Unit 13 People
[写得准] 1.gain 加 2.emergency n. 紧急情况 3.deserve vt. 应得，值得 4.accuse vt. 控告，谴责
[用得活] 获得；增 用所给词的适当形式填空 1.You should make an
br />[积得多] 1.归纳?ency 结尾名词 ①emergency 况 ②efficiency 效率； 功率 ③tendency 趋向；趋势 ④fluency 流利；流畅 ⑤frequency 频率 2.“词中词”法帮你记 ①serve→deserve 值得 ②ant→distant ③have→behave ④arm→harm ⑤plain→explain 释 ⑥star→starve ⑦end→tend 挨饿 趋向 解 表现 紧急情
apology to someone you hurt at an appropriate (appropriately) time. 2.We should concentrate our energy on the game
5.glare vi. 怒视，瞪 6.desire n. 渴望；欲望 7.requirement n. 要求 8.confirm v. 9.grateful adj. 激的 10.upset adj. 的 11.strength n ． 长 处 ， 优 势 →strengthen v ．增强，加 强 →strong adj. 强壮的 12.appropriately adv. 适当地 →appropriate adj.合适的，恰 当的 13.concentrate vi. 集 中 ( 思 想、 注意力等)→concentration 不安的，不快 证实 感谢的，感
for lack of concentration may cause us to lose the game. (concentrate) 3.My brother is absorbed in strengthening himself by taking outdoor
exercise every day; now he is so strong that I dare not measure strength against him.(strength) 4.The old scientist is devoted to studying
3.不要“不安或烦恼” ①bother 烦扰； 使??不 安 ②disturb ③trouble 恼 ④annoy 怒 ⑤irritate 怒⑥upset 快的 激怒，使发 不安的，不 使烦恼；使恼 麻烦；使烦
space, and he attaches importance to it. His spirit of devotion
14.associate vt. 联 想 ， 联 系 →association n．联想；协会
deserves learning from.
15.expression n．表情；词语； He said he would go on 感情→express vt.表达；表示 16.accurately adv.精确地，准 devoting himself to the science field.(devote)
确地→accurate adj.精确的， 准确的→accuracy n．精确，准 确 17.description n．描述，形容 →describe v．描写，描述 18.predict vt. 预 言 ， 预 测 →prediction n ．预测，预 告 →predictor n．预言家 19.failure n．失败→fail vi. 失败 20.satisfaction n．满意，满 足→satisfy vt.使满意，使满 足 →satisfied adj. 感 到 满 意 的→satisfying adj. 令人满意 的 21.independent adj. 独 立 的 →independence
5.I am lacking in words and expressions to
4.“看”遍天下 ①notice 注意到，留心 ②observe ③watch ④stare (at) 着看 ⑤glance (at) 匆匆看 凝视，盯
express how grateful I feel and I will give my headteacher the present as an expression of
gratitude.(express) 6.We live in an
一眼；瞥 ⑥glare (at) ⑦witness 经历，见证
independent country so we must depend on ourselves; liberty and independence is our state principle forever.(independent) 7.To the mother's son
5.“获得”动词集锦 ①gain 获得；增加 ②win 获得；得到 ③acquire 获得；取得 ④obtain 获得；得到 ⑤earn 获得，赢得
n ． 独 立 results in study, which, ⑥secure 得到，获得
of course, the satisfied whole ⑦get 得到，获得 6.由 anxious 想到的 ①angry 愤怒的，气愤的 ②eager 急切的， 渴望的
→depend vi.依赖，依靠 22.relief n ． 减 轻 ， 宽 慰 →relieve v．使安慰，缓解 23.anxiety n ． 忧 虑 ； 担 心 →anxious adj.忧虑的；焦急的 →anxiously adv.忧虑地；焦急 地
family.(satisfaction) 8.As a predictor,_though he tried his best to predict everything, the majority of predictions made were often
③depressed 意志消沉的 ④surprised ⑤bored ⑥ashamed 的 惊讶的
无聊的； 烦人的 羞愧的，惭愧
24.account n．(银行)账户；描 he 述，叙述；报告；解释，说明 →accountant n．会计；会计师 25.judge vt. 评 判 n ． 法 官 →judgement n．判断，判断力 26.devotion n ．奉献→devote
wrong.(predict) 9.To predict the weather accurately and give us more information, accurate the
vt. 献 身 于 ， 专 心 致 志 于 observers try their best
→devoted adj.献身的，忠诚的 to guarantee the accuracy of their
answer, and the moment she listened to his
advice she had no more anxieties. (anxious) 11.The judge said,
“Judging from the man's behavior, our judgment is practical.” (judge)
Ⅱ.短语—在应用中记牢，在归纳中记多 [写得准] 1.come_up_with 出，想出 2.concentrate_on 中于；专注于 3.talk_sb.into_doing_s th. 说服某人做某事 4.draw_up 起草 5.be_popular_with_... 受??欢迎 6.on the other hand 一方面 7.in_terms_of 而言；从 某个角度上看 8.accuse_sb._of_... 控告某人?? 9.react_to 出反应 10.can't_help_doing_st h. 对??作 就?? 另 集 提 [用得活] 选用左栏短语填空 1.They didn't fight, and just only stood there glaring_at each other. 2.Compared_to other vehicles, cars are really quite convenient. 3.The scientists are beating their brains out trying to come_up_with a solution to the problem. 4.He was_devoted_to putting/bringing an end to the terrible disease. 5.As for money, he's quite rich, but not in_terms_of happiness. 6.With so much noise outside, I have some difficulty in concentrating_on my [积得多] 1.“集中精力”短语大全 ①concentrate on ②focus on 集中于 ③be lost in 埋头于 集中于
④be buried in 专心于 ⑤be absorbed in 全神贯注于
⑥fix one's mind on 把注意力 集中在 ⑦be devoted to 专心于 2.“v.＋sb.＋of＋sth.”短语大 团圆 ①accuse sb. of sth. 控告某 人?? ②cure sb. of sth. 某病 ③remind sb. of sth. 人某事 ④warn sb. of sth. 警告某人某 事 ⑤suspect sb. of sth. 人某事
禁不住要做某事 11.be_devoted_to_ 奉 献；致力于 12.compared_to 和??比较起来 13.be_willing_to_do_st h. 愿意做某事 14.end_up 为??； 以??结束 15.deal_with 处理，对 付 16.to_be_honest 说实 话 17.glare_at 怒视 结果
homework. 7.Smell the flowers before you go to sleep, and you may just end_up with sweet dreams. 8.With the world changing fast, to deal_with something new we should exchange information with the others every day.
⑥rob sb. of sth. 物
⑦inform sb. of sth. 人某事 3.“说服”短语清单
①talk/argue sb. out of doing sth. 说服某人不做某事 ②talk/argue sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做某事 ③persuade sb.(not) to do sth. 说服某人(不)做某事
Ⅲ.句式—在解读中学懂，在仿写中学通 [背原句] 1.It is generally believed that people with high EQs are open to new ideas and have positive attitudes towards life. 人们普遍认为高情商的人善于接受新 观念，对待生活持积极态度。 2.On the other hand, there is little doubt that people with low EQs often have problems getting on with other people and dealing with difficult situations ... 另一方面，毫无疑问的是，低情商的人 经常在与别人相处和处理困难形势时 有问题??
[会仿用] 一般认为阅读能增加我们的知识， 使我们心胸开阔。
it 作形式主语。 It_is_believed_that
can increase our knowledge and broaden our mind.
there little/no doubt
无疑这个人不知道应向谁征求意 见。 There_was_no/little_doubt_tha t the man didn't know who to ask
that ...“ 毫
无疑问??”。 advice from.
3.I really dislike it when he eats garlic for lunch. 我真的不喜欢他午饭吃大蒜。 4.Perhaps the postcode was wrong, and that's why the letter never arrived. 可能邮政编码错了， 那就是信一直未收 到的原因。
我不喜欢她对我做事指手画脚。 it 作形式宾语。 I don't love_it_when she tells me how to do things. 他将去国外学习很长一段时间， that's why ... “那就是?? 的原因”，why 那就是我们明天将为他送行的原 因。 He will go abroad to study for
引导表语从句。 a long time; that's_why we will see him off tomorrow.
第一板块| 核心单词归纳集释 1．concentrate vi. 集中(思想、注意力等) [高考佳句] From then on, I began to concentrate on every small thing in my
studies.(2014·湖北高考短文写作) 从那时起，我开始专注于我学习中的每一件小事。 concentrate on (doing) sth. 聚精会神于(做)某事
concentrate one's attention/efforts/thoughts on/upon ... 集中某人的注意力/努力/思想于?? ①For example, I can just concentrate on reading (read) for a short time.(2013·四川高考书面表达) 例如，我只能专注于短时间阅读。 ②Water companies should concentrate_all_their_efforts_on/upon reducing waste instead of building new loads of lakes. 自来水公司应该努力减少水浪费，而不是修建许多新水库。 2．deserve vt.应得，值得 [高考佳句] No matter how ordinary a job is, it plays a part in society and therefore deserves our due respect. (2013·广东高考读写任务) 不管是多么平凡的工作，它在社会中都起着一定的作用，因此值得我们应有的尊敬。 deserve＋n. deserve to do sth. deserve doing/to be done 值得??；应得?? 值得做??；应该做?? 某事值得做
①It's true that she was in poor condition but she hardly deserves to_lose (lose) her job. 她的确健康状况不好，但她不应该被解雇。 ② Global warming is such a great threat that all the options deserve to_be_explored/exploring/exploration (explore)． 全球变暖是如此大的威胁，以至于所有的选择都值得一试。 [名师指津] deserve doing 与 deserve to be done 的意义相同，即可跟动名词的主 动形式表示被动意义，有类似用法的词语还有：need, want, require, be worth 等。 3．accuse vt.控告，谴责 [教材原句] Accused of stealing money, the man was brought to court.
那个人因被指控偷了钱而被带上法庭。 (1)accuse sb. of (doing) sth.＝charge sb. with (doing) sth. 因(做)某事而指责某人 (2)the accused ①The neighbour who was once playing my radio too loudly. 曾经被指控谋杀未遂的邻居指责我把收音机声音开得太大。 ②The accused (accuse) got what they deserved. 被告罪有应得。 4．desire n．渴望，欲望 v．渴望，想要 [高考佳句] I had a strong desire to reach in and play with the toy, but was held back thankfully by the shop window.(2015·湖南高考单选) 我有一种强烈的欲望， 想伸手进去拿那个玩具玩，但幸亏我被商店的橱窗挡住了。 (1)a desire for sth. have a desire to do/that ... (2)desire to do sth. desire sb.to do sth. desire that sb.(should＋) do ... 希望/要求某人做?? ①Her motivation for writing was a_desire_for women to get the right to higher education.(2014·湖北高考单选) 她写作的动机是渴望妇女能得到接受高等教育的权利。 ②It's desired that this remark (should)be_brought (bring) to the attention of the students who get used to getting up late. 希望这个评论会引起那些习惯于晚起床的学生们的注意。 [ 名师指津 ] desire 后接宾语从句、同位语从句或表语从句时，从句谓语动词用 渴望得到某物 有??的欲望/愿望 渴望做某事 想让某人做某事 被告 charged with attempted murder accused__me_of
“should＋动词原形”，should 可以省略。 5．account vt.认为是，视为 n．(银行)账户；账目；叙述；报道；解释，说明 [高考佳句] It is said that body language accounts for 55 per cent of a first impression while what you say just 7 per cent.(2015·福建高考单选) 据说肢体语言占第一印象的 55%，而你说的话只占 7%。
account for on account of on no account
说明(原因等)；作出解释 由于，因为 决不(放在句首时， 句子要倒装)
take ...into account/take account of ＝take ...into consideration 考虑到?? ①On_account_of lack of human protection, the number of Yangtze finless porpoise is becoming smaller and smaller. (2013·重庆高考写作) 由于缺少人类的保护，长江江豚的数量越来越少。 ②On no account should_we go to bed with the door open, and on no account can_you go out by yourself whatever happens outside. 我们无论如何不应该开着门睡觉，而且不管外面发生什么事你都决不能独自出去。 ③Taking (take) his age into account, we shouldn't request too much from him. 考虑到他的年龄，我们不该对他要求太多。 [联想发散] 表示“决不”的短语还有： ①in no way ③by no means ④in no case ⑤on/under no condition ⑥on no consideration ⑦under no circumstances 6．judge n．裁判，法官 vt.评判；判断；审判，判决 [经典例句] I am in no position to judge whether what she is doing is right or wrong.(朗文 P1362) 我无权评判她在做的事是对是错。 (1)judge sb./sth. (to be) ... judging from/by ... as far as I can judge (2)judg(e)ment n. 判断某人/某物(是)?? 根据??判断 据我判断，我认为 判断，判断力 ②at no time
①He judged_them_(to_be)_the_best_plays he had ever seen. 他认为它们是他看过的最好的戏剧。 ②Judging (judge)by/from what he said, his request was reasonable. 从他说的话判断，他的要求是合情合理的。 ③As_far_as_I_can_judge,_it's dangerous to give a drunk man a lift at night. 依我看来，在晚上搭载一个醉酒的人是危险的。 7．devote vt.献身于，专心致志于 [高考佳句] You will never gain success unless you are fully devoted to your
work.(2014·湖南高考单选) 除非你完全投入到你的工作中，否则你就永远不会取得成功。 (1)devote one's time/energy/effort/money to (doing) sth. 为(做)某事付出时间/精力/努力/金钱 devote oneself to (2)devoted adj. be devoted to ... (3)devotion n. 致力于；献身于 忠实的，深爱的 专心于??；对??忠诚/热爱 关爱，关照；奉献，忠诚
①Devoted_to_the_study_of_science,_she had little time to wander in the street. 她献身于科学研究几乎没有时间在街上闲逛。 ②The dog had such devotion (devote) to its master that it would not leave him, even when he was dead. 这只狗对它的主人是如此的忠诚，甚至当他死了它也不愿离开。 [单词集成训练] Ⅰ.基础点全练(单句语法填空/完成句子) 1．I found it hard to keep my concentration (concentrate) with such a noise going on. 2．What comes first is to keep an open mind, because everyone'sideas deserve consideration/to_be_considered/considering (consider)． 3．Judging (judge) by what he was dressed in, the man couldn't be well?off. 4．The flies kept upsetting Li Lei when he was doing his homework. He was so upset that he upset the cup on the desk.(upset) 5．There is nothing to be gained from delaying the decision. 6．I don't think anyone can accuse me of not being frank. 7．The test is used to determine candidates' strengths_and_weaknesses (长处 和弱点)． 8．On_no_account_must_the_patient (这个病人绝不能) be moved until a doctor has arrived on the scene. Ⅱ.重难点多练 1．desire 面面观 单句语法填空 ①My parents desire me to_enter (enter) a school that is attached to a famous university. ②The public desired that the result (should)_be_made (make) public.
③It is obvious that they have no desire for peace. 2．devote 多棱镜 (1)用所给词的适当形式填空 ①Her devotion (devote) to the job left her with very little free time. ②Devoted (devote) to him, but she no longer loved him madly. ③It's said that an old man devoted himself to helping (help) 11 homeless children by begging for food. (2)根据汉语提示完成片段 Li Lei is my ④devoted (忠诚的) friend. Since graduation, he ⑤has_been_devoted_ to/has_devoted_himself_to (一直致力于) improving the education of the local people. In addition to teaching, he ⑥has_devoted_a_lot_of_time_to (为??付出很多时间) raising money to build more schools. His ⑦devotion_to_his_work (对工作的奉献 ) moves the local people deeply. Ⅲ.阅读词汇专练 1．根据语境选出 account 的词性和词义 (A)n.账，账目 (B)n.描述 (C)vi.是??的原因 (F)vt.认为是
① Several eyewitnesses' accounts differed considerably from the official version of events. ②How do you account for the show's success？ __D__ ③The accounts show that the business is beginning to improve. __A__ ④The poor weather may have accounted for the small crowd. __C__ ⑤Imports from Japan accounted for 30% of the total. __E__ ⑥In English law a person is accounted innocent until they are proved guilty. __F__ 2．根据语境选出 judge 的词性和词义 (A)n.法官，审判员 (C)n.鉴定人，鉴赏家 (B)n.裁判员，评判员 (D)v.判断，断定 __B__
①A group of five judges will listen to your report next week. __B__
②My neighbor is a good judge of character. __C__ ③The judge sentenced him to five years in prison. __A__ ④It is only shallow people who judge by appearances. __D__ 第二板块| 短语句型归纳集释 1．talk sb. into doing sth.说服某人做某事 [教材原句] Go and see your teacher and try to talk him or her into giving you a better grade. 去找你的任课老师，想法说服他或她给你较好的分数。
talk sb. out of (doing) sth. talk of talking of ...
说服某人不做某事 谈到，说到 说起??；谈到??(通常置于句首)
①I can't talk_her_out_of_giving_up her dream of being a physician. 我不能说服她放弃成为一名内科医生的梦想。 ②Talking (talk) of literature, do you have any interest in Lu Xun's works. 谈到文学，你对鲁迅的作品有兴趣吗？ [联想发散] 类似于 talk sb. into doing ...的结构还有： ①persuade sb. into doing ... ②argue sb. into doing ... ③trap sb. into doing ... ④fool sb. into doing ... ⑤frighten sb. into doing ... 说服某人做?? 说服某人做?? 欺骗某人做?? 欺骗某人做?? 恐吓某人做??
2．in terms of 就??而言；在??方面；从某个角度上看 [高考佳句] It is widely acknowledged that students should be evaluated in terms of overall quality. (2014·福建高考单选) 人们普遍认为应该依据其综合素质来评价学生。 be on good/bad/friendly terms with sb. 与某人关系好/不好/友好 come to terms with ... 对??让步，接受(不愉快的事)
in the long/short term
①In the long term, it is necessary to be on good terms with people around us, so we should learn to come to terms with others. 从长远来看，与周围的人处好关系很有必要，所以我们要学会迁就别人。 ②Bear in mind that with humor sense, you can always
be_on_good_terms_with_others. 牢记拥有幽默感，你就能总是和其他人保持友好关系。 3．can't help doing sth.禁不住要做某事 [ 教材原句 ] I couldn't help laughing at this and I invited her back to my
apartment for a quick cup of tea. 我禁不住笑了，并邀请她到我的公寓来喝杯茶。 can't help (to) do sth. can not help but do sth. can not choose but do sth. 不能帮忙做某事 不得不做某事 不得不做某事
①She can't_help_(to)_clean_the_house because she's busy reading a detective novel. 她不能帮忙打扫屋子因为她正忙于看一部侦探小说。 ②The last bus left. We could not choose but walk (walk)home. 最后一班公共汽车走了。我们不得不步行回家。 [联想发散] 表示“别无选择只好做某事，不得不做某事”的表达，除 can't help but do sth.以外还有： ①can't do anything but do sth. ＝can do nothing but do sth. ②have no choice but to do sth. ＝have no alternative but to do sth. 4．end up 结果为??；以??结束 [经典例句] He'll end up in prison if he's not careful.(朗文 P617) 如果他不小心，最后会锒铛入狱的。 end up doing sth. end up with ... end up as ... 以??结束/告终 以??而结束 结果成为(职位)
①We end up with nothing after all these years, and that's your fault. 这么多年，我们一无所得，都是你的责任。 ②Joining the firm as a clerk, he got rapid promotion, and ended_up_ as_ a
_manager.(2010·天津高考单选) 成为这家公司的职员后，他升职很快，最终成为一名经理。 5．I really dislike it when he eats garlic for lunch. 我真的不喜欢他午饭吃大蒜。 (1)句中 it 为形式宾语，真正的宾语为 when 引导的宾语从句。英语中，某些表示“喜、 怒、哀、乐”的动词，如 like, enjoy, love, have, dislike, appreciate, prefer 等接 when/if 引导的从句作宾语时，通常用 it 作形式宾语，而把宾语从句放在 it 之后。 ①Many women dislike it when men smoke in their presence. 许多女士不喜欢男士们当着她们的面吸烟。 ②I'd prefer it if_I_didn't_have_to_do so much work. 要是我不必做那么多工作就太好了。 ③I hate_it_when_people_talk with their mouths full. 我讨厌人们说话时满嘴食物。 (2)类似的用法还有 see to it that ...“务必”；depend on it that ...“依赖/相 信”；take it for granted that ...“认为??是理所当然的”等。 ④You can not depend_on_it_that they will do loads of work. 你不可以相信他们会做大量的工作。 6．Perhaps the postcode was wrong, and that's_why the letter never arrived. 可能邮政编码错了，那就是信一直未收到的原因。 句中 that's why ...为固定表达，意为“那就是??的原因”，其中 why 引导表语从 句，该句型强调结果。 ①Examinations are hanging over her head — that's why she can't sleep at nights. 她大脑里想的都是考试，那就是她晚上无法入睡的原因。 ②I had neither a raincoat nor an umbrella. That's_why I got wet all through. 我既没穿雨衣，也没带雨伞，那就是我全身淋湿的原因。 [名师指津] That's because ...“那是因为??”，because 也引导表语从句，但该 句型强调原因。 ③We didn't lend him money.That's because we are not too familiar with him. 我们没借给他钱是因为我们对他不是很熟悉。 [短语句型集成训练] Ⅰ.基础点全练 1．单句语法填空/单句改错 ①There's no doubt that Ye Shiwen is one of the best women swimmers in the world. ②And whatever they end up doing (do), they will be teaching themselves a great
deal. ③He's more of a talker than a doer. That's why he never finishes anything. ④Not once has she given in to any difficulty in her life and that's because she is a strong?willed woman. ⑤All dogs have the same ancestor. It is believed that their ancestor was much like a wolf. ⑥I dislike when others laugh at me in public or think poorly of me behind. dislike 后加 it ⑦It is great satisfaction to know that she is well again.great 前加 a ⑧A 200?year?old building is very old in term of American history. term→terms 2．运用所学短语完成片段 When I paid a visit to my friend Tom yesterday, he was ①concentrating_on (正 专注于) ②drawing_up (起草) an important plan. He ③talked/persuaded_me_into (说 服 我 ) joining him. ④ To_be_honest ( 说 实 话 ), Tom is a man who ⑤ is_devoted_to/devotes_himself_to (致力于) his work and always ⑥comes_up_with (提 出) some good ideas. What's more, he is a warm?hearted man who ⑦is_willing_to (愿 意 ) help others to ⑧deal_with ( 处 理 ) problems. We all like him very much. ⑨In_terms_of (就??而言) future, we hope he will ⑩end_up_having (最终拥有) a happy life. Ⅱ.重难点多练 1．talk sb. into doing sth.相关短语全接触 (1)单句语法填空 ①They talked him into withdrawing (withdraw) his complaint. ②Talking of Jim, have you seen him recently? (2)根据汉语提示完成片段 Last year, ③Mary_was_talked/persuaded/argued_into (玛丽被说服) marrying Tom but was badly treated. Tom often ④frightened_her_into (恐吓她) doing everything for him. Nowadays, whenever ⑤talking_of (谈到；提及) her marriage, Mary always bursts into tears. 2．can't help doing sth.相关短语一站清 单句语法填空 ①She can't help (to)_look (look) after your child because she's busy making a cake. ②When he goes back to his hometown, he can't help remembering (remember) his
childhood. ③She couldn't help but wonder what he was thinking. ④They had no alternative but to_give (give) up the plan.
一、单元考点落实练(练基础)(限时：40 分钟) Ⅰ.单词拼写 1．Judging (判断) from his tone, there's no doubt he is against it. 2．According to the survey, more and more teenagers hope to be independent (独 立的；自立的) of their parents. 3．Have your report met the requirement (要求) of the professor? 4．He was accused (指控) of drunk driving and put into prison. 5．He devoted (致力于) his whole life to the cure of cancer. 6．They were standing, glaring (怒视) at each other across the table. 7．She desires (渴望) that you (should) write to her as soon as possible. 8．To my satisfaction (满意), my son has been absorbed in his study. 9．Concentrating (集中) attention upon development is the main task of some local governments. 10．He described (描述) the accident to the traffic police in detail. Ⅱ.单句语法填空 1．I would appreciate it if you called back this afternoon for the hairdressing appointment. 2．Wallace Chung can sing, dance and act as well.This is why he has appealed to his fans for nearly 20 years. 3．He is an able man, but on the other hand he demands too much of people. 4．The soldiers should on no account be blamed for what happened. 5．Most of the best lawyers and salesmen really have a gift for persuasion. 6．It is_predicted (predict) that the price of house will continue to fall. 7．We could_have_arrived (arrive) here on time but we were caught in a traffic jam. 8．She couldn't help but solve (solve) the problem by herself. 9．Devoted (devote) to his research work, the professor cared little about any other things.
10．We are supposed to be on good terms with all our neighbours. 11．With relief, she saw the old man rowing an ancient?looking boat towards her. 12．It is believed that the troops have already crossed the border. 13 ． The policeman talked the man out of jumping (jump) from the top of the building. 14．My mother desires that I (should)_go (go) abroad for further education. 15．He was charged with cheating in the examination.That is, he was accused of cheating in the examination. Ⅲ.单句改错 1．You can't help but to start moving when you hear this song.去掉 to 2．Li Tan was charged by the police of breaking the law. of→with 3．The boss keeps finding faults with my work; for some reason he's been getting at me all day.faults→fault 4．Judged by the number of cars, he thought, there were not many people at the club.Judged→Judging 5．With our relief, children all arrived home safely.With→To 6．He devoted his whole life to promote world peace. promote→promoting 7．Many media in the world concentrate their attention to the submit of the Group of Twenty.to→on/upon 8．The judge looked up from his notes to glare to him.第二个 to→at 9．There is little doubt whether he will win the match.whether→that 10．We were going to go camping, but ended up watch TV at home because of the heavy rain.watch→watching Ⅳ.课文缩写语法填空 Most students do an IQ test early in their school career because they believe that it is IQ ①that determines how well they're going to do in life. ②However,_new research into EQ suggests that success is not simply the result of a high IQ. Professor Salovey, who invented the term EQ, gives the following ③description (describe): At work, it is IQ that gets you ④hired (hire) but it is EQ that gets you promoted. ⑤Supported (support) by his academic research, Professor Salovey suggests that when predicting someone's future success, their character, as measured by EQ tests, might ⑥actually (actual) matter more than their IQ. The result of studies shows that EQ is ⑦as important, if not more important than IQ. To get ahead in the world and lead ⑧a happy successful life means getting
on ⑨with other people and ⑩being (be) able to understand and react to situations in the best way possible. Ⅴ.用本单元所学知识完成写作训练 (一)依据提示补全短文 Our teacher told us Helen Keller's story yesterday afternoon, 1 and (but/and/or) we all 2 couldn't_help_crying (禁不住哭了)．①Though Helen Keller was disabled, she had a strong desire to learn. 3 To_our_great_relief (让我们感到很欣慰的是), with the help of Ms Sullivan, she was able to put her heart into her study and graduated from college. Later on, she 4 devoted_herself_to/was_devoted_to (致力于) helping the blind and deaf children. ②People believe that she was one of the greatest women in the 20th century and 5 there_is_no_doubt_that (毫无疑问) she is worthy of our respect. (二)按要求将词汇句式升级 1．用本单元高级词汇替换加黑短语 (1)put her heart into→concentrate_on (2)is worthy of→deserves 2．按要求进行句式改写 (1)用倒装句改写句① Disabled_though/as_Helen_Keller_was,_she_had_a_strong_desire_to_learn. (2)用 it 作形式主语改写句② It_is_believed_that_she_was_one_of_the_greatest_women in the 20th century and there is no doubt that she is worthy of our respect. 二、完形填空提能练(练专项)(限时：20 分钟) (2016·洛阳高考模拟)Eight?year?old Owen Hawkins suffers from growth delay and poor eyesight. This __1__ that Owen needs a wheelchair to get around. Not __2__， he felt people were staring at him and that made him very uncomfortable, so he became lonely and even stopped going outside of his house. That, however, was all __3__ Haatchi came into his life! Haatchi had a very __4__ start to life, too. Tied __5__ a railway track when he was just five months old, the dog was hit by a train. The hit __6__ his tail and a leg so badly that both had to be __7__. Taken to a rescue shelter, the dog would have probably been __8__ if his story posted on Facebook had not been seen by Owen's
dad Will. He __9__ in love with Haatchi and decided to keep him, __10__ that they were helping him. It turns out that __11__ was Haatchi who helped them. By always staying at young Owen's __12__， he became the boy's best friend. Slowly Owen liked to go outside. __13__ he goes, the dog follows and protects him. Owen now proudly walks around the neighborhood, __14__ his dog and telling anyone willing to listen to Haatchi's story. Haatchi's __15__ influence on the young boy has not gone unnoticed. In October 2014, the International Fund of Animal Welfare __16__ him with a special award. The amazing friendship between the two has also been shown in a __17__ short film called
A Boy and His Dog by students from the film?making class at the University of
Hertfordshire. It has won several awards and had almost 2 million __18__. British best?selling author Wendy Holden has also written about this moving __19__ in a heartwarming children's book, which was released on February 13th and has made Owen and Haatchi better __20__. 语篇解读：本文是一篇记叙文。Owen Hawkins 的父亲 Will 本想帮助一只受伤的狗，没 想到这只狗却帮助了自己的儿子。 这个患病且孤独自闭的孩子在这只狗的陪伴下， 变得阳光 快乐起来。后来这个感人的故事被拍成电影，写进儿童读物，感动了无数人。 1．A.insists C．proves B．announces D．means
解析：选 D 本句中的“This”指代上句整个句子，由此结合选项可知，答案选 D，意 为“意味着”，指 Owen Hawkins 的发育迟缓和视力差意味着他要坐在轮椅上四处走动。 2．A.surprisingly C．disappointingly B．excitingly D．strikingly
解析：选 A 句意：不出意料地，他感到人们都在盯着他看，这使他很不舒服，因此他 变得孤独甚至不愿外出。 根据句意可知， 答案选 A， 意为“令人奇怪地”， not surprisingly 意为“不出意料地”。 3．A.after C．before B．since D．when
解析：选 C 根据下文内容可知，这种孤独封闭的生活发生在 Haatchi 到来之前。故选 C，意为“在??之前”。 4．A.fortunate C．pleasant B．unlucky D．irregular
解析：选 B 根据本句中的“too”及下句中的“the dog was hit by a train”可知， Haatchi 幼年时也遭遇过不幸。故选 B，意为“不幸运的”。
解析：选 D be tied to 是固定短语，意为“绑/拴在??上”，此处指 Haatchi 五个 月大时被拴在火车轨道上。故选 D。 6．A.injured C．hurt B．wounded D．harmed
解析：选 A 根据上文可知，此处强调在事故中造成的严重伤害，故选 A。wound 强调 刀、枪、剑等武器造成的伤；hurt 强调身体或肉体上的疼痛，侧重强调功能的损失，程度 比 injure 轻；harm 强调造成的害处。 7．A.cut down C．cut off B．cut in D．cut up
解析：选 C 根据句中的“so badly”可知，此处指狗的尾巴和一条腿伤得很严重，不 得不切掉。故选 C，意为“切掉，切断，隔绝”。cut down“砍倒，减少”；cut in“插嘴， 插队”；cut up“切碎”。 8．A.lost C．saved 解析：选 B B．killed D．protected 由本句句意可知，小狗被带到了收容所，如果不是小狗的故事被放到
Facebook 上被 Owen 的爸爸看见，它可能会有一个悲惨的结局。故此处应选一个贬义词，强 调狗会有一个悲惨的结局。故选 B。 9．A.felt C．failed B．filled D．fell
解析：选 D fall in love with 是固定短语，意为“爱上”，符合语境。故选 D。 10．A.thinking C．to think B．thought D．having thought
解析：选 A “think”在本句中是非谓语动词，作伴随状语，与其逻辑主语即句子主 语“He”之间是主动关系，故选 A。 11．A.that C．this B．it D．what
解析：选 B 根据句意和结构可知，“________ was Haatchi who helped them”是强 调句。故选 B。 12．A.memory C．side B．heart D．shoulder
解析：选 C 根据故事内容和空格后的“he became the boy's best friend”可知， 此处指这只狗一直陪在 Owen 身边。故选 C。
解析：选 C 句意：慢慢地 Owen 开始喜欢外出，无论他去哪里，小狗都跟随着他、保 护他。故选 C，意为“无论哪里”。 14．A.showing off C．showing around 解析：选 A B．showing up D．showing out
根据上文中的“proudly”及下文中的“telling anyone willing to
listen to Haatchi's story”可知，Owen 现在喜欢四处走走，向别人炫耀自己的小狗。故 选 A， 意为“炫耀”， 能够体现出 Owen 对狗的喜爱之情。 show up“出现”； show around“带 某人四处走走”；show out“送出(客人)”。 15．A.attractive C．imaginative B．positive D．passive
解析： 选 B 根据上文可知， Owen 从一个孤独自闭的孩子变成了一个愿意出门与别人交 流的孩子，由此可知，Haatchi 对他产生了积极影响。故选 B，意为“积极的”。 16．A.prepared C．prevented B．pretended D．presented
解析：选 D 句意：2014 年 10 月，国际爱护动物基金会给他颁发了一个特别奖。故选 D，present ... with 意为“颁发”。 17．A.touching C．boring B．disgusting D．loving
解析：选 A 根据上文内容可知，根据 Owen 和 Haatchi 的故事改编成的电影应该是令 人感动的。故选 A，意为“感人的”，同时与下文中的“moving”相照应。 18．A.companions C．fans B．audiences D．participants
解析：选 B 因为 A Boy and His Dog 是一部电影，由此可知，答案应选 B，意为“观 众”。 19．A.leadership C．hardship B．relationship D．friendship
解析：选 D 根据上段中的“he became the boy's best friend”以及本段第三句“The amazing friendship”可知，答案选 D，意为“友谊”。 20．A.educated C．known B．understood D．developed
解析：选 C 句意：英国畅销书作家 Wendy Holden 也在一本暖心的儿童书中写到了这 段感人的友谊， 这本书在 2 月 13 号发行， 让 Owen 和 Haatchi 更加广为人知。 know“知道”，
课时练(二) 阅读理解提速练(练速度) (限时：35 分钟) Ⅰ.阅读理解 A (2016·东北三省三校第一次联考)Scientists in Argentina have created the world's first cow with two human genes that will enable it to produce human?like milk. Genetic engineering was used to introduce the “mothers' milk” genes into the animal before birth, according to the National Institute of Agribusiness Technology in Buenos Aires. As an adult, the cloned cow “will produce milk that is similar to that of humans”， which will prove “a development of great importance for the nutrition of infants (婴儿)”， said the institute. “The cloned cow, named Rosita ISA, is the first in the world with two human genes that contain the proteins present in human milk，” said the statement. In April, scientists in China published details of research showing that they had created dairy cows which produced milk containing proteins found in human breast milk. But the Argentine team said the Chinese only introduced one human gene, while their research involved two, meaning the milk will more_closely_resemble that of humans. “Our goal was to raise the nutrition value of cows' milk by adding two human genes, which do good to the immune system of infants，” said Adrian Mutto, from the National University of San Martin which worked with the institute. Cristina Kirchner, President of Argentina, said the scientific institute made all Argentines proud. She also said that she had rejected the “honor” of having the cow named after her. “They came to tell me that the name is Cristina, but what woman would like to have a cow named after her? It appeared to me to be more proper to call it Rosita.” 语篇解读：本文是一篇科普说明文。阿根廷国家农业综合科技研究所的科学家们日前宣布， 他们已成功培育出一头能够产类似人奶的奶牛。 1．What is the passage mainly about? A．The importance of genetic engineering. B．Ways to improve mothers' milk.
C．A cloned cow to produce human?like milk. D．Advanced agricultural technology in Argentina. 解析：选 C 主旨大意题。根据文章第一段可知，阿根廷的科学家们已成功培育出一头 能够产类似人奶的奶牛。故选 C 项。 2．Which of the following can best replace “more closely resemble” in Paragraph 4? A．have more varieties than B．be more similar to C．have more nutrition than D．be more different from 解析：选 B 词义猜测题。根据第四段的第二句可知，阿根廷的研究组称中国研究组仅 放入了一个人类基因，而他们的研究包含了两个，这意味着产出的牛奶将和人奶更相似。故 选 B 项。 3．What can be inferred from Cristina Kirchner's statements? A．She was quite satisfied with the research done by the institute. B．She considered it an honor to name the special cow. C．She felt it improper to be named after the cow. D．She refused to give a name to the cow out of self?respect. 解析：选 A 推 理 判 断 题 。 根 据 最 后 一 段 Cristina Kirchner 的 话 “made all
Argentines proud”可推知，她对这个研究感到非常满意。故选 A 项。 B (2016·石家庄市教学质量检测)We don't always get a second chance to achieve our dreams. But some people are lucky, like Matthew McConaughey. Once almost unknown, the actor has recently found himself back on the list of the best actors in Hollywood. His new movie Interstellar is just another sign that his career reinvention has been an incredible success.“The film relies on McConaughey's performance to hold together the
emotional story of a father and his daughter against the background of space travel and the end of the world，” Forbes commented. But only years ago, the Texas native was often the butt of jokes (笑柄) about being too handsome. In 1993, after meeting with director Richard Linklater, McConaughey starred in Dazed and Confused. And a Hollywood career was born, mostly in romantic comedies. For a long time, the whole world believed McConaughey was just a handsome guy with comic talent.
But McConaughey stopped starring in that type of movie, and began to use his looks differently. Slowly he built up his reputation as a serious actor. In 2013, McConaughey was offered to play an AIDS activist in Dallas Buyers Club. The role saw the normally muscular actor losing 50 pounds in order to appear sick. His performance won him an Oscar for Best Actor. The actor gave thanks to someone he has always looked up to as a hero during his Oscar acceptance speech. When he was 15, the actor said, he decided that his hero would be himself in 10 years. But 10 years later, he pushed the deadline ahead another decade. Then 10 years later, another decade.“My hero's always 10 years away，” he said. “I'm never going to attain that. That keeps me with somebody to keep on chasing.” Or perhaps constantly chasing the chance to be his own hero has given him a second chance to pursue his dreams. 语篇解读： 本文是一篇人物介绍。 主要讲述了演员 McConaughey 因不满足自己所取得的 成绩， 不断挑战自我， 努力向前， 最终成为闻名好莱坞的著名演员， 成就了自己梦想的故事。 4．Why was McConaughey often the butt of jokes in his early career? A．He was limited to handsome roles. B．He was unknown to the audience. C．He played in romantic comedies. D．He was handsome and emotional. 解析：选 A 细节理解题。根据第二段可知，他因长相帅气而局限于扮演潇洒帅气的角 色而被当作笑柄。故 A 项正确。 5．What role won McConaughey an Oscar for Best Actor? A．A caring father. C．A serious buyer. B．An AIDS activist. D．A strong hero.
解析： 选 B 细节理解题。 根据第三段中的“In 2013, McConaughey was offered to play an AIDS activist ...His performance won him an Oscar for Best Actor.”可知 B 项正 确。 6．What can we learn about McConaughey? A．He was born in Hollywood. B．He has become a hero of his own. C．He wasn't famous until recently. D．He isn't content with his achievements. 解析：选 D 推理判断题。 根据最后一段中的“he decided that his hero would be himself ... going to attain that”可排除 B 项；根据第一段中的“Once almost unknown,
the actor ...best actors in Hollywood.”可知，他曾经出名过，排除 C 项；根据最后一 段中的“I'm never going to attain that ... keep on chasing.”可知，由于不满足于 现状，他不断追逐梦想，故 D 项正确。选项 A 全文并未涉及。 7．Which of the following can be the best title? A．McConaughey, a Romantic Comedian B．McConaughey, a Man Making a Hit C．McConaughey, a Man Daring to Change D．McConaughey, Handsome and Talented 解析：选 C 标题归纳题。纵观全文可知，文章主要讲述了著名演员 McConaughey 永 不满足于现状，不断挑战自我的故事。故 C 项正确。 C (2016·河北省七校联合考试)It was something she had dreamed of since she was five. Finally, after years of training and intensive workouts, Deborah Duffey was going to compete in her first high school basketball game. The goals of becoming an outstanding player and playing college ball were never far from Deborah's mind. The game was against Mills High School. With 1 minute and 42 seconds left in the game, Deborah's team led by one point. A player of Mills had possession of the ball, and Deborah ran to guard against her. As Deborah was running to block the player, her knee went out and she fell down on the court in burning pain. Just like that, Deborah's season was over. After suffering the bad injury, Deborah found that, for the first time in her life, she was in a situation beyond her control. Game after game, she could do nothing but sit on the sidelines watching others play the game that she loved so much. Injuries limited Deborah's time on the court as she hurt her knees three more times in the next five years. She had to spend countless hours in a physical clinic to receive treatment. Her frequent visits there gave her a passion and respect for the profession. And Deborah began to see a new light in her life.
Currently as a senior in college, Deborah focuses on getting a degree in physical treatment. After she graduates, Deborah plans to use her knowledge to educate people how to best take care of their bodies and cope_with the feelings of hopelessness that she remembers so well. 语篇解读：本文是一篇记叙文。主要介绍了 Deborah Duffey 是如何从篮球比赛的受伤 中获得新生的。 8．How did Deborah feel when she first hurt her knee?
A．Calm. C．Ashamed. 解析：选 D
B．Confused. D．Disappointed. 推理判断题。根据第三段中的“she was in a situation beyond her loved so much.”可推知，Deborah 在第一次膝盖受伤时感到失望，
control. Game ... 故选 D 项。
9．What is TRUE about Deborah Duffey? A．She didn't play on the court after the injury. B．She injured her knee when she was trying to block a player. C．She knew that she couldn't be a basketball player when she was a child. D．She refused to seek professional assistance to help her recover from her injuries. 解析：选 B 正误判断题。根据第二段中的“As Deborah was running to block the player ... on the court in burning pain.”可知，Deborah 在拦截一个球员时，膝盖受 伤了，故选 B 项。 10．What does the underlined phrase “cope with” in the last paragraph most likely mean? A．Put up with. C．Deal with. B．Get along with. D．Come up with.
解析：选 C 词义猜测题。根据文章最后一段的内容可知，Deborah Duffey 现在正在 大学学习物理疗法， 毕业后， 她打算利用所学的知识教育人们如何照顾身体和处理无助的感 觉。deal with“处理”，故选 C 项。 11．What is the best title for this passage? A．A Painful Mistake B．A Great Adventure C．A Lifelong Punishment D．A New Direction in Life 解析：选 D 标题归纳题。根据文章最后一段可知，Deborah Duffey 现在正在大学学 习物理疗法，毕业后，她打算利用所学知识教育人们如何照顾身体和处理无助的感觉，即 Deborah 找到了新的人生方向，故选 D 项。 D (2016·江西八所重点中学联考 )Lily, a student of Cambridge University, has bought a bicycle and is worried about safety. Her friend, Cathryn, found this article and sent it to her.
How to make your bicycle safe?
A number of crimes are against bicycles. About 150,000 bicycles are stolen every year and most of them are never found. You can prevent this from happening by following a few careful steps. Basic Security Never leave your bicycle in out?of?the?way places. Always lock your bicycle when you leave. Secure it to lamp posts or trees. Take off smaller parts and carry them with you, for example lights and saddles (车座)． Locks There are various types of locks. Buy one that has been tested against attack. Ask for a recommendation from a bike shop owner. Marking The security marking of your bike can act as an obstruction to thieves, which can also help the police find your bicycle. Your postcode and your house or flat number should be included and clearly recorded. This will provide a simple way to identify your bicycle. Registration There are many companies that will offer the security marking to your bicycle. They will then store your registration number and personal details in their computer database. If your bicycle is found, it will be easy to contact you. Attention Keep a record of the bicycle by yourself: its production place, model and registration number. You can even take a photograph of it. This will prove the bicycle belongs to you. 语篇解读：本文是一篇应用文。Lily 的朋友 Cathryn 为她找了一篇文章，文章提供了 一些保护自行车安全的建议。 12．Which part of the article gives the information on how to lock your bicycle when you leave? A．Basic Security. C．Marking. B．Locks. D．Registration.
解析： 选 A 细节理解题。 文章在 Basic Security 中提到“Always lock your bicycle ... lamp posts or trees.”，即当你离开时如何锁自行车，故 A 项正确。 13．Which one is WRONG about the security marking of a bicycle? A．It can ensure that the thieves won't steal the bike. B．Some companies can assist you in doing this.
C．It can help the police to find and identify the lost bike. D．The security marking database makes it easy to get in touch with the owner. 解析：选 A 正误判断题。Marking 部分提到“The security marking of your bike ... police find your bicycle.”，由此可知 security marking 能帮助警察找到你被偷的自行 车，但不能保证贼不偷你的车子，故 A 项表述错误。 14．The article advises you to keep a record of your bicycle ________. A．both in the bike shop and your computer B．either in a security company or your university C．by yourself and in a company that will offer security marking as well D．in the police station as well as a marketing company 解析：选 C 推理判断题。根据文章最后两段提到的“There are many companies that will offer the security marking to your bicycle ... computer database.”和“Keep a record of the bicycle by yourself: its production place, model and registration number.”可知，文章建议你可以自己记录自行车的产地、型号和注册号，还可以让一个提 供 security marking 的公司做记录，故 C 项正确。 15．Which of the following information may not be necessarily recorded? A．Your postcode and personal details. B．Both the type of the bike and its picture. C．The registration number of the bike as well as your address. D．Your personal information and recommendation in your computer database. 解析：选 D 细节理解题。根据文章最后三段中的“Your postcode and your house or flat number should be included and clearly recorded.”“They will then store your registration number ... computer database.”和“its production place, model ... photograph of it”可知，A、B、C 三项的信息都需要记录，D 项在文中未提及，故选 D 项。 Ⅱ.阅读七选五 (2016·潍坊市高三一模) How to Improve Eyesight Naturally Eyes are important for everybody. You must take care and try everything in hand to keep them in good condition. Here are some tips to improve your eyesight naturally. __1__ Strain is known to be a factor in many health conditions and eye strain is no exception. Try meditation, yoga or other methods of stress relief to improve your vision and overall health. Try palming.
Sit upright in a comfortable chair. __2__ Cup your hands so that there is no pressure on your eyes. Let your fingers rest across your forehead. There should be no light entering your eyes. Palming should be done for a period of 5 to 10 minutes to start. Palming should be relaxing. It may help to do palming in a darkened room. Avoid sugar as much as possible. __3__ It will unpleasantly affect your eyesight, which affects the eyes by producing a larger amount of insulin (胰岛素) in the blood. Therefore you shouldn't be having much fruit juice or something that contains a lot of sugar. Exercise your eyes. The only exercise most eyes get is daily rubbing when we're tired or suffering from eye strain. But eye exercise is actually good for your eyes and can improve your vision. __4__ Blink as fast as you can for a few seconds, then close your eyes tightly, open and repeat. Do this exercise 3 to 4 times daily. Eat healthy foods. You probably hear the statement all the time that eating the right foods is necessary for good health. __5__ Foods that are high in fiber, vitamin C, D and beta?carotene as well as other vitamins and minerals can help improve your vision. Here are a few foods that can be beneficial to good vision: carrots, eggs, blueberries, spinach, kale, grapes, and fresh garlic. A．Reduce eye strain. B．Keep your eyes moist. C．Sugar is your eyes' worst enemy. D．Give your eyes a workout with the following exercise. E．You may not be aware that your diet affects your vision, but it does. F．Close your eyes and cover them with the palms of your hands. G．Be sure to get plenty of sleep so that your eyes don't strain to stay open during the day. 答案：1～5 AFCDE 课时练(三) 第Ⅱ卷强化增分练(练规范) (限时：45 分钟) Ⅰ.语法填空 (2016·贵阳市适应性监测考试)Just the other day the family and I were sitting down at the table __1__ (prepare) to eat dinner. My wife grabbed the plates out of the kitchen and placed them in front of us.__2__ (immediate) my son screamed, “I
don't want this. I want something I like.” He had never had what we were eating before.It was new to him.The color combination was not like any other food he had ever __3__ (consume). The smell and texture was__4__ (difference). Instead of trying the new he would rather starve. Instead__5__changing he would rather get in trouble. The debate__6__ (continue) for a full seven minutes before he finally “decided” to take__7__bite. As soon as the food touched his tongue he smiled, started to dance__8__could not stop talking about how good it was. The boy ate up all the food in his plate and tried to eat some of__9__ (me). Later, whenever the same meal was__10__ (present) and we went through the exact same situation all over again.“I want something I like.” 语篇解读：本文是一篇记叙文。主要讲述一家人在一起吃饭时发生的一件事。作者的儿 子刚开始不愿意吃没吃过的菜，但是在尝了一口之后，却对这道菜赞不绝口。 1.preparing 因为 prepare 与这句话的主语“the family and I”之间存在逻辑上的 主谓关系，所以此处应用 prepare 的现在分词形式作伴随状语。故填 preparing。 2 ． Immediately 此 处 所 填 词 修 饰 后 面 整 个 句 子 ， 故 应 用 副 词 immediately 。
immediately 位于句首，首字母要大写。故填 Immediately。 3．consumed “he had ever______(consume)”是定语从句，主句为过去时，从句意 为“他曾经吃过的”， 故从句时态应为过去完成时， 所以此处应用 consume 的过去分词形式， 即 consumed。 4．different 根据空格前的系动词“was”，并结合语境可知，此处应用 difference 的形容词形式，即 different，构成系表结构。 5．of instead of 是固定搭配，意为“代替，而不是”，后接名词、代词或动名词， 符合题意。故填 of。 6．continued 因为这句话的主语“The debate”和 continue 之间是主谓关系，而且 根据上下文语境可知，此处描述的是过去发生的动作，应用一般过去时。故填 continued。 7．a bite 作名词意为“一口”时是可数名词，且此处泛指“咬了一口”，故此处应
用不定冠词 a。 8．and 因为本句中的“smiled”，“started”和“could not stop”是三个并列的
谓语动词，它们之间是顺承关系，所以此处应用 and。 9．mine 根据语境可知，作者的儿子想吃作者盘子里的菜，所以此处所填词应是指代 作者盘子里的菜，故应用名词性物主代词，即 mine。 10．presented 句子主语“the same meal”和 present 之间是动宾关系，空格前已
有 was，所以此处只需填 present 的过去分词形式，即 presented。 Ⅱ.短文改错
(2016·哈尔滨市第三中学一模)As I was leaving the grocery store this afternoon, I saw a poor family — a mother and her four kid sitting in the cold, it brought back memories from when I was a child. The little girl, about 13, told me he liked my Under Armour sweater. I said, “thank you”. When I am walking to my car, I started to feel sadly. Put the groceries in my car, I suddenly thought the little girl might need a sweater at the school. So I went back to find the little girl, take my sweater off but gave it to her. I knew she would get much use out of it than me. 答案：第一句：kid→kids; it→which 第二句：he→she 第四句：am→was; sadly→sad 第五句：Put→Putting; 去掉 school 前的 the 第六句：take→took; but→and 第七句：much→more Ⅲ.书面表达 (2016·兰州高三诊断)假设你是新华中学的学生李华， 想邀请来兰州参加淘宝网甘肃馆 开馆一周年庆祝活动的阿里巴巴首席执行官马云来你校做一次成人礼的演讲， 请你给马云写 一封邀请信。内容包括： 1．说明写信的目的； 2．说明演讲的具体安排——时间：4 月 28 日；地点：学校礼堂；主题：怎样通过个人 奋斗实现人生理想； 3．表达感谢与祝福。 注意：1.词数 100 左右，开头和结尾已为你写好，不计入总词数； 2．可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3．参考词汇：成人礼演讲 adult ceremony speech。 Dear Ma Yun, CEO of Alibaba， My name is Li Hua. I'm a Senior 3 student from Xinhua Middle School. ____________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ Yours sincerely， Li Hua 参考范文： Dear Ma Yun, CEO of Alibaba， My name is Li Hua. I'm a Senior 3 student from Xinhua Middle School. May I have
the honor to invite you to give us an adult ceremony speech on behalf of all the teachers and students of our school? The speech is scheduled to be given on April 28 at the school hall, the theme of which will be how to realize our dreams through personal efforts. We are eager to hear you talk about your own experiences and unique views. I sincerely hope you can take your time from your busy schedule, and I would appreciate it very much if you can come. Thank you in advance and wish you all the best. I am looking forward to receiving your reply at your earliest convenience. Yours sincerely， Li Hua
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