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短文改错训练(1)


短文改错训练
短文改错解题步骤
1. 浏览全文,掌握大意 2. 分句阅读,逐句找错 3. 由易到难,各个击破 4. 检查核对,规范答题

短文改错口诀
动词形,名词数, 还要注意形和副; 非谓语,细辨别, 代词格,细领悟; 介词短语常常考, 习惯用法要记住; 句子成分多分析, 逻辑错误需关注, 冠词连词常光顾。

短文改错四不改
1. 标点符号不改。 2. 大小写不改。 3. 词序错误不改。 4. 纲外生词不改。

短文改错解题原则
1.错误以改动最少为原则 2.虚词以添加删除为原则 3. 实词以改变形式为原则 4.原意以保持不变为原则

(1) Walked slowly along a street, Mr. Smith, a warm-hearted old man, saw a little boy trying to reach a doorbell that it was too high for him. “Let me ring a bell for you,” the old man stopped and says. He then pulled the bell quite hard that it could be heard all over the house. Surprised and happily, the little boy looked up at him and said, “Now you will run away. Come on.” The naughty boy had run away after Mr. Smith could realize what was happening. Of course the old man had to explain the angry owner of the house why he had ring the bell. (2) Now more and more people keep dogs like pets. You’ll often see people walked with their dogs unless you are in a town or a city. Once upon a time, people used dogs for the hunting of other animal, and some even used them drive sheep. However, the reason that one keeps a dog has changed. Though people still keep dogs to frighten thieves, but the most important reason is people feel lonely in the city. A dog is a child’s best friend when he had no friends to play with. A dog is a child for old people when his real children have grown up and left.

like→as

will→can

walked→walking

you are in→you are not in

hunting of →删 of

drive→to drive alone→lonely

the season that→the season for that when he had→when he has

though people still→though people

(3) Helen was in her twenty and her eyes were not that well. That was because she usually wore glasses. However, every time when she went out with a young man, she never wore her glasses. Helen often takes her glasses off when he came to take her out. When she came home again and he left, she put it on. Full of curiosity, her mother said one day, “Why not to wear your glasses when you with Jim? He takes you to beautiful places by his car, but you can’t see anything clearly.” “Oh,” said Helen, “without glasses I look prettier to Jim and he looks better to me either.” (4) Attention please, everyone! About 50 students from American will come to our school for the visit on October 4th, Sunday. Our class will greet them. We will meet at the school gate at 8:40 am and giving them a warm welcome. They will arrive at 9:00 am, and then we will show the American students to the schoolyard, the lab building or the teaching building. There will have a friendly basketball game in the playground at 10:00. We will leave our school at 11:00. We should polite to our guests and talk about them in English. That’s all. Thank you. (5) It is known to us all plants, animals and people need water. Life couldn ’t go on with water. With the rapidly development of our country, more and more water are needed and many places

are now short of water. What’s worse, a large number of rivers and lakes are being polluting by the waste water from factory. Fish can not longer live in them. At the same time, the waste water does harm to the people’s health. In order to make rivers and lakes clean and prevent it from being polluted, we must take measures right now and fighting a battle against all kinds of pollution. (6) It was when I was an university student that I did a lot travelling abroad. One day, encouraging by a professor who said, “Now is the time for you to travel around the world, enrich your knowledge through actually experiences and having fun!” I decided to do as told to. However, I had done most of my travelling through the Internet since I started to work for a food company. By using the Internet, I have not only seen the sights of many cities on their computer screen, but also got information about food in different country. As information technology develop, one might be able to do so with making real trips. (7) I have an uncle, he lives in the countryside. I still remember the days that I paid a visit to him in last summer. I made friend with many boys of my age there. All of them were easy to get along. They taught me how to swim in the river but I taught them English. Some boys, whose parents went to cities to make a living, was left behind to living with their grandparents. Though they lived a hard life, they studied hard. How I hope I can help them as many as possible! Now I often kept in touch with them by writing letters. (8) Dear Tom, I’m very glad to have received the e-mail you send me yesterday. You told me in your e-mail

that you’d like to study in a art school. I know that you are not only like singing, but also are good at dancing. In my opinion, if you are training properly, you’ll be success one day. However, your parent didn’t think it a good idea for you to be a singer or a dancer. They all felt unhappy when you told them our plan. If possible, I will come and visit you on this Sunday and do what I can persuade them. (9) Dear Jack, I accepted your letter yesterday and I was very glad to hear your success in your exam. You are always doing good in your lessons. I just finished a trip to the countryside that my grandparents live. Much to my joy, my grandparents were all in good health. Besides, I met a lot of friends I hadn’t seen for age. You cannot imagine what happy I was when I meet them there. We went to fishing in the afternoon and chat in the evening. It has been five years after I moved to this city with my parents, but I still remember the days when I stayed with my friends in the countryside. How is your holiday? Looking forward to your reply. Yours, Li Hua (10) Almost all parents in China hope their sons or daughters will have happy future. They are very strict with their children, and so do teachers in schools! Many children are giving so much homework that they have hardly any spare time to have sports. The children are forbidden to do anything but to study. There is no wonder there’re so many children are tired of their lessons. Some even attack or kill their parents or teachers! I strong believe many people had already read

this kind of news in newspapers or magazines. Shouldn’t we draw a lesson from the accident? Now our government is carrying on a plan to solve the education problems.


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