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语法填空解题技巧.doc


语法填空题解题技巧 一、 纯空格试题的解题技巧 介词、连词、冠词、代词、从句引导词、情态动词、强调助动词等。 技巧 1① :主句缺主语或宾语,一定是填代词或名词(多考代词) 。 I can send a message to Kenya whenever I want to, and ______ gets there almost in a second. 技巧 1②: 定语从

句缺主语或宾语, 一定是填适当的关系代词, 如: who, that, which, whom。 Whenever he was discouraged or faced with difficult problems he would open the box, take out an imaginary kiss, and remember the love of this beautiful child _________ had put it there. 技巧 1③:名词性从句缺主语或宾语,根据句子意思填适当的词,如:who/ whom 谁, which 哪一个/些, what 东西/话/地方, whoever, whichever, whatever, whomever I was wondering where I was going to spend the night when I realized that the villagers who had gathered around me were arguing as to should have the honor of receiving me 技 巧 2 ① : 定 语 从 句 缺 地 点 状 语 用 _______where_________, 缺 时 间 状 语 用 _________________,缺原因状语用____________ While she was getting me settled (settle) into a tiny but clean room, the head of the village was tying up his horse to my car to pull it to small town some 20 kilometres away _________there was a garage.

技巧 2②:状语从句 缺地点状语用__where/wherever______________, 缺时间状语用 when, as, while, as soon as, before, after, since , till, until ,every time, the minute=the moment=immediately=no sooner ? than= hardly ? when =scarcely ? when 缺原因状语用_ because, since, as, for, now( that)既然, in that 因为, considering that=seeing that 考虑到,鉴于_________ 缺让步状语 though, as(倒装), while, whether...or, no matter,however, despite, in spite of 缺条件状语 if unless as/so long as 只要, only if, providing/provided that 假如, supposing that, in case that, on condition that 目的状语 so that, in order that, in case , for fear that 结果状语 so...that..., such...that... 比较状语 than, as...as , not as/so....as 1)__________________ he was discouraged or faced with difficult problems he would open the box, take out an imaginary kiss, and remember the love of this beautiful girl??. 2?.____________ old you are, it’s not too late to make your life more interesting. 技巧 3:名词前面 若没有限定词(冠词,形容词性物主代词,指示代词,不定代词) ,很可

能是填限定词。 It is said that ______ short-tempered man in the Song Dynasty(920-1279)was very anxious to help _____ rice crop grow up quickly. 技巧 4 ① :两个或几个单词或短语之间没有连接词,可能是填连词。 Two world-famous artists, Pablo Picasso______ Candido Portinari, which are worth millions of dollars. 技巧 4 ② :同一个主语发出两个或几个动作,且时态一致,中间没有连词,一定是填连词。 例 10. ? all I saw was this beautiful girl, whose smile just melted me _______ almost instantly gave me a completely new sense of what life is all about. 技巧 4 ③ :若两句(一个主谓关系算一句)之间没有连词,也没有分号或句号,一定是填 并列连词或从属连词。 例 11. I wanted to see as much of the city as possible in the two days _____ I was to return to Guangzhou. 例 12. He was very tired after doing this for a whole day, ______ he felt very happy. 技巧 5: 若结构完整, 空格后的谓语动词是原型, 且又与上下文时态不一致或主谓不一致时, 很有可能是填____________或表示强调或者是倒装的助动词的________. 例 13 What is acceptable in one country______be considered extremely rude in another. 例 14 He had no time or energy to play with his children or talk with his wife, but he ______ bring home a regular salary. 技巧 6:由特殊句式结构来判断空格应填的词 例 15 ? _____ was only after I heard she became sick that I learned she couldn’ t eat MSG(味精). 例 16 ______ with hard work can you expect to get pay rise. 例 17 ? as ______ took them just three minutes to steal paintings by two world-famous artists 例 18 Dating sites also make _____ easy to avoid someone whom you are not interested in. 例 19 This made the goat so jealous _____ it began plotting against the donkey. 例 20 Cynthia’s story shows vividly that people remember more how much a manager cares _____ how much he pays 例 21 It is said that ______ used to be a theatre here. 例 22 One day, he came up with an idea __________ he would pluck up all of his crop a few inches. He did so the next day. These changes only became possible as my memory improved. First it was stored 1 tubes, then on transistors2 later on very small chips. As 3 result I totally changed 4 shape. 5 I have grown older I have also grown smaller. 6 time my memory has developed so much that,7 an elephant, I never forget 8 I have been told! And my memory became 9 large that even I couldn’t believe 10 ! 二、给出了动词的试题的解题技巧 (一) :句中没有谓语,或者虽然已有谓语动词,但需填的词与已存在谓语主语一致,且中

间有并列或转折连词时, 需填的词则是谓语动词,就要考虑时态和语态, 时态考虑要瞻前顾后。 例 2. That was definitely not an attractive idea so I politely declined her invitation, _________(close) my book and walked away. 例 5. Nobody knows what ____________________(happen) if she had refused to pay. 例 6. His fear of failure kept him from classroom games that other children __________(play) with joyous abandon. 例 8. ??.The country life he was used to ____________ (change )greatly since the opening policy. 例 9. The international agreement, intended to encourage children not to smoke and ___________ (help) people kick the habit, ____________ (sign) on February 27 last summer. (二) :若句中已有谓语动词,又不是并列谓语时,所给动词就是非谓语动词。若是非谓语 动词就要确定用 doing 形式,done 形式,还是 to do 形式。非谓语的形式一定要考虑它与 其逻辑主语之间 的关系。 an excited look 例 10. ?? but it is not enough only ______________(memorize) rules from a grammar book. 例 11. ??_________(speak) out your inner feeling won’t make you feel ashamed, on the contrary 技巧 1 :作主语或宾语时,通常用 doing / being done 形式表示习惯或一般情况; 用 to do / to be done 形式表示具体情况或将来;用 having done / having been done 表示已发生。 技巧 2:作目的状语或者在固定结构中,一般用 to do 形式。 例 12.?? ____________(complet) the project as planned, we’ll have to work two more hours a day. 例 14. Some people say that oldest children, who are smart and strong-willed, are very likely _____________(success) 技巧 3 :分词作伴随状语,原因状语,条件状语等时,要看它与逻辑主语的关系确定形式。 与句中主语是主动关系使用现在分词;与句中主语是被动关系使用过去分词。 例 15. He saw the stone, ______(say) to himself: “The night willl be very dark.” 例 16. The headmaster went into the lab, ________ (follow) by the foreign guests. 技巧 4 :分词做后置定语也要看它与被修饰词之间的关系确定形式。与所修饰的名词是主动 关系使用现在分词;与所修饰的名词是被动关系使用过去分词 ( done/being done/ to be done) There will be a meeting, _______(start) later this year to review the film. 例 18. ??.Lessons_________(learn) in sports can help us in our dealing with other people. 例 20. Mr. Green was disappointed to see the washing machine she had had ______ (repair) go wrong again. 技巧 5 :名词前有 first, second,?last, only,最高级修饰时,后面要用 to do / to have done 做后置定语。 例 21. Can you tell me the way you thought of ___________ (work )out the problem. 技巧 6 :固定结构如: have sth. done , the way to do 等。 1. I was delighted and was about to accept her proposal when she suggested we first [38]____ (go) to the West Lake and walk along the Broken Bridge. 2. Peter ___________ (leave) for London on business upon my arrival, so I didn’t

see him. 3. I have to go to work by taxi because my car _____________ (repair) at the garage. 4. I went down there, ________ (pay) my penny and got a receipt. (三)词类转换题的解题技巧 词类转换题要先确定所要填的单词在 句中的成分。 技巧 1:作表语、定语或补语,通常用 形容词形式 ? [例 1] The youngster immediately fell ________ (silence) as tears flew down from his big blue eyes. ? [例 2] In a __________ (danger) part of the sea off the coast of New Zealand, they learnt to? ? [例 3] Teachers must try their best to make most of their students __________ (interest) in the subject. 技巧 2:作主语,或在及物动词或介词后作宾语, 用名词形式。 ? [例 4] When China’s ancient scientific and technological ______________ (achieve) are mentioned, the nation will generally refer to the Four Great Inventions. ? [例 5] ?instructors expect students to be familiar with _______________ (inform) in the reading? 技巧 3:在形容词性物主代词后, 或者在“冠词(+形容词)”后,用名词形式 ? [例 6] With the large numbers of students, the ________ (operate) of the system does involve a certain amount of activity. 技巧 4:修饰动词、形容词、副词,或整个句子, 作状语,用副词形式 [例 7] As I looked 32 (close) at this girl, I found that? ? [例 8] There must be something 40_____ (serious) wrong with our society. ? [例 9]Singles are flocking(涌向) to the Internet 33 (main) because their busy lifestyles leave them little time? Unfortunately, he missed the bus. Interestingly, the boss turned up. 技巧 5:词义转换题。词类不一定要变,主要是考查具有与词根意义相反的派生词,需根据 句子意思及前后逻辑关系,在词根前加 un-, im-,il-, ir-,in-, non-, dis-等, 在词根后加-less 等。 [例 10] People certainly have a variety of reasons for going back to school but one important thing to know is: no knowledge is ________ (use). [例 11] Your mistake caused a lot of ___________ (necessary) work in the office. 技巧 6:括号中所给词为动词时,也不一定是考动词的时态语态或非谓语动词, 有可能考词类转换;若是形容词或副词,有可能考查其比较级或最高级。 [ 例 12] ? there was a lot of information about the city ’ s well-known tourist[35]__________ (attract)? [例 13]The other frog went on jumping as hard as he could?He jumped even [36]____

(hard) and finally made himself out. ? 1. “Thirty-five cents,” she said [36]___________(rude). ? 2.One of the [33]________ (bad) gift choices I had ever made was for my high school English teacher? ? 3.[39]____________ (fortunate), I then noticed that I had just only 10 minutes left ...! ? 4.It was his [32]______ (nine) year of school and his academic career seemed to be in ruins, so I was angry. ? 5.As far as I am concerned, my [37]____________ (suggest) is that we should always have a notebook. ? 6.It would be ___________ (believe) that such an honest man should have betrayed his friends. 1. 表 并 列 关 系 的 由 and,both...and,as well as,not only...but (also),neither...nor 等组成。She not only sings but also dances.2.表转折关系的 与 but,however (然而) , while(然而) , still,yet 等连用。 The film is not perfect,still,it's goodd3.表选择关系的 由 or,either...or...,not...but...,or else(否则)连接 Take the chance,or else you will regret (后悔) it.4.表因果关系的 与 for,so/so that,therefore (因此),because,since 等连用。I'd better take an umbrella,for it is going to rain.


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