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A General Picture of Grammar


A General Picture of

Grammar
英师0711 李磊制作

Parts of speech
noun Verb adjective adverb pronoun preposition Conjunction article …….
Content words Function wo

rds

Simple sentence
S + Vi

Basic pattern

S + Vt + O S + V+O+ C S +V+Oi+Od S+V+P

Sentence

Compound sentence Complex sentence

Complicated sentence

Members of a sentence
subject
Verb

Predicate
object object complement predicative attributive adverbial

Non-predicate verb

Conjunction
Relative pron. Relative adv. Connecting adv.

Coordinate conj. S1+S2 (equal in position)

Compound sentence

Subordinate conj. S1+S2 (S2 reduced in position) main clause Subordinating clause

Complex sentence

— subject clause — object clause Nominal — predicative clause clause — appositive clause — object complement cla

Attributive clause Adverbial clause


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