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2013高考英语二轮复习课件第3专题


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第一部分 基础知识板块

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【诊断平台】

1.I don

t understand how you got a fine. I always

you

a car

eful driver.

?

A.think; are C.thought; were

B.am thinking; are D.think; were

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2.These interesting articles were written by Anna, who our magazine these years. A.wrote C.is writing B.would write D.has been writing

for

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3.—Ready to quit guessing, Sandy?
—No, no, I hold on! I think I A.come C.came B.have come D.am coming to the answer.

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4.I want to buy that kind of cloth because I

the cloth

well.
A.have told; washes B.was told; was washed C.have been told; washes D.have been told; is washed

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5.They won t buy any new clothes because they
new car. A.save C.are saving B.were saving D.have saved

money for a

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6.Now that I fault. A.had lost C.have lost B.lost D.lose

all the money, it s no use saying it

s all my

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7.—It is the first time that I

here in Hong Kong. here last time.

—What great changes!It s ten years since I A.have been; came B.have been; have come C.am; came D.was; have been 【答案】1~5 CDDCC 6~7 CA

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【误区诊断】
题号 易误选项 错误根源

1
2 3

A、B、D
A B

受always的误导。
没有分析语境,受were written的误导而选了一般过去时。 受中文思维的影响,对语境理解不透彻。

4
5 6 7

D
D B C

不了解主动表被动的用法。
没有分清“买新衣服”与 “攒钱买车”的先后关系。 分不清一般过去时与现在完成时的区别。 没有掌握一些句型的时态。

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【名师解析】
1.C 考查动词时态。根据语境可知对方得到了罚单让说话人不解, 因为过去以为对方一直是一个细心谨慎的司机,故用过去时。 2.D 考查动词时态。由these years可知此处应该用完成时,故选D 项。句意:这些有趣的文章是由安娜写的,她这些年一直为我们杂志

写稿。
3.D 考查动词时态。由语境可知,此处指想继续猜,认为就要找到 答案了。现在进行时可表示马上就要发生的事,故选D项。 4.C 考查时态与语态。第一空表示过去被告知对现在的影响,故用 现在完成时的被动语态;wash表示这块布的特性,“易漂洗”,应用一

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般现在时,故选C项。 5.C 考查动词时态。由语境可知他们正在存钱买新车,故选C项。 6.C 考查动词时态。此处表已经丢了钱的这个事实对现在的影响, 故用现在完成时。 7.A 考查动词时态。It is the first time that后接从句时必须用现在 完成时;since后接从句时通常用一般过去时,故选A项。句意:“这是 我第一次来香港。”“变化好大呀!自从我上次来这儿已经有十年 了。”

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?
【考点精要】
难点一 易混淆的时态

1.一般过去时与现在完成时 一般过去时只表示发生在过去的动作,与现在无关;现在完成时表示

的动作虽然发生在过去,但与现在有密切的联系。例如:
(2012· 天津卷,12)The three of us travelled around Europe for about a

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month last summer. 去年夏天我们三人周游欧洲大约一个月。 2.现在进行时与现在完成进行时 现在进行时强调目前所处的状态或某一时刻正在进行的动作,而现

在完成进行时强调在一段时期内持续存在的状态或反复进行的动
作。例如: (2012· 全国Ⅱ卷,18)The manager has been telling the workers how to improve the program since 9 am. 经理从早上9点开始就一直在不停

地告诉工人们如何改进这个项目。 难点二 固定句型中固定时态的用法

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It / This is the first / second time that... 从句中用现在完成时; It / This was the first / second time that... 从句中用过去完成时。例 如: (2009· 陕西卷,9)This is the first time we have seen a film in the cinema together as a family. 这是我们全家第一次到电影院看电影。 难点三 无被动形式的动词

不及物动词和系动词不能用被动形式。

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?

(2010· 重庆卷,29)The palace caught fire three times in the

last century, and little of the original building remains now. 上个世纪 这座宫殿着了三次火,其原始建筑几乎没留下来。

?

(2009· 重庆卷,30)Professor Williams keeps telling his

students that the future belongs to the well-educated. Williams教授不 断告诉学生们未来属于受过良好教育的人。

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【考情报告】 考点分布统计表
项目 考点 全国卷年份· 题号 2012年其他卷· 题号

时态

一般现在时

2012,23;2011,23;

安徽,33

现在进行时
现在完成时 现在完成进行时 2010,28; 江西,26;湖南,33;浙江,16 全国Ⅱ,18;安徽,26

一般过去时

2012,33

重庆,22;北京,30;全国Ⅱ,14;天津
,12;山东,28;浙江,13;江苏,34

过去进行时

2011,24; 2010,21

四川,9;福建,24

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(续表)
时态 过去完成时 一般将来时 江苏,32 湖南,27;湖南,25;重庆,27;北京,22

将来进行时
过去将来时 将来完成时(超纲)

辽宁,31;陕西,24
山东,34 上海,30

过去完成进行时
(超纲)

2011,29

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(续表)
被动 语态 现在进行时 现在完成时 一般过去时 过去进行时 过去完成时 一般将来时 过去将来时 2010,32 湖南,22;辽宁,35 北京,29;天津,2 安徽,35 四川,11 一般现在时 上海,26

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时态和语态在历年高考中所占比例最大,是高考必考查项目之 一。主要在具体语境中考查常用时态的用法,情景中经常没有明显 的时间状语。命题人往往利用多种形式和手段来考查考生对动词 时态和语态的掌握和综合处理情况。 【考向预测】 易混淆的时态仍是考查重点;被动语态除了考查其基本用法外, 系动词、不及物动词不能用被动形式,以及主动表被动的几种情况 也是高考考查的重点。

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【解题技巧】
1.根据明确的时间或隐蔽的时间信息,确定相应时态。同时注 意有些时间信息的实际意义,如,并非有for作为时间状语的句子都用 现在完成时,并非有now作为时间状语的句子都用现在进行时,这就 要求根据语境和说话者的意图来判断时态。

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?
car.

(2012· 上海卷,30)—I hear that Jason is planning to buy a

—I know. By next month, he A.will have saved C.has saved 【点石成金】A 将来完成时。 B.will be saving

enough for a used one.

D.saves 考查动词时态。由by next month可知此处应该用

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?

(2008天津卷,14)He

football regularly for

many years when he was young.

A.was playing C.has played
【点石成金】B

B.played D.had played
考查动词时态。此题要求理解题干中句子的含义。

题干中的“for many years”易使考生误选现在完成时,但“when he was young”这个时间状语表明“他”踢球是过去,未持续到现在。由“reg ularly”可知“他”过去经常踢球,是一种过去的习惯性的动作,故选B 项,同时可排除A项,“was playing”意为“过去某时间段内正在踢”。 D 项为过去完成时,表“过去的过去”,此题并无此意,故排除D项。
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2.根据语境和说话意图,确定时态。

?

(2012· 江西卷,26)—Look! Somebody t me. I didn t do it.

the sofa.

—Well, it wasn A.is cleaning C.has cleaned

B.was cleaning D.had cleaned

【点石成金】C

考查动词时态。由Look以及I didn t do it可知现

在沙发还干净是因为有人打扫了沙发,故用现在完成时。句意:“看, 有人已经打扫了沙发。”“哦,不是我,我没有做。”

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3.根据固定句式选择相应的动词时态。

?
you A.saw C.will see

(2012· 湖南卷,25)Close the door of fear behind you, and the door of faith open before you. B.have seen D.are seeing

【点石成金】C

考查动词时态。这是祈使句+and+并列句。因祈

使句相当于一个if引导的条件状语从句,故并列句谓语常用一般将来 时态。句意:关上你身后的恐惧之门,你就会看到信心之门在你面前

敞开着。
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4.根据动词与主语的关系选择相应语态。

?

(2012· 上海卷,26) Is honesty the best policy? We

that it is when we are little. A.will teach C.are taught 【点石成金】C B.teach D.will be taught 考查动词时态语态。由句意和系动词is与 are的

时态可知,这两句话是就一般情况而言,所以应该用一般现在时;we

与teach为动宾关系,故用被动语态。

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?
1.(2012· 陕西西工大附中质检)—This is the first time I
first picture with my own hands. —It s time that you a photo of me. B.have taken; took D.will take; have taken 考查动词时态。This is the first time后接从句要 s time that后接从句时要用虚拟语气,谓语动词用

my

A.took; took C.took; will take 【答案与解析】B 用现在完成时;It

般过去时或“should+动词原形”。 一
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2.(2012· 陕西西工大附中质检)As you can see, the number of cars on roads A.was keeping C.keeps rising these days. B.keep

D.were keeping 考查时态以及主谓一致。由these days可知空格

【答案与解析】C

处应该用现在时,故排除A、D两项;the number of做主语时,谓语动词

要用单数形式,所以C项正确。

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3.(2012· 陕西西工大附中质检)My cousin went to Canada two years a-

go. He ?
A.worked

there for a few months and then went to America.
B.would work

C.would be working
【答案与解析】A

D.has been working
考查动词时态。由“then went to America”可

知,现在不在那儿工作了,是过去工作了几个月,故用一般过去时。

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4.(2012· 安徽濉溪高三月考) — How about buying Sam a mobile phone? After all, he isn t a boy any more.

—I think it necessary, for we sometimes want to make sure if he
home for dinner. A.will come C.has come B.comes D.would come 考查动词时态。由语境可知此处指“是否他会

【答案与解析】A

回来吃晚饭”,表将来,用一般将来时。if并不是引导时间状语从句, 不能用一般现在时表将来,故B项错误。

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5.(2012· 河北正定中学综合)We

what gift we should send to

our teacher when Todd came up with a good idea.

A.argued about
B.had argued about C.were arguing about

D.would argue about
【答案与解析】C 考查动词时态。由“when Todd came up with a

good idea”可知当Todd想起一个好主意时,我们正在讨论应该送什 么礼物给老师,故应该用过去进行时。
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6.(2012· 河北正定中学综合)Don for you at the exit of the airport. A.am waiting B.wait

t worry. When you arrive, I

C.am going to wait

D.will be waiting

【答案与解析】D

考查动词时态。由语境可知,空格处表将来,故

排除A、B两项,由When you arrive可知,在“你到达”这一时间点上, “我”将正在出口处等你,故选D项。

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7.(2012· 浙江苍南中学期中) Ladies and gentlemen, please fasten your seat belts. The plane A.is taking off C.has taken off 【答案与解析】A B.takes off D.will be taken off 考查动词时态。一些趋向动词常用现在进行时 .

表即将发生的将来,此处指飞机即将起飞,故选A项。

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8.(2012· 辽宁沈阳二中期中)—Hello, I London, how long have you been here?

you

in

—I came here last week.
A.don B.didn t know; were t know; were

C.haven t known; are
D.hadn t known; are 考查动词时态。此处指第一个说话人之前不知

【答案与解析】B

道对方在伦敦,故用一般过去时。
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9.(2012· 重庆万州二中月考) Ever since the financial crisis many workers from their jobs.

,

A.broke out; were laid off
B.has broken out; were laid off C.had broken out; had been laid off

D.broke out; have been laid off
【答案与解析】D 考查动词时态和语态。句意:自从金融危机爆

发以来,许多工人被裁员。通常ever since引导的从句用一般过去时 的时候,主句用现在完成时。
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10.(2012· 宿州二中检测) She summer and it is supposed to

on a new novel ever since this at the beginning of 2013.

A.had worked; be published
B.had been working; have published C.has worked; publish D.has been working; be published 【答案与解析】D 考查动词时态和语态。ever since作状语时,其

从句一般用现在完成时,此处强调自从暑假以来一直在做某事,故用 现在完成进行时;第二空表被动,故选D项。句意:这个暑假她一直在

写一篇新的小说,这部小说应该在2013年初出版。
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11.—It seems that Jack s health is improving. —Yes. It is five years ? A.since; smoked B.since; didn C.that; smoked D.before; smoked 【答案与解析】A 考查动词时态。若since引导的状语从句的谓语 t smoke he ? .

动词是持续性动词或表示状态的动词的过去时,则从句表示的时间 是“从那个持续动作或状态结束时算起”,此处表示自从他不抽烟

以来有五年了,没有必要再加以否定。
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12.—Has your sister come back from Canada? —Yes, she there for ten years.

A.has stayed
C.stays

B.stayed

D.had stayed 考查动词时态。由回答“Yes”可知姐姐现在

【答案与解析】B

已经回来了,过去在加拿大待了十年,故用一般过去时。

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13.—What

s up? him?

—Jim should be here by now. What

A.was kept
C.had kept

B.is keeping
D.will keep 考查动词时态。由前一句提到的“吉姆现在应

【答案与解析】B

该在这儿”可知此处应该用现在进行时,表示不知道目前是什么阻 止了他的到来。

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14.—Look! How long —More than 20 days! It in May. A.did it rain B.is it raining

like this? s usual here that rain pours without stopping

C.has it been raining

D.does it rain

【答案与解析】C

考查动词时态。how long常与完成时相连用,此

处用完成进行时表示抱怨雨下得没完没了,故选C项。

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15.—The teacher asked us to read over the book several times and he said the exam would be based on the book.

—I
A.haven C.hadn

the book once. What should I do?
t even read t even read B.wasn t even reading

D.doesn t even read

【答案与解析】A

考查动词时态。现在完成时表示过去发生或已

经完成的某一动作对现在造成的影响或结果。常与just,already,never,ever,before,yet,once,twice, so far,during the past(last)three years等 连用,故选A项。句意:“老师让多看几遍书,说都考书里的。”“书 我连一遍还没看过呢。这可怎么办呢?”
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16.We

re in financial trouble but you

spending money.

A.are always going out B.was always going out C.have always gone out D.would always have gone out 【答案与解析】A 考查动词时态。现在进行时与频度副词always,

constantly,continually等连用,表示夸奖,埋怨等感情色彩,并不强调动

作正在进行。句意:我们处在经济危机中,可你总是要出去花钱。

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17.The pipe in my bathroom is broken, and now the water because there is no pressure. A.doesn C.didn t flow t flow B.isn t flowing D.hasn t flown

【答案与解析】A

考查动词时态。空格处说明的是现在的一般状

态,故选A项。B项通常强调正在进行的动作,故不能选。句意:我厕 所的水管坏了,现在水因为缺压流不出来。

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18.—May I use your car, Nick? —Sorry. Mine A.doesn C.wasn t work t working . It hasn B.didn D.isn t worked for weeks. t work t working

【答案与解析】A

考查动词时态。句意:“尼克,我可以用你的汽

车吗?”“对不起,我的车不能用了,有几个星期了。”由sorry可知 答语者的汽车现在不能用了,然后用“It hasn t worked for weeks”

进一步解释已经几个星期都不能用了,故空格处用一般现在时。

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19.— Have you met Mr Li? —Yes. When I arrived, he conference. A.just left C.just leaves B.had just left D.was just leaving for Shanghai to attend a national

【答案与解析】D

考查动词时态。从语境可知答语者遇见李先生

时,李先生正准备离开,故选D项。

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20.After the rainstorm in Beijing, rescue workers spent several hours trying to save people who in the car.

A.are trapped
C.were trapping

B.had been trapped
D.have trapped 考查时态和语态。句意:暴风雨发生在北京后,

【答案与解析】B

救援工作者们花费了几个小时,试图救出那些被困在车里的人们。 主句为一般过去时,定语从句应用过去完成时的被动语态,表示“被 困”的动作在主句之前发生。

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?
(时间:30分钟)

Ⅰ.阅读理解
A Tuy Sereivathana was born in 1970, the same year that Cambodia entered into a period of extreme political reform. In 1975 his family fled from the city to the rural village where Tuy Tuy s father s family lived.

s parents, both well-educated, taught school in the mornings to the

local children and farmed in the afternoon to make ends meet. During
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his childhood years in the countryside, Tuy developed a deep respect for nature and was particularly fascinated with elephants. Later, when he was awarded a scholarship to attend university in Belarus, he focused on forestry studies and returned to Cambodia committed to working to conserve his country s natural resources. Cambodia has a long history of peaceful coexistence between people and elephants. Its most famous building, the Angkor Wat temple, was built out of stone with the help of elephants. However, with their habitat decreasing, elephants were destroying farms as they looked for food. More and more farmers had to kill them to protect their crops.

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As a ranger (国家公园管理员) in Cambodia

s national parks, Tuy

connected with rural communities throughout the country and learned more about elephant migration and ecosystems. In Prey Proseth and Trang Troyeng, there lived 30,000 people on the forest s edge, where

he was aware of the lack of capacity within these communities to manage the human-elephant conflict. Tuy began to teach villagers how to use fences, fireworks and fog horns to keep off elephants. More impor-

tantly, he taught the farmers to work together, encouraging them to organize overnight guard groups to protect the fields. Tuy also informed the communities of the national and religious pride attached to the ele-

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phants. Tuy was able to set up four schools. One day per week, these schools teach children about the natural environment, elephants and other wildlife, and how to live in harmony with nature. As a result of Tuy involvement with the project, there wasn s

t a single confirmed elephant

death due to human-elephant conflict since 2005.

【语篇大意】本文主要讲述了Tuy Sereivathana在保护大象方面,尤 其是在处理人们与大象之间的冲突方面,所作的贡献。

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1.By teaching in the morning and farming in the afternoon, Tuy ents .

s par-

A.could only earned enough to support the family
B.gained a lot of wealth C.developed Tuy s interest in nature

D.afforded to send Tuy to university in Belarus
【答案与解析】A 推断题。根据第1段第3句中的“...to make ends

meet”可知,Tuy的父母工作所赚的钱仅够养家糊口。

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2.Which of the following is TRUE about Tuy Sereivathana? A.He had an unhappy childhood in the countryside. B.He took no interest in his major in Belarus University. C.After graduation, he returned to his own country. D.He loved elephants when he was in university. 【答案与解析】C 细节题。从文中第1段最后一句“he focused on

forestry studies and returned to Cambodia committed to working”可

知, Tuy Sereivathana 又回到了他自己的国家——柬埔寨。

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3.Elephants destroyed farms because A.more and more farmers killed them B.they couldn t find enough to eat

.

C.they hated a peaceful coexistence with people D.their habitat was completely occupied by the people 【答案与解析】B 细节题。从文中第2段第3句“However, with

their habitat decreasing, elephants were destroying farms as they

looked for food”可知,大象破坏庄稼主要是因为想找食物。

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4.According to Paragraph 3, we can infer

.

A.Tuy volunteered to be an overnight guard to protect the fields B.people didn t know elephants were the national and religious pride

C.Tuy had an important part in solving the human-elephant conflict D.people knew how to deal with the conflict between them and elephants
【答案与解析】C 推断题。由第3段第3句“Tuy began to teach villag

ers how to use fences...organize overnight guard groups to protect the fiel
ds” 可知,在处理村民与大象之间的冲突时,Tuy 起着重要的作用。
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5.What does the last paragraph mainly tell us? A.There wasn t a single confirmed elephant.

B.Elephants are friendlier than before. C.Protection of nature are taught in the school. D.Tuy s work is a great success. 推断题。根据文章的最后一句“从2005年以来

【答案与解析】D

没有一只象因人象冲突而死亡”可知,Tuy的工作取得了成效。

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B On a hot summer day is there anything that tastes as delicious and refreshing as a cold, juicy round watermelon? No wonder this healthy fruit has been enjoyed by man for thousands of years. How about trying square watermelons instead of round ones? Sounds fascinating, doesn t it? Recently farmers in the southern Japanese town of Zentsuji have discovered a technique to grow their watermelons in square shape, says a report of CNN. The reason they re doing this in Japan is because of

lack of space in refrigerators. They are trying to make watermelons “refrigerator friendly”.
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A round watermelon can take up a lot of room in a refrigerator, and the usually round fruit often sits awkwardly on refrigerator shelves. Smart Japanese farmers have forced their watermelons to grow into a square shape by inserting the melons into square, tempered glass cases while the fruit is still growing on the vine. But these square watermelons come with an expensive tag (标签). Regular watermelons in Japan cost from $15 to $25 each. Each square watermelon costs about $82.Being

quite expensive these watermelons would certainly not be consumed by
general public. That gifts! s for sure. Maybe consumers may give them as

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But it is also said that there does appear to be a growing US market for watermelon that is more refrigerator-friendly. The industry is hearing from consumers that size does matter. The so-called fresh-cut watermelon is widely available at US groceries, another possible solution to a crisis (危机) created by oversized melons. US watermelon lovers will have to settle for fresh-cut for now, and the $82, square watermelon won t be showing up at American groceries

very soon. What would you prefer, square watermelons or curved refrigerators? Who knows in the future there could be watermelon friendly refrigerators for all you watermelons lovers instead!

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【语篇大意】为了便于在冰箱里储存,日本的农民培养出了方形的 西瓜。 6.What is the passage mainly about? A.The growing market of watermelons. B.The taste of round watermelons. C.The space in refrigerators. D.A special shaped watermelons. 【答案与解析】D 主旨大意题。正常的西瓜是圆形的,而文章主

要讲述的是“方形的西瓜”。

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7.Farmers in Japan grow square watermelons because A.they taste more delicious than round ones B.they can earn more money by doing it C.they take up less space in refrigerators than round ones D.they can t roll off the shelves easily

.

【答案与解析】C

细节题。由于冰箱里面空间狭小,人们种方形

西瓜就是因为它们比圆形西瓜占的空间要少。

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8.The underlined word “them” in Paragraph 3 refers to A.the consumers B.general public C.square watermelons D.round watermelons 【答案与解析】C

.

推断题。前面提到“方形西瓜”,所以此处的

them指的就是“方形西瓜”。

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9.How do people deal with oversized melons in the markets? A.They put the melons in refrigerators. B.They cut the melons into proper pieces before selling them. C.They put expensive tags on them. D.They sell the melons separately. 【答案与解析】B 细节题。“fresh-cut”这种办法解决了特大型

西瓜放进冰箱的问题。

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10.Why won soon?

t square watermelons appear at American groceries very

A.They cost too much.
B.Curved refrigerators have been used. C.People only give them as gifts.

D.They are not fresh.
【答案与解析】A 推断题。一般的西瓜卖15~25美元,而方形西瓜

高达82美元,价格太高是不可能很快出现在美国食品店的原因。

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Ⅱ.书面表达 请根据下表内容写一篇《感动中国》2011年度人物——张平宜的 文章。
姓名 事 张平宜 职业 原台湾记者,现志愿者

1.2000年四川凉山采访麻风疯病人,看到唯一的一个小学破



败不堪,下决心帮助当地教育;
2.到台湾后筹集资金,2002年在凉山建立一个新校舍。 3.2003年辞去高薪工作,10多年来致力于凉山教育。 4.这个学校已经培养了100多个毕业生。

影 响

当问到为什么这样做时,她回答“作为母亲,看到这些孩子, 我不忍心掉头回去”。她的事迹感动海峡两岸的人们,2011 年被选为感动中国人物。

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注意:1.词数:100左右,开头已经给出,不计入总词数;

2.不要逐条翻译,可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 参考词汇:麻风病的 leper; 辞职 resign Zhang Pingyi, a journalist-turned volunteer from Taiwan has been

elected the “Moving China Unsung Heroes of 2011”.

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One possible version: Zhang Pingyi, a journalist-turned volunteer from Taiwan has been elected the “Moving China Unsung Heroes of 2011”. Zhang, once a journalist in Taiwan, entered Liangshan, Sichuan

Province, for an interview with leper patients in 2000.When seeing the
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only school in bad conditions, she decided to help the poor children there. When returning to Taiwan, she tried her best to raise money everywhere and in 2002 a new school was set up in Liangshan with the money she raised. In 2003, she resigned from her position and has devoted herself to the education in Liangshan until now. So far, more than 100 students have graduated from the school. When asked why she was so willing to do that, she just said, “As a

mother, seeing the poor children, I can t turn away.” Her deeds have
moved all the Chinese people.

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