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四级作文讲解


CET-4 作文

CET-4作文评分原则
CET-4 作文评分标准 Range-finders (4WSH2) (样卷)

评分原则
1. CET是检查考生是否达到大学英语教 学大纲规定的四级和六级教学要求,对 作文的评判应以此要求为准则。

2. CET 作 文 题 采 用 总 体 评 分 (

Global Scoring)方法。阅卷人员就总的印象给 出奖励分(Reward Scores),而不是按 语言点的错误数目扣分。

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3. 从内容和语言两个方面对作文进行综合评 判。内容和语言是一个统一体。作文应表达 题目所规定的内容,而内容要通过语言来表 达。要考虑作文是否切题,是否充分表达思 想,也要考虑是否用英语清楚而合适地表达 思想,也就是要考虑语言上的错误是否造成 理解上的障碍。
4. 避免趋中倾向。该给高分的给高分,包 括满分;该给低分给低分,包括零分。一名 阅卷人员在所评阅的全部作文卷中不应只给 中间的几种分数。

语言—考量学生语言运用能力的重要因素 1. 准确性(accuracy)—用词是否恰当、语 法结构是否准确 2. 复杂性(range or complexity)—四级词 汇(亮点词汇),语言结构(以150词的作文 为例,9-10句,语言结构复杂;14-15句,语 言结构简单。) 3. 连贯性(coherence)— 过渡及衔接是否流 畅,思维是否连贯(有无常常修改)

评分标准
13-15

14

10-12
7-9 4-6 1-3

11
8 5 2

14分

—— 切题。表达思想清楚,文字通顺、

连贯,基本上无语言错误,仅有个别小错。

11分

—— 切题。表达思想清楚,文字连贯,

但有少量语言错误。

8分

—— 基本切题。有些地方表达思想不

够清楚,文字勉强连贯;语言错误相当多,

其中有一些是严重错误。

5分

—— 基本切题。表达思想不清楚,

连贯性差。有较多的严重语言错误。

2分

—— 条理不清,思路紊乱,语言

支离破碎或大部分句子均有错误,且多
数为严重错误。

0分——白卷,作文题目毫不相关,或
只有几个孤立的词而无法表达思想,

字数不足扣分标准
累计字数 110 100 90 80- 70- 60- 50<49 (CET-4) 119 109 99 89 79 69 59 扣 分 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9

注:1.如题目中给出主题句,起始句,结束 句,均不得计入所写字数。

2. 规定的内容未写全者,按比例扣分。

得分率(作文分相当于百分制的得分)

作 文 15 14 13 12 11 10 分

9

8

7

6

5

4

3

2

1

得 分 100 94 87 80 74 67 60 54 47 40 34 27 20 14 7 率

Back

The Structure of the Writing
a brief description the conclusion importance of learning basic skills

three parts

作文分析

比 however 出现少 As we can see in the picture, a teacher shows multiplication table on the blackboard to the students. Nevertheless, one of the children doubts its significance and says, “No offence, but by the time we’re in the job market, won’t that stuff be outdated?” From his perspective, it is no use studying basic skills because it won’t help them find a job. 多数人用 importance 亮点词 句型多变

连接词清晰 词组使用既准确又漂亮 自然 However, from my personal point of view, we should attach great importance to learning basic skills. To begin with, basic skills are the solid foundation of our knowledge system. Without it, nothing can be achieved. Furthermore, although some basic skills may be outdated as time goes by, learning basic skills can benefit us a lot in improving our ways of thinking. 双重否定句型 短语使用准确

Only by doing sth. + 倒装
Only by getting basic knowledge can we explore more difficult tasks. Lastly, through the process of learning basic skills we can acquire certain qualities, such as carefulness, determination and perseverance. 亮点词汇

两个短语使用很亮

和 in a word 比较

From what has been discussed above, we may arrive at the conclusion that students should do their utmost to learn basic skills. 开头:描述简洁、清晰 14分 作文 文中:内容充实,句式多样

漂漂亮亮

结尾:简洁有力

As we can see in the picture, a teacher shows multiplication table on the blackboard to the students. Nevertheless, one of the children doubts its significance and says, “No offence, but by the time we’re in the job market, won’t that stuff be outdated?” From his perspective, it is no use studying basic skills because it won’t help them find a job. However, from my personal point of view, we should attach great importance to learning basic skills. To begin with, basic skills are the solid foundation of our knowledge system. Without it, nothing can be achieved. Furthermore, although some basic skills may be outdated as time goes by, learning basic skills can benefit us a lot in improving our ways of thinking. Only by getting basic knowledge can we explore more difficult tasks. Lastly, through the process of learning basic skills we can acquire certain qualities, such as carefulness, determination and perseverance. From what has been discussed above, we may arrive at the conclusion that students should do their utmost to learn basic skills.

13--15分

As is shown in the picture, when a teacher introduces the multiplication table to the students, they doubt that it is useful when they are in the job market. Learning basic skills is questioned by more and more people. They complain that these skills are never used later in their lives. Thus, it’s a waste of time learning basic skills, and instead, we should study more practical skills. As for me, I totally disagreed about this opinion. To begin with, we have to admit that it’s impossible for us to learn skills far beyond our capability. What’s more, learning basic skills enable us to study better. We can’t hold the illusion that we are smart enough to ignore these skills. In fact, we use them anywhere in our lives. Last but not least, we all learn from zero, so it’s necessary to learn basic skills. In short, everyone should aware of the importance of learning basic skills. Only in this way can we acquire more skills and knowledge in an efficient way.

段落多—松散

doubt 后应该是 whether 或 if

As is shown in the picture, when a teacher introduces the multiplication table to the students, they doubt that it is useful when they are in the job market.
概括图片内容—简洁

public opinion Learning basic skills is questioned by more and more people. They complain that these skills are never used later in their lives. Thus, it’s a waste of time learning basic skills, and instead, we should study more practical skills. basic 和 practical 不对应

时态和搭配不恰当

亮点词汇

As for me, I totally disagreed about this opinion. To begin with, we have to admit that it’s impossible for us to learn skills far beyond our capability. What’s more, learning basic skills enable us to study better. We can’t hold the illusion that we are smart enough to ignore these skills. In fact, we use them anywhere in our lives. Last but not least, we all learn from zero, so it’s necessary to learn basic skills. 搭配不当 中式英语

should be aware of In short, everyone should aware of the importance of learning basic skills. Only in this way can we acquire more skills and knowledge in an efficient way. 亮点句型、词汇

11分作文 (10-12分)
1. 总体上表达清楚,衔接比较自然。 2. 语言清楚,但是平淡。

3. 有少量语言错误,并无大的语言错误。

清楚平淡

8分作文(7-9分)
As the picture shown, a teacher is teaching students a multiplication table and some students are looking at the blackboard carefully. One of the students say, “No offense, but by the time we’re in the job market, won’t that staff be outdated?” Maybe some people believe that it’s important to learn basic skills. However, others don’t think so.

Personally, I think to learn basic skills is useful to everyone. First, there are basic skills may help you do other things easier, especially something that has relation with the basic skills. Second, if you have learn basic skills, you can find to do many work easier so that you will have more chance than others. Thirdly, you will learn more when you are learning basic skills and the basic skills may give you some inspire and find a new way to do your work.
Just as say by the student, stuff will be outdated and nowadays new skills are created frequently. We should learn basic skills to catch the society and learn other skills.

时态

不注意语态

As the picture shown, a teacher is teaching students a multiplication table and some students are looking at the blackboard carefully. One of the students say, “No offense, but by the time we’re in the job market, won’t that staff be outdated?” Maybe some people believe that it’s important to learn basic skills. However, others don’t think so. 两种不同的看法

have learned

连动—汉语思维

Personally, I think to learn basic skills is useful to everyone. First, there are basic skills may help you do other things easier, especially something that has relation with the basic skills. Second, if you have learn basic skills, you can find to do many work easier so that you will have more chance than others. Thirdly, you will learn more when you are learning basic skills and the basic skills may give you some inspire and find a new way to do your work. 词性混用 严重语言错误 inspiration

语言表达错误

搭配不当

Just as say by the student, stuff will be outdated and nowadays new skills are created frequently. We should learn basic skills to catch the society and learn other skills.

总体结构比较清楚。
8分 (7-9分)

马马虎虎

有一些语言错误,而且均为严重错误。

隔三差五有错,三分之二的句子准确。

There is a picture of a teacher was teaching Multiplication Table for her students The teacher’s teaching way were lively and active. However, the students were confused, because they take this basic skills is unmeaning and unused. In modern job market, we merely often take effectively advantage of this basic skills that learn from school. But it is affected our ways when we work. I think, the important role of learning basic skills is familared with the air that we breathed the wind, and the food we eated it. So we must high speedly realized that learning well the basic skills is necessary and important. If we don’t study the Multiplication Table, we will don’t know maths, if we unknown math, we will not be able to scale. It is a bad circle. “No offense, but by the time we’re in the job market, won’t that stuff be outdated” was wrong. The knowledge is wealthy. We must have confident that as long as we learn good, we must look for a good job in the future.

There is a picture of a teacher was teaching Multiplication Table for her students. The teacher’s teaching way were lively and active. However, the students were confused, because they take this basic skills is unmeaning and unused.

In modern job market, we merely often take effectively advantage of this basic skills that learn from school. But it is affected our ways when we work.

I think, the important role of learning basic skills is familared with the air that we breathed the wind, and the food we eated it. So we must high speedly realized that learning well the basic skills is necessary and important. If we don’t study the Multiplication Table, we will don’t know maths, if we unknown math, we will not be able to scale. It is a bad circle.

Knowledge is wealth. “No offense, but by the time we’re in the job market, won’t that stuff be outdated” was wrong. The knowledge is wealthy. We must have confident that as long as we learn good, we must look for a good job in the future. confidence

内容混乱,思路不清晰,陈述不到位。 5分作文 (4-6分)

选词含混不清,无词性、时态区分。
错误频出,三分之二的句子错误。

糊里糊涂

In this picture, we can see there is a teacher teached students multiplication table, but the students didn’t think it offense in the job market. Advance with the society more and more controversial issues have brought, one of which is teaching, just like the picture, with the developenting society, our teaching must developenting as well, now in the job market, the company request more and more, but our school and college teach too simple. It due to the student can’t find the job in the job market, and they say no offense but by the time we’re in the job market, won’t that staff be outdated? Now we must to know student want, that we can make them useful in the job market, then it can solve the issue.

In this picture, we can see there is a teacher teached students multiplication table, but the students didn’t think it offense in the job market.

Advance with the society more and more controversial issues have brought, one of which is teaching, just like the picture, with the developenting society, our teaching must developenting as well, now in the job market, the company request more and more, but our school and college teach too simple. It due to the student can’t find the job in the job market, and they say no offense but by the time we’re in the job market, won’t that staff be outdated?

Now we must to know student want, that we can make them useful in the job market, then it can solve the issue.

思路紊乱,条理不清。

2分作文 (1-3分)

语言支离破碎,没有完整的句子。
基本词汇不扎实,组织语言能力太差。

一塌糊涂

高分作文亮点句型
1. It is … that …. (强调句)
2. Provided that …… (条件句) 3. Convenient as technology is, basic skills…… (让步状语从句)

4. Only by learning the basic skills well, can we …...(倒装句) 5. So …. is ….. that ……(倒装句)

高分作文亮点词语
desert ( Basic skills are deserted.) be supposed to
alter attitude give vote to approve of cultivate one’s view of beauty build one’s mind

strengthen one’s ability put forward come up with competitive society attach importance to take…into consideration in terms of ………

低分作文常见的问题

不理解题 目的要求 (单词不 熟);偏离 主题

上下句及 段落衔接 缺乏逻辑 性

结构不完 整,缺少 部分内容

时态不一 致;连动 结构多; 词性不分; 动词原形 做主语


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