I Lead in
What is Xiao Dong’s problem?
He’s not good at communicating with people. He finds it hard to make friends with his cl
II Brainstorming Your advice for Xiao Dong
To ask people their likes and dislikes To join in discussions To share his feelings with others
To show interest in others’ ideas
Step Part I What should be written Presenting the problem
Part II Proposing the solution Part III Conclusion
Dear Xiaodong, I’m sorry you are having trouble in making friends. However, the situation is easy to change if you take my advice. Here are some tips to help you: First, why not…? If you do this,… Secondly, you should/can… Then/ That way,… Thirdly, it would be a good idea if… By doing this, … I hope you will find these ideas useful. Yours, Miss Wang
Introduction I am sorry that you are having trouble /difficulties/ problems in making friends. I know you are now having trouble communicating with others, and you may feel lonely. I ‘m glad to receive your letter asking for my advice
However, the situation is easy to change if you take my advice. Here are some tips/suggestions to help you. I think you can make it if you follow the advice below.
Body – Firstly, why not…? If you do this… Secondly, you should /can … Then/ That way, … Thirdly, it would be a good idea if … By doing this, … Last but not least, …
Conclusion --I hope you will find these ideas useful. As time goes on, people will know you better and will like to make friends with you if you can follow the above. I hope what ‘s mentioned above might be helpful. I believe if you follow my advice, you ‘ll get along well with your classmates. I believe, with your determination, you can manage to overcome these difficulties.
Dear Xiao Dong, I am sorry you are having trouble in marketing friends. However, the situation is easy to change if you take my advice. Here are some tips to help you. Firstly, why not take an active part in discussions? If you do this, you can express your own opinions, and at the same time, learn to listen to ther people’s views. Secondly, you should learn about your classmates’ likes and dislikes. Then you can find common interests with them. In this way, you can get to know more different people and show them that you are friendly. Last but not least, I ‘m always here ready to help. We can take part in some activities together and I can introduce you to others. I hope you will find these ideas useful. Yours sincerely Miss Wang
First, why not go and talk to people standing on their own? I agree that this is difficult but that person may be lonely too. If you do this I am sure you will soon have a new friend. Secondly, you can begin the conversation by asking about about their likes and dislikes. That way you will soon find people with the same interests. I think that is a good way to find new friends. Thirdly, it would be a good idea if you try to join in a discussion. You may not feel that this is right, but by doing this you are letting people know how friendly you are. So there should be no problem. It should certainly provide you with some new friends.
Can you imagine some cases where we persuade others or get persuaded?
The Layers of Persuasion（劝说的层次）
Attitude Reason/goal thesis(论点) argument（论据）
The Flow of Persuasion（劝说的流程）
Why you need a Babaka?
Argument: Argument: Argument:
You do need this
假设你是某大学天文系的一名学生，请你写 一封建议信，劝说哥白尼发表他的理论。你可以 从以下几点阐明理由： (1) 现存理论存在的问题； (2) 哥白尼为证实自己的新理论多年来所做的努 力； (3) 科学的发展需要新理论的提出。 请注意书写工整，标点正确，层次分明，表 达清晰。
我非常想阅读你的关于太阳系的新理论。我希望 你能发表它。 I would very much like to read your new theory about the solar system. I hope you will publish it.
我明白现在的理论所存在的问题。 I understand the problems with the present theory.
如果地球是宇宙的中心，那么行星的运行方式不 是你所预料的那样。 提示：The way…. is not what…if… The way the planets move is not what you expected if the earth was the centre of the universe.
我了解你的观察已经认真地进行了多年。 I know your observations have been very carefully carried out over many years.
我理解你担心自己的理论发表后会发生什么事。 I know you worry about what will happen if you publish your new theory.
No matter how people are against it, time
will prove whether your ideas are right or wrong.
因此我希望你能认真地思考我的建议。 So I hope you will take my advice into consideration seriously.
The 1st Paragraph－Intro & Attitude
? I am a college student majoring in Astronomy. I’m writing to you with the hope that you can publish your theory. The reasons are as follows:
The 2nd Paragraph－Present Argument
To start with, I understand the problems with the present theory. The way the planets move is not what you would expect if the earth was the centre of the universe. So I agree with you that we need a new theory.
The 3rd Paragraph－Present Augument
? In addition, I know your observations have been very carefully carried out over many years. Now you must have the courage to publish them. Science can never advance unless people have the courage of their beliefs. Last but not least, I know you worry about what will happen if you publish your new theory. But however people oppose it, time will show if your ideas are right or wrong.
The 4th Paragraph－Closing
? So I hope you can take my advice into consideration seriously.
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