telephone number at the moment. 我一下子想不起他的电话号码。 We have the following for sale at the moment. 目前我们有以下产品可以卖出。 It seems that he's not in at the moment. 他现在好像不在家里。 11. They have recommended that the site be closed and repaired.

该组织提议关闭这个遗址并进行维修。 They have recommended that the site be closed and repaired. = They have recommended that the site should be closed and repaired.请注意省略了 should。 在表示命令、建议、要求等一类动词后面的从句中。should 可以省略。如: order, suggest, propose, require, demand, request, insist, command, insist + (should) do He insisted that he (should) be sent there. 他坚持他应该被派到那儿去。 I suggest that a meeting(should)be hold next week. 我建议下周要开一次会。 12. This is a very serious matter and the Chinese Academy of Science is trying to raise public awareness about it. 形势相当严峻,中国科学院正在努力唤醒国民的(保护)意识。 raise/increase awareness of 意思是:唤醒……的意识。又如: The campaign aims to raise awareness of the dangers of passive smoking. 这项运动旨在使人们意识到被动吸烟的危害。 This film aims to raise people's awareness of protecting environment. 这部电影旨在唤起人们保护环境的意识。 13. They are a precious part of our cultural heritage—it is of vital importance that we do something. 它们是我们文化遗产中极其宝贵的部分——因此我们采取行动就非常重要。 It is + of +n.相当于 It is +adj.。be of importance = be important 例如: The map that you gave me was of great help. 你给我的地图用处很大。 The meeting held last week was of great importance. 上周开的会议十分重要。 But in fact sports and games can be of great value / very valuable. 事实上体育运动是很有价值的。 It's of much possibility / very possible to misunderstand each other in life. 生活中人与人之间发生误会是很可能的。 14. Then there is a ceremony to which the whole town is invited. 然后有个邀请全镇的人参加的仪式。 invite 是不及物动词,后面应该接 to, 所以介词加在先行词 which 前。关系 副词引导的从句可以用“介词+关系代词”引导的从句替换。如: The reason why/for which he refused the invitation is not clear. 他拒绝邀请的理由不是太清楚。

From the year when/in which he was going to school he began to know what he wanted when he grew up. 从他上学的那年他开始意识到他是多么想长大。 Great changes have taken place in the city in which/where I was born. 我出生的城市发生了巨大的变化。 15. The Living Treasures are honoured for their achievements in many different areas of life. 这些古稀老人因为在生活的不同领域取得成就而受到尊敬。 be honoured for sth.因……而受到尊敬 The old man was honoured for his contribution to the people. 这位老人由于对人民做出的贡献而受到表彰。 The teacher was honoured for his excellent work. 这位老师因为他的出色工作受到表彰。 16. … or it might be because they have such good stories to tell about “the old days”. ……或者是因为他们有许多美好的回忆,讲述“昔日的时光”。 ⑴or“或者” The wallet must be that girl's, or it might be the old lady's. 钱包可能是那个女孩的,或者可能是那个老太太的。 ⑵might 表推测 ①might 表示推测“可能性”时,意思是“可能”、“也许”,语气没有 must 肯定。 如: He might be American. = It is possible that he is American. 他可能是个美国人。 注:might 不表示过去时态,只是语气上比 may 更委婉,表示的可能性更 小。 ②might 表推测时,可以用于否定句,意思是“可能不、也许不”,但不用于 疑问句。 He might not be at home. 他也许不在家。 ③might 可以推测现在正在发生的动作或过去发生的动作。 He might be sleeping now. (现在) 他可能正在睡觉。 The boy might not be watching TV at home. (现在) 这个男孩可能没在家看电视 These students might have seen the film before.(过去) 这些学生以前可能看过这部电影。 ④might 还可以推测将来的情况。

I think we should take raincoat with us, it may rain. 我想我们应该带上雨衣,可能要下雨了。 She might not come this afternoon. 她今天下午可能不来了。 . Language Points Ask Ss to discuss the important and difficult language points. Then give them some explanation. (1) Eventually, archaeologists found almost 200 items, including six skulls and more than 150 teeth. (lines 2-3, Para2,part1) 后来,考古学家逐渐发现了约两百件遗物, 包括六十个头盖骨和 150 多颗牙齿。 eventually adv 终于,最后 Eg ① It was a long journey, but we eventually arrived. ② The road became narrower and rougher and eventually petered out. 【例题】 There was such a long queue for coffee at the interval that we _______ gave up. (2005 上海) A. eventually B. unfortunately C. generally D. purposefully (Key: A) (2) These discoveries proved the existence of a human species who lived in the area between 700,000 and 200,000 years ago. (lines 3-5, Para2,part1) 这些发现证明: 在大约二十到七十万年前就有人类生活在该地区。 It has also been proved that people lived there continuously between 500,000 and 10,000 years ago. (lines8-10,para.1, part 2) 它还证明了一万到五十万年前,那里一 直有人类生存。 ◆ prove 证明,证实;证明是,表明是 (后面可接名词、不定式、that 从句等), 如: ① He has proved his courage in the battle. ② Perhaps this book will prove to be of some use to you in your studies. ③ On the long journey he proved himself to be an amusing companion. ④ People have proven that one can do whatever on strives to do. 人 ◆ existence n. 存在,生存 Eg ① Do you believe in the existence of ghosts? ② According to some philosopher, everything in existence is reasonable. ③ The newspaper ceased to appear after an existence of three months. ※【拓展】 come into existence = come into being 存在,产生 Eg ① Nobody knows how this world came into existence. ② She worked in a new company which came into existence half a year ago. (3) Four sites where Beijing Man and his relations lived were discovered on the northern face of Dragon Bone Hill (Longgushan) (lines1-3, para.3, part1)

人们在龙骨山的北坡发现了北京人及其近亲居住过的四处遗址。 face n 斜坡;山坡;(建筑物的)表面 Eg the north face of the Eiger 艾格尔山北坡 a cliff face 悬崖峭壁 ※【拓展】 face v 面对,面向 Eg He faced the difficulty with courage. 他勇敢地面对困难 【例题】 ① (2005 北京春) ___ with a difficult situation, Arnold decided to ask his boss for advice. A. To face B. Having faced C. Faced D. Facing (C) ② (2006 四川) ________ with so much trouble, we failed to complete the task on time. A. Faced B. Face C. Facing D. To face (A) (4) Even so, they were quite sophisticated. (lines4-5, para.4, part1) 尽管如此,北京人进化速度已经很高。 even so 虽然如此 Eg There are many spelling mistakes; even so it’s quite a good essay. 【例题】(2005 江西) Your uncle seems to be a good driver: _____ I wouldn’t dare to travel in his car. A. even so B. even though C. therefore D. so Key: A (5) Some areas are almost completely covered in weeds, causing serious damage. (lines3-5, para 2. part2) 部分山洞因受到雨水的侵蚀和空气接触,损失严重。 causing serious damage 是现在分词作结果状语。 Eg ① He dropped the plate, breaking it into pieces. ② The best players have gone off to the big clubs, leaving them the dross. 【例题】 ① (2005 山东) Oil prices have risen by 32% since the start of the year, _____a record US867.65 a barrel on April. (Key: B) A. have reached B. reaching C. to reach D. to be reaching ② (NMET1998) European football is played in 80 countries, _______ it the most popular sport in the world. (Key: A) A. making B. makes C. made D. to make (6) This is a very serious matter and the Chinese Academy of Science is trying to raise public awareness about it. (lines1-3, para 5, part2) 形势相当严峻,中国科学院 正在努力唤醒国民的(保护)意识。 raise/increase public awareness 唤醒民众意识 (7) They are a precious part of our cultural heritage —it is of vital importance that we

do something. (lines5-7, the last para Part2) 它们是我们文化遗产中极其宝贵的部分—因此我们采取行动就显得尤其重要。 “of + 名词”,作用相当于形容词。常见的名词有 use, importance, help, value 等。 Eg ① It’s of great importance (=very important) to teach the children about road safety. ② You will find this map of great value in helping you to get around the city. (1) 虚拟语气用于宾语从句中 ① 某些表示“建议、命令或要求”等的动词后面的宾语从句的谓语动词要求用虚 拟语气。其形式为:主语+要求跟虚拟语气的动词+ (that) + (should)+ 动词原形。 常用的动词有: advise 建议,劝告;ask 要求;command 命令;demand 要求,需求;desire 渴望; decide 决定;determine 决定;intend 打算;insist 坚持;order 命令;propose 提 议;prefer 宁愿;request 要求;require 要求,请求;recommend 建议,推荐; suggest 建议;urge 主张;want 希望等。如: He proposed that we (should) go for a walk. 他提议我们去散步。 The boss required that the workers (should) work all night.老板要求工人整夜工作。 The doctor strongly recommended that he take a holiday. 医生竭力劝他去休假。 I don’t want the children taken out in such weather. 我不希望在这种天气把孩子带 出去。 ※ 【注意】 当 insist 表示“坚持说,坚决认为”,suggest 表示“表明,暗示”时,后面宾语从句 的谓语动词不用虚拟语气。比较: We insist that you accept these gifts. 我们坚决要求你收下这些礼物。 He insisted that he had done right. 他坚决认为\ 坚持说自己做对了。 I suggested to him that we should tackle the problem another way. 我向他建议我 们用另一种方式处理这个问题。 His cool response suggested that he didn’t like the idea. 他反应冷淡表明他并不喜欢 这个主意。 ② 在 wish 后面的宾语从句中 在 wish 后面的宾语从句中的谓语动词要求用虚拟语气,主要有三种形式: 表示对现在情况的虚拟:wish+主语+动词过去时 表示对现在情况的虚拟:wish+主语+ had+ 动词过去分词 表示对现在情况的虚拟:wish+主语+ would+ 动词原形 如: I wish I knew the answer to the question. 我希望知道这个问题的答案。 How I wish I hadn’t said that to him last night! 我多么希望昨天晚上没对他说那些 话! I wish it would stop raining. 但愿雨能停住。

※ 【注意】 在表示对过去情况的虚拟时,从句的谓语动词有时也可用 would\ should\ could\ might +have +过去分词。如: I wish I could have seen her at the party last night.要是昨天晚上在舞会上能够见到 该多好。 ③ would rather\ would prefer 等后面的宾语从句中 在 would rather\ would prefer 等后面的宾语从句中的谓语动词用虚拟语气:表示 现在或将来的情况用过去时;表示过去的情况用 had +过去分词。如: I would rather it were winter now. 我但愿现在是冬天。 I would rather you came on Sunday. 希望你星期天来 。 I would like you had done the work before. 我希望你以前做过这项工作。 (2) 虚拟语气用在主语从句中: 句型: It is + 形容词\ 过去分词\ 名词+ that 从句中谓语动词用 (should) +动词原 形。 ① 常用的形容词:advisable 适当的,合理的;anxious 焦虑的;appropriate 适当 的;better 较好的;desirable 理想的;essential 紧要的;insistent 坚持的; important 重要的;necessary 必要的;natural 自然的;right 正确的;strange 奇怪 的;surprising 惊奇的;regretful 遗憾的;urgent 紧迫的等。如: It is necessary that we (should) clean the room every day. 有必要天天打扫房间。 It is natural that such a hardworking student (should) pass the exam. 这么用功的学生 考试及格是很自然的事。 ② 常用的过去分词:decided 决定;demanded 要求;desired 期望,要求得到; ordered 命令;proposed 提议; requested 要求;suggested 建议;required 要求; recommended 建议, 推荐;wanted 希望等。如: It was suggested that she (should) take part in the club activities.有人建议他参加俱 乐部活动。 It is decided that the meeting (should) be put off till tomorrow. 已经决定会议延期到 明天。 It has been proposed that we change the topic. 有人提议我们改变题目。 ③ 常用的名词:duty 职责;pity 遗憾;shame 羞耻,不象话;regret 遗憾,后悔; no wonder 不足为奇;no surprise 不奇怪。如: It is a pity that you (should) be so careless. 遗憾的是你如此粗心。 It is no wonder that he should have succeeded. 他成功了是不足为奇的。 (3) 虚拟语气用在表语从句中: ① as if\ as though 引导的表语从句: 当 as if 引导表语从句时,从句的谓语动词可用陈述也可用虚拟语气。其形式如 下: 主语+ 动词的过去时(were\ was) (表示与主句动作同时发生)

主句+ as if (though)+ 主语+ could\ would + 动词原形 (表示动词可能在将来发生) 主语+ had+ 过去分词 (表示从句的动作先于主句的动作发生) 如: Tony looks as if \ though he never got a square meal. 托尼好像从没吃过饱饭一样。 It seemed as if the meeting would never end. 看起来会议没完没了。 He quickly ran home, looking as if there was something wrong with him. 他快步跑回 家,看上去好像有什么事不对劲。 ※【比较】 It looked as if she were made of ice. 她看起来似乎是冰做的。 It looks as if it isn’t clean enough to bathe here.看起来海水好像不干净,不能游泳。 ② 某些名词如 advice, demand, decision, desire, idea, order, plan, proposal, requirement, request, suggestion 等作主语时,后面表语从句的谓语动词用 (should)+动词原形。如: His proposal is that we (should) get rid of the bad habits. 他建议我们摒弃这些不 良习惯。 Our plan is that the work (should) be finished ahead of time. 我们的计划是提前完成 工作。 My idea is that we (should) do exercises first. 我的主意是先做练习。 (4) 虚拟语气用在同位语从句中: 某些名词如 advice, demand, decision, desire, idea, order, plan, proposal, requirement, request, suggestion 等后面的同位语从句的谓语动词用(should)+动词原形。如: He made the suggestion that we (should) go by train. 他建议我们坐火车去。 He gave orders that they should go home at once. 他命令他们立刻回家。 (5) 虚拟语气用于 It is (high) time (that) 引起的从句:意为“该是做某事的时间了”。 如: It is time that we went home. 我们该回家了。 ? 3. Language study (1) Every two years the directory is enlarged by giving each country the chance to enlarge 扩大,增大 Eg ① I want to enlarge the lawn. ② I planned to enlarge this photograph. ③ Can you enlarge on \upon what has already been said? (2) While the bid is going through, the state government allocate funds for each item’s protection. (lines4-5, para 4) go through 此句中意为“被通过”。此外,还有“经历、经受、履行、把…… 进行到底”的意思。

Eg ① Certain formalities have to be gone through before one can emigrate. ② The dictionary has gone through ten editions. ③ He’s determined to go through with the marriage despite his parents’ opposition. (3) If TCM is accepted on the UNESCO list, doctors and practitioners would advocate both its advantages and its legal status abroad. (lines3-6, para 5) ① advocate v 主张,提倡; Eg (a) I advocate a policy of gradual reform. (b) Do you advocate banning cars in the city center? ② n 提倡者,拥护者 This judge is a strong advocate of prison reform. (4) Mid-Autumn celebrations reflect Chinese cultural traditions. (lines1-2, para 5) reflect v 反映,归咎 Eg ① The results reflect the greatest credit upon all concerned. ② Her sad looks reflected the thought passing through her mind. ③ The literature of a period reflects its values and tastes. ※【拓展】 reflection n. 反映,沉思,映像 ① Your clothes are a reflection of your personality. ② On further reflection she saw her mistake. ③ The cat felt curious when she saw her own reflection in the mirror. 【例】 ① (2006 上海春) ean’s strong love for his country is _______ in his recently published poems. (Key: B) A. relieved B. reflected C. responded D. recovered ② (2004 上海春) Usually a child’ s behaviour is a _________ of his family environment. (Key: B) A. recognition B. reflection C. return D. record (5) With more than 50 million Chinese living and working overseas, the MidAutumn Festival reminds them of their Chinese origins and would help to unite Chinese people all over the world (lines2-5, para 6) remind v 提醒, 使想起 ① This story reminds me of my childhood. ② Please remind me to write to my mother tomorrow. ③ Travelers are reminded that malaria tablets are advisable. 【例】① (2000 上海春) What you said just now _______ me of that American professor. (Key: C)

A. mentioned

B. informed? C. reminded

D. memorized?

② (2005 江苏) In our childhood, we were often _______ by Grandma to pay attention to our table manners. (Key: B) A. determined B. reminded C. allowed D. hoped (6) UNESCO’s agenda for the world’s tangible and intangible heritage is also to act as a warning system for sites which are at the mercy of redevelopment, pollution or even the effects of tourism, and cultural activities which are in danger. (lines1-6, para 8) at the mercy of 受……支配,在……的掌控之中 Eg They were lost at the sea, at the mercy of the wind and weather. ※【拓展】mercy 常见短语: show mercy on (upon) 对……有怜悯心。show mercy to 对……表示同情 Eg ① The people’s enemies will be shown no mercy. ② The king showed no mercy and killed all the prisoners. ③They showed mercy to their enemies. (7) UNESCO undertakes to take sites off the World Heritage list if their present state is threatened by an absence of protection. (lines6-8, para 8) undertake v. 从事,保证 Eg ① We could undertake the work for the time being. ② He undertook to finish the job by Friday. ③ I’ll undertake for your security. (8) In return, UNESCO recognizes the autonomy of provincial, federal and state cultural organizations, but offers support and guidance when requested. (lines6-8, prar 9) in return (for) 作为回报;交换,报答 Eg ① He was always ready to help others, in return, he was liked by everyone. ② I sent him a present in return for his help.


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