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4 江苏省无锡市辅仁高中2012届高三第一次模拟 英语


江苏省无锡市辅仁高级中学 2012 届高三第一次模拟考试

英 语 试 题
第一卷(共三部分
满分 85 分)

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 20 分) 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂 到答题卡上。 第一节 (共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 听下面 5 段

对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选 项,并标在试卷的相应位置,听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 的阅读下一小题,每段对话仅读一遍。 1、Where does this conversation take place? A.In a hospital B.In a friend’s house C . In the man’s house 2、Why is Tony crying? A.He can’t get up . B.He lost his pet bird . C.He lost this favourite toy . 3、What do we know about the man? A.He is too busy to go there . B.He plans to go there very soon . C.He wants to go somewhere else . 4、Who is the man? A.A boss B.A doctor C.An employee 5、How many American soldiers have been killed in wars during that period? A.320,000 B.400,000 C.200,000 第二节 (共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白,每段对话和独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A B C 三个选项中选 出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置, 听每段对话和独白前, 你将有时间阅读各个小题, 每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话和独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6--8 题。 6、What are the two speakers talking about? A.Using the left hand . B.Operating machines . C.Designing machines . 7、What is the possible relationship between the two speakers? A.Master and servant . B.Boss and secretary .
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C.Fellow workers . 8、What can we learn from the conversation? A.Left-handers can’t run the machines . B.The woman only uses her right hand . C.The woman is more skillful than the man . 听第七段材料,回答第 9--11 题。 9、Why doesn’t the woman buy tickets for the seats in the middle? A.They are not next to each other . B.They are too expensive . C.They are sold out . 10、How much is each ticket? A.$13 . B.$30 . 11、What day are the tickets for? A.Friday . B.Saturday . 听第 8 段材料,回答第 12--14 题。 12、What did the woman do last weekend? A.She went to the beach . B.She visited her parents . C.She had a trip to the countryside . 13、Why did the woman come home so soon? A.She was tired . B.She caught a cold . C.She had school work to do . 14、What was the weather like at the weekend? A.Cloudy . B.Sunny . 听第 9 段材料,回答第 15--17 题。 15、What is the man’s problem? A.His passport is missing . B.He can’t find his traveller’s checks . C.He has lost his credit card . 16、Where does this conversation most likely take place? A.At the boss’s office . B.At the Lost and Found . C.At the police station n . 17、What can we know about the man from the conversation? A.He is too careless . B.He likes shopping . C.He is travelling abroad. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 18--20 题。 18、How long does the man often sleep at night? A.3 hours . B.5 hours . 19、What is the main cause of the man’s feeling bad?
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C.$6.5 . C.Sunday .

C.Rainy .

C.7 hours .

A.Too little exercise . B.Much worry about work . C.Strong desire for a better job . 20、What does the woman give to the man? A.A new job . B.Medicine for sleep . C.Some advice . 第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节:单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21.—Do I need to give a tip if I eat at a fast food restaurant in the United States? —Yes, it’s a common ______ to tip waiter in a restaurant. A.sense B.custom C.method D.practice 22.It is almost five years_________we saw each other last time. A.before B.since C.after D.when 23.— _______ you got to know my telephone number? — Through a friend of yours. A.How was it B.How was it that C.Was it how that D.How did 24.Eating properly and exercising _______ make one enjoy a longer and healthier life. A.normally B.generally C.regularly D.directly 25.In addition to his traditional medical treatment, he tried to put himself in situations______ would bring about positive emotions. A.which B.where C.why D.as 26.—Excuse me, would you lower your voice or use your mobile phone outside? —Oh, sorry.I_______ A.didn’t realize B.don’t realize C.haven’t realized D.hadn’t realize 27.The number of people invited ______ fifty, but a number of them ______absent for different reasons A.were;was B.was;was C.was;were D.were;were 28.He met a lot of his friends at the party, ______devoted to rural education like him. A.many of them B.many of who C.many of whom D.many of which 29.______, but he couldn’t understand the logical connection of the two subjects. A.Having told many times B.Having been told many times C.He had been told many times D.Many times as he was told 30.Recently a debate about ______is real beauty has been raised.People are pushed to think some questions like ______ is better,artificial beauty or natural one. A.what; which B.who; which C.whatever; who D.where; which 31.—Sorry indeed.I______ to your birthday party if … —Forget it.I know you were out on business. A.must come B.would come C.must have come D.would have come 32.—Could I use your dictionary? —Yes, ______.
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A.you could B.by all means C.you’ve got it D.I’m using it myself 33.Although the machine is _______, you need to use it correctly and safely. A.in peace B.in good use C.in great need D.in good condition 34.On the top of the hill ______. A.does a temple stand B.a temple stands there C.stands a temple D.a temple stands 35. Many activities in the shop, _______ many different types of interest, are planned _______ its out-of-date goods. A.adjusting to; to deposit B.catering to; to promote C.applying to; to take to D.appealing to; to claim 第二节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 36~55 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 或 D)中, 选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Butterfly’s wings One day a small opening appeared on a cocoon(茧), a man sat and watched for the butterfly for several hours as it was struggling to 36 its body through that little hole.Then it seemed to stop making any progress. appeared as if it had gotten 37 it could and it could go It no further.So the man decided to 38 the butterfly: he took a pair of scissors and 39 the remaining part of the cocoon.The butterfly then 40 easily. But it has a swollen(肿胀的) body and 41 wings.The man continued to 42 the butterfly because he expected that, at any moment, the 43 would enlarge and expand to be able to support the body, which would 44 in time.Neither happened! 45, the butterfly spent the rest of its life 46 around with a swollen body and small, shriveled(褶皱的) wings. 47 was able to fly. It What the man did in his 48 and haste (匆忙) no good to the did butterfly.He didn’t know the 49 cocoon and the struggle 50 for the butterfly to get through the tiny 51 were the natural way of forcing fluid from the body of the butterfly into its wings 52 it would be ready for flight once it achieved its 53 from the cocoon. Sometimes the 54 is exactly what we need in our life.If we are allowed to go through our life without any 55 , it would not be a good thing to us. would not be as strong as what we We could have been. 36 A.build B.force C.form D.destroy 37 A.as far as B.as long as C.as soon as D. quick as as 38 A.seize B.leave C.bring D.help 39 A.took off B.made up C.cut off D.picked up 40 A.spread over B.came out C.stayed in D.flew away 41 A.hard B.strong C.small D.large 42 A.watch B.look for C.look after D.follow 43 A.butterfly B.wings C.cocoon D.scissors 44 A.disappear B.enlarge C.lose D.contract 45 A.Luckily B.Probably C.In all D.In fact 46 A.crawling B.approaching C.running D. wandering 47 A.ever B.seldom C.always D.never
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48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55

A.fear D.confidence A.restricting A.prepared A.place A.even if A.life A.courage A.fun D.achievement

B.kindness B.loose B.wanted B.room B.otherwise B.success B.struggle B.friends

C.evil C.soft C.allowed C.opening C.when C.progress C.wisdom C.obstacles D.little D.required D.space D.so that D.freedom D.strength

第三部分:阅读理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 或 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 A According to the dictionary definition of“create, ordinary people are creative every day”.To create means“to bring into being, to cause to exist something each of us does daily”. We are creative whenever we look at or think about something in a new way.First, this includes an awareness of our surroundings.It means using all of our senses to become aware of our world.This may be as simple as being aware of color and texture(质地),as well as taste, when we plan a meal.Above all, it is the ability to notice things that others might miss. A second part of creativity is an ability to see relationships among things.If we believe the expression, “There is nothing new under the sun, the creativity is remaking or recombining(重 组) the old in new ways.”For example, we might do this by finding a more effective way to study or a better way to arrange our furniture, or we might make a new combination of camera lenses and filters to create an unusual photograph. A third part of creativity is the courage and drive to make use of our new ideas, to ask for them to achieve some new results.To think up a new idea is one thing; to put the idea to work is another. These three parts of creativity are included in all the great works of geniuses, but they are also included in many of our day-to-day activities. 56.“There is nothing new under the sun” really implies that _________. A.a new thing can only be created at the basis of earliest things B.a new thing is only a tale C.we can seldom create new things D.we can hardly see really new things in the world 57.What does the author think about the relationship between a new thought and its being put into practice? A.It’s more difficult to create a new thought than to use it in practice. B.To find a new thought will clearly lead to the production of a new thing. C.A man with an excellent ability of practice can easily become an inventor. D.One may come up with a new thought, but can not put it into practice. 58.The best title for this passage is__________. A.How to Develop One’s Creativity B.What Is Creativity
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C.The Importance of Creativity <B>

D.Creativity, a Not Faraway Thing

You are here: Experts > Science > Science/Nature for Kids > Science for Kids > Life Science for teens<> Expert: Science Adviser - <>3/21/2011 QUESTION: Dear Marie, Do you have some good suggestions of biology: plant, animal, human science experiments that would work well with teenagers? Scientific methods must go with the experiments.Thanks! Donna ANSWER: Dear Donna, Marie is not online and I’ll help you instead of him.There are a lot of little things that can be done, but do you mean lab experiment or statistical analysis, etc.? Let us know what can be suitable for you teens, and we will do our best to send you some experiments to do. Best, Gloria Expert: Science Adviser - 3/23/2011 QUESTION: Dear Gloria, I need lab experiments.The teenage students and I will use data from these experiments to make charts, graphs, tables, etc.and to provide claims and evidence to explain more about the results.Thank you very much. Donna ANSWER: Hi there, Your best and easiest way is to do some chemistry experiments.Those are very easy and most probably you can do it in the lab and have charts, etc.for you.I do not have any particular one at the top of my head because I do cancer research and it is a bit more difficult than research for teenagers.I think you can look through these and see if you find something useful for you.http://www.siraze.net/chemistry/sezennur/experiments.htm If not, get back to me and Marie, and we’ll look more.The good thing about this site is that it has the procedures that you can follow. Good luck, Gloria 59.How many Science Advisers are there working for this website? A.Only one. B.At least two. C.About three. D.Over five. 60.According to Donna, she and the teenage students need ___________. A.experiments in the lab B.statistical analysis C.chemistry experiments D.charts and evidence 61.Who is this text for? A.Teenagers. B.Teachers. C.Parents. D.Experts. 62.According to Gloria, Donna and the teenage students should __________. A.turn to others for help B.do cancer researches C.look through a website D.tell who will be helped <C>
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Professor Reason recently persuaded 35 people to keep a diary of all their absent-minded actions for two weeks.When he came to analyze their embarrassing errors, he was surprised to find that nearly all of them fell into a few groups. One of the women, for instance, on leaving her house for work one morning threw her pet dog her earrings and tried to fix a dog biscuit on her ear.“The explanation for this is that the brain is like a computer,” explains the professor.“People programme themselves to do certain activities regularly. It was the woman’s custom every morning to throw her dog two biscuits and ” then put on her earrings.“But somehow the action got reversed(颠倒)in the programme.” About one in twenty of the incidents the volunteers reported were these “programme assembly failures.” Twenty percent of all errors were “test failures” — mainly due to not verifying the progress of what the body was doing.A man about to get his car out of the garage passed through the back yard where his garden jacket and boots were kept, put them on — much to his surprise.A woman reported, “I got into the bath with my socks on.” The commonest problem was information “storage failures”.People forgot the names of people whose faces they knew, went into a room and forgot why they were there, mislaid something, or smoked a cigarette without realizing it. The research so far suggests that while the central processor of the brain is liberated from second-to-second control of a well-practiced routine, it must repeatedly switch back its attention at important decision points to check that the action goes on as intended.Otherwise the activity may be gotten by another frequently and recently used programme, resulting in embarrassing errors. 63.The purpose of the professor’s research is to __________. A.show the difference between men and women B.sort and explain some errors in human actions C.find the causes which lead to computer failures D.compare computer functions with brain working 64.Which of the following might be grouped under “programme assembly failures”? A.A woman went to a shop and forgot what to buy. B.A man returning home after work left his key in the lock. C.A lady fell as she was paying attention to each step her feet were taking. D.An old man, with his shoes on, was trying to put on his socks. 65.The underlined word “verifying” (in paragraph 3) can be replaced by “_______”. A.improving B.changing C.checking D.stopping 66.According to the passage, the information “storage failure” refers to “_______”. A.information collecting system being destroyed B.one’s total memory being removed C.the loss of part of one’s memory for a time D.the separation of one’s action from words <D> I made a pledge (发誓) to myself on the way down to the vacation beach cottage. two For weeks I would try to be a loving husband and father.Totally loving.No ifs, ands or buts. The idea had come to me as I listened to a talk on my car radio.The speaker was quoting a
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Biblical (圣经) passage about husbands being thoughtful of their wives. Then he went on to say, “Love is an act of will.A person can choose to love.” To myself, I had to admit that I had been a selfish husband.Well, for two weeks that would change. And it did.Right from the moment I kissed Evelyn at the door and said, “That new yellow sweater looks great on you.” “Oh, Tom, you noticed,” she said, surprised and pleased.Maybe a little puzzled. After the long drive, I wanted to sit and read. Evelyn suggested a walk on the beach.started I to refuse, but then I thought, “Evelyn’s been alone here with the kids all week and now she wants to be alone with me.” We walked on the beach while the children flew their kites. So it went.Two weeks of not calling the Wall Street firm where I am a director; a visit to the shell museum though I usually hate museums.Relaxed and happy, that’s how the whole vacation passed.I made a new pledge to keep on remembering to choose love. There was one thing that went wrong with my experiment, however.Evelyn and I still laugh about it today.On the last night at our cottage, preparing for bed, Evelyn stared at me with saddest expression. “What’s the matter?” I asked her. “Tom,” she said in a voice filled with distress, “do you know something I don’t?” “What do you mean?” “Well… that checkup I had several weeks ago… our doctor… did he tell you something about me? Tom, you’ve been so good to me… am I dying?” It took a moment for it all to sink in.Then I burst out laughing. “No, honey,” I said, wrapping her in my arms.“You’re not dying; I’m just starting to live.” 67.In the first paragraph, “No ifs, ands or buts” probably mean ________. A.unnecessarily B.unconditionally C.impossibly D.unintentionally 68.From the story we may infer that Tom drove to the beach cottage ________. A.alone B.with his family C.with Evelyn D . with his children 69.During the two weeks on the beach, Tom showed more love to his wife because ________. A.she looked lovely in her new clothes B.she was seriously ill C.he was determined to be a good husband D.he had made a lot of money in Wall Street 70.By saying “I’m just starting to live,” Tom means that ________. A.he is beginning to feel regret for what he did to his wife before B.he lived an unhappy life before and is now starting to change C.he is just beginning to understand the real meaning of life D.he is just beginning to enjoy life as a loving husband

第二卷(共二部分

满分 35 分)

第四部分:任务型阅读(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。 注意:每个空格只填 1 个单词。
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Do we need an “Ivy League(常春藤联盟)”? China may soon have its own “Ivy League”, with a union of top universities. The term originally referred to an athletic conference of eight top universities in the northeastern US.The Chinese version, which was officially started in mid-October, consists of nine famous universities, including Peking, Tsinghua, Zhejiang and Fudan. The union is supposed to result in student exchange programs, recognition of academic achievements, and other joint programs. The news of this Chinese “Ivy League” has received mixed responses from the public and press.Some negative critics have dismissed it as yet another example of the wishful copying of international practices without fully understanding them.Others say that the “Ivy League” is not necessary but that the union is a good idea, one that could promote academic development. So what’s your opinion on a Chinese “Ivy League”? Do we need one? Yes.Ivy League or not, nine of China’s best universities cooperating is a good thing. These universities combining resources could create a better environment for students and for research.It could also save a lot of time and resources because it would mean fewer unnecessary investments for some of the universities. Allowing students to move to or have exchanges with other universities could broaden their horizons, improve their social skills and create more employment opportunities. results could The be more important than lessons and achievements. The term “Ivy League” carries a sense of academic excellence, tradition and reputation.If borrowing such a term could encourage students’ and professors’ mental state and improve Chinese higher education, then there’s no reason not to do it. No.Universities should do some work on increasing cooperation instead of copying an “Ivy League” model. Many Chinese universities already have such cooperation with each other . If this cooperation were associated with the “Ivy League”, it would just distract (分散) attention and resources and have a negative effect. These Chinese universities are all state-run and most get their funding from the government.They’re quite similar to each other in many ways and more cooperation wouldn’t bring about as much potential ability as between , say, public and private, or Chinese and foreign universities. China should find its own way to develop world-class universities instead of by copying some foreign practices.We have our own unique conditions and foreign lessons often don’t apply well here.

Do we need an “Ivy League”?

Ivy in America USAAmerica Originally referred to an athletic conference of eight famous universities in the 71 of America.
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Ivy in China

Formation

Purposes union

of

the

73 public

from

the

第五部分:书面表达(满分 25 分) 假定你是李华, 看到班上有部分同学在完成作业时, 不自己独立完成而是抄袭他人的作 业, 针对这种现象, 请你以 My opinion on copying others’ homework 为题谈谈你自己的看法。 作业量大,偏难 主要原因 对功课不感兴趣,懒惰 完成任务,取悦老师 抄袭不对,违反校规 危害及解决办法 个人看法 要诚实,勤奋学习 有困难可请教同学或老师 ……

注意:1、短文必须包括所有内容要点,可适当发挥; 2、短文标题与开头已为你写好,不计入总词数: 3、词数: 150 字左右。 My opinion on copying others’ homework It is known to us all that some students copy others’ homework._______ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________

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____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________

参考答案

第三部分:阅读理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 56---58:ADB 59---62 BAAC 63---66 BDCC 67---70 BACD 第四部分:任务型阅读(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 71.northeast 72.recognize 73.Responses 74.Negative 75.combination 76.less 77.mentally/spiritually 78.resources 79.similarities 80.copying 第五部分:书面表达(满分 25 分) My opinion on copying others’ homework It is known to us all that some students copy others' homework.On one hand, we students have to do a large amount of homework both at home and at school.It is also true that sometimes we have some problems which are too difficult for us to work out. the other hand, On
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lazy and uninterested in their lessons, some students copy others’ homework both to finish the assignments and please their teachers. In a word, copying others’ homework is a bad habit.For one thing, it’s against the rules of the school. should be honest and work hard to achieve high grades. we have difficulties, we We If can turn to our teachers and our classmates for help.For another, copying others’ homework too often, we will lose the ability that can help us to think. As far as I’m concerned, it’s for our own sake to study.We should do our best to gain knowledge.Let’s do our bit to prevent such bad behavior from spreading.

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