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2015 AMC 12/AHSME

AMC 12/AHSME 2015

– – 1

A February 3rd What is the value of (20 ? 1 + 52 + 0)?1 × 5? 5 1 (A) ? 125 (B) ? 120 (C) (D) 5 24

(E) 25<

br />

2

Two of the three sides of a triangle are 20 and 15. Which of the following numbers is not a possible perimeter of the triangle? (A) 52 (B) 57 (C) 62 (D) 67 (E) 72

3

Mr. Patrick teaches math to 15 students. He was grading tests and found that when he graded everyone’s test except Payton’s, the average grade for the class was 80. After he graded Payton’s test, the class average became 81. What was Payton’s score on the test? (A) 81 (B) 85 (C) 91 (D) 94 (E) 95

4

The sum of two positive numbers is 5 times their di?erence. What is the ratio of the larger number to the smaller? 3 9 5 5 (B) (C) (D) 2 (E) (A) 4 2 5 2 Amelia needs to estimate the quantity a b ? c, where a, b, and c are large positive integers. She rounds each of the integers so that the calculation will be easier to do mentally. In which of these situations will her answer necessarily be greater than the exact value of a b ? c? (A) She rounds all three numbers up. (B) She rounds a and b up, and she rounds c down. (C) She rounds a and c up, and she rounds b down. (D) She rounds a up, and she rounds b and c down. (E) She rounds c up, and she rounds a and b down.

5

6

Two years ago Pete was three times as old as his cousin Claire. Two years before that, Pete was four times as old as Claire. In how many years will the ratio of their ages be 2 : 1?

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2015 AMC 12/AHSME

(A) 2 7

(B) 4

(C) 5

(D) 6

(E) 8

Two right circular cylinders have the same volume. The radius of the second cylinder is 10% more than the radius of the ?rst. What is the relationship between the heights of the two cylinders? (A) The second height is 10% less than the ?rst. (B) The ?rst height is 10% more than the second. (C) The second height is 21% less than the ?rst. (D) The ?rst height is 21% more than the second. (E) The second height is 80% of the ?rst.

8

The ratio of the length to the width of a rectangle is 4 : 3. If the rectangle has diagonal of length d, then the area may be expressed as kd2 for some constant k . What is k ? 2 3 12 16 3 (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) 7 7 25 25 4 A box contains 2 red marbles, 2 green marbles, and 2 yellow marbles. Carol takes 2 marbles from the box at random; then Claudia takes 2 of the remaining marbles at random; and then Cheryl takes the last two marbles. What is the probability that Cheryl gets 2 marbles of the same color? 1 1 1 1 1 (B) (C) (D) (E) (A) 10 6 5 3 2 Integers x and y with x > y > 0 satisfy x + y + xy = 80. What is x? (A) 8 (B) 10 (C) 15 (D) 18 (E) 26

9

10

11

(A) 2 12

On a sheet of paper, Isabella draws a circle of radius 2, a circle of radius 3, and all possible lines simultaneously tangent to both circles. Isabella notices that she has drawn exactly k ≥ 0 lines. How many di?erent values of k are possible? (B) 3 (C) 4 (D) 5 (E) 6

The parabolas y = ax2 ? 2 and y = 4 ? bx2 intersect the coordinate axes in exactly four points, and these four points are the vertices of a kite of area 12. What is a + b? (A) 1 (B) 1.5 (C) 2 (D) 2.5 (E) 3

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2015 AMC 12/AHSME

13

A league with 12 teams holds a round-robin tournament, with each team playing every other team once. Games either end with one team victorious or else end in a draw. A team scores 2 points for every game it wins and 1 point for every game it draws. Which of the following is not a true statement about the list of 12 scores? (A) There must be an even number of odd scores. (B) There must be an even number of even scores. (C) There cannot be two scores of 0. (D) The sum of the scores must be at least 100. (E) The highest score must be at least 12.

14

What is the value of a for which (A) 9 (B) 12 (C) 18

1 log2 a

+

1 log3 a

+

1 log4 a

= 1?

(D) 24

(E) 36

15

What is the minimum number of digits to the right of the decimal point needed 123 456 789 to express the fraction as a decimal? 226 · 54 (A) 4 (B) 22 (C) 26 (D) 30 (E) 104 Tetrahedron √ ABCD has AB = 5, AC = 3, BC = 4, BD = 4, AD = 3, and 2. What is the volume of the tetrahedron? CD = 12 5 √ √ √ 24 24 √ (A) 3 2 (B) 2 5 (C) (E) 2 (D) 3 3 5 5 Eight people are sitting around a circular table, each holding a fair coin. All eight people ?ip their coins and those who ?ip heads stand while those who ?ip tails remain seated. What is the probability that no two adjacent people will stand? 3 49 25 51 47 (B) (C) (D) (E) (A) 256 16 256 128 256 The zeroes of the function f (x) = x2 ? ax + 2a are integers. What is the sum of all possible values of a? (A) 7 (B) 8 (C) 16 (D) 17 (E) 18

16

17

18

19

For some positive integers p, there is a quadrilateral ABCD with positive integer side lengths, perimeter p, right angles at B and C , AB = 2, and CD = AD. How many di?erent values of p < 2015 are possible?

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2015 AMC 12/AHSME

(A) 30 20

(B) 31

(C) 61

(D) 62

(E) 63

Isosceles triangles T and T ′ are not congruent but have the same area and the same perimeter. The sides of T have lengths 5, 5, and 8, while those of T ′ have lengths a, a, and b. Which of the following numbers is closest to b? (A) 3 (B) 4 (C) 5 (D) 6 (E) 8

21

A circle of radius r passes through both foci of, and exactly four points on, the ellipse with equation x2 + 16y 2 = 16. The set of all possible values of r is an interval [a, b). What is a + b? √ √ √ √ (A) 5 2 + 4 (B) 17 + 7 (C) 6 2 + 3 (D) 15 + 8 (E) 12 For each positive integer n, let S (n) be the number of sequences of length n consisting solely of the letters A and B , with no more than three As in a row and no more than three B s in a row. What is the remainder when S (2015) is divided by 12? (A) 0 (B) 4 (C) 6 (D) 8 (E) 10

22

23

Let S be a square of side length 1. Two points are chosen independently at random on the sides of S . The probability that the straight-line distance a?bπ between the points is at least 1 2 is c , where a, b, and c are positive integers and gcd(a, b, c) = 1. What is a + b + c? (A) 59 (B) 60 (C) 61 (D) 62 (E) 63

24

Rational numbers a and b are chosen at random among all rational numbers in the interval [0, 2) that can be written as fractions n d where n and d are integers with 1 ≤ d ≤ 5. What is the probability that (cos(aπ ) + i sin(bπ ))4 is a real number? 4 3 (B) (A) 50 25 41 200 6 25 13 50

(C)

(D)

(E)

25

A collection of circles in the upper half-plane, all tangent to the x-axis, is constructed in layers as follows. Layer L0 consists of two circles of radii 702 ?1 and 732 that are externally tangent. For k ≥ 1, the circles in k j =0 Lj are ordered according to their points of tangency with the x-axis. For every pair of consecutive circles in this order, a new circle is constructed externally tangent to each of the two circles in the pair. Layer Lk consists of the 2k?1 circles

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2015 AMC 12/AHSME

constructed in this way. Let S = r(C ) its radius. What is

C ∈S

6 j =0 Lj ,

and for every circle C denote by ?

1 r (C )

(A) – – 1 B

286 35

(B)

583 70

(C)

715 73

(D)

143 14

(E)

1573 146

February 25th What is the value of 2 ? (?2)?2 ? 7 1 (C) (A) ? 2 (B) 16 4

(D)

9 4

(E) 6

2

Marie does three equally time-consuming tasks in a row without taking breaks. She begins the ?rst task at 1:00 PM and ?nishes the second task at 2:40 PM. When does she ?nish the third task? (A) 3:10 PM (B) 3:30 PM (C) 4:00 PM (D) 4:10 PM (E) 4:30 PM

3

Isaac has written down one integer two times and another integer three times. The sum of the ?ve numbers is 100, and one of the numbers is 28. What is the other number? (A) 8 (B) 11 (C) 14 (D) 15 (E) 18

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2015 AMC 12/AHSME

4

David, Hikmet, Jack, Marta, Rand, and Todd were in a 12-person race with 6 other people. Rand ?nished 6 places ahead of Hikmet. Marta ?nished 1 place behind Jack. David ?nished 2 places behind Hikmet. Jack ?nished 2 places behind Todd. Todd ?nished 1 place behind Rand. Marta ?nished in 6th place. Who ?nished in 8th place? (A) David (B) Hikmet (C) Jack (D) Rand (E) Todd The Tigers beat the Sharks 2 out of the ?rst 3 times they played. They then played N more times, and the Sharks ended up winning at least 95% of all the games played. What is the minimum possible value for N ? (A) 35 (B) 37 (C) 39 (D) 41 (E) 43

5

6

Back in 1930, Tillie had to memorize her multiplication tables from 0×0 through 12 × 12. The multiplication table she was given had rows and columns labeled with the factors, and the products formed the body of the table. To the nearest hundredth, what fraction of the numbers in the body of the table are odd? (A) 0.21 (B) 0.25 (C) 0.46 (D) 0.50 (E) 0.75

7

A regular 15-gon has L lines of symmetry, and the smallest positive angle for which it has rotational symmetry is R degrees. What is L + R? (A) 24 (B) 27 (C) 32

1

(D) 39

(E) 54

8

What is the value of (625log5 2015 ) 4 ? √ (A) 5 (B) 4 2015 (C) 625

(D) 2015

(E)

√ 4

52015

9

Larry and Julius are playing a game, taking turns throwing a ball at a bottle sitting on a ledge. Larry throws ?rst. The winner is the ?rst person to knock the bottle o? the ledge. At each turn the probability that a player knocks the bottle o? the ledge is 1 2 , independently of what has happened before. What is the probability that Larry wins the game? (A)

1 2

(B)

3 5

(C)

2 3

(D)

3 4

(E)

4 5

10

How many noncongruent integer-sided triangles with positive area and perimeter less than 15 are neither equilateral, isosceles, nor right triangles? (A) 3 (B) 4 (C) 5 (D) 6 (E) 7

11

The line 12x + 5y = 60 forms a triangle with the coordinate axes. What is the sum of the lengths of the altitudes of this triangle? 360 107 43 281 (A) 20 (B) (C) (D) (E) 17 5 2 13

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2015 AMC 12/AHSME

12

Let a, b, and c be three distinct one-digit numbers. What is the maximum value of the sum of the roots of the equation (x ? a)(x ? b) + (x ? b)(x ? c) = 0? (A) 15 (B) 15.5 (C) 16 (D) 16.5 (E) 17

13

Quadrilateral ABCD is inscribed inside a circle with ∠BAC = 70? , ∠ADB = 40? , AD = 4, and BC = 6. What is AC ? √ √ √ 9 (B) 6 (C) 2 2 (D) 8 ? 2 (E) 7 (A) 3 + 5 A circle of radius 2 is centered at A. An equilateral triangle with side 4 has a vertex at A. What is the di?erence between the area of the region that lies inside the circle but outside the triangle and the area of the region that lies inside the triangle but outside the circle? √ √ √ (A) 8 ? π (B) π + 2 (C) 2π ? 22 (E) 2π + 23 (D) 4(π ? 3) At Rachelle’s school an A counts 4 points, a B 3 points, a C 2 points, and a D 1 point. Her GPA on the four classes she is taking is computed as the total sum of points divided by 4. She is certain that she will get As in both Mathematics and Science, and at least a C in each of English and History. She 1 think she has a 1 6 chance of getting an A in English, and a 4 chance of getting 1 1 a B. In History, she has a 4 chance of getting an A, and a 3 chance of getting a B, independently of what she gets in English. What is the probability that Rachelle will get a GPA of at least 3.5? (A)

11 72

14

15

(B)

1 6

(C)

3 16

(D)

11 24

(E)

1 2

16

A regular hexagon with sides of length 6 has an isosceles triangle attached to each side. Each of these triangles has two sides of length 8. The isosceles triangles are folded to make a pyramid with the hexagon as the base of the pyramid. What is the volume of the pyramid? √ √ √ (A) 18 (B) 162 (C) 36 21 (D) 18 138 (E) 54 21

1 . When tossed n times, An unfair coin lands on heads with a probability of 4 the probability of exactly two heads is the same as the probability of exactly three heads. What is the value of n?

17

(A) 5 18

(B) 8

(C) 10

(D) 11

(E) 13

For every composite positive integer n, de?ne r(n) to be the sum of the factors in the prime factorization of n. For example, r(50) = 12 because the prime

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2015 AMC 12/AHSME

factorization of 50 is 2 · 52 , and 2 + 5 + 5 = 12. What is the range of the function r, {r(n) : n is a composite positive integer}? (A) the set of positive integers (B) the set of composite positive integers (C) the set of even positive integers (D) the set of integers greater than 3 (E) the set of integers greater than 4

19

In △ABC , ∠C = 90? and AB = 12. Squares ABXY and ACW Z are constructed outside of the triangle. The points X, Y, Z , and W lie on a circle. What is the perimeter of the triangle? √ √ √ (A) 12 + 9 3 (B) 18 + 6 3 (C) 12 + 12 2 (D) 30 (E) 32 For every positive integer n, let mod5 (n) be the remainder obtained when n is divided by 5. De?ne a function f : {0, 1, 2, 3, . . . } × {0, 1, 2, 3, 4} → {0, 1, 2, 3, 4} recursively as follows: ? ? if i = 0 and 0 ≤ j ≤ 4 ?mod5 (j + 1) f (i, j ) = f (i ? 1, 1) if i ≥ 1 and j = 0, and ? ? f (i ? 1, f (i, j ? 1)) if i ≥ 1 and 1 ≤ j ≤ 4 What is f (2015, 2)? (A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 3 (E) 4

20

21

Cozy the Cat and Dash the Dog are going up a staircase with a certain number of steps. However, instead of walking up the steps one at a time, both Cozy and Dash jump. Cozy goes two steps up with each jump (though if necessary, he will just jump the last step). Dash goes ?ve steps up with each jump (though if necessary, he will just jump the last steps if there are fewer than 5 steps left). Suppose the Dash takes 19 fewer jumps than Cozy to reach the top of the staircase. Let s denote the sum of all possible numbers of steps this staircase can have. What is the sum of the digits of s? (A) 9 (B) 11 (C) 12 (D) 13 (E) 15

22

Six chairs are evenly spaced around a circular table. One person is seated in each chair. Each person gets up and sits down in a chair that is not the same chair and is not adjacent to the chair he or she originally occupied, so that again one person is seated in each chair. In how many ways can this be done? (A) 14 (B) 16 (C) 18 (D) 20 (E) 24

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2015 AMC 12/AHSME

23

A rectangular box measures a × b × c, where a, b, and c are integers and 1 ≤ a ≤ b ≤ c. The volume and surface area of the box are numerically equal. How many ordered triples (a, b, c) are possible? (A) 4 (B) 10 (C) 12 (D) 21 (E) 26

24

Four circles, no two of which are congruent, have centers at A, B , C , and D, and points P and Q lie on all four circles. The radius of circle A is 5 8 times the 5 radius of circle B , and the radius of circle C is 8 times the radius of circle D. Furthermore, AB = CD = 39 and P Q = 48. Let R be the midpoint of P Q. What is AR + BR + CR + DR? (A) 180 (B) 184 (C) 188 (D) 192 (E) 196

25

A bee starts ?ying from point P0 . She ?ies 1 inch due east to point P1 . For j ≥ 1, once the bee reaches point Pj , she turns 30? counterclockwise and then ?ies inches straight to point Pj +1 . When the bee reaches P2015 she is exactly √ j +1√ a b + c d inches away from P0 , where a, b, c and d are positive integers and b and d are not divisible by the square of any prime. What is a + b + c + d? (A) 2016 (B) 2024 (C) 2032 (D) 2040 (E) 2048

– These problems are copyright c Mathematical Association of America (http: //maa.org).

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