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高考英语-定语从句专项练习及解答


定语从句专项练习题与答案详解
1. Nearly all the streets are in straight lines, ________ from east to west. Those ________ run from north to south are called avenues. A. running; that B. run; who C. running; who D. run; that 2. This is the case ________ he’s had all his money stolen. A. when B. where C. that D. on which 3. Mr. Smith will pay a visit to Beijing this autumn, ________ we will enjoy the Olympic Games in 2008. A. where B. when C. which D. how 4. The artist will not paint people or animals but he will paint anything ________ . A. that the little girl asks him B. the little girl asks him to C. for the little girl to ask him D. what the little girl asks him 5. —How did you get in touch with the travel agent, Robin? —Oh, that’s easy. I surfed the Internet and then called one ________ the telephone number is provided. A. which B. in which C. of which D. whose 6. October 15 th is my birthday, ________ I will never forget. A. when B. that C. what D. which 7. The treatment will continue until the patient reaches the point ________ he can walk correctly and safely. A. when B. where C. which D. whose 8. There are several research centers in China ________ a certain disease called Bird Flu is being studied. A. which B. where C. when D. what 9. I hope that the little ________ I have been able to do does good to them all. A. which B. what C. that D. when 10. The time is not far away ________ modern communications will become widespread in China’s vast countryside. A. as B. when C. until D. before 11. ________ is known to everybody, Taiwan is a part of China. We must unify it. A. It B. As C. Which D. What 12. I shall never forget the day ________ Shen Zhou V was launched, ________ has a great effect on my life. A. when, which B. that, which C. which, that D. when, that 13. The bread my wife makes is much better than ________ you can buy at a store. A. that which B. one that C. that of which D. this of which 14. There is no such place ________ you dream of in all this world. A. that B. what C. which D. as 15. The people, ________ had been damaged by the flood, were given help by the Red Cross. A. all whose homes B. all of whose homes C. all their homes D. all of their homes 16. The humans are destroying nature day by day, ________ of course, will cause severe punishment from it sooner or later. A. who B. when C. on which D. which 17. Is this research center ________ you visited the modern equipment last year? A. where B. that C. the one that D. the one where 18. Some pictures of the river brought the days back to the old ________ they swam in it. A. when B. that C. who D. where 19. The man showed us so heavy a stone ________ no man can lift.

A. that B. as C. which D. and 20. He stayed there for quite a long time, during ________ time he learned much spoken English. A. that B. this C. which D. same 答案与解析: 1. A. 主语与 run(延伸)是主动关系,所以用现在分词。Those 指街道,所以不用 who 而用 that 来引导 定语从句。 2. B. 因为在此题中 where 引导定语从句,表示“在这种种况下”,与 in which 相当。 3. A. 因为先行词是 Beijing 而不是 this autumn 所以用 where 引导定语从句。 4. B. 答案 B 是省略了关系代词 that 的定语从句,另外,to 后还省略了动词原形 paint。 5. C. 因为 of which 引导定语从句,并在从句中作定语。of which the telephone number = whose telephone number。 6. D. 因为这是个非限制性定语从句,先行词是前面一句话的内容。 7. B. 因为表示“阶段、程度、地步”的 the point 在定语从句中作地点状语,所以用 where 引导定语从 句。 8. B. 因为先行词是 research centers 并在定语从句中作状语,所以用 where。 9. C. 因为当先行词是表示事物的 all, little, few, much, anything, everything, nothing 等时,多用 that 引 导定语从句。 10. 因为先行词是 the time,且在定语从句中作状语,所以用 when 引导。此题的先行词与定语从句被 主句谓语分开了,要善于辨别。 11. B. 先行词是 Taiwan is a part of China 整个主句,一般由 as 或 which 引导定语从句,但 which 引导 的定语从句只能放在主句之后,另外,as 有“正如”之意,而 which 没有,所以用 as。顺便说说, 原句改为:It is known to everybody that Taiwan is…= What is known to everybody is that Taiwan is… 12. A. 两空都是考查定语从句,先行词分别是 the day 和 Shen Zhou V was launched, the day 在定语从句中作状语,用 when 引导;后句是非限制性定语从句,不能用 that,要用 which。 13. A. 因为替代不可数名词 (the bread) 只能用 that,排除 B 和 D;又因为先行词 that (the bread) 在定语从句中作 buy 的宾语,用 which,所以选 A。 14. D. 当定语从句的先行词前有 such, so, as 等词语时,由 as 引导,并且 as 在定语从句中作主语或宾 语,as 在此题中作 dream of 的宾语。注意:在表示“如此…以致…”的 such /so…that…结构中,that 不作任何句子成份。 15. B. 考查非限制性定语从句,all of whose homes = all of their homes 他们所有的房子。 16. D. 因为先行词是前面整个句子,且在从句中作主语,所以用 which。of course 是插入语。 17. D. 将疑问句改为陈述句:this research center is…显然缺少先行词,必须加上代词 the one 来作先 行词,又因定语从句不缺主语或宾语,所以用关系副词 where。假若在 this 后加 the,就选 where, 请想想这是为什么。 18. A. 因为先行词是 the days,并在定语从句中作状语。 19. B. 当先行词前有 so 时,用 as 引导定语从句,as 在从句中作主语或宾语。假若在 lift 后加上 it, 答案就是 that 了,请想想这是为什么。 20. C. 因前后均的句子,必须要选连词,排除 B 和 D;又因在介词后不能用 that 来引导定语从句, 所以选 C。during which time 在那段时间里。


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