惠阳高级中学 2010－2011 学年度
一. 根据句意及所给中文完成以下句子。 （20 分） 1. I like those students who are careful with their lessons , _________ (例如) Mary , Linda. 2. ( 事实上 ) ________ ,
the accident caused great damage and a loss of 2 lives. 3. Traveling by train , we visited __________ ( 大量， 许多) cities. 4. Nowadays , the ____________ ( 受过良好教育的) people have more chances to get employed. 5. She always ____________ ( 积极参加) all kinds of activities when she was at school. 6. China ____________ ( 起重要作用 ) international relations. 7. What about _________ ( 求助于) your teacher for help? 8. For students , every chance should be __________ (利用) to study hard. 9. He fell off the bike and _________ (受伤了). 10. He ________ ( 奉献 ) himself to his career and never returned to his homeland. 二.完形填空（20 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 11～20 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中，选出 最佳选项。 Many people of my generation(代，一代) say that there is no hope for the future because of the way that 11 people behave today. Their first argument（论点） is that when we were young we used to look after the 12 people in our community and help them. They also say that young people today don’t 13 about anything or anyone. However, I think the reason why we looked after older people was that we had no 14 . People had to live with their 15 and grandparents because they had no money. Young people today earn more and have more 16 to live where they want. Their second argument is that in our day we didn’t expect （盼望，期待）to be given jobs -----and that young people now don’t look for jobs, but just complain （抱怨） about 17 . On the other hand, things were easier in the past and it was always easy to get a job if you had friends and contacts（关系）. It is really 18 today. In conclusion I think there is hope for the 19 . This generation, like generations before them, has new 20 as well as old problems. If they learn from our mistakes the world will be a better place in future. 11. A. young B. old C. other D. our 12. A. old B. older C. elder D. eldest 13. A. know B. care C. complain D. look 14. A. money B. freedom C. choice D. help 15. A. friends B. children C. grandchildren D. parents 16. A. freedom B. money C. reasons D. hope 17. A. future B. wages C. work D. unemployment（失业）
18. A. easier B. harder C. impossible D. possible 19. A. young B. old C. future D. generation 20.A.opportunities B. hopes C. future D. world 三.语法填空（本题共 20 分，每小题 2 分） 阅读下面短文， 按照句子结构的语法性和上下连贯的要求， 填入适当的词或使用括号中 词语的正确形式填空。将答案填入答题卷中。 I’m 21 only daughter of my parents. So they are worried 22 everything I do. For example, 23 I ride my bike, my parents won’t let me 24 (ride) by myself. They are afraid I might fall off my bike and hurt 25 .They are taking great trouble to support the bike, with my mother even 26 (carry) a first-aid box. I’m not free to ride and I often say 27 (angry), “Why not let me ride alone?” Now, most families have one child. 28 want to do everything for their children. This does no good to them. Too much love from parents may prevent children from ___29 independent. In my opinion, parents should let their children do 30 they should do alone. 四.阅读理解（每小题 2 分，共 50 分） A Many children use the Internet to get useful knowledge and information, and to relax in their free time. But some of them are not using in a good way. Here are some rules to make sure you are safe and have fun on the Internet. ● Make rules for Internet use with your parents. For example, when you can go online, for how long and what activities you can go online. ● Don’t give your password (密码) to anyone else, and never leak out the following information---your real name, home address, age, school, phone number or other personal information. ● Check with your parents before giving out a credit (信用) card number. ● Never send a photo of yourself to someone in e-mail unless your parents say it’s OK. ● Check with your parents before going into a chat room. Different chat rooms have different rules and attract different kinds of people. You and your parents must make sure it’s a right place for you. ● Never agree to meet someone you met on the Internet without your parent’s permission (允许). Never meet anyone you met on line alone. ● Always remember that people online may not be who they say they are. Treat everyone online as strangers. ● If something you see or read online makes you uncomfortable, leave the site. Tell a parent or teacher right away. ● Treat other people as you’d like to be treated. Never use bad language. ● Remember—not everything you read on the Internet is true. 31. If you want a true friend on the Internet , you can ____________ . A tell the people what your name is . B meet the people on line alone. C write an e-mail about yourself . D get your parent’s permission.
32. It’s good for children to ________ on the Internet. A. give password to others B. get useful knowledge and information C. give out a credit card number D. go into a chat room as they’d like to 33. The underlined phrase “leak out” in the third paragraph may mean “________.” A. give away B. leave out C. give out D. put away 34. If your parents don’t agree, never ________. A. read anything on the Internet B. relax in your free time C. have a face-to face meeting with anyone you met online D. treat other people as you’d like to be treated 35. This passage is mainly about “________”. A. How to use Computers B. Surfing on the Internet C. Information on the Interne D. Internet Safety Rules B Do you know why different animals or pests (昆虫) have their special colors? Colors in them seem to be used mainly to protect themselves. Some birds like eating locusts (蝗虫), but birds cannot easily catch them. Why? It is because locusts change their colors together with the change of the colors of crops(庄稼). When crops are green, locusts look green. But as the harvest time comes, locusts change to the same brown color as crops have. Some other pests with different colors from plants are easily found and eaten by others. So they have to hide themselves for lives and appear only at night. If you study the animal life, you’ll find the main use of coloring is to protect themselves. Bears, lions and other animals move quietly through forests. They cannot be easily seen by hunters (猎人). This is because they have the colors much like the trees. Have you ever noticed an even stranger act? A kind of fish in the sea can send out a kind of very black liquid (液体)when it faces danger. While the liquid spreads over (散开), its enemies (敌人)cannot find it. And it immediately swims away. So it has lived up to now though it is not strong at all. 36. From the passage we learn that locusts________. A. are small animals B. are easily found by birds C. are dangerous to their enemies D. change their colors to protect themselves 37. How can pests with different colors from plants keep out of danger? A. They run away quickly. B. They have the colors much like their enemies. C. They hide themselves by day and appear at night. D. They have to move quietly. 38. Bears and lions can keep safe because _________. A. they have the colors much like the trees B. they move quietly C. they like brown and gray colors D. they live in forests 39. Why can the kind of fish live up to now? A. Because it is very and strong. B. Because the liquid it sends out can help it escape from its enemies.
C. Because the liquid it sends out can kill its enemies. D. Because it swims faster than any other fish. 40. Which is the best title for this passage? A. The Change of Colors for Animals and Pests B. Colors of Different Animals and Pests C. The Main Use of Colors for Animals and Pests D. Some Animals and Pests C In 1993 an unknown American called Clarence Nash went to see the filmmaker Walt Disney. He had an unusual voice and he wanted to work in Disney’s cartoon(动画 片) film for children. When Walt Disney heard Nash’s voice, he said “Stop! That’ s our duck!” The duck was the now-famous Donald Duck, who first appeared in 1934 in the firm The Wise Little Hen. Donald lived in an old houseboat(水上住家) and wore his sailor jacket and hat. Later that year he became a star after an eight – minute Mickey Mouse film. The cinema audience liked him because he was lazy and greedy(贪婪的), and because he lost his temper (发脾气) very quickly. And they loved his voice when he became angry with Mickey’s eight nephews(侄子). Soon Donald was more popular than Mickey Mouse himself, probably because he wasn’t a goody-goody like Mickey. In the 1930S, 40s and 50s Donald and his friends Mickey, Goofy and Pluto made hundreds of Disney cartoons. He also made educational films about the place of the USA in the world, and safety in the home. Then in 1966 Donald Duck and his voice disappeared – there were no more new cartoons. Clarence Nash died in February, 1985. But today’s children can still see the old cartoons on television and hear that famous voice. 41. Who made Donald Duck film? ______ A. Mickey Mouse. B. Clarence Nash. C. Walt Disney. D. Pluto. 42. When was the first Donald Duck film made? ______ A. In 1933. B. In 1934. C. In 1966. D. In 1930. 43. Who was Clarence Nash? ______ A. A cartoonist. B. Donald Duck’s voice. C. A film-maker. D. A film star. 44. Where do today’s children see Donald Duck ? ______ A. In new film. B. At the cinema. C. On television. D. At concerts. 45. The underlined word “audience” in the second paragraph means______ . A. reads B. formal interview C. law freedom D. the people who watch a film at a cinema D Dreams are expressions of thoughts, feelings and events that pass through our mind while we are sleeping. Everybody dreams. But only some people remember their dreams. Our dreams often include all the senses (感觉)—smells, sounds, sights, tastes and things we touch. We dream in colour. Sometimes we dream the same dream
over and over again. These repeated（重复的） dreams are often unpleasant. They may even be nightmares—bad dreams that frighten us. Early in the twentieth century, two famous scientists developed their personal ideas about dreams. Austrian psychiatrist(心里学家) Sigmund Freud published a book called “The Interpretation(诠释) of Dreams” in 1900. Freud believed people often dream about things they want but can’t have. These dreams often have something to do with sex and aggression(侵犯). Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung worked closely with Freud for several years, but he believed dreams could help people grow and understand themselves. He believed dreams provide solutions(解答) to problems we face when we are awake. He didn’t believe dreams hide our feelings about sex or aggression. Today we know more about the science of dreaming because researchers can take pictures of people’s brains while they are sleeping. Other researchers are studying how dreaming helps our bodies work with problems and very sad emotions(感情). Robert Stickgold is a professor of psychiatry at Harvard University in Massachusetts. Doctor Stickgold says that when we dream, the brain is trying to make sense of the world. He does not agree with Sigmund Freud that dreaming is the way we express our hidden feelings and desires(愿望). Scientists believe it is important to keep researching dreams. Doctor Stickgold says it has been more than one hundred years since Sigmund Freud published his important book about dreaming. Yet there is still no agreement on exactly how the brain works when we are dreaming or why we dream. 46. Dreams _________. A. are remembered by everyone B. express all that we think in our mind C. include few senses and things we touch D. are sometimes nightmares(恶梦) that repeat and frighten us 47. A book on dreaming was published by _________. A. Sigmund Freud B. Robert Stickgold C. Carl Jung D. the writer 48. In the passage, all the psychiatrists _________. A. believe dreams can help people understand all the problems that they face B. think dreams always hide someone’s feelings about sex or aggression C. study dream and dreaming and have their own ideas D. have the same idea that people often dream about the things they want 49. From the passage, we know that _________. A. Jung thought that dreams provide solutions to problems we face when we are sleeping B. Freud developed the idea that dreams are expressions of people’s hidden feelings C. scientists have known quite well why we dream because they can take pictures of our brains D. other researchers have discovered how dreaming helps our bodies work with problems and very sad emotions 50.Which would be the best title(标题) for the passage?
A. The Explanations of Dreams C. The Solutions to Dreams
B. The Ways of Dreams D. The Mystery(奥秘) of Dreams and Dreaming E
信息匹配：（共 5 小题，每题 2 分，满分 10 分） 下面是一篇应用文及其应用场合的信息， 请阅读下列应用文和相关信息， 并按照要求匹 配信息。选项中有一项是多余的。 首先，请阅读下列广告语： A. “Just do it!” — This slogan (口号) speaks out to teens. It tells them to do something, but only if they think it’s worth it. And if so, why not do it wearing Nike? B. “Always Coca-Cola.”— Coke’s slogans change every few years, but this one has enjoyed a lasting popularity because it shows the brand’s spirit. It seems to say “Coke is the only drink there is; there are no other forms of drink.” C.“Share moments, share life.”— This slogan from Kodak connects photos and beauty. It asks people to remember the happy moments in life by taking photos of them — using Kodak film of course! D. On hearing the slogan “Make yourself heard”, you will know there is Ericsson product for you to call anyone. E. There are some public service advertisements (PSAs) that educate people about public service projects, such as Project Hope. Its slogan is “Project Hope（希 望工程） — Schooling every child.” F. One toothpaste ad says “Bright-teeth fights bad breath!” The advertisers want you to read the word “fight” and think that the toothpaste cures bad breath. 请阅读以下购买者的信息，然后匹配购买者和他/她拟购买产品的广告语： Jack passed the entrance exam and was admitted to a famous university. These days, his father is looking for a mobile phone for him so as to keep in touch with each other closely. Tom was a senior middle school student. He likes sports very much and plays football every afternoon. But after class this afternoon he has to buy a pair of shoes because his shoes have been worn out. There’s a party this evening — for Mary’s 15th birthday. Her family are making preparations for it. Her brother’s job is to buy some drink. Joan doesn’t want to forget the past, especially the happy moments. Alice is afraid of opening her mouth, because a bad smell will come out, which makes her feel embarrassed when talking with others. So she needs something which can remove the smell no matter how much it is. 购买者 广告语 51. Jack A. Just do it! 52. Tom B. Always Coca-Cola. 53. Mary C. Share moments, share life. 54. Joan D. Make yourself heard. 55. Alice E. Project Hope — Schooling every child.
F. Bright-teeth fights bad breath! 五.句子翻译及关系代/副词填空(25 分) A: 关系代/副词填空. 56. Do you remember the day ________ we first met? 57. I’m not interested in all ________ you have said and did. 58. This is the reason _______ he didn’t come to school. 59. I don’t like such novels _______ you read. 60. Those ______ want to go camping raise your hands ,please. B:据提示翻译句子。 61. 每天有大量的作业要做，大家都很累。(so...that) 62. 尽管他非常忙，他还是乐于(be willing to)助人。 63. 我不喜欢你的说话方式。（定语从句） 64. 你知道这河流被污染(pollute)的原因吗？（定语从句） 65. 正如我们所知，一些学生在考试中作弊(cheat)。（定语从句） 六.书面表达（15 分） 根据中文意思,写出意思连贯、符合逻辑的英文文段。中文提示内容不必逐句翻译；可适当 加入与话题相关内容.题目已拟 (80 词左右) ? 几年以前我家只有一间小屋。 三个人住一间屋真是艰难。 现在我们已经搬进了一套两室一厅 的单元房。我非常高兴。当我父母做. . . , 我能. . . 。我爱我的家。?单元房：a new flat I love my home
一、 根据句意及所给中文完成以下句子。（20 分） 1.such as 2. in fact/as a matter of fact 3. a (great) number of 4. well-educated 5. took active part in 6. plays an important part in 7.turning to 8. made use of 9. was injured 10. devoted 二、 11-15:ABBCD 16-20:ADBCA （20 分） 三、 21.the 22.about 23.when 24. ride 25. myself 26. carrying 27. angrily 28.parents 29. being 30. what （20 分） 四、 31-35: DBCCD 36-40: DCABC 41-45: CBBCD 46-50:DACBD 51-55: DABCF （50 分） 五、 A:56. when 57. that 58. why 59. as 60. who （5 分） B: 句子翻译（20 分） 61. There’s so much homework to do every day that everyone is very tired. 62. Although he is very busy, he is willing to help others 63. I don’t like the way that you speak. 64. Do you know the reason why the river was polluted? 65. As we all know , some students cheat in the exam. 六、书面表达（15 分） A few years ago, my family had only one small room. It was very hard for three people to live in the same room ， because sometimes it ’ s very inconvenient .Now we have moved into a new flat with one living room and two bedrooms. I'm very happy. I can do my homework quietly in my own room when my parents do the housework or other things. On weekends my family often watch TV ,chat or listen to music in the living room. love my home.
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