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高考英语语法填空答题技巧


高考英语语法填空答题技巧
一、无提示词
填法:1.填固定搭配:play a part in/part-time job/take part in/have fun 2.填虚词:冠词、介词、代词、数词、连接词(含从属连词和并列连词) 解题思路:1.分析句子结构,根据句子所缺成分确定填哪类词 2.根据句子意思,确定具体填什么词;或根据两句间的逻辑关系确定具体用哪个

连词 解题技巧:共有以下 7 个技巧: 技巧 1:在简单句和并列句中,若句子缺主语或宾语,一定是填代词。 例 1:I can’t send a message to Kenya whenever I want to, and gets there almost in a second. 技巧 2:名词前面,若没有限定词(冠词、形容词性物主代词、不定代词等) ,很可能是填限定词。 例 2:It is said that a short-tempered man in the Song Dynasty was very anxious to help rice crop grow up quickly. 技巧 3:名词或代词在句中不作主语、表语或动词的宾语时,其前面,一定是填介词。 例 3:…who should have the honor of receiving me a guest in their house. 技巧 4: 若两个或几个单词或短语之间没有连词,可能是填连词。 例 4:…two world-famous artists, Pablo Picasso Cabdido Poitinari, which are worth millions of dollars. 技巧 5:若两个句子(即两个主谓结构)之间没有连词,也没有分号或句号,一定是填并列连词(连 接并列的句子)或从属连词(连接定语从句、名词性从句和状语从句) 。 例 5:The greatest magician of all time was Harry Houdini died in 1926. 例 6:He was very tired after doing this for a whole day, he felt very happy. 技巧 6: 由特殊句式结构来判断空格应填的词。 (1) 由 it is … that… 强调结构的形式,判断 it 还是 that。判断方法:去掉 it is … that…结构, 句子还是一个完整的句子就是强调句型。 (2) 由 it 作形式主语或形式宾语的句式判断,空格是否填 it. 例 7:…and was only after I heard she become sick that I learned she couldn’t eat MSG (味精). 例 8:… as took them just three minutes to steal paintings by two words-famous artists.. 例 9:Dating sites also make easy to avoid someone whom you are not interested in. (3) 在倒装句式中通常填 only, so, neither, nor, never, hardly, seldom, not…until 等词。 例 10: with hard work can you expect to get pay rise. (4) so / such …that…句型 例 11:This made the goat so jealous it began plotting against the donkey. (5) more …than…(与其说……不如说……,比……更……)句型。 例 12: Cynthia’s story shows vividly that people remember more how much a manager cares how much he pays.

二、有提示词 (主要提示词为四大词类:名词、动词、形容词和副词)
1.词类转换题:这类题主要是考查名词、形容词和副词,根据该词在句中所作句子成分确定用那种 形式,具体技巧有以下三种。 技巧 1: 作表语(在系动词之后) 、定语(修饰名词)或宾补(表性质状态) ,通常用形容词形式。 例 13:The youngster immediately fell (silence) as tears flew down from his big blue eyes. 例 14:Teachers must try their best to make most of their students (interest) in the subject. 技巧 2: 修饰动词、形容词、副词,或整个句子,作状语,用副词形式。 例 15:As I looked (close) at this girl, I found that… 例 16: (fortune),the guest escaped unharmed.

技巧 3:冠词、数词和形容词及形容词性物主代词后填名词形式。 例 17:To be honest, some new (arrive) lose hope even before they start hunting for a job. 例 18:The scientists have just discovered a new method to cure the (ill). 例 19:About nine (month) later, Sandra and Henry moved to a new city. 例 20:On my (birth), Sandra took me out to a nice dinner. 技巧 4: 有的词义转换题,词类或词性不一定要变,主要是考查具有与词根意义相反的派生词,需 要句子意思及前后逻辑关系,在词根前加 un-, im-, in-等,在词根后加-less 等。 例 21: People certainly have a variety of reasons for going back to school but one important thing to know is, no knowledge is (use). 例 22:Your mistake caused a lot of (necessary) work in the office. 2.各类词对应的基本语法点 1)名词:可数名词的单复数变形(注意规则和不规则变形方式) 例 23: Everyone can help, and all we have to do is follow the simple (rule): reduce; reuse; recycle. 例 24:My mother would sit by the window, watching the falling (leaf) from the trees floating in the air. 2)形容词或副词:考查其比较级或最高级。 技巧:注意句中 than,the 和修饰比较级和最高级的词 much/even/far 例 25:As the Chinese old saying goes:“It is (good) to travel ten thousand miles than to read ten thousand books.” 例:Australia is the (large) island country in the world, which is in the south of the earth. 例 26:The other frog went on jumping as hard as he could… he jumped even (hard) and nearly made himself out. 3)动词:首先,判断要填的动词是谓语动词还是非谓语动词。然后按照以下两点进行思考。 技巧 7:若句子没有别的谓语动词,或者虽然已有谓语动词,但需填的动词与之是并列关系时,所 给动词就是谓语动词;若是谓语动词,就要考虑时态语态。 例 27:When I die, I (give) everything to you. 例 28:That was definitely not an attractive idea so I politely declined her invitation, (close) my book and walked away. 例 29: In Loganm three people (take) to a hospital, while others were treated at a local clinic. 例 30: Being too anxious to help an event develop often (result) the contrary to our intention. 例 31:Now, Valentine’s Day is (celebrate) in many countries around the world. 技巧 8: 若句中已有谓语动词,又不是并列谓语时,所给动词就是非谓语动词。若是非谓语动词就 要确定是 v-ing 形式,-ed 形式,还是不定式,确定的方法主要有: (1) 作主语或宾语,通常用 v-ing 形式表示习惯或一般情况,用不定式表示具体情况。 例 32:…but it is not enough only (memorize) rules from a grammar book. 例 33: (speak) out your inner feeling won’t make you feel ashamed, on the contrary… (2) 作目的状语或在形容词后作状语,一般用不定式。 例 34: (complete) the project as planed, we’ll have to work two more hours a day. (3) 作伴随状语,通常用分词,若与逻辑主语是主动关系,用现在分词( v-ing);若是被动 关系,用过去分词(-ed) 。 例 35:He saw the stone, (say) to himself: “the night will be very dark.” 例 36:The headmaster went into the lab, (follow) by the foreign guests. 技巧 9: 动词的词类转换主要做主语、宾语和定语。 例 37:There are (comfort) feelings often as any kind of physical pain. 例 38:They entered the Credit Lyonnais branch using building (equip) to dig holes 例 39:These people have made great (contribute) to China with their work.

语法填空 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料, 在空白处填入适当的内容 (不多于 3 个单词) 或括号内单词的正确形式。 范例: Crying marriage? 31 (surprise), isn’t it? Factually, the custom of crying marriage ex isted a long time ago in many areas of Southwest China’s Sichuan Province, and 32 (remain) in fashion 33 the end of the Qing Dynasty. Though not so popular as before, the custom is still observed by people in many places, especially Tujia people, who view it as a 34 (necessary) to marriage procedure. It is very much 35 same in different places of the province. According to elderly people, every bride had to cry at the wedding. 36 , the bride’s neighbors would look down upon 37 as a poorly cultivated girl and she would become the laughingstock of the village. In fact, there were cases 38 which the bride was beaten by her mother for not crying at the wedding ceremony. In a word, crying at wedding is a 39 by custom to set off the happiness of the wedding through falsely sorrowful words. However, in the 40 (arrange) marriages of the old days of China, there were indeed quite a lot of brides who cried over their unsatisfactory marriage and even their miserable life. 课堂练习: Do you like travelling? Staying 61 (health) while 62 (travel) can help to ensure your trip is a happy and enjoyable one. 63 you are travelling abroad, here are the tips you need to make your trip much 64 (easy): Make sure you have got signed passport(护照) and visas. Also, before you go, fill in the emergency information page of your passport! Make two copies of your passport identification page. This will help a lot if your passport 65 (steal). Leave one copy at home with friends or relatives. Carry the other 66 you in a separate place from your passport. Read the Public Announcements or Travel Warnings for the countries you plan to visit. Get yourself familiar with local laws and customs of the countries to 67 you are travelling. Leave a copy of your itinerary(旅行日程) with family or friends at home so that you can be contacted in case of an emergency. Do not accept packages from strangers. Do not carry too much money or 68 (necessary) credit cards. If we make enough 69 (prepare), we will succeed. Have 70 good time!


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