高一英语同步练习： 必修 4 Unit 4
第 3 课时 Grammar 基础练习 Pay attention to the following sentences 1.reading room 阅览室 swimming pool 游
泳池 dining car 餐车 2.Who is the comrade standing by the door? 3.They lived in a house facing south. 4.Yesterday, another student and I, representing our university’s student association, went to the Capital International Airport to meet this year ’s international students. 5.Seeing those pictures, she remembered her childhood 了解 V_ing 做＿＿定语＿＿的用法 了解 V_ing 作＿＿状语＿＿的用法 实战演练 一、 v-ing 做定语的用法 V-ing.做定语①单个的分词作定语一般放在被修饰词的前面。如： reading room 阅览室 swimming pool 游泳池 dining car 餐车 the exciting news 令人振奋的消息 a boring speech 令人乏味的演出 ②V-ing.分词短语作定语应放在被修饰词的后面，也相当于一个定语从句。如： Who is the comrade standing by the door? 站在门边的同志是谁？ They lived in a house facing south. 他们住在一所朝南的房子里。 二、 V-ing 分词做状语：
V-ing 分词作状语可以表示时间、原因、结果、条件、让步、方式或伴随情况 等。 ①V-ing 分词短语作时间状语，相当于一个时间状语从句，有时可由连词 when, while 引出。如： While reading the book, he nodded from time to time.他一边看书，一边不时 地点头。 Seeing those pictures, she remembered her childhood.看到那些画，他想起 了她的童年。 ②V-ing 分词短语作原因状语，相当于一个原因状语从句。如： Not knowing his address, I can’t send this book to him.因为不知道他的地 址，我不能把这本书送给他。 Many of us, being so excited, couldn’t go to sleep that night. 因为非常激 动，那晚我们许多人都没睡着。 ③V–ing 分词短语作结果状语。如： His father died, leaving him a lot of money.他父亲死了，留给他许多钱。 She was so angry that she threw the toy on the ground, breaking it into pieces. 她非常生气，把玩具扔在地上，把它摔成了碎片。 ④V-ing 分词作伴随状语，可以放在句子的前面、后面或中间，表示主语的另一 个、较次要的动作。如： They stood there for half an hour watching the stars in the sky. 他们在那 儿站了半小时，观察着天上的星星。 Following the old man, the young people started walking slowly. 年轻人跟在老人的后面开始慢慢地走起来。
⑤V-ing 分词间或也可作条件状语和让步状语，相当于一个状语从句。如： Standing at the foot of a high mountain, a person will find himself very small. 一个人如站在大山的脚下会发现自己很渺小。 Knowing all this, they made me pay for the damage. 尽管知道了一切情况， 他们还是要我赔偿损失。 注：V-ing 分词作状语时，它的逻辑主语就是整个句子的主语。 ⑥“with/without+名词普通格或代词宾格+-ing 分词”结构在句中作状语，表示 伴随情况或时间、原因等。如： His hair became grey with the years passing. 随着时间的推移，他的头发变 花白了。 Without anyone noticing, he slipped through the window.没人注意，他从窗 户溜了出去。 反馈检测 一、用括号中动词的适当形式填空。 1． Come tomorrow and give the application to the man______ （ sit） at that desk . 2．Tell the children______（ play） not to make too much noise 3．His father died, _____ (leave) him a lot of money 4．That must have been a______ (terrify) experience. 5．There is a page______ (miss) from this book.
6．_____ ( Not know) his address, I can’t send this book to him. 7．They set up an______ (operate) table in a small temple. 8．_____ (see) from the flying plane, you can see the city clearly.
9．_____ (Follow) the old man, the young people started walking slowly. 二、句型转换(把定语从句转换成 V-ing) 1．The students who will not pass the exam don’t study hard. ______________________________________ 2．A young man who is writing novels came to speak to us yesterday. ______________________________________ 3．The girl who is sitting next to me was my cousin. ______________________________________ 4．A little child who learns to walk often falls ______________________________________ 5．We passed many people who slowly hiked back up . ______________________________________ 6．People who visit New York are always fascinated with its numerous skyscrapers (摩天大楼). ______________________________________ 7．In London the narrow roads that lead to church are still there. ______________________________________ 8．Superman and Batman are heroes who always bring bad people to justice ______________________________________ 9．The boy who rode the horse in the field was an American exchange student. ______________________________________
10．People who share your happiness as well as your(书上多 s) sorrow are supposed to be your true friend. ______________________________________ 三、单项选择 1．The lady said she would buy a gift for her daughter with the ____ A. 20 dollars remained C. remained 20 dollars B. 20 dollars to remain D. remaining 20 dollars.
2．The wild flowers looked like a soft orange blanket ______ the desert. A. covering B. covered C. cover D. to cover
3．I was told that there were about 50 foreign students ____ Chinese in the school，most _____ were from Germany. A. study; of whom studying; of whom 4．The question ______ at present has something to do with our daily life. A. to be discussing discussed 5．China is a____ country ______to the third world. A. developed; belongs belongs B. developing; belonging C. developing; B. to discuss C. been discussed D. being B. study; of them C. studying; of them D.
D. developed; belonged
6．--Who is the man______ to the teacher？ --A model worker_____ our school A. talks，visits B. talking, is visiting C. talking; visiting D.
7. The flowers_____ sweet in the botanic garden attract the visitors to the beauty of nature. A. to smell B. smelling C. smelt D. to be smelt
第 3 课时: Grammar 反馈检测: 一、用括号中动词的适当形式填空。 1. sitting ； 2. playing； 3. leaving； 4. terrifing； 5. missing ； 6. not knowing 7. operating ；8. seeing； 9. following； 二、句型转换 1. The students 此处少 not passing the exam don’t study hard； 2. A young man writing novels came to speak to us yesterday； 3. The girl sitting next to me was my cousin； 4. A little child learning to walk often falls ； 5. We passed many people hiking back up 此处少 slowly； 6. People visiting New York are always fascinated with its numerous skyscrapers； 7. In London the narrow roads leading to church are still there；
8. Superman and Batman are heroes bringing bad people to justice； 9. The boy riding the horse in the field was an American exchange student； 10. People sharing your happiness as well as your(书上多 s) sorrow are supposed to be your true friend； 三、单项选择 1-7 D A D D B C B
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