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牛津英语高二 M6U4单词讲解 分析


Module 6 Unit 4 The UN—bringing everyone closer together Words and expressions (1)
Self study 1. lack 缺乏,没有 1) n. (a) lack of…→for lack of…因为缺少… 2)vt. lack sth 3) vi. lack for (nothing)

4) lacking adj. be lacking in… be short(adj.) of…→shortage n. 2. refer to (-red/-ring) 1)谈及/提到 2)指称/指的是 3)refer to…as…称…为… 4)查阅/参考 refer to the dictionary =consult the dictionary =look up sth. in the dictionary reference n. 参考,参照 reference book;for reference 以供参考;with/in reference to Have you heard of the writer ________________ at the meeting? Are you __________________ me? 3. ambassador n.大使→Goodwill Ambassador→embassy n. 大使馆 4. description n.描写, 记述, 形容, 种类, 描述 describe vt. 描述,形容,描绘 a vivid description 生动的描写 a person of that description 那类人 give a description of 描述 beyond description=be lost for words 难以描写.难以形容 5. political adj.政治的;政府的 politics n.政治 political economy 政治经济学 6. Sth. be worth doing=Sth. be worthy of being done / to be done = It is worthwhile to do sth. / doing sth. = Sth. be worth doing 值得做…… 7. victim n. 受害者 victims of war.战争受害者 become the victim of... =fall a victim to...成为...的牺牲品 8. in addition: additionally=besides 也;另外,加之 in addition to: aside from; besides;apart from 加于…之上;除…之外又 9. equal 1) adj.平等的/相等的→be equal to 2)adj. 胜任的 be equal/up to (doing) sth 3) n.同等/媲美的人=match 4)vt.等于 5)vt.比得上=match=compare with equally adv. 平等地,公平地,同样地→equality n. 平等,相等 She has no equal/match in English. No one can equal/match/compare with her in English. You should treat us two equally. 10. volunteer 1) n.[c] 志愿者(for sth) 2) v. volunteer for sth/to do sth→voluntary adj. 11. draw someone's attention to something 促使某人注意某事 devote one's attention to 专心于, 对...注意 focus/concentrate one’s attention on with attention 留心地, 注意地 12. contribute to 捐款;贡献;投稿;是……促成因素 13. acquire vt. 够得;获得,得到 acquire knowledge of…求得...的知识 We must work hard to acquire a good knowledge of English. We must cherish experience acquired at the cost of blood. 14. expand vi.&vt.扩展,发展;扩大,增强 expansion n. expand one's knowledge of foreign countries 扩大个人对外国的知识 The writer expanded his short novel into a long one. expand in/into….把...扩展[发展, 膨胀]expand on 细说, 阐述 15. under the umbrella of 在…的保护/管理下
1

→under the charge/control/guidance/direction of… 16. urgent adj. 紧急的,紧迫的 an urgent message 急迫的口信 an urgent call/problem be in urgent need of 急需 be urgent for sb. (to do)急切地催促某人 (做) be urgent with sb. for to do 坚持要求某人(做) urge v.→urgency n.→urgent adj. 17. die of starvation 饿死 starve v. starve to do sth. starve for sth. 18. boil vi.&vt.沸腾,煮沸 boiling water boiled water The idea made me boil.这个主意让我大为激动 19. a carpet of leaves 一层厚厚的落叶 20. woolgrower n. 养羊者 wool man n. 羊毛商 woollike adj. 羊毛状的, 类似羊的 pull/draw the wool over sb.’s eyes 蒙蔽某人, 欺骗某人 21. fetch vt. 售得,卖得(某价);取来,去拿来 fetch=go and bring 去拿/取来→fetch sb sth=fetch sth for sb 22. Export n.&v.&adj.出口产品;出口,输出;出口的, 外销的, 出口品的 invisible exports 无形输出(指船舶、保险、国外投资等的收入) They are engaged in import and export.他们做进出口贸易。 The export of gold is forbidden.禁止黄金出口。 Many raw materials are exported to foreign countries.许多原材料输出到外国。 23. alternative adj.&n. 可供选择的;可供选择的事物 There are several alternatives to your plan. 24. remote adj.1) (空间上)遥远/偏僻的 a remote place/village 2) (时间上)遥远的 remote ancestor 3)(关系/态度上)淡薄/疏远的 His idea is remote from reality. be remote(far away,apart) from… remote control 遥控 25. charity n.1) [u] 慈悲/宽容 show charity to sb 2) [u]&[c] 慈善/施舍/慈善团体 ask/beg for charity 祈求布施/施舍; give charity to the poor 赈济穷人 a charity performance 义演;charity collections 善款 charitable adj.仁慈的,宽容的 be charitable to sb. Self assessment Fill in the blanks with proper words. 1. It happened in the r_______ past, so no one worries about it any more. 2. She does v_________ work for the Red Cross two days ago. 3. Could you f______ me my glasses from the other roo,. 4. We have to ________ the size of the image. 5. In his speech, he r_________ to a recent trip to Canada. 6. The most ______(紧急的) thing in a fire is to make sure everyone is out of the building. 7. Despite his l______ of experience, he got the job. 8. Police have issued a __________(描述) of the man aged between fifty and sixty.


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