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英语任务型阅读常用词汇及词组转换


任务型阅读常用词汇及词组转换
归纳类常用词汇:
原因和结果:reason (for) , result; cause (of) , effect; consequence

异同点与优缺点:difference , similarity; advantage/benefit , disadvantage 功能:function 观点与态度:

opinion , view (on/about) , viewpoint , idea ;attitude to/towards 评论、评价:comment (on) , remark (on/upon) , assessment 表方式、方法:means , way , method (of) ; take measures to do sth. 目的:purpose , aim , goal 建议: advice [u] , suggestion , tip 特点: feature , characteristic 精神上与身体上:mentally ,physically 情形 ,状况 : situation,condition 积极和消极:positive ,negative; optimistic 概括、总结: summary , conclusion 种类:kind , type , category , class 影响 : influence , impact , effect (on ) 建立:build , create , establish , found 实现,完成:reach , realize , accomplish 方面,项目条款:item / aspect 知识消息:knowledge / information 百分比:percentage 年龄 : age 忧虑,担忧,焦急 : concern 个人,个人的: individual 文化 : culture 贡献 : (make) contributions to solution , approach ( to doing sth. );

出现:appear ,occur(red) 必要,必需 : must /necessity 材料 : materials 日程计划 : schedule / agenda 性别 :sex 满意 :satisfaction (不)熟悉 :familiar /unfamiliar 细节 :description , detail 责任 : (take) responsibility 重要 : value importance significance

比较 : contrast comparison 存在 : existence exist 人口 : 位置 : population location

时期 : period / time 花费 : cost / expense 天气与气候 : weather[u] / climate [c] 主题 : theme 情节 : plot 结尾 :ending

背景 : setting,background 高潮 : climax 反对者与支持者:supporter , opponent

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转换类常用句型:
1.100 years = 1 century = 10 decades 2. take advantage of = make use of 3. parental attention = with the help / aid / assistance of parents 4. oppose the move = be against the move = object to = disagree with 5. consider … = take … into consideration / account 6. at the beginning = at first 7. be responsible for = take / shoulder / bear responsibility for 8. since the beginning of human evolution = throughout human history 9. Americans have been migrating south and west for decades in search of better job opportunities. = Americans have been migrating south and west for decades, seeking a better job. / searching /looking for a better job. / connected with

10. housing-related reasons = reasons related / linked/relevant to housing 11. take an active part in = take part in sth. actively

12. encourage participation in quiet activities = encourage children to participate in / take part in/ play a role in quite activities 13. be hooked on headphones = be addicted to headphones 14.valuable information = information of great value 15.understand clearly = have a clear understanding of sth. 16.affect = have an effect / influence / impact on sth. 17.matter = count = be very important = be of importance = make sense = make a difference 18. kills sb. = sth. costs sb. sth. = claim one’s life 19. make an apology = apologize to sb. 20.be over = end = put …to an end 21.despite = in spite of 22. share less than 2% = account for less than 2%= make up 23.online = on the Internet 24.learn good citizenship = learn to be good citizens 25.list the things that you are good at = list what / all you are good at

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26.explain sth. = make an explanation 27.offer sth. to sb. = provide / supply sth. for sb. 28.besides = on top of = in addition to = apart from 29. be better than = be superior to 30. approve of = subscribe to = be in favor / support of = favor sth. 31.have access to = be acceptable / accessible / available to 32.stop = quit = give up 33.compensate for = make up for 34.in part = partly 35.every year = yearly = annually 36.use up = run out of (主动) 37.run out = give out = be used up (被动) 38.be accused of = be charged with 39.most of the people = the majority of the people 40.cater to /for one’s needs / demands /requirements = satisfy / meet one’s …. 41.starve to death = die of hunger/ starvation 42.be tired out = be worn out = be exhausted = be weary 43.socially responsible = social responsibility 44.sth. benefit sb. = be beneficial to sb. = be of benefit to = sb. benefit from sth . 45.commit oneself to doing sth. = promise to do sth. 46.make full use of = make the most of 47.lead to = contribute to =be caused by…= result in . .

48. Something can’t be avoided =Something is inevitable

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