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2016年黑龙江单招英语模拟试题:科普知识类阅读


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2016 年黑龙江单招英语模拟试题:科普知识类阅读
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1:阅读下面短文,简要回答问题。 Baloneyis a kind of sausage that many Americans

eat often. The word also has another meaning in English. It is used to describe something—usually something someone says—that is false or wrong or foolish. Baloney sausage comes from the name of the Italian city, Bologna. The city is famous for its sausage, a mixture of smoked, spiced meat from cows and pigs. But, boloney sausage does not taste the same as beef or pork alone. Some language experts think this different taste is responsible for the birth of the expression baloney. Baloney is an idea or statement that is nothing like the truth...in the same way that baloney sausage tastes nothing like the meat that is used to make it. Baloney is a word often used by politicians to describe the ideas of their opponents. The expression has been used for years. Fifty years ago, a former governor of New York State, Alfred Smith, criticized some claims by President Franklin Roosevelt about the successes of the Roosevelt administration. Smith said, “No matter how thin you slice it, it is still baloney.” A similar word has almost the same meaning as baloney. It even sounds almost the same. The word is blarney. It began in Ireland about 1600. The lord of Blarney castle, near Cork, agreed to surrender the castle to British troops. But he kept making excuses for postponing the surrender. And, he made them sound like very good excuses, “this is just more of the same blarney.” The Irish castle now is famous for its Blarney stone. Kissing the stone is thought to give a person special powers of speech. One who has kissed the Blarney stone, so the story goes, can speak words of praise so smoothly and sweetly that you believe them, even when you know they are false. 73.【小题 1】Find in the passage a word closest in meaning to the underlined word “ baloney”. 74.【小题 2】According to Americans, what does baloney refer to? (回答词数不超过 8 个) 75.【小题 3】What do you know about the lord of Blarney castle, near Cork? (回答词数不超过 6 个)

2:阅读短文,根据所读内容, 在下表中的空格处填上适当的单词或短语, 每空不超过 3 个单词。 Cloning has caused much debate..On the one hand , some scientists think valuable tissues and organs can be used to save human lives .On the other hand , some fear that mankind may produce a monster . Carter: I believe that human cloning is totally immoral . If we interfere with nature, we will have to deal with the consequences .Who knows what could happen? We could produce a monster .Human life would no longer be unique .Human race is using up Earth’s resources . Surely we should be having fewer babies in order to reduce Earth’s population , not cloning more .I feel sorry for ladies who cannot have babies ,but there are many children with no parents ,who would be delighted to have new parents . Ladies who cannot have babies can adopt children with no parents Jake :I think cloning is fantastic. It is a great scientific advance. After all ,scientists have been challenging questions of morality for centuries .On a personal note ,cloning will change my life .My daughter died of heart failure 7 years ago .I miss her very much and hope to clone a new daughter to be with me .That would be nice. .

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Cloning has【小题 1】__________ much debate 【小题 2】________ sides

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Some scientists think valuable tissues and organs can be used to 【小题 3】 ______ the body parts of people who have deadly disease. I believe that human cloning is 【小题 4】____________ immoral If we 【小题 5】________ with nature ,we may have to deal with 【小题 6】____________. Human is 【小题 7】_____________Earth’s resources. Ladies who cannot have babies can 【小题 8】____________ children with no parents 【小题 9】_______ sides

3:Do’s and Don’ts in Whale(鲸) Watching The Department of Fisheries and Oceans has developed guidelines for whale watching in Johnstone Strait, where killer whales are found on a daily basis each summer。It is strongly recommended that vessel(船只) operators follow these guidelines for all kinds of whales。 Approach whales from the side, not from the front or the back。 Approach no closer than 100 meters, then stop the boat but keep the engine on。 Keep noise levels down—no horns, whistles or racing of engines。 Start your boat only after the whales are more than 100 meters from your vessel。 Leave the area slowly, gradually moving faster when you are more than 300 meters from the whales。 Approach and leave slowly, avoiding sudden changes in speed or direction。 Avoid disturbing groups of resting whales。 Keep at low speeds and remain in the same direction if travelling side by side with whales。 When whales are travelling close to shore, avoid crowding them near the shore or coming between the whales and the shore。 Limit the time spent with any group of whales to less than 30 minutes at a time when within 100 to 200 meters of whales。 If there is more than one vessel at the same observation spot, be sure to avoid any boat position that would result in surrounding the whales。 Work together by communicating with other vessels, and make sure that all operators are aware of the whale watching guidelines。 【小题 1】 For whom is this text written? 【小题 2】 When leaving the observation areas, the vessel should _____。 【小 题 3】When going side by side with whales, the vessel should 。 【小题 4】What is the shortest safe distance from the whales? A、Tour guides。 B、Whale watchers。 C、Vessel operators。 D、Government officials。 A、move close to the beach B、increase speed gradually

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4:阅读下面短文,并按照题目要求用英语回答问题(请注意问题后的词数要求) 。 1]Stamp collectors usually collect stamps only from certain countries or regions. The traditional method of stamp collecting is to organize stamp collection according to the issue dates. [2]Of course, there are many ____________. You can collect stamps relating to a particular theme. For example, sport lovers may choose the Olympic theme. They try their best to find Olympic stamps issued by various parts of the world every four years. Some of them may want to concentrate on even more specific sport activities like ball games, gymnasium, swimming, etc. [3]If you like astronomy, you may be keen on collecting stamps describing the stars, planets, spacecraft, spacemen, etc. once you have fixed the topic, you no longer need to bother about stamps other than the theme you selected. Then, you can put all your effort to collect the stamps around it. [4]China issues zodiac animal stamps (十二生肖邮票) every year to celebrate the Lunar New Year. They are extremely popular and a lot of collectors wait patiently for 12 years to collect a full set of them. Hong Kong’s Lunar New Year special stamp series began in 2000 with the Year of Dragon and the twelfth and final set was issued in 2011, the Year of Rabbit. Recently some Western countries have issued zodiac animal stamps, which attract a lot of attention as well. [5]You may choose any theme you like. However, you should bear in mind an essential point. The topic you choose should not be too narrow. Otherwise, it is very difficult to accumulate stamps around the topic. You will be depressed and even lose your interest in collecting stamps. [6]Collecting stamps with these is especially popular among teenagers because there is a wide range of choices forthem. The main challenge is how you organize and expand your collection around your theme. 【小题 1】What is the main idea of the passage? (no more than 5 words) ________________________________________________________ 【小题 2】Fill in the blank in Paragraph 2 with proper words。 (no more than 5 words) Of course, there are many ____________________________________________. 【小题 3】What should you do if you want to collect a full set of zodiac animal stamps? (no more than 7 words) ________________________________________________________ 【小题 4】List the three general themes in collecting stamps mentioned in the passage。 (3 words) ________________________________________________________ 【小题 5】What does the word "them" (Line2, Paragraph6) probably refer to? (1 word) _______________________________________________________

5: [1] Imagine a magical forest where the trees touch the sky. Due to enough rainfall, the trees grow huge and spread wide. Their tallest branches are so thick-leafed that they create a thick curtain. Even the wind does not find enough space to blow asitpleases. The climate is good for life forms of all kinds- from trees to animals, birds and insects. [2] These forests are called tropical rainforests. Most of them are located near the equator, in Asia, Africa and South America. The rainforest of the Amazon basin in South America is one of the lushest(茂盛的) rainforests in the world. You will find more varieties of trees or animal life here than anywhere else in the world. [3] The tropical rainforests are called the green lungs of the planet. They absorb carbon dioxide from around them to process their food and release oxygen into the air. They also contain the largest number of trees with medicinal value. [4] But now human beings are out to . Many companies all over the world, especially in the West, have been attacking these rainforests for a variety of reasons – some want to make profit by cutting down trees and selling timber(木材); others are trying to be the only ones to make profit out of medicinal plants.

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[5] To the outside world, the rainforest has always seemed a very dangerous place. Generations of films and literature have shown the people who live in the rainforests as dangerous and violent people who have a strange way of life. [6] But actually, these people have a better understanding of their relationship with their environment than modern man has. Greed for profit by destroying the planet’s resources is a unique quality of societies that have become modern and use technology. One should then ask, who is more violent? 【小题 1】What is the best title for the text?(no more than 5 words) ______________________________________________________________ 【小题 2】Complete the following statement with proper words.(no more than 4 words) Nowhere on earth as much wildlife as in the rainforest. 【小题 3】Fill in the blank in Paragraph 4 with proper words. (no more than 5 words) ________________________________________________________________ 【小题 4】Why are the tropical rainforests called the green lungs of the planet?(no more than 10 words) __________________________________________________________________ 【小题 5】What does the underlined word “it” (line 3,paragraph 1) probably refer to?(no more than 3 words)

6: Directions: Read the following passage. Fill in the numbered blanks by using the information for the passage. Write NO MORE THAN 3 WORDS for each answer. A Low-Carbon Economy (LCE) refers to an economy which has a minimal emission of greenhouse gas (GHG), namely, carbon dioxide into the biosphere(生物圈). Recently, most of the scientists and the public hold the opinion that the climate is changing because there is such an accumulation of CO 2in the atmosphere due to human activities. The over-concentration of these gases is producing global warming that affects long-term climate, with negative impacts on humanity in the foreseeable future. LCE, therefore, is proposed as a means to avoid catastrophic climate change. All nations which are considered carbon intensive societies and societies which are heavily populated should become zero-carbon societies and economies. Several of these countries have promised to become 'low carbon' but not entirely zero carbon, and claim that emissions will be cut by 100% by balancing emissions rather than ceasing all emissions. Nuclear power and the strategies of carbon capture and storage (CCS) have been proposed as the primary means to achieve a LCE while continuing to exploit non-renewable resources. Scientists are afraid, however, whether the spent-nuclear-fuel can be stored, and whether it is secure. Also they are not certain about the costs and time needed to successfully implement CCS worldwide and whether the stored emissions will leak into the biosphere or not. Alternatively, many have proposed renewable energy should be the main basis of a LCE, but, they have their associated problems of high-cost and inefficiency; this is changing, however, since investment and production have been growing significantly in recent times. Furthermore, it has been proposed that to make the transition to an LCE economically attractive we would have to attach a cost (per unit output) to GHGs through means such as emissions trading and/or a carbon tax. A LCE is aimed to integrate all aspects of itself from its manufacturing, agriculture, transportation to power-generation around technologies that produce energy and materials with little GHG emission and thus around populations, buildings, machines and devices which use those energies and materials efficiently and dispose of or recycle its wastes so as to have a minimal output of GHGs. Title: 71

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I. 72 : an economy with a minimal output of GHG II. 73 of the present economy: ● global warming ● long-term climate change ● 74 on humanity III. 75 : ● to produce energy and materials with little GHG emission ● to use those energies and materials efficiently ● to have 76 of GHGs IV. 77 to achieve a LCE: ●nuclear power ●the strategies of carbon capture and storage ● renewable energy ● 78 ● a carbon tax V. 79 : ● spent-nuclear-fuel storage / storage of spent-nuclear-fuel ● 80 ● uncertainty about the costs and time needed

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7:Domestic (驯养的) horses now pull ploughs, race in the Kentucky Derby, and carry police. But early horses weren’t tame (驯服的) enough to perform these kinds of tasks. Scientists think the first interactions humans had with horses were far different from those today. Thousands of years ago, people killed the wild horses that lived around them for food. Over time, people began to catch the animals and raise them. This was the first step in domestication. As people began to tame and ride horses, they chose to keep those animals that had more desirable characteristics. For example, people may have chosen to keep horses that had a gentle personality so they could be ridden more easily. People who used horses to pull heavy loads would have chosen to keep stronger animals. Characteristics like strength are partly controlled by the animals’ genes. So as the domesticated horses reproduced, they passed the characteristics on to their young. Each new generation of horses would show more of these chosen characteristics. Modern-day horse breeds(种类) come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes. This variety didn’t exist in the horse population before domestication. The Shetland horse is one of the smallest breeds— typically reaching only one meter tall. With short, strong legs, the animals were bred to pull coal out of mine shafts (矿井) with low ceilings. Huge horses like the Clydesdale came on the scene around 1700. People bred these heavy, tall horses to pull large vehicles used for carrying heavy loads. The domestication of horses has had great effects on societies. For example, horses were important tools in the advancement of modern agriculture. Using them to pull ploughs and carry heavy loads allowed people to farm more efficiently. Before they were able to ride horses, humans had to cross land on foot. Riding horses allowed people to travel far greater distance in much less time. That encouraged populations living in different areas to interact with one another. The new form of rapid transportation helped cultures spread around the world. 【小题 1】Before domestication horses were ______.【小题 2】The author uses the Shetland horse as an example to show ______. 【小题 3】 Horses contributed to the spread of culture by ______. 【小题 4】 The passage is mainly about _______.

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A、caught for sports B、hunted for food C、made to pull ploughs D、used to carry people A、it is smaller than the Clydesdale horse B、horses used to have gentle personalities

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8:根据短文内容,从下面 A-F 选项中选出能概括每一段主题的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。选项中 有一项为多余选项。 【小题 1】________________ Americans are far more knowledgeable about drinks than they were 20 years ago. Witness the Starbucks revolution and you’ll know where the trend goes. Now, encouraged by recent studies suggesting that it can cut the risk of cancer and heart disease and slow the aging process, tea is enjoying a similar change. Enough fashionable tea houses are springing up to make even longtime coffee drinkers consider switching drinks. 【小题 2】________________ Tea is available in more places than ever. The Tea Association of the United States reports that from 1990 to 1999, annual sales of the drink grew to $4.6 billion from $1.8 billion. “Green tea is seen by consumers as a ‘functional food’” — delivering health benefits beyond food itself, says Vierhile. 【小题 3】_______________ Recently published studies point out that only teas that come from the leaves of the plant Camellia sinensis have been shown to contain health benefits. Other herbal teas may taste good, yet they do little more than warm up the drinker. But for Camellia sinensis, the evidence is powerful. In a 1998 study, Harvard University researchers found that drinking one cup of black tea a day lowered the risk of heart attack by as much as 44 percent compared with non-tea drinkers, and other studies have suggested that the antioxidants (抗氧化剂) in these so-called real teas can also prevent cancer. 【小题 4】________________ One such antioxidant in green tea is ECGC, a compound 20 times as powerful as vitamin E and 200 times as powerful as vitamin C. “When people ask me for something good and cheap they can do to reduce their cancer risk, I tell them to drink real tea,” says Mitchell Gaynor, director of medical oncology at New York City’s Strang-Cornell Cancer Prevention Center. 【小题 5】________________ Among those inspired to become a green-tea drinker is Tess Ghilaga, a New York writer who took it up after seeking advice from a nutritionist six years ago. “I’ve never been a coffee drinker,” says Ghilaga, 33. “She told me to start drinking green tea for the antioxidant qualities.” Now Ghilaga and her husband habitually make tea — they order theirs from InPursuitofTea.com, an Internet tea company. And although tea contains about half the amount of caffeine in a cup of coffee, “you still get such a kick from it,” says Ghilaga.A. The spreading of tea B. The history of tea growing C. Changes of tastes for drinks D. Reducing cancer risks E. The plant Camellia sinensis F. A woman’s opinion of tea

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9: D Is a recently discovered hormone the reason why folks who lose weight can’t keep it off? Like millions of other fat people, at 530 inches high, more than 300 pounds, Carnie Wilson was not just fat. After trying all sort of diets that didn’t work, she has to go to the stomach – bypass surgery (胃部迂回手术), ie, have most of her stomach sewed up, only leaving tiny room to hold several tablespoonfuls at most. Result: she simply couldn’t eat the way she used to. In three years, Wilson is one third of her former weight. Wilson’s experience is not all that unusual, and while doctors still aren’t exactly sure what is going on, a report in last week’s Journal of Medicine offers an explanation. The loss of appetite in bypass patients may be linked to a recently discovered hormone called ghrelin. Not only that, ghrelin may turn out to be one reason we feel hungry and it’s hare for didters to keep weight off. Nowadays, researchers are careful to stress only what they know for sure. For the three conclusions, the leading Dr. David of the University of Washington says, “I feel very solid about two of them.” The first is that ghrelin levels in the bloodstream rise significantly before meals and drop afterward. The second conclusion is that ghrelin levels are higher on average in people who have lost weight from dieting. Dr. David is less sure of the third conclusion, that bypass patients have only a quarter as much ghrelin as most people of normal weight. After all, ghrelin is produced by cells in the stomach. Years ago, leptin, a hormone was found as an appetite suppressant (食物抑制剂). But after years of trying, it had to be given up. What doctor s suspect is that both leptin and ghrelin are part of a complex system of brain and body chemicals that govern weight and appetite. That does not mena pharmaceutical (药物的) weight control is forever out of the question. “In the next ten years, we will be able to develop new drugs to help people lose weight healthily and effectively.” 47。What can we learn about ghrelin according to the passage? A、After meals ghrelin levels are higher in the bloodstream. B、People who have lost weight have less ghreilin in their body. C、Without ghrelin, people are really difficult to lose weight. D、Ghrelin is something produced by cells in the stomach. 48。What is Dr. David not sure? A、pharmaceutical weight control is impossible. B、There is less ghrelin in the bypass patients. C、new drugs will be developed in 10 years. D、ghrelin levels are higher in people on diet. 49。In fact, people’s weight and appetite are controlled by A、ghrelin and leptin B、hormone and medicine C、brain and body chemicals D、stomach and food 50。What can we infer from the passage? A、People with a lower ghrelin level go hungry easily. B、Doctors managed to use leption to control the appetite. C、Doctors are optimistic about how to lose weight healthily. D、The loss of appetite in bypass aptient is linked to leptin

10:请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格填入最恰当的单词。

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注意:每空格一个单词。 Eat more, Play more—Weight Less In the United States, 20 to 40 percent of the adult population have a “weight problem”. To many people, the cause seems obvious: we eat too much. But scientific evidence does little to support this idea. Several modern studies have shown that fatter people do not eat more on average than thinner people and that slim people are more active than fat people. I believe that this shows overweight people can become relatively slim gradually via a progressive program of regular exercise. The key is regular, enjoyable activity. Use of energy(calories) by the body falls into two categories. The first is energy used for essential bodily functions—digestion, heart beat, breathing—and BMR(新陈代谢). In an average-sized adult, BMR requires about 1400 calories per day. The second category is energy used for physical activity—standing, walking and all other movements. Together with the BMR, it makes up total calorie use, which should be balanced by food intake for weight to remain stable. For years now, we have known that dieting—especially severe dieting(400 calories per day, for instance)—decreases BMR. This is the body's defense system to keep energy when food supply is reduced. Unfortunately, it tends to weaken the diet's effects by enabling the body to “get by” on fewer calories. For this reason, I believe that severe dieting is not a good way to lose weight, and all dieting should be seen as a temporary measure. In addition to helping weight loss and continued weight control, regular exercise has many other features to recommend it. While weight loss by dieting alone results in some loss of muscle as well as fat, weight loss by exercise and moderate dieting leads to an increased proportion(均衡)of muscle mass. The regular exerciser has good heart function too. Regular exercise helps to raise blood levels of high-density lipoprotein(HDL) and increased exercise leads to increased food intake and thus to increased intake of critical nutrients (营养). The benefits of eating more because of an increase in physical activity are not widely appreciated. Many people in this country, by actual measurement, have remarkably low calorie intake. Often the amount is so low (1 200 to 1 800 calories a day) that nutritionists worry about the adequacy(足够的)of their vitamin and mineral intake. And too little food, with inadequate fiber content, leads in the old population to chronic constipation(长期便秘)。 To sum up, most Americans still get too little regular exercise, and it is within this group that almost all obesity is found. Severe dieting should not be used as it is unpleasant and tends to be self-defeating. Moderate dieting combined with regular exercise is much more effective and enjoyable. The choice is yours: life on the sofa, nibbling celery or the active, healthy-eating, healthful way. Title Eat more, Play more—Weight Less Causes of weight problems ●It's commonly believed that adults' weight problems are due to (1)______ too much, but little scientific evidence (2)______ this idea. ●Studies show that fat people eat less and are (3)______ active than slim people. (4)______of eating enough ●Energy used for essential bodily functions, BMR, and (5)______ activity should be balanced by food intake for weight to remain stable ●Food intake offers (6)______ vitamin and mineral intake and prevents the old from chronic constipation.

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11: 【题文】阅读下面短文,请根据短文后的要求进行答题。 (请注意问题后的字数要求) [1]Keeping a busy social life among lots of friends may keep people slimmer than spending hours on a treadmill, according to scientists. They say that socializing and meeting with friends helps boost levels of ‘brown fat’ in the boby which burns calories to generate heat. [2]Living in a stimulating, social environment was found to reduce abdominal fat in mice by half over four weeks, even if they ate more. US researchers say that social stimulation can by converting white fat into brown, White stores calories and makes us fatter, while brown burns energy to generate heat .Converting white fat into brown is difficult, as we all know, normally requiring long term exposure to cold conditions or activating part of the body’s nervous system [3]However, scientists from Ohio State University now think that having a busy social life is an even more effective way of changing white fat into brown, The team came up with their theory by studying the effects of various living environments on mice.Those who lived alongside a greater number of mice and had more space and toys to stimulate them lost far more weight over the course of the study than their ‘couch potato’ ones. [4]Study author Dr. Mattew During, whose team’s findings appear in journalCell Metabolism said: I’m still amazed at the degree of fat loss that occurs. Explaining how new technology had threatened face-to-face socializing, he added: ‘It’s not just a sedentary lifestyle and high calorie foods, but an increasing lack of social engagement.’ [5]Co-author Dr. Lei Cao said: ‘Loneliness is a profound factor for cancer and death; it’s on par with cigarette smoking. Social engagement is very important’. 【小题 1】What’s the main idea of this passage? (no more than 10 words) 【小题 2】Fill in the blank in Paragraph 2 with proper words. (no more than 5 words) 【小题 3】What’s the purpose of the study of mice? (no more than 20 words)

【小题 4】How does socializing help make people slim? (no more than 15 words) 【小题 5】Translate the underlined sentence into Chinese.

12: 【题文】阅读下面的短文,并根据短文后面的要求答题。 (请注意问题后的字数要求) For years children in the industrial areas of Europe and America seldom left their smoky cities to see the beauties of the countryside.Not that the woods and fields were always far away, but they were too far from the city to permit people to make a round trip between morning and nightfall.What's more, factory workers did not have enough money to send their children on country holidays away from home. In 1907 a young German schoolmaster had an idea which changed this state of affairs. He decided to turn his little schoolhouse into a dormitory for the summer holidays. Anyone who brought his sleeping bag and cooking equipment along could stay there for a very small amount of money. The idea was a success. A few years later the schoolhouse was far too small to hold so many young people who wanted to stay there. So, a dormitory was set up in an old castle nearby. This was the first Youth Hostel. Today young students and workers of every country can meet in the hostels and get to know each other. Some spend a week or more in the same hostel, seeing the surrounding sights and meeting the people of the area. Other youths

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go on foot or by bicycle from place to place, spending a night or two in one hostel, then going to the next. Sometimes an informal program will be organized after the meal, with dances, songs, or short talks followed by a question period. One can _____________________________ about other places, just by meeting people who come from these places. For this reason, a few weeks spent "hostelling" can be just as useful a part of one's education as classes in school. 【小题 1】What does paragraph 2 mainly tell us? (Please answer within10 words.) ______________________________________________________________________ 【小题 2】Which sentence in the text is the closest in meaning to the following one? Some youths stay in a hostel for several days, during which period they go sightseeing and visit the local people. _____________________________________________________________________________ 【小题 3】 Fill in the blank in the 4th paragraph with proper words to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 7 words) _____________________________________________________________________________ 【小题 4】List 3 of the advantages of hostelling according to the text. (Please answer within 15 words.) ____________________________________________________________________________ 【小题 5】Translate the underlined sentence in paragraph 1 into Chinese. _____________________________________________________________________

13:简答题(共 3 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 6 分) 阅读下面短文,根据第 73 至第 75 小题的具体要求,简要回答问题。 The north magnetic pole(磁极)is no longer a resident of Canada.It has drifted across the Canadian Arctic and is nowanglingtoward Siberia. Not to be confused with the geographic North Pole—the northern extremity of the Earth’s axis(地轴),the north magnetic pole(where the Earth’s magnetic field is directed downward)is moving due to natural changes in the Earth’s magnetic field,a process that originates about 3000 kilometers below our feet,in the outer core(核心)of the planet.But scientists are now noticing that the magnetic pole has picked up its pace.

Over the past century,the pole has been migrating at an average speed of about 10 kilometers per year,says Larry Newitt,head of Geomagnetic Laboratory at Natural Resources Canada in Ottawa.Since the 1970s,this speed has increased to about 50 kilometers per year. Scientists are wondering why the speed is increasing,says Newitt.One hypothesis(假说)relates it to “magnetic jerks”,sudden shifts(变化)in the rate of change of the magnetic field.There have been three jerks in the past four decades,each one correlating to an increases in speed. If the north magnetic pole continues at its current rate,it could reach Siberia by 2056. “For most of recorded history,the pole has been a part of Canada,and now it’s not,”says Newitt.“It may be a blow to

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our collective psyche,but other than that,it doesn’t have a major effect on most people’s existence.” 73.Find in the passage a word closest in meaning to the underlined word “angling”. ____________________________________________________________ 74.What could happen to the north magnetic pole by the middle of the 21st century?(回答词数不超过 8 个) ____________________________________________________________ 75.What is the main idea of the passage?(回答词数不超过 8 个) ____________________________________________________________

14: 首先,请阅读下列的应用文: Colourful etching(蚀刻), aquatints and silk-screen prints on porcelain(瓷器), Metro-life four-star rating. Tue to Fri 10am to 5pm. Until Feb 15.0113 247 8245 E、Skool Disco at Corporation Cheesy tunes and school-themed high jinks, place for gathering occasions. 9pm to 2am; £2.1-3 Milton Street. F、The Factory Of Dreams: Inside Mexico’s Soap Operas Stefan Ruiz’s look at Mexico’s soap operas, including Los Ricos Tambien Lloran, watched regularly by 200 million people, yet actually unheard of in the West. Tue to Sat 10am to 5:30pm, free. 请阅读以下个人信息,然后匹配到合适的地方。 56。Lance is interested in interior decoration. He has recently helped his uncle with the decoration of his new house. He now majors in architecture: the designing of buildings. 57。William is an amateur director. He likes to invite some friends together and perform plays. With new high-tech equipment, he even starts to produce DIY(Do-It-Yourself) mini films. He wishes he will be a big name in the film industry one day. 58。Jim is working in a big company and has just got his first-month pan and would like to invite some young fellow workers to have fun this Saturday. 59。Patric is a super fan of classical music. He always finds it a high joy to be lost in some excellent symphonies, like those of Beethoven’s. Recently, he is planning to purchase some musical equipment. 60。Victor is now a college freshman majoring in engineering in another city. At this time of Christmas, he is back at home for the holiday. He plans to invite some of former fellow students in high school for a get-together. 56。Lance A Music Box 57。William B Breathing Space 58。Jim C Hypnotic 59。Patric D Susie Perring 60。Victor E Skool Disco at Corporation F The Factory Of Dreams

答案部分

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1、 【小题 1】blarney 【小题 2】It is something false or wrong or foolish. 或 It is a false idea or statement. 【小题 3】He was a clever man. 或 He didn’t surrender to British troops.

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【小题 1】 根据句子 A similar word has almost the same meaning as baloney. It even sounds almost the same. The word is blarney 可知。 【小题 2】根据句子 It is used to describe something—usually something someone says—that is false or wrong or foolish 可知; 根据句子 Baloney is an idea or statement that is nothing like the truth 可知。 【小题 3】根据句子 he made them sound like very good excuses 可知;根据句子 But he kept making excuses for postponing the surrender 可知。

2、 【小题 1】caused 【小题 2】Negative 【小题 3】Positive 【小题 4】save 【小题 5】totally / completely 【小题 6】interfere 【小题 7】the consequences 【小题 8】using up 【小题 9】adopt 【小题 10】scientific

试题分析: 【小题 1】原词重现:从第一句话:Cloning has caused much debate.可知是.caused 【小题 2】归纳题:从右边一栏不难看出都是克隆的消极的一面。用 Negative 【小题 3】归纳题:从右边一栏不难看出都是克隆的积极的一面。用 Positive 【小题 4】原词重现:从第一段的:some scientists think valuable tissues and organs can be used to save human lives 可知答案是 save 【小题 5】原词重现:从第二段的:I believe that human cloning is totally immoral 可知答案是 totally / completely 【小题 6】原词重现:从第二段的:If we interfere with nature, we will have to deal with the consequences .可知答案 是 interfere 【小题 7】原词重现:解析同上题:the consequences 【小题 8】原词重现:从第二段的:Human race is using up Earth’s resources .可知答案是 using up 【小题 9】原词重现:从第二段的:Ladies who cannot have babies can adopt children with no parents 可知答案是:adopt 【小题 10】原词重现:从第三段的:It is a great scientific advance.可知答案是 scientific 考点:考查阅读填空 点评:阅读填空可通过表格对文章的整体框架有更好的理解,再结合题目到文章中找到相关句子和短语,有时要

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变化词形或词性。

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3、 【小题 1】C 【小题 2】B 【小题 3】A 【小题 4】D

试题分析:本文是给那观察鲸鱼的人的建议。 【小题 1】C 推理题。根据文章 1,2 行 The Department of Fisheries and Oceans has developed guidelines for whale watching in Johnstone Strait, where killer whales are found on a daily basis each summer。 说明本文是给那些观察鲸鱼 的人而写的建议。故 C 正确。 【小题 2】B 细节题。根据第五条建议 Leave the area slowly, gradually moving faster when you are more than 300 meters from the whales。说明要逐渐加速离开,故 B 正确。 【小题 3】A 细节题。根据第 8 条建议 Keep at low speeds and remain in the same direction if travelling side by side with whales。说明要和鲸鱼同一个方向运动,故 A 正确。 【小题 4】 D 细节题。 根据第二条建议 Approach no closer than 100 meters, then stop the boat but keep the engine on 说明 100 米是安全距离,故 D 项正确。 考点:考查信息筛选类短文 点评:本文属于信息筛选类短文,文本所给信息非常丰富,要求考生从中选出适合题目要求的信息。解此类题目 时, 考生可以先阅读题目和选项, 了解具体要求, 然后再仔细阅读文章, 认真筛选甄别, 这样的阅读就有的放矢, 可以大大提高阅读的速度和效率。

4、 【小题 1】Collecting stamps with themes 【小题 2】other methods of collecting stamps 【小题 3】We should wait for 12 years. 【小题 4】sport(s); astronomy;animal(s) 【小题 5】Teenages

试题分析: 集邮主题各不相同。 除了地点, 时间以外, 还有运动, 天文和十二生肖等。 主题集邮尤受青少年喜爱。 【小题 1】文章前 4 段介绍集邮的不同主题;第 5 段讲主题集邮注意事项;最后一段交代主题集邮的最大困难。 因此,根据结构可以得知整篇文章大意是和主题集邮(Collecting stamps with themes)相关。 【小题 2】文章第一段介绍有按地点,时间为主题的集邮。第二段第二句以后是讲按运动为主题的集邮。第 3,4 段讲按天文和十二生肖为主题的集邮。 因此该句可以看成第一段与 2,3,4,段的段间过渡, 也可以看成 2.3.4 段的中 心句。因此,相对于第一段,这里当然是介绍 other methods of collecting stamps。 【小题 3】该题是问为了收集全十二生肖的邮票我们该怎么办。首先可以把信息定位在第 5 段; 然后找到该段的 第二句(…and a lot of collectors wait patiently for 12 years to collect a full set of them.); 最后以答者的身份改变人 称(they 变为 we ).即 We should wait for 12 years.

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【小题 4】该题要考生列出文章提到的三个一般性集邮主题。全文讲到集邮主题有地点,时间,运动,天文和十 二生肖等。但在 2,3,4 段中浓彩笔墨介绍了人们喜爱的运动,天文和十二生肖三个主题。所以答案为 sport(s); astronomy;animal(s)。 【小题 5】根据文章最后一段第一句“主题集邮尤其受青少年的欢迎。因为对于他们来说,有着广泛的可选择范 围。”所以 them 是指人(Teenages) 。 考点:考查阅读表达

5、 【小题 1】The magical tropical rainforest 【小题 2】will/can you find 【小题 3】harm/ destroy the rainforests 【小题 4】They absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen into the air 【小题 5】The wind.

试题解析:文章叙述了热带雨林,热带雨林所处的地理位置,天然氧吧,以及人类对雨林的破坏,使人们意识到 要保护雨林,减少对环境的破坏。 【小题 1】开篇点题,根据文章开头第一段第一句话 Imagine a magical forest where the trees touch the sky 想象一 片森林, 在森林里树可以触到天空和第二段第一句话 These forests are called tropical rainforests 这些森林被称谓热 带雨林第三四五六段都是对森林的介绍,所以最好的题目是 The magical tropical rainforest。 【小题 2】根据第二段最后一句话 You will find more varieties of trees or animal life here than anywhere else in the world.你将发现比世界上其他任何地方更多的各种各样的树木和野生动物,所以得出答案 will/can you find. 【小题 3】根据第四段空后 Many companies all over the world, especially in the West, have been attacking these rainforests for a variety of reasons – some want to make profit by cutting down trees and selling timber(木材); others are trying to be the only ones to make profit out of medicinal plants. 世界上有许多公司,尤其在西方一直攻击这些雨林,有的是从砍伐和销售木材获利,有的是从药用植物中获利, 所以对人类破坏雨林,所以答案是 harm/ destroy the rainforests。 【小题 4】根据第三段第二句话 They absorb carbon dioxide from around them to process their food and release oxygen into the air.得出答案:They absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen into the air 【小题 5】根据全句 Even the wind does not find enough space to blow asitpleases.甚至风找不到足够的空间随意的 吹,as 按照(它的意愿) ,所以答案是 the wind . 考点:考查人文地理类文章。

6、 71. Low-Carbon Economy/LCE 72. Definition / Concept 73. Consequences 74. negative impacts 75. Aim(s) / Aim(s) of LCE 76. a minimal output 77. proposed means

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78. emissions trading 79. Concern / Worry / Anxiety 80. security 略

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7、 【小题 1】B 【小题 2】D 【小题 3】C 【小题 4】D 略

8、 【小题 1】C 【小题 2】A 【小题 3】E 【小题 4】D 【小题 5】F

试题分析: 【小题 1】从 Americans are far more knowledgeable…where the trend goes…tea is enjoying asimilar change…tea houses are springing up to make even longtime coffee drinkers considerswitching drinks. 知,该段主要讲述美国人对 茶叶的需求增加,口味从咖啡向茶转变的趋势,所以选 C 项。 【小题 2】 从 Tea is available in more places than ever.…annual sales of the drink grew to 4.6billion from 1.8 billion.…知, 该段主要讲述茶叶的销量增长,逐渐得到发展,所以选 A 项。 【小题 3 】从 …that come from the leaves of the plant Camellia Sinensis have been shown tocontain health benefits. …But for Camellia Sinensis the evidence is powerful…知,该段主要讲述一种野茶树 Camellia Sinensis,所以 选 E 项。 【小题 4】从…can do to reduce their cancer risk I tell them to drink real tea…at New York City’s DStrange—Cornell Cancer Prevention Center.知,该段主要讲述茶叶能减少患癌的几率,所以选 D 项。 【小题 5】从 Among those inspired to become a green tea drinker is Tess Ghilaga a New Yor kwriter…says Ghilaga 33. …Now Ghilaga and her husband habitually make tea…“you still getsuch a kick from it, ” says Ghilaga. 知, 该段主要 讲述了一个叫做 Tess Ghilaga 的女人对茶叶的看法,所以选 F 项。 考点:考查信息匹配 点评:文章层次结构清晰,上下文联系紧密,做题时,先通读全文,熟悉各选项,填句子的时候注意密切联系上 下文,认真体会上下文之间的联系,填好之后可以代入检查核对。

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9、 47—50 DBCC 略

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10、 【小题 1】eating 【小题 2】supports 【小题 3】less 【小题 4】Benefits/Advantages 【小题 5】physical 【小题 6】adequate/enough 【小题 7】Resulting 【小题 8】regularly 【小题 9】Summaries/Conclusions 【小题 10】avoided/stopped

【小题 1】根据 the cause seems obvious: we eat too much.,可知填 eating. 【小题 2】根据 But scientific evidence does little to support this idea.,可知答案为 supports. 【小题 3】根据 Several modern studies have shown that fatter people do not eat more on average than thinner people and that slim people are more active than fat people.可知答案为:less。 【小题 4】根据右边可知,这里讲的是吃得多的好处。 【小题 5】 根据 The first is energy used for essential bodily functions—digestion, heart beat, breathing—and BMR(新陈 代谢). In an average-sized adult, BMR requires about 1400 calories per day.以及 The second category is energy used for physical activity—standing, walking and all other movements.可知,答案为 physical. 【小题 6】Often the amount is so low (1 200 to 1 800 calories a day) that nutritionists worry about the adequacy(足够 的)of their vitamin and mineral intake. . And too little food, with inadequate fiber content, leads in the old population to chronic constipation(长期便秘).可知答案为 adequate. 【小题 7】根据 While weight loss by dieting alone results in some loss of muscle as well as fat, weight loss by exercise and moderate dieting leads to an increased proportion (均衡) of muscle mass.可知答案为 Resulting.注意首字母大写。 【小题 8】根据 Moderate dieting combined with regular exercise is much more effective and enjoyable.可知答案为 regularly.注意词性的的变换。 【小题 9】根据后边可知:Summaries/Conclusions. 【小题 10】根据 I believe that severe dieting is not a good way to lose weight, and all dieting should be seen as a temporary measure.可知,节食减肥是该被避免。

11、 【小题 1】Socializing keeps you slim/Keeping a busy social life makes people slim 【小题 2】aid weight loss/help lose weight 【小题 3】 To show having a busy social life is an even more effective way of changing white fat into brown; They want

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to show the advantage of a busy social life To show the part socializing plays in changing white fat into brown 【小题 4】by changing white fat into brown which burns calories to generate heat; Socializing changes white fat into brown which burns calories to generate heat 【小题 5】在研究期间,和那些总是呆着不动的小鼠相比,有更多伙伴、更大空间和更多玩具的实验鼠减肥效果 更明显。

试题分析: 【小题 1】根据文章第一段第一行 Keeping a busy social life among lots of friends may keep people slimmer 说明本文 的话题就是 Socializing keeps you slim。 【小题 2】本段讨论的正是 social stimulation 能让人减肥。 【小题 3】本文的话题是关于 Socializing 能让人减肥,告诉我们 a busy social life 的好处。 【小题 4】根据文章第二段第三行 by converting white fat into brown 说明是通过改变 white fat 的方法来减肥。 【小题 5】本句的翻译难点在于对这几个词“stimulate” “couch potato”的翻译过于死板,翻译不通。要根据上下 文的语义来猜测这些词的意思。 考点:考查科普类短文阅读 点评:本文讲述了一项关于减肥的研究。以小老鼠的例子告诉人们应该积极参加社交活动多锻炼,而不是总是呆 在不动。以细节题的考查为主,仍然要求考生在阅读的时候关注重要的关键点。

12、 【小题 1】How the first Youth Hostel came into existence/ How the first Youth Hostel began 【小题 2】Some spend a week or more in the same hostel, seeing the surrounding sights and meeting the people of the area. 【小题 3】learn a lot (of things) / get to know a lot 【小题 4】① Breathe fresh air ② enjoy the beauties of the countryside ③ learn things about other places ④ make new friends 【小题 5】并不是树林和田野总是很遥远,而是因为他们离城市较远,人们要当天往返是做不到的。

试题分析: 【小题 1】从第二段最后一句总结句 This was the first Youth Hostel 可知前面讲述了它是怎样形成的。 【小题 2】从第三段第二句可得知答案。 【小题 3】从文章最后一句 a few weeks spent "hostelling" can be just as useful a part of one's education as classes in school 可知在 Youth Hostel 可以学到很多东西。 【小题 4】从文章第一,三,四段可总结得知。 【小题 5】注意句型 not...but 不是...而是.。 考点:百科知识类短文阅读简答 点评:本篇阅读简答题内容比较简单,集中考查细节较多,在阅读时注意捕捉关键的细节信息,做好标志,培养 归纳概括能力。

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13、73.Moving/Migrating 74.It could reach Siberia 75.The north magnetic pole is moving faster. 73. 按照上下文意思“移动,迁移”。 74. 按照此段意思,应该总结为“能够达到西伯利亚”。 75. 抓住关键词:magnetic ,moving。

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14、 BFACE 略


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