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高一英语必修一必背短语及句型 1) It was the first time in a year and a half that face to face. 这 是我一年半以来第一次目睹夜晚。 2) I wonder if I able to be outdoors for so long that so crazy about everything to do with na

ture. 强调句) 我不知道这是不是因为我长 ( 久无法出门的缘故,我变得对一切与大自然有关的事物都无比狂热。 3) I on purpose until half past eleven one evening at the moon for once by myself. 有一天晚上,我熬到 11 点半故意不睡 觉,为的是独自好好看看月亮一次。 4) Your friend, , asks you to help him cheat in the end-of-term exam. (非限制性定语从句) 你的一个朋友叫你在期末考试中帮他作弊,这个朋友平 常不认真学习。 5) If you with your friends, you can write to the editor and ask for advice. 如果你在和朋友的相处上有问题, 你可以写信给编辑向他征求 建议。 6) and see how many points you can get. 把你的得分加起 来,看看得了多少。 7) What he did . 他的所作所为增加了我们的困难。 8) His income $1000 a month. 他每月的收入共计 1000 美元。 9) these any longer because nature is one thing . 观看这些已不再是乐趣,因为大自然是你必 须体验的。 10) about his attitude to her work? 她为什么那么关注 他对她的工作的看法? 11) The police asked him to in a report. 警察让他在 报告中写下他所看见的事情。 12) to go out and search for him, he come in. 正当我 打算出去找他时,他恰巧进来。 13) Mr. Jones lives and often . 琼斯先生单独一人生活,常 常感到孤独。 14) We tried to calm him down, but he . 我们试图让他平静下来,但他 仍不停地哭着。 15) Does he at night in such stormy weather? 他敢在这样一个暴风 雨夜外出吗? 16) He would fire and water for his country. 他愿为国家赴汤蹈 火。 17) That country in the flood. 那个国家在水灾中遭受严重的损 失。 18) World Englishes come from those countries where English as first or second language, either because of foreign rule or because of its special role as an international language. 定语从句) 世界英语来自那些以英 ( 语为第一或第二语言的国家, 英语在这些国家起重要作用, 或是因为外国的统治, 或是因为其作为国际语言的特殊地位。

19) All languages change when cultures one another. 当不同的 语言互相沟通时,所有的语言都会发生变化。 20) Actually, the English spoken between about AD 450 and 1150 German than present day English.实际上, 从公元 450 年到 1150 年,人们所说的英语更多的是以德语为基础的,而现代英语不是。 21) Would you please my flat for a visit? 请到我的公寓里来坐 坐,好吗? 22) Believe it or not, he the exams. 信不信由你,他在考试中作弊。 23) Native English speakers can understand each other the same kind of English. 以英语作为母语的人,即使他们所讲的语言不尽相同,也可以互相交流。 24) Today the number of people learning English in China than ever before. 目前在中国学习英语的人数比以往任何时候都多。 25) It is the duty of a government for the children of its country. (it 作形式主语)政府的责任是为其国家的小孩提供教育。 26) Reading is one of the best ways and usage. 阅读是帮助 你改善词汇及其用法的最好方法之一。 27) Giving commands than making a request. 发号命令比发出 请求粗鲁。 28) We asked her for directions and she told us to go round the corner on the left and for two blocks. 我们向她问路,她告诉我们往左边拐弯后直走两个街区。 29) He several languages, English, French and German. 他懂 几种语言,例如英语、法语和德语。 30) My sister and I along the Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends. 我姐姐和我一直梦想要沿湄公河从源头到终点骑车旅行。 31) The man insisted that he anything and he at once. (陈述语 气、虚拟语气) 这男人坚持自己没有偷东西,他坚持说他应该立刻被释放。 32) She gave me a look ? the kind that said she change her mind. 她给 了我一个坚定的眼神——这种眼神表明她是不会改变主意的。 33) He is so stubborn that no one can . 他是如此的固执以 致没有人能说服他做任何事。 34) My sister doesn’t details. 我的姐姐是不会考虑细节的。 35) She is a woman. Once she something, she will do it well. 她是个意志坚强的人。如果她下决心做什么事,就一定要做好。 36) He and his afterthoughts in his travel journal. 在旅行日记 中,他记下了重大的事件及自己的想法。 37) I this city, because this is my first visit. 我对这个城市不 熟悉,因为这是我的第一次来访。 38) I don’t think it is necessary . 我认为我们没有必要让步。 39) The topics of a travel journal can , often people, things, and events readers. 游记的主题可以和日记 不同,经常包括那些读者不太熟悉的人和事。 40) to put up tents here. 在这儿搭帐篷真好玩。 41) The number of people in the earthquake

more than 400,000.(定语从句) 死伤的人数达到 40 多万。 42) The army organized the rescue workers to dig out those and to bury the dead. (定语从句) 部队组织救援人员将受困的人们挖出 来,将死者掩埋。 43) . = Not all hope was lost.(部分否定) 不是所有的希望 都破灭了。 44) were allowed to go there.(全部否定) 我们全都不许去那里。 45) He rescued the man . 他救了一男子使之免遭溺毙。 46) An earthquake the whole city . 地震过后,全城到处是残垣断 壁。 47) I by your trust. 得到你的信任,我感到非常荣幸。 48) Professor Yu organized his thoughts . 于教授在演讲之前 组织了一下思路。 49) Many people the rain in the department store. 许多人在百货 公司里避雨。 50) the world was at an end as the earthquake destroyed nearly everything. 世界似乎到了末日,因为地震几乎毁了一切。 51) People began to wonder . 人们开始纳闷, 这场灾难 还会持续多久? 52) They used candles all the time . 他们一直用蜡烛,没有用电。 53) The one million people of the city, these strange events, went to bed as usual that night.(非限制性定语从句) 这城市的一百万居民几乎都没有把这些奇怪的情况当一回事, 当天晚上照常上床 睡觉了。 54) We’d better the bad news. 我们最好让他做好知道这个坏消 息的心理准备。 55) The rubbish . 垃圾发出一阵臭味。 56).I him right away. 我马上跟他联系。 57) do public service work without pay? 你愿意无偿从事公益活动 吗? 58) Do you easily when you are in trouble? 你处于不幸中时容易丧 失信心吗? 59) The time was a very difficult period of my life. 第一次 见到他的时候是在我一生中非常艰难的时期。(定语从句) 60) It is a doctor’s job health problems. 医生的职责就是向病人提供有关健 康的建议。 61) As a matter of fact, I was worried about . 事实上我担心我 是不是会失业。 62) After getting up, he always drinks a glass of water, . (非限制性 定语从句) 每天起床后,他都喝一杯水,他认为这对他的身体有好处。 63) The last thirty years the greatest number of laws , until today we have reached a stage . (定语从句) 过去 30 年来 所出现的大量法律剥夺我们的权利,阻挡我们的进步,一直到今天,我们还处在 几乎什么权利都没有的阶段。

64) In his life, he has always tried to help those . (定语从句) 在他的一生中,他总是设法帮助那些比他不幸的人。 65) Only then answer violence with violence.(倒装句) 只有到这 个时候我们才决定用暴力反抗暴力。 66) Only some of the children . 似乎只有一部分孩子明白。 67) The school was three kilometers away. 那所我仅仅读 了两年的学校有三公里远。(定语从句) 68) The parts of town where they lived were places .(过去分词作 后置定语) 他们在城里的住宅区都是由白人决定的。 69) , he was once put in prison for years. 在掌权之前, 他曾经坐了几年牢。 70) This was my reward for equal rights for the Blacks. 这是我毕 生为争取黑人的平等权利而斗争所得到的回报。 71) He was sentenced to three years in prison . 他因偷窃被判处三年监 禁。 72) He to help those poor black people. 他开设了一间黑人律 师事务所帮助那些穷苦的黑人。 73) In 1963, I some government buildings. 在 1963 年,我帮助 他炸毁了一些政府大楼。 74) My family could not . 我的家庭无法继续支付我的学费。 75)He taught us during the lunch breaks and the evenings .(虚拟语气) 在午餐的休息时间和晚上我们本应该睡觉的时候他教授我们。 Unit get sth done 1 calm down Friendship have got to

add up

another time

be concerned about share sth with sb

walk the dog go through

make a list of hide away on purpose 为了 按 照 ; 根 据 … 所 说 收 拾 , 打 理 行 装 相爱 参 加 ( 活 动 ) 有做…的习惯

set down a series of 面 对 面 地 与 … 相 处 have trouble with sb/sth 试 验 ; 试 用 和…交际 be ignorant of

be crazy about

Unit2 English around the world 与…不同 在…中担任角色;在…中起作用;扮演一个角色;参与 因为;由于 例如 信不信由你 走进;上来;发生;被讨论 提出 ever before

at the end of 即使 在...基础上 (好好/充分)利用 change…into in the early days take…with… 与…相同 at present as a rule be present at

close to

carry out a rule 缺席 present sth to sb / present sb with sth at sb’s request have a command of make a request give commands

request that …(should)+v 原形 in the 1600’s = in the 1600s 正如我们所知 Unit3 Travel Journal one-way fare round-trip fare 梦想做某 事 从…毕业 说服某人做某事 persuade sb not to do sth= persuade sb out of doing sth get sb interested in insist on (one’s) sth/ doing sth 干某事的最好办法 care about care for change one’s mind 决心干某事 determine to do sth ( 动作) / 投降;屈服;让步 give up doing/sth 像往常一样 attitude to/ toward(s)

be determined to do sth (心理)

at midnight put up one’s tents sth be familiar to sb 某人熟 悉某事 can’t wait/ can hardly wait to do sth for one thing… for another (用来引出某事的理由) 1. first had the idea to cycle along the Mekong River. 强调句基本句型:it is/ was…. that….其中指人时可用 who(主),whom(宾)。 2. Although she didn’t know the best way of getting to places, she insisted that the source of the river(find). Unit4 Earthquakes

happen to do burst into tears/ laughter burst out crying/laughing in ruins cut across blow away fall down rescue workers be pleased to do make/ give a speech judging from /by tens of thousands of 挖掘 a great/ large number of =a great/good many 大量的 陷入……/ 陷在……下面 have/ make/let sb do sth come to an end (vi) = put/ bring sth to an end = put/ bring an end to sth be proud of / take pride in 邀请某人做某 事 think little of think highly of one-third two-thirds seventy-five percent agree with sb /one's opinion agree on sth agree to sth agree to do sth 发出(气味等);分发;耗尽 give off give away give back 立刻 作为……而知名 as is known to all be known for as could be expected it is useless doing sth happen= take place= come about= break out 偶发 有计划 偶发 战争等爆发

falling leaves fallen leaves

boiling water boiled water

Unit5 Nelson Mandela----a modern hero 丧失勇气 担心(动作)

lose one’s heart tosb/sth

担心(状态) in trouble be sentenced to be out of work = lose one’s job be equal to 事实 上 beg for blow up set up 着手做某事 set off set out (set out to do sth ) be active in = take an active part in keep sb from doing sth stop sb (from) doing sth/ prevent sb (from) doing sth die for die from 死于(外因) die of put sb in prison= throw sb into prison= send sb to prison 建议某人做某事 advice 不可数 advise doing sth 为争取……而斗争 为反对……而斗争 fight with have problems/ difficulty/ trouble with sth /have problems/ difficulty/ trouble (in) doing sth work out 乐于做某事 实现…… 的梦想 以暴制暴 break the law come to power social activities



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