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高一英语必修3 Unit 1教案

高一英语必修 3 教案

Unit 1 Festivals around the world
怀集一中高一英语备课组 于叶盈 罗晓兰

Teaching aims of this unit
1. Talk about festivals and celebrations 2. Talk about the ways to express request and thanks 3. Learn to use Modal verbs 4. Write a similar story with a different ending Teaching aims: Vocabulary: Phrases: 见教参 Sentence patterns: Grammar: Modal verbs: May might, can could will would shall should must can Talk about festivals: Festivals are meant to celebrate important events. Different countries have different festivals Festivals in China : New year the Spring Festival. , Yuan xiao festival (the Lantern’s Festival) The Army Day, International Labour’s Day, National Day, Tomb Sweeping Festival, Dragon Boat Festival, Mid-autumn Day Festivals in other countries: Thanksgiving Day Christmas Day Mother ’s Day Easter Step Ⅳ Assignment 1. Consolidation 2. Listening to the material again after class to be familiar with it. 3. Homework: Collect as much information about festivals as possible. Unit 1 重点短语 1.mean doing sth. 意味着; mean to do sth. 打算或企图做某事; mean sb. to do sth. 打算让某人做某事 be meant for 打算作……用; 为…而有 2.take place 发生;举行 3.of all kinds 各种各样的 4.starve to death 饿死 be starved of 缺乏, starve for sth, starve to do,渴望 5.plenty of 大量; 充足 6.be satisfied with 感到满意 to one’s satisfaction 感到满意是 7.do harm to sb.=do sb. harm 伤害某人 8.in the shape of 呈…的形状,以…的形式 9.in memory of/ to the memory of sb.纪念某人 10.dress up 穿上最好的衣服;打扮,化装 11.award sth.(to sb.)和 award sb.sth.(for sth.) 给予、颁奖 reward sb. for sth. 因 …奖赏某人; reward sb. with sth. 用某物酬劳某人 12. admire sb. for sth 在某方面钦佩某人 13.look forward to 期望,期待,盼望 14,have fun with(与某人)玩得开心;过得快乐 ( have a good time, enjoy oneself.) 15. turn up.来;出现;把(收音机等)音量开大些 turn down 拒绝; turn off 关掉; turn on 打开; turn out 结果是...... turn to sb. for help 向某人求助 16.keep one’s word 守信用; break one’s word, 失信 17.It be obvious that-clause 显而易见;一目了然 18.set off 动身, 出发; 使(地雷、炸弹)爆炸; set in 开始; set up 建立,创立 ; set out to do = set about doing sth.着手做 set down 写下,记下 19.remind sb. of sth. 提醒,使想起

Book 3 Unit 1

Festivals around the world


本单元重点单词, 词组:take place ; in memory of ; dress up ; look forward to ; turn up ; keep one’s word ; set off ; remind of ; 一、.重点短语用法: 1)take place: happen ; occur 发生,举行 eg: The wedding will take place tomorrow. 仿写:这场事故是什么时候发生的?_________________________________________________ 归纳: take the place of : 代替,取代 in place of : 代替,交换 in place : 放在原来的位置 in the first place: (列举理由) 首先,第一点 2)in memory of = in honor of 纪念,追念 eg: Many ceremonies are in memory of famous people. 仿写:我们聚在一起是为了纪念为我们的幸福而牺牲的人们。 ________________________________________________________ 3) dress up : 打扮,装饰 eg: Everyone is dressing up for the big party tonight. 联想: dress up as + n : 打扮成 be dressed in +衣服/颜色 :穿着 练习:a. Our English teacher _____________ red today so that she looks more beautiful. b, The gunman _________________ a policeman to rob . 4) look forward to :盼望,期待 eg: I am looking forward to seeing you this summer vacation. 归纳拓展: to 是介词的短语有: lead to 导致,通向 refer to 查阅,提到 stick to 坚持 be /get used to 习惯于 pay attention to 注意 admit to 承认 devote to 致力于 5)turn up : 出现,调大(音量) eg: It’s time for the meeting , but he hasn’t turned up. 仿写:半小时后他才出现。 _____________________________________ 归纳拓展:turn away : 走开,转过脸去 turn over: 打翻,移交 turn into : 把...变成 6) keep one’s word = keep one’s promise 守信用 eg: The reason why she has so many friends is that she always keeps her word in any situation. 仿写:除非你履行你的诺言,否则就没人相信你了。 ________________________________________________________ 7) set off : 出发,动身,使爆炸 eg: What time are you planning to set off tomorrow? 拓展: set off for a place :出发到某地 set about doing sth :开始(某工作) set out : 从某地出发上路 set sth aside: 将..放一边 8)remind ....of 使....想起 eg: The story reminds me of my childhood. 仿写:这张相片使我想起一次兴奋的经历。 ________________________________________________________ 二、短文翻译:用本单元的词和短语翻译下列 5 个句子。 去年 12 月 22 号晚上,当时我们正盼望着圣诞节的来临,我们班发生了意料不到的事情。一 个圣诞老人出现在我们的教室,让我们很吃惊。开始,他什么也不说并屏住呼吸,因此没有人知道 谁打扮成圣诞老人搞恶作剧。后来,我们发现是李华想和我们开玩笑。最后,他因打断我们学习而 向我们道歉,我们原谅了他。


Book 3 Unit 1

Festivals around the world


1._____________ n . 庆祝→ ________________ vt. 庆祝 2.______________ v. 饿死 → _____________ n. 饥饿 3.__________ n. 信任 → _____________ vt. 相信 4.______________ adj. 宗教上的→ _____________ n. 宗教 5.____________ n. 到来→ ______________ v. 到达 6.____________ n. 独立→ __________ adj. 独立的→ ____________ v. 依赖 7.___________ v. 钦佩→ _______________ adj. 令人钦佩的 8.______________ adj. 精力充沛的→ ______________ n. 精力 9._______________ n. 许可→ ______________ v. 允许 10._______________ v. 道歉→ ______________ n. 道歉 二: 根据短文内容提示和汉语提示,挑选本单元所学的词汇并用其适当的形式完成下面短文。 An Interesting Festival National Agricultural Feast _2 its _ _1 _ (举行) after the Independence Day _ 3 __ (盼望) its arrival for

__ ( 为了纪念)ancestors. Only European Christians _ 4_ _ (宗教) origin.

Long ago, it became a _ had fun with each other and never

5 __ (社会) daily custom that fool humans always _ 7_

6 __ (耍诡计) , 8 __

_(遵守诺言). So obvious possibility to gain God’s _

(原谅),a handsome poet still admired God and kept _ 许) to eat , humans became 11

9 _ (抱歉). God was moved. With his _10_ _ (允

_ (精力充沛) again.

三. 句子翻译 1. 小孩伸手够桌上的苹果,但它太高了。 2. 我认为他没有告诉你真相。 3. 我怎样才能报答你呢? 4. 读完这个伤心的故事,她忍不住哭了。 5. 当他醒过来的时候,他发现自己躺在医院里。


Book 3 Unit 1

Festivals around the world
Unit 1 SBII



1、It is obvious / clear + that 从句


(1)________________________________________________. 显然,你错了。 (2)______________________________. 很显然,他对中国的习俗很了解 (be familiar with)

2、who 引导非限制性定语从句,在从句中作主语 (1)The young Chinese singer Li Yuchun,____________was pictured on the cover of Times,was known in America.年轻的中国歌手李宇春,因为登上了《时代》杂志的封面,在美国很出名。 (2)Our Chinese teacher,_______________________,often makes us _________________in class.我 们的语文老师,一个幽默的女人,经常逗得我们在课堂上哈哈大笑。 3、 either…or… 或者……或者……,连接并列成分

注意:either…or…连接并列主语时,谓语动词与相邻的主语在数上保持一致 (1)Now you have two choices:______________________to go to study further,________________to work at once.你现在有两个选择:或者继续求学深造,或者马上参加工作。 (2)Either food or clothes____________what___________________.食物或衣服是我需要的 4、covered with cherry tree flowers 过去分词短语作状语

(1)________________________by the teacher for many times, she finally______________________ 老师教了很多次以后,她终于会跳舞了。 (2)_____________________________,he forgot to have meals. 因为对故事感兴趣,他都忘了吃饭 5、Finding that Zhinu was heart-broken 现在分词作状语

(1)_______________________alone in the countryside, the old man lived a hard life. 一个人住在乡下,老人生活得很艰苦。 (2)_______________,as if ________________.看着这些旧照片, 我似乎又回到了童年 (childhood) (3)_______, he remembered the time _____he was a student. 坐在教室里, 他又想起了上学的时光。 二、用括号中所给的词翻译下列句子。 1、每个国家都有奇特的节日,其中有一些非常有趣,而且历史悠久。 (some of which) _____________________________________________________________________ 2、中国的春节开始于农历 12 月底。 (Spring festival; take place; the 12th lunar month) _____________________________________________________________________ 3、过年前,人们做好充分的准备,比如大扫除、买新衣等等。 (get ready; such as) _____________________________________________________________________

4、除夕夜,人们吃团圆饭。 (a family dinner) _____________________________________________________________________ 5、无论离家多远,这天家里成员都会赶回来。 (no matter how; far away from; be present) _____________________________________________________________________ 6、新年第一天,人们打扮一新,访亲探友。 (dress up; greet; relative) _____________________________________________________________________ 7、人们庆祝美好生活,给孩子们压岁钱(look forward to; lucky money)

高一英语作文练习 例文

Unit 1


假设你的外国朋友 Eric 对中国的端午节非常感兴趣,请根据下面的提示写一篇 5 句话作文,向 他介绍这一节日。文章内容如下: 1、端午节是中国的传统节日,在每年的农历五月初五庆祝; 2、有关端午节的起源的传说很多,但被人们普遍接受的说法是为了纪念爱国诗人屈原; 3、屈原是我国战国时期著名的诗人和爱国者,他为了自己的国家投江自尽; 4、当地的居民匆忙地划船在江内寻找屈原,并将米投入江中来喂鱼群,以免它们吃掉屈原; 5、后来就渐渐地演变成人们在每年的这个时期赛龙舟、吃粽子的习俗。 参考词汇:Dragon Boat Festival patriotic poet 爱国诗人 端午节 legend 传说 origin 来源 in memory of 纪念 commit suicide 自尽

patriot 爱国者

the Warring States period 战国时期 dragon boat race 赛龙舟

drown oneself in the river 投江自尽 develop into 演变 步骤一:认真审题,提炼要点

一定体裁:本题是一篇介绍节日的说明文。该类文章常分为两个部分:第一部分是对节日做一 个总的介绍,第二部分则介绍该节日的重要信息点。 二定时态:对于过去人物事迹的描述应用过去时,但对客观事实的陈述应用现在时 三定要点:结合写作内容,整理和罗列要点。 步骤二:紧扣主题,连词成句。 下面是根据信息点整合成的 7 句话,请根据提示补全句子。 1、Dragon Boat Festival is a _____________(tradition) Chinese festival. 2、It is ________________(庆祝) on the fifth day of the fifth Chinese lunar month. 3、There are many legends about ______________(来源) of this festival. 4、It is widely accepted that it is held ________________(为了纪念) the patriotic poet Qu Yuan.

5、Qu Yuan was a famous poet and patriot of the Warring States Period. He committed suicide by ____________________________(投江自尽) for his country. 6、The local people rushed into their boats to __________________(寻找)him while throwing rice into the river to feed the fish so they would not eat Qu’s body. 7、This later__________________(演变成) the custom of holding dragon boat races and eating Zongzi 步骤三:连词成篇 ?Dragon Boat Festival is a traditional Chinese festival, which is celebrated on the fifth day of the fifth Chinese lunar month. ?There are many legends about origins of this festival, but it is widely ?Qu Yuan, a

accepted that it is held in memory of the drowning himself in the river for his country.

famous poet and patriot of the Warring States Period, committed suicide by drowning himself in the river for his country. ④The local people, out of respect for him, rushed into their boats to search for him ⑤This later

while throwing rice into the river to feed the fish so they would not eat Qu’s body. developed into the custom of holding dragon boat races and eating Zongzi. ?~?简要介绍端午节 ?~⑤介绍端午节的主要特征

即学即练 假如你的外国友人 Tom 碰巧在清明时节来到中国,他很想了解该节日。请根据以下提示写一篇 5 句话的短文,内容要点如下: 1、清明节(Qingming Day)是中国传统的扫墓节日,在每年的四月五日庆祝; 2、这是中国人纪念先人的传统节日; 3、在这一天,人们带着食物和纸钱去祖先的墓前扫墓; 4、人们出去墓前的杂草,扫去尘土,把祭品摆在墓前; 5、他们向祖先祈福; 6、在民间风俗信仰中,已逝之人应坐北朝南安葬在有很多松树的森林或山中; 7、人们相信,这种地方才会让祖先高兴,这样祖先才会保佑活着的家人。 参考词汇: tomb-sweeping day tomb paper money Offerings 扫墓 坟墓 纸钱 祭品 remember / honor sweep away lay out pray to sb for blessing 扫 摆放 向某人祈福 纪念

_____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________

Book 3 Unit 1

Festivals around the world


学案一答案:重点短语用法: 1. When did the accident take place? 2. We gathered here in memory of those who died for our happiness. 3. Is dressed in ; dressed up as 5 He didn’t turn up until half an hour later. 6. No one will believe you any more unless you keep your word. 8. The picture reminds me of an exciting experience. 短文翻译: On the night of 22nd December last year, when we were looking forward to the coming of Christmas Day, an unexpected thing took place in our class. A Santa Claus turned up in our classroom, which amazed us very much. First ,he said nothing and held his breath, so nobody knew who dressed up as a Father Christmas to play a trick on us. Later, we found that it was Li Hua who wanted to have fun with us. At last he apologized to us for disturbing us and we forgave him. 学案二 一、词性变化:1.celebration ; celebrate 2. starve; starvation 3. belief; believe 4.religious; religion 5. arrival ; arrive 6.independence; independent; depend 7. admire; admirable 8energetic ; energy 9. Permission; permit 10 .apologize ; apology. 二、短语填空: 1.takes place 2. in memory of 3. look forward to 4 religious 5. social 5.play tricks 7. kept their words 8. forgiveness 9. apologizing 10.permission 11 energetic 三. 句子翻译(每题 3 分,共 15 分) 1. The child reached out for the apple, but it was too high. 2. I think he didn’t tell you the truth. 3. How can I pay you back? 4. After reading the sad story, she couldn’t help crying. 5. When he came to/ woke up, he found himself lying in hospital. 学案三 高一作文同步练习答案 节假活动 Unit1 SBIII 一、重点句型 1. (1)It is obvious that you are wrong(2)It is obvious that he is very familiar with the Chinese customs 2.(1)who (2) who is a humorous woman, burst into laughter 3. (1) either, or (2) are, I need / want 4. (1) Taught, could dance (2) Interested in the story 5. (1) Living (2) Looking at the old pictures, I returned to childhood (3) Sitting in the classroom, when 二、句子翻译 1. Every country in the world has special festivals, some of which are interesting and have a long history. 2. Spring Festival in China takes place at the end of the 12th lunar month. 3. Before the Spring Festival, people often get everything ready for it, such as doing family cleaning, and buying new clothes for the family. 4. On the New Year’s Eve, there is a big family dinner. 5. All members of the family try to be present, no matter how far away they are 6. On the first day of the new year, people often dress up and greet their relatives and friends. 7. They look forward to the wonderful future and children are given lucky money as a gift. 三、即学即练 Qingming Day, the traditional tomb-sweeping day in China which falls on 5 April, is a traditional festival when Chinese remember and honor their ancestors. On this day, people take food and paper money to visit the tombs of previous generations. Weeds are pulled, dirt is swept away, and people lay out offerings. They pray to their ancestors for the blessing. In the tradition of folk religion, Chinese tombs are usually placed in woods or mountains and faces south with many pine trees around, because it is believed that such a place will make the ancestors happy, and in return, they will look after the living family.


必修 3 Unit1 Festivals around the world 名师导航
名师导航 单词?巧记?典句?考点 starve [stα v]? vi.&vt.? 使饿死;饿得要死 【巧记提示】 star(星星) starve (饿死),星星饿死了。? 【经典例句】 The wolf was starved into hanging itself.?那只狼被饿得上吊而死。? 【考点聚焦】 1)切记 starve 表“感觉很饿”时,仅用于进行时态。如: When will the dinner be ready?I'm starving.?晚饭什么时候做好?我要饿死了。? 2)注意常用搭配:starve for sth.;starve sb.of sth. 渴望获得某事物。后者通常用于被动语态,构成 be starved of 的句型。如:? The homeless children were starved of love.(这些无家可归的孩子们渴望得到爱。 )作此意讲时类似于 long for sth.渴望某事。 origin [' rId In]? n. 起源;由来;起因?? 【经典例句】 The rumor had its origin in an impulsive remark.?谣言源于一次冲动的谈话。? 【考点聚焦】 1) 记住同根词:original adj.? 最初的;独创的;新颖的;originate vt./vi.? 发源;发生; origination n.? 开始;起源? gain [geIn]? vt.&vi.? 得到;获得?【巧记提示】 No pains no gains.不劳无获。? 【经典例句】 Drive faster—the police car is gaining on us!?开快点,警车快追上我们了!? 【考点聚焦】 1)gain 可指“营利;获利”,还可指“增加”。如:? The market gained 30 points.股市增长了 30 个点。? 2)gain 还可表示“赚得;挣得,尤指因某种服务、劳动或工作而获?得的”?。 gather ['g ?]? vt.vi.& n.? 集合;聚集;搜集? 【巧记提示】 father(爸爸)? gather (集合) ,爸爸集合。? 【经典例句】 Clouds gather before a thunderstorm.?在风暴来临之前云层聚集。? award [ w d]? n.? 奖励;奖品;? vt.? 授予;判定? 【巧记提示】 toward(向)? award (奖品) ,向着奖品。? 【经典例句】 He won the first award of talking big competition.?他获得吹牛比赛的一等奖。? 【考点聚焦】 1)award 也可以作为动词,意思是“颁发、授予、赏给”。如:? They awarded Mr Brown the gold medal for his fine vegetables at the show.? 因其优质的蔬菜展览,他们颁发给布朗先生金牌。? admire [ d'maI ]? vt.? 欣赏;钦佩;羡慕? 【经典例句】 We all admired her for climbing like a monkey.?她能像猴子一样爬,我们钦佩不已。? 【考点聚焦】 1)留心同根词:admirer n.?赞美者,羡慕者;admiring ? adj? 赞赏的;羡慕的; . admiration ? n.? 欣赏;钦佩? 2)注意 admire 和 envy 在意思上的区别:admire 偏重 “欣赏;钦佩”,而 envy 则侧重 “嫉妒”。 apologise(同 apologize)[ pl d aIz]? vi.? 道歉;辩白? 【巧记提示】 ap(向)+olo(瞪眼的样子)+g+ise (动词后缀),瞪着眼向人辩白。? 【经典例句】 Bill was apologizing to me for having eaten all my grapes.? 比尔为吃光了我所有的葡萄,正向我道歉? 【考点聚焦】 1)注意常用句型:apologise to sb.向某人道歉;? apologise for sth./doing sth.因(做 了)某事而道歉;? apologise to sb.for sth./doing sth. 因某事而向某人道歉? 2)其名词形式为 apology。相关搭配:make/offer an apology(to sb.for sth.)道歉;accept(refuse) an apology 接受(拒绝)道歉。

Weep [wi p] vi.vt.& n.? 哭;哭泣;流泪? 【经典例句】 The cat is weeping for the death of the mouse.? 那只猫正为那只老鼠的死而哭泣。? 【考点聚焦】 1)注意常用搭配:weep away 哭个不停,在哭泣中度过;weep oneself (one's heart) out 尽情痛哭,哭得死去活来;weep out 边哭边说,用哭来发泄(感情)? forgive [f gIv] ? vt.? (forgave, forgiven, forgiving) 原谅;宽恕? 【经典例句】 He said he would never forgive me for using a small piece of his paper.? 我用了他的一张小纸,他说他决不原谅我。? 【考点聚焦】 1 )注意同根词: forgivable ? adj.? 可宽恕的; forgivably ? adv.? 可宽恕地; forgiving ? adj.? 宽大的,慈悲的? 短语?巧记?典句?考点 take place 发生? ? 【经典例句】 Great changes have taken place in China in the past 10 years.? 在最近十年里,中国发生了巨大变化。? 【考点聚焦】 注意和 happen,break out,come about 的区别:? take place 相当于不及物动词,没有被动语态,指事先计划或预想到的事情的发生。? happen 也是不及物动词,没有被动语态,指一切客观事物或情况的偶然或未能预见地发生,可以和 to 连用及接 that 引导的从句。? break out 仅用于负面场合,多指灾难、战争、疾病等现象的突然发生,同样也没有被动语态。? come about 属于中性词语。既可用于表达正面事物的发生,又可用于表达负面事物的发生。 2.lead to 引领;通向;导致;招致? 【例句】 Hard work leads to success,while laziness leads to failure.勤奋就能成功,而懒惰导致失败。 【考点聚焦】 1) lead sb.to+? n.? 带领……通往/到……,to 为介词。如:? Your explanation has led me to a clear understanding.?你的解释使我了解清楚了此事。? 2) lead sb.to do sth.使某人做某事,此时 to 为动词不定式,后接动词原形。如:? What led you to believe it??什么使你相信它? 我的记忆卡 动词+介词 to 构成的常用短语有:? look forward to 盼望…… turn to 求助于;转向?pay attention to 注意…… stick to 坚持? get down to 开始认真干…… object to 反对?belong to 属于 refer to 谈到;涉及;参阅? point to 指向 see to 处理,料理? come to 共计;苏醒 reply to 答复? agree to 同意 add to 增加? devote...to...贡献……给…… compare...to...把……比作…… ? in memory of/to the memory of sb.用以纪念某人;为了纪念某人? 【经典例句】 They set up a monument in memory of the soldiers who died in the Anti-Japanese War.? 他们建起一座纪念碑,用以纪念抗日战争中牺牲的战士们。? 【考点聚焦】 1)动词:memorize ? 记住;记忆? 名词、形容词:memorial ? n.? 纪念物;纪念馆;? adj.? 记念的;记忆的? 2) in memory of 短语中 memory 前不用冠词。 类似结构的词组还有 in honor of 纪念;in front of 在… 前面;in place of 代替;in possession of 拥有,持有;in need of 需要;in favor of 赞同,有?利于 dress up(in) (使)盛装; (使)打扮;装饰? 【例句】 We dressed up for the school ball on Christmas day.我们为参加学校的圣诞舞会而盛装打扮。 【考点聚焦】 1)动词 dress 的其他用法:dress sb.给某人穿衣;dress oneself 给自己穿衣服;dress in 穿什么衣服。如:?She dressed her son in uniform in a hurry,because he couldn't dress himself 她匆匆 地给儿子穿上制服,因为他自己不会穿。?

2)过去分词 dressed 可作表语,be dressed(in)表示穿着状况。如:? He is smartly dressed in red when I saw him at the dinner.?我在宴会上见到他身着红衣,帅气十足。? play a trick (on sb.)/play tricks (on sb.) 捉弄某人;开某人玩笑? 【巧记提示】 play(玩)+a(一个)+trick(恶作剧) ? 【经典例句】 It is acceptable to play tricks on your friends on April 1st.? 4 月 1 日那天,同朋友们开玩笑是可以接受的。? 【考点聚焦】 1)相关短语:trick...into...欺骗;坑人 trick sb.out of 骗取 ? 2)类似的常用表达有:? play a joke on sb.戏弄某人?have a joke with sb.与某人说笑话? make a joke about sb.or sth.拿某人或某事说笑话? laugh at sb.嘲笑某人?make fun of sb.取笑某人 look forward to sth./doing sth.期待着某事/做某事? 【经典例句】 I'm looking forward to flying in the sky like a bird.?我盼望能像鸟一样能在空中飞翔。 【考点聚焦】 要注意这里的 to 是介词,后面要接动名词或名词。? ? 我的记忆卡 以 look 为中心的一些短语:? look after 照料 look out 注意;当心 look up 查到;抬头看 look over 翻阅;浏览 look into 调查 look up to 仰慕;尊敬? look down upon 轻视;看不起 ? day and night=night and day 日日夜夜;不分昼夜? 【巧记提示】 day(白天)+ and(和)+ night(晚上) ? 【经典例句】 The boy plays the computer games night and day.?这男孩日日夜夜玩电脑游戏。? 【考点聚焦】 要注意 day 和 night 前均无冠词。类似结构的短语还有:? day after day 日复一日地;day by day 一天一天的;渐渐地 have fun(=enjoy oneself) 玩得开心? 【巧记提示】 have(有)+ fun(乐)? 【经典例句】 What fun the children had at the seaside!? 孩子们在海边玩得真开心!? 【考点聚焦】 1)相关短语:make fun of sb 取笑,嘲笑;for/in fun 开玩笑地,闹着玩地? 2)fun 与 funny 的区别:? fun 为名词,意为“玩笑;有趣的人或事;娱乐;嬉戏”,是不可数名词。? funny 为形容词,意为“滑稽的,好笑的,古怪的,令人惊奇的”。 turn up 到场;出现? 【经典例句】 He finally turned up, but he was several hours late.?他终于来了,但是迟到了几个小时。 【考点聚焦】 turn up 还有其他意思:? 向上翻/翘,把…向上翻,卷起;找到,发现;被找到,被发现,被证明;开大灯火、煤气等,开大收音机。 我的记忆卡 以 turn 为中心的一些常用短语:? turn into 变成;变得? turn off 关掉(自来水、电灯、收音机等)? turn on 打开;旋开(电灯、无线电、煤气等)? turn over 翻转;翻身;耕翻(土地等)? turn out 结果是;证明是? turn to 转向;求助于? turn down 关小;调低;拒绝 fall in love(with sb.)=begin to be in love(with sb.) 爱上某人? 【巧记提示】 fall (掉下)+in(里)+love(爱)? 【经典例句】 They fell in love with each other at first sight.?他们一见钟情。? 【考点聚焦】 1) fall in love 与 be in love 的区别:? be in love(with sb.)意为“与某人相爱(恋爱)”,属于延续性动词短语;? fall in love(with sb.)意为“爱上某人”,属于终止性动词短语。?

2)在肯定的现在完成时句中,终止性动词(短语)不能与表示一段时间的状语连用,如若必须用 其表示,则把它换成与之相对应的延续性动词(短语)或改用其他句式。 keep one's word 守信用;履行诺言? 【巧记提示】 keep (保持)+one's(某人的)+ word(话)? 【经典例句】 You promised to take the children camping so you must keep your word. 你答应过要带孩 子们去野营,所以你必须遵守诺言。? 【考点聚焦】 1)同义词:be as good as one's word 守信? 2)反义词:break one's word 不守诺言,失信 我的记忆卡 与 word 有关的一些短语:? eat one's words 认错;收回前言并道歉 ? have a word with sb.与某人谈话 ? have words with sb.和某人吵架 ? in other words 换句话说? in a word 简而言之,概括地说? word for word 逐词地;原原本本地 ? hold one's breath/catch one's breath 屏住呼吸? 【巧记提示】 hold (握住)+one's(某人的)+ breath(呼吸)? 【经典例句】 The race was so close that everyone was holding his breath at the finish.? 这是一场势均力敌的比赛,以至于到最后每个人都屏住了呼吸。? 【考点聚焦】 动词:breathe ? vi & vt. ? 呼吸? 如:He breathed a sign of relief. 他放心地松了一口气。 我的记忆卡 和 breath 有关的短语:? get one's breath(back/again)恢复正常呼吸 ? lose one's breath 喘不过气来;喘息 ? be out of breath 上气不接下气;喘不过气来

The most ancient festivals would celebrate the end of the cold weather,planting in spring and harvest in autumn.? 最古老的节日常用来庆祝严寒的结束、春天的耕种和秋天的收获。? 【剖析】 1)本句中,the end of the cold weather,planting in spring 和 harvest in autumn 均为名词性 短语,同作 celebrate 的宾语。? 2 ) would 用 在 此 处 表 示 过 去 的 习 惯 、 习 性 、 倾 向 等 , 意 思 是 “ 过 去 常 常 ……” , 常 与 often,frequently,sometimes,for hours 等连用,且动词常用终止性的。? 【拓展】 will(would 的现在时)可以表示现在或当前的习惯性、经常性、倾向性,常译成“惯于、 总是”。如:? He will sit for hours reading.? 他常常接连坐上几小时看书。? 2) used to 也表示“过去常常”, 但其隐含义为 “过去常常做某事,而现在已经不这么做了”。 They would starve if food was difficult to find.?如果很难找到食物,他们就会挨饿。? 【剖析】 they would starve 是主句,if food was difficult to find 是条件状语从句,find 与 food 存在 着逻辑上的动宾关系。? 【拓展】 此句型“sth.is adj.to do”中,不定式和主语之间存在着逻辑上的动宾关系,应使用及物动词 的主动形式,若是不及物动词则要加相应的介词。如:My boss is easy to get along with.我的上司很 容易相处。? 此类句型通常可以转换成 It +be+adj.? + 不定式短语的形式。如:It is easy to get along with my boss. The country is covered with cherry tree flowers so that it looks as though it might be covered with pink snow.? (节日里)整个国度到处是盛开的樱花,看上去就像是覆盖了一层粉红色的雪。? 【剖析】 1)The country is covered with cherry tree flowers 是由被动语态构成的主句,so that 在此句 中引导结果状语从句。? 2)as though/if 意为“好像;似乎”,置于连系动词 look 后,引导表语从句。as though 所引导的句意和

事实相反,所以用了虚拟语气,may 也要变成过去式 might。? 【拓展】 1)so that 也可以用来引导目的状语从句。但引导目的状语从句时一般含有情态动词,而 结果状语从句中则没有。另外,目的状语从句可以置于句首,而结果状语从句不可以置于句首。? 2)as though 引导的从句若表示很可能发生的事情或是真实的情况,则谓语动词用陈述语气;若从 句是表示与事实相反的情况或是不大可能发生的情况,则谓语动词用虚拟语气。其谓语形式是:若 与现在事实相反,用一般过去时态,be 动词用 were;若与过去事实相反,则用过去完成时。 She could be with her friends right now laughing at him. 她可能正与朋友在一起,嘲笑他呢。? Finding that Zhinu was heart-broken ,her mother decided to let the couple cross the Milky Way to meet once a year.? 看到织女伤心欲绝,王母娘娘决定让这对夫妻每年跨过银河相会一次。? 【剖析】 1)第一句中 laughing at him 是现在分词短语作伴随状语,第二句中“Finding that...”是现在 分词短语作原因状语。? 2)couple 意为“一对男女;夫妇”,作主语时,谓语动词多用单数,若强调个体,有时也视为复数。 ? 【拓展】 现在分词短语作状语时,应特别注意三点:? 1)分词的逻辑主语应该和主句的主语一致;? 2)分词表示的动作和谓语动词表示的动作或状态是同时发生的或者强调动作先后时,则分词通常 用一般式 doing;若分词表示的动作在主句的动作或状态之前,则分词常用完成式 having done;? 3)现在分词表示的是次要的动作,对谓语表示的动作或状态加以说明。常用来表示伴随情况、时 间和结果等。 It was obvious that the manager of the coffee shop was waiting for Li Fang to leave.显然,咖啡店的老板 正在等李芳离开。? 【剖析】 1)句中 it 为形式主语,真正的主语是 that 引导的主语从句。? 由 that 引导的主语从句通常用 it 作形式主语, 而将 that 从句置于句末, 在正式文体中 that 不能省略, 构成句型 It is/was + ? n./adj.? +that从句。? 2)wait for...to do...等待某人做某事;等待某事发生。? 【拓展】 如果以 that 从句为主语的句子是疑问句,那就只能用 it 作形式主语的句式。 “I don't want them to remind me of her.”So he did.? “我不想因它们想起她来。”于是他(把花和巧克力都扔了) 。? 【剖析】 1)So he did.等于 So he threw these flowers and chocolates away.? 2)remind sb.of...表示“使某人想起……,提醒某人……”。? 【拓展】 1)remind sb.that...提醒某人……;? 2)remind sb.to do 提醒某人做……;? 3)remind sb.of doing sth 使某人想起曾经做了什么事。

Unit1 名师导学精选练习
1. Please forgive/excuse me for using your telephone without asking for permission. I thought you wouldn't mind. 2. One of Tony's hobbies is collecting/gathering rare birds. 3. Universities may be forced to think again about/ of courses they provide due to the new employment situation. 4. He gained/earned experience while working for the newspaper. 5. Who do you think will win/gain the next election? 6. Missing this train means to wait/waiting for another hour.

7. The old man lives a lonely/alone life in that lonely/alone mountain village 8. This drawing is determined/meant to show the different shares each company takes up in the market. 9. Dieting (节食) also means to be/ being careful about which foods you buy. 10. Unless these people get food in the next two weeks they will starve to die/death. 11. What a great shame it is that we still have hunger in this land of plenty/ independence 12. Tom got very angry when the other boys played a role/ trick on him. 13. The boy had no other choice but to apologize/apologize the woman for/ to breaking the window 14. The day everyone had been looking forward to came/coming at last. 15. Traditionally, people make cakes in memory of/ in the shape of chicken, duck, tortoise, pig, cow or sheep with rice flour to celebrate the festivals. 16. I am sure something better will turn up/ down, but nobody believes me 17. No one dare to say/say that to his face 18. —Father, you promised! —Well, so I did. But it was you who didn’t keep/hold your word first. 19. --- Could I have a word with you, mum? --- Oh dear, if you must/may. 20. Wipe/Make your face. There's chocolate all around your mouth 21. He can hold/keep his breath under the water for five minutes 22. The children were having such a great fun/ so much fun. I hated to call them inside. 23. All the instructions are in large print to make them easy reading/to read. 24. --- Would you take this along to the office for me? ---With pleasure/Never mind 25 —Would you mind my coming over and having a drink with you? —Not at all. You’re most welcome./ Don’t say that please.

Unit 1 Festivals around the world 重、难点解析
1. The most ancient festivals would celebrate the end of the cold weather, planting in spring and harvest in autumn. (Reading) would 在此表示过去的习惯性动作,可译为“总会”。又如: Whenever I went to see him, he would treat me with some home-made cakes. 每次我去看他,他总是用自制的糕点招待我。 would 还有以下用法: (1) 表示意愿。 He wouldn’t let the doctor take his blood pressure. 他不愿意让医生量他的血压。 (2) 表示猜测。如:That would be in 1976, I think. 我想那大概是在 1976 年。 (3) 表示倾向。如: The window wouldn’t open. 窗子怎么也打不开。 2. The most energetic and important festivals are the ones that look forward to the end of winter and to the coming of spring.(Reading) look forward to 指热切地期盼着一件事或行动。此短语中的 to 是介词,所以后面的宾语应为名 词或动词的-ing 形式。如: We are looking forward to my uncle’s visit with great pleasure. 我们高兴地等着叔叔来作客。 We’re looking forward to seeing him again. 我们期望再见到他。 含有介词 to 的动词短语还有 lead to(导致,通向), be/get used to(习惯于), pay attention to(注 意), devote...to(致力于,献身于), prefer...to(喜欢…胜过…), get down to(开始认真干某事)等。 3. The country is covered with cherry tree flowers so that it looks as though it might be covered with pink snow.(Reading) as though 和 as if 意义相同,都表示“似乎”、“好像”之意。当说话人认为句子所述是不真实的或 极少有可能发生或存在的情况时,as though / if 从句要用虚拟语气。如: He talked as if he knew all about it. 他说起来好像了解一切。

It seemed as if the day would never end. 似乎白天永远也过不完。 I feel as though I were ten years younger. 我觉得我仿佛年轻了十岁。 She looks as if she had not slept last night. 她看起来好像昨晚没睡觉。 He talks about pyramids as though he had seen them himself. 他谈起金字塔来,就像亲眼见过似的。 当说话人认为所述的情况可能发生时,as though / if 从句可用陈述语气。如: It seems as if our team is going to win. 看来我们队要胜了。 It looks as if it is going to rain. 好像要下雨。

Unit1 Festivals around the world 课堂导学
基础巩固 一、词汇详解 1.Discuss when they take place,what they celebrate and one thing that people do at that time. 讨论它们是什么时间举行,庆祝的是什么事件,并说出人们在那天所做的一件事。 要点提示: take place 是不及物动词,无被动式,意思为“发生”,常指经过安排的事情。 典型例句: The interview is well planned and it is to take place on time.采访计划周密,会按时进行的。 相关链接: happen 发生,碰巧(指偶然性);chance 碰巧发生,偶然发生(同 happen),正式用语。例如: I happened to be here when you were in trouble. 当你有困难时我碰巧在那儿。 She chanced to be in the park when I was there. 我在公园时碰巧她在那儿。 2.They would starve if food was difficult to find,so they celebrated when they had food. 如果食物难以得到,他们会挨饿,因此,一旦有了食物,他们就开怀欢庆。 要点提示: starve 作动词时除了有“饿死,饥饿,使饥饿”的意思外,还有“渴望做某事”的意思。 典型例句: What’s for dinner? I’m starving to death! 晚饭吃什么?我饿死了! She failed again, starving for success. 她又失败了,渴望成功。 相关链接: starving adj.饥饿的;受饿的 the starving 饥民 starvation n.挨饿;饿死 starvation diet 极少量的食物 填空 The ______ (starve) people of this area were suffering from the terrible ______ (starve) and many people lost their lives. 答案: starving;starvation 3.Some festivals are held to honor the dead,or satisfy and please the ancestors,.... 有些节日是为了纪念死者、或者取悦祖先,使他们得到满足,…… 要点提示: satisfy 动词,在本句中意思有“满足,使满意”之意。另有“符合”之意。:satisfy a definition 符合定义。 My brother felt that nothing he did could satisfy his boss.我弟弟感到他所做的事情没有一件令老板满 意。 相关链接: 其形容词 satisfying 相当于 satisfactory 令人满意的,多用来修饰物体;satisfied ? adj. 感 到满意的,多用来修饰人。 常用短语:be satisfied with 对……感到满意或满足;be satisfied to do 对做……感到满意或满足。 完成句子 (1)This kind of job ___ ___ ____ ___ (我不满意),so I left the company and went out to find a suitable job. (2)Every one of the team ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ (不满意我们受到的待遇) at that party on Miss Smith’s

eighteenth birthday. (3)The story you told had an attractive beginning and a ______ (令人满意的)end. 答案: (1)does not satisfy me (2)wasn’t satisfied with our treatment 3)satisfying 4.The festival of Halloween had its origin as an event in memory of the dead. 万圣节起源于纪念亡者的祭事活动。 要点提示: in memory of 意思为“纪念”,在本单元中还出现另一词组 to the memory of,它们意义和用法相同。 典型例句: We sang the song in memory of the dead. 我们唱歌以纪念故去的人们。 思维拓展: have a good/bad memory for 擅长/不擅长记…… within sb.’s memory 就某人记忆力所及 memorize v.记住(某事物) 完成句子 (1)Grandmother ______ ______ ______ ______ (祖母的记忆力很好);she can remember things which happened many years ago. (2)This has been the hottest summer ______ ______ ______ (就我所记得的)during my seventy years in the world. (3)I wrote a long poem ______ ______ ______ (纪念)Robert,who used to be my old friend as well as a good teacher. 答案:(1)has a good memory (2)within my memory (3)in memory of 5.Festivals can be held as an honor to famous people or to the gods. 有些节日是纪念名人或者神的。 要点提示: honor 在此句中表示“尊敬,敬意”,另外,还可以表示“光荣”。 典型例句: We show our honor to the police. 我们向警察表示敬意。 Ladies and gentlemen,it is my honor to have been here. 女士们,先生们,亲邻此地,甚感荣幸。 相关链接: honor 也可以作及物动词用,意为“尊敬、纪念”。如: Today we’ll meet an honored guest. 今天我们将会见一位贵宾。 欣赏句子 (1)There is honor among thieves. (2)Ladies and gentlemen, it is my honor to have been here to give a speech. (3)I have cooked a special meal in honor of our visitors of exalted rank. 6.In India there is a national festival on October 2 to honor Mahatma Gandhi, the leader who helped gain India’s independence from Britain. 在印度,10 月 2 日是纪念甘地的全国性节日,他是帮助印度脱离英国而独立的领袖。 要点提示: gain 是动词,意为“取得、获得”。后面常跟独立、成绩、成就等词作宾语。 典型例句: You’ll gain useful experience in working with computer. 在用计算机工作中你会取得有用的经验。 I gain a lot from the activity.我从活动中受益。 相关链接: gain 另有名词用法,意为“利润、利益、收益”等。谚语:No pains, no gains.不劳无获。 The company cares only about short term gain. 公司只关注短期利益。 格言欣赏 Learning more and gaining more is the light that leads into everything lovely. 7.Some people might win awards for their animals, flowers, fruit and vegetables. 有些人可能因为他们的动物、花果和蔬菜而获奖。 要点提示: award 在此处的意思是“奖品”,作名词用。award 用作动词时,意思为“给予、颁发、判决、裁定”,

常用作 award sth.(to sb.)和 award sb. sth.(for sth.)以及 be awarded sth.(for sth.)结构。 典型例句: Father often shows us the athletics awards he has won. 父亲经常给我们看他所获得的体育运动奖。 The award of a scholarship from our institute was on TV yesterday. 我们学院的奖学金颁发决定昨天在电视上播放了。阅读 阅读下面的笑话,了解 Tom 怎么得的奖。 Tom:Dad,my teacher awarded me a book for my answering his question. Dad:Congratulations! What is the question and your answer? Tom:OK.How many legs does a hawk have?I said three. Dad:My silly boy,a hawk has two legs. Tom:But the others all said four. 8.The most energetic and important festivals are the ones that look forward to the end of winter and to the coming of spring. 最富生机而又重要的节日就是告别冬天、盼望春天的日子。 ?? 要点提示: 短语 look forward to 中的 to 为介词,后面跟 doing 或者名词作宾语。 典型例句: Mother says she’s looking forward to meeting you. 妈妈说她正期盼着与你见面。 相关链接: 要注意本短语的另外意思,即故意将短语分割,形式相同而意义却相差甚远。如: I look forward to look at the advertisement for selling houses on the wall. 我向前看去看墙上的卖房子的广告。此句中,to 为不定式。 英译汉 (1)We look forward to receiving your reply when you study in Japan. ___________________________________________________________________ (2)All the people in the company look forward to other good news from you. ___________________________________________________________________ 答案: (1)当你在日本学习时,我们盼望着你的回信。 (2)公司里所有的人都希望从你那儿得到其他好消息。




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