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四级作文写作思路 论说文


四级作文写作思路 1.问题解决型写作思路 ...............................................................1 2.观点对比型写作思路 ............................................................6 3.现象描述型写作思路 ............................................................9 1.问题解决型写作思路

Ⅰ段.提出问题 Ⅱ段.分析问题(原因/危害) Ⅲ段.解决问题(建议措施) Ⅰ.提出问题段落(三句话:引出问题+具体描述+总结问题) 1)引出问题: 首句 1. Nobody could have failed to notice the fact that ______ have/has become a grave problem on many campuses/in the contemporary society/in the present day. 首句 2. There is no denying the fact that + 客观事实(提纲 1). 首 句 3. On many campuses/ In the contemporary society/ In the present-day society/ In recent decades, the shortage of housing is one of the most serious problems with which people are confronted. 首句 4. Nowadays/In the present-day society/In recent decades, it can be noticed that tuition and fees for college education are much higher than ever before. (比较级引出问题) 2)具体描述: 二句 1: (事实描述)An increasing number of individuals/people find it
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difficult/hard/troublesome to _______ and to ______. 二句 2: (举例描述 1)A case in point of this is /A typical example of this is/This phenomenon can be best illustrated by the fact that . (举

例描述 2)Turning a look around, we can find a great many/plenty of/a good deal of examples like this: 两个例子. (举例描述 3):Our daily life has been filled with a variety of examples:两个例子 二 句 3 :( 列 举 描 述 ) Numerous examples can be listed to demonstrate/show/reveal/illustrate this modern-day

scourge/problem/conundrum, but the following will suffice: _______. 二句 4: (调查法描述: )According to a recent survey, a majority/72.34% of people/ students /individuals /citizens /residents admit/reckon /acknowledge that ____ 3)总结问题:承上+启下 三句 1: (承上) Thus/Therefore/Hence, (启下) how to ______ effectively has become a matter of concern. 三句 2: (承上)As a result/Consequently/Accordingly, (启下)_____ requires/ necessitates/ calls for close attention of the whole society. 三句 3: (承上) So, (启下 1)due attention should be paid to _____/ (启 下 2)we should keep a weather eye on ____. Ⅱ.分析问题(原因/危害) (四句话:主题句+原因 1/危害 1+原因 2/ 危害 2+原因总结/危害总结) ①分析危害:主题句 主题句 1:Such ____ are/is bound to generate/engender/result in/ give rise
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to/ lead to severe/negative/serious consequences/effects/impacts if we keep turning a blind eye. 主题句 2: Apparently enough, there are some negative impacts with which we should not ignore/neglect. 主题句 3:Quite obviously, it is great necessity to figure out the negative influences behind it. 主题句 4: tackle this problem, it is of great/vital significance to analyze To the potential negative impacts of this matter. ①分析危害:危害写法 危害 1:To begin with, it may damage/ hurt/ injure/ harm/ impair/ undermine the _____ of _____. 危害 2:Moreover, (强调句式) it is _____ that exerts/ produces/ generates bad impact on _____. 危害 3:In addition/Furthermore/What is worse/Besides, ___ set bad examples to youngsters, leading them to ______. 危害 4:Then, it is manifest that we are developing ____ at the expense of ______. 危害 5:If this trend/situation were to continue, it certainly would be a possibility that we will suffer from/ be afflicted with _____. 危害 6:Besides, it can be argued that _____ means a grave waste of time/energy/natural resources. ①分析危害:危害总结 危害总结 1:As has been noted, ____ do/does impact our ____ negatively
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to a large extent. 危害总结 2: conclude, it is undeniable that the bad impact of _____ can To never be turned a blind eye to. ②分析原因:主题句 主题句 1:Generally speaking, several reasons can account for this phenomenon. (中性话题) 主题句 2:In general, there are several reasons/ factors/ causes/purposes responsible for ____, but the following may be the most critical.(中性话 题) 主题句 3: Difficult/different as it is, it is evident that the causes of ____ are diverse. 主 题 句 4 : To address this worrying/disturbing issue, it is of vital significance reasons. ②分析原因:原因列举 原因 1:In the first place, ______ is the root cause of ______. An illustration of this point would be that _______. (原因+实例说明) 原因 2:In the second place, _____ constitute a major cause of ______. Specifically, _______. (原因+具体说明). 原因 3:In addition, _____ plays a critical role in _____. 原因 4:Besides, the ___ policy being carried out in ____ enables ____ to ____. 原因 5: (强调句式)It is _____ that attracts ____ to ___.
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to

determine/explore/ascertain/investigate

the

possible

②分析原因:原因总结 原因总结 1:Consequently, ____ has not been emphasized. 原因总结 2:As a consequence, ____ paid relatively less attention to _____. 原因总结 3:All in all, ________________ . Ⅲ.解决问题(建议措施)(三句=总结+建议 1+建议 2+展望) 总结句 1: In view of the seriousness of the situation, effective measures should be taken before things get worse. 总结句 2:Therefore/Thus/Hence/Accordingly/To tackle this problem, it is high time that we took feasible steps to stop/limit/restrain this trend. 总结句 3:People’s ways to solve this problem do vary/differ.(替换:1. There are a variety of ways in which people can tackle this problem. 或 2. It is apparent that ways to tackle this issue are various.) Some _____; some ______; some others _____. 建议 1:It is essential that laws and regulations should be worked out and enforced to ban/support ______. 建 议 2 : It is suggested that the public should

enhance/promote/cultivate/strengthen their awareness of ____ 建议 3: is absolutely necessary/ important /significant / for ____ to ____ It 建议 4:Secondly, ____ are highly hoped/ expected/ well-advised to ______. 建议 5:We should educate/advocate/encourage _____ to _____.

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展望未来 1:Only by doing so, can we hope to witness the ideal scenes in which ____ enjoy ____ to the utmost. 展望未来 2: promising and hopeful future is just awaiting us if we spare A no effort to it. 2.观点对比型写作思路

Ⅰ段:现象描述(即引入主题)+ 支持方观点(利) Ⅱ段:反方观点(弊) Ⅲ段:我的观点

Ⅰ段(4 句) 句现象描述(即引入主题)+ 1 句支持方观点主题句+ :1 原因(2 句) 描述现象 1: Living in an era of _____, we are confronted with a variety of ______. 描述现象 2:Nobody could have failed to notice the fact that more and more _____ 描述现象 3: In the recent decades, it can be noticed that ____ has/have gained great popularity among _____. 现象描述 4: can be noticed that many people – men and women, old and It young - _____ 现象描述 5:There has been much controversy over ____ in the past decades. 现象描述 6:It is universally acknowledged that ______.
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现象描述 7:The past decades have witnessed the huge advancement of ____. 支持方主题句 1:Some argue that it is absolutely necessary to ______ because ________. 支持方主题句 2:A number of individuals favor _____. 支持方主题句 3:Those who are in favor of ____ claim that ____. 支持方观点 1:In their eyes, without ____, it is impossible for individuals to ______. 支持方观点 2:They also point out that _____ will bring great benefit to ____; thus, they will have more opportunities to ____. 支持方观点 3: What makes them convinced is that ____ is of great value/necessity /significance for them to _____. 支持方观点 4:In their opinion, _____ will definitely promote the development of _____, which, otherwise, would be impossible. 支持方观点 5:They firmly believe that ____ will enable them to enrich their social/academic / professional experience and broaden their horizons. 支持方观点 6: of the evident advantages/ merits/ strengths/ benefits is One that ____ may afford entertainment/pleasure/enjoyable life.

Ⅱ段:反方观点(弊)(三句=主题句+反方观点 1+反方观点 2) 主题句 1:Even so, others hold a different view that ____ carries some risks. 主题句 2:Others, however, regard it differently.
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主题句 3: Advantageous/beneficial/rewarding/good/popular as it is, others have an opposite perspective. 主题句 4: spite of all these claims, others maintain that it is unnecessary In to ____ 反方观点 1:_____ means a great amount of time, money and energy; therefore, they may afflicted . 反方观点 2:To some extent their opinion derives from the fact that ______. 反方观点 3: their eyes, ____ calls for/requires/necessities plenty of time, In energy and money; nonetheless, the result/quality is not as satisfactory as expected. 反方观点 4:In addition, what worries many parents/teachers is that some _____ may exert/generate/have negative influence on _____. For instance, some _____; some _____; some ______.

Ⅲ段:我的观点 (3 句:我的观点+理由+展望未来) 我的观点 1:In my opinion, the advantages of _____ will far outweigh its/their disadvantages. 我的观点 2:I, as well as many others, am convinced that _____ will do more good than harm. 我的观点 3:As a college student, I am firmly convinced that it is necessary for us to ____. 我的观点 4: (折中型)Who is right? I think there is something right in
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both arguments. However, what convinces me is that we should ____ firstly. Then, we are also expected to _______. 理由句:写法同第一段和第二段 展望未来:同问题解决型展望未来写法。

3.现象描述型写作思路(集团教材)

Ⅰ段:目前存在某种积极的现象或观点 Ⅱ段:该现象或观点的作用、意义 Ⅲ段:呼吁结尾\个人打算

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