成都石室中学高 2013 级“一诊模拟”考试
本试卷分第 I 卷(选择题)和第 II 卷(非选择题)两部分。
第一部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 40 分）
第一节 单项填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 从 A，B，C，D
1. --Would you mind giving your advice on how to improve our business management? --If you make ______ most of the modern equipment, there will be ______ rise in production. A. /; / A. direct A. should B. the; a B. limit B. might C. /; a C. change C. must D. the; / D. improve D. would 2. Knowledge and learning are important if we want to be successful, but they may also ______ our thinking. 3. The driver tried everything he could think of, but the car just ______ not move. 4. --Jack, this is the third time that you have been late this week. --Sorry, sir, but I was ______ for 15 minutes on the way here in the traffic jam. A. held up A. By the time A. That; how A. knew B. put up B. Until B. What; what B. had known C. taken up C. After C. What; how C. have known B. Having a little effort D. There being a little effort B. you work; you can D. you work; can you D. given up D. Unless D. What; that D. know 5. ______ I failed in English a third time, I had no doubt about my gift for foreign languages. 6. ______ he wants to say is ______ great an effort he has made to help her out. 7. The news came as no surprise to me. I ______ for some time that the factory was going to shut down. 8. ______, and the problem will be worked out. A. If you have a bit more effort C. A bit more effort A. do you work; you can C. do you work; can you --______. Ours is much stronger than theirs. A. Of course B. It depends C. Don’t mention it D. By no means
9. Only when ______ hard ______ make your dream come true.
10. --Do you think their table tennis team will win the first place at the coming sports meeting?
完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分）
阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 11—30 各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、D）中选出最佳选项。 It’s only after three weeks into a new job that I made a serious mistake. My boss called it ―extremely embarrassing‖ in a company-wide e-mail — which, something 15 16 12 least, I wish I could explain it somehow — , experienced and I know better. I work with some very kind and compassionate(富于同情心的) people. For the past couple of days many
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, he wrote because he felt he needed to explain that what I did was 13 give a good excuse for what I did. At the very 14 it on youth, inexperience or ignorance. Unfortunately, I’m
in the company should ever do. I wish I
of them have taken time to with me similar 18
by my desk and offer comfort, encouragement and support. Some have shared 19 ‖ person here. 20
they have made. Evidently I’m not the only ― 21
One of the exchanges I had this week was with Lois, the much-honored, much-respected professional who the desk right next to mine. Lois was completely about how she would 22 As I expected, Lois didn’t pass over the self-pity partly to a(n) 28 26 . 27 that. It happened. But it’s over now. It’s 29 23 to such an extremely embarrassing incident. when she saw me the next day. She mentioned it directly, 25
about her work, and to be honest I was a little nervous 24
with empathetic consideration. She listened to my
. Just as I was ready to express my regrets, she brought my
―It happened‖, she said, ―There’s nothing you can do to if to say, ―We’re done here.‖
. It’s in the past. You need to let it go, and move on.‖ And with that she returned her 30
to her work, as
I beat myself up for weeks. At such times I need to remember those And mostly, move on. 11. A. by the way 12. A. someone 13. A. should 14. A. fix 15. A. outgoing 16. A. Thankfully 17. A. work 18. A. decisions 19. A. annoying 20. A. repairs 21. A. mad 22. A. react 23. A. issue 24. A. for 25. A. challenge 26. A. order 27. A. forget 28. A. broken 29. A. attention 30. A. sweet B. in the way B. anyone B. might B. blame B. old B. Naturally B. stop B. troubles B. confusing B. wants B. serious B. agree B. outcome B. therefore B. imagination B. key B. ruin B. done B. skill B. pleasant C. on the way C. no one C. will C. rely C. cheerful C. Generally C. watch C. attempts C. embarrassing C. works C. curious C. turn C. standard C. but C. conclusion C. end C. prevent C. lost C. patience C. meaningful
words: It’s over. It’s done. Let it go.
D. to the way D. the one D. could D. put D. energetic D. Hopefully D. sit D. mistakes D. puzzling D. occupies D. hopeful D. object D. message D. otherwise D. explanation D. process D. change D. kept D. interest D. colorful
第二部分：阅读（共两节，满分 50 分）
第一节 阅读理解 (共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分)
阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项。
Due to the increasing number of violence acts produced in schools all over the world, more and more parents prefer to have their children educated at home rather than at school. This way they can ensure their safety and well-being, although teachers and school representatives are trying to improve the situation in schools by increasing the number of the persons in charge of the safety of the students. The main reason for violence acts are the films and cartoons that fill the children’s time. They want to do everything they watch on TV and never think of the consequences, and they may hurt a classmate or a teacher.
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On the other hand, parents are not fully satisfied with the children’s results obtained in classes and they consider private classes would have better results. When a teacher has to watch 30 students in class he can’t probably see what each of them is doing, how he is writing, or if he understands the explanations. At home the teacher can explain in details everything the child doesn’t understand as many times as he considers proper. And many times the child grows fond of the teacher at home, who becomes his best friend, and who helps him whenever he needs someone to talk to. However, the best solution would be a mixture between the education received at school and that at home, because school makes children communicate and socialize. Keeping a child at home for fear there might happen something bad to him only makes the child’s character weak and prevents him from knowing what real life is. Staying in a crystal ball only does harm to the child. All in all, schools have been created to help children, not to harm them, so it’s best to keep children in these special places, where they learn, laugh, have fun and make new friends. 31. The writer’s purpose in writing the text is to ________. A. teach parents the ways to keep their children safe B. show solutions to developing children’s character C. explain the main reason for violence acts in schools D. analyze an education problem and give opinions 32. Which of the following might be the best title of the passage? A. Advantages and Disadvantages of Private Classes B. Who is to Blame, Parents or Schools? C. Which Is Better, School Study or Home Study? D. The Relationship between Teachers and Children 33. What does ―a crystal ball‖ in the passage refer to? A. A toy that can be used for entertainment. B. A safe and comfortable environment. C. A round object that is made of crystal. D. An obstacle that is hard to overcome. 34. We can infer from the passage that ________. A. violence TV programs have bad effects on children’s behavior B. the teacher at home is more patient than the teacher at school C. children today are weak from lack of sense of right and wrong D. there are too many students in class for a teacher to teach B Elephants have four distinct personalities that help their herd survive in the African bush, scientists have found. With their grey skin, mournful eyes and slow heavy pace, you could be forgiven for thinking elephants are uniformly melancholy(忧郁的) creatures. But scientists have now discovered the largest living land animals have personalities to match their size. In a new study of African elephants, researchers have identified four distinct characters that are common in a herd – the leaders, the gentle giants, the playful rogues(小淘气) and the reliable plodders(辛勤工作的人). Each of the types has developed to help the giant mammals survive in their harsh environment and is almost unique in the animal kingdom, according to the scientists.
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Professor Phyllis Lee and her colleague Cynthia Moss studied a herd of elephants in the Amboseli National Park in Kenya known as the EB family — famous for their matriarch Echo before she died in 2009. Using data collected over 38 years of watching this group, the researchers analyzed them for 26 types of behavior and found four personality features tended to emerge. The strongest personality to emerge was that of the leader. Unlike other animals, where leadership tends to be won by the most dominant and aggressive individual, the elephants instead respected intelligence and problem solving in their leader. Echo, the matriarch and oldest in the group, her daughter Enid, and Ella, the second oldest female, all emerged as leaders. The playful elephants tended to be younger but were more curious and active. Eudora, a 40-year-old female in the herd, seemed to be the most playful, consistently showing this feature throughout her life while playfulness in some of the other elephants declined with age. Gentle elephants, which included two 27-year-old females Eleanor and Eliot, touched and rubbed against others more than the others. Those that were reliable tended to be those that were most consistent at making good decisions, helped to care for infants in the herd and were calm when faced with threats. Echo and her youngest daughter Ebony seemed to be the most reliable. Professor Lee said that elephants with these features tended to be the most socially integrated in the group while those who tended to be less reliable and pushy were more likely to split from the herd. 35. From the passage we get to know that ________. A. the researchers reached their conclusion by analyzing the data B. the research centered on the 26 types of behavior of the matriarch C. the scientists conducted the research by comparing elephants with other animals D. professor Phyllis Lee and her colleague spent nearly 38 years tracking the herd 36. According to the new findings of the scientists, ________. A. playfulness of an elephant will always decline with age B. those elephants which are caring and wise are most reliable C. each elephant can be matched with only one of the four personalities D. once becoming a member of a herd, an elephant will never split from it 37. In the EB family Echo and Eudora are ________. A. mother and daughter C. the gentlest ones B. two oldest females D. leader and member C Visiting London can be an expensive trip, so establishing a budget and finding bargains when you arrive will help you get around London on the cheap. The following steps can help you find cheaper alternatives for transport for your London trip. ? Familiarize yourself with the city’s boroughs and specifically the area where you will be staying. You can use a street map, or an online map search engine, to establish where in the city you will be staying and the distance you are from the major tourist attractions you want to visit. ? Find a local provider of Transport for London tickets or travel cards, since your first bargain purchase will be an Oyster Card. Traveling around London with an Oyster Card will give you access to the cheapest option of transportation methods and the Oyster Card is accepted citywide on buses, boats and the London Underground, known by the locals as ―the tube‖. ? Seek out your nearest Tube Station. The Tube is the cheapest and most reliable form of transportation and runs
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from around 6 a.m. until around 1 a.m. ..., depending on the line or the station. There are 287 tube stations in London that accept the Oyster Card, with a high concentration in central London. If you are staying anywhere in central London, there will be a tube station less than 10 minutes away. The Transport for London website offers a tube station search facility to find the nearest subway station to any location in the city. When you find a tube station, you can easily locate the closest bus stop by using the comparison bus-tube maps at the station’s entrance. ? Follow the Transport for London Tube Guide to your destinations and always plan ahead. Making a plan for transport will save you unnecessary expenses, wasted trips on the tube and doubling back on your journey . 38. What’s the author’s purpose in writing the passage? A. To introduce the public transport system in London. B. To show readers how to use the Oyster Card. C. To prove the subway in London is easy to use. D. To offer tips for saving transport costs in London. 39. Which of the following can help a traveler spend the least money on transport? A. Trying different transportation methods. B. Taking buses as much as possible. C. Traveling with an Oyster Card. D. Making a plan before your journey. 40. By visiting the Transport for London website, people can ________. A. identify their own location C. find the nearest subway station B. locate the nearest bus station D. use an online map to avoid getting lost
41. We can conclude from the passage that ________. A. the subway is the cheapest means of transport in London. B. only Tube stations in Central London accept Oyster Card. C. subway lines in London run no less than 19 hours a day. D. the transfer from subway to bus is very convenient. D Everyone knows about straight-A students. We see them frequently in TV situation comedies and in movies like Revenge(报复) of the Nerds. They get high grades, all right, but only by becoming dull laborers, their noses always stuck in a book. They are not good at social communication and look clumsy while doing sports. How, then, do we account for Domenica Roman or Paul Melendres? Roman is on the tennis team at Fairmont Senior High School. She also sings in the choral group, serves on the student council and is a member of the mathematics society. For two years she has maintained A’s in every subject. Melendres, a freshman at the University of New Mexico, was student-body president at Valley High School in Albuquerque. He played soccer and basketball well, exhibited at the science fair, and meanwhile worked as a reporter on a local television station. Being a speech giver at the graduation ceremony, he achieved straight A’s in his regular classes, plus bonus points for A’s in two college-level courses. How do super-achievers like Roman and Melendres do it? Brains aren’t the only answer. ―Top grades don’t always go to the brightest students,‖ declares Herbert Walberg, a professor of education at the University of Illinois at Chicago, who has conducted major studies on super-achieving students. ―Knowing how to make full use of your innate(天生的) abilities counts for more. Much more.‖ In fact, Walberg says, students with high IQ sometimes don’t do as well as classmates with lower IQ. For them, learning comes too easily and they never find out how to get down. Hard work isn’t the whole story, either. ―It’s not how long you sit there with the books open,‖ said one of the many-A students we interviewed. ―It’s what you do while you’re
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sitting.‖ Indeed, some of these students actually put in fewer hours of homework time than their lower-scoring classmates. The kids at the top of the class get there by mastering a few basic techniques that others can readily learn. 42. The underlined word ―nerds‖ in paragraph 1 can probably be ________. A. dull bookworms lacking sports and social skills B. successful top students popular with their peers C. students with certain learning difficulties D. born leaders crazy about social activities 43. What can we conclude from the first paragraph? A. Most TV programs and films are about straight-A students. B. People have unfavorable impression on straight-A students. C. Everyone knows about straight-A students from TV or films. D. Straight-A students are well admired by people in the society. 44. Some students become super-achievers mainly because ________. A. they are born cleverer than others C. they make full use of their abilities 45. What will be talked about after the last paragraph? A. The interviews with more students. C. The techniques to be better learners. 46. What can we infer from the passage? A. IQ is more important than hard work in study. B. The brightest students can never get low grades. C. Top students certainly achieve all-around developments. D. Students with average IQ can become super-achievers. B. The role IQ plays in learning well. D. The achievements top students make. B. they work longer hours at study D. they know the shortcut to success
One important variable affecting communication across cultures is destiny(命运) and personal responsibility. This refers to the degree to which we feel ourselves the masters of our lives, contrary to the degree to which we see ourselves as subject to things outside our control. Another way to look at this is to ask how much we see ourselves able to change and act, to choose the course of our lives and relationships. Some have drawn a parallel between the personal responsibility in North American settings and the view itself. The North American view is vast, with large spaces of unpopulated land. The frontier attitude of ―King‖ of the wilderness, and the expansiveness of the land reaching huge distances, may relate to generally high levels of confidence in the ability to shape and choose our destinies. In this expansive land, many children grow up with a heroic sense of life, where ideas are big, and hope springs forever. When they experience temporary failures, they are encouraged to redouble their efforts, to ―Try, try again.‖ Action, efficiency, and achievement are valued and expected. Free will is respected in laws and enforced by courts. Now consider places in the world with much smaller land, whose history reflects wars and tough struggles: Northern Ireland, Mexico, Israel, Palestine. In these places, destiny’s role is more important in human life. In Mexico, there is a history of hard life, fighting over land, and loss of homes. Mexicans are more likely to see struggles as part of their life and unavoidable. Their passive attitude is expressed in their way of responding to failure or an accident by saying ―ni modo‖ (―no way‖ or ―tough lick‖), meaning that the failure was destined. This variable is important to understanding cultural conflicts. If someone believing in free will crosses paths with someone more passive, miscommunication is likely. The first person may expect action and responsibility. Failing to see it, he may conclude that the second is lazy, not cooperative, or dishonest. The second person will expect respect for the natural order
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of things. Failing to see it, he may conclude that the first is forcible, rude, or big headed in his ideas of what can be accomplished or changed. 47. The author thinks that one’s character is partly determined by ________. A. physical senses C. financial background A. impractical B. dishonest B. general attitude D. geographic characteristics C. ambitious D. hesitant
48. According to the passage, Mexicans would think that Americans are ________. 49. The underlined word ―subject‖ in Paragraph 1 probably means ________. A. a topic of a discussion C. a person being experimented on 50. The author would probably agree that ________. A. vast land may lead to a more controllable desire B. heroic sense of life roots deeply in a small country C. living in limited space contributes to an accepting attitude D. fighting over land helps people gain high levels of confidence B. a branch of knowledge D. a person under the power of others
第二节 补全对话 (共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分)
根据对话内容，从对话后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项，并将答案写在二卷对应位置（否则不 予给分） ，选项中有两项多余选项。 Laurance: What kind of a car do you have? Soony: An old one. Laurance: I know it’s old, but 51 Soony: It’s a Chevrolet. Why do you ask? You are going into the car business? Laurance: Nothing like that. My cousin is going to take a job overseas and he can’t take his car with him, so he’s going to sell it cheap. Laurance: 53 52 Soony: Well, I have been thinking about getting a newer car. I can’t afford a brand new one. Soony: Is it a four-door or a two-door? Laurance: It’s a coupe(双门小汽车) with a vinyl roof. Soony: 54 Laurance: Yes, and it also has power steering, power brakes, and air conditioning. Soony: I guess I might take a look at it. How much is he asking? Laurance: 55 Soony: Okay. Set it up for me to see it, if you can. A. what make is it? B. I can show you a second-hand car. C. Would you like to look at my cousin’s car? D. Does it have automatic transmission? E. Would you like to introduce your cousin to me? F. It’s practically new. G. I don’t know for sure, but he’ll make you a good deal.
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成都石室中学高 2013 级“一诊模拟”考试（一）
第Ⅱ卷（非选择题，共 60 分）
写作 (共四节，共 60 分)
阅读表达（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分）
阅读下面短文，按要求回答问题。 Until the twentieth century cigarettes were not an important threat to public health. Men used tobacco mainly in the form of cigars. Most women did not use tobacco at all. The cigarette industry began in the 1870s with the development of the cigarette manufacturing machine. This made it possible to produce great numbers of cigarettes very quickly, and it reduced the price. Today cigarette smoking is a widespread habit. About forty-three percent of the adult men and thirty-one percent of the adult women in the United States smoke cigarettes regularly. It is encouraging to note, however, that millions of people have given up the smoking habit. Seventy-five percent of the male population and forty-six percent of the female population have smoked cigarettes at some time during their lives, but twenty-six percent of these men and eleven percent of the women have stopped smoking. The number of persons who have given up smoking is increasing. Men as a group smoke more than women. Among both men and women the age group with the highest proportion of smokers is the age group 24-44. Income, education and occupation all play a part in determining a person’s smoking habits. City people smoke more cigarette than people living on farms. Well-educated men with high incomes are less likely to smoke cigarettes than men with fewer years of schooling and lower incomes. On the other hand, ___________, he is likely to smoke more packs of cigarettes per day. The situation is somewhat (有点) different for women. There are slightly more smokers among women with higher family incomes and higher education than among the lower income and lower educational groups. These more highly educated women tend to smoke more heavily. Among teenagers the picture is similar. There are fewer teenager smokers from upper-income and well-educated families. High school students who are preparing for college are less likely to smoke than those who do not plan to continue their education after high school. Children are most likely to start smoking if one or both of their parents smoke. 56. How did men mainly use tobacco? (no more than 1 word) In the form of ________________. 57. What were the results of the development of the manufacturing machine? (no more than 4 words) More cigarettes are _________________________________________. 58. What are the three main factors closely related to one’s smoking habits? (no more than 4 words) __________________________________________________________________________ 59. Please fill in the blank with proper words or phrases. (no more than 9 words) __________________________________________________________________________ 60. Which kind of children is most likely to pick up the habit of smoking? (no more than 6 words) Children __________________________________________ are most likely to smoke.
单词拼写（共 10 小题：每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
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61. The doctor suggested that he be __________ (禁止) from having sugar because he was overweight. 62. The government is making every effort to n__________ the gap between the rich and the poor. 63. You can be paid in cash weekly or by check monthly; those are the two a__________. 64. As is known to all, up to now most earthquakes are still __________ (不可预料的). 65. Many people think the 2008 Olympics were the most i forget it. 66. You should check the cab has a business permit, and make sure you ask for a __________ (收据). 67. We don’t have much time left before the end of the meeting, so let’s come __________(直接) to the point. 68. If you are s___________ by soldiers or the police, they spread out so that they are in positions all the way around you. 69. The e__________ of the bomb in the church shook the entire town. They all ran out to see what was the matter. 70. Scientists have made a __________ (突破) in the treatment of lung cancer, which has brought much hope to patients. games ever held. They claim they will never
短文改错 (共 l0 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 l0 分)
文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加，删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧ ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 ） 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。
We receive your application last week. We regret to inform you that our company has hired a boy calling Tonny the job of the manager assistant. Having studied your certificate careful, we decided that we should hire someone with more office experiences for this particular position. You have impressed them with your desire to learn and your ability to work hard, but we do hope that you will apply for a position in our company sometime in the future. We would like to thank you on your being interested in our company. Please contact us as if there is further questions.
书面表达（满分 30 分）
最近， 速成鸡事件再一次使食品安全成为了社会热点话题之一。 请你根据以下提示以 Food Safety Issues 为题 写一篇短文。 1. 市场上时常出现有安全隐患的食品。 2. 假冒伪劣商品严重损害人们的健康与生活（两点） 。 3. 应当采取有效措施（两点） 。 注意：1. 词数：120 左右； 2. 文章的开头已经给出，不计入总词数； 3. 生词：假冒伪劣商品 fake commodities
Food Safety Issues Nowadays, unsafe foods can be found, now and then, in the market, __________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________
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_________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________
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成都石室中学高 2013 级英语一诊模拟试题 参考答案
一、单项选择 1 – 10 BBDAB 二、完形填空 11 – 30 ACDBB 三、阅读理解 31 – 50 DCBA 四、补全对话 五、阅读表达 56. cigars 58. Income, education and occupation. 60. whose parent or parents smoke 六、单词拼写 61 – 65 forbidden/banned 66 – 70 receipt 七、短文改错 We receive your application last week. We regret to inform you that our company has hired a boy calling received Tonny∧ job of the manager assistant. Having studied your certificate careful，we decided that we should hire the carefully called for someone with more office experiences for this particular position. You have impressed them with your desire to learn and us experience your ability to work hard, but we do hope that you will apply for a position in our company sometime in the future. We and would like to thank you on your being interested in our company. Please contact us as if there is any further questions. for 八、书面表达 are Food Safety Issues narrow straight alternatives surrounded unpredictable explosion impressive breakthrough 57. produced quickly and cheaply 59. if a well-educated man with a higher income smokes ABD DCCA ABCCD DADC 51 – 55 AFCDG ABDCD BAACD CDBAC CBCDD
Nowadays, unsafe foods can be found, now and then, in the market, which has aroused a lot of public attention. It is reported that these foodstuff ranges from substandard milk powder, dyed steamed buns to pork with lean meat powder. （要点一）Fake commodities are harmful in many ways. To begin with, it is a waste of resource, especially in our country.（要点二）Second, it has bad effect on the reputation of the real manufacturers and brings about moral crisis. Above all, all that matters is food. People’s health and lives are severely threatened if someone buys some unsafe foodstuff. 要点三） （ Measures should be taken to deal with the problem. On the one hand, strict laws should be passed to punish the producers and the sellers.（要点四）On the other hand, consumers should be told to distinguish the genuine goods from the false ones. At the same time, the government should strengthen the supervision of all aspects of food. 要 （ 点五）I firmly believe this problem will be solved in the near future.
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