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河南省豫东、豫北十所名校2014届高三下学期阶段性测试(四) 英语


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第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。 A I was in Houston a few we

eks ago , and needed to be back home in Austin by midmorning the next day. Though I usually left in the evening ,for some reason last time I had to choose to set off after midnight I was on my way back to Austin when I realized I left an important file , and knew I had to return to get it. I took the first exit I could, but When I rounded the corner, an 18-wheeler was stopped dead in the exit lane. I swerved(急转弯) to avoid it, and then I realized that there was something wrong with my car So I pulled into a small parking lot and unsurprisingly found the area deserted at 3 :15 am. I've lived in urban areas most of my life. I'm fairly street-wise and don' t become frightened easily , but I knew I was in a pretty tough neighborhood. There was no one in Houston to pick me up. I immediately locked the doors and picked up my phone to call a tow truck. Soon a young man knocked on my driver's side window and asked if he could help me Judging from his appearance, he was far from a mad man, but I knew he was far more likely to rob than help me. So I lied to him. After a while ,he asked again ,but this time I politely refused and told him the tow truck was due any minute. He finally said, "Madam ,you need help. A tow truck in Houston will arrive anywhere between 45 minutes and approximately never ( which I knew was true) , and you aren't going anywhere until you change your flat tire. " After considering thoroughly , I got out. He looked surprised, but got right to work. He changed the tire ,returned the seat to its place and said, " Thank you for letting me help you. You gave me a chance when most people would never open the door to someone like me. Would it be okay if I gave you a hug?" When I recovered ,I gave him a giant hug ,I left with a new tire and a renewed faith in human nature. 21. What's the matter with the author's car? A. It couldn't get started. B. Its tire blew out C. It was out of control. D. Its oil ran out. 22. Why did the author lie to the man and refuse his help in the beginning? A. Because she thought the man was playing jokes. B. Because she thought the man wanted to get a lift. C. Because she thought the man might be a bad man D. Because she thought the. man was a mad man. 23. Which of the following can best .describe the author? A Cautious and brave. B. Impolite and dishonest C. Stubborn but brave. D. Generous but dishonest. 24. Which of the following might be the best title for the text? A. Help in the Dead of Night B. Attitude Determines Everything C. The Fight against Robbing on My Way D. An Unexpected Traffic Accident B Former South African president Nelson Mandela died on 6 December 2013 Beijing time President Jacob Zuma announced it in a televised speech to the nation.
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He was 95. Those 95 years were remarkable. At the age of seven ,he entered a local school, where he was given the name " Nelson" , after Admiral Horatio Nelson of the Royal Navy, by a teacher Who had difficulty in pronouncing his African 'name. That name ,Rolihlahla , means "troublemaker" . In 1927 , when Mandela was nine ,he decided to become. a lawyer ,influenced by the cases that came on his father. In 1942 Mandela entered politics by joining the African National Congress ( ANC) , South Africa's major liberation movement and today the country's ruling party.It was during this time that he ,and a small group of mainly young members of the ANC got down to a task transforming the party into a mass movement. In 1952 , he was charged and brought to trial for his role in the campaign of fighting against Uujust Laws and given a prison sentence. The 1950s turned out to be a time of hardship and suffering for Mandela-he was banned, arrested and imprisoned. While in prison, Mandela studied by correspondence with the University of London, earning a Bachelor of Law degree. He never faced with his teachers , but his name was familiar to all the teachers by means of his writing letters. After spending 27 years in prison, Mandela became South A Africa 's first democratically elected president in 1994. He united a fearful country, bringing together blacks and whites in harmony When South Africa was living through violent and troubled times. After serving a five year term as president of the country, he retired from public life, though not from the public eye. He is the greatest son of the nation and a great father of his people. More than l,115 awards and honors , even the Nobel Peace Prize had been on him. More than 85 streets , roads ,avenues ,bridges , highways had been named after Mandela. 25. Why did the teacher give Mandela the name "Nelson" ? A. Because Mandela respected Admiral Horatio Nelson. very much B. Because Mandela was very naughty at school. C. Because Mandela had no formal name at school. D. Because his original name was hard for the teacher to pronounce. 26. We can infer from the passage that A. Mandela hated white people and the government for white people B. Mandela tried his best to set up a government ruled by black people C. Mandela wanted blacks and whites to live equally and peacefully D. Mandela set up the ruling party of African National Congress 27. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage? A. Mandela became a lawyer in order to help the black. B. Mandela kept on studying laws even when he was in prison. C. Mandela disappeared from the public eye after he retired. D. Mandela named many streets and other buildings in his nation. 28. How old was Mandela when he retired? A. 95. B. 91. C. 81. D. 76. C Some light colors humans are exposed to late at night could cause symptoms of depression .That is the conclusion of a study that builds on previous findings that individuals exposed to low levels of lights
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overnight can develop signs of clinical depression. Investigators , curious as to whether the color of light contributed to depressive symptoms in Humans ,designed an experiment that exposed hamsters (仓鼠) to different colors. Hamsters sleep during the day and are active at night ,in reverse, humans sleep at night and are active during the day. That is why they chose hamsters to do the experiment. The first group of hamsters ( G1) was kept in the dark during their nighttime period. The second group of hamsters ( G2) was exposed to blue light and the third group (G3) slept in the presence of white light. The fourth group of hamsters (G4) was exposed to red light. After four weeks, researchers noted how much sugary water the hamsters drank. Randy Nelson, chair of Ohio State University's Department of Neuroscience and co-author of the study, said animals that slept in blue and white light appeared to be the most depressed. " What we saw is these animals didn't show any sleep disruptions at all but they did have disturbed the biological clock genes and they did show depressive symptoms. However ,if they were in the dim red light ,they did not, " Nelson said. Nelson said there's a lot of blue in white light, and this type of light is similar to daylight, convincing the brain that it is still daytime, which explained why hamsters seemed more depressed in blue light and white light than hamsters exposed to red light or darkness Nelson had suggestions for so-called "night owls" or people who work the night shift. " My recommendation is that you should live a typical mostly active life during the day and The mostly inactive at night You should limit exposure to TVs which are quite bluish in the light they give off and computer screens and things like that, " stated Nelson. " Of course , you can also install protective glass on your computer screen. " 29. What does the underlined phrase "in reverse" in Paragraph 2 probably mean? A. as a result B. on the contrary C. in addition D in other words 30. It can be learnt from the passage that _______ A. hamsters in G2 and G4 are influenced most by light colors . B. light colors have nothing to do with hamsters' biological clock genes C. Nelson suggested those "night owls" watch TV more at night D. the experiment proved hamsters in G2 and G3 were more depressed 31. The experiment on hamsters shows that A. light colors affect their mood B. light colors disturb their sleep C. light colors influence their diet D. light colors change their habit 32. In which part of a website can you most probably find this passage? A. Business B. Sports. C. Health. D. Travel. D Welcome to the MoMath Museum Introductions : The National Museum of Mathematics ( MoMath) opened on Dec. 15 ,2013 0n two floors of an office building north of Manhattan's Madison Square Park. It is the builder, Glen Whitney, 42,a mathematician and former fund analyst who helped raise $23. 5 million for the 19,000 -square-foot museum.
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A door handle of the museum is shaped like the symbol ,which stands for a door opening a new world of maths, including numbers, shapes, colors and so on. The MoMath museum is America's first math museum. Features : It provides a unique and interactive experience that makes math exciting Its mission is to develop stronger future mathematicians across the nation by giving people fun and hands-on ways to learn math concepts. Activities: Throughout the museum, visitors take part in various games and programs The museum hopes that by having visitors participate in the exhibits , they will better understand mathematical concepts. An example of this hands-on method of learning is a ride called The Coaster Roller. Visitors glide in a rounded triangle cart across an acorn-shaped track that miraculously creates a smooth surface. The Marble Multiplier,3D Printer, and the Enigma Cafe are among other user-friendly play zones where math theories are applied and challenged. In the exhibit Rhythms of Life, guests fill a circle with fractions(分数) that add up to 1. Each fraction represents a different sound and rhythm ,when combined in a single circle, visitors learn how they combine to form complex pat- tems of sound Each of these exhibits brings math concepts to life and sparks curiosity for visitors of all ages The MoMath museum is a place where everyone can connect by learning complicated math concepts Even the-students who live far from New York City can be part of the fun MoMath has a traveling museum called the Math Midway, which tours around the country to schools and community centers. 33. Which of the following sentences about the MoMath museum is true? A Its founder is not only a mathematician but a fund analyst B. Its door looks like a letter . C. Its purpose is to promote the popularity of math around the world. D. It is the only math museum in the world 34. From the text ,we can know the Math Midway is_______. A. a traveling museum to. meet the demand of students living far from New York B. another online math museum similar to the MoMath museum C. an item exhibited in the MoMath museum D. a plan to build another museum in New York 35. The author takes the exhibit Rhythms of Life as an example to _______. A. tell us math is the most popular subject at school B. stress the importance of listening to music C. show us math concepts can be learnt in an interesting way D. explain the reason why math can develop students' curiosity 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Three Critical Truths We Forget All Too Soon So much happens in our lives every day that we often forget what we have learned. In effect ,the only thing faster than the speed of our thoughts is the speed of our forgetfulness 36 1. Small steps get you to big places.
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The greatest of all mistakes is to do nothing simply because you can only do a little. In fact , it is far more productive to take many small steps in the right direction than to make a giant leap. 37 Figure out where you want to go, take a step, and keep on stepping. Diligence and persistence will get you there 2. 38 Two people can be affected by the same circumstance but respond in completely different ways. The reason is that it just depends on their attitudes. When you expect life to be unkind, it will always live up to your expectations. On the other hand , when you consider yourself to be in a fortunate situation ,you will find yourself in many more. 39 3. You can only change yourself. Don't wait for someone who hurt you to make it up to you; this kind of thinking only keeps your old wounds from healing. 40 You have no control over them, and they may never change. Inner peace is found by changing your thinking, not the people who hurt you. So forgive those who have hurt you in the past, and even more importantly, forgive yourself for allowing them to hurt you. Then smile like you've never cried re-open your heart and mind like you've never been hurt ,and live the rest of your life like you're running out of time. A. Fear always exists. B. Attitude makes all the difference. C. Waiting for them to change is not the answer. D. Here are some important reminders to jog your memory E. The path to every goal requires a hundred small steps-one after the other. F In the end ,we learn even more from our failures than we do from our successes. G. It' s important to remember that there is value in every situation and circumstance 第三部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白 处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A taxi driver ended up with an extra passenger when he gave a young couple a lift-after the heavily pregnant woman gave birth in his car-Vauxhall Astra estate(沃克斯豪尔雅特旅行车) . When Pavla Machacova went into labour(分娩) , her husband Pavel Stupka called a taxi to 41 them to hospital. Driver Tesfaldet Abraham 42 the phone, decided to use his own car to pick them up at their home in Manchester and took them on the short drive to North Manchester General Hospital ,but by the time they got there the 43 was on its way . Tesfaldet 44 to get a trolley(担架车)for Pavla ,and shouted to the waiting 45 for help. They _46_ to the car and within minutes delivered the baby on the 47 seat of his car. Tesfaldet , who 48 for city centre taxi firm Cresta Cars, told the Manchester Evening News,"lt was not a very 49 distance to the hospital and we were not thinking the baby would come as soon as that , and 50 the husband didn't seem to know how far gone(怀孕) she was." Tesfaldet,from Broughton, 51 ,"The nurses ran out to my car,told me to 52 towels and gloves from inside and the baby was born within five minutes. I got into the back of the car to help 53 them what they needed. I couldn't be 54 . It's amazing. I 55 two people and delivered three ! "
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Baby Nicole was born weighing a healthy 7 pounds 7 oz. And the following day she was allowed home with her 56 ,to meet her big sister, two-year-old Kristina Pavla said, "It was so unexpected. With Kristina the labour was 12 hours and this was 30 minutes. I'd only been in pain for about five minutes before we 57 the taxi and then she was here. It was too 58 . I'm really happy to be at home with Nicole. " Pavel said, " We're so 59 the drrver and the hospital.We have 60 a lovely bunch of. flowers from Mr. Abraham so it's nice to know he's thinking of us. " 41. A. welcome B. invite C. take D. introduce 42 A found B answered C. called D. sold 43. A. taxi B. ambulance C. bus D. baby 44. A. jumped out B. dropped out C. walked out D. pulled out 45. A. reporters B. nurses C. housekeepers D. photographers 46. A. raced B. paced C. fled D. wandered 47.A. front B. middle C. top D. back 48. A works B. applies C. searches D. pays 49. A. bad B. good C. long D. short 50.A. still B. even C. however D. therefore 51. A. added B complained C. argued D. quarreled 52.A. design B. cover C. buy D. grasp 53. A. throw B. steal C. hand D. hide 54.A. happier B. sadder C. younger D. safer 55. A. put up B. turned out C. held out D. picked up 56 A. parents B. brother C. driver D. sister 57. A. saw B. rang C. recognized D. left 58. A slow B. fast C. small D. big 59. A curious about B. afraid of C. grateful to D interested in 60. A. discovered B. ignored C. recommended D. received

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第三部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45+分) 第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填人适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形 式。并将答案填写在答题卡上。 Tom: Have you heard the local newspaper The Times is closing down in three months' time? Mary : Then that's good news. That newspaper is terrible. I won't miss it. Tom: 61 do you mean? The Times is the best newspaper in the city .if that 62 ( close) down ,we'll only have The Pioneer and the City Journal ,which is too bad. Mary: You only like The Times 63 it takes up to 20 pages every day with sports. The City Journal is a great paper. And you don't like it because it devotes less than 5 pages every day 64 baseball results.
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Tom: This is a baseball city. We've got a great team. Why shouldn't we read about it? Where are we going to get the results now? Mary :I think a newspaper needs to meet all the 65 ( need) of its readers , not just that of those 66 like .sports Tom: Then what about the Job Section in The Times? That was one of the most 67 (use) parts of it, Every business , every store in the city knows if they want to get someone 68 ( work) for them, they have to put some ads in The Times How are all these people going to get work now? This will 69 ( absolute) destroy the local economy. Mary : Destroy the local economy , will it? I admit the Job Section was pretty good in The Times , 70 either one of the other two newspapers will just get the. ads instead. That's how things work。 第四部分写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处 语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 In the past ,I always think my little brother was very unpleasant ,because he used to ask me some questions every time he did his homeworks . I felt as if I had been the smartest person in the world every time he accepted my explanations. Answered one of his questions ,I often liked to say' that he was too stupidly to solve such simple questions. Last week both us received our report cards from our school. Unexpectedly ,I got C's, when he got straight A's. To make things bad, all the day my brother screamed what foolish it was of me not to ask questions ! I just sighed and had to admit that she was right. I have never made a fun of him since then 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假定你是李华,你原本和 Peter 约好一起去观看一场足球比赛,但是昨天下午你突然接到母亲的 电话说她要来看你, 结果你没能按时赴约。为此你感到十分抱歉。 请根据以下要点给 Peter 写一封信, 以表歉意。主要内容包括: 1.表达歉意; 2.解释没能去的原因; 3.希望下周三邀请 Peter 吃饭作为补偿。 注意:1.词数 100 左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3.信的开头和结尾已为你写好,但不计人总词数。 Dear Peter, ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________
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______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________ I'm looking forward to your reply. Yours, Li Hua

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