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4篇阅读理解


Passage-1 As a professor at a large American university, there is a phrase that I hear often from students: “I’m only a 1050.” The unlucky students are speaking of the score on the Scholastic

Aptitude Test (SAT), which is used to determine whether they will be admitted to the college or university of their choice, or even have a chance to get a higher education at all. The SAT score, whether it is 800, 1100 or 1550, has becomes the focus at this time of their life. It is obvious that if students value highly their test scores, then a great amount of their self-respect is put in the number. Students who perform poorly on the exam are left feeling that it is all over. The low testing-score, they think, will make it impossible for them to get into a good college. And without a degree from a prestigious university, they fear that many of life’s doors will remain forever closed. According to a study done in the 1990s, the SAT is only a reliable indicator of a student’s future performance in most cases. Interestingly, it becomes much more accurate when it is set together with other indicators — like a student’s high school grades. Even if standardized tests like the SAT could show a student's academic proficiency (学业水平), they will never be able to test things like confidence, efforts and willpower, and are unable to give us the full picture of a student's potentialities (潜力). This is not to suggest that we should stop using SAT scores in our college admission process. The SAT is an excellent test in many ways, and the score is still a useful means of testing students. However, it should be only one of many methods used. 1. The purpose of the SAT is to test students’ ____________. A. strong will B. academic ability C. full potentialities D. confidence in school work 2. Students’ self-respect is influenced by their ____________. A. scores in the SAT B. achievements in mathematic C. job opportunities D. money spent on education 3. “A prestigious university” is most probably ____________. A. a famous university B. a technical university C. a traditional university D. an expensive university 4. This passage is mainly about ____________. A. how to prepare for the SAT B. stress caused by the SAT C. American higher education D. the SAT and its effects

Passage-2

In meditation(冥想),people sit quietly and focus their attention on their breath. As they breathe in and out, they attend to their feelings. As thoughts go through their minds, they let them go. Breathe. Let go. Breathe. Let go. According to a recent study at the Insight Meditation Society in Barre, Massachusetts, three months of training in this kind of meditation causes a market change in how the brain allocates(分 配) attention. It appears that the ability to let go thoughts that come into mind frees the brain to attend to more rapidly changing things and events in the outside world. Expert mediators are better than other people at catching such fast-changing stimuli (刺激), like facial expressions. The study provides evidence for changes in the workings of the brain with mental training. People can learn and improve abilities of all sorts with practice everything from driving to playing the piano. The study has shown that meditation is good for the brain. It appears to reduce pressure and promote a sense of well-being. In an experiment, 17 volunteers with no meditation experience in the experimental group spent three months meditating 10 to 12 hours a day. A control group also with no meditation experience meditated for 20 minutes a day over the same period. Both groups were then given the tests with two numbers in a group of letters. As both group looked for the numbers, their brain activity was recorded. Everyone could catch the first number. But the brain recordings showed that the less experienced mediators tended to grasp the first number and hang onto it, so they missed the second number. Those with more experience gave less attention to the first number as if letting it go, which led to an increased ability to grasp the second number. This shows that attention can change with practice. Just ask Daniel Levision, who meditated for three months as part of the study. “I am a much better listener,” he said, “I do not get lost in my own personal reaction to what people are saying.” 1. The underlined word “them” in Paragraph 1 refers to ________. A. feelings B. minds C. people D. thoughts 2. Meditations manage their daily tasks better because they ________. A. are given less pressure B. allocate their attention better C. have more stimuli for life D. practice them more frequently 3. In the experiment, volunteers doing meditation for longer hours ________. A. were more likely to catch both of the numbers B. were used to memorizing numbers in groups C. usually ignored the first number observed D. paid more attention to numbers than to letters 4. The study proves that ________. A. meditation improves one’s health B. brain activity can be recorded C. human attention can be trained D. mediators have a good sense of hearing Passage-3

The scene in the Hollywood movie The Day After Tomorrow, where global warming could soon turn the global climate into a new ice age, may never occur, according to new research. The next ice age could be 15,000 years away, say European scientists who last month announced a continuous record of 740,000 years of climate data obtained from the Antarctic ice. Scientists from 10 nations have now almost completely drilled through a 3,000-meter depth of ice high in the Antarctic mainland. They figure out that the area, where summer temperatures can fall to -40℃ has at least 900,000 years of snowfalls, kept as neatly as the growth rings of a tree. And the ice and air caught in each layer (层) have begun to answer questions about the climates in the past. The results show that there have been eight ice ages in the past 740,000 years and eight warmer periods. And by comparing the pattern of global conditions today with those of the past, the researchers reported in Nature that the present warm period could last another 15,000 years. Research suggests that there is a very close connection between greenhouse gas levels and global average temperatures. It also shows that carbon dioxide (二氧化碳) levels are the highest for at least 440,000 years. "If people say to you: the greenhouse effect is a good thing because we would go into an ice age otherwise, our data say no, a new ice age is not hanging over our heads, “said Eric Wolff from the British Antarctic Survey. "Now we have eight examples of how the climate goes in and out of ice ages… and you can learn what the rules are that go into the climate models that tell us about the future." Scientists found that whenever temperatures rose in the frozen record, so did carbon dioxide level. "In 440,000 years we have never seen greenhouse gas get as thick as it is today," said Dr Wolff. 1. In drilling through the ice in Antarctica, scientists have found that ______. A. the lowest temperature there is -40℃ B. the depth of ice is 3,000 meters C. the ice has existed for 15,000 years D. snow-falls are kept in certain patterns 2. The information of the global climate conditions in the past can be obtained through ______. A. separating carbon dioxide from the air B. examining the growth rings of trees C. comparing temperatures in different areas D. studying the ice and air caught in each layer 3. We can infer from Eric Wolff’s words that_______. A. there is something wrong with the data B. greenhouse effect is always a bad thing C. a new ice age will not come in the near future D. greenhouse gas will get thick in the future 4. What would be the best title for the passage? A. Research over the Antarctic area B. Warm period to last about 15, 000 years C. Report on the eight ice ages in the past D. Hollywood movies and the global climate Passage-4

Supermarkets are trying out new computers that make shopping carts more intelligent (具备 智能的). They will help shoppers find cups or toilet soap, and keep a record of the bill. The touch-screen devices (触摸屏装置) are on show at the Food Marketing Institute's exhibition here this week. "These devices are able to create value and get you around the store quicker," said Michael Alexander, manager of Springboard Retail Networks Inc., which makes a smart cart computer called the Concierge. Canadian stores will test the Concierge in July. A similar device, IBM's "Shopping Buddy," has recently been test-marketed at Stop & Shop stores in Massachusetts. Neither device tells you how many fat grams or calories are in your cart, but they will flash you with items on sale. The idea is to make it easier for people to buy, not to have second thoughts that maybe you should put something back on the shelf. "The whole model is driven by advertisers' need to get in front of shoppers," said Alexander. "They're not watching 30-second TV ads anymore." People can use a home computer to make their shopping lists. Once at the store, a shopper can use a preferred customer card to start a system (系统) that will organize the trip around the store. If you're looking for toothpicks, you type in the word or pick it from a list, and a map will appear on the screen showing where you are and where you can find them. The devices also keep a record of what you buy. When you're finished, the device figures out your bill. Then you go to the checker or place your card into a self-checkout stand and pay. The new computerized shopping assistants don't come cheap. The Buddy devices will cost the average store about $160,000, and the Concierge will cost stores about $500 for each device. 1. The underlined word “they” (paragraph1) refers to_________. A. supermarkets B. shop assistants C. shopping carts D. shop managers 2. Which of the following is the correct order of shopping with the computerized shopping carts? a. Start the system. b. Make a shopping list. c. Find the things you want. d. Go to a self-checkout stand. A. abdc B. bacd C. acbd D. bcad 3. We can learn from the last paragraph that ________. A. intelligent shopping carts cost a large sum of money B. the Concierge is cheaper than the Buddy devices C. shop assistants with computer knowledge are well paid D. average stores prefer the Concierge to the Buddy devices 4. What might be the most suitable title for the text? A. New age for supermarkets B. Concierge and Shopping Buddy C. New computers make shopping carts smarter D. Touch-screen devices make shopping enjoyable


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