语法填空题解题技巧 一、 纯空格试题的解题技巧 介词、连词、冠词、代词、从句引导词、情态动词、强调助动词等。 技巧 1① ：主句缺主语或宾语，一定是填代词或名词（多考代词） 。 I can send a message to Kenya whenever I want to, and ______ gets there almost in a second. 技巧 1②： 定语从
句缺主语或宾语， 一定是填适当的关系代词， 如： who, that, which, whom。 Whenever he was discouraged or faced with difficult problems he would open the box, take out an imaginary kiss, and remember the love of this beautiful child _________ had put it there. 技巧 1③：名词性从句缺主语或宾语，根据句子意思填适当的词，如：who/ whom 谁， which 哪一个/些, what 东西/话/地方, whoever, whichever, whatever, whomever I was wondering where I was going to spend the night when I realized that the villagers who had gathered around me were arguing as to should have the honor of receiving me 技 巧 2 ① ： 定 语 从 句 缺 地 点 状 语 用 _______where_________, 缺 时 间 状 语 用 _________________，缺原因状语用____________ While she was getting me settled (settle) into a tiny but clean room, the head of the village was tying up his horse to my car to pull it to small town some 20 kilometres away _________there was a garage.
技巧 2②：状语从句 缺地点状语用__where/wherever______________, 缺时间状语用 when, as, while, as soon as, before, after, since , till, until ，every time, the minute=the moment=immediately=no sooner ? than= hardly ? when =scarcely ? when 缺原因状语用_ because, since, as, for， now( that)既然, in that 因为, considering that=seeing that 考虑到，鉴于_________ 缺让步状语 though, as(倒装)， while, whether...or, no matter,however, despite, in spite of 缺条件状语 if unless as/so long as 只要, only if, providing/provided that 假如, supposing that, in case that, on condition that 目的状语 so that, in order that, in case , for fear that 结果状语 so...that..., such...that... 比较状语 than, as...as , not as/so....as 1)__________________ he was discouraged or faced with difficult problems he would open the box, take out an imaginary kiss, and remember the love of this beautiful girl??. 2?.____________ old you are, it’s not too late to make your life more interesting. 技巧 3：名词前面 若没有限定词（冠词，形容词性物主代词，指示代词，不定代词） ，很可
能是填限定词。 It is said that ______ short-tempered man in the Song Dynasty(920-1279)was very anxious to help _____ rice crop grow up quickly. 技巧 4 ① ：两个或几个单词或短语之间没有连接词，可能是填连词。 Two world-famous artists, Pablo Picasso______ Candido Portinari, which are worth millions of dollars. 技巧 4 ② ：同一个主语发出两个或几个动作，且时态一致，中间没有连词，一定是填连词。 例 10. ? all I saw was this beautiful girl, whose smile just melted me _______ almost instantly gave me a completely new sense of what life is all about. 技巧 4 ③ ：若两句（一个主谓关系算一句）之间没有连词，也没有分号或句号，一定是填 并列连词或从属连词。 例 11. I wanted to see as much of the city as possible in the two days _____ I was to return to Guangzhou. 例 12. He was very tired after doing this for a whole day, ______ he felt very happy. 技巧 5： 若结构完整， 空格后的谓语动词是原型， 且又与上下文时态不一致或主谓不一致时， 很有可能是填____________或表示强调或者是倒装的助动词的________. 例 13 What is acceptable in one country______be considered extremely rude in another. 例 14 He had no time or energy to play with his children or talk with his wife, but he ______ bring home a regular salary. 技巧 6：由特殊句式结构来判断空格应填的词 例 15 ? _____ was only after I heard she became sick that I learned she couldn’ t eat MSG(味精). 例 16 ______ with hard work can you expect to get pay rise. 例 17 ? as ______ took them just three minutes to steal paintings by two world-famous artists 例 18 Dating sites also make _____ easy to avoid someone whom you are not interested in. 例 19 This made the goat so jealous _____ it began plotting against the donkey. 例 20 Cynthia’s story shows vividly that people remember more how much a manager cares _____ how much he pays 例 21 It is said that ______ used to be a theatre here. 例 22 One day, he came up with an idea __________ he would pluck up all of his crop a few inches. He did so the next day. These changes only became possible as my memory improved. First it was stored 1 tubes, then on transistors2 later on very small chips. As 3 result I totally changed 4 shape. 5 I have grown older I have also grown smaller. 6 time my memory has developed so much that,7 an elephant, I never forget 8 I have been told! And my memory became 9 large that even I couldn’t believe 10 ! 二、给出了动词的试题的解题技巧 （一） ：句中没有谓语，或者虽然已有谓语动词，但需填的词与已存在谓语主语一致，且中
间有并列或转折连词时， 需填的词则是谓语动词,就要考虑时态和语态， 时态考虑要瞻前顾后。 例 2. That was definitely not an attractive idea so I politely declined her invitation, _________(close) my book and walked away. 例 5. Nobody knows what ____________________(happen) if she had refused to pay. 例 6. His fear of failure kept him from classroom games that other children __________(play) with joyous abandon. 例 8. ??.The country life he was used to ____________ （change ）greatly since the opening policy. 例 9. The international agreement, intended to encourage children not to smoke and ___________ (help) people kick the habit, ____________ (sign) on February 27 last summer. （二） ：若句中已有谓语动词，又不是并列谓语时，所给动词就是非谓语动词。若是非谓语 动词就要确定用 doing 形式，done 形式，还是 to do 形式。非谓语的形式一定要考虑它与 其逻辑主语之间 的关系。 an excited look 例 10. ?? but it is not enough only ______________(memorize) rules from a grammar book. 例 11. ??_________(speak) out your inner feeling won’t make you feel ashamed, on the contrary 技巧 1 ：作主语或宾语时，通常用 doing / being done 形式表示习惯或一般情况； 用 to do / to be done 形式表示具体情况或将来；用 having done / having been done 表示已发生。 技巧 2：作目的状语或者在固定结构中，一般用 to do 形式。 例 12.?? ____________(complet) the project as planned, we’ll have to work two more hours a day. 例 14. Some people say that oldest children, who are smart and strong-willed, are very likely _____________(success) 技巧 3 ：分词作伴随状语，原因状语，条件状语等时，要看它与逻辑主语的关系确定形式。 与句中主语是主动关系使用现在分词；与句中主语是被动关系使用过去分词。 例 15. He saw the stone, ______(say) to himself: “The night willl be very dark.” 例 16. The headmaster went into the lab, ________ (follow) by the foreign guests. 技巧 4 ：分词做后置定语也要看它与被修饰词之间的关系确定形式。与所修饰的名词是主动 关系使用现在分词；与所修饰的名词是被动关系使用过去分词 ( done/being done/ to be done) There will be a meeting, _______(start) later this year to review the film. 例 18. ??.Lessons_________(learn) in sports can help us in our dealing with other people. 例 20. Mr. Green was disappointed to see the washing machine she had had ______ （repair） go wrong again. 技巧 5 ：名词前有 first, second,?last, only,最高级修饰时，后面要用 to do / to have done 做后置定语。 例 21. Can you tell me the way you thought of ___________ (work )out the problem. 技巧 6 ：固定结构如： have sth. done , the way to do 等。 1. I was delighted and was about to accept her proposal when she suggested we first ____ (go) to the West Lake and walk along the Broken Bridge. 2. Peter ___________ (leave) for London on business upon my arrival, so I didn’t
see him. 3. I have to go to work by taxi because my car _____________ (repair) at the garage. 4. I went down there, ________ (pay) my penny and got a receipt. （三）词类转换题的解题技巧 词类转换题要先确定所要填的单词在 句中的成分。 技巧 1：作表语、定语或补语，通常用 形容词形式 ? [例 1] The youngster immediately fell ________ (silence) as tears flew down from his big blue eyes. ? [例 2] In a __________ (danger) part of the sea off the coast of New Zealand, they learnt to? ? [例 3] Teachers must try their best to make most of their students __________ (interest) in the subject. 技巧 2：作主语，或在及物动词或介词后作宾语， 用名词形式。 ? [例 4] When China’s ancient scientific and technological ______________ (achieve) are mentioned, the nation will generally refer to the Four Great Inventions. ? [例 5] ?instructors expect students to be familiar with _______________ (inform) in the reading? 技巧 3：在形容词性物主代词后， 或者在“冠词(+形容词)”后，用名词形式 ? [例 6] With the large numbers of students, the ________ (operate) of the system does involve a certain amount of activity. 技巧 4：修饰动词、形容词、副词，或整个句子， 作状语，用副词形式 [例 7] As I looked 32 (close) at this girl, I found that? ? [例 8] There must be something 40_____ (serious) wrong with our society. ? [例 9]Singles are flocking(涌向) to the Internet 33 (main) because their busy lifestyles leave them little time? Unfortunately, he missed the bus. Interestingly, the boss turned up. 技巧 5：词义转换题。词类不一定要变，主要是考查具有与词根意义相反的派生词，需根据 句子意思及前后逻辑关系，在词根前加 un-, im-，il-, ir-，in-, non-, dis-等， 在词根后加-less 等。 [例 10] People certainly have a variety of reasons for going back to school but one important thing to know is: no knowledge is ________ (use). [例 11] Your mistake caused a lot of ___________ (necessary) work in the office. 技巧 6：括号中所给词为动词时，也不一定是考动词的时态语态或非谓语动词， 有可能考词类转换；若是形容词或副词，有可能考查其比较级或最高级。 [ 例 12] ? there was a lot of information about the city ’ s well-known tourist__________ (attract)? [例 13]The other frog went on jumping as hard as he could?He jumped even ____
(hard) and finally made himself out. ? 1. “Thirty-five cents,” she said ___________(rude). ? 2.One of the ________ (bad) gift choices I had ever made was for my high school English teacher? ? 3.____________ (fortunate), I then noticed that I had just only 10 minutes left ...! ? 4.It was his ______ (nine) year of school and his academic career seemed to be in ruins, so I was angry. ? 5.As far as I am concerned, my ____________ (suggest) is that we should always have a notebook. ? 6.It would be ___________ (believe) that such an honest man should have betrayed his friends. 1. 表 并 列 关 系 的 由 and,both...and,as well as,not only...but (also),neither...nor 等组成。She not only sings but also dances.2.表转折关系的 与 but,however （然而） ， while(然而） ， still,yet 等连用。 The film is not perfect,still,it's goodd3.表选择关系的 由 or,either...or...,not...but...,or else（否则）连接 Take the chance,or else you will regret （后悔） it.4.表因果关系的 与 for,so/so that,therefore （因此),because,since 等连用。I'd better take an umbrella,for it is going to rain.
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