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M7U1


Unit 1
Living with technology
为科技咋舌,与时 代同吻!

Information for good measure
Under the leadership of Steve Jobs, Apple has produced products that have change the way pe

ople around the world communicate, obtain information and enter themselves. Whether they’re iPods, iPhones or iPads, they have become a part of daily life for around the world. Jobs actually changed the way that we download music, changed the way that we use headsets, and also changed the way that we use computers. Apple didn’t invent personal computers, it didn’t invent the mouse and windows interface, it didn’t invent digital music players. It takes a lot of concepts

and repurpose them, repackage them, make them beautiful and everybody wants to have them. They always had a way to take technology and make it again affordable and easy to use and therefore popular.

单词预习案
自测题(注意词性词形变化) evolution 1.演变,发展,变化n. drawback 2.缺点,不利条件 3.原理,法则;行为准则 principle 4.制造,建造v. construct 建筑物n. construction 5.可使用的,可接触的,易理解的, 可到达的adj. accessible n.使用权 access 6.组成部分,成分n. component 7.最后,终于adv. eventually 最终的adj. eventual

8.预料,预见 foresee pt. foresaw pp. foreseen 9.专利权,专利证书 patent 10.适应,改编本n. adaptation 适应,改编v. adapt 11.怀疑的 sceptical 12.非正式的,随便的,漫不经心的 casual 13.保险,保障措施n. insurance 确保,投保v. insure 14.显然的,显而易见的 obvious

6.对……作出贡献 contribute to… the phrases. in colour 13.彩色的 14.黑白电视 black-and-white TV 19.比……好;优于 be superior to have access to… 22.有机会使用… come on to the market 25.上市 respond to questionnaires 26.做问卷调查 chat to other viewers 27.与其他观众聊天 be wound up by hand 32.被手动上发条 an electric current 38.电流 45.声音数字化. Sound goes digital. as the name indicates 52.正如名称所示 16.花了50年才有66%的美 It took 50 years before 66percent of 国家庭拥有了它. American households had it.

Underline

title.影像和声音设备的发展 the evolution of video and sound devices

L3.定期向公众播放 regular public broadcasting L4.之后不久 shortly afterwards L7.使用由…开发的系统
using a system developed by L9.在电视的发展上取得了重大突破 make important breakthroughs in the development of TV

L10.由法恩斯沃斯首先发现的原理 the principles first discovered by Farnsworth L12.直到1938才(强调句) It was not until 1938 that

L20.被现场直播 be broadcast live L21.使得远离城市的人们也能收看电视 make TV accessible to people who live far away from cities L22.可以看见卫星天线分布在 satellite dishes can be seen distributed L24.受益于卫星电视 benefit from satellite TV L29.把(声音或图像)录制在…上 record on L30.使用唱片来代替圆管 use discs as alternatives to tubes L31. 手摇上发条 be wound up by hand L39.便携式盒式磁带录音机 portable cassette players

L47.随着数字技术的发展 With the development of digital technology L49.某种形式的便携式存储设备 some form of portable storage L51.跟上步伐 keep pace with

Sentence study
Translate the following sentences into Chinese.

1. Modern TVs use many of the principles first discovered by Parnsworth(line 10) 2. It took more than 2 decades, though, until 1951, for regular color TV broadcasts to begin in the USA.(line 13) 3. Satellites were used to broadcast TV beginning in 1962. (line 19) 4. However, most people still benefit from satellite TV, as local TV companies broadcast the signals they get from satellite receivers to the population living nearby(line 24) 5. The first record players had to be wound up by hand and only played records that were 2 minutes long.(line 31) 6. Most early recorders employed steel tape to record on, which made them heavy and difficult to use, or paper tape, which was easier to use but often broke.(line 35)

Key points

1.John Logie Baird consturcted the first color TV in 1928, but it was not until 1938 that the first color TV programme was broadcast.(Line 12) 本句中not?until用于强调句型,其结构为:

It is /was not until… that…

It was not until midnight that I went to sleep. 我直到半夜才得以入睡。 It was not until yesterday that I learned that YaoMing had retired. 直到昨天我才获悉姚明已经退役了。 It is not until you really lose sth that you finally realize 有些东西只有你在真正失去的时候才会感到 它对你是如此的重要。 how important it means to you.

“Not until+时间状语”置于句首,主谓要用部分倒装语序。 Not until after the war did he return home. Not until next week will the sports meeting be held. Not until he had graduated from the university did he realize the importance of time.

2.It took more than 2 decades, though, until 1951, for regular color TV broadcasts to begin in the USA. (line 13) (1)It takes sb some time to do sth It takes some time for sb to do sth 修房子花了我三天的时间。 完成这项工作花了我一个星期的时间。

(2)though 在本句中作副词,意思是“不过,然而。” 常位于句末,有时也可以放在句子中间。

He said he would come; he didn’t, though. I am suffering from a cold. Nothing serious, though.

though 做连词, =although 意思是“虽然,尽管。” 不可以和 but 连用,但是可以和_______, _______ 连用。

Though he joined the company only 2 years ago, he had already held an important position. Though it was late at night, he was still working.

though 可以用于倒装句,=as 引导的让步状语从句. although不用此结构。

Child as/though he is, he knows a lot. Young as/though he is, he can speak perfect English. Try as/though he may, he still can’t pass the exam.

3.Satellites allow TV to be broadcast live over vast distance with everyone receiving the same broadcast at the same time. (line 19)

with的复合结构

她含着泪说了声“再见” 他开着窗户睡觉。 他低着头站在老师面前。 由于没有可说话的人,约翰感到难受。 自行车被偷了,她只好步行回家。

allow sb to do sth

使…成为可能

What can the new technology be often used in our lives?

Technology

Usage as a typewriter / tape recorder / VCD player / notebook / calendar / telephone / calculator as a library / magazine / TV / telephone / bank / store

Computer The Internet

as a telephone / watch / calendar / Cell-phone camera / computer

Information for good measure
Under the leadership of Steve Jobs, Apple has produced products that have change the way people around the world communicate, obtain information and enter themselves. Whether they’re iPods, iPhones or iPads, they have become a part of daily life for around the world. Jobs actually changed the way that we download music, changed the way that we use headsets, and also changed the way that we use computers. Apple didn’t invent personal computers, it didn’t invent the mouse and windows interface, it didn’t invent digital music players. It takes a lot of concepts

and repurpose them, repackage them, make them beautiful and everybody wants to have them. They always had a way to take technology and make it again affordable and easy to use and therefore popular.

Fast reading

Early (2) of TV
TV The modern age: (3) TV

(in (4) order) The (1) of video Early history of sound recorders and sound (5) and (6) and video recorders devices sound Sound and video go (7) devices The future (by (8) of devices)

Reading strategy on Page 3

Structure of the passage
Part I Part II TV Sound and video devices

Careful Reading

?

?

Part I 1.When and where was the first long-distance TV broadcast made?
2.Who might be the inventor of the first TV? A. Emile Berliner from Germany B. Philo Farnsworth in the USA. C. John Logie Baird in the UK D. It remains uncertain.

Part II From the history of sond and video recorders, we can know except that_________. A.They are becoming smaller and smaller in size. B.Technology is changing faster than most people can keep pace with. C. The digital devices are better than traditional devices D. We can surely forsee that the future technology will bring us.

The passage is organized _________. A.by sub-topics B.in time order C.by concepts D.by paragraphs

Complete the table
Complete the following table by filling in the event happening in a

particular year.

Year
1877 1887 1925 1929 1938 1962 1967 1982 1993 1995

Event
The first recording of a human voice was made.

Year 1877 1887

Event The first recording of a human voice was made. Emile Berliner invented a record player that used discs to record on. The first public TV broadcasts were made, in the USA. Regular public broadcasting began in London.

1925 1929

1938

The first colour TV programe was broadcast. Satellites were used to broadcast TV.

1962 1967

Regular colour TV broadcasts began in the UK. The first CDs were made available.

1982

Year
1993 1995

Event
The VCD was born. The DVD was invented.

Year
1979 1982 1986 1987 1992

Event The Walkman was introduced. The first CDs produced by using digital technology were made available. Walkman was added to the Oxford English dictionary. Development of MP3 technology started in Germany. The MD player was developed.

Sum-up The ____ public TV broadcasts were made in 1925.Three years ______, there was long-distance TV broadcast ______ by regular public broadcasting first in New York and in the next year in London. Many people ______ to the development of TV. John Baird _______ the first color TV in 1928. But it was not until 1938 that the first color TV programme was_________. Satellites were used to broadcast Tv in 1962, and now many people get information from satellite TV.

The ________ of sound and recorders started with Thomas Edison’s first _____of a human voice, and then moved on different kind of tape recorders, and the first CDs were made ______ in the 1980s. Soon DVDs and TVs will become the past things. Who can forsee what the future will bring?

Language points

Word study

1. However, his system was very primitive and had many drawbacks.(line 8) A. disagreements B. disadvantages C. disabilities 2. John Baird constructed the first color TV in 1928. ( line 12) A. collected B. instructed C. made 3. Regular color TV broadcasts were delayed in the Uk until 1967.(line 14) A. held over B. defeated C. rebuilt 4. They also make TV accessible to people who live far away from…(line 21) A. convenient for B. available for C. possible for 5. Meanwhile, elecrical components eventually became so small that..(line 38) A. initially B. temporarily C.finally

6. Sound and video can now be stored on a PC, on the internet, or….(line 48) A. reserved B. shopped C. started 7. Who can foresee what the future will bring? ( line 51) A. forecast B. retell C. approve 8. Since people were sceptical that the public would want to ..(line 10 page 5) A. thankful B. doubtful C. believable.

Sentence study
Translate the following sentences into Chinese.

1. Modern TVs use many of the principles first discovered by Parnsworth(line 10) 2. It took more than 2 decades, though, until 1951, for regular color TV broadcasts to begin in the USA.(line 13) 3. Satellites were used to broadcast TV beginning in 1962. (line 19) 4. However, most people still benefit from satellite TV, as local TV companies broadcast the signals they get from satellite receivers to the population living nearby(line 24) 5. The first record players had to be wound up by hand and only played records that were 2 minutes long.(line 31) 6. Most early recorders employed steel tape to record on, which made them heavy and difficult to use, or paper tape, which was easier to use but often broke.(line 35)

Key points

1.John Logie Baird consturcted the first color TV in 1928, but it was not until 1938 that the first color TV programme was broadcast.(Line 12) 本句中not?until用于强调句型,其结构为:

It is /was not until… that…

It was not until midnight that I went to sleep. 我直到半夜才得以入睡。 It was not until yesterday that I learned that YaoMing had retired. 直到昨天我才获悉姚明已经退役了。 It is not until you really lose sth that you finally realize 有些东西只有你在真正失去的时候才会感到 它对你是如此的重要。 how important it means to you.

“Not until+时间状语”置于句首,主谓要用部分倒装语序。 Not until after the war did he return home. Not until next week will the sports meeting be held. Not until he had graduated from the university did he realize the importance of time.

2.It took more than 2 decades, though, until 1951, for regular color TV broadcasts to begin in the USA. (line 13) (1)It takes sb some time to do sth It takes some time for sb to do sth 修房子花了我三天的时间。 完成这项工作花了我一个星期的时间。

(2)though 在本句中作副词,意思是“不过,然而。” 常位于句末,有时也可以放在句子中间。

He said he would come; he didn’t, though. I am suffering from a cold. Nothing serious, though.

though 做连词, =although 意思是“虽然,尽管。” 不可以和 but 连用,但是可以和_______, _______ 连用。

Though he joined the company only 2 years ago, he had already held an important position. Though it was late at night, he was still working.

though 可以用于倒装句,=as 引导的让步状语从句. although不用此结构。

Child as/though he is, he knows a lot. Young as/though he is, he can speak perfect English. Try as/though he may, he still can’t pass the exam.

3.Satellites allow TV to be broadcast live over vast distance with everyone receiving the same broadcast at the same time (line 19)

with的复合结构

她含着泪说了声“再见” 他开着窗户睡觉。 他低着头站在老师面前。 由于没有可说话的人,约翰感到难受。 自行车被偷了,她只好步行回家。

allow sb to do sth

使…成为可能

4. They also make TV accessible to people who live far away from cities, and satellites dishes can often be seen distributed throughout the countryside and remote areas.(line 21)

分析此句句子结构

5. Meanwhile, electrical components eventually became so small that, by the late 1960s, portable cassette players were developed, along with video recorders which were used by stations.(line 38)

分析此句句子结构

我们太累了,无法再往前行。 这桥是这样设计的,可以在中间打开。 她起得早,结果赶上了早班车。 为了赶上早班车,她起得很早。

Practice:

1.You must return the book to me today. There will be no excuse for any future______ A. response B. hesitation C. delay D. loss 2.With all the problems ______as expected, the manager felt rather satisfied. A. had been settled B. being settled C. settled D. to settle 3. At the beginning of the new term, the teacher asked several students to help______the new books to the students in the class. A. publish B. distribute C. represent D. treasure

4. Even pets are sometimes sick, and _______ we do lose them, which brings us great sadness. A. actually B. eventurally C. besides D. suddenly 5.My daughter is always working hard, which will surely_______ her future success in her career. A. devote to B. relate to C. belong to D. contribute to 6. ----Did you remember the days____ we worked on the farm? ---- Certainly. Especially the hard times ______ we spent together. A. which, when B. when, when C. when, which D. which, which 7.----When did you get the news? ---- Oh, it was _____ I watch TV ____ I knew he’s dead. A. until; that B. until; when C. when; until D. not until; that


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