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广东省汕头市2016届高三普通高中毕业班教学质量监测英语试卷


汕头市 2015—2016 学年度普通高中毕业班教学质量 监测题 英
注意事项: 1.答题前,考生在答题卡上务必用直径0.5毫米黑色签字笔将自己的姓名、准考证号 填写清楚。 2.单项选择题每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑, 如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其它答案,答案不能答在试卷上。 3.非选择题必须用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔作答,答题前必须先填好答题纸的密封线内 各项内容。答案必须写在答题纸上各题目指定区域内相应位置上;如需改动,先划掉原来的 答案,然后再写上新的答案;不准使用铅笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。



本试卷共三部分,共8页,满分135分(120分×1.125)。考试时间120分钟。

第一部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项 (A、B、C和D )中,选出最佳选项并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。

A Selfies (自拍) have become an increasingly common way to capture memorable moments. When it comes to taking selfies , knowing the following tips can directly affect the quality of your final product. The use of light is vital to improving image quality. Lights can help avoid shadows and create soft features on your face, so turn your face toward the main light source. If you want to be creative, play with light angles by turning your body, but make sure the photo is properly exposed and your face is lit from the front or the side. Besides, avoid taking selfies against the main light source or with overhead lighting. In addition, natural light possesses a warmth that makes you look like you're glowing.(发光) When taking selfies, angles also matter a lot. Hold the camera away from your face, and try to take photos both horizontally(水平地) and vertically(垂直地). If not, your face might look bigger than usual. Ideally, the universal selfie angle is 45 degrees above your head. But you should study your face at different angles because finding your best angle requires you having seen all of them. One problem with selfies is that most have distracting backgrounds. You can always do more to show others your best side. Try to simplify the background by taking selfies outdoors or in spacious areas. Document yourself engaging in interesting activities---hiking with family members, visiting landmarks, or working out with friends. At least, you can make the photo appealing by getting rid of your outstretched arm or a background that's too busy. You can also download some photo apps that allow you to adjust the lighting and contrast.
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Some apps offer useful filters, which can change your skin tone and remove pimples (粉刺) on your face. 1.To get an image of high quality, you need to _______. A. be under the light source B. be against the main light C. face the main light source D. have the photo fully exposed 2.How can you find the angle that suits you most? A. Study your face at different angles. B. Hold the camera far enough from you. C. Keep the camera lower than your face. D. Place the camera 45 degrees above your head. 3.Which of the following should be avoided when taking selfies? A. The use of natural light. B. A landmark as a background. C. Changes of the skin tone. D. A busy background. B The pounding (重击声) was driving Edward crazy. A new neighbor had just moved into the apartment below him. The newcomer was deaf, or seemed to be, because he played his stereo(立 体声音响)loud enough for the whole building to hear. On the first day he heard the stereo rocking over, Edward marched downstairs and politely told the newcomer that his stereo was too loud. He asked the new tenant to turn the volume down and keep it down as long as he lived in the building. The tenant appeared surprised and embarrassed, and said, “Oh, I’m sorry. I didn’t realize it was that loud.” So, Edward returned upstairs, feeling good, because he had taken a stand and politely let the newcomer know that loud music was not going to be tolerated. The next day all was quiet, and Edward continued to be pleased with himself. The following day, Edward thought it must be Fourth of July, because a marching band was playing on his street. In fact, it was the new neighbor who was playing his music loud again. Edward was not one to repeat himself, feeling that each time you repeated yourself, you diminished the value of your words. So, he did what he always did with rude neighbors-—grin and bear it. Eventually, they would move away. What else are you going to do? In Los Angeles a year ago, a woman had complained to her upstairs neighbor that he was playing his drums too loud and too often. The drummer repeatedly ignored her. One day the woman walked upstairs and shot the drummer in the head and his girlfriend in the chest. The woman was sentenced to prison for 20 years. The dead drummer won’t bother anyone with his drums, but the woman might be wishing now that she had learned to grin and bear it. If she were still living in her apartment, she could always move. When you’re in prison, you don’t have that option. 4.The man living below where Edward lived was . A.a deaf man B.the owner of the house C.a tenant D.an old neighbor 5.What did Edward always do with rude neighbors? A.Grinning and bearing it. B.Persuading them to stop repeatedly. C.Shouting them to dead. D.Moving away from the rude neighbors. 6.The woman killed her neighbor because . A.he ignored her advice repeatedly B.she could not stand his playing the music too loud
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C.she could not put up with him any longer D.he played the drums too often 7.The author writes the last paragraph to prove that . A.being in prison means the loss of freedom B.grinning and bearing it is the best policy C.Edward should follow the example of the woman D.the woman was right to kill her neighbor C Even the hardest days contain lessons that will help you be a better person.Feeling down? Consider these things to remember when you’re having a bad day. No one promised life would be perfect . If you look for perfection , you’ll never be content.Don’t condition your happiness on meeting every expectation you set for yourself.It is good to be ambitious, but you’ll never be perfect. If you expect otherwise, your life will be filled with disappointments. Success doesn’t happen overnight.Trees that are slow to grow bear the best fruit.Don’t kid yourself into thinking success will come quickly.It isn’t easy to be patient,but anything worth doing requires time.If you get frustrated,remind yourself why your goal is important. There is a lesson in every struggle.And once the storm is over,you won’t remember how you made it through or how you managed to survive. But one thing is certain. When you come out of the storm,you won’t be the same person who walked in.That’s what this storm’s all about.Don’t complain about how terrible your life is.If you search for the lesson in your present struggle,you’ll be able to make positive changes that would prevent similar situations in the future. Without hard times,you wouldn’t appreciate the good ones.Strength does not come from winning. Your struggles develop your strengths. When you go through hardships and decide not to give in,that is strength.It is hard to find much to smile about when you fail,but how else would you improve yourself? If you look at failure as a part of your evolutionary process,you’ll stay positive and pursue your goals for as long as it takes. 8.Which of the following is the best title of this passage? A.Every person has to go through hard times. B.We can learn a lot from our struggles. C.We should accept the fact that life is not perfect. D.Things to remember when you are having a bad day. 9.What does the underlined sentence in Paragraph 3 mean? A.Success will come quickly. B.Hard work leads to success. C.Success calls for patience. D.Confidence is the first step to success. 10.We can learn from Paragraph 4 that____________. A.1essons from struggles make us stronger B.all things are difficult before they are easy C.we should forget how we managed to survive D. similar situations in the future will never appear 11.What can we infer from Paragraph 5? A.Hard times make us lose heart and be short of courage. B.Perseverance in time of hardships develops our strengths. C.Smiles when you fail will not help to improve yourself.
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D.We should try to avoid failures in the evolutionary process. D The writer Margaret Mitchell is best known for writing Gone with the Wind, first published in 1936. Her book and the movie based on it, tell a story of love and survival during the American Civil War. Visitors to the Margaret Mitchell House in Atlanta, Georgia, can go where she lived when she started composing the story and learn more about her life. Our first stop at the Margaret Mitchell House is an exhibit area telling about the writer’s life. She was born in Atlanta in 1900. She started writing stories when she was a child. She started working as a reporter for the Atlanta Journal newspaper in 1922. One photograph of Ms. Mitchell, called Peggy, shows her talking to a group of young college boys. She was only about one and a half meters tall. The young men tower over her, but she seems very happy and sure of herself. The tour guide explains: “Now in this picture Peggy is interviewing some boys from Georgia Tech, asking them such questions as “Would you really marry a woman who works?” And today it’d be “Would you marry one who doesn’t?” The Margaret Mitchell House is a building that once contained several apartments. Now we enter the first floor apartment where Ms. Mitchell lived with her husband, John Marsh. They made fun of the small apartment by calling it “The Dump”. Around 1926, Margaret Mitchell had stopped working as a reporter and was at home healing after an injury. Her husband brought her books to read from the library. She read so many books that he bought her a typewriter and said it was time for her to write her own book. Our guide says Gone with the Wind became a huge success. Margaret Mitchell received the Pulitzer Prize for the book. In 1939 the film version was released. It won ten Academy Awards, including Best Picture. 12. The book Gone with the Wind was _________. A. first published on a newspaper B. awarded ten Academy Awards C. written in “The Dump” D. adapted from a movie 13. The underlined phrase “tower over” in Paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to_________. A. be very pleased with B. be much taller than C. show great respect for D. show little interest in 14. We can know about Margaret Mitchell from the passage that _________. A. her height made her marriage unhappy B. her interest in writing continued as an adult C. writing stopped her working as a reporter D. her life was full of hardship and sadness 15. Which is the best title for the passage? A. Gone with the Wind: A Huge Success. B. Margaret Mitchell: A Great Female Writer. C. An Introduction of the Margaret Mitchell House. D. A Trip to Know Margaret Mitchell. 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余 选项。 Four Ways to Be a Great Roommate Having a roommate can be one of the best experiences in college or, easily, one of the worst.
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16 Follow these tips to avoid the common mistakes that turn good roommate relationships sour. ◇Talk things out. Communication is key. If something happens, sit down with your roommate and have a face-to-face conversation. I've seen roommate relationships fall apart because something happens and ,instead of talking to each other, the two start complaining about their roommates behind their backs. 17 ◇Don't expect to be best friends. Some roommates become the best of friends, and some don't. Don't put pressure on yourself or your roommate, especially when you first meet. 18 And if your roommate doesn't end up being your best friend, don't worry. ◇ 19 This applies to food, clothes and anything else. If you want to keep a relationship going, show your roommate that you have respect for what is his or hers by asking first. Even if you both agree to share everything, you should still ask. ◇Clean up after yourself. This should do without saying. Don't be lazy. Or, at least, don't bury your roommate in your clothes and garbage. Most people I've come across in college are messy. 20 But being considerate with where you put your stuff will help you avoid conflict. A.Think twice before you help your roommates out. B. This creates nothing but awkward situations and unhappiness. C. You don't have all the time to clean your room and keep it organized. D. Ask before you take. E. It all starts with you to have a good relationship with your roommate. F. Sometimes you get stuck with someone who has tons of negative energy. G. Remember, you're trying to make a new friend, not to scare your roommate away. 第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项。 Do you want to get smarter and stay sharp? Scientists have discovered that when playing a musical instrument, the human brain can __21__ the structure as well as the __22__ of how it works. For a long time scientists believed that the human brain was __23__ developed by age 5 and we were stuck with our gray cells for the rest of our lives. But our brain is a/an __24__ organ. Research finds that the brain can change __25__ and even create new connections all through our lives as we learn new skills! __26__, connections and areas of the brain that are less used __27__. The strength of the connections in the brain increases with the amount of practice. Every time you play a musical instrument, as your fingers glide over the instrument, your brain establishes important electrical __28__. As you try to figure out the right notes, you are exercising parts of the brain which are __29__ for language learning. When you __30__ your music, you are working yet other __31__ of the brain that help prevent memory loss. The __32__ activities required for learning and playing music help to build connections in the brain between otherwise __33__ parts.
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Why is this important? __34__ taking a new, unfamiliar route to school. It will take a few attempts __35__ you figure out the best shortcut to your destination. The brain works in the same way. Creating new connections can help us __36__ our brain to focus on __37__ ways of learning and storing information that is important for us. So the next time your mother __38__ you to practice your music, you are not doing her a __39__ -- -you are __40__ strengthening and re-writing your brain for the future! 21. A. create B. change C. make D. keep 22. A. function B. effect C. fact D. symbol 23. A. hardly B. partly C. nearly D. fully 24. A. natural B. funny C. usual D. amazing 25. A. strength B. size C. shape D. weight 26. A. Fortunately B. Similarly C. Strangely D. Surprisingly 27. A. go up B. come out C. die away D. get off 28. A. connections B. functions C. areas D. instruments 29. A. inevitable B. essential C. obvious D. ordinary 30. A. memorize B. play C. do D. write 31. A. regions B. fields C. cases D. instruments 32. A. useful B. complex C. scientific D. personal 33. A. similar B. creative C. imaginary D. unrelated 34. A. Suggest B. Practice C. Consider D. Imagine 35. A. when B. before C. that D. since 36. A. work B. teach C. train D. run 37. A. shorter B. farther C. quicker D. cleverer 38. A. allows B. promises C. reminds D. warns 39. A. favor B. pleasure C. need D. lesson 40. A. certainly B. finally C. specially D. actually 第二节: (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Fabien Cousteau was born with deep love for the ocean. His grandfather and his father were ocean 41.______________ (explorer) and documentary filmmakers. Today, Fabien follows in his family’s footstep to protect the planet’s 42.______________ (danger) ocean life and tries 43.______________ (strike) a balance between environmental problems and market economies. Fabien is well known for his study of sharks. During 2000-2002, he created a TV special based on the shark attacks that 44.______________( occurr) along the New Jersey shoreline in 1916. Then in 2003-2006, 45.______________ the help of a large crew, Fabien created a shark submarine that enabled 46.______________(he) to put himself inside the shark world, providing people with a rare view of the mysterious and often misunderstood creatures. For the next four years, Fabien was part of a series called Ocean Adventures, 47.______________ offered a rare look into some of the most fantastic ocean species and environments. In 2010, Fabien started a nonprofit project to help restore water ecosystems by replanting key ocean species. From June 1 to July 2, 2014, Fabien and his team spent 31 days underwater to discover 48.______________ climate change and pollution are affecting the oceans. Fabien’s Mission 31 broke new ground by going deeper, longer and farther.
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Fabine is 49.______________( current) working on a documentary film about the adventures of Mission 31, as well as 50.______________ (build) an Ocean Learning Center to provide children around the world with the opportunity to learn about oceans. 第三部分:写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节:短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(Λ),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Xiao Ming, I am a editor of English Corner. I've received your letter ask me to give you some advice on how to learn English well. Here are some of my suggestions: First of all, I suggest you should read the English word, sentences and short articles loud every morning. Meanwhile, you should try to memorize the useful sentences as much as possible and recite some short passages as well. Moreover, it suggested that you read a great variety of books after school. Last but not least, a certain amount of time should be spent in listening exercises. As long as you can make good use of your spared time to learn English, surely, you will make rapid progress. Just as the saying going, "Where there is a will, and there is a way." If you stick to your dream and study hardly, I'm sure you will be successful in your English study. Yours, Li Hua 第二节:书面表达(满分 25 分) 假设你是李华,圣诞节你到美国旅游,期间借住在笔友 John 家,回国后,请给他写一 封感谢信,信的要点如下: 1. 表示感谢; 2. 圣诞节感受; 3. 邀请他到中国来过春节。 注意:1.词数:100 左右; 2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯 参考答案
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1-5 CADCA 6-10 CBDCA 11-15 BCBBD 16-20 EBGDC 完形填空: 21-25 BADDC 26-30 BCABA 31-35 ABDDB 36-40 CCCAD 语法填空: 41. explorers 42. endangered 43. to strike 44. occurred 45. with 46. him 47.which 48.how 49.currently 50. building 短文改错: Dear Xiao Ming, I am a editor of English Corner. I’ve received your letter ask me to give you some advice an asking on how to learn English well. Here are some of my suggestions: First of all, I suggest you should read the English word, sentences and short articles aloud words every morning. Meanwhile, you should try to memorize the useful sentences as much as many possible and recite some short passages as well. Moreover, it∧suggested that you read a great is variety of books after school. Last but not least, a certain amount of time should be spent in listening exercises. As long as you can make good use of your spared time to learn English, surely, you will spare make rapid progress. Just as the saying going, “Where there is a will, and there is a way.” goes If you stick to your dream and study hardly, I'm sure you will be successful in your English hard study. on

Yours, Li Hua Dear Xiao Ming, I am a editor of English Corner. I've received your letter ask me to give you some advice on an asking how to learn English well. Here are some of my suggestions: First of all, I suggest you should read the English word, sentences and short articles aloud words
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every morning. Meanwhile, you should try to memorize the useful sentences as much as possible many and recite some short passages as well. Moreover, it suggested that you read a great variety of is books after school. Last but not least, a certain amount of time should be spent in listening on exercises. As long as you can make good use of your spared time to learn English, surely, you will spare make rapid progress. Just as the saying going, "Where there is a will, and there is a way." If you goes stick to your dream and study hardly, I'm sure you will be successful in your English study. hard Yours, Li Hua 写作: Dear John, I’m writing to express my thanks to you and your parents for your great kindness and hospitality when I was in America. The celebration of the Christmas Festival with you gave me a glimpse to know about your culture and customs. With your well-prepared decoration of the house, I was bathed in the joyful festival atmosphere. On the Christmas Eve, we had a traditional turkey dinner. What amazed me most was that your parents also prepared a gift for me! Thank you very much! With the arrival of the Spring Festival, I would like to invite you to celebrate it with my family and experience different culture and customs in my hometown. Looking forward to your reply and coming. Yours faithfully, Li Hua

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