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2017高考英语一轮复习 Unit 4 Wildlife Protection练习 新人教版必修2


Unit 4 Wildlife Protection
新题型 【2016 高考训练】任务型阅读: (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。 You want to be confident and feel confident, but what if you're sta

rting with little or no confidence? True self-confidence isn't an overnight acquisition. It takes dedication to realize you are a good human being that is worthy of respect and love. Recognize your insecurities What does that voice in the back of your mind say? Why do you feel uncomfortable or ashamed of yourself? This could be anything from regrets to friends at school or negative experience. Whatever is making you feel unworthy, or ashamed, identify it, give it a name, and write it down. You can also tear these written pieces to start feeling positive on those points. Get rid of insecurities gradually Each day you should weaken it. There's no quick fix. Get to the root of the problem; focus on it and understand that you need to resolve each issue before you can move on. Check if it is an old past emotion and if it is really still relevant or applicable in your life today. And that does not mean you have to get rid of whatever makes you feel bad (many times, you simply can't). You need to learn to accept yourself, your past, your circumstances as they are, without necessarily thinking of them as “bad”. Identify your successes Everyone is good at something, so discover the things at which you do extremely well, then focus on your talents. Give yourself permission to be proud of them. Give yourself credit for your successes. Inferiority (自卑) is a state of mind in which you've declared yourself a victim. Do not allow yourself to be victimized. Be Positive Avoid self-pity, or the pity and sympathy of others. Never allow others to make you feel inferior—they can only do so if you let them. If you continue to dislike

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and look down upon yourself, others are going to do and believe likewise. Instead, speak in a positive way about yourself, about your future, and about your progress. Do not be afraid to show your strengths and qualities to others. By doing so, you strengthen those ideas in your mind and encourage your growth in a positive direction. Apply “facial feedback theory” Studies surrounding what’s called the "facial feedback theory" suggest that the expressions on your face can actually encourage your brain to express certain emotions. So look in the mirror and smile every day, and you might feel happier with yourself and more confident in the long run. Help others When you know you’re of help to the people around you, and are making a positive difference in other people’s lives (even if it's just being kinder to the person who serves you coffee in the morning), you'll know that you are a positive force in the world—which will boost yourself confidence. Now, dear friends, will you let confidence keep you company? Be confident, and accomplishing your goals will be just around the corner. Title: The ways to become confident Specific ways Recognizing insecurities Supporting details Find out what(1) ashamed, forget it and feel positive. (2) ▲ Find out the (3) ▲ of problems, resolve them ▲ you are. ▲ in them and ▲ you uncomfortable or

insecurities gradually Identifying successes

and learn to accept (4)

Find out your talents, take (5)

praise yourself for your successes. Being positive Speak (6) ▲ about yourself. ▲ by others. ▲

Don’t make yourself (7) Applying “facial

Look in the mirror and smile to gain more (8)

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feedback theory” Helping others Conclusion

____ . Be (9) ▲ to the people around you.

Confidence helps people accomplish goals and become worthy to be (10) loved. 任务型阅读: (每题 1 分) 1makes/leaves; 2.Removing; 3.causes / roots; 4.what;



and

5.pride;

6.positively; 10.respected

7. pitied / sympathized; 8.confidence

9. helpful;

一、单句语法填空 1.(2014·福建,书面表达)Actually,we can't succeed ________ everything we try. 2.He ____________ (employ)in writing a new book these days. 3.What I need is a book that ________ (contain)the ABC of oil painting. 4.(2013·山东,阅读 C)Besides,it would be grounded to protect ________ possible lightning strike. 5.Health is of great ________ (important)in our life. 6.I'd appreciate ________ if you could come and help me once more and I always appreciate ________ (help)me with my English in the past. 7.The whole family ____________ (hunt)for the child since he got lost. 8.(2015·四川,阅读 D)But robins are in danger ________ wearing themselves out by singing too much. 9.His explanation that he is at ________ loss what to do next doesn't hold water. 10.His amusing performance caused a roar of ________ (laugh)in the audience. 答案 1.in 2.has been employed 3.contains 4.from 5.importance

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6.it;helping 7.have been hunting 二、完形填空

8.of 9.a 10.laughter

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从以下题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 Every living thing in an ecosystem depends in some way upon other living and nonliving things in the ecosystem. The living things in an ecosystem are 1.________ producers or consumers. Producers don't eat other living things. Producers make food. Green plants are called primary producers. Plants use nonliving nutrition,such as 2.________ chemicals in soil and water to help them make food. They use energy in sunlight to make food. They also use carbon dioxide in air to make food. Consumers are animals eating 3.________ living things. Animals 4._____ ___ only eat plants are called herbivores(食草动物).Herbivores are primary consumers. Rabbits, mice, 5.________ planteating insects are primary consumers. Animals eating other animals are called carnivores(食肉动物).Carnivores 6.________ bears and hawks are secondary consumers. Ecosystems also have decomposers(分解者).Decomposers break 7.________dead plants, animals and animal wastes. They turn dead material and waste 8.________ chemical nutrition. Plants take in the nutrition with their roots. They use the nutrition to make more food. 【要点综述】 这是一篇说明文,介绍了生物圈里生物之间的依存关系。 1.either 这里是 either?or?的搭配。 2.the chemicals 在这里表示特指,因为其被 in soil and water 修饰。 3.other 消费者是吃其他的(other)生物的动物。 4.that/which 引导定语从句,先行词为 animals,指物用 that 或 which。 5.and rabbit,mice 和 planteating insects 之间是并列关系,所以要用 and。 6.like like 是介词,作“如,像”讲。 7.down break down 是固定短语,意为“分解” ,通常指化学变化。 8.into turn?into?把??变成??

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三、阅读理解 A 2016 高考训练题(由 2014·江西卷 B 改编) HOLIDAY FUN AT THE POWERHOUSE 500 HARRIS STREET ULTIMO ·TELEPHONE (02)9270111 Join in the holiday fun at the powerhouse this month linked to our new exhibition, Evolution & Revolution: Chinese dress 1700s to now. DON’T FORGET our other special event, the Club Med Circus School which is part of the Circus(马戏团) !150 years of circus in Australia exhibition experience! ◆ Chinese Folk Dancing: Colorful Chinese dance and musical performances by The

Chinese Folk Dancing School of Sydney. Dances include: the Golden and the Chinese drum dance. A feature will be the Qin dynasty Emperor’s count dance. Also included is a show of face painting for Beijing opera performances. Sunday 29 June and Wednesday 2 July in the Turbine Hall, at 11.30 am & 1.30 pm. ◆ Australian Chinese Children’s Arts Theatre: Well-known children’s play

experts from Shanghai leas this dynamic youth group. Performance include Chinese fairy tales and plays. Thursday 3 to Sunday 6 July in the Turbine Hall, at 11.30 am & 1.30 pm. ◆ Chinese Youth League: A traditional performing arts group featuring

performance highlights such as Red scarf and Spring flower dances, and a musician playing Er Hu. Sunday 6 to Tuesday 8 July in the Turbine Hall, 11.30 am to 1.30 pm. ◆ Kids Activity : Make a Paper Horse: Young children make a paper horse cut-out.

(The horse is a frequent theme in Chinese painting, including a kind of advancement.) Suitable for ages 8-12 years. Sunday 28 June to Tuesday 8 July in the Turbine Hall, 12.30 pm to 1.00 pm. ◆ Club Med Circus School: Learn circus skills, including the trapeze,

trampolining and magic. Note only for children over 5. There are 40 places available in each 1 hour session and these must be booked at the front desk, level 4, on the day. Tuesday 1 to Saturday 5 July at 11.30am& 1.00pm

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Enjoy unlimited free visits and many other benefits by becoming a Family member of the Powerhouse. Our family memberships cover two adults and all children under the age of 16years at the one address. Members receive Powerline, our monthly magazine, discounts in the shops and restaurants, as well as free admission to the Museum. All this for as little as $50,00 a year! Call (02)9217 0600 for more details. 1. When can you watch the Chinese drum dance? A. On July 2. B. On July 3. C. On July 6. D. On July 8. .

2. To learn the magic tricks, you can go to A. Kids Activity. C. Club Med Circus School.

B. Chinese Youth League. D. Children’s Arts Theatre.

3. what is required if you want to enjoy free visits to the Museum? A. Calling (02)92170600. C. Coming for the holiday fun. B. Gaining family membership. D. Paying powerline $50.00 a year.

4. What is the main purpose of the text? A. To attract visitors. C. To report the performances. B. To present schedules. D. To teach kids Chinese arts.

答案详解 文章大意:本文属于广告类阅读,向读者介绍了 THE POWERHOUSE 中不同的节目的具体信息, 最终的目的还是在于吸引游客去参观或者参与。 1. A。细节题。根据 Chinese Folk Dancing 部分第二行 Dances include: the Golden and the Chinese drum dance.可知包括了 Chinese drum dance。而 Chinese Folk Dancing 的 时间是 Sunday 29 June and Wednesday 2 July in the Turbine Hall, at 11.30 am & 1.30 pm.故 A 项正确,在 July 2.可以欣赏到 Chinese drum dance。 2.C 。细节题。根据 Club Med Circus School:部分第一句 Learn circus skills, including the trapeze, trampolining and magic.可知在这里可以学习到魔术技巧。故 C 正确。 3.B。细节题。根据文章倒数 3,4 行 Enjoy unlimited free visits and many other benefits by becoming a Family member of the Powerhouse. Our family memberships cover two adults and all children under the age of 16years at the one address.可知成为 Powerhouse 的成员就可以获得无限次数的免费参观。故 B 正确。故 C 正确。

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4.A。推理题。本文属于广告类阅读,向读者介绍了 THE POWERHOUSE 中不同的节目的具体信 息,最终的目的还是在于吸引游客去参观或者参与,他们才可以挣钱。故 A 正确。

B 2016 高考训练题。阅读理解。 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 Here’s a movie-a sharp, sugar-rush of fun that’s guaranteed to entertain the entire family. With some terrific computer-generated effects, a great cast and a fun-packed storyline,

Robots is the best animated film(动画片) since The Incredibles. Yep, it really is that
good. Set in a world populated by robots, Ewan McGregor plays Rodney Copperbottom, a young robot who leaves his small-town home to pursue his dream of becoming an inventor. But after arriving in Robot City, his hopes of getting a job at Bigweld Industries are destroyed when he learns the firm has been taken over by the evil Ratchet (Greg Kinnear). Egged on by his controlling mum, Madame Gasket(Jim Broadbent), Ratchet plans to reduce half on Robot City’s citizens to scrap metal by refusing to sell the spare Pans they need to survive. Instead, he wants to make a fortune selling expensive upgrades that few can afford. As he says, “Why be you when you can be new?” Aided by a few misfit robots known as the Rustles-including Robin Williams as the cowardly(胆小的) Fender (“I’m made of a metal called Afraidium”)-Rodney must track down the firm’s founder, Bigweld(Mel Brooks), and convince him to save the city from Ratchet’s plans. The first thing that’ll strike you about the movie is the thought that’s gone into creating Robot City. It’s a wondrous world full of mechanical marvels including wind-up cars and walking streetlamps. Also terrific are the special effects. This might be animated movie but at times you’ll catch yourself thinking it’s really a live-action film. Of course, there have been plenty of animated movies that looked the part but were

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let down by a weak storyline(see Shark Tale, for example). But Robots grips(扣人心弦)right from the start thanks to a heart-warming and thoroughly engaging plot that never bores. My only complaints are with Williams who, as usual, has a one-in-10 success rate with his jokes. Also a letdown is a romantic subplot between Rodney and a shapely robot called Cappy(Halle Berry)that doesn’t go anywhere. Complains aside, this is a mechanical marvel that’ll have you bolted firmly to your seat. BEST QUOTE(引述):Fender:“Even though you had a discouraging day, just remember there’s another one coming tomorrow. BEST BIT:Check out those amazing images. WORST BIT:Robin Williams’ character does an unfunny Britney Spears dance routine. IF YOU LIKED?Ice Age, The Incredibles, Toy Story?YOU’LL LIKE THIS. 1. This piece of writing is a _____. A. commercial advertisement essay 2. The cast Of Robots is made up of all the following actors or actresses EXCEPT ______. A. Ewan McGregor B. Robin Williams C. Britney Spears D. Halle Berry B. film review C. movie poster D. 1iterary

3. What is Shark Tale an example of? A great cast. animation. 参考答案 1—3、BCB B. A poor plot. C. Special effects. D. Clumsy

四、七选五 【长春市普通高中 2016 届高三质量监测(一) 】 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余选项。 36 What we consider polite at home isn’t always accepted outside our

borders. Don’t be regarded rude or disrespectful on your travels. Gift giving should be a happy, positive experience. 37 Giving sharp, pointy

objects as gifts is considered unlucky. Be careful when presenting flowers in Russia. Yellow flowers suggest cheat or a relationship breakup. 38 Writing cards or

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notes while visiting South Korea, be mindful of your pen’s ink color. Writing a person’s name in red ink traditionally suggests that the person has passed away. 39 If you are invited over to someone’s home for a meal, it’s recommended

that you arrive 10 to 15 minutes later than the requested time. When having a meal in Egypt, don’t use the saltshaker (调味瓶). Spreading salt on your food means you find the meal terrible. Japan is a very polite nation, and their politeness extends to the mealtime use of chopsticks. It’s considered ill-mannered to point or play with food with chopsticks. 40 Using the end that touches your mouth is extremely

offensive (冒犯的), not to mention unhygienic (不卫生的).

A. When selecting a present in the Netherlands, don’t buy kitchen knives or scissors. B. Punctuality is considered to be good manners all over the world. C. When traveling, it’s important to learn about the customs of the global village. D. Red carnations(康乃馨)are usually presented to Mothers. E. While eating, use the opposite end of your chopsticks to secure food from a shared plate. F. Being early or on time is viewed as being rude in Venezuela. G. Traditionally, red carnations are placed on the tombs of the dead. 【参考答案】 【语篇解读】本文是一篇议论文,告知读者在学习外语上勤奋比天赋更加重要。 36.C【命题立意】考查学生对文章主旨大意的理解能力。 【试题解析】 由本段后两句“What we consider polite at home isn’t always accepted outside our borders. Don’t be regarded rude or disrespectful on your travels.”及全文内容,可知答案为 C。 37.A【命题立意】考查学生对上下文顺承关系的理解能力。 【试题解析】根据下文“Giving sharp, pointy objects as gifts is considered unlucky.”, 可知答案为 A。 38.G【命题立意】考查学生对上下文顺承关系的理解能力。 【试题解析】 根据上文“Yellow flowers suggest cheat or a relationship breakup.” 可知此处为阐述花的颜色,可知答案为 G。 39.F【命题立意】考查学生对上下文顺承关系的理解能力。 【试题解析】根据本段第二句 “If you are invited over to someone’s home for a

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meal, it’s recommended that you arrive 10 to 15 minutes later than the requested time.”可知此处阐述的是赴宴的时间,可知答案为 F。 40.E【命题立意】考查学生上下文顺承关系的理解能力。 【试题解析】根据本句上下文可知,此处阐述的是有关使用筷子的礼仪,可知答案 为 E。

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