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英语选修6 unit1- 导学案全


选修 6
核心单词 1. faith n. 信任;信念;信心 常用结构: break one's faith with sb.

unit1

Art

be of consequence in consequence of

重要的 as a consequence=as a result 由于;作为……的结果

结果 in consequence 由于

Words study 导学案

as a consequence of=as a result of 作为……的结果 He is a man of great consequence. 他是一个重要的人物。 4. possession n. (尤作复数)所有;财产 常用结构: 守信于某人 in possession of sth. 拥有/占有某物 in the possession of/in one’s possession 被……拥有 拥有某物

对某人不守信用 keep faith with sb.

lose faith in 不再信任 have faith in 相信; 信任 in good/bad faith 真心诚意/虚情假意 After repeated failure, he lost faith in himself. 不断的失败之后,他对自己失去了信心。 Faith can remove mountains. 信仰能移山。 Never break faith, or you will lose all your friends. 不要背信弃义,否则你将失去所有的朋友。 2. aim n. 目标;目的 vi.&vt. 瞄准; (向某方向)努力 What is your aim in life? 你生活的目标是什么? 常用结构: take aim (at) 瞄准……aim at 向……瞄准;旨在,针对 aim high He aimed the gun at the enemy officer. 他用枪瞄准了敌人的军官。 Our factory must aim at developing new models of machines. 我们的工厂必须致力于研制新型机械。 完成句子 ①This anti-smoking campaign mainly ②The hunter ③He ④He could not ⑤He is leading a life without (瞄准)the lion and fired. (力求)at accuracy. (瞄准)straight. (目标,方向). (针对) young teenagers. 胸怀大志;心气很高

take/gain/get/have possession of sth. 父亲死后,他拥有了一大笔遗产。

When his father died, he came into possession of a large fortune. The people had to gather up their few possessions and escape from the hills. 人们不得不收拾仅有的财产,逃下山去。 联想拓展 possess vt. 拥有;具有;支配 5. concentrate vt. 集中,浓缩 常用结构: concentrate on/upon 集中在;专心于 concentrate one’s attention on 注意力集中在…… I quickly concentrated the camera on the children. 我迅速把照相机的镜头对准孩子们。 联想拓展 pay attention to 注意 focus on 集中(注意力,关心)于…… fix one’s attention/eyes/mind on 集中精力/目光/心思在…… The children fixed their eyes on the teacher in class.孩子们聚精会神地听老师讲课。 单项填空 6. attempt vt. 尝试;企图 n. 努力;尝试;企图 常用结构: attempt to do/doing =try to do/doing=make an attempt to do/doing at one’s first attempt attempt at/on sth. 某人第一次尝试 in an attempt to do sth. 企图谋杀某人 试图做某事 make an attempt on sb.’s life 尝试做…… 试图做某事

3. consequently adv.&conj. 所以,因而(=therefore) Mr Foster has never been to China. Consequently he knows very little about it. 福斯特先生从未去过中国,所以对中国了解得很少。 联想拓展 be consequent on/upon 因……引起的 是……的后果 consequence n. 后果;结果;重要性

They attempted on the life of the dictator. 他们试图杀死这个独裁者。 He made an attempt on the world record. 他试图打破世界纪录。

Her attempt at poetry was a failure.她尝试写诗但失败了。 易混辨析 attempt/try/manage attempt 为正式用语,常指一次的而不是连续的尝试,往往暗示这种尝试达不到目的,常包含 “冒险”的意义。 try 为一般用语,指为成功做某事而付出努力或花费一定代价;后接不定式时表示“试图做某 事”;后接动名词时表示“试着做某事”。 manage 表示“成功地做成某事”,强调结果。 7. score n. 二十;划痕, 刻线; 欠帐; 得分, 成绩; 评分;乐谱 v. 划线,做记号;记分,得分;谱曲 Yao Ming scored again in the second half. 姚明在下半场时再次得分。 常用结构: three score (of) people 60 人 make a good score 得分多;成绩好 in scores 很多的, 大批的 score out 联想拓展 scoreboard n. scores of 记分板/牌 scorer n. 记分员;得分的运动员 很多(前面不能加数词) 划掉,删去 重点句型

a great deal of 表示“许多”时,只能修饰不可数名词。 9. Among the painters who broke away from the traditional style of painting were the Impressionists, who lived and worked in Paris. 在那些突破传统画法的画家中有生活和工作在法国巴黎的印象派画家。 关于倒装句: 表示方位的副词或介词短语位于句首,主语是名词,谓语是不及物动词,如 come, go, stand, sit, lie 等时,句子经常采用全部倒装的形式。 In front of the house sat a small boy. 房前坐着一个小男孩。 There comes the bus. 车来了。 Under the tree stand my English teacher and some of my classmates. 树下站着我的英语老师和几个同学。 提示 如果主语是代词,而不是名词,句子不用倒装。 Here you are. 给你。 同步练习: 单项填空 1. Above all, you should have faith A.In B. with C. of B. As a consequence B. concentrated C. Guided C. advised D. Thought police were sent to the spot to keep order. D. Dozens anxiety. D. a plenty of . 2. The rain yesterday was heavy. A. As a result of 3.All her energies are A. Aimed 4.He B. attempted A. scores of yourself. D. For , the roads were flooded. C. Consequence D. In consequence of

数词+score,不加 of;但用 a score of。score 前有数词修饰,而且 score 后所修饰的名词前有 the, those, these 等表示限定的词时,必须加 of。 重点短语 8. a great deal 大量,许多 We are living close to each other, so I see him a great deal.我们住得很近所以我经常碰到他。 联想拓展 量词短语归类: 修饰可数名词复数的:many, a good/great many, a great/large(small) number of, hundreds (thousands/millions/billions) of, dozens of, scores of。 修饰不可数名词的:a great/good deal of, much, much of, a large/great amount of。 修饰可数名词复数或不可数名词的:a lot of, lots of, plenty of, half of, part of, one third of, ...percent of。 提示 a great deal 可在句中作状语,修饰动词或形容词和副词的比较级,此时不加 of。 deal 用来表示“大量,相当多”时不用 large 修饰,而习惯用 great/good 来修饰。

upon her children and she seems to have little time for anything else. D. Directed

to escape from the prison, but he couldn’t find anybody to help him. A.succeeded

5. Shortly after the flood. Two 6.We waited for the report of exam with 7.At the foot of the mountain

B. scores C. score of

A. a great deal of B. a great number of C. a great many

A. a village lie B. lies a village C. does a village lie D. lying a village

1. 单项填空 Above all, you should have faith yourself. A.In B. with C. of D. For 解析:选 A。have faith in 相信,信任。句意为:首先,你必须要相信自己。故 A 项符合句 意。 解析:(1)①选 D。考查 aim 的固定搭配。be aimed at 旨在,目的是。 ②选 D。考查词义辨析。attention 注意力;idea 想法 opinion 观点;aim 目的,目标,打算。 (2)①aims at ②aimed at ③aimed ④aim ⑤aims 单项填空 The rain yesterday was heavy. , the roads were flooded. A. As a result of B. As a consequence C. Consequence D. In consequence of 解析:选 B。此处为“结果”之意,作插入语,应用相当于副词的短语,as a consequence= consequently。 完成句子 那幢房子归我所有。 The/house/is ②我们直到签订了所有的文件,才能拥有这座房子。 We can’t the house until all the papers have been signed. 答案:①in my possession/in the possession of me ②take possession of All her energies are upon her children and she seems to have little time for anything else. A. Aimed B. concentrated C. Guided D. Directed 解析:选 B。concentrate energies upon sth.表示“把精力集中在某事上”。aim 可以与 at 搭 配;direct 可以与 to 搭配,表示“把精力集中在……上”。 单项填空 He to escape from the prison, but he couldn’t find anybody to help him. A. Succeeded B. attempted C. advised D. Thought 解析:选 B。句意为:他企图越狱,但找不到人帮他。attempt to do sth.试图做某事。 单项填空 Shortly after the flood. Two police were sent to the spot to keep order. A. scores of B. scores C. score of D. Dozens 解析: C。 选 dozen 和 score 前面有具体数字时, 它们后面不用复数。 正确的表达为: two score (of) police 四十名警察; two dozen police 24 个警察。 单项填空 We waited for the report of exam with anxiety.

A. a great deal of B. a great number of C. a great many D. a plenty of 解析:选 A。此处 anxiety 为抽象名词,排除 B、C 两项; D 项应该为 plenty of。 单项填空 At the foot of the mountain . A. a village lie B. lies a village C. does a village lie D. lying a village 解析:选 B。因为倒装句是把谓语的一部分或者全部提前,因此决定谓语动词单复数的还是 后面的主语。本句就是全部倒装的典型例子。

二、1——5:ABBCD
DCB

6——10:CCAAB

11——13:CDA
21—25 BBADCB

6—10 AAABB 11—15 ABAAA 16—20 CBABB

Keys: 1)It was evident that the accident spot had been counterfeited (伪造)before the traffic policeman came. 2) It is evident that the local government is trying to help the graduates with employment. Keys: 1)You will grow wiser As you grow older. 2) As you are tired, you had better rest. 3)Try As he would, he could not lift the rock. 4) As an honest child, you should tell the truth to your parents. Keys: 1).Also present at the evening party was our favorable English teacher. 2)Very important in the farmers’ life is the CCTV news. 答案:1. influenced 2.beliefs 3.religious 4.creating 5.held 6.discoveries 7.agricultural 8.Impressionism 9.ridiculous 10.on

选修 6

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Art

Exercise(1)
Ⅰ.单项填空 1.Without water,what ________like? A.will the world be B.would the world be C.the world would be D.the world will be 2. George is going to talk about the geography of his country, I’d rathr he__more on its culture. but A.focus B.focused C.would focus D.had focused 3.If my mother_______me about it when I_______young,I would not have made such mistakes. A.has told;were B.told;was C.told;had been D.had told;was 4.He is talking so much about Canada as if he________there. A.went B.has been C.had been D.has gone 5.If it were not for the fact that you________ill, I would ask you to do this right now. A.were B.had been C.are D.should be 6.—Where have you been? —I got caught in traffic;otherwise________sooner. A.I would be here B.I have been here C.I had been here D.I would have been here 7.What should we do if it________tomorrow? A.should snow B.would snow C.snow D.will snow 8.________today, he would get there by Friday. A.Would he leave B.Was he leaving C.Were he to leave D.If he leave 9.But for the Party,he________of hunger 30 years ago. A.would have died B.would die C.must have died D.must die 10.He looked as if he________ill for a long time. A.was B.were C.has been D.had been 11.________he had not hurt his leg, John would have won the race. A.If B.Since C.Though D.When 12.If the weather had been better, we could have had a picnic. But it ________all day. A.rained B.rains C.has rained D.is raining 13.He hesitated for a moment before kicking the ball, otherwise he________a goal. A.had scored B.scored C.would score D.would have scored 14.Thank you for all your hard work last week. I don’t think we ________it without you. A.can manage B.could have managed C.could manage D.can have managed 15.—I’m sorry.I________at you the other day. —Forget it.I was a bit out of control myself.

A.shouldn’t shout B.shouldn’t have shouteC.mustn’t shout D.mustn’t have shouted Ⅱ.根据句意及所给的汉语提示填写单词。 1.________(抽象)nouns are usually uncountable nouns in English. 2.I like the air in the garden which is warm and________(香的). 3.I like cats but unfortunately I’m________(对……过敏的)to them. 4.The old servant has served the family________(忠实地)for thirty years. [答案] faithfully 5.After repeated________(尝试)they finally succeeded in inventing the thing they wanted. 6.We haven’t fixed a________(确切的)date for our meeting up to now. 7.So dark are the________(阴影)that a man standing there could not be seen. 8.It is a(n)________(传统的)church wedding with the bride(新娘)in traditional white. 9.I think the________(永久的)government not the temporary one will help to develop the economy. 10.They divide the city into sections, each ________(区域)having its own streets or blocks. 11.Do you know this kind of wine is________(典型的)of this region? [答案] typical 12.Can you________(预测)the future development tendency(趋向)of table tennis? 13.Who knows when the contract(合同)can be ready for________(签字)? Ⅲ.用下面方框中所给词(组)的正确形式填空。 a great deal,possess,advance,specific,soul,adopt, on the other hand,appeal to What is art?It’s part of our everyday life.Everything we have and use on a daily basis was designed by someone and chances are the better the design, the more they__1__us. Companies such as Apple computers and Starbucks owe(归功于)their success__2__to the great design of their products.It is all about how these companies make us feel.There are also performing arts:music,theater,film,etc… The key characteristic of great art is to cause an emotion on our mind.Art can __3__varying degree of uses.It can be__4__to make a blanket on the floor that looks great and warms our feet.__5__, it can also be purely decorative. People all have different ideas about what is beautiful.The art changes with times,cultures and beliefs,__6__in technology and the availability of materials. The original art has a__7__of its maker in it.The framed print does not.The original art is reserved for a__8__shopper,someone who wants not only original and unique things,but has a sense of style.

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Art

A.had

B.owed

C.possessed

D.possession

Exercise(1)
1.The author was required to submit an ____of about 200 words together with his research paper. A. edition B. editorial C. article D. abstract

11.Before leaving the country ,you must be in _______ of a valid passport. A.provide B.possession C.core D.label

12.You can't legally take _______ of the property until three weeks after the contract is signed. A.charge B.advantage C.control D.possession

2.He will not steal my money ;I have _______ in him. A. credit B. trust C. faith D. fame

13.The_______ of automatic control is widely used in modern economic society. A.technology B.technique C.telegraph D.telegram

3.It rained that day and _______ the baseball game was called off. A. however B. still C. consequently D. so

14.Modern agriculture depend on high_______ as well as traditional methods. A.technique B.skill C.technology D.telegram

4.The project _______ helping young unemployed people. A.aims at B.is aimed at C.aims to D.for the purpose of

15.It took many hours to_______ the court of his guilt. A.believe B.ensure C.convince D.persuade

5.The workers worked day and night , _______ finishing the task on time. A.aimed at B.aiming to C.aiming at D.aimed to

16.He couldn't_______ his father that John was telling the truth. A.convince B.believe C.admit D.persuade

6.I wish you weren't so _______ in the clothes you wear .After all, you are just twenty years old. A.controversial B.conventional C.traditional D.typical

17._ ,my deskmate and I were born on the same day and same year ,so we have a lot in common. A.By accident B.By chance C.By coincidence D.By no means

7.It is _______ of him to be so gentle just like a girl. A.traditional B.typical C.technical D.tolerable

18.I have learned_______ from my visit here, so the city is well worth visiting. A.a great many B.a great deal C.a great deal of D.a bit

8.She has a large collection of CDs .It is _______ to everyone that she loves music. A.obvious B.apparent C.evident D.clear

19.With more forests being destroyed,huge quantities of good earth _______ each year. A.is washing away B.is being washed away C.are washing away D.are being washed away

9.Our school has ___ a new teaching method to meet the requirement of the students. A.adapted B.adopted C.adjusted D.advanced

20._______ people were killed in the earthquake in Sichuan. A.A large number B.A great many C.A great deal of D.A large quantity of

10.A sense of fear _______ him as he walked into the old house.

选修 6

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Art

14. A lamp is concrete and you can touch it ,but its brightness is _______ . A.academic A.a good many A.attached B.abstract B.scores of B.attended B.ensure B.aimed to C.absurd C.a good deal of C.attempted C.convince C.aimed at D.absolute D.a large number D.attained D.convict D.pointed to 15. After the earthquake,_______ food and medicine was sent there. 16. After working hard for several years ,Mike eventually __what he wanted. 17. It's useless trying to _______ her that she doesn't need to lose any weight. A.believe 18. My remarks were not _______ you ,it's Jack's fault. A.aim 19. You can't _______ the house until all the papers have been signed. A.take possession of B.in the possession of C.in possession of D.possession 20. Everybody is preparing for the final exam ,and they are now _______ it. A.in the shadow of B.in the shade of C.under the cover of A.funny A.of;at A.when B.ridiculous B.by;in B.to other hand C.amusing C.of;on D.on;at D.on the other hand D.under the mask of 21. His ____ remark should not be taken as true.How could I do such a foolish thing! D.interesting 22. Scientists are convinced ____the positive effect of laughter_____ physical and mental health. 23. On the one hand ,they'd love to have kids ,but _______ they don't want to give up freedom. C.on another hand 24. _______ to meet you here!The world is becoming smaller and smaller. A.What a coincidence B.What a chance C.What coincidental D.What an accident Nowadays, "QQ supermarket" on line is becoming more and more popular, especially among the office workers in the cities. People have different opinions over this. Some are in favor of the game, thinking it is popular and acceptable. People who play the game can enjoy the pleasure without going out. What's more, it helps forger the trouble in life and reduce heavy pressure from work and study. However, other people go against the game. They believe that many people either wait deep into the night or get up in the early morning, which obviously disturbs people's normal life. Additionally, users are easily addicted to the game,which does harm to their health. Personally speaking, it's one's own business to decide whether to play the game or not. After all, it is merely a game.

Exercise(2)
1. People like to sit _______ the shade in summer, A.under A.shades A.well B.below B.shadows B.beautifully C.into C.light C.ridiculous D.in D.holes D.rich 2. The rat was hidden in the _______ . 3. He looked _______ in his old-fashioned suit. 4. Exploring the polar regions is a _______ issue because it may destroy the ecological environment there. A.conventional B.contradictory C.contemporary D.controversial 5. A man is being questioned in relation to the _______ murder last night. A.advised A.managed B.attended B.succeeded C.attempted C.attempted D.admitted D.thought 6. He _______ to get a high position in the company,but failed because of his carelessness. 7. He was praised by his teacher on one hand ,but blamed by his friends _______ . A.on the contrary B.on the other hand A.tells B.predicts C.on the bright side D.on the whole D.speaks 8. The expert _______ that there will be an earthquake in this area in the near future. C.foretells 9. Every culture has developed _______ for certain kinds of food and drink ,and equally strong negative attitudes toward others. A.preferences B.expectations C.fantasies D.fashions 10.Although there are many _______ programs on television ,I think people should not be spending so much of their time in front of their TV sets. A.worthwhile A.appeal to A.consquently A.predict B.interesting B.stick to B.however B.forecast C.good C.keep to C.whatever C.foretell D.worth D.yield to D.but D.prefer 11. Since they won't listen to the advice ,we have to _______ force. 12. The rain was heavy ,and _______ the land was flooded. 13. Nowadays with the help of advanced equipment, it's easy to _____ the weather ahead of time.

选修 6 unit1 Art Exercise(3)
1. Have faith ______ yourself, be faithful _______your work and make every effort you can and then you are not far away from success. A. of; of B. in; in C. to; in D. in; to 2. Plowing the field is the ______ means to grow crops in China, typical _____ the Chinese farming for thousands of years. A. controversial; with B. traditional; in C. conventional; of D. contemporary; to 3. Strict measures have to be ______ to protect______ children from family abuses. A. adapted; adopted B. adopted; adopted C. adjusted; adjusted D. attached; adopted 4. Students are given a lot of exercises to do, _______ to improve their grades. A. aimed B. aiming C. to be aimed D. to aim 5. Nobody knows for sure who possessed the ancient flower vase. In other words, nobody knows for sure who is ______ of the flower vase. A. in possession B. in the possession C. of the possession D. with possession 6. The story is totally made up. If _______ it happens to be ______ anyone’s experience, we are here to apologize. A. by coincidence; similar to B. by accident; in coincidence with C. by chance; by coincidence with D. X; in coincidence to 7. Whether euthanasia(安乐死) should be made legal has been ___ in the law circle for many years. A. conventional B. controversial C. potential D. experimental 8. It is ridiculous of you to be afraid of your own ______, which follows everywhere you go when there is light. A. shade B. shadow C. figure D. sculpture 9. I have heard of the famous scholar thousands of times but haven’t seen him _____. A. in the flesh B. in personal C. in flesh D. in private 10. All visitors were amazed at the skills and ______ the artist ______ when carving the figure on the marble A. technologies; showed B. techniques; displayed C. technology; made D. technique; displayed 11. In such a ______ situation, we have to be careful of what we say and what we do. A. delicate B. fragile C. weak D. flexible 12. It _______ a superb mind to predict what will exactly happen in the future. A. takes B. costs C. spends D. makes

13. It still remains a mystery why some people are __ certain flower fragrance while others are not. A. allergic to B. accustomed to C. addicted to D. appealing to 14. Egypt ______ a high reputation of ancient civilization across the world A. likes B. appreciates C. enjoys D. is fond of 15. _____ of time and energy has been spent in making the earthquake-stricken areas a permanent museum to remind people how disastrous a natural disaster can be. A. Large quantities B. A great deal C. A good many D. A plenty 16. The girl ______ to figure out what the boy’s attempt was _____ by giving her a bunch of roses but without success . A. managed; X B. succeeded; on C. attempted; at D. tried; on 17. Visual teaching aids _______ to students and help them learn better but ______ they should not be overused in class. A. attract; on the other hand B. appeal; on the other hand C. hold interest; on other hand D. are interested; on one hand 18. ________ exhibits made of clay on exhibition have to be taken special care of _____ them from being damaged . A. Delicate; preventing B. Fragile; to stop C. Weak; to keep D. Faint; keeping 19. The old man enjoys collecting signatures of cotemporary famous people _______ famous paintings. A. with preference of B. in preference to C. in preference for D. with preference to 20. The district committee ______ having a big headache in ______ with the aggressive boys who make trouble now and then in the area. A. is; dealing B. are; dealing C. is; doing D. are; doing 21. Please give us a _______ explanation ______ why you have done so ______ in geometry in school. A. specific; to; well B. concrete; for; good C. general; to; wonderful D. specific; to; good 22. ---I hear there is an art gallery around here and could you tell me how to get to it, sir? ---It is ______207 on the Fifth Avenue. Walk down this street and you ______. A. on; can’t miss it B. at; can’t avoid it C. on; can’t escape D. at; can’t miss it 23. Students are burdened with too much exercises, _______ their school grade. A. aiming to improve B. aiming at improving C. aimed to improve D. aimed to improving 24.You have to be ________. Anybody like you without any ______ experience is not likely to be given a big salary even if you graduate from a famous university. . A. true; realistic B. realistic; practical C. practical; realistic D. real; realistic

选修 6

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Art

Grammar
学习目标: 1. 掌握 if 条件句中虚拟语气的使用 2. 掌握虚拟语气在几种特殊句式中的使用 【概念】英语中的语气分:陈述语气、祈使语气和虚拟语气三类 陈述语气用来陈述事实或可能发生的事; 祈使语气用来提出请求、发出命令、警告、威胁或叮嘱等; 虚拟语气用来表示虚假的、与事实相反的或难以实现的情况;或表示主观愿望及某种强烈情 感。 China is a fast-developing country. ( ) Make yourself at home. ( ) If I were a bird, I could fly in the sky. ( ) Part 1. 基础夯实 展示自我 If 条件句中虚拟语气的使用 虚拟条件状语从句最典型的标志就是由 if 引导,其用法如下: 1. If I were years younger, I would start all over again. 如果我年轻 10 岁, 我会从头开始。 (与现在事实相反,不能实现) 2. If I had enough money now, I would first of all buy myself a DELL computer. 如果我现在有足够的钱,我首先为自己买一台戴尔电脑。 (与_________事实相反) 3. If we had had enough rain last year, we could have gained a good harvest. 如果去年雨水充足的话,我们可能会有一个好的收成。 (与_______ 事实相反) 4. If I should see/ were to see/ saw him tomorrow, I would invite him home. 如果明天我能见到他,我会邀请他到家里来。 (与_______事实相反,事实上是我明天见 不到他,所以不能邀请他到家里来) Fill in the form according to the above sentences. TASK1 If 虚拟条件句及省略倒装 虚拟条件句 主句 与现在事实相反的假设 与过去事实相反的假设 与将来事实相反的假设 1. I didn’t see your sister at the meeting. If she _____ she would have met my brother. A. has done B. did come C. came D. had come 2. If it _____ tomorrow, they would not go there by bike.

A. will rain B. rains C. would rain D were to rain 3. _______ she my daughter, I would not allow her to go to study aboard. A. Is B. Were C. Should D. Will 4. ______ for the free tickets, I would not have gone to the films so often. A If it is not B. Were it not C. Had it not been D. If it has not been 5. ______ it rain tomorrow, we would have to put off the visit to the Yangpu Bridge. A. Were B. Should C. Would D. Will 【思考】在哪种情况下虚拟条件句中的 if 可以省略并倒装

TASK2

含蓄虚拟条件句的使用

1. Without electricity, human life _______ quite different today. A. is B. will be C. would have been D. would be 2. But for the help of my English teacher, I ____ the first prize in the English Writing Competition. A. would not win B. would not have won C. would win D. would have won 3. Yesterday Jane walked away from the discussion. Otherwise, she _____ something she would regret later. A. had said B. said C. might say D. might have said 4. I __________ you more help, but I was too busy. A. may have given B. may give C. might have given D. might give 错综时间虚拟句 TASK3 5. --- The weather has been very hot and dry. --- If it had rained even a drop, things _____ much better now. And my vegetables _______. A would have been, wouldn’t die B. would be, didn’t die C. would have been, didn’t died D. would be, wouldn’t have died 6. If you had given him the present that evening, he _____ so angry now. A. would not have been B. isn’t C. would not be D. wasn’t 【思考】if 条件从句和主句谓语动词所表达的时间 Part 2. 网络归纳 稳步提高 虚拟语气中的几种特殊句式 TASK4 1. He suggested that we should send for a doctor at once.

2. It is import that we should study English well. 3. It’s strange that he should treat his parents like that. 【思考】1. 还有那些动词后需要用 should do? ______________________________________________________________________________

2. 可用于句型 it is + adj. + that sb should do. 的常用形容词还有哪些 TASK5. 由 wish, if only, as if/though 引导的句子。 1. I wish I ____ you yesterday. A seen B did see C had seen D were to see 2. 16.when a pencil is partly in a glass of water, it looks as if it ___. A. breaks B. has broken C. were broken D. had been broken 3. The two strangers talked as if they _____ friends for years. A. should be B would be C. have been D. had been 4. --- He is a very brave man. --- Yes. If only I ______ his courage. A. have B. had C. will have D. would have 【思考】 wish, if only, as if./though 后如何表达虚拟 与将来事实相反:wish, if only, as if./though sb _______________ sth 于现在事实相反:wish, if only, as if./though sb___________ sth 与过去事实相反:wish, if only, as if./though sb __________ sth TASK 6 would rather 句式 1. I’d rather that you _______ there yesterday and ________ again next weekend. A. went; should come B. should go; had come C. had gone; came D. go; come 2. ----- I blamed her yesterday. ----- I would rather you ______ that. A. didn’t do B. hadn’t done C. wouldn’t go D. shouldn’t go 【思考】 would rather 后如何表示与将来和过去的相反 1. 与现在、将来相反______________________________________ 2. 与过去相反____________________________________ TASK 7 It’s (high/ about) time that sb should do/ did sth 一句多译 :我们该吃午饭了。 1. ________________________________________________ 2. ________________________________________________ 3. ________________________________________________ Part3 实战演习 体验高考

1. It is hard for him to imagine what I would be doing today if I ____ in love, at the age of seven, with the Melinda Cox Library in my hometown. A. wouldn’t have fallen B. had not fallen C. should fall D. were to fall 2. _______ be sent to work there. A. Who do you suggest B. Who do you suggest that should C. Do you suggest who should D. Do you suggest whom should 3. ______ fired, your health care and other benefits will not be immediately cut off. A. Would you be B. Should you be C. Could you be D. Might you be 4. I’d rather you________ me the news. A. not tell B. not to tell C. didn’t tell D. hadn’t told 5. If only I_______ to my parents’ advice! A. listening B. listen C. am listening D. had listened 6. If I______with her last summer, I _______with her now. A. worked…am getting on very well B. had worked…would get on very well C. had worked… would have got on very well D. had worked…will get on very well 7. His suggestion that you _____ once more sounds reasonable. A. try B. tries C. must try D. can try 8. What would have happened, _____ as far as the river bank? A. Bob had walked farther B. if Bob should walk farther C. had Bob walked farther D. if Bob walked farther 9. It is strange that he _____ you this. A. would tell B. should tell C. had told D. has told 10. (2011 全国卷,32)They ____have arrived at lunch time but their flight was delayed. A will B. must C. can D. should 11. (2011 北京卷,28)---- Where are the children? The dinner’s going to be completely ruined. ------ I wish they _______ always late. A. weren’t B. hadn’t been C. wouldn’t be D. wouldn’t have been 12. (201 北京卷,30) Maybe if I _____ science, and not literature then, I would be able to give you more help. A. studied B. would study C. had studied D. was studying 13. (2011 福建卷,34) ---Pity you missed the lecture on nuclear polluting. ----- I ____ it, but I was busy preparing for a job interview. A. attended B. had attended C. would attend D. would have attended 14. (2011 陕西卷,22) I ____ through that bitter period without your generous help. A. couldn’t have gone B. didn’t go C. wouldn’t go D. hadn’t gone 15. (2011 江西卷 28) We ______ Jhon’s name on the race list yesterday but fot his recent injury. A. will put B. will have put C. would put D. would have put

选修 6

unit1

Art

Using language
【学习目标】1.准确把握文章主旨;提升文章提炼概括能力。 合作探究,大胆质疑;激情诵读,透彻理解课文。 通过对文章的学习,激发学生对艺术文化的热爱。 【重点难点】理解文章,培养阅读能力和技巧;重组复述课文。 【使用说明与学法指导】 自学:20 分钟课前自学,严格按照要求充分预习课文。 要求:8 分钟迅速默读文章一遍, 把握文章主旨大意。 12 分钟再读课文,深入透彻理解课文,并对重难点进行勾画与标注。 正课:1) 10 分钟组内讨论【课前预习】中存在的问题; 2) 10 分钟展示点评总结; 3) 10 分钟【课内探究Ⅰ】与【点拨提升】 ; 4) 10 分钟时间背诵并进行当堂检测; 5)5 分钟课堂总结评价,整理笔记。 【每日听写】 1. ________________ 2. ________________ 3. ________________ 4. ________________ 5. ________________ 6. ________________ 7. ________________ 8. ________________ 9. ________________ 10. _______________ 11. _______________ 12. _______________ 【课前预习】 (20 分钟完成) TaskⅠ: Scanning How many art galleries are introduced in the passage? What and where are they? Suggested answers: Five The Frick Collection; 5th & Madison Avenues Guggenheim Museum; 5th Avenue & 88th street Metropolitan Museum of Art; 5th Avenue & 82nd Street Museum of Modern Art; 53rd Street Whitney Museum of American Art; 945 Madison Avenue TaskⅡ: Fast reading 1. What’s the main idea of this passage? The passage introduces some best art galleries of Manhattan. 2. 1. The passage may probably come from ________. a newspaper B. a magazine C. a tourist guide book D. a text book

3. You must walk all the way instead of taking a lift if you visit _____. A. Metropolitan Museum of Art B. Whitney Museum of American Art C. Museum of Modern Art D. Guggenheim Museum 4. If you want to see Van Gogh’s paintings you may go to _____. A. The Frick Collection B. Guggenheim Museum C. Museum of Modern Art D. Metropolitan Museum of Art 5. You can expect to see videos in _____. A. Metropolitan Museum of Art B. Museum of Modern Art C. The Frick Collection D. Whitney Museum of American Art TaskⅢ True or false 1. Museum of Modern Art has the greatest collection of art in the United States. 2. Metropolitan Museum of Art introduces you to ancient ways of living. 3. The admission price of Museum of Modern Art is very cheap and it is often crowded. Metropolitan Museum of Art covers more than 5000 years of civilization from many parts of the world including China. Suggested answers: F T F T StepⅣ Language points 【课内探究】先一对一讨论, 然后组内合作讨论,分析长难句。 1.Many art lovers would rather visit this small art gallery than any other in New York. “would rather...than....”, 意为“宁可(愿)??(而) 不要(愿)??”“与其??不如??” 、 。用 以表达主语的意愿, 强调经过选择后做其中一件事, 而不愿做另一件事。如: I would rather watch TV at home than go to the cinema. 我宁可在家看电视而不愿去看电影。 The children would rather walk there than take a bus. 孩子们宁愿步行去那里而不乘公共汽车。 注意: than 后边也应接动词原形, 但如该句型前后连接的两个动词相同, 则 than 之后的那 个动词可省去。如: I’d rather you know that now than afterwards. 我宁可你现在就知道这件事, 而不是以后。 2. Henry Clay Frick, a rich New Yorker, died in 1919, leaving his house, ? 动词-ing 形式作状语时, 可表示时间、原因、结果、条件、让步、行为方式、伴随状况等, 通 常情况下句子的主语与该动词之间是逻辑上的主动关系, 表示时间关系的分词短语有时可由 when 及 while 引出。主语与该动词之间是逻辑上的主动关系, 表示时间。如: Both of his parents died in the war, leaving him alone. Walking in the street, I saw him.

(=When/While I was walking in the street,I saw him.) (1)To buy some salt, the careless housewife went downstairs, _____ the fish ____over the gas. A. left; cooked B. leaving; being cooked C. leaving; cooking D. left; being cooked 2) He is a student at Oxford University, ____ for a degree in computer science. A. studied B. studying C. to have studied D. to be studying 3. Frick had a preference for pre-twentieth century Western paintings, ... have a preference for 偏爱?? prefer to do sth. 更喜欢做某事 prefer sb. to do sth. 宁愿某人做某事 prefer to do sth.rather than do sth. 宁愿??而不愿?? prefer (doing) sth. to (doing) sth. 与??相比更喜欢?? ①I ____ ___ __________ _____ Chinese food. 我更喜欢中餐。 ②Teachers should not ____ ___________ for any particular student. 教师不应该表现出对某一个学生的偏爱。 4. appeal to (1) 向...呼吁, 恳求 They never appealed to us for mercy. 他们从不向我们乞求怜悯。 (2) 诉诸; 求助于 You should not appeal to force. 你们不应该诉诸武力。 He appealed to his friends for support. 他请求朋友支持。 3) 使吸引, 受??欢迎(无被动形式) The idea appealed to Mary. 这主意正合玛丽的心意。 (1) Since they won’t listen to the advice, we have to ________ force. A. appeal to B. stick to C. keep to D. yield to (2) As an adult, he never appeals ________ his parents ______ financial help. A. on; for B. to; for C. 不填; for D. to; of (3) Many newspapers ________ the crowd. A. are appealed to B. appeal on C. appeal to D. appeal (4) It's a reference book intended to appeal mainly ______ students of Grade 3. A.to B.for C.on D.as (5)Teaching as a career ______ to many people because of the long holidays. A.attracts B.calls C.appeals D.pulls You feel as if you were inside a fragile, white seashell. as if 从句用陈述语气:当说话者认为句子所述的是真实的或极有可能发生或存在的事实时。 如: It sounds as if it is raining. 听起来像是在下雨。

He talks as if he is drunk. 从他谈话的样子来看他是醉了。 (2) as if 从句用虚拟语气:当说话人认为句子所述的是不真实的或极少有可能发生或存在的 情况时。从句虚拟语气动词时态的形式如下: 如果从句表示与现在事实相反,谓语动词用一般过去时。如: You look as if you didn’t care. 你看上去好像并不在乎。 He talks as if he knew where she was 他说话的样子好像他知道她在哪里似的。 ②从句表示与过去事实相反,谓语动词用“had+过去分词” 。如: He talks about Rome as if he had been there before. The girl listened as if she had been turned to stone. ③从句表示与将来事实相反, 谓语动词用 “would/could/might+动词原形” 如: He opened his mouth as if he would say something. It looks as if it might snow. 6. The best way to see the paintings is to start from the top floor and walk down to the bottom. 不定式作表语常表示将来的动作, 主语常是表示意向、打算、计划的词, 如 wish, idea, task, purpose, duty, job 等。如: The purpose of the organization is to greet all newcomers to the city and to provide them with any necessary information. 那个组织的目的是接待来到这个城市的新移民,为他们提供必要的信息。 The most important thing for one's health is to have plenty of exercise. 对人的健康来说,最重要的是多运动。 What I wanted was to get the work done as quickly as possible. 我想要的是尽快完成那项工作。 7. It is amazing that so many great works of art from the late-19th century to the 21st century could be contained in the same museum. 这是一个由形式主语 it 引导的句子,其句型结构为: It is + adj. + that clause., 真正的主语是后面的 that 从句。 It is possible that it will rain tomorrow. 明天可能会下雨 It was clear that they hadn't made a decision. 很明显,他们还没作出决定。 拓展: It is + n. +从句 It’s a pity/shame that? (should)? ??竟然?? (1)为你的粗鲁向她道歉是很有必要的。 ____________ you should apologize to her for your rudeness. (2)在北京成功举办 2008 年奥运会是我们极大的荣耀。 ____________ we succeeded in holding the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing.

选修 6

unit1

Art

Language points
VI 重点句子 (旨在提供句子结构等所需材料) 1. But it was evident that ideas were changing in the 13th century when painters like Giotto di Bondone began to paint religious scenes in a more realistic way. 但是,很显然在 13 世纪时(人们的)思想正经历着变化,像乔托这样的画家开始以一种较 为现实的风格来画宗教场景。 [解释] It is evident that…(很)显然… “it”在句中充当形式主语,“that”引导的主语从句为真 正的主语。为了句子的平衡移到后面,可以避免句子结构的头重脚轻. [典例]It's evident that the plan is impracticable. 很明显这计划是不能实现的。 It was evident that the couple still love for each other. 很显然这对夫妇依然爱着对方。 [练习] 汉译英 1) 很显然,在警察赶到前犯罪现场经过了伪造。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 2) 很明显政府正试图帮助大学生就业。 ______________________________________________________________________________ 2. They tried to paint people and nature as they really were.他们试图真实地描绘人物与自然。 [解释] as 1) conj. (1)如,像;按照…… (2)当…时候,一面…一面…;随着… (3)因为,既然 (4)尽管 2) prep. 作为,如同 [典例] 1) The work is not so easy as you imagine.这项工作并没你想象的那么容易。 2) Everything goes as I expected.事情正如我期望那样进行着。 3) As day goes by, the boy became more patient with his girlfriend. 随着日子的流逝,男孩对女朋友越来越有耐心了。 4) They sang songs as they were doing farm work.他们一边干农活一边唱歌。 5) As he still a child, he lived in a remote village with his old granny. 他小的时候和他的祖母生活 在一个遥远的村庄里。 6) As everything is ready, let’s go. 既然都准备好了,我们出发吧。 7) Ridiculous as it seems, the tale is true. 这个故事看似荒唐,却是真的 8) As a work of art it is very poor. 作为艺术品这是十分拙劣的。 9) As your good friend, I had to give you the kindest advice. 作为你的好朋友,我得给你我最善 意的忠告。 [练习] 汉译英 1) 随着你年龄的增长, 你会变得更聪明。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 2) (既然)你累了, 最好休息一下。

_______________________________________________________________________________ 3) 他虽然尽了最大努力, 仍不能搬动那块石头。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 4) 作为一个诚实的孩子,你应该向父母说出事实. _______________________________________________________________________________ 3. Among the painters who broke away from the traditional style of painting were the Impressionists. 突破传统绘画风格的画家中包括了印象派画家。 [解释] 本句为倒装句,原语序为: The Impressionists were among the painters who broke away from the traditional style of painting. 本句结构为“介词短语+连系动词+主语”(倒装语序) 在英语语法中,当介词短语/形容词/分词提到连系动词前面时,句子要求采用全部倒装。构 成“介词短语/ 形容词/分词+连系动词+主语 ”(倒装语序)全部倒装是只将句子中的谓语动 词全部置于主语之前。 [注意] 此结构通常只用与一般现在时和一般过去时 [典例] 1) Growing around the garden are different kinds of flowers.花园里开满了五颜六色的花。 2) Near the window is a sad mother.窗户的旁边是一位悲伤的母亲。 [练习] 汉译英 1)出席英语晚会的有我们喜欢的英语老师。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 2)农民生活中很重要的一件事情就是看中央电视台新闻。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 二、课文要点 1 课文词汇等填空(旨在复习本课文中的单词拼写和主要词语等) 根据课文内容完成下面语法填空,注意单词拼写和词语用法: Western art is 1________ (影响)by the way of life and 2 __________ (believe) of people. During the Middle Ages the main aim of painters was to represent 3____________ (传统 的)themes. Artists were interested in 4_______________ (create) respect and love for God. In the Renaissance new ideas and values took the place of those 5_______________ (hold)in the Middle Ages when people focused more on humans. One of the most important 6______________ (discover) during this period was how to draw things in perspective. In the late 19th, Europe changed from a mostly 7_____________ (agriculture) society to a mostly industrial one. 8______________ (印象派) dated from the late 19th to the early 20th century. However, at first the paintings of this period were thought to be 9____________ (可笑的) . Then modern art, the painter does not attempt to paint objects as we see them with our eyes but concentrates 10____________ certain qualities of the object.

选修 6

unit1

Art

Reading
Teaching aims 1 .Knowledge Aims Have a good understanding of the text by doing the exercises. 2. Ability Aims 1). Grasp some reading skills. 2). Develop the ability to describe some famous scientists. 3. Emotional Aims Encourage the students to work hard at their lessons in order to devote themselves to science. Teaching Important Points 1. Have a good understanding of the text by doing the exercises. 2. Get the students to learn different reading skills, especially gist reading and comprehending beyond lines. Teaching Difficulties 1. Know the meanings between lines and beyond lines. 2. Learn different reading skills for different reading purposes. Teaching Aids CAI equipment with a mult-media classroom and other normal teaching tools. Teaching Procedure StepⅠ Greeting & Revision Check the homework. StepⅡ Lead in StepⅢ Fast Reading: Read the passage as quickly as you can to find out the answers to the questions on the screen 1. What were the artists interested in from 5th to 15th century AD? Creating _respect_ and _love_ for God. 2. How did Masaccio paint his paintings? He drew things in perspective_, which makes pictures very _realistic. 3. Why did the impressionists have to paint quickly? Because the natural light _changes_ quickly, they had to _paint_ quickly. StepⅣ Careful reading:

True or False 1. Western art has changed very little over the last seventeen centuries. 2. Painters in the Middle Ages painted mainly religious subjects. 3. Paintings in the Middle Ages were very realistic. 4. Renaissance painters tried to paint things in a realistic way. 5. Two important discoveries in the Renaissance period were oil paints and drawing in perspective. 6. Impressionists painted their pictures mainly indoors. 7. At first people did not like the impressionists’ paintings. 8. Modern art began with the impressionists. StepⅤ Discussion Go through the passage and analyze the characters of each period. Ages Middle Ages Renaissance Impressionism Modern Time 5th to 15th century AD 15th to 16th century AD Late 19th to early 20th 20th century to today not mentioned not mentioned Artist Feature Religious, realistic perspective, realistic

StepⅥ. Summary The style of Western art has changed ____ _____ , while Chinese art has changed___ ____. Art is_________ by the way of ____and_______. During the Middle Ages, the main_____ of painters was to ______ _______themes. Artists were _________ ____ creating _______and _____for God. In the Renaissance, people became_______ more on _______and less on_______. Artists tried to paint _____ and _______ ____they really______. Masaccio used___________ in his paintings which made people________ they were _______ _______a hole in the wall ____ a real scene. In the late 19th century, Europe changed __________from a mostly_________ society to a mostly_________ one. The ___________were the first to paint_______. They had to paint ______and their paintings were not ___ _____ ___ ______of earlier painters. Today people accept ___________ ________as the ________ of_______ ____. Some modern art is _______while some is________. StepⅦ. Homework


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