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2012高考英语试卷(1)及标准答案 全国卷(2)及答案 完成版


2012 高考试卷 第二部 分英语知识运用 (共两节.满分 45 分) 第一节 单项填空 (共 15 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、c、D 四个选项中.选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。 例:We last night ,butwe went to the concert instead A.must have studied B.mi

ght study C.should have studied D.would study 答案是:C 21.-Which one of these do you want? Either will do . A. I don't mind B. I'm sure C. No problem D. Go ahead 22. Sarah looked at finished painting with satisfaction. A.不填;a B. a; the C. the; 不填 D. the; a 23. "Life is like walking in the snow", Granny used to say, "because every step ” A. has shown B. is showing C. shows D. showed 24. h is by no means clear the president can do to end the strike. A. how B. which C. that D. what 25. I don't believe we've met before, I must say you do look familiar. A. therefore B. although C. since D. tailes3 26. The result is not very important to us, but if we do win, then so much A. the best B. best C. better D. the better 27. Mary is really good at taking notes in class. She can_ almost every word her teacher says. A. put out B. put down C. put away D.put together 28. The party will be held in the garden, weather . A. permitting B. to permit C. permitted D. permit 29. This restaurant wasn't_ that other restaurant we went to. A. half as good as B. as half good as C. as good as half D. flood as half as 30. I _use a clock to wake me up because at six o'clock each morning the train comes by my house. A. couldn't B. mustn't
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C. shouldn't D. needn't 31. Larry asks Bill and Peter to go on a picnic with him, but_ of them wants to, because they have work to do. A.either B.any c.neither D. none 32. Film has a much shorter history, especially when_ such art forms as music and painting. A. having compared to B. comparing to C. compare to D. compared to 33.I had been working on math for the whole afternoon and the numbers before my eyes. A.swim B .swum C.swam D. had swum 34. You have to move out of the way the truck cannot get past you. A.so B. or C. and D. but 35. If she doesn't want to go, nothing you can say will her. A.persuade B. promise C. invite D. support 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小.:每小 1.5 分.满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文.从短文后各题所给的四个选项《A、B. C 和 D》中,选出可以填入 空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项小涂黑。 Body language is the quiet, secret and most powerful language of all !It speaks 36 than words. According to specialists, our bodies send out more 37 than we realize. In fact, non-verbal communication(非言语 交际) takes up about 50% of what we really 38 , And body language is particularly 39 when we attempt to communicate across cultures(文 化) 。what is called body language is so 40 ,a part of us that it's actually often unnoticed。And misunderstandings occur as a result of it . 41 , different societies treat the 42 , between people differently. Northern Europeans usually do not like having 43 , contact(接触) even with friends, certainly not with 44 . People from Latin American countries 45 , touch each other quite a lot. Therefore, it's possible that in 46 . it may look like a Latino is 47 a Norwegian all over the room. The Latino, trying to express friendship, will keep moving 48. The Norwegian, very probably seeing this as pushiness, will keep 49 - which the Latino will in return regard as 50 _. Clearly, a great deal is going on when people 51 And only a part of it is in the wards themselves. And when parties are from 52 cultures, there's a strong possibility of 53 . But whatever the situation, the best 54 is to obey the Golden Rule: treat others as you would like to be 55 _. 36. A. straighter B. louder C. harder D. further 37. A. sands B. invitations C. feelings D. messages
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38. A. hope B. receive C. discover D. mean 39. A. immediate B. misleading C. important D. difficult 40. A. wep B. far C. much D. long 41. A. For example B.Thus C.However D. In short 42. A. trade B.distance C. connections D. greetings 43. A. eye B. verbal C. bodily D. telephone 44. A. strangers B. Relatives C. neighbours D. Enemies 45. A. in other words B. on the other hand C. in a similar way D. by all means 46. A. trouble B. conversation C. silence D. experiment 47. A. disturbing B. Helping C. guiding D. following 48. A. closer B. faster C. in D. away 49. A. stepping forward B. going on C. backing away D. coming out 50. A. weakness B. carelessness C. friendliness D. coldness 5 I. A. talk B. trave C. laugh D. think 52. A. different B. European C. Latino D. rich 53. A. curiosity B. excitement C. misunderstanding D.nervousness 54. A. chance B. time C. result D. advice 55. A. noticed B. treated C. respected D. pleased 第三部分阅读理解(共 20 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A, B, C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项.并在 答且卡 上将该项涂黑。 A Honey(蜂蜜)from the African forest is not only a kind of natural sugar, it is also delicious. Most people, and many animals, like eating it. However, the only way for them to get that honey is to find a wild bees' nest(巢)and take the honey from it. Often, these nests are high up in trees, and it is difficult to find them. In parts of Africa, though, people and animals unexpected helper 一 a little bird called a honey guide. blue honey guide does not actually like honey, but it does like the wax (蜂蜡) in the beehives (蜂) finally arrive at the nest, the follower reaches in to get at the delicious honey as the bird patiently waits and watches. Some of the honey, and the wax, always falls to the ground, and this is when the honey guide takes its share. Scientists do not know why the honey guide likes eating the wax, but it is very determined in its efforts to get it. The birds seem to be able to smell wax from a long distance away. They will quickly arrive whenever a beekeeper is taking honey from his beehives, and will even enter churches when beeswax candles are being lit. 56. Why is it difficult to find a wild bees' nest? A. It's small in size. B. It's hidden in trees. C. It's covered with wax. D. It's hard to recognize. 57. What do the words "the follower" in Paragraph 2 refer to?
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A. A bee. B. A bird. C. A honey seeker. D. A beekeeper. 58. The honey guide is special in the way_? A. it gets its food B. it goes to church C. it sings in the forest D. it reaches into bees' nests 59. What can be the best title for the text? A. Wild Bees C. Beekeeping in Africa B. Wax and Honey D. Honey-Lover's Helper B About twenty of us had been fortunate enough to receive invitations to a film-studio(影棚)to take part in a crowd-scene. Although our "act" would last only for a short time, we could see quite a number of interesting things. We all stood at the far end of the studio as workmen prepared the scene, setting up trees at the edge of a winding path. Very soon, bright lights were turned on and the big movie-camera was wheeled into position. The director shouted something to the camera operator and then went to speak to the two famous actors nearby. Since it was hot in the studio, it came as a surprise to us to see one of the actors put on a heavy overcoat and start walking along the path. A big fan began blowing tiny white feathers down on him, and soon the trees were covered in "snow". Two more fans were turned on, and a "strong wind" blew through the trees. The picture looked so real that it made us feel cold. The next scene was a complete contrast (对比). The way it was filmed was quite unusual. Pictures in front taken on an island in the Pacific were shown on a glass screen (幕). An actor and actress stood of the scene so that they looked trick like this, palm trees, sandy beaches, as if they were at the water's edge on an island. By a simple and blue, clear skies had been brought into the studio! Since it was our turn next, we were left wondering what scene would be prepared for us. For a full three minutes in our lives we would be experiencing the excitement of being film "stars"! 60. Who is the author? A. A cameraman. B. .A film director. C. A crowd-scene actor. D. A workman for scene setting.
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61. What made the author feel cold? A. The heavy snowfall. B. The man-made scene. C. The low temperature. D. The film being shown. 61. What made the author feel cold? A. The heavy snowfall. B. The man-made scene. C. The low temperature. D. The film being shown. 62. What would happen in the "three minutes" mentioned in the last paragraph? A. A new scene would be filmed. B. More stars would act in the film. C. The author would leave the studio. D. The next scene would be prepared. C Last night I was driving from Harrisburg to Lewisburg,distance of about eighty miles. It was late. Several times I got stuck behind a slow-moving tuck on a narrow road with a solid white line on my left, and I became increasingly impatient. At one point along an open road, I came to a crossing with a traffic light. I was alone on the road by now, but as I drove near the light, it turned red and I made a stop. I looked left, right and behind me. Nothing. Not a car, no suggestion of car lamps, but there I sat, waiting for the light to change, the only human being for at least a mile in any direction. I started wondering why 1 refused to run the light I was not afraid of being caught, because there was clearly no policeman wound. and there certainly would have been no danger in going through it.. Much later that night, the question of why I'd stopped for that light came back to me. I think I stopped because it's part of a contract(契约)we all have with each other. It's not only the law, but it is an agreement we have, and we taut each other to honor it: we don't go through red lights. Trust is our first inclination(倾向).Doubting others does not seem to be natural to us. The whole construction of our society depends on mutual(相互)trust, not distrust We do what we say we'll do; we show up when we say we'll show up; and we pay when we say we'll pay. We trust each other in these matters, and we're angry or disappointed with the person or organization that breaks the trust we have in them. I was so proud of myself for stopping for the red light that night. 63. Why did the author get impatient while driving?

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A. He was lonely on the road. B. He was slowed down by a truck. C. He got tired of driving too long. D. He came across too many traffic lights. 64. What was the author's immediate action when the traffic light turned red? topping still. B. Driving through 让 C. Looking around for other cars. D. Checking out for traffic police. 65. The event made the author strongly believe that A. traffic rules may be unnecessary B. doubting others is human nature C. patience is important to drivers D. a society needs mutual trust 66. Why was the author proud of himself? A He kept his promise. B. He held back his anger. C. He followed his inclination. D. He made a right decision. D Grown-ups are often surprised by how well they remember something they learned as children but have never practiced still swim as well as ever ever since. A man when he gets back who has not had a chance to go swimming for years can in the water. He can get on a bicycle after many years and still ride away. He can play catch and hit a ball as well as his son. A mother who has not thought about the words for years can teach her daughter the poem that begins "Twinkle, twinkle, little star"。remember the story of Cinderella or Goldilocks and the Three Bears. One explanation is the law ofoverlearninrf , which can be stated as follows: Once we have learned something, additional learning trials(尝 试)increase the length of time we will remember it. In childhood we usually continue to practice such skills as swimming, bicycle riding, and playing baseball long after we have learned them. We continue to listen to and remind ourselves of words such as "Twinkle, twinkle, little star" and childhood tales such as Cinderella and Goldilocks. We not only learn but overleam The multinlicatinn tables(乘法口诀表)are an excention to the eeneral rule that we forget rather quickly the things that we learn in school, because they are another of the things we overlearn in childhood. The law of overleaming explains why cramming(突击学习)for an examination. though it may result in a passing grade, is not a satisfactory way to learn a college course. By cramming, a student may learn the subject well enough
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to get by on the examination, but he is likely soon to forget almost everything he learned.A little overlearning. on the other hand, is really necessary for one's future development. 67. Who is the main idea of paragraph I? A. People remember well what they learned in childhood. B. Children have a better memory than grown-ups. C. Poem reading is a good way to learn words. D. Stories for children arc easy to remember. 68.The author explains the law of overleaming by_________. A. presenting research findings B. selling down general rules C. making a comparison D. using examples 69. According to the author, being able to use multiplication tables is_______. A. a result of overlearning B. a special case of cramming C. a skill to deal with math problems D. a basic step towards advanced studies 70. What does the word "they" in Paragraph 4 refer to? A. Commonly accepted rules. B. The multiplication tables. C. Things easily forgotten. D. School subjects. 71. What is the author's opinion on cramming? A. It leads to failure in college exams. B. It's helpful only in a limited way. C. It's possible to result in poor memory. D. It increases students' learning interest. E Ate you looking for some new and exciting places to take your kids (孩 子) to? Try some of these places: . Visit art muvewns. They offer a variety of activities to excite your kids' interest. Many offer workshops for making land-made pieces, traveling exhibits, book signings by children's favorite writer, and even musical performances and other arts Head to a natural history museum. This is where kids can discover the past from dinosaur(恐龙) models to rock collections and pictures of stars in the sky. Also, ask what kind of workshops and educational programs are prepared for kids and any special events that are coming up.

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Go to a Youtheater. Look for one in your area offering plays for child and family visitors. Pre-show play shops are conducted by area artists and educators where kids can discover the secret about performing artsPuppet(木偶)making and stage make-up are just a couple of the special offerings you might find. Try hands-on science. Visit one of the many hands-on science museums around the country. These science play-lands are great fun for kids and grown-ups alike. They'll keep your child mentally and physically active the whole day through while pushing buttons, experimenting, and building. When everyone is tired, enjoy a fun family science show, commonly found in these museums. 72. If a child is interested in the universe, he probably will visit A. a Youtheater B. an art museum C. a natural history museum D. a hands-on science museum 73. What can kids do at a Youtheater? A. Look at rock collections. B. See dinosaur models. C. Watch puppet making. D. Give performances. 74. What does "hands-on science" mean in the last paragraph? A. Science games designed by kids. B. Learning science by doing things. C. A show of kids' science work. D. Reading science books. 75. Where does this text probably come from? A. A science textbook. B. A tourist map. C. A museum guide. D. A news report. 绝密*启用前 2012 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 英语 第 II 卷 注意事项: 1.答题前,考生先在答题卡上用直径 0.5 毫米黑色墨水签字笔将自己的姓 名、准考证号填写清楚,然后贴好条形码.请认真核准条形码上的准考证号、姓 名和科目. 2.第口卷共 2 页.请用直径 0.5 毫米黑丝墨水签字笔在答题卡上各题的答题区 域内作答,在试题卷上作答无效

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四部分写作(共两节.满分 35 分) 第一节短文改错(共 1t;小魔:每小题 1 分.满分 l0 分) (注意:在试题卷上作答无效) 此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。 对标有题号的每一行作出判断:如无错误. 在该行右边 板线上画一个勾(√):如有错误(每行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改正: 此行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉.在该行右边横线上写出该词,并 也用斜 线划掉。 此行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个肠字符号(A), 在该行右边横线上写出该加的 词。 此行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。 注意:原行没有错的不要改。 Every one of us can make a great efforts to 76. ________ cut off the use of energy in our country. To begin with, all 77. ________ of us can start reducing to the use of oil by driving oily 78. ________ when we have a real need. That won't be easy ,I know. 79. ________ but we have to start anywhere. What's more, we can go to 80_____________________ work by bike once and twice a week, and we can also buy 81_____________________ smaller cars that bum less oil. Other way is to watch our 82_____________________ everyday use of water and electric at home. For example, 83_____________________ how many times have you walked out of a room and leave the 84_____________________ lights or television when no one else was there? 85_____________________ 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分)(注意:在试题卷上作答无效) 假定你是李华,从互联网((the Internet)上得知一个国际中学生组织将在新加 坡 (Singapore) 举办夏令营,欢迎各国学生参加。请写一封电子邮件申请参加。 内容主要包括: 1.自我介绍(包括英语能力); 2.参加意图(介绍中国、了解其他国家); 3.希望获准。

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注意: 1.数 100 左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3.邮件开头和结尾已为你写好. ********************************************************************* ***** Dear Sir or Madam, _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _________________________ Regards, Li Hua
第一、二、三部分: 1.C2.A3.B4.C5.A6.C7.B8.B9.C 10.C11.A12.B13.B14.A15.A16.B17.A18.A 22.C23.C24.D25.B26.D27.B 28.A29.A30.D31.C32.D33.C34.B35.A36.B 37.D38.D39.C40.C41.A42.B43.C44.A45.B 46.B47.D48.A49.C50.D51.A52.A53.C54.D 55.B56.C57.C58.B59.C60.B61.C62.A63.D 64.C65.B66.A67.A68.D69.A70.B71.C72.F 73.A74.E75.D 19.C20.A 21.A

76. a

去掉 a make great efforts。

77. off 错误。off 改为 down, cut down 切断。 78. to 79. √ 80. anywhere 错误。anywhere 改为 somewhere。 81. and 错误。 and 改为 or。 82. Other 错误。Other 改为 Another。 83. electric 错误。electric 改为 electricity。 84. leave 错误。 leave 改为 left。 reducing to the use,去掉 to。

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85. on。 leave the lights or television on。

Dear Madam, I'm Li Hua, a middle school student from China. I read the announcement of the summercamp that you have posted on the Internet and I am interested in it. I know that you welcome students from different countries and I'd like to take part in it. I've been learning English for

10 years, and I speak fluent English. What is more, I'JI be able to tell students from other countries about China and learn about their countries as well. I hope I will be accepted as a member of your summer camp.Looking forward to your reply! Regards, Li Hua

2012 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 英 语

注意事项: ⒈本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。答卷前,考生务必将自己 的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。 ⒉ 答第Ⅰ卷时,选出每小题答案后,用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑, 如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号,不能答在本试卷上,否则无效。 ⒊ 答第Ⅱ卷时,将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。 ⒋ 考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。 第Ⅰ卷 第一部分 英语知识运用 (满分 50 分) 第一节 语音知识 (共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,找出其划线部分与所给单词的划线部分读音相同的选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 例:have A.gave B.save C.hat D.made 答案是 C。 ⒈ theater A.treasure B.wheat C.season D.realize ⒉ persuade A.usual B.insist C.sugar D.treasure ⒊ company A.alone B.carrot C.money D.knock ⒋ opposite A.service B.outside C.pioneer D.police ⒌ society A.official B.recent C.chocolate D.difficult 第二节 语法和词汇知识 (共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂
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黑。 例:It is generally considered unwise to give a child ___ he or she wants. A.however B.whatever C.whichever D.whenever 答案是 B。 ⒍ – What shall we do tonight then? – ___ – whatever you want. A.Help yourself B.It's a deal C.No problem D.It's up to you ⒎ He missed ___ gold in the high jump, but will get ___ second chance in the long jump. A.the; the B.不填; a C.the; a D.a; 不填 ⒏ That evening, ___ I will tell you more about later, I ended up working very late. A.that B.which C.what D.when ⒐ Sarah made ___ to the airport just in time to catch her plane this morning. A.herself B.this C.that D.it ⒑ Tony lent me the money, ___ that I'd do as much for him. A.hoping B.to hope C.hoped D.having hoped ⒒ I had hardly got to the office ___ my wife phone me to go back home at once. A.when B.than C.until D.after ⒓ We ___ to paint the whole house but finished only the front part that day. A.set about B.set up C.set out D.set down ⒔ Next to biology, I like physics ___ . A.better B.best C.the better D.very well ⒕ – Did you ask Sophia for help? – I ___ need to – I managed perfectly well on my own. A.wouldn't B.don't C.didn't D.won't ⒖ The old man sat in front of the television every evening, happy ___ anything that happened to be on. A.to watch B.watching C.watched D.to have watched ⒗ 100℃ is the temperature ___ which water will boil. A.for B.at C.on D.of ⒘ I'm going to Europe on vacation together with John if I ___ find the money. A.can B.might C.would D.need ⒙ The manager ___ the workers how to improve the program since 9 a.m. A.has told B.is telling C.has been telling D.will have told ⒚ The Harry Potter books are quite popular; they are in great ___ in this city. A.quality B.progress C.production D.demand ⒛ – Try not to work yourself too hard.Take it easy. – Thanks.___ A.So what? B.No way. C.What for? D.You, too 第三节 完形填空 (每小题 1.5 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项 (A、B、C 和 D) 中,选出可以填入空白 处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Around twenty years ago I was living in York. 21 I had a lot of experience and a Master's degree, I could not find 22 work. I was 23 a school bus to make ends meet and 24 with a friend of mine, for I had lost my flat. I

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had 25 five interviews (面试) with a company and one day between bus runs they called to say I did not 26 the job. “Why has my life become so 27 ?” I thought painfully. As I pulled the bus over to 28 a little girl, she handed me an earning 29 I should keep it 30 somebody claimed (认领) it.The earring was painted black and said “BE HAPPY”. At first I got angry.Then it 31 me – I had been giving all of my 32 to what was going wrong with my 33 rather than what was right! I decided then and there to make a 34 of fifty things I was happy with.Later, I decided to 35 more things to the list.That night there was a phone call for 36 from a lady who was a director at a larger 37 .She asked me if I would 38 a one-day lecture on stress (压力) management to 200 medical workers.I said yes. My 39 there went very well, and before long I got a well-paid job.To this day I know that it was because I changed my way of 40 that I completely changed my life. 21.A.As B.Though C.If D.When 22.A.successful B.extra C.satisfying D.convenient 23.A.driving B.repairing C.taking D.designing 24.A.working B.travelling C.discussing D.living 25.A.prepared for B.attended C.asked for D.held 26.A.lose B.like C.find D.get 27.A.hard B.busy C.serious D.short 28.A.wave at B.drop off C.call on D.look for 29.A.ordering B.promising C.saying D.showing 30.A.in case B.or else C.as if D.now that 31.A.hurt B.hit C.caught D.moved 32.A.feelings B.attention C.strength D.interests 33.A.opinions B.education C.experiences D.life 34.A.list B.book C.check D.copy 35.A.connect B.turn C.keep D.add 36.A.her B.a passenger C.me D.my friend 37.A.hospital B.factory C.restaurant D.hotel 38.A.listen to B.review C.give D.talk about 39.A.plan B.choice C.day D.tour 40.A.operation B.speaking C.employment D.thinking 第二部分 阅读理解 (满分 45 分) 第一节 语篇阅读 (每小题 2 分) 第一节 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。(每小题 2 分) (A) Cold weather can hard on pets, just like it can be hard on people.Sometimes owners forget that their cats are just as used to the warm shelter (住所) as they are. Some owners will leave their animals outside for a long period of time, thinking that all animals are used to living outdoors.This can put their pets in danger of serious illness.There are things you can do to keep your animal warm and safe. Keep your pets inside as much as you can when the weather is bad.If you have to take them out, stay outside with them.When you're cold enough to go inside, they probably are too.I you must leave them outside for a long time, make sure they have a warm, solid shelter against the

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wind, thick bedding, and plenty of non-frozen water. If left alone outside, dogs and cats can be very smart in their search for warm shelter.They can dig into snow banks or hide somewhere.Watch them closely when they are left outdoors, and provide them with shelter of good quality.Keep an eye on your pet's water.Sometimes owners don't realize that a water bowl has frozen and their pet can't get anything to drink.Animals that don't have clean and unfrozen water may drink dirty water outside, which may contain something unhealthy for them. 41.What do we learn about pets from Paragraph 1? A.They are often forgotten by their owners. B.They are used to living outdoors. C.They build their won shelter. D.They like to stay in warm places. 42.Why are pet owners asked to stay with their pets when they are out in cold weather? A.To know when to bring them inside. B.To keep them from eating bad food. C.To help them find shelters. D.To keep them company. 43.If pets are left on their own outdoors in cold weather, they may ___. A.run short of clean water B.dig deep holes for fun C.dirty the snow nearby D.get lost in the wild 44.What is the purpose of this text? A.To solve a problem. B.To give practical advice. C.To tell an interesting story. D.To present a research result. (B) You may think that sailing is a difficult sport, but it is really not hard to learn it.You do not need to be strong.But you need to be quick.And you need to understand a few basic rules about the wind. First, you must ask yourself, “Where is the wind coming from? Is it coming from ahead or behind or from the side?” You must think about this all the time on the boat.The wind direction tells you what to do with the sail. Let's start with the wind blowing from the behind.This means the wind and the boat are going in the same direction. Then you must always keep the sail outside the boat. should be at a It 90° angle (角度) to the boat.Then it will catch the wind best. If the wind is blowing from the side, it is blowing across the boat. this case, you must keep In the sail half way outside the boat.It should be at a 45° angle to the boat.It needs to be out far enough to catch the wind, but it shouldn't flap (摆动).It shouldn't look like on a flagpole.If it is flapping, it is probably out too far, and the boat will slow down. Sailing into the wind is not possible.If you try, the sail will flap and the boat will stop.You may want to go in that direction. is possible, but you can't go in a straight line. must go first It You in one direction and then in another.This is called tacking.When you are tacking, you must always keep the sail inside the boat. 45.What should you consider first while sailing? A.Sailors' strength. B.Wave levels. C.Wind directions. D.Size of sails.

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46.What does the word “It” underlined in Paragraph 4 refer to? A.The boat. B.The wind. C.The sail. D.The angle. 47.What do you have to do when sailing against the wind? A.Move in a straight line. B.Allow the sail to flap. C.Lower the sail. D.Tack the boat. 48.Where can you probably find the text? A.In a popular magazine. B.In a tourist guidebook. C.In a physics textbook. D.In an official report. (C) Facial expressions carry meaning that is determined by situations and relationships.For example, in American culture (文化) the smile is in general an expression of pleasure.Yet it also has other uses.A woman's smile at a police officer does not carry the same meaning as the smile she gives to a young child.A smile may show love or politeness.It can also hide true feelings.It often causes confusion (困惑) across cultures.For example, many people in Russia smiling at strangers in public to be unusual and even improper. many Americans smile freely at strangers Yet in public places (although this is less common in big cities).Some Russians believe that Americans smile in the wrong places; some Americans believe that Russians don't smile enough . In Southeast Asian culture, a smile is frequently used to cover painful feelings.Vietnamese people may tell a sad story but end the story with a smile. Our faces show emotions (情感), but we should not attempt to “read” people from another culture as we would “read” someone from our own culture. fact that members of one culture The do not express their emotions as openly as do members of another does not mean that they do not experience emotions.Rather, there are cultural differences in the amount of facial expressions permitted.For example, in public and in formal situations many Japanese do not show their emotions as freely as Americans do.When with friends, Japanese and Americans seem to show their emotions similarly. It is difficult to generalize about Americans and facial expressiveness because of personal and cultural differences in the United States.People from certain cultural backgrounds in the United States seem to be more facially expressive than others. key is to try not to judge people whose The ways of showing emotion are different.If we judge according to our own cultural habits, we may make the mistake of “reading” the other person incorrectly. 49.What does the smile usually mean in the U.S.? A.Love. B.Politeness. C.Joy. D.Thankfulness. 50.The author mentions the smile of the Vietnamese to prove that smile can ___ . A.show friendliness to strangers B.be used to hide true feelings C.be used in the wrong places D.show personal habits 51.What should we do before attempting to “read” people? A.Learn about their relations with others. B.Understand their cultural backgrounds. C.Find out about their past experience. D.Figure out what they will do next. 52.What would be the best title for the test? A.Cultural Differences B.Smiles and Relationship C.Facial Expressiveness D.Habits and Emotions

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(D) ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia – One of the world's most famous fossils (化石) – the 3.2 million-year-old Lucy skeleton (骨骼) unearthed in Ethiopia in 1974 – will go on an exhibition tour abroad for the first time in the United States, officials said Tuesday. Even the Ethiopian public has only seen Lucy twice. The Lucy on exhibition at the Ethiopian National Museum in the capital, Addis Ababa, is a replica while the real remains are usually locked in a secret storeroom.A team from the Museum of National Science in Houston, Texas, spent four years discussing with the Ethiopians for the U.S.tour, which will start in Houston next September. “Ethiopia's rich culture of both the past and today, is one of the best kept secrets in the world,” said Joel Bartsch, director of the Houston museum. The six-year tour will also go to Washington, New York, Denver and Chicago.Officials said six other U.S.cities may be on the tour.But they said plans had not been worked out. Travelling with Lucy will be 190 other fossils. Lucy, her name taken from a Beatles song that played in a camp the night of her discovery, is part of the skeleton of what was once a 312 -foot-tall ape-man (猿人). 53.The author writes this text mainly to ___ . A.introduce a few U.S.museums B.describe some research work C.discuss the value of an ape-man D.report a coming event 54.What does the words “a replica” in Paragraph 2 refer to? A.A painting of the skeleton. B.A photograph of Lucy C.A copy of the skeleton. D.A written record of Lucy. 55.How many cities has Lucy's U.S.tour plan already included? A.Four. B.Five. C.Six. D.Eleven. 56.What was the skeleton named after? A.An ape-man. B.A song. C.A singer. D.A camp. (E) Make Up Your Mind to Succeed Kind-hearted parents have unknowingly left their children defenseless against failure.The generation born between 1980 and 2001 grew up playing sports where scores and performance were played down because “everyone's winter.” And their report cards sounded more positive (正面的) than ever before.As a result, Stanford University professor Carol Dweck, PhD, calls them “the overpraised generation.” Dweck has been studying how people deal with failure for 40 years.Her research has led her to find out two clearly different mind-sets that have a great effect on how we react to it.Here's how they work: A fixed mind-set is grounded in the belief that talent (才能) is genetic – you're a born artist, point guard, or numbers person.The fixed mind-set believes it's sure to succeed without much effort and regards failure as personal shame.When things get difficult, it's quick to blame, lie, and even stay away from future difficulties. On the other hand, a growth mind-set believes that no talent is entirely heaven-sent and that effort and learning make everything possible. Because the ego (自尊) isn't on the line as much, the

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growth mind-set sees failure as a chance rather than shame. When faced with a difficulty, it's quick to rethink, change and try again.In fact, it enjoys this experience. We are all born with growth mind-sets.(Otherwise, we wouldn't be able to live in the world.) But parents, teachers, and instructors often push us into fixed mind-sets by encouraging certain actions and misdirecting praise.Dweck's book, Mind-set: The New Psychology of Success, and online instructional program explain this in depth.But she says there are many little things you can start doing today to make sure that your children, grandchildren and even you are never defeated by failure. 57.What does the author think about the present generation? A.They don't do well at school. B.They are often misunderstood. C.They are eager to win in sports. D.They are given too much praise. 58.A fixed mind-set person is probably one who ___ . A.doesn't want to work hard B.cares a lot about personal safety C.cannot share his ideas with others D.can succeed with the help of teachers 59.What does the growth mind-set believe? A.Admitting failure is shameful. B.Talent comes with one's birth. C.Scores should be highly valued. D.Getting over difficulties is enjoyable. 60.What should parents do for their children based on Dweck's study? A.Encourage them to learn from failures. B.Prevent them from making mistakes. C.Guide them in doing little things. D.Help them grow with praise. 第二节 根据对话内容,从对话后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。选项中有两项为多余选项。(每小题 1 分) Daughter:Dad.You love me, don't you? Father:Of course, I do. 61 Daughter:Well, I saw this great offer for a free phone here in the newspaper, and ? Father: 62 Daughter:Well, the phone is free ? after the$50 I pay is returned to me. Father:Ah, so that's the catch. 63 Daughter:Dad.All my friends have one. Father:Ah, I don't know. 64 Daughter:But the monthly charge for this service is only$29.99, with 1,000 free weekday minutes nationwide, and unlimited weekend minutes. Father:I don't know. Daughter:Please Dad.With the new phone you won't have to worry about me while I'm driving the new car. Father: 65 Daughter:The new car you'll need to buy so I can use the phone. A.Ah? what's on your mind? B.New car? What new car?

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C. Free? Nothing's ever free. D.What did you do to the new car? E.And why on earth do you need a phone? F.They always charge a lot for the service. G.But what is the term of the service agreement? 第 II 卷 第三部分 写作 (共三节,满分 55 分) 第一节 单词拼写 (每小题 1 分) 根据下列句子及所给汉语注释, 在答题卡相应题号的横线上写出空缺处各单词的正确形 式(每空只写一词)。 66.Do you speak any __________ (外国) languages? 67.Rebecca was the __________ (骄傲) of her family. 68.Will you stop __________ (打断) me when I'm talking? 69.David Beckham's __________ (国籍) is British. 70.The __________ (现代) history of Italy dates from 1860. 71.Bob's __________ (侄子) is a freshman at Harvard University. 72.Alice wanted to borrow Jack's computer, but he __________ (拒绝). 73.Her __________ (书架) are filled with books and photos. 74.What are you girls __________ (耳语) about? 75.Don't __________ (咳嗽) more than you can help. 第二节 短文改错 (每小题 1.5 分) 此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。先对标有题号的每一行作出判断:如无错误,在该行 右边横线上画一个勾(√) ;如有错误(每行只有一个错误) ,则按下列情况改正: 该行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜 线划掉。 该行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。 该行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。 注意:⒈ 原行没有错的不要改; ⒉ 答案必须写在答题卡相应的位置上。 Dear Editor, I'm writing to tell you opinion about water saving. 76.______ Water is important.We, as well as animal, cannot live 77.______ without water and neither agriculture or industry can go 78.______ without it.Yet it seemed water is becoming less and less. 79.______ Many countries in the world find we don't have enough water. 80.______ To deal with a problem, I think, we should first go all 81.______ out to plant trees though trees will help save water.Next, no 82.______ drinking water should be left running.Third, we should find 83.______ ways to reuse the water using in washing, especially bath 84.______ water for which is quite a lot, and that will save much water. 85.______ Sincerely, Li Hua 第三节 书面表达 (30 分) 假定你是李华。你班同学决定为小明举办生日聚会。请你写信邀请外教 Susan 参加,要 点包括: ⒈ 时间:周五晚 8 点至 9 点

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⒉ 地点:学生俱乐部 ⒊ 内容:生日歌、蛋糕、游戏等 ⒋ 要求:备小礼物 注意:⒈ 词数 100 左右,开头语已为你写好;⒉可以适当增加细节,以便行文连贯; ⒊ 答案必须写在答题卡相应的位置上。 Hi, Susan, We're throwing a surprise party for Xiaoming's birthday.

参考答案
第一部分 第一节 1~5 DBCAB 第二节 6~10 DCBDA 11~15 ACBCA 16~20 BACDD 第三节 21~25 BCADB 26~30 DABCA 31~35 BBDAD 36~40 CACCD 第二部分 第一节 41~45 DAABC 46~50 CDACB 51~55 BCDCB 56~60 BDADA 第 二节 61~65 ACEFB 第三部分 第一节 66.foreign 67.pride 68.interrupting 69.nationality 70.modern 71.nephew 72.refused 73.bookshelves / bookcases 74.whispering 75.cough 第二节 Dear Editor, I'm writing to tell you∧opinion about water saving. 76. my Water is important.We, as well as animal, cannot live 77. animals without water and neither agriculture or industry can go 78. nor without it.Yet it seemed water is becoming less and less. 79. seems Many countries in the world find we don't have enough water. 80. they To deal with a problem, I think, we should first go all 81. the/this/that out to plant trees though trees will help save water.Next, no 82.because/since/as drinking water should be left running.Third, we should find 83. √ ways to reuse the water using in washing, especially bath 84. used water for which is quite a lot, and that will save much water. 85. for Sincerely, Li Hua

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第三节 Hi, Susan, We're throwing a surprise party for Xiaoming's birthday. We'd like to invitee you to the party.We want to give him a surprise, so please keep quiet about it.We'll gather at the Students' Club at 8 p.m. Friday, after the evening classes. this And it's going to last about an hour. each We will prepare a little present.When he comes, we'll light the candles and sing “Happy Birthday” together for him. Then the cake will be cut and we'll sing songs and play games. be nice to see It'll how excited he will be.I'm sure you'll have a good time at the party, too. Yours, Li Hua

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