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高中英语语法倒装句


完全倒装
1. here, there Here comes the bus. Cf.: Here he comes. i. 表存在 There be/ live/ exist/ remain/ lie/ stand There lies a temple on the top of the hill. ii. 表位移、变化 There come/ go/ rise/ enter/ follow iii. 表似乎、碰巧 There seem/ appear/ happen/ used to be 2. 位移副词:up, down, in out, away Away went the teacher. Cf.: Away he went. 3. 地点状语放于句首 The river runs North of the city. >> North of the city runs the river. A sick child lay on the bed. >> On the bed lay a sick child.

部分倒装
1. 否定副词于句首:never, little, seldom, rarely, hardly, scarcely, not, no longer, not often, nowhere, etc. I seldom went to work late.

>> Seldom did I go to work late.
He didn’t say a single word. >> Not a single word did he say. (决不)by no means, in no way/ case, under no circumstances, at no time, etc. Teaching can by no means be separated from practice.

>> By no means can teaching be separated from practice.
China will at no time be the first to use nuclear weapon. >> At no time will China be the first to use nuclear weapons.

部分倒装
John is not only fond of Chinese but also good at speaking it. >> Not only is John fond of Chinese, but also he is good at speaking it. We had no sooner got to the station than the train started. >> No sooner had we got to the station, than the train started. Hardly … when … / Scarcely … when … Not until … , do/ does/ did/… + S + V … (主句) I didn’t know the news until yesterday. Not until yesterday did I know the news. I didn’t realize how much time I had wasted until I began to work. >> Not until I began to work, did I realize how much time I had wasted.

2. So + a./ad. + 助动词 + S + do + that-clause He is so honest that everyone likes him.
>> So honest is he that everyone likes him.

So much did she worry about her child that she couldn’t go to sleep. Such + n. + 助动词 + S + do + that-clause
Such a noise was there in the room that I couldn’t go on with my work. He left in such a hurry that he forgot to lock the door. >> In such a hurry did he leave that … So do I. Neither/ Nor do I. I didn’t read the notice on the blackboard. He didn’t either. >> I didn’t read the notice on the blackboard. Nor did he. ** So it is/ was with …. *Cf.: It was cold yesterday. So it was.

3. Only + 状语从句/ 副词短语 … 于句首

Only then did I realize the importance of English.
He was able to get back home only when the war was over. >> Only when the war was over, was he able to get back home. 只有用这种方法我们才能克服那么多的困难。 >> Only in this way can we get over so many difficulties.

Cf.: Only Wang knows this.
4. 频度副词:often, always, once (in a while), many a time, now and then, every other day, etc.

He has given us good advice many a time.
>> Many a time has he given us good advice. He came and saw me once a week while I was in hospital. >>Once a week did he come and see me while I was in hospital.

部分倒装
5. 虚拟 were, should, had
If I were you, … >> Were I you, … If I were in your position, I would go. >> Were I in your position, … If anyone should call, tell him to wait for me here. >> Should anyone call, … If I had been there, I would have lent a hand.

>> Had I been there, …

部分倒装
6. as, though, however, no matter how
Cold as/ though the weather was, the farmers were still working in the fields. 尽管读了很多,但他取得了一点进步。 Much as/ though he did the reading, he made little progress.

Child as/ though he is, he does a lot of the housework.
不管多冷,他都一直去游泳。 However cold/ No matter how cold it is, he always goes swimming.

宾语前置
The little time we have together we try to spend wisely. What he once heard he never forgets. 他听到过一次的话就在不会忘记。

表语前置
Present at the meeting were Professor Whiter, Professor Smith and many other guests. ……的日子一去不复返了。 Gone are the days when ….

祝愿
May you succeed! May you be Lucky! >> Wish you success! >> Wish you good luck!


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