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2013高考英语二轮复习精品资料专题11 状语从句(教学案,学生版)


【2013 高考考纲解读】 状语从句包括时间状语从句,地点状语从句,条件状语从句,让步状语从句,原因状 语从句,目的状语从句和结果状语从句。状语从句的考查主要集中在连接词的掌握上,尤其 要掌握 until, before, since, when, in case 等的各种语义功能和语法功能。 【重点知识整合】 一、时间状语从句 1.when.while 与 as (1) whe

n 既可接一个持续性动作,也可接一个短暂性动作,可用于主句和从句动作同时 发生或从句动作先于主句动作发生的场合。 (2) while 从句的动作必须是持续性的,侧重主句动作和从句动作的对比。
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(3)as 后接一个持续性动作,多用于主句和从句动作同时发生,常译为 “一边……,一 边……”。 When the film ended, the people went back. 电影一结束,人们便回去了。 Please don't talk so loud while others are working. 别人在工作时,请别这么大声谈话。 He hurried home, looking behind as he went. 他匆匆忙忙回家去,一边走一边回头望。
注意: ①如果主句表示的是短暂性动作,而从句用延续性动词的进行时态表示在一段时间内正在进行的动作时, when,while与as可互换使用。 When/While/As l was walking down the street,I came across an old friend of mine. 当我沿着街走的时候,遇见了一个老朋友。 ②while可作并列连词,表示对比,意为“而,却”。 He is a worker while I am a doctor.他是工人而我是医生。 ③when可连接并列句,意为“就在那时”(=and then或and at that time),常用于以下句式: 联系地址:北京市房山区星城北里综合办公楼(学科网) 邮政编码:102413 电话:010-58425255/6/7 传真:010-89313898 1

doing sth. sb.was about to do sth. on the point of doing sth. just going to do sth. The baby was on the point of crying when her mother came home.那婴儿刚要哭,这时她母亲回家了。 I was just going to explain when the bell rang. 我正要解释,突然钟声响了。 when...

2.名词短语引导的时间状语从句 the time/moment/minute/instant/the day/the year/the first/second time,each/every time/next time/any time. The day he returned home, his father was already dead. 他回到家的那天,他父亲已经去世了。 Every time I seehim,he is working hard. 我每次见到他,他都在努力工作。 3.as soon as, immediately, directly, the moment, the minute,no sooner.., than..., hardly/scarcely.., when..., once (一……就……). 这些从属连词引导的从句都表示从句的动作一旦发生, 主句的动作就随即发生, 常意为 “一……就……”。从句中用一般时态代替将来时态。 Once you remember it, you'll never forget it. 你一旦记住了它,就永远不会忘记。 、 The moment I heard the voice,I knew Father was coming. 一听到这个声音我就知道父亲来了。 No sooner had we arrived at the station than the train left. 我们刚到车站火车就开走了。 The boy burst into tears immediately he saw his mother. 一看到母亲,男孩就突然大哭起来。
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注意:no sooner.., than...与 hardly/scarcely.., when...这些结构的时态搭配:主句谓语动词 应用过去完成时,而 than 与 when 引导的从句应用一般过去时。此外,当把 no sooner 和 hardly/scareely 提到句首时,主句应用部分倒装语序。 I had hardly got home when it began to rain. Hardly had I got home when it began to rain. 我刚到家天就下起雨来。 4.till.until 与 not.., until (1)肯定句:主句谓语动词必须是延续性动词,主句、从句都为肯定式,意为“某动作一 直延续到某时间点才停止”。 He remained there until she arrived. 他一直在那儿直到她来。 (2)否定句:主句谓语动词必须是非延续性动词,从句为肯定式,意为“某动作直到某时 间才开始”。 She won't go to bed till/until her mother returns. 直到妈妈回来她才上床睡觉。 (3)句首多用 until,不用 till;在强调结构中或与 not 连用时,多用 until,不用 till。 (4)not... until...的句式变换。 It was not until you told me that I had any idea of it.(强调句型) Not until you told me did I have any idea of it.(not until 置于句首,主句用部分倒装) 直到你告诉我,我才对它有点儿印象。 5.before 与 since (1)若表达“还未……就……;不到……就……;……才……,趁,还没来得及”时,须 用连词 before。 The train had atready left before I arrived. 火车已经开走了我才到。 (2)It will be+段时间+before...多久之后才…… It will be half a year before I come back. 还有半年我就回来了。 It won't be long before we meet again.
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离我们再见面不会很久了。 (3)since 从句的谓语动词一般是非延续性动词,如果从句的谓语动词是延续性的,或是 状态动词,若其时态是一般过去时,则时间的起点应从动作的完成或状态的结束时算起。 I haven't heard from him since he lived here. 从他不住这儿起,我一直没有收到他的信。 如果从句时态是现在完成时,则时间的起点应从动 作的发生或状态开始时算起。试比 较: I've written her 20 letters since I have been here. 自从我到这儿来(从开始算起) ,我已经给她写了 20 封信了。 I have written her 20 letters since l was here. 自从我离开这儿以来(从结束算起) ,我已经给她写了 20 封信了。 (4)在“It is+段时间+since 从句”句型中,时间的计算一律从 since 从句的动作完成或状态 结束时算起。 It is three years since the war broke out. 自从战争爆发以来有 3 年了。 It is three years since she was in our class. 她离开我们班有 3 年了。 It is three years since he lived here.他不在这儿住有 3 年了。 It is three years since I smoked (----since I stopped smoking). 我不吸烟有 3 年了。 如果要表达“我吸烟有 3 年了”应为: It is three years since I began to smoke. 二、地点状语从句 1 .引导地点状语从句的连词有: where , wherever , anywhere , everywhere , nowhere 等。 You can go anywhere you like.你可以去任何你想去的地方。 Wherever there is smoke,there is a fire. 无火不生烟(无风不起浪) 。 2.地点状语从句与定语从句的转化:地点状语从句只要在 where 前加上 to/in/from the
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place,便可变为定语从句。 Make marks where you have questions. (状语从句) Make marks in places where you have questions. (定语从句) 在你有问题的地方标注记号。

三、原因状语从句 1.引导原因状语从句的从属连词有:because.since,now that,seeing that,considering that,每个连词的含义不尽相同。 2. because,as 与 since/now that
能否回答 区别 位置 内涵 语气 why because 主句前或后 因为 as由于 主句前或后 since/ now that 既然 主句前 双方都知道 的原因 弱 不能 不能 直接因果关系 强 能 能 能否被强调

——Why are you absent from the meeting? 你为什么没有参加会议? ——Because I am ill.
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As it is r aining,we should not go to the park. 由于下雨,我们不该去公园了。 Now that/Since everybody is here, let's begin our meeting. 既然大家都在这儿,咱们开始开会吧。 【例】——Did you return Fred's call?
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——I didn't need to _____ I’ll see him tomorrow. A. though
注意: (1) for作连词也有“因为”的意思,但for是并列连词,连接并列分句。 We should be more Careful,for it is already dark. 天色已晚,我们应更小心些。 (2) when也可引导原因状语从句,意为“既然”。 How can he succeed when he won't work? 既然他不肯工作,那他怎么会成功呢? (3)一些介词短语可表示原因:because of,thanks to,due to, owing to等。

B.unless

C.when

D.because

四、目的状语从句 引导目的状语从句的从属连词(词组)有:so that,i n order that,for fear that,in case,lest 等。 1. in order that与so that . 两个连词(词组)都意为“以便”….;为了……”,引导的状语从句中须用may (might), can (could),will (would)等情态动词。in order that比so that正式,引导的状语从句可置于主句 之前或之后;丽so that引导的从苛负能置于主句之后。 I'll speak slowly so that you can understand me. 我会慢慢地说,以便你能理解我。 In order that we might see the sunrise, we started for the peak early.为了能看到日出,我们 早早地就向山顶出发了。 2.for fear that,in case 与lest. 这些从属连词(词组)引导的目的状语从句中谓语动词要用(should+)动词原形,它本 身带有否定意义,相当于so that...not…或in order that… not…。 The boy hid himself behind the tree in case/for fear that his father should see him. 这个男孩躲在树后,以免他的父亲看到他。 Take your raincoat in case/lest it should rain. 带着你的雨衣以免下雨。
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目的状语从句可用so as to,in order to等不定式来替换,但主句与从句主语须一致。 He ran fast so that he might arrive there before ten o'clock. =He ran fast so as to arrive there before ten o'clock. 他快跑以便在10点以前赶到那里。 如果主句与从句的主语不一致,要用for引导不定式的逻辑主语。 My mother gets up early every morning to cook breakfast so that I can go to school on time. …so as for me/in order for me to go to school on time. 妈妈每天早晨早起做早饭,以便我能按时到校。

五、结果状语从句 1.引导结果状语从句的从属连词有:so that,so…that…,such...that...。 2.在非正式语体中,由 so…that…,such...that...引导的句子中 that 可以省略,注意 其结构形式: so+形容词/副词+that 从句 so+形容词+a/an+可数名词单数形式+that 从句 so+many/much/few/little(少的)+名词+that 从句 such+a/an+形容词十可数名词单数形式+that 从句 such+形容词十可数名词复数形式/不可数名词+that 从句 such+a lot of/lots of+名词+that 从句、 Mike is such an honest worker .that we all believe him: Mike is so honest a worker that we all believe him. 迈克是如此诚实的一个工人,以至于我们都相信他。 It is such fine weather that we all want to go to the park. 天气如此好,以至于我们都想去公园. 。 He earned so little money that he couldn't support his family. 他挣的钱如此少,以至于不能养家糊口。 3.so 或 such 置于句首,主句用倒装语序。 So excited was he that he could not fall into sleep. 他太激动了,以至于不能入睡。 4.too…to…,enough to...,so…as to…等也可表示结果。
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He got up too late to catch the bus. He got up so late as to miss the bus. He didn't get up early enough to catch the bus. 他起得很晚没有赶上公共汽车。 六、条件状语从句 引导条件状语从句的从属连词有:if,unless(一 if. . .not 除非) ,so (as) long as (只要) ,in case(万一) ,on condition that(条件是) ,suppose/supposing(假设,用于问句) , provided/providing that 等。 You'll fail the exam unless you study hard. (…if you don't study hard.) 如果你不努力学习,考试就会不及格。 As long as you don't lose h eart,you will succeed. 只要你不失去信心,你就会成功的。 Suppose/Supposing (that) they refuse us, who else can we turn to for help? 假设他们拒绝了我们,我们该向谁寻求帮助? In case there is a fire,what will you do first? 万一发生火灾,你会先做什么?

七、方式状语从句 引导方式状语从句的从属连词有:as,as if,as though。 1. 当 as if/though 引导的方式状语从句所表示的情况是事实或具有很大的可能性时, 通常用陈述语气。 I feel as if I have a fever.我觉得我好像发烧了。
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2.当从句中所表示的情况不是事实时,通常用虚拟语气,现在的情况用过去时态, 过去的情况用过去完成时。 Do as you are told to,or you'll be fired.1 按照告诉你的那样做,否则你就会被解雇。 The old lady treats the boy as if he were her own son. 那位老妇人对待那个男孩就好像他是她自己的儿子。 八、让步状语从句 1.although/though(尽管,虽然) ,even though/even if(即使) ,as(虽然)等引导让 步状语从句。 (1) although 与 though although 与 though 意思相同,一般可互换,都可以与 yet,still 或 nevertheless 连用, 但不能和 but 连用。 He is unhappy though/although he has a lot of money. 虽然他有很多钱,他并不快乐。 Although/Though it was raining hard, yet they went on playing football.虽然雨下得很大, 他 们仍然继续踢足球。
注意: ①though还可用作副词,意为“可是,然而”,置于句末。 He said he would come;he didn't,though. 他说他会来,可是他没有来。 ②though引导的让步状语从句还可用于倒装结构,此时用法同as。

(2)as as 引导的从句一般放在主句之前,须用倒装语序。从句中的表语、状语或动词原形置 于句首。若表语是可数名词单数,前置时要省略不定冠词。 Child as he is,he knows a lot. 尽管他是个孩子,却懂得很多。
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Much as I like it,I won't buy it,for it's too expensive. 虽然我很喜欢它,但我不会买的,因为它太贵了。 Try as he might,he could not find a job. 不管他怎样努力,他还是找不到工作。 (3)even though/even if 这两个连接词引导的从句表示更强的让步,常译为“再退一步说”,有时可用虚拟语气。 Even though/Even if you say so,I don't believe it. 即使你那么说,我也不信。 Even if l were busy,I would go to see you off. 即使忙我也要去给你送行。 2. whether.., or... (不管……还是……) ; 疑问词+ever 与 no matter+疑问词 (不管……; 无论……)引导让步状语从句。 Whether you believe it or not,it is true. 不管你信还是不信,它是真的。 Whatever(一 No matter what)you say, he won't believe you.不管你说什么,他都不会相信你。 Whoever you are(一 No matter who you are), you must obey the rules.不管你是谁,都必须遵守规则。 注意: whoever, whatever, whomever 与 whichever 还可以引导名词性从句。 而 No matter+ 疑问词只引导让步状语从句。 You can take whatever you like.(宾语从句) 喜欢什么,你就拿什么。 3.有时 when 和 while 也可引导让步状语从句。 While he was respected,he was not liked. 他虽受到尊敬,但没有受到喜爱。 He walks when he might ride.他虽有车可坐,却还是步行。 九、由分词转化成的连词 1.现在分词 由现在分词转化成的连词有:seeing 考虑到;supposing 即使,如果;providing 如果;
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considering 考虑到;granting 即使。 He can stay here providing he works. 如果他工作的话,他可以留在这儿。 Granting that you've made some progress, you should not be conceited.即使你取得了一些 进步,你也不应该盲目自大。 Considering you are newcomers, you've adjusted very well. 鉴于你们是新手,你们已经调整得很好了。 2.过去分词 由过去分词转化成的连词有: provided 如果, 以……为条件; granted 即使; given 就…… 而言。 You may go, provided your work is done. 如果你的工作做完了,你可以走。 Granted that he has enough money to buy the house, it doesn't mean that he's going to do so. 即使他有足够的钱买这所房子,他也不一定会这样做。 十、比较状语从句 1.as... as 这种结构可以用于同程度的比较,否定句用 not so/as.., as。 2.as 和 than 连接的比较状语从句常可省去同主句相同的部分。 3.the…,the…结构后跟 adj.或 adv.的比较级,意为“越……,越……”。 十一、状语从句的省略 有些表示时间、地点、条件、方式或让步的状语从句,如果谓语动词含有 be 动词,主 语又和主句中的主语一致,或者主语是 it,常把从句中的主语和 be 动词省略掉。 Look out for cars when crossing the street. 穿过街道的时候要小心车辆。 She advised me not to say anything unless asked. 她建议我除非被要求,什么也不要说。 易混易误 深度总结 ◆典型陷阱题分析◆ 1. “May I go and play with Dick this afternoon, Mum?” “No, you can’t go out _______ your work is being done.”
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A. before

B. until

C. as

D. the moment

【陷阱】容易误选 B,误认为这是考查 not…until…结构。 【分析】 最佳答案选 C。 句中的 your work is being done 表明“你正在做作业”, 选 as 表 原因。 2. “I’m going to the post office.” “_______ you’re there, can you get me some stamps?” A. As B. While C. Because D. If

(1) _______ you are at home alone, please don’t leave the door open. A. As B. While C. Before D. How

(2) _______ you are alone with her, tell her that you like her. A. After B. As C. While D. How

3. After the war, a new school building was put up ______ there had once been a theatre. A. that B. when C. which D. where

【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。 【分析】最佳答案选 D。where 在此引导地点状语从句,其意为“(在)……的地方”。 (1) The famous scientist grew up _______ he was born and in 1930 he came to Shanghai. A. when B. whenever C. where D. wherever

(2) She found her calculator _______ she lost it. A. where B. while C. in which D. that

(3) You should make it a rule to leave things _______ you can find them again. A. when B. where C. then D. which

(4) When you read the book, you’d better make a mark _____ you have any questions. A. at which B. at where C. the place where D. where

(5) You should let your children play ______ you can see them.
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A. in which

B. when

C. where

D. that

(6) Now he works in the factory ______ his father used to work. A. where B. that C. in which D. when

4. The visitor asked to have his picture taken _______ stood the famous tower. A. that B. at which C. when D. where

4. They kept trying _____ they must have known it was hopeless. A. if B. because C. when D. where

【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。 【分析】最佳答案选 C。when 在此的意思不是“当……的时候”,而是“尽管”、“虽然” 的意思。又如:w。w。He walks when he might take a taxi. 尽管他可以坐出租车,但他却走路。 He stopped trying when he might have succeeded next time. 尽管他本来下次就可以成功 的了,但他却停止努力了。 The boy was restless when he should have listened to the teacher carefully. 这男孩子本来应 该专心听老师讲的,但他却坐立不安。 有许多同学只知道 when 表示“当……的时候”,而不知道它还有其他许多意思,除上 面提到的表示“尽管”、“虽然”外,when 还可表示“既然”、“考虑到”。请做下面的试题: Why do you want a new job ______ you’ve got such a good one already? A. that B. where C. which D. when

5. He was about to tell me the secret ______ someone patted him on the shoulder. A. as B. until C. when D. while

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(1) I was about to go out ______ the telephone rang. A. as soon as B. suddenly C. when D. directly

(2) We were swimming in the lake _______ the storm started. A. when B. until C. suddenly D. before

(3) She was walking down the road _______ she heard someone shouting for help. A. before B. suddenly C. until D. when

6. The fire went on for quite some time _______ it was brought under control. A. when B. before C. after D. since

(1) He made a mistake, but then he corrected the situation _______ it got worse. A. until B. when C. before D. as

(2) Someone called me up in the middle of the night, but they hung up ________ I could answer the phone. A. as B. until C. since D. before

(3) She is getting better by degrees, but it will be some time _____ she is completely well. A. that B. since C. when D. before

(4) They sat down opposite each other, but it was some moments ______ they spoke. A. after B. before C. since D. when

7. Mother asked me to take more money _______ something unexpected should happen. A. in case B. when C. in order that D. so that

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(1) ________ I forget, please remind me about it. A. In case B. When C. In order that D. So that

(2) Take your umbrella just ________ it rains. A. in order that B. so that C. in case D. when

(3) Be quiet _______ you should wake the baby. A. so that B. in case C. when D. in order that

(4) Take a hat with you in case the sun is very hot. A. when B. so that C. in order that D. in case

(5). I’ll keep his address _____ I need it. A. so that B. in order that C. in case D. when

8. _______ your composition carefully, some spelling mistakes can be avoided. A. Having checked B. Check C. If you check D. To check

(1) ________ more careful, the work might have been done better. A. Being B. Having been C. If you had been D. To have been

(2) _______ your diet, it is easy to reduce. A. Watching watched (3) _______ a pair of compasses, it is easy to describe a circle. A. If you have B. To have had C. Having D. if having
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B. If you watch

C. To be watching

D.

To

have

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(4) _______ for something, a receipt is given to you. A. Paying paid (5) _______ the sun rising slowly in the east, the scene is a perfect dream. A. Seeing B. When you see C. To be seeing D. Having seen B. Having paid C. To be paying D. When you have

9. “Shall Mary come and play computer games?” “No, _______ she has finished her homework.” A. when B. since C. unless D. as soon as

【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。 【分析】最佳答案选 C。此句为省略句,答句句首的 No 表明其后省略的是一个否定 句,全句补充完整为:She can’t play computer games unless she has finished her homework. 请 做类似试题(答案均选 B): (1) “Would you mind my sitting here with you?” “No, ______ you aren’t too noisy.” A. when C. unless B. if D. as soon as

(2) “Will he agree to come to join us in the work?” “No, _______ we promise him more money.” A. when C. unless B. unless D. as soon as

(3) “Can you finish the work in time?” “No, _______ we don’t sleep throughout the night.” 10. “When did he leave the classroom?” “He left _______ you turned back to write on the blackboard.” A. the time C. until 【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。 【分析】最佳答案选 B。the moment 用作连词,意为“一……就……”,相当于 as soon as。类似地,the minute, the instant 也可用作连词,表示“一……就……”的意思。如以下试 题也选 B:w (1)“Did you remember to give Mary the money you owed her?” “Yes, I gave it to her ________ I saw her.”
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B. the moment D. since

A. while C. suddenly

B. the moment D. until

(2) The doorkeeper gave the alarm _______ he saw the smoke. A. while C. suddenly B. the instant D. before

(3) I raised the alarm _______ I saw the smoke. A. while C. suddenly 【高频考点突破】 考点一、考查时间状语从句 (1)由 when,whenever,after,before,as,(ever)since,once,as soon as,(not)until, while 等连词引导的状语从句; (2)名词用作连词,引导时间状语从句; 常见的有: each time, every time, the first time, the moment ,the minute, the instant . . . . . . (3)副词用作连词,引导时间状语从句。 常见的有:immediately,instantly. . . . . . 【考题示例】 Because of the heavy traffic,it was already time for lunch break A.since B.that C.when D.until she got to her office. B. the minute D. since

【四川省成都石室中学高三二诊模拟】 13. "___ Libya's oil production returns to normal, I guess, it will be fifteen months," said a UN expert. A.After B.That C.Before D.Since China argued

【甘肃省高三第一次高考诊断】 8. The US has put pressure on the yuan, that the RMB exchange rate is reasonable and balanced. A.as B.while
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C.when

D.which

【吉林省吉林市高三第二次模拟】35. The government has taken some measures to solve the shortage of electricity, but it may be some time _________ the situation improves. A. since B. when C. unless D. before

【福建省同安一中高三上学期期中考试】 _____I catch a cold, I have pain in my back.
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A.Every time

B.Though

C.Even

D.Where

(4)比较 while, when, as 1)as, when 引导短暂性动作的动词。 Just as / Just when / When I stopped my car, a man came up to me. 2)当从句的动作发生于主句动作之前,只能用 when 引导这个从句,不可用 as 或 while。 When you have finished your work, you may have a rest. 3)从句表示"随时间推移"连词能用 as,不用 when 或 while。
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As the day went on, the weather got worse. 日子一天天过去,天气越变越坏。 (5) 表示"一…就…"的结构, hardly/scarcely…when /before, no sooner…than 和 as soon as 都可以表示"一…就…"的意思, 例:I had hardly / scarcely got home when it began to rain. I had no sooner got home than it began to rain. As soon as I got home, it began to rain. 注意:如果 hardly, scarcely 或 no sooner 置于句首,句子必须用倒装结构: Hardly / Scarcely had I got home when it began to rain. No sooner had I got home than it began to rain 【考题示例】 【2012 全国 II】11. I had hardly got to the office ______ my wife phoned me to go back home at once. A. when B. than C. until D. after

(6)比较 until 和 till 此两个连词意义相同。肯定形式表示的意思是"做某事直至某时",动词必须是延续性的。 否定形式表达的意思是"直至某时才做某事"。动词为延续性或非延续性都可以。 正确使用 这两个连词的关键之一就在于判断句中的动词该用肯定式还是否定式。 肯定句: I slept until midnight. 我一直睡到半夜时醒了。 Wait till I call you. 等着我叫你。

在肯定句中可用 before 代替 Let's get in the wheat before the sun sets.) 否定句:She didn't arrive until 6 o'clock. 她直到 6 点才到。

Don't get off the bus until it has stopped. 公共汽车停稳后再下车。
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I didn't manage to do it until you had explained how. 1) Until 可用于句首,而 till 通常不用于句首。

直到你教我后,我才会做。

Until you told me, I had heard nothing of what happened. 直到你告诉我以前, 出了什么事 我一点也不知道。 2) Until when 疑问句中,until 要放在句首。 ---Until when are you staying? --- Until next Monday. 你呆到什么时候?

呆到下周一。

(3) Not until …在句首,主句用倒装。 Not until the early years of the 19th century did man know what heat is.直到 19 世纪初,人类 才知道热能是什么。 Not until I began to work did I realize how much time I had wasted. 直到我开始工作,我才认 识到了我已蹉跎了几多岁月。 (4) It is not until… that… 表示强调,“直到。 。 。才。 。 。”。 【江西省上饶市第一次高考模拟】35.I thought our friendship was finished apologized first and I forgave her right then. A.when B.until C.while D.unless Jenny

【江西南昌一中第一次月考】34. I found her nice and honest ____ I saw her. A.for the first time C.on the first time B.the first time D.at first

二、地点状语从句, 通常由 where, wherever 引导。 Where I live there are plenty of trees. 我住的地方树很多。 不管我在哪里我都会想到你。

Wherever I am I will be thinking of you. 【考题示例】

【2012 天津卷】 14.Everything was placed exactly ___________he wanted it for the graduation ceremony. A. while B. when C. where D. though

【2012 四川卷】10. If you happen to get lost in the wild, you’d better stay ______ you are and wait for help. A. why B. where C. who D. what
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【广西桂林市、崇左市、百色市、防城港市高考联合调研】30.You are advised to do as the Romans do when you travel A.in which B.what the customs are really different from your own. C.when D.where

【甘肃省高三第一次高考诊断】 9. If he continues to ignore his disease, one day he’ll come to the point A.that he can’t walk by himself. B.when C.where D.what

【江苏省苏、 锡、 常、 镇四市高三调研测试 (一) 】 24. Some people create jobs, foster excitement and basically make the system work. They see possibilities ___________ others see only problems. A. that B. what C. which D. where

【江苏省四市第一次调研】Some people create jobs, foster excitement and basically make the system work. They see possibilities ___________ others see only problems. A. that B. what C. which D. where

【唐山市二模】—What a terrible mistake! I'm finished! —Don't lose heart! Get up _____ you fell. A.where B.when C.unless D.until

三、 条件状语从句: 表条件的状语从句主要连接词有 if, whether, as long as (只要), unless, as/so long as, on condition that ,provided(只要) (that)等。 if 引导的条件句有真实条件句和非真实条件句两种。非真实条件句在虚拟语气中阐述。 另 外, unless = if not. Let's go out for a walk unless you are too tired. == If you are not too tied, let's go out for a walk. 【考题示例】 【2012 江西卷】31.You can borrow my car A.unless 【2012 北京卷】21. B.even if —Look at those clouds! you promise not to drive too fast. C.in case D.as lone as

—Don’t worry. ______ it rains, we’ll still have a great time. A. Even if B.As though C. In case D. If only

You will be late ___ you leave immediately.
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A. unless

B. until

C. if

D. or

【重庆师大附中第一次月考】28.—I’ll join the music club ________ Mary is in the club, too. —You mean if Mary joins the club you’ll do, too. A. in case B. so that C. now that D. on condition that

【2012 陕西卷】25. All the photographs in this book, _______ stated otherwise, date from the 1950s. A. unless B. until C. once D. if

【保定市高三第一次模拟】24.一 Do you think the weather will be all right this golden week? 一 No,_______we're lucky,it is reported that there will be sandstorms anyway. A. if B. though C. unless D. as

【江西省六校联考】25. —Shall we pay a visit to the Great Wall tomorrow morning? —_____ it rains. A. If B. Until C. Since D. Unless you

【河北省邯郸市高三第一次模拟考试】23. You can hold a party in the garden clean it up afterwards. A. as long as B. even if C. now that D. as soon as

【甘肃省高三第一次高考诊断】15. become totally confident of A.If

children believe they can succeed, they will never

themselves. C.Once D.Unless

B.Since

【北京西城高三抽样检测】— Peter told me he wanted to come with us. Is it OK for you? — I don’t mind ________ he pays for his meals. A. A. as far as B. as well as C. as long as D. as soon as

【成阳市一中高三月考试卷】—— Do you think the weather will be all right this summer? —— No, ________ we’re lucky. The newspaper says it’ll be very hot anyway. A. if B. though C. unless D. as

四、 原因状语从句: 原因状语从句可由 as, because, since 及 for 引导, 比较: because, since, as 和 for 1)because 语势最强,用来说明人所不知的原因,回答 why 提出的问题。当原因是显而易 见的或已为人们所知,就用 as 或 since。
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I didn't go, because I was afraid. Since /As the weather is so bad, we ha ve to delay our journey. 2)由 because 引导的从句如果放在句末,且前面有逗号,则可以用 for 来代替。但如果不是 说明直接原因,而是多种情况加以推断,就只能用 for。 He is absent today, because / for he is ill. He must be ill, for he is absent today. 【考题示例】 【山东省济南市高三年级第一次模拟考试英语试题】Never believe anything other person has believed it. Use your own head. A.that B.when C.because D.once any

【2012 重庆卷】30.—Coach, can I continue with the training? —Sorry, you can’t ______you haven’t recovered from the knee injury. A. until B. before C.as D. unless

五、结果状语从句: 结果状语从句常由 so… that 或 such…that 引导,掌握这两个句型, 首先要了解 so 和 such 与其后的词的搭配规律。

so foolish so nice a flower so many / few flowers so much / little money. so many people

such a fool such a nice flower such nice flowers such rapid progress such a lot of people( so many 已成固定搭配,a lot of 虽相当于

many,但 a lot of 为名词性的,只能用 such 搭配。 ) 2. so…that 与 such…that 之间的转换 The boy is so young that he can't go to school. ==== He is such a young boy that he can't go to school 六、 目的状语的从句可以由 that, so that, in order that, lest, for fear that, in case 等词引导, 例如:
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You must speak louder so that /in order that you can be heard by all. He wrote the name down for fear that(lest) he should forget it. Better take more clothes in case the weather is cold. 【考题示例】 〖04 全国 I〗Roses need special care ______ they can live through winter. A. because B. so that C. even if D. as

2011上海卷 37 The police officers in our city work hard _____ the rest of us can live a safe life. A. in case B. as if C. in order that D. only if

七、让步状语从句: 让步状语从句通常由(even)though,although,no matter,even if , however,whatever 等词引导 注意: 1 ). 当有 though, although 时,后面的从句不能有 but,但是 though 和 yet 可连用 Although it's raining, they are still working in the field. 活。 He is very old, but he still works very hard. 虽然他很老,但仍然努力地工作。 伤口虽愈合,但伤疤留下了。 (谚语) 虽然在下雨,但他们仍在地里干

Though the sore be healed, yet a scar may remain. 典型例题: ___she is young, she knows quite a lot. A. When B. However C. Although D. Unless

答案:C。意为虽然她很年轻,却知道许多。 2) as, though 引导的倒装句: as / though 引导的让步从句必须表语或状语提前(形容词、 副词、分词、实义动词提前) 。 Child as /though he was, he knew what was the right thing to do.== Though he was a small child, he knew what was the right thing to do. 注意: a. 句首名词不能带任何冠词。 b. 句首是实义动词,其他助动词放在主语后。如果实义动词有宾语和状语,随实义 动词一起放在主语之前。 Try hard as he will, he never seems able to do the work satisfactorily.== = Though he tries hard,
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he never seems…

虽然他尽了努力,但他的工作总做的不尽人意。

3) ever if, even though. 即使 We'll make a trip even though the weather is bad. 4) whether…or不管……都

Whether you believe it or not 5) "no matter +疑问词" 或"疑问词+后缀 ever" 表示 “无论。 。 。” No matter what happened, he would not mind.=== Whatever happened, he would not mind. 替换:no matter what = whatever = whenever no matter where = wherever how = however 注意:no matter 不能引导主语从句和宾语从句。 (错)No matter what you say is of no use now. (对)Whatever you say is of no use now. 是主语从句) (错)Prisoners have to eat no matter what they're given, (对)Prisoners have to eat whatever they're given. 【考题示例】 【四川成都外国语学校月考】28.__________, the dancers practice hard to make their dreams come true. A. Being disabled as they C. Disabled as they are B. As they are disabled D. Disabled so they are 囚犯们只能给什么吃什么。 你现在说什么也没用了。(Whatever you say no matter which = whichever no matter no matter who = whoever no matter when

【浙江杭州重点高中原创模拟】8. No one can ignore the fact that his wife is independent _______ her husband earns all or most of the family income. A. now that B. in case C. even if D. only if

【山东省菏泽重点高中高三下学期模拟】 34. _______, his idea was accepted by all the people at the meeting. A. Strange as might it sound C. As strange it might sound B. As it might sound strange D. Strange as it migh t sound
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【2012 陕西卷】18. Hot _______the night air was, we slept deeply because we were so tired after the long journey. A. although B. as C. while D. however

八、 行为方式状语从句,方式状语从句通常由 as, (just) as…so…, as if, as though 引导。 1) as, (just) as…so…引导的方式状语从句通常位于主句后,但在(just) as…so…结构中位 于句首,这时 as 从句带有比喻的含义,意思是"正如…","就像",多用于正式文体,例如: Always do to the others as you would be done by. As water is to fish, so air is to man. 你希望人家怎样待你,你就要怎样待人。

我们离不开空气,犹如鱼儿离不开水。 正如打扫

Just as we sweep our rooms, so we should sweep backward ideas from our minds. 房屋一样,我们也要扫除我们头脑中落后的东西。 2) as if, as though

两者的意义和用法相同,引出的状语从句谓语多用虚拟语气,表示与

事实相反,有时也用陈述语气,表示所说情况是事实或实现的可能性较大。汉译常作 "仿 佛……似的","好像……似的", 例如:They completely ignore these facts as if (as though) they never existed. 这些事实,就仿佛它不存在似的。 (与事实相反,谓语用虚拟语气。 ) He looks as if (as though) he had been hit by lighting. 他那样子就像被雷击了似的。 (与事实相 反,谓语用虚拟语气。 ) It looks as if the weather may pick up very soon. 看来天气很快就会好起来。 (实现的可能性较 大,谓语用陈述语气。 ) 说明:as if / as though 也可以引导一个分词短语、不定式短语或无动词短语,例如: He stared at me as if seeing me for first time. 他目不转睛地看着我,就像第一次看见我似的。 He cleared his throat as if to say something. 他清了清嗓子,像要说什么似的。 他们完全忽略了

The waves dashed on the rocks as if in anger. 波涛冲击着岩石,好像很愤怒。 【考题示例】 2011湖南卷 33 Jack wasn’t saying anything, but the teacher smiled at him _______he had done something very clever. A .as if 【难点探究】 1.考查 in case 引导的状语从句
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B. in case

C. while

D. though

根据语境的不同,in case 既可表示“如果”、“万一”,引导条件状语从句:也可表示“以 防(万一)”,引导目的状语从句。 【例】 Leave your key with a neighbor____you lock yourself out one day. A. ever since B.even if C.soon after D. in case

【例】My parents live in a small village. They always keep candles in the house__there is a power cut. A. if B.unless C.in case D. so that you

〖05 广东〗You’d better take something to read when you go to see the doctor have to wait.? A.even if B.as if? C.in case D.in order that

2.考查 before 引导的状语从句 尤其要注意“It+be+--段时间+before...”这一句型。 【例】 The field research will take Joan and Paul about five months; it will be a long time____we meet them again. A. after B.before C.since D.when

【例】He was told that it would be at least three more months____he could recover and return to work. A. when B.before C.since D. that

3.考查 while 引导的状语从句

【例】____I really don't like art,I find his work impressive. A. As B.Since C.If D.While

另外,while 表示对比的用法也值得注意(此时它表示“而”) 。例如: 【例】The cost of living in Glasgow is among the lowest in Britain, ________the quality of life is probably one of the highest. A. since B.when C.as D.while

4.考查 when 引导的状语从句 对于 when 的用法,同学们最熟悉的是表示“当……的时候”。
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【例】—— Where's that report? —— I gave it to you___you came in. A. if B.when C.because D. before

when 还有一个用法,就是表示“既然”,也是一个值得注意的考点。例如: 【例】 Why do you want a new pen__you've got such a good one already? A. that B.where C.which D. when

还有一点也需注意,就是 when 表示“这时(突然)”的用法。例如: 【例】I had just stepped out of the bathroom and was busily drying myself with a towel_____I heard the steps. A. while B.when C.since D. after

【例】 He was about halfway through his meal__a familiar voice came to his ears. A. why B.where C.when D.while

5.考查 unless 引导的状语从句 unless 的意思是“如果不……”、“除非”,对于涉及 unless 的考题,一般只要能读懂句意, 弄清语境即可。 【例】 Most birds find it safe to sleep in the trees, but__they have eggs or young chicks, they don't use a nest. A. why B.how C.unless D.where

【例】I won't call you,____something unexpected happens. A. unless B.whether C.because D.while

6.考查 until 引导的状语从句 until 的意思是“直到……时”、“在……之前”,对于涉及 until 的考题,一般只要能读懂 句意,弄清语境即可。 【例】 It is difficult for us to learn a lesson in life____we've actually had that lesson. A. until B.after C.since D.when

另外,还要注意 not...until...这一句式(直到……才……) 。例如: 【例】"You can't have this football back____you promise not to kick it at my cat again," the old man said firmly. A. because B.since C.when D.until
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7.考查 once 引导的状语从句
once 的意思是“一旦”,对于涉及 once 的考题,一般只要能读懂句意,弄清语境,就不 会有问题。 【例】You will be successful in the interview____ you have confidence. A. before B.once C.until D.though

【例】_________environmental damage is done, it takes many years for the ecosystem(生态系 统)to recover. A. Even if B.If only C.While D.Once

8.考查 where 引导的状语从句 where 可以用于引导地点状语从句, 其意为“在……的地方”, 此用法许多同学都不熟悉, 但高考经常考查,应引起特别注意。 ——Mom, what did your doctor say? ——He advised me to live____there are many trees. A. in where B.in which C.the place where D. where

9.考查-ever 引导的状语从句 whatever, whoever, however, whenever, wherever 等引导状语从句时, 其意相当于 no matter what (who, how, when, where)等。 【例】In peace, too, the Red Cross is expected to send help________there is human suffering. A. whoever 【历届高考】 【2012 江苏卷】30._ One's life has value_______one brings value to the life of others. A. so that B. no matter how C. as long as D. except that B.however C.whatever D. wherever

【2012 湖南】32. ____ hard you try, it is difficult to lose weight without cutting down the amount you eat. A. However B. Whatever C. Whichever D. Whenever

【2012 湖南】28. ____ I always felt I would pass the exam, I never thought I would get an A. A. While B. Once C. If D. Until

【2012 重庆卷】30.—Coach, can I continue with the training? —Sorry, you can’t ______you haven’t recovered from the knee injury.
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A. until

B. before

C.as

D. unless

【2012 山东卷】 32. A number of high buildings have arisen _______ there was nothing a year ago but ruins. A. when C. before B. where D. until

【2012 山东卷】27. He smiled politely ______ Mary apologized for her drunken friends. A. as C. unless B. if D. though

【 2012 福 建 卷 】 30. It is hard for the Greek government to get over the present difficulties_________ gets more financial support from the European Union. A. if B. unless C. because D. since 【2012 江西卷】31.You can borrow my car A.unless B.even if you promise not to drive too fast. C.in case D.as lone as you lock yourself out one day. D. as if

【2012 辽宁卷】30. Leave your key with your neighbor A. as long as B. even though

C. in case

【2012 四川卷】10. If you happen to get lost in the wild, you’d better stay ______ you are and wait for help. A. why B. where C. who D. what

【2012 陕西卷】18. Hot _______the night air was, we slept deeply because we were so tired after the long journey. A. although B. as C. while D. however

【2012 陕西卷】25. All the photographs in this book, _______ stated otherwise, date from the 1950s. A. unless B. until C. once D. if

【2012 北京卷】21.

—Look at those clouds!

—Don’t worry. ______ it rains, we’ll still have a great time. A. Even if B.As though C. In case D. If only

【2012 全国 II】11. I had hardly got to the office ______ my wife phoned me to go back home at once.
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A. when

B. than

C. until

D. after

【2012 天津卷】 14.Everything was placed exactly ___________he wanted it for the graduation ceremony. A. while B. when C. where D. though I must say you do look

【2012 全国新课程】25. I don't believe we've met before, familiar. A. therefore C. since 2011全国卷II 19 A. though B. although D. unless It was a nice meal, _______a little expensive. B. whether C. as

D. since

2011北京卷 29 __________ volleyball is her main focus, she’s also great at basketball. A. Since 2011上海卷 36 B. Once C. Unless D. While

If a lot of people say a film is not good, I won’t bother to see it, or I’ll wait

____ it comes out on DVD. A. whether B. after C. though D. until

2011上海卷 37 The police officers in our city work hard _____ the rest of us can live a safe life. A. in case B. as if C. in order that D. only if

2011江西卷 29 Please call my secretary to arrange a meeting this afternoon, or ______ it is convenient to you. A. whenever B. however C. whichever D. wherever

2011浙江卷 4 One Friday, we were packing to leave for a weekend away ______my daughter heard cries for help. A. after 2011福建卷 33 B. while C. since D. when

It was April 29, 2001 ____ Prince William and Kate Middleton walked into

the palace hall of the wedding ceremony. A.that B.when C.since D.before

2011四川卷 4 Frank insisted that he was not asleep _____ I had great difficulty in waking him up.
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A. whether

B. although

C. for

D. so

2011四川卷 6 As it reported, it is 100 years _____________Qinghua University was founded. A. when B. before C. after D. since

2011辽宁卷 25 No matter how ________ , it is not necessarily lifeless. A. a desert may be dry C. may a desert be dry B. dry a desert may be D. dry may a desert be

2011辽宁卷 29 He had no sooner finished his speech _____ the students started cheering. A. since B. as C. when D. than

2011陕西卷 17 The new stadium being built for the next Asian Games will be ______the present one. A. as three times big as C. as big as three times 2011天津卷 5 close to bedtime. A.It B. As C.Although D.Unless B. three times as big as D. as big three times as

____ regular exercise is very important, it’s never a good idea to exercise too

2011陕西卷 19 __________all of them are strong candidates, only one will be chosen for the post. A. Since B. While C. If D. As

2011山东卷 28 He had his camera ready _____ he saw something that would make a good picture. A. even if B. if only C. in case D. so that

2011重庆卷 30 To show our respect, we usually have to take our gloves off ______ we are to shake hands with. A.whichever B.whenever C.whoever D.wherever

2011湖南卷 33 Jack wasn’t saying anything, but the teacher smiled at him _______he had done something very clever. A .as if B. in case C. while D. though he doesn’t get much exercise. C. unless D. as long as
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〖10 湖南〗Tim is in good shape physically A. if B. even though

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〖10 山东〗The school rules state that no child shall be allowed out of the school during the day, ______ accompanied by an adult. A. once 〖10 上海〗 B. when C. if D. unless

you may have, you should gather your courage to face the challenge. B. What a serious problem D. What serious a problem she got to

A. However a serious problem C. However serious a problem

〖10 四川〗Because of the heavy traffic, it was already time for lunch break her office. A. since B. that C. when D. until

〖10?陕西〗John thinks it won’t be long A. when B. after

he is ready for his new job. C. before D. since

〖10 重庆〗Today, we will begin _______we stopped yesterday so that no point will be left out. A. when B. where C. how D. what her mother asked her to practice playing

〖09 福建〗 She had just finished her homework the piano yesterday. A. when B. while

C. after I am happy. C. as long as

D. since

〖09 陕西〗My parents don’t mind what job I do A. even though B. as soon as

D. as though

〖09 上海〗You can’t borrow books from the school library ______ you get your student card. A. before B. if C. while D. as

〖09 全国Ⅱ〗All the dishes in this menu, A. as 〖09 江苏〗 former. A. Before B. Where B. if

otherwise stated, will serve two to three people. C. though D. unless

__ unemployment and crime are high, it can be assumed that the latter is due to the

C. Unless

D. Until

〖09 山东〗The little girl who got lost decided to remain _________she was and wait for her mother. A.where B.what C.how D.who

〖09 重庆〗Peter was so excited _______he received an invitation from his friend to visit
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Chongqing. A. where B. that zxxk C. why D. when

〖09 湖南〗______ the police thought he was the most likely one, since they had no exact proof about it, they could not arrest him. A. Although B. As long as C. If only D. As soon as 〖09 四川〗 Owen wouldn’t eat anything ____________ he cooked it himself A. until B. since C. unless D. while

〖09 浙江〗The medicine works more effectively _____ you drink some hot water after taking it. A. as B. until C. although D. if

〖08 全国Ⅰ〗The lawyer seldom wears anything other than a suit______the season.? A.whatever B.wherever? C.whenever D.however

〖08 全国Ⅰ〗—Have you got any idea for the summer vacation?? —I don’t mind where we go______there’s sun, sea and beach. A.as if B.as long as C.now that D.in order that

〖08 全国Ⅱ〗A small car is big enough for a family of three______you need more space for baggage.? A.once B.because C.if D.unless

〖08 湖南〗______the Internet is of great help, I don’t think it’s a good idea to spend too much time on it.? A.If B.While C.Because D.As

〖08 四川〗There were some chairs left over ______everyone had sat down.? A.when B.until C.that D.where

〖08 四川〗 In some places women are expected to earn money______men work at home and raise their children.? A.but B.while C.because D.though

〖08 辽宁〗______hungry I amI never seem to be able to finish off this loaf of bread.? A.Whatever B.Whenever C.Wherever D.However

〖08 辽宁〗I used to love that film______I was a child, but I don’t feel it that way any
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more.?A.once

B.when

C.since

D.although

〖08 北京〗—Did you return Fred’s call? —I didn’t need to ____ A. though I’ll see him tomorrow. B. unless C. when D. because gets

〖0 8 北京〗I’m sorry you’ve been waiting so long, but it’ll still be some time ___ Brian back. A. before B. since C. till D. after

〖08 天津〗We’ll have a picnic in the park this Sunday _____ A.since 〖08 安徽〗 A. To walk B. if C. unless

it rains or it’s very cold. D. until
[来源:Z.xx.k.Com]

in the fields on a March afternoon, he could feel the warmth of spring. B. Walking C. Walked D. Having walked

〖08 福建〗Nancy enjoyed herself so much A.that B.which

she visited her friends in Sydney last year. C.when D.where kids can get at it. C.where D.so that

〖08 山东〗You’d better not leave the medicine A.even if B.which

〖08 江西〗Animals suffered at the hands of Man______they were destroyed by people to make way for agricultural land to provide food for more people.? A.in which B.for which C.so that D.in that

〖07 全国Ⅰ〗I won’t call you, A.unless B.whether?

something unexpected happens.? C.because D.while

〖07 北京〗—Where’s that report?? —I brought it to you A.if B.when you were in Mr. Black’s office yesterday.? C.because D.before

〖 07 上海〗Small sailboats can easily turn over in the water______they are not managed carefully.?A.though B.before C.until D.if

〖07 天津〗It is difficult for us to learn a lesson in life______we’ve actually had that lesson.? A.until B.after C.since D.when

〖07 安徽〗The field research will take Joan and Paul about five months; it will be a long time ______we meet them again.
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A.after

B.before

C.since

D.when

〖07 江西〗He was told that it would be at least three more months______he could recover and return to work.? A.when B.before C.since D.that

〖07 辽宁〗We had to wait half an hour______we had already booked a table.? A.since B.although C.until D.before they have eggs or young

〖07 湖南〗Most brids find it safe to sleep in the trees, but chicks, they don’t use a nest. A.why 〖07 陕西〗— —1978, I suppose.? A.Since B.In C.From B.how ? C.unless

D.where

when has the country been open to international trade??

D.After

〖07 重庆〗My parents live in a small village.They always keep candles in the house there is a power out.? A.if B.unless C.in case D.so that they knew it to be valuable. D.so that

〖07 浙江〗Many of them turned a deaf ear to his advice, A.as if 〖07 山东〗 A.As B.now that? C.even though

I really don’t like art, I find his work impressive.? B.Since C.If D.While

〖 06 全 国 Ⅰ 〗 ______he has limited technical knowledge, the old worker has a lot of experience.?A.Since B.Unless? C.As D.Although

〖06 全国Ⅰ〗Please remind me______he said he was going.I may be in time to see him off.? A.where B.when C.how D.what

〖06 全国Ⅱ〗We thought there were 35 students in the dining hall, ______, in fact, there were 40.?A.while 〖06 北京〗 A.Unless B.whether? C.what D.which

you’ve tried it, you can’t imagine how pleasant it is.? B.Because C.Although D.When

〖06 天津〗If you are traveling as the Romans do.?

the customs are really foreign to your own, please do

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35

A.in which

B.what

C.when

D.where

〖06 天津〗 The cost of living in Glasgow is among the lowest in Britain, ______the quality of life is probably one of the highest.? A.since B.when C.as D.while

〖06 辽宁〗He was about halfway through his meal______a familiar voice came to his ears.? A.why B.where C.when D.while

〖06 浙江〗We won’t keep winning games______we keep playing well.? A.because B.unless C.when D.while we know some basic things about first aid, we

〖06 重庆〗In time of serious accidents, can save lives.? A.whether B.until? C.if

D.unless you never listen?? D.when

〖06 山东〗How can you expect to learn anything A.in case 〖06 江苏〗 统)to recover.? A.Even if B.If only C.While D.Once B.even if? C.unless

environmental damage is done, it takes many years for the ecosystem (生态系

〖06 江西〗In peace, too, the Red Cross is expected to send help suffering.?A.whoever B.however? C.whatever

there

is

human D.wherever

〖06 陕西〗This is a very interesting book.I’ll buy it, A.how much may it cost? C.however much it may cost?

.? B.no matter how it may cost? D.how may it cost

〖06 陕西〗His plan was such a good one____we all agreed to accept it. A.so B.and C.that D.as

〖06 广东〗“You can’t have this football back_____you promise not to kick it at my cat again.” the old man said firmly. A.because B.since C.when D.until

〖06 广东〗Jenny was very sad over the loss of the photos she had shot at Canada, ____this was a memory she especially treasured. A.as B.if C.when D.where
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〖06 湖南〗 I had just stepped out of the bathroom and was busily drying myself with a towel____I heard the steps. A.while B.when C.since D.after _a child smiles with his eyes, while a man smiles

〖06 湖南〗 A man cannot smile like a child, __ with his lips alone.? A.so B.but C.and D.for

〖06 福建〗--How long do you think it will be__ moon?--Perhaps two or three years. A.when B.until C.that

_China sends a manned spaceship to the

D.before

〖06 四川〗--Why didn't you tell him about the meeting? --He rushed out of the room____I could say a word. A.before B.until C.when D.after

〖06 四川〗--Mom, what did your doctor say? --He advised me to live____the air is fresher. A.in where B.in which C.the place where D.where

〖05 全国Ⅰ〗—What would you do if it

tomorrow??

—We have to carry it on, since we’ve got everything ready.? A.rain B.rains C.will rain D.is raining I can have time for a cup of tea. C.in case D.so that

〖05 北京〗I’d like to arrive 20 minutes early A.as soon as B.as a result?

〖05 北京〗It is almost five years____we saw each other last time. A.before B.since C.after D.when

〖05 福建〗--Did Jack come back early last night? --Yes.It was not yet eight o'clock_____he arrived home. A.before B.when C.that D.until difficult it was. D.although I enjoyed myself so

〖05 天津〗He tried his best to solve the problem, A.however B.no matter C.whatever

〖05 安徽〗That was really a splendid evening.It’s years much.?A.when B.that? C.before

D.since
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〖05 安徽〗You must keep on working in the evening, task in time.? A.as B.if C.when D.unless

you are sure you can finish the

〖05 江西〗Your uncle seems to be a good driver; A.even so B.even though?

, I wouldn’t dare to travel in his car. D.so

C.therefore

〖05 重庆〗____, he talks a lot about his favorite singers after class. A. A quiet student as he may be C. Be a quiet student as he may 〖05 浙江〗The old tower must be saved, A.however B.whatever B. Quiet student as he may be D. Quiet as he may be a student the cost. C.whichever D.wherever you

〖05 广东〗You’d better take something to read when you go to see the doctor have to wait.? A.even if B.as if? C.in case D.in order that

〖05 广东〗The American Civil War lasted four years A.after B.when C.before

the North won in the end.? D.then

〖05 山东〗It was some time ______ we realized the truth. A. when B. until C. since D. before

〖05 北京春〗Simon thought his computer was broken______his little brother pointed out that he had forgotten to turn it on. A.until B.unless C.after D.because

〖04 全国 I〗Roses need special care ______ they can live through winter. A. because B. so that C. even if D. as

〖04 全国 II〗_____ you call me to say you’re not coming, I’ll see you at the theatre. A. Though B. Whether C. Until D. Unless

〖04 全国 III〗There were dirty marks on her trousers ____ she had wiped her hands. A. where B. which C. when D. that

〖04 全国 III〗Several weeks had gone by ____ I realized the painting was missing. A. as B. before C. since D. when

〖04 全国 IV〗 I do every single bit of housework _____ my husband Bob just does the dishes now
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and then. A. since B. while C. when D. as

〖04 上海〗Jasmine was holidaying with her family in a wildlife park _____ she was bitten on the leg by a lion. A. when B. while C. since D. once

〖04 上海〗Parents should take seriously their children's requests for sunglasses_ ___eye protection is necessary in sunny weather. A.because B.though C.unless D.if

〖04 辽宁〗 We were told that we should follow the main road_____we reached the central railway station. A.whenever B.until C.while D.wherever

〖04 福建〗Scientists say it may be five or six years______it is possible to test this medicine on human patients. A.since B.after C.before D.when

〖04 重庆〗You can eat food free in my restaurant_____you like. A.whenever B.wherever C.whatever D.however

〖04 天津〗It was evening____ we reached the little town of Winchester. A.that B.until C.since D.before

〖04 浙江〗 ______modeling business is by no means easy to get into, the good model will always be in demand. A. While B. Since C. As D. If

〖04 湖北〗It was______back home after the experiment. A. not until midnight did he go C. not until midnight that he went B. until midnight that he didn’t go D. until midnight when he didn’t go

〖04 湖北〗You should try to get a good night’s sleep______much work you have to do. A. however B. no matter C. although D. whatever

〖04 四川〗______you call me to say you’re not coming, I’ll see you at the theatre.? A.Though B.Whether C.Until D.Unless

〖04 上海春〗______, I have to put it away and focus my attention on study this week.
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A. However the story is amusing C. However amusing the story is

B No matter amusing the story is D. No matter how the story is amusing

〖04 北京春〗_______ I can see, there is only one possible way to keep away from the danger. A. As long as B. As far as C. Just as D. Even if

〖04 北京春〗We were swimming in the lake_____suddenly the storm started. A.when B.while C.until D.before

〖03NMET〗Don’t be afraid of asking for help _____ it is needed. A. unless B. since C. although D. when

〖03 北京〗Come and see me whenever ________ . A. you are convenient C. it is convenient to you B. you will be convenient D. it will be convenient to you

〖03 上海〗Generally speaking,_________ according to directions ,the drug has no sid-effect. A. when taking B. when taken C. when to take D. when to be taken

〖03 上海〗)—Dad, I've finished my assignment. — Good ,and _________ you play or watch TV ,you mustn't disturb me. A. whenever B. whether C. whatever D. no matter

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40

联系地址:北京市房山区星城北里综合办公楼(学科网) 邮政编码:102413 电话:010-58425255/6/7 传真:010-89313898

41

联系地址:北京市房山区星城北里综合办公楼(学科网) 邮政编码:102413 电话:010-58425255/6/7 传真:010-89313898

42


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