苏锡常镇四市 2014 届高三 3 月教学情况调研（一） 英语
2014 年 3 月
第一卷（选择题共 85 分） 第一部分：听力（共两节，满分 20 分） 做题时，先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答 案转涂到答题纸上。 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，
从题中所给的 A,B,C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1 ．Where will the woman most probably go? A. To a theatre. B. To a restaurant. C. To a bookstore. 2. When will Lucy arrive here? A. 4:30. B. 5:10. C. 5:30. 3 ．What's the woman，s opinion about the bridge? A. It needn't be built. B. It will be a better one. C. It should have been built earlier. 4. What does the man think of the woman’s choice of clothing? A. He doesn't think her choice is suitable. B. He thinks her choice shows her good taste. C. He thinks the skirt is nicer than her red dress. 5 ．How much does the woman have to pay? A. $70. B. $105. C. $140. 第二节（共 15 小题：每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A,B,C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各 个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两 遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 8 题。 6. Why is the man trying to find a new job? A. He wants a higher salary. B ．He was fired by the company. C. He is bored with the former job. 7. What mainly determines the salary for the new position? A. Teamwork ability. B. Education and experience. C. Communication skills. 8 ．What can we learn from the conversation? A. The job interview is at 8:00 am, Sunday. B ．The man shows some interest in working for the agency. C. There is an advertisement for a French teacher in the paper. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 9 至 11 题。 9. What kind of apartment does the man want to rent?
A. An apartment with a big bathroom and a small kitchen. B. An apartment with a big kitchen and a small bathroom. C. An apartment with a small kitchen and a small bathroom. 10. How can the man go to the university according to the woman? A. By bus. B. By subway. C. By train. 11．Which of the following facilities does the apartment have? A. A fridge. B. A computer. C. A television. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 12 至 13 题。 12. What are the speakers talking about? A. Covering the carpet. B. Decorating the house. C. Working on the curtains. 13．What will the speakers do first? A. Do the floors. B. Paint the walls. C. Cover the furniture. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 14 至 16 题． 14. What is John trying to do? A. Go on vacation. B ．Hold a birthday party. C. Give the Turners a surprise. 15. What's the relationship between the two speakers? A. Friends. B. Father and daughter. C. Salesgirl and customer. 16. Why is John thankful to the Turners? A. They pay for his education. B ．They invited him to their party. C. They provide him with free accommodation. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. When did Lane’s father tell the police his son was missing? A. December 7, 2013. B. December 12, 2013. C. December 31，2013. 18．Where was Lane last seen according to the male caller? A. Washington. B. Montana. C. Livingston. 19. Which is the right description of Lane’s appearance? A. He weighs about 120 pounds. B ．He has long hair and brown eyes. C ．He wore a red or black sweater when he was missing. 20. What can we learn from the passage? A. Lane didn't return home on December 9. B. The male caller gave the police his phone number. C ．The police are looking for information about possible friends of Lane. 第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节：单项选择（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 请认真阅读卜面各题，从题中所给的 A, B, C, D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在 答题纸上将该项涂黑。 21．Weibo as well as WeChat＿＿as a media platform for people to share their thoughts instantly without limits of place or time.
A. serves B. is served C. serve D. are served 22.＿＿their cultures, Americans have taken over from the Indians many other things. A. On behalf of B. In praise of C. In possession of D. On top of 23．Students are advised to keep the list of books near the desk for easy＿＿· A. preference B. function C. purpose D. reference 24. -I hear that our company has failed to promote a new product. -Oh, no wonder the manager＿＿so disappointed this week. A. was acting B. is acting C. had acted D. will act 25．-Hello. I'd like to have a talk with Mr Smith staying in your hotel． -I'm song, he isn't here. He＿＿this morning. A. checked in B. dropped in C. checked out D. dropped out 26. In the fast-moving information age, teenagers should keep pace with the media environment ＿＿they communicate with the outside world. A. why B. where C. which D. whom 27. A new study suggests that yelling at children may have consequences that go beyond of beating them. A. ones B. these C. those D. that 28. The online shopkeeper has apologized for his bad behaviour. -Ok. If you're still not satisfied, you can＿＿compensation. A. claim B. afford C. sacrifice D. dismiss 29. Massive open online courses provide a wonderful model of＿＿we call high-tech learning, which helps students have access to web-based resources. A. which B. why C. what D. how 30. Some social organizations have set up reading clubs to promote reading but the effort, though＿＿，is far from enough. A. appreciated B. appreciating C. having appreciated D. to appreciate 31 ．A sense of anxiety＿＿if we were addicted to various social networking applications. A. would have arisen B. has arisen C. will arise D. could arise 32. -Why didn't the audience see the film Gravity in time? -Because it was not until the authority approved it＿＿the cinema could show it. A. when B. that C. since D. before 33．-School is over. How can we contact Robert? -Try phoning him. He＿＿be home by now. He lives only a stone's throw from the school. A. would B. Will C. should D. shall 34. A man can fail many times, but he isn't a failure＿＿he begins to blame somebody else. A. while B. unless C. because D. once 35．-Hey, do remember we're going to Mr Smith's tomorrow. -Oh, I've almost forgotten, but＿＿· A. no problem B. never mind C. not really D. no doubt 第二节：完形填空（共 20 小题：每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A, B, C, D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。
My sister was graduating just before Christmas, but due to my own scholarly schedule back home, I couldn't fly to Australia for her graduation. She was understandably 36 , and I felt guilty that I wasn't able to be there for her. While talking to my supervisor the week before my sister's graduation, I mentioned that I would be 37 my sister's graduation by less than 48 hours. She said, "Well, just make sure you get permission from admin." Oh, the administration at my school was notorious（声名狼藉 的）for 38 any sort of time-off requests. But something in me decided to try, just in case. Maybe it was the 39 that the Christmas Spirit would somehow permeate（渗透）the administrative office. When I saw the Associate Dean's reply, I couldn't believe my luck！The only 40 I could possibly come up with was that the Christmas Spirit had 41 the heart of her. With news this 42 , I was bursting to tell my sister. But, fingers on the dial, I 43 Wouldn't it be so much more fantastic if I could surprise her? Getting delivered in a box to my sister's house！I 44 myself just showing up, knocking at her door. If I were successful, she’d be excited about my unconventional 45 . I knew if I did so, my 46 at her graduation and my grand arrival would be the best Christmas present. At first the branch manager of CouriersPlease said no, 47 that Christmas was their busiest season and he couldn't 48 a courier（快递员）for this unusual request. But he suddenly and strangely agreed. I couldn't see the look on my sister's face as she opened the door, 49 I could tell from her voice that she was very 50 . After she saw her older sister sitting inside smiling up at her, she was completely lost 51 .words, and I will never forget the look on her face as she opened the box. It was such a gift to be able to attend my sister's graduation, and to show her my love by giving her the most 52 . Christmas present in the history of our family. It was a 53 . both she and I will cherish forever. It was also a 504 .for me: never, ever underestimate the 505 .of the Christmas Spirit. It can move hearts, minds, and yes, even people in boxes. 36. A. disappointed B. surprised C. satisfied D. interested 37. A. avoiding B. catching C. mussing D. neglecting 38. A. confirming B. denying C. doubting D. offering 39. A. success B. patience C. practice D. hope 40. A. conclusion B. solution C. explanation D. description 41 ．A. hurt B. struck C. removed D. deserved 42. A. fantastic B. strange C. different D. attractive 43. A. practised B. moved C. determined D. paused 44. A. witnessed B. pictured C. considered D. recognized 45. A. hesitation B. delay C. arrival D. return 46. A. presence B. performance C. independence D. significance 47. A. putting out B. making out C. finding out D. 9. A. otherwise B. if C. but D. unless 50. A. embarrassed B. confused C. annoyed D. bored 51．A. about B. into C. for D. with 52. A. unique B. comfortable C. pleasant D. traditional 53. A. purpose B. memory C. friendship D. journey
54. A. reminder B. secret C. fantasy D. present 55. A. power B. meaning C. challenge D. message 第三部分：阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 请认真阅读下列短文，从短文后各题所给的 A, B, C, D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。 A Many of you should not own dogs. It’s that simple. The reason is that, if you own a dog, you must train a dog, and many dog owners out there, it is safe to say, have little or no control over their dogs, because they do not train them. Strong words? Maybe．But they are simple, honest words, as untrained dogs living in residential neighborhoods bark at will, run loose, and visit and damage neighboring properties with their owners’blessings as they deliberately let them run. Take note of the fact that you, the dog owner, cannot control your dog causing a continual nuisance（麻烦事）that damages the quality of life in your neighborhood. There’s nothing more annoying to most people than a dog that barks and nothing more confusing than trying to understand the deficient（有缺陷的）mentality of the dog owner who allows his dog to do so. After all, the irresponsible dog owner hears the barking too, and so those who must put up with it are continually left wondering-what are they thinking, are they deaf? Many dog owners believe it is not possible for their dog to be trained, an indication that the owners themselves lack self discipline, and most likely have never really tried to apply discipline to other issues in their lives, not with consistency, or that they are simply lazy and inattentive to their own adult responsibilities at the expense of others. Irresponsible dog owners, though, do train their dogs. A dog is a reflection of its owner. Whatever a dog does (run loose, bark at will, jump on guests entering the front door, soil neighboring lawns) is a result of the decisions of the owner. The choice not to do something is indeed a choice. The good news is that with mere consistency, a dog can be trained rather quickly, in a couple of weeks if the owner takes his responsibility seriously. Again, that process will be a reflection of the owner's behavior, and the primary ingredient（要素）in that behavior is not allowing the dog, not even once, to repeat the bad behavior without consequences when told and directed not to. You can stop your dog from barking with simple firm voice commands, direct eye contact, and force of will in a relatively short time, provided you are consistent and a reasonably mature person. Dogs, what，s more, love this training because pleasing you, their owner, is what they arc all about. The upshot （结果， 要点） will be that you have a more connected relationship with your dog, a better dog that is suited to its environment. 56. Which is NOT the reason for dog owners to have little or no control over their dogs? A. They are lazy and unwilling to train their dogs. B. They think their dogs can act well without training. C，They lack self-control over many issues in daily life. D. They don't give enough attention to their responsibilities. 57. What's the author's attitude towards owners of untrained dogs? A. Prejudiced. B. Unclear. C. Disapproving. D. Curious. 58. This article is mainly written to＿．
A. instruct dog owners how to train dogs B ．call on dog owners to train their dogs C. sing high praise for responsible dog owners D. analyze the relationship between dog owners and their dogs 59. It can be concluded from the passage that＿． A. responsible dog owners can put up with dogs’barking B ．irresponsible dog owners deliberately train their dogs to do something wrong C. we should not own dogs because they can damage the quality of our daily life D ．whether a dog can be trained properly may depend on the dog owner's behavior
Taking place every spring in the world's leading publishing and cultural capital, it's a unique opportunity to explore and understand the innovations shaping the publishing world of the future. When：08-10 April 2014 Where: Earls Court Exhibition Centre, Warwick Road, London, SW5 9TA Who Attends? The London Book Fair attracts a global audience of visitors and exhibitors from all areas of the publishing community. 25,000 Attendees（出席者） ，113 countries Key visitor audiences include: Literary Agents/Scouts Publishers Booksellers Library and Information Professionals Production, Distribution, Technical and Creative Professionals 1,500 Exhibiting Companies The LBF floorplan allows exhibitors to showcase their products and titles by sector: Academic｝Art, Architecture＆Design！Children’s＆Young Adult｝Digital＆Mobile｝ General Publishing｝Publishing Solutions】STM＆ELT Earls Court Information The Earls Court Business Centre offers a comprehensive range of business services, including: Incoming and outgoing fax and telephone calls Photocopying and printing Internet access
Telephone points for laptops PC workstations with standard office software Courier service Visa Information If you are not a British citizen or a citizen of one of the European Economic Area (EEA) countries, you may need to acquire a visa-entry clearance certificate-before you travel to Britain. Visitors can access the visa letter service only once they have registered for the London Book Fair online. On completion of your registration you will receive a confirmation email which includes your badge number and a link to the visa letter service completion page. Here you need to complete all your contact and company details, your badge number, your passport number and your date of birth. Once you have successfully submitted this information, it will produce,a printable letter that you can take to your nearest British consular. Exhibitors can access the visa letter service via the Exhibitor Portal online. Join us in April 2014 at Earls Court, London, registering as a visitor allows you access to exhibitors, show features and over 250 Love Learning seminars and events. The London Book Fair team is on hand to help you with any questions you may have about visiting or exhibiting at the show. 60. According to the passage, we can learn that the London Book Fair＿． A. is held in different cities in the UK every year B ．requires visitors from EEA countries to get a visa C. attracts a global audience with no limit to exhibitors D. gives attendees three-day access to seminars and events 61．The Earls Court Business Centre A. allows companies to exhibit their art products B ．enables customers to work on the Internet C. informs people of the key visitor audiences D. offers readers the service of visa application 62. Which of the following statements about the visa letter service is true? A. You’11 get the visa if you complete the confirmation email. B ．You can receive the confirmation email without registering online. C. The London Book Fair offers this service to registered exhibitors and visitors online. D. The visa letter service completion page saves you the trouble of going to the British consular. C The closest known relative of the ancestors of limbed（肢体）animals such as humans may have evolved the foundation for back legs even before the move to land, researchers say. This ancestor may have even been able to walk underwater, they add. These findings reveal that a key step in the evolution of back limbs happened in fish, challenging previous theories that such appendages（附肢）evolved only after the move to land. Scientists investigated fossils（化石）of a 375-million-year-old fish known as Tiktaalik, discovered in 2004 in northern Canada's Ellesmere Island. Possessing a broad flat head and sharp teeth, Tiktaalik resembled a cross between a fish and a crocodile, growing to a length of 9 feet (2.7 meters) as it hunted for its food in shallow freshwater.
This ancient creature was undoubtedly a fish. However, it also had features seen in modern tetrapods（四足动物） ． This ancient fish had large forefins and shoulders, elbows and partial wrists, enabling it to support itself on ground. This makes it the best-known example of a link between finned（鳍） animals and limbed animals marking the evolutionary change from water to land for creatures with backbones. Previous analyses of other fossils dating from the water-land change found their back appendages were small and weak compared with their front appendages. This suggested the earliest ancestors of tetrapods perhaps had a "front-wheel drive" form of movement that depended more on their front limbs, and that a "four-wheel drive" form of movement with strong hips and back limbs only developed after tetrapods evolved. Until now, the only fossils of Tiktaalik researchers had examined were of its front parts. To find out more about the fish, researchers investigated additional blocks of rock recovered from the dig site where Tiktaalik was discovered. Although some of these blocks were first dug in 2004, researchers did not look at them more closely until recently, mainly because the blocks did not seem to contain much bone. Moreover, it took years to carefully and properly remove the rock surrounding the fragile fossils. The scientists discovered the back part of Tiktaalik．This made a direct comparison of the front and back appendages of the animal possible. Unexpectedly, the researchers found Tiktaalik had big, strong pelvic（胃盆）bones with similarities to early tetrapods. "I was expecting to find a diminutive back fin and pelvis," study lead author Neil Shubin, a paleontologist at the University of Chicago, told LiveScience. "Seeing the huge pelvis set me back a bit-I looked at it again and again, because I was quite surprised." Shubin cautioned that Tiktaalik is not the ancestor of all limbed vertebrates. It is currently the closest known relative, "but not the only, direct ancestor," he said. "It is more like our closest cousin." 63．According to the passage, previous findings show that＿． A. the evolution of back limbs happened under the water B. the ancestors of limbed animals could walk underwater C. the back legs of limbed animals evolved after the transition to living on land D. tetrapods had a "four-wheel drive" form of movement before they evolved 64. Scientists think the findings of Tiktaalik are significant because＿． A. Tiktaalik is the earliest fish living on the earth B. Tiktaalik fills a gap between fish and limbed animals C. Tiktaalik is the only closest known relative of limbed animals D. Tiktaalik gives them a chance to compare the front and back limbs 65．Why didn't the researchers examine the fossils of the back part of Tiktaalik many years ago? A. Because the blocks contained too much bone of Tiktaalik. B ．Because Tiktaalik is not the ancestor of all limbed animals. C. Because the research of fossils is a slow and time-consuming process. D. Because the fossils were discovered in northern Canada's Ellesmere Island. 66. What does the underlined word "diminutive" in Paragraph 8 mean? A. Unique. B. Complete. C. Flexible. D. Small. D
In many American schools the holiday celebrating Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.'s birthday is used as an opportunity to teach children about his life and legacy. But in too many of those same schools, Black children's extraordinary talents are still being wasted today. Nearly three-quarters of Black fourth and eighth grade public school students cannot read or compute at grade level. Black students made up only 18 percent of students in public schools in 2009-2010 but were 40 percent of students who received one or more out-of-school suspensions（暂被停学） ．A Black public school student is suspended every four seconds. Black students are more than twice as likely to drop out of school as White students. Each school day 763 Black high school students drop out. So I applaud the U．S. Departments of Education and Justice for their recent action to address harmful school discipline policies that push so many thousands of black children out of school each year and into the juvenile（青少年)justice and adult prison pipeline. If the education system is to do its part in replacing it with a cradle to college, career and success pipeline, we must end the current practice where children in the greatest need are suspended from school mostly for nonviolent offenses. These resources, officially known as "guidance," will help schools and districts meet their legal responsibility to protect students from discrimination on the basis of race, color or national origin as required under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. As we recognize the 50th anniversary of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and so many other important hard-won victories in the Civil Rights Movement this year, we must remember those victories could be lost without meaningful enforcement of the laws advocates fought so hard to win half a century ago. While the guidance does not prohibit schools or districts from using any particular nondiscriminatory policy, it does call into question some policies that have historically excluded Black students and are of questionable educational value including "zero tolerance" discipline policies which require mandatory（强制的）consequences for certain infractions（违反） ，and policies that prevent students from returning to school after completion of a court sentence. Information of the new guidance recommendations is available at this government website for almost every school and district in the country. Check your own school district now to see whether the discipline policy is focused on creating a positive school climate and preventing misbehavior, whether consequences are clear, appropriate and consistent, and whether there is a commitment to fairness in the application of discipline. 67. What does the first paragraph mainly talk about? A. Unsatisfactory situation of Black students’education. B ．Life and legacy of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. C ．The percentage of Black students dropping out of school. D. The holiday celebrating Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s birthday. 68．The guidance issued by the U.S. Departments of Education and Justice may＿． A. protect Black children from being suspended for nonviolent offenses B ．prevent Black children from coming back to school after a court sentence C. push thousands of Black children out of school each year D ．punish Black children for dropping out of school 69. According to the passage, the "zero tolerance" discipline policies＿· A. have questionable consequences B ．are prohibited by the guidance
C ．prevent Black children from being absent from school D. were considered discriminatory when they were released 70. Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A. Criticism of the Education System B. Steps Forward on School Discipline C ．Suggestions on the Civil Rights Act D. Victories in the Civil Rights Movement 第二卷（非选择题，共两大题，35 分） 第四部分：任务型阅读（共 10 小题；每小题 I 分，满分 10 分） 请认真阅读卜列短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单 词。注意：每个空格只填 I 个单词。请将答案写在答题纸上相应题号的横线上。 What Colleges Will Be Like in 2023 Imagine a university without textbooks and classes without calendars, but still costs a lot of money. Ten years from now college might not look too different from the outside, but the learning experience students receive will probably be different from the one they get today. Here are four areas where you can expect to see major changes and one area where you probably won't: The Classroom In the near future, professors will run their courses over digital platforms where data on each student's progress can be collected. These platforms were initially developed for massive open online courses, or MOOCs. However, universities are now folding these platforms back into their traditional classes because they make it easier to share content, host discussions and keep track of student work. A professor might still "teach" a class, but most of the interaction will happen online. If professors and students do meet in a physical classroom, it will be to review material, work through problems or drill down on discussion topics. The Calendar As more classes move partially or entirely online, the requirements of having a uniform start and end date diminish（缩小） ．Having all the class material online also means some students could sail through a semester's worth of classes in a few weeks and then start again with new courses. Some might finish a bachelor's degree in two years. Those who stick around for four years might have three majors. The Institution More universities are making their courses available through online platforms such as Coursera and edX, and great lectures can be found on YouTube. Students are supplementing（补 充）their own school's classes with online lectures from rock-star professors at other institutions. More and more, this type of learning will become part of college life. "Students will be able to acquire knowledge globally, across different campuses," says Ron Kraemer, chief information and digital officer at the University of Notre Dame. Schools, meanwhile, will take advantage of this setup to conserve their resources. They might develop courses of their own only when they think they can provide a big advantage over other schools’offerings. Otherwise, they might simply adopt a world-beating course that was developed elsewhere, and then put their own stamp on it by designing assignments, discussions and student-faculty interactions. Already, for example, students at several California State University campuses such as San Jose and Sacramento are taking engineering classes that were developed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
The Textbook These 10-pound hardcover volumes used to have Psychology 101 or the "Rocks for Jocks" geology class. But this giant bundle, and the profitable publishing industry that produced it, will quickly unravel（瓦解）as professors pick and choose the sections they like best and assemble their own course packs. The books themselves will stop to be physical volumes and instead will be sources of interactive digital content that include text, videos and simulations（模拟） ．In some cases, the material that used to be in a textbook will simply be integrated into the online course platfonn, where students can watch a lecture，read an essay and do a homework assignment.
第五部分：书面表达麟分 25 分） 阅读下面短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 It was 7:30 in the morning. As usual I was on the subway to school．It was so crowded with people that it felt like the air conditioner wasn't working. I was standing there looking around. Then, I saw an old lady get on the train with a 7-year-old child who seemed to be her grandson. A warm-hearted gentleman generously offered his seat to the old lady. Instead of sitting down herself, however, the old lady called her grandson over and told him to sit. Sooner or later, children mature and step into the complicated world. Love is necessary in the early development of children, yet, to the disappointment of many, too much love definitely prevents children from learning the rules of the real world. Teaching the child about the rules of
society within the family helps the child to achieve success later. By giving up seats to their children, grandparents may destroy kids' best chance for character development. 【写作内容］ 1.以约 30 个词概括上文的主要内容。 2.以约 120 个词谈谈你对长辈溺爱孩子的看法，内容包括： （1)描述长辈溺爱孩子的表现。 （2）溺爱孩子的后果． （3)你对长辈溺爱孩子的看法。 【19 作要求］ 1.作文中可以用亲身经历或虚构的故事。 2.不得直接引用原文中的句子。 3.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。
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