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江西省赣州市十二县(市)重点中学2014届高三上学期期中考试 英语试题 Word版含解析


第一部分 听力 (共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节 (共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一小题,从题中所给的 ABC 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并 标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一 小题,每段对话仅读一遍。 1. How many words do Eskimos have fo

r ice probably? A. Less than 33. 2. Who is the woman? A. The man?s customer. 3. Where are the speakers? A. In a lab. B. In a classroom. C. In an office. B. The man?s secretary . C. The man?s boss. B. Exactly 33. C. More than 33.

4. When did the man go to Yellowstone National Park? A.This year. B. Last year. C. Three years ago.

5. What does the woman mean? A. She is busy at the moment. B. She didn?t go out with Peter last night. C. She wants the man to hold on for a minute. 第二节(共 15 小题:每小题 1.5 分,共 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给 ABC 三个选项中选出 最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小 题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答 6、7 题。 6. Where does the conversation take place? A. At a bus stop. B. In a newspaper office. C. In a coffee shop.

7. What are the speakers mainly talking about? A. A letter. B. Public transportation. C. Road construction. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题。 8. Why did the police officer stop the woman? A. She broke a traffic rule. B. Her appearance matched that of a criminal. C. He was looking for someone driving a similar car. 9. What do we know about the thief? A. He has dark hair. B. He has blond hair. C. He is five feet tall.

听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. Who is the woman? A. A saleswoman. B. A shoe repairer. C. A shoe maker.

11. When can the man pick up his shoes? A. At 5:00 this afternoon. B. At 2:00 tomorrow afternoon. C. At 4:30 tomorrow afternoon. 12.What is the man satisfied with? A. The price. B. The quick service. C.The quality. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. How long has Michael Wilson been cooking? A. For the last twenty years. B. Since he was twenty years old. C. Since he was a kid. 14. What does Michael Wilson say about making friends? A. Having something in common helps a lot. B. Eating together is a great way to get to know others. C. Language is necessary for making friends. 15. According to Michael Wilson, where would be a good place to eat beef? A. New York City. B. Finland. C. Shanghai.

16. What does Michael Wilson probably use in his dishes? A. Complicated sauces. B. Expensive spices from around the world. C. Local fruits and vegetables. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. How tall is the second tallest building in the world? A. Almost 2800 feet tall. B. Almost 1800 feet tall. C. Almost 1000 feet tall. 18. What?s one of the funny things about the Burj Khalifa? A. Its location. B. Its shape. C. Its building materials.

19. What does the speaker say would take all morning? A. Washing all the windows of the Burj Khalifa. B. Climbing the stairs to the top of the Burj Khalifa. C. Taking the elevator to the top of the Burj Khalifa. 20. What can we learn about the Burj khalifa? A. It is surrounded by other tall buildings. B. It was designed by an American firm. C. It was based on a famous picture of ants. 第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)

第一节:单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 21. —— Will you do me a favor and pick me up tonight? —— __________. A. My pleasure B. With pleasure C. Go ahead D. Don? t bother

22. As a simple and convenient way to get ______ latest fashions online, online shopping also has ______ major problem — you can?t see whether they fit or not. A. the; the B. / ; the C. the; a D. /; /

23. Considering your income, you should be able to ______ at least twenty dollars a week. A. put forward B. put in C. put down D. put aside

24. At first he refused to admit he had stolen but when he was shown the videotape, he _______ and admitted everything. A. broke up 【答案】C B. broke away C. broke down D. broke in

25. We can?t _____ other countries in trade if we don?t develop our national economy. A. compete for B. compete against C. catch up D. catch with

26. When the question _____ at the meeting, no one could answer it. A. rose B. arose C. came D. raised

27. ______ is surprising to us is that Tom, for ______ English was once boring, can speak English fluently as though he were a native speaker. A. What; whom 【答案】A 【解析】 试题分析:考查主语从句和定语从句:句意:让我们惊讶的是汤姆对他来说英语曾经是枯燥 的,现在可以流利的说英语好像是英国本土的人。通过分析句子结构,可知这个句子中包含 一个主语从句,和一个非限制性定语从句。且引导词在主语从句中作主语,表示“什么”的含 义,故用 what。介词 + 关系代词引导的定语从句,定语从句的主语是 English,需要 for 的 宾语,指人只能用 whom。选 A。 考点:主语从句和定语从句的考查 B. What; whose C. It; whose D. As; whom

28. Measures must be taken to prevent pollution ________ happily. A. from we live B. for us to live C. us living D. from our living

29.—Sorry for being late for the party. —________ earlier next time, will you? A. Coming 【答案】D 【解析】 试题分析:考查祈使句:句意:---对不起,聚会迟到了。--下次早一些好吗?从反意问句 will you? 可知前面是祈使句,选 D。 考点:考查祈使句 30. He is such a lazy man _______ nobody wants to work with ______. A. that; / B. as; him C. whom; him D. as; / B. To come C. Having come D. Come

31. I ______ to send him a gift to congratulate him on his marriage, but I _____ it. A. hoped; hadn?t managed B. hoped; didn?t manage

C. hope; don?t manage

D.had hoped; didn?t manage

32. Miss Li _______ as a secretary for five years in the company, and now she is general manager of it. A. serves 【答案】B 【解析】 试题分析:考查动词时态。句意:李小姐在公司做秘书有 5 年了,现在是总经理。从题干中 的“and now she is a general manager of it”可知 Miss Li 现在已经不是秘书了,也就是说她曾 经担任过 5 年的秘书职务,因此应该用一般过去时。选 B。 考点:考查动词时态 33. I agree with most of what you said, but I don?t agree with A. anything B. something C. everything . D. nothing B. served C. has served D. had served

34. ----Do you smoke? ----- _________. It?s years since I smoked. A. No, I don?t 【答案】A 【解析】 试题分析: 考查句意理解: 句意: --你抽烟吗?It?s years since I smoked.是我好几年不抽烟了, B. Yes, I don?t C.No, I do D.Yes, I do

因为 smoke 是延续性动词, 所以应该是 smoke 这个动作结束几年了。 如果是短暂动词的话, 那就表示从那个动词开始到现在多久了。所以回答是不抽烟了,选 A。 考点:考查句意理解 35. —It?s hard to believe that Jack ________ have fought with the policeman. —Yes.If one ________ ask for trouble, it can't be helped. A. would; will dare B. must; may C. should; must D. need;

第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 36—55 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选 出最佳选项填入答题卡。 【小题 1】A. thoughts 【小题 2】A. covered 【小题 3】A. exercising 【小题 4】 A. in case 【小题 5】A. relaxed 【小题 6】A. dreaming B. ideas B. mixed B. struggling B. even though B. worried B. wishing C. pictures C. replaced C. preparing C. as long as C. frightened C. expecting D. minds D. filled D. previewing D. as if D. impressed D. imagining

【小题 7】A. useless 【小题 8】A. warm up 【小题 9】A. route 【小题 10】A. urged 【小题 11】A. speech 【小题 12】A. finally 【小题 13】A. when 【小题 14】A. leading 【小题 15】A. player 【小题 16】A. held out 【小题 17】A. field 【小题 18】A. success

B. difficult B. pick up B. frame B. insisted B. preparation B. simply B. before B. dragging B. friend B. took out B. stage B. reply

C. available C. get up C. plan C. suggested C. decision C. actually C. as C. showing C. part C. got out C. yard C. achievement C. expectation C. realized

D. important D. rise up D. forecast D. stressed D. change D. eventually D. since D. making D. team D. brought out D. garden D. welcome D. examination D. recognized

【小题 19】A. atmosphere B. experience 【小题 20】A. accepted 【答案】 B. admitted

【小题 2】考查动词:A. covered 覆盖,B. mixed 混合,C. replaced 代替,D. filled 填满,be replaced with 被某事物取代是 repalce sth with sth 的被动形式。选 C 【小题 3】 考查动词: exercising 练习, struggling 努力, preparing 准备, previewing A. B. C. D. 预习,下文提到一些队友在长凳上休息一些在…..,说明队友在做准备。选 C 【小题 4】 考查连词:A. in case 以防,B. even though 即使,C. as long as 只要,D. as if 好 像,从 it were a film of the opposing team?s play 可知意思是说好像天花板上正在上演与对手 的比赛录像并且用虚拟语气。as if“好像”从句中用虚拟语气。 选 D 【小题 5】考查形容词:A. relaxed 放松,B. worried 担心,C. frightened 害怕,D. impressed 印象深刻,从空格后的讲笑话可知一些队友很放松。选 A 【小题 6】考查动词:A. dreaming 做梦,B. wishing 希望,C. expecting 期望,D. imagining 想象,还有一些人盯着场地在想象即将会发生什么事情。选 D

【小题 10】考查动词:A. urged 强烈要求,B. insisted 坚持,C. suggested 建议,表明,D.

stressed

【小题 14】考查动词:A. leading 带领,B. dragging 拖,C. showing 展示, making 制作, D. 考查短语 make one?s way out of sp.走出某个地方 make one?s way to sp.走向某处。选 D 【小题 15】考查名词:A. player 队员,B. friend 朋友,C. part 部分,D. team 队伍,a part of sth/sb 一部分。该句的意思是说一些球迷伸出手来碰我们的手渴望成为我们中的一员。选 C 【小题 16】考查词组:A. held out 伸出,B. took out 拿出 C. got out 出去 D. brought out 阐 明。结合句意选 A。伸出手。 【小题 17】考查名词:A. field 球场,B. stage 舞台,C. yard 院子,D. garden 花园,几秒种 后球队跑向球场。field 球场。选 A

第三部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项 (A) There has been a dramatic increase in the number of natural disasters over the past few years,and it is assumed that global warming and climate change could cause even more disasters

in the future.Some of the world?s leading cities are facing disasters like floods and heat waves. London London?s flood defences are getting older. Since 1982, the Thames Barrier(水闸) has protected the city from the threat of flooding,but it was only designed to last until 2030 and close once every two or three years. About 21 years later the barrier now closes five or six times a year and according to Environment Agency predictions, by 2050 the barrier will be closed on almost every tide if the problem is not addressed. There are 26 underground stations, 400 schools, 16 hospitals, an airport and 80 billion worth of property in London's flood risk area, so large scale flooding would be disastrous. Paris Over a sixweek period in July and August 2008,more than 11400 — mainly elderly people — died in France from dehydration (脱水) and extremely high body temperature in a deadly heat wave. Heat waves of similar intensity (强度) are expected every seven years by 2050, so what can be done to make sure such a disaster does not happen again? One solution is to have airconditioners installed in elderly care homes. But this is considered a shortterm solution, as the increase in demand for electricity also increases carbon emissions. In Paris the local authorities are encouraging architects to design new types of buildings such as the building “Flower Tower”, which uses a covering of bamboo to act as a natural airconditioner. Shanghai Shanghai is the fastest growing city on Earth. It has a population of 18 million and is only 4 meters above sea level. Sea levels are predicted to rise by 20 cm within the next century. An estimated 250,000 people move to Shanghai every year in search of work, placing extra demands on energy consumption. China relies heavily on coalfired power stations, but these emissions increase temperatures and, in turn, warmer seas increase the risk of typhoons. 【小题 1】Which of the following would be the best title for the passage? A. Big Cities Facing Big Disasters C. The Increase of Natural Disasters Disasters 【小题 2】What problem should be settled now in London? A. How to protect the city?s property. B. Where to build its flood defences. C. How to use the Thames Barrier to protect the city. D. How to improve the function of the old flood defences. 【小题 3】 Which of the following measures can?t solve the heat wave disaster in Paris? A. Putting up new types of buildings with a covering of bamboo. B. Having airconditioners installed in elderly care homes. B. Big Disasters in the Future D. Solutions to Natural

C. Forbidding the city to build “Flower Tower”. D. Encouraging architects to design new types of buildings. 【小题 4】The major threats to Shanghai are ________. A. increasing population and coalfired power stations B. rising sea levels and typhoons C. extremely high temperature and rising sea levels D. extra demands on energy consumption and typhoons 【小题 5】The purpose of the passage is ________. A. to tell us how to protect the big cities B. to give advice on how to defend natural disasters C. to explain what causes flood and heat waves D. to warn us of the increasing natural disasters in big cities 【答案】 【小题 1】A 【小题 2】D 【小题 3】C 【小题 4】B 【小题 5】D 【解析】 试题分析: 全文主要是围绕着三个闻名于世的大城市面临的灾难展开介绍的, 目的就是呼吁 人们关注全球变暖和气候变化对地球的影响,希望引起人们关注灾害对大城市的破坏。 【小题 1】主旨大意题。抓住关键词,全文主要是围绕着三个闻名于世的大城市面临的灾难 展开介绍的,关键词是 big city 和 disasters。选 A。

考点:考查环保类短文 (B) Riding School: You can start horse-riding at any age. Choose private or group lessons any weekday between 9 a.m. and 8:30 p.m.(3:30 p.m. on Saturdays). There are 10 kilometers of tracks and paths for leisurely rides across farmland and open country. You will need a riding hat. Opening Hours: Monday through Friday: 9:00 a.m. — 8:30 p.m. Phone: (412)396—6754 Fax: (412)396—6752 Sailing Club: Our Young Sailor?s Course leads to the Stage 1 Sailing qualification. You?ll learn how to sail safely and the course also covers sailing theory and first aid. Have fun with other course member, afterwards in the clubroom. There are 10 weekly two-hour 1essons (Tuesdays 6:00 p.m. — 8:00 p.m.). Opening Hours: Tuesdays: 6:00 p.m. — 8:00 p.m. Phone: (412)396—6644 Fax: (412)396 — 6644 Diving Centre: Our experienced instructors offer one-month courses in deep-sea diving for beginners. There are two evening lessons a week, in which you learn to breathe underwater and use the equipment safely. You only need your own swimming costume and towel. Reduced rates for couples. Opening Hours: Monday and Friday: 6:30 p.m. — 8:30 p.m. Phone: (412)396—6312 Fax: (412)396—6706 Medical Center: The staff of the Medical Center aim to provide convenient and comprehensive medical care to students and staff of the university. The center is well equipped and the staff here are trained to deal wit h a broad range of medical problems. Both female and male doctors as well as nursing staff are available for consultation. Also, all kinds of medicines are sold here and are cheaper for students than other drugstores. Opening Hours: 24 hour from Monday to Sunday Phone: (412)396--6649 Watersports Club: We use a two-kilometer length of river for speedboat racing, and water-skiing, A beginners?course consist s of ten 20-minute lessons. You will learn to handle boats safely and confidently, but must be able to swim. The club is in a convenient central position and is open daily from 9 a.m to 4 p.m, with lessons all through the day. Opening Hours: Monday through Friday: 9:00 a.m.— 4:00 p.m. Phone: (412)396—6899 Fax: (412)396—6890 【小题 1】 If you want to swim and enjoy activities which are fast and a bit dangerous, you should join . Fax: (412)396—6648

A. Watersports Club School

B. Diving Centre

C. Sailing Club

D. Riding

【小题 2】If you want to experience a new activity in the countryside in the mornings, you may fax . A. (412)396—6648 (412)396—6876 【小题 3】 If you are planning to explore the ocean depths, you should attend your lessons at . A. 24 hour from Monday to Sunday B. Monday through Friday: 7:00 a.m.—10:00 p.m. C. Tuesdays: 6:00 p.m.— 8:00 p.m. D. Monday and Friday: 6:30 p.m.— 8:30 p.m. 【小题 4】 You want to do an activity one evening a week and get a certificate in the end, you can go to . B. Diving Center C. Sailing Club D. Riding B. (412)396—6706 C. (412)396—6752 D.

A. Watersports Club School

【小题 5】Which is NOT the convenience that the Medical Center provides? A. Good equipment. C. Various less expensive medicines. 【答案】 【小题 1】A 【小题 2】C 【小题 3】D 【小题 4】C 【小题 5】D 【解析】 B. Well trained staff members. D. Nursery for newly-born babies

(C) Someday a stranger will read your e-mail without your permission or scan the Website you?ve visited, perhaps someone will casually glance through your credit card purchases or cell Or phone bills to find out your shopping preferences or calling habits. In fact, it?s likely some of these things have already happened to you. Who would watch you without your permission? It might be a spouse, a girl friend, a marketing company, a boss, a cop or a criminal. Whoever it is, they will see you in a way you never intended to be seen --- the 21st century equivalent of being caught naked. Psychologists tell us boundaries are healthy, that it's important to reveal yourself to friends, family and lovers in stages, at appropriate times.But few boundaries remain. The digital bread crumbs (碎屑) you leave everywhere make it easy for strangers to reconstruct who you are, where you are and what you like. In some cases, a simple Google search can reveal what you think. Like it or not, increasingly we live in a world where you simply cannot keep a secret. The key question is: Does that matter? For many Americans, the answer apparently is “no.” When opinion polls ask Americans about privacy, most say they are concerned about losing it. A survey found an overwhelming pessimism about privacy, with 60 percent of respondents saying they feel their privacy is “slipping away, and that bothers me.” But people say one thing and do another. Only a tiny fraction of Americans change any behaviors in an effort to preserve their privacy. Few people turn down a discount at tollbooths (收 费站) to avoid using the EZ-Pass system that can track automobile movements. And few turn down supermarket loyalty cards. Privacy economist Alessandro Acauisti has run a series of tests that reveal people will surrender personal information like Social Security numbers just to get their hands on a pitiful 50-cents-off coupon (优惠卷). But privacy does matter - at least sometimes. It?s like health: When you have it, you don?t notice it. Only when it?s gone do you wish you?d done more to protect it.

【小题 1】 What does the author mean by saying “the 21st century equivalent of being caught naked” (Lines 3-4, Para. 2)? A. People's personal information is easily accessed without their knowledge. B. In the 21st century people try every means to look into others? secrets. C. People tend to be more frank with each other in the information age. D. Criminals are easily caught on the spot with advanced technology. 【小题 2】What would psychologists advise on the relationships between friends? A. Friends should open their hearts to each other. B. Friends should always be faithful to each other. C. There should be a distance even between friends. D. There should be fewer disputes between friends. 【小题 3】Why does the author say “we live in a world where you simply cannot keep a secret” ( Line5, para. 3)? A. Modern society has finally evolved into an open society. B. People leave traces around when using modern technology. C. There are always people who are curious about others? affairs. D.Many search engines profit by revealing people?s identities. 【小题 4】What do most Americans do with regard to privacy protection? A. They change behaviors that might disclose their identity. B. They use various loyalty cards for business transactions. C. They rely most and more on electronic devices. D. They talk a lot but hardly do anything about it. 【小题 5】According to the passage, privacy is like health in that A. people will make every effort to keep it B. its importance is rarely understood C. it is something that can easily be lost D. people don?t cherish it until they lose it 【答案】 【小题 1】A 【小题 2】C 【小题 3】B 【小题 4】D 【小题 5】D 【解析】 试题分析:这篇材料讲的是信息时代的隐私保护问题,大体可以分成两个部分,前三段是信 .

息时代隐私遭到泄露的现状,后面几段讲的是人们保护隐私的现实情况。

【小题 4】细节题:从倒数第二段的句子:But people say one thing and do another. Only a tiny fraction of Americans change any behaviors in an effort to preserve their privacy. 可知美国人谈 的很多,但是很少对此采取行动的,选 D 【小题 5】细节理解题。根据 But privacy does matter- at least sometimes. It?s like health; when you have it, you don?t notice it. Only when it?s gone do you wish you?d done more to protect it——直译为:“隐私是有关系的,至少是某些时候。它就像健康,在你拥有它时,你注意不 到它。只有当它离你而去时你才想要是更注意地保护过它就好了。”选 D 考点:考查社会现象类短文 (D) Two friends have an argument that breaks up their friendship forever, even though neither one can remember how the whole thing got started. Such sad events happen over and over in high schools across the country. In fact, according to an official report on youth violence, “In our country today, the greatest threat to the lives of children and adolescents is not disease or starvation or abandonment, but the terrible reality of violence”. Given that this is the case, why aren?t students taught to manage conflict the way they are taught to solve math problems, drive cars, or stay physically fit? First of all, students need to realize that conflict is unavoidable. A report on violence among middle school and high school students indicates that most violent incidents between students begin with a relatively minor insult. For example, a fight could start over the fact that one student eats a peanut butter sandwich each lunchtime. Laughter over the sandwich can lead to insults, which in turn can lead to violence. The problem isn?t in the sandwich, but in the way students deal with the conflict. Once students recognize that conflict is unavoidable, they can practice the golden rule of conflict resolution: stay calm. Once the student feels calmer, he or slid should choose words that

will calm the other person down as well. Rude words, name-calling, and accusation only add fuel to the emotional fire. On the other hand, soft words spoken at a normal sound level can put out the fire before it explodes out of control. After both sides have calmed down, they can use another key strategy for conflict resolution: listening. Listening allows the two sides to understand each other. One person should describe his or her side, and the other person should listen without interrupting. Afterward, the listener can ask non-threatening questions to clarify the speaker?s position. Then the two people should change roles. Finally, students need to consider what they are hearing. This doesn?t mean trying to figure out what?s wrong with the other person. It means understanding what the real issue is and what both sides are trying to accomplish. For example, a shouting match over a peanut butter sandwich might happen because one person thinks the other person is unwilling to try new things.Students need to ask themselves questions such as these: How did this start? What do I really want? What am I afraid of? As the issue becomes clearer, the conflict often simply becomes smaller.Even if it doesn?t, careful thought helps both sides figure out a mutual solution. There will always be conflict in schools, but that doesn?t mean there needs to be violence. After students in Atlanta started a conflict resolution program, according to Educators for Social Responsibility, “64% of the teachers reported less physical violence in the classroom; 75% of the teachers reported an increase in student cooperation; and 92% of the students felt better about themselves”. Learning to resolve conflicts can help students deal with friends, teachers, parents, bosses, and coworkers. In that way, conflict resolution is a basic life skill that should be taught in schools across the country. 【小题 1】This article is mainly about A. the lives of school children B. the cause of arguments in schools C. how to analyze youth violence D. how to deal with school conflicts 【小题 2】From Paragraph 2 we can learn that A. violence is more likely to occur at lunchtime B. a small conflict can lead to violence C. students tend to lose their temper easily D. the eating habit of a student is often the cause of a fight 【小题 3】Why do students need to ask themselves the questions stated in Paragraph 5? A.To make clear what the real issue is. B. To get ready to try new things. C.To find out who is to blame. D. To figure out how to stop the shouting match. 【 小题 4】 After the conflict resolution program was started in Atlanta, it was found . .

that

. A. more teachers felt better about themselves in schools B. there was less student cooperation in the classroom C. there was a decrease in classroom violence D. the teacher-student relationship greatly improved

【小题 5】The writer?s purpose for writing this article is to A. complain about problems in school education B. teach students different strategies for school life C. inform teachers of the latest studies on school violence D. advocate teaching conflict management in schools 【答案】 【小题 1】D 【小题 2】B 【小题 3】A 【小题 4】C 【小题 5】D 【解析】

.

试题分析:文章大意:文章主要讲述了如何来避免在学校学生们冲突升级为暴力,让学生明 白,冲突不可避免但是暴力是可以避免的。同时作者提出了避免暴力的方法,呼吁学校应进 行这方面的教育。 【小题 1】 主旨题。 根据第一段的 Given that this is the case, why aren?t students taught to manage conflict the way they are taught to solve math problems, drive cars, or stay physically fit?及最后 一段可知,文章主要围绕校园冲突展开,及如何来避免冲突的方法。故选 D。 【小题 2】细节推断题。从第二段的句子 A report on violence among middle school and high school students indicates that most violent incidents between students begin with a relatively minor insult.及所举得例子可以看出,一场暴力打斗往往是由小的冲突引起的。故选 B。

【小题 5】 细节推断题。 从最后一段的句子: Learning to resolve conflicts can help students deal with friends, teachers, parents, bosses, and coworkers. In that way, conflict resolution is a basic

life skill that should be taught in schools across the country.可知, 作者呼吁学校应该教学生们如 何来处理冲突,这是学生应该掌握的基本技能。故选 D。 考点:考查教育类说明文 第四部分:写作(共两节;满分 35 分) 第一节 阅读表达(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下面短文,并根据短文后的要求答题,然后将答案填入相应的位置上。(请注意答 题后的词数要求)。 In 2009, the number of hungry people in the world reached one billion for the first time. It is difficult not to be shocked by the fact that more than one in seven people on the planet do not have enough to eat. By the end of this year, more than 35 million people will have died as a result of . Hunger kills more people per year than AIDS and malaria (疟疾) combined. The UN calculates that almost two-thirds of the world?s hungry people are in Asia. More than a quarter are in sub-Saharan Africa. Almost all of the rest are in Latin America, North Africa and the Caribbean. In the richest regions of the world there are only a small number of people who don?t have enough to eat. There are many reasons for world hunger. They include wars, droughts, floods and the overuse of farming land. All of them affect food production. But the most important reason is, quite simple, poverty — which has increased recently due to the economic effects of the financial crisis of 2008. Although many people point out that there would be less hunger if the global population were smaller, few people would argue that there is not enough food to go around. The basic problem seems to be not a lack of food, but its distribution.In the last 50 years, global food production has risen even more quickly than the global population and there are of course many areas of the world where people generally have more than enough food. Overweight is a far bigger problem than hunger there. 【小题 1】 What?s the main topic of the passage? (no more than 3 words )

【小题 2】Where do most of the hungry people live? (no more than 3 words)

【小题 3】Fill in the blank in Para.1 with proper words. (no more than 5 words )

【小题 4】 What does the underlined word “they”(line 4, paragraph 2 ) probably refer to? (no more than 6 words) 【小题 5】What is the suggested way to reduce hunger in Paragraph 3? (no more than 8 words )

【解析】 试题分析:本文讲述的是世界范围的饥饿问题,分析了原因,并提出了解决的方法。 【小题 1】主旨大意题。根据文章第一段内容,尤其是最后一句 Hunger kills more people per year than AIDS and malaria(疟疾 ) combined.说明本文讲述的是全球的饥饿问题。 【小题 2】细节题。根据第二段第一句 The UN calculates that almost two-thirds of the world's hungry people are in Asia. More than a quarter are in sub-Saharan Africa.说明最多的饥饿人群是 在亚洲。

第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假如你叫李华,是某校高三学生。高考在即,看到每天家人和学校为自己做的一切,深有感 触。请根据下表提示写一篇短文。 家长 学校 生活上的照顾 提供了方便(延长图书馆和教室的开放时 间……) 老师 你自己 注意: 学习上给予的帮助(鼓励,答疑解难……) 感受和打算,至少两点

1.必须包括主要内容,可以适当增减细节,使内容连贯、完整; 2.词数:120 词左右; 3.开头已给出,不计入总词数内。 I?m a senior 3 student.The college entrance exam is on the way

【答案】 I?m a senior 3 student. The college entrance exam is on the way and everyone around us is trying their best to help us in different ways. At school, all the teachers work very hard, encouraging us to build up our confidence and inspiring us to improve our study. Whenever we meet with difficulties, they are ready to come to our help. Meanwhile, our school also provides good facilities for us students, for example the library stays open in the evenings and even on the weekends. At home, our parents take good care of us and make sure we are well fed so that we can always be full of energy. I?m very grateful for the efforts of our parents and teachers. I?m determined to try my best to prepare for the exam. I am sure that with their encouragement and timely help I?ll be able to achieve my goal and be a useful person of our society in the near future. 【解析】


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