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高中英语图表调查类作文探析及训练


图表调查类作文探析及训练
一、文章结构:
Part 1: General idea (conclusion/ tendency ) Part 2 Facts: (to support the idea) Part 3 Reasons Part 4 Solutions or personal opinion/suggestions (if needed)

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二、开头常用套语:
①The graph (chat , picture ,table )above shows that … ②As is shown by the graph / in the chart, … ③From the graph / chart above, we can see … ④From the figures given in the table, it can be seen / noticed that…

三、数据说明常用套语:
①The number of … nearly doubled ②The number was 5 times as much as that of.. ③It rose from … ④It decreased twice than that of 1906. ⑤The total number was lowered by 10%. ⑥Compared with 1997, it fell from 15 to 10%. ⑦The number of ? amount to/add up to/sum up to/reach ? (数量总计) ⑧?increase (rise / fall / drop) from ?to ⑨Compared with … )

…make up about …

原因说明常用套语:
①There are several reasons that account for it. ②A number of factors account for ... ③The change in.... largely results from the fact that... ④Firstly/ First of all/ To begin with, .... Secondly, .... Besides/ In addition/ Furthermore/ Moreover,... Finally/ Last but not least/, .... ⑤This is because …. That is why ….

⑥The reason for …. is that….

四、结尾常用套语:
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①We can draw the conclusion that… ②In my opinion/Personally, … ③As far as I’m concerned, … ④In short/ in brief/ in a word, … ⑤It seems clear that … ⑥It’s clear from the chart that… ⑦We can know/learn that… ⑧The results seem to suggest that…

五、模板句型
①As can be seen from/in the chart/diagram/table/graph... 从表格/图形中我们可以看到…… ②According to /As is shown in the Table /Figure/Chart...如表格/图表中显示…… ③It can be seen from the chart/diagram/table/graph/figures/statistics that... 从表格/图表/数据中我们可以看到…… ④ From the table/figures/data/results/information above, it can/may be

seen/concluded/shown/estimated/calculated/inferred that... 从以上的表格/图表/数据/结果/信息中,我们可以看到/总结/预测/计算/得出…… ⑤The table shows the changes in the number of...over the period from...to... 描述了在……年之……年间……数量的变化。 ⑥As can be seen from the graph, the two curves show the fluctuation of... 如图所示,两条曲线描述了……的波动情况。 ⑦The pie charts show the changes on... in some place in 2000. 此饼形图显示了 2000 年一些地方……的变化。 ⑧The table shows a three times increase over that of last year. 表格显示比去年上升了 3 倍。 ⑨The number is 5 times as much as that of... 此数字是……的 5 倍。 该表格

It has increased by three times as compared with that of ... 同……相比,增长了 3 倍。 ⑩The figure of A is about twice as much as that of B. A 的数字是 B 的两倍。 ⑾A has the highest sales figure in the three departments, followed by B and C.
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个部门中,A 的销售额最高,其次是 B 和 C。 ⑿The rise lasted for two weeks and then began to level off in August. 上升两个星期后,8 月份开始平稳。 ⒀It accounts for 30% of the total population. 占到总人口的 30%。

⒁The number of students has reached 500, indicating a rise of 20%, compared to last semester. 学生人数达到 500 人,与上个学期相比上升了 20%。 ⒂It picked up speed at the end of this month. 这个月底加快了速度。

⒃from this year on,there was a gradual declined reduction in the..., reaching a figure of... 从这年起,……逐渐下降至…… ⒄There are a lot of similarities/differences between...and... ……与……之间有许多相似(不同)之处 ⒅It can be drawn from the chart that the proportions of A and B are going down, though the falling level of the latter is a lot lower/higher than that of the former. 尽管 B 的下降速度比 A 要慢/快,从表中我们可以看到 A 和 B 的比例都在下降。 ⒆The increase/decrease is more noticeable during the second half of the 5 year period. 在 5 年期限的后半段,增长/降低比较明显。 ⒇It falls from 50% in 2000 to 30% in 2004, and then the trend reverse, finishing at 58% in 2005. 从 2000 年的 50%降到 2004 年的 30%,然后形势逆转,2005 年达到了 58%。

六、写作训练一
下面的柱状图(bar chart)显示了不同年龄段孩子与父母谈心的情况。
6 5 4 3 2 1 0
H ours spentper w eek on average

Time spent in talking with parents

7-9

10-12 13-15 A ge groups

16-18

根据上图信息,请以“Heart-to-Heart Talks with Parents”为题,用英语写一篇 100~120 个词的短文。要 求如下: 1. 简要描述图中信息;
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2. 说明原因(如忙于学习或工作、缺少共同话题……) ; 3. 谈谈你的看法。 注意:文章的标题和开头已给出(不计词数) 。 Heart-to-Heart Talks with Parents As is shown in the bar chart, ________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________

写作训练二
阅读下列图表,以“Changes in the Ways People Spend Their Holidays”为题,写一篇词数为 120 左右的短文。

Changes in the Ways People Spend Their Holidays ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________
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___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________

写作训练三
假如你是李华,在最近的研究性学习当中,受《21 世纪中学生英语报》 (The 21st Century)之邀, 你对你所在的班 60 名同学(男女各半)进行了上网目的的调查。现将调查结果(如下表所示)用英语给 报社的编辑写一封信,报道此事,以引起舆论的关注,并提出你的观点和建议。

注意: 1、报道应包括图表所示全部内容,可适度发挥。 2、文章的开头与结尾已给出,不计入总词数。 3、词数:100—120 4、要点提示:(1)上网的目的;(2)读新闻;(3)发送邮件;(4)聊天;(5)学习;(6)玩游戏;(7)评语 Dear editor, I have recently made a survey among 30 boys and 30 girls in my class about their purpose of getting on the Internet.
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___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Yours, Li Hua

写作训练四
请根据下面所示内容,用英语写一篇短文,比较高中学生“减负”前后的有关情况。
过 去
(“减负”前)

现 在
(“减负”后)

小时 8 6 4 2

小时 8 6 4 2

课棠 时间

作业 时间

睡眠 时间

其它 时间

1.短文须包括所有图表内容,可以适当增加细节,使短文连贯; 2.词数为 100 个左右。 ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________
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___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________

写作训练五
今年 2 月 6 日,教育部对“高中是否该文理分科”征求民意。为此,某媒体做了一次民意调查,调查结 果如图表所示。
支持者 减轻课业负担; 现代社会需要专门人才 反对者 人才培养的必由之路; 可以培养复合型人才 你的观点 ……

请你结合图表所示内容,用英语写一篇题为”Should Science and Arts Education Be Separated?” 的短文, 谈一下你的看法,以便刊登在某一英文报刊上。 要求:1.观点明确,理由充分。2.不要逐句翻译。3.词数 120 左右(开头已经给出,不计入总词数) 。 参考词汇:复合型 multi-skilled 无所谓 6% 其他 1%

支持分科 43%

反对分科 50%

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___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________

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文章结构:
Part 1: General idea (conclusion/ tendency ) Part 2 Facts: (to support the idea) Part 3 Reasons Part 4 Solutions or personal opinion/suggestions (if needed)

开头常用套语:
The graph (chat , picture ,table )above shows that … As is shown by the graph / in the chart, … From the graph / chart above, we can see … From the figures given in the table, it can be seen / noticed that…

数据说明常用套语:
The number of … nearly doubled The number was 5 times as much as that of.. It rose from … It decreased twice than that of 1906. The total number was lowered by 10%. Compared with 1997, it fell from 15 to 10%. The number of ? amount to/add up to/sum up to/reach ? (数量总计) ?increase (rise / fall / drop) from ?to ) Compared with … …make up about …

原因说明常用套语:
There are several reasons that account for it. A number of factors account for ... The change in.... largely results from the fact that... Firstly/ First of all/ To begin with, .... Secondly, .... Besides/ In addition/ Furthermore/ Moreover,... Finally/ Last but not least/, .... This is because …. That is why ….

The reason for …. is that….

结尾常用套语:
We can draw the conclusion that…
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In my opinion/Personally, … As far as I’m concerned, … In short/ in brief/ in a word, … It seems clear that … It’s clear from the chart that… We can know/learn that… The results seem to suggest that…

写作训练一
下面的柱状图(bar chart)显示了不同年龄段孩子与父母谈心的情况。
6 5 4 3 2 1 0
H ours spentper w eek on average

Time spent in talking with parents

7-9

10-12 13-15 A ge groups

16-18

根据上图信息,请以“Heart-to-Heart Talks with Parents”为题,用英语写一篇 100~120 个词的短文。要 求如下: 1. 简要描述图中信息; 2. 说明原因(如忙于学习或工作、缺少共同话题……) ; 3. 谈谈你的看法。 注意:文章的标题和开头已给出(不计词数) 。 Heart-to-Heart Talks with Parents As is shown in the bar chart, ________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________
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___________________________________________________________________________________________ 【参考范文】 Heart-to-Heart Talks with Parents As is shown in the bar chart, children spend less time having heart-to-heart talks with their parents when they grow older. For example, while the 7-9 age group spends as many as 6 hours per week on average, the 16-18 age group spends only half the time. There are two major reasons for this: both parents and children are too busy working or studying, and there aren’t many topics of common interest for them to talk about. In my opinion, children should let their parents know more about what they are interested in. At the same time, parents should spend more time talking with their children and sharing opinions with them. Only in this way can they better understand each other.

写作训练二

阅读下列图表,以“Changes in the Ways People Spend Their Holidays”为题,写一篇词数为 120 左右的短文。

Changes in the Ways People Spend Their Holidays _______________________________________________________________________________ 【参考范文】 Changes in the Ways People Spend Their Holidays The ways people spend their holidays have changed greatly recently. In 2002, 35% of people spent their holidays at home. The number dropped greatly to 10% in 2006. The chart shows that the number of people spending their holiday traveling abroad also increased. Compared with 15% in 2002, the rate in 2006 rose to 25%. Because people now have much more money than before, they can afford to travel abroad, and the rate may continue to rise in the near future. The chart shows that the number of people going to the seaside remained nearly the same, while the number
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of people who went camping rose from 10% in 2002 to 30% in 2006. Maybe people become tired of the city and want to be close to nature.

写作训练三
假如你是李华,在最近的研究性学习当中,受《21 世纪中学生英语报》 (The 21st Century)之邀, 你对你所在的班 60 名同学(男女各半)进行了上网目的的调查。现将调查结果(如下表所示)用英语给 报社的编辑写一封信,报道此事,以引起舆论的关注,并提出你的观点和建议。

注意: 1、报道应包括图表所示全部内容,可适度发挥。 2、文章的开头与结尾已给出,不计入总词数。 3、词数:100—120 4、要点提示:(1)上网的目的;(2)读新闻;(3)发送邮件;(4)聊天;(5)学习;(6)玩游戏;(7)评语 Dear editor, I have recently made a survey among 30 boys and 30 girls in my class about their purpose of getting on the Internet.

写作训练四

【参考范文】 Dear editor, I have recently made a survey among 30 boys and 30 girls in my class about their purpose of getting on the Internet. The girls’ favorite is chatting, but few boys like it. What the boys like to do most is playing games and the girls also like it. Both boys and girls like to read news or send e-mails on the Internet. Maybe they think it’s the most convenient way to get information from keeping in touch with friends. As for studying, the numbers of boys and girls are equal, but altogether only several of them will use the Internet as a tool to study.
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In my opinion, useful as the Internet is, the students had better make better and wise use of it. Otherwise, it’s impossible for us to benefit from it. Moreover, I also hope the parents will pay enough attention to their children using the Internet in their spare time. Yours, Li Hua

写作训练五
请根据下面所示内容,用英语写一篇短文,比较高中学生“减负”前后的有关情况。
过 去
(“减负”前)

现 在
(“减负”后)

小时 8 6 4 2

小时 8 6 4 2

课棠 时间

作业 时间

睡眠 时间

其它 时间

1.短文须包括所有图表内容,可以适当增加细节,使短文连贯; 2.词数为 100 个左右。 【参考范文】 In the past, senior middle school students were heavily burdened with all kinds of homework. Because of various examinations, they spent about 6.5 hours in their classroom a day. At home, about 3.5 hours was spent on their homework and therefore most of them got less than seven hours’ sleep a night, with only about three hours’ free time for other things. As a result, their health was badly damaged. Now things are getting better. About five hours is spent in class and hours for homework is shortened to about two so that they can have two more hours’ sleep and also two more hours’ free time to do whatever they like.

写作训练六
今年 2 月 6 日,教育部对“高中是否该文理分科”征求民意。为此,某媒体做了一次民意调查,调查结 果如图表所示。

支持者 减轻课业负担;

反对者 人才培养的必由之路; 13

你的观点 ……

现代社会需要专门人才

可以培养复合型人才

请你结合图表所示内容,用英语写一篇题为”Should Science and Arts Education Be Separated?” 的短文, 谈一下你的看法,以便刊登在某一英文报刊上。 要求: 1. 2. 3. 4. 观点明确,理由充分。 不要逐句翻译。 词数 120 左右(开头已经给出,不计入总词数) 。 复合型 multi-skilled Should Science and Arts Education Be Separated? The issue of separating science and arts education is getting heated up as debate spreads through the country, which attracts tens of thousands of votes.

无所谓 6%

其他 1%

支持分科 43%

反对分科 50%

【参考范文】 The issue of separating science and arts education is getting heated up as debate spreads through the country, which attracts tens of thousands of votes.
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About 50% of the people interviewed think it unwise to get science and arts separated in high school. In their opinion, a real expert needs a wide range of knowledge. With the development of modern society, multi-skilled people are in great demand. However, over 40 % of them insist that science and arts should be separated so that students can concentrate on some subjects and become experts. Besides, they will not be overburdened as before. As far as I’m concerned, a comprehensive education is better than a separated one. A strong ability in both science and arts is helpful for the long-term development of individuals and the society as a whole. Worldwide, only in China science and arts are separated, which has had a bad effect on students’ sound development. It’s high time we changed this model. I don't think comprehensive education will put a heavy burden on the students.

写作训练七
假如你叫李华,从某网站看到下面调查统计表,感触很深,从而决定写信给某英语报社,反映这一现 实,并简要分析原因,呼吁教育部门和家长改变目前局面。 注意: 1.语言要连贯、准确,可适当发挥; 2.词数不少于 120。

Dear editor,

Yours Sincerely, Li Hua
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【参考范文】 Dear editor, It can be seen easily from the above chart that American students 72 minutes on physical activities per day, and those in South Korea 42 minutes. However, Chinese students have only 12 minutes for physical activities per day. The reasons lie in the following. Almost all the time is spent on lessons in Chinese schools and students are made by parents to concentrate on their study even when they get back homes. Thus there is little time left for their physical activities. In my opinion, both the Education Departments and parents are responsible to give the students more time for physical activity. Anyhow, knowledge can be learned not only from books but also through activities. Yours sincerely, Li Hua

写作训练八
最近,上海博物馆宣布免费开放。消息传出,博物馆每天被闻讯涌来的上万名游客挤得近乎“爆棚”。 这一现象引发了各方的热烈讨论:博物馆该不该免费开放?下图是某网站进行的一次社会调查,请你根据 图示用英语给该网站的英语栏目写一篇短文介绍调查结果,并为三种不同的意见拟写各自的理由。 注意: 1. 词数 150 左右(文章开头已经给出,但不计入总词数) ; 2. 可以有适当发挥,以使行文连贯。

Recently a survey entitled “Should museums be free to the public?” has been conducted to find out people’s attitudes towards this question__ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 【参考范文】 ____ Recently a survey entitled “Should museums be free to the public?” was conducted to find out people’s attitudes towards this question.
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Opinions are found to vary. 67.9% of the people surveyed believe that museums should be free to the public as they are important places for both education and entertainment. They say that free museum entrance will attract more visitors, which will no doubt contribute to promoting knowledge and culture. The more museums open their doors to the public for free, the more people they will benefit. 14.9% hold the opinion that museums should only be free for certain special groups, such as students, soldiers and the disabled. Besides, the times that entrance is provided free for the groups should be strictly regulated. However, 17.2% believe that, to keep the museums functioning well, museums should charge visitors an entrance fee. In addition, to attract more visitors, museums, should try to figure out visitors’ expectations and offer better service instead of free entrance

写作训练九
针对目前高三学生学习压力较大的现状,有人以“Effective Ways to Release the Stress”为题于上周调查 采访了五个学校的 500 名高三学生。请你根据以下调查结果的图表写一份报告,并再谈谈自己或身边同学 释放压力的有效方法。

注意:1.词数:120 左右; 2.调查报告的题目和开头已为你写好(不记入总词数)。 3.参考词汇:心理咨询室 the psychological consulting office Effective Ways to Release the Stress Nowadays more and more senior three students are getting stressed in their studies. 【参考范文】 Effective Ways to Release the Stress Nowadays more and more senior three students are getting stressed in their studies.In order to find out effective ways to release the stress,a survey was made last week in five schools.Altogether 500 students were interviewed,and some if interesting results were as follows:About thirty-five percent of the students let out their stress by doing sports.They play football,for instance.Meanwhile,another forty—five percent of them release
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their stress by listening to different kinds of music.Interestingly,the rest twenty percent of them usually get help from the school psychological consulting office. When I’m stressed,I usually do lots of weightlifting to get myself tired.Then I’ll have a good sleep.In this way,I’ll feel relaxed and forget all about my worries.

写作训练十
受某英文报的委托,你最近对高中生的英语阅读兴趣做了一次调查,请根据以下信息,用英语为该报 写一篇短文。 【写作内容】 调查内容:在新闻、故事、科普、学习方法四种英文文章中,学生最喜欢哪一种 调查范围:河北省的 10 所中学 调查人数:1000 调查方式:访谈 调查结果: 选择各类英文文章人数的百分比

【注意】 1. 必须包括所有要点; 2. 文章的题目和开头已给出。 3.参考词汇: 访谈—interview 4. 词数:100 左右。 Reading Interests of Senior Middle School Students Recently a survey has been done to find out the reading interests of senior middle school students. _______________________________