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高中英语必修一到必修四词组


M3U1 9. especially 尤其 specially 专门,特地 10. honour the dead 纪念死者 11. satisfy the ancestors 满足祖先 12. either …or…要么要么 13. do harm (to…) 对… 伤害 14. in memory of 纪念 15. lead (led)…to…带领 16. on the i

mportant feast day 在重要的斋日 17. in the shape of 以-的形 状 1. be meant to do…本来打 算做 be meant for sth. 2. mean doing…意味着 3. mean to do…打算做,故 意做 4. three more festivals another three festivals 再 3 个节日 5. sth. take place 发生某事 6. celebrations of all kinds 各种庆祝 7. ancient times 古代 8. Food was difficult to find. 很难找到食物。 (主表被) 18. offer sb. sth. offer sth. to sb. 19. dress up 20. ask for sweets 21. play a trick on 22. gain India’s independence from Britain 23. decorate …with… 24. win awards 25. admire the moon 26. look forward to 27. day and night 28. as though 好像

29. be covered with 覆盖 30. have fun with each other 彼此玩的开心 31. be proud of 对…自豪 32. for a little while 一会儿 33. rather than 而不是 34. hold/ hang on 别挂断 35. Don’t mention it.不用谢 (It’s a/)my pleasure.很乐意 36. With pleasure. 37. go with=match 匹配 38. get separated in the crowd 在人群中分散 39. turn up. 出现 40. right now 现在 41. keep her word 守承诺 42. look forward to meeting her 期待见她 43. hold his breath 屏息 44. drown her sadness in coffee 将伤心掩埋在咖啡中 45. It was obvious that…很 明显 46. wipe the table 擦桌子 47. turn on the TV 开电视 48. lose love 失去爱 49. fall in love (with sb.) 爱 上 50. get married 结婚 51. be married to sb.嫁给某 人 52. A marry B 结婚 53. marry sb.主持婚礼 54. once a year 一次一年 set off for home 动身回家 56 扔掉. throw…away 57. remind me of her So he did. 他确实这么做 59. wave at sb.挥手 60. watch out 当心 1. take place, happen, break out, come about1.发 生(有计划)/突然/战争疾病

灾难爆发/疑问否定 2. starve to death (be starved to death)饿死 3. starve for sth. /starve to do…渴望 4. in memory of 纪念 5. a feast for the eyes/ ears 大饱眼福、大饱耳福 6. have belief in 相信 7. dress up 盛装打扮 8. dress sb./ oneself 穿衣 9. play a trick on 恶作剧 10. a trick 基础,诀窍 11. trick sb. into doing…欺 骗某人做 12. reick sb. out of sth. 骗 取某人某物 13. on one’s arrival in/at 在 某人到来时 14. gain experience 获得经 验 15. gain five minutes 快 5 分 钟 16. gain independence from 从…获得独立 17. be independent of 独立 于 18. award sb. sth. 奖励某 人某物 19. reward sb. with sth. 回报某人某物 20. admire sb. for sth. 因… 而钦佩某人 21. look forward to 盼望 22. day and night 日夜 23. as if/though 好像 24. have fun with…玩得开 心 25. fool sb. into doing…欺 骗某人做某事 26. without permission 未经 许可 27. without a permit 无执照 28. permit doing/ permit sb.

to do…允许做 29. turn up 30. turn down/ on/off/in /out/into/ around/away/over 31. keep one’s word31. 守 信 32. hold one’s breath 屏息 33. apologize to sb. for sth./ make an apology to sb. for…因…向某人道歉 34. be drowned in 淹没 35. It’s obvious that 显而易 见 36. set off 出发,爆炸,激 起 set off for…/ set sth. off 37. set up/ out/ about / down/ aside/ sb. free/ fire to… 38. remind sb. of 使…想起 M3U2 课文. 1. eat a healthy diet 2. keep/eat a balanced diet 3. feel frustrated 4. be full of 5. could have done 6. think of 7. be made of 8. Nothing could be better. 9. hurry by 10. must have done 11. be tired of 12. lose weight 13. curiosity drive… 14. be fit/ keep sb. fit 15. be amazed at 16. think about 17. can’t have sb. Doing 18. get away with… 19. tell sb. Lies 20. had better do…

21. do some research 22. far too much fat 23. win back 24. the competition is on 25. be afraid of… 26. be afraid to do… 27. be afraid of being laughed at 28. can’t stand 29. earn one’s living 30. after all 31. look forward to being in debt 32. no longer popular 33. glare at 34. the other day 35. spy on 36. feel sick with 37. a second plate 38. according to my research 39. rather than 40. cut down 41. become a success 42. before long 43. put on more weight 44. some time sometime sometimes some times 45. turn into 1. go/be on a diet 2. keep/lose one’s balance 3. out of balance 4. balance sth./ strike a balance between…and… 5. a balanced state of mind 6. ought (not ) to 7. lose weight 8. out of curiosity 9. be curious about 10. get away with 11. tell a lie/ tell lies

16. strength, power, energy, force 12. lie in 13. at a discount 14. win back 15. strength and weakness 17. consult sb. 18. earn one’ living/make a living 19. in debt 20. pay off one’s debts 21. glare at 21. spy on 22. a limit to (doing)… 23. within limits 24. without limit 25. benefit from/by 26. benefit sb./ be beneficial to sb./ be of great benefit to sb. 27. for the benefit of sb./ for one’s benefit 28. combine A and B 29. cut down 30. cut up 31. cut off 32. cut in 33. before long 30. far too much fat 31. keep fit/healthy 32. be on 33. after all 34. no longer popular 35. neither …nor… 36. rather than 37. a success 38. turn into M3U3 1. be based on 2. be brought up 3. be best known for…/ as…/to… 4. be set in

5. a large sum of money 6. make a bet (with sb.) 7. at this moment 8. be lost in 9. through the front door 10. on your left 11. permit me to lead the way 12. ---How well do you know…? ---Not at all. 13. ---I wonder if you’d mind us asking a few questions? ---Not at all. Go right ahead. 14. as a matter of fact 15. land in… 16. by accident 17. sail out of the bay 18. stare at 19. What is left of …? 20. towards nightfall 21. find myself carried out to sea 22. give myself up 23. It was the ship that brought you to England. 24. earn my passage 25. work as an unpaid hand 26. account for my appearance 27. seek help 28. I didn’t quite follow you. 29. offer me some kind of work 30. to be honest 31. I have none. (no money) 32. What luck! 33. on the contrary 34. on my way 35. care about

36. show sb. out 37. in exactly an hour and a half 38. wander from the subject 39. keep a complete account 40. go ahead with his story 41. make up her own story 42. next to… 43. be reserved 44. take one’s order 45. cost a large amount of money 46. eat like a wolf 47. every bit of food 48. another beer 49. take a chance 50. in a rude manner 51. pay your bill 52. a fake 53. pay too much attention to … 54. be in rages 55. for the first time 56. It’s all I have on. 57. Just having you sit here is a great honor. 58. Forget it. 59. from the bottom of my heart 60. Are you ready to order? 61. get into trouble 单词表 1. bring up 2. bring about 3. permit sb. to do… be permitted to do… permit (one’s) doing… 4. without permission 5. a permit 6. if time/ weather permits = time/ weather permitting

7. ahead of time 8. go ahead 9. by accident= by chance = accidentally 10. on purpose/ by design 11. on the spot 12. spot sth. 13. account for… 14. on account of… 15. on no account 16. lose one’s patience 17. out of patience 18. be patient with sb. 19. a large amount of +不 可数名词 谓语单数 20. large amounts of +不可 数名词 谓语复数 21. take a chance/ chances to do…/on sth. 22. table manners 23. It’s good manners to do… 24. on the scene 25. behind the scenes 26. find fault with 27. as for sth. M3U4 1. several billion books 2. in time 3. on time/ at a time/ at one time/ at no time/ in no time/ at times/all the time 4. in time to do sth. / for sth. 5. be fundamental to 6. be harmful to/do harm to/ harm sb./ be bad for 7. lay eggs (laid/laid) 8. give birth to … 9. in one’s turn 10. prevent…from… 11. block out 12. crash into 13. cheer up

14. now that 15. get the hang of 16. break out 17. be/ get exhausted 18. watch out (for…) 19. on earth 20. according to 21. a widely accepted theory 22. begin/start with 23. be to do… 24. cool down 25. on its surface 26. unlike the earth 27. it was not immediately obvious that… 28. allow sb. to do…/ allow doing … 29. make it possible for life to develop 30. many millions of years later 31. all sorts of fish 32. as well as 33. remain a mystery 34. be different from 35. the age of… 36. produce milk 37. escape from the earth to space 38. as a result of… 39. The earth became too hot to live on. 40. for millions of years to come 41. depend on 42. pay a visit to the moon 43. make a trip into space 44. explain sth. to sb. 45. get close to 46. as strong a pull as the earth’s 47. …twice as far as.. …twice farther than..

…twice the distance of… 48. overcome this difficulty M4U1 词汇表 1. achieve success/ a victory achieve one’s goal/ aim 2. a specialist in 3. in connection with 4. a human being 5. behave well/ badly (to/ towards sb.) 6. behave oneself 7. in the shade 8. move off 9. show/ have respect for 10. out of respect (for sb.) 11. argue with sb. about/ for/ over sth. 12. argue sb. into/out of doing 13. under argument 14. a worthwhile visit/ try 15. It is worthwhile to do…/ doing… 16. sth. is well worth doing 17. sth. is worthy to be done/ of being done 18. observe sb. do/ doing… 19. observe the rule 20. observe Thanksgiving 21. lead/live a…life 22. crowd in (on sb.) 23. be crowded with 24. crowd into… 25. in support of 26. look down upon/on 27. refer to (referred) 28. by chance 29. come across 30. at a …rate 31. intend (sb.) to do.. 32. be intended for … 33. in an emergency 34. from generation to

generation 35. out of kindness 36. be considerate towards 37. under consideration 38. take …into consideration 39. consider doing… 40. consider sb. as/ to be/ … 41. deliver sth. to sp. 42. deliver a baby 43. deliver a speech 44. carry on (with) sth. 45. carry on to do/ doing 1. sth. makes sb. 2. have …in common with. 3. be dressed as 4. fight for 5. drive …out of… 6. put sb. to death 7. improve prison conditions 8. concern herself with… 9. devote … to … 10. instead of 11. found a campaign 12. as many countries as possible 13. behave like humans 14. wake up 15. mean doing 16. the night before 17. in the shade of… 18. move off 19. make it all worthwhile 20. as strong as 21. spend years observing and recording… 22. work out the system 23. work out 24. be outspoken about 25. leave …in the wild 26. set up special places 27. lead a busy life 28. crowd in

29. do nothing wrong 30. gain a doctor’s degree 31. at least 32. two more= another two 33. look down upon 34. refer to 35. neither…nor… 36. carry on her good work 37. do research on 38. by chance 39. come across an article 40. be busy in her chosen career 41. travel abroad 42. catch one’s eye 43. cut the death rate 44. care for 45. keep babies free from sickness 46. be intended for women 47. reach a doctor 48. be (placed) second to boys’ 49. later on 50. story after story 51. deliver a baby 52. find out 53. devote her whole to … 54. a family of one’s own 55. the university entrance examination 句型 1. Watching a family of chimps wake up is our first activity of the day.(动名词 做主语) 2. Only after her mother came to help her for the first few months was she allowed to begin her project. (only 倒装) 3. Her work changed the way people think about chimps.(方式状语)

4. Once I stop, it all comes crowding in. 5. Once you have seen that you can never forget…(一 旦) 6. It seemed that she had been very busy… =She seemed to have been very busy… 7. Suddenly it hit me how difficult it was for a woman to get medical training at that time. It hit sb. that... 突 然 想 到 (strike/ come to/ occur to…) 8. That was a generation when girl’s education was always placed second to boys’. 定语从句 9. …it was hard work and determination as well as her gentle nature that got her into medical school. 强 调 10. Only when we understand their difficulties and problems, can we better understand their achievements. 倒装 M4U2 词汇表 1. be/ get sunburnt 2. one’s sunburnt face 3. struggle for/with/ against 4. struggle to one’s feet 5. die of hunger 6. go hungry 7. have a hunger for sth. have a hunger to do… hunger for/ after… 8. a disturbing day 9. feel/ be disturbed 10.circulate one’s

knowledge 11. thanks to… 12.rid…of… be/get rid of 13.be satisfied with 14. be far from satisfactory 15. to one’s satisfaction 16.would rather (not) do…(than do…) 17. would rather sb. did… (将来或现在) / sb. had done (过去) 18. equip …with… be equipped with 19. be poorly/well /fully equipped 20. a confusing problem 21. feel confused 22. regret doing… 23. regret to do… 24. to one’s regret 25. build up pressure build up build up one’s body/ strength/ confidence 26. lead to (doing…) 27. focus (one’s eyes/ attention/energy) on… 28. in focus/ out of focus 29. reduce to/by 30. keep …free from/of 31. make comments on 32. No comments! 33. What’s your nationality? 34. What’s your occupation? 38. make a great difference to sb. 39. the remaining farmland 40. in need of 41. over /in/for the past half century 42. become common in

farming 43. a way to stop…/ of stopping 44. have been finding… 45. long-term use 46. in the long term/ run 47. cause damage to / do damage to M4U3 1. a sense of humour 2. up to now 3. feel depressed 4. be/feel content with 5. to one’s heart’s content 6. perform an operation on sb. 7. perform an experiment 8. feel astonished 9. an astonishing result 10. to one’s astonishment 11. try one’s fortune 12. make a fortune 13. be badly off (for) 14. be worse off 15. be well off 16. be better off 17. be bored with =be tired of 18. entertain sb with sth 19. entertain ab. to sth. 20. in one’s teens 21. throughout the world (all over…) 22. throughout the year (all through…) 23. a worn-out coat 24. He is a failure. 25. end in failure 26. Failure is the mother of success. 27. overcome a difficulty 28. pick out 29. pick up 30. pick off

31. cut off (from…) 32. cut down 33. cut in 34. cut up 35. cut out 36. cut through/ across 37. convince sb. of sth. 38. in this direction 39. under one’s direction 40. fly direct to America 41. directly 42. star in (starred) 43. an outstanding director 44. build up our confidence 45. be particular about 46. be curious about 47. be enthusiastic about 48. in particular =particularly 49. in surprise =surprisingly 50. on that occasion 51.onoccasion=occasionally 52. slide into the classroom 53. explain sth. to sb. 54. in a whisper in whispers 55. whisper to sb. 56. in a mess 57. mess up 58. What a mess! 59. react to sb./sth. 1. break into 2. have a cold 3. drive winter from… 4. brighten one’s life 5. at a time 6. at one time 7. at no time 8. at times 9. in no time 10. Not that…,but that 11. be born in… 12. as soon as= the

moment=immediately 13. leave the family worse off 14. leave sb. standing 15. leave the problem unsolved 16. by his teens 17. child actors / men actors 18. do ordinary everyday tasks 19. make everything entertaining 20. as time went/goes by =with time going by 21. grow more and more popular 22. become known throughout the world 23. worn-out shoes 24. a walking stick 25. a social failure 26. in search of 27. without success 28. inspire ab. with sth. 29. try boiling 30. with great enjoyment 31. with great confidence 32. It looks as if it is going to rain.(事实) 33. It looks as if it would rain. 34. It looks as if it were broken. (虚拟) 35. It seems as if he had read the book. 36. make (full/ great) use of =make the best/most of =take advantage of 37. make up 38. in the 1990s 39. appear uncertain 40. burst into laughter burst out laughing

41. on one occasion 42. pretend to do… pretend to have done pretend to be doing 43. at no extra charge 44. add up add up to add to 45. hang up (hung) 46. match…with… 47. go camping 48. in the open air 49. look up 50. bring out 51. a second/ third time 52. sth. go bad 53. except that… 54. drunken childrens 55. happen to do… happen to have done happen to be doing 56. What fun! 57. feel a sense of success 58. get caught 59. sort out 60. in a complete mess M4U4 1. greet sb. with sth. 2. send my best greetings to... 3. in association with 4. be associated with 5. be curious about 6. be curious to do… 7. be full of curiosity 8. out of curiosity 9. satisfy/meet one’s curiosity 10. an approach to sth./doing sth. 11. the way to do… the way of sth./ doing.. 12. in the way/ by the means/ with the method

13. …is approaching. 14. approach sth. 15. as winter approaches/ with winter approaching 16. kiss sb. on the cheek 17. defend …against 18. in defence (of) 19. a major road 20. major in 21. an English major 22. dash into… 23. an adult/ a grown-up 24. spoken language 25. written language 26. English-speaking countries 27. sb. be likely to do.. 28. It is likely/possible/ probable that sb… 29. It is possible for sb. to do sth. 30. in general=generally 31. generally speaking 32. at a crossroads 33. be employed in doing… 34. facial expressions 35. …functions well/ smoothly 36. ease sb./sth. 37. feel / be at ease 38. put/ set sb. at ease 39. with ease 40. lose face 41. turn one’s back to/on 42. rank first 43. face…/be face with/ in the face of… 1. act …out 2. represent our university’s student association 3. enter the waiting area 4. look around curiously 5. the first person to arrive

6. introduce then to each other 7. kiss her on the cheek 8. appear surprised 9. put up her hands 10. put up 11. as if in defence 12. reach his hand out 13. at that moment 14. the moving hand 15. move/come close to… 16. stand close to… 17. connect sb. closely 18. close friends 19. shake one’s hands 20. one’s smiling face 21. on the contrary 22. nod at/to sb. 23. get to know 24. get done= be done 25. in the same way 26. as soon as 27. avoid difficulties avoid doing 28. in place of 29. in a hurry 30. ask for help 31. at a crossroads 32. receive an unexpected phone call 33. book a flight 34.meansof communication 35. spoken language 36. speak aloud 37. facial expression 38. put people at ease 39. be truly happy 40. up and down 41. from side to side 42. how about doing… 43. look away from… 44. in most cases 45. roll one’s eyes 46. turn one’s head away

47. be respectful to 48. be based on 49. give a hug to sb. 50. at a little distance 51. in every direction 52. knock over 53. be used to doing 54. turn red 55. avoid hitting sb. 56. pay a fine for sth. 57. watch/look out (for…) 58. be fined 200 yuan 59. a second/third time 60. keep away from 61. keep a record 62. wear a smile 63. What if…? 64. while 表对比 One student describes what is happening while the other three act. 65. 部 分 否 定 not 与 all, every, both Not all cultures greet each other the same way. = All cultures don’t greet each other the same way. 全否 neither nor It is the same with sb./ So it is with sth. M4U5 词汇表 1. a theme park/ song 2. in the centre of… 3. various books a variety of books varieties of books 4. be famous for/ as /to /in 5. fancy/ imagine doing… 6. for amusement 7. to one’s amusement 8. (It is) no wonder that.. 9. (There is) no doubt that…

10. There is no point/sense in doing… 11. No way! 12. No problem! 13. a unique swing 14. be unique to 15. tourist attractions 16. attract one’s attention 17. preserve our custom 18. be well preserved 19. in the preserve 20. in length 21. at length 22. do sb. a good deed 23. be modelled after 24. be translated into 25. a/the minority of 26. minority groups 27. a cloth 28. a piece of cloth 29. housing and clothing 30. in advance 31. in advance of… 32. advanced science and technology 33. brand new experiences 34. get close to 35. get close to being killed 36. come to life 37. come to oneself 38. come to power/ effect/ force/ operation/ being/ existence/ fashion 39. admit sb. to…/be admitted to 40. admit doing… 41. the admission to Beijing University 42. gain/get/ obtain permission to… 1. more than 2. no more than 3. various kinds 4. some…others…

5. be familiar with 6. make your dreams come true 7. through space 8. wander around 9. have fun (with sb.) 10. What fun! 11. in a parade 12. wherever there is… 13. from all over America 14. in the old-fashioned way 15. experience sth. 16. run a farm/company 17. News came that… 18. preserve the kingdom from disorder 19. come across sb./sth. into space 21. experience surviving an airplane crash 22. join sb. (in doing sth. 23. a break 24. take part in… 25. end my travel by doing… 26. meet face to face with… 27. survive the experience 28. the most advanced technology 29. beyond one’s ability/ imagination 30. up-to date information 31. together with 32. in a completely new way 33. be available 34. within easy reach of sb./ within one’s reach 35. beyond one’s reach out of one’s reach 36. so many…that… 37. be sure to do…/make sure that…


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