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高中英语基础写作训练Basic


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How to describe a place

Test your memory:

0.5 ′ 3 4

1

2

10 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 0 1 7
in,
over

on,


at,
under == below

next to == beside

Read aloud:

in,

on,

at,

在…之上:over

在…之下 under == below
在…旁边: next to == beside

10 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 0 1 7
inside outside
behind before == in front of

near, between
in the middle of

Read aloud:

inside near,

outside
behind,

before == in front of

between

in the middle of

on the left, on the right in/on/to the south of in/on/to the north of in/on/to the east of

10 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 0 1 7

in/on/to the west of

on the left, on the right in/on/to the south of in/on/to the north of in/on/to the east of

Read aloud:

in/on/to the west of

10 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 0 1 7
位于:be located in=be situated in= lie in
[l?u‵keitid] [‵??ri?] [skw??] [‵sit?ueitid]

area 面积, square meter平方米,
long长, wide宽, high高,

Read aloud:
位于:be located in=be situated in= lie in
[l?u‵keitid] [‵??ri?] [skw??] [‵sit?ueitid]

area 面积, square meter平方米, long长, wide宽, high高,

1′ ? Look at the following passage and find out some useful expressions about describing a place:

“位于……”
面积

方位

长、宽、高

①Hua Qiao Middle School is located in the north of Sihui.②It stands at the middle of Sihui Road.③There are several buildings in it.④ Building 04 is our teaching building.⑤Our teaching building covers an area of over 210 square meters. ⑥It is about 20 meters long,11 meters wide and 19 meters high.⑦There are six floors in it.⑧Our classroom is on the sixth floor. ⑨ It is in the east of Building 04.⑩Class 27 is next to it.

5′

Rewrite sentences

ⅡRelevant expressions
1. “某物位于……” ? sth. lie(s)/ stand(s)/ be located /be situated + in/at/on… + 某处 e.g. Hua Qiao Middle School is located in the north of Sihui. = Hua Qiao Middle School lies / stands/is situated in the north of Sihui.

ⅡRelevant expressions
2. “面积”的表达 ①The area of+某地+is+……square meters ②某地+covers an area of +……square meters e.g. Our teaching building covers an area of 210 square meters. = The area of our teaching building is 210 square meters.

ⅡRelevant expressions
3. “长,宽,高”的表达 ① sth. is +数字+in length/width/height ② sth. is+数字+long/wide/high e.g.It is about 20 meters long,11 meters wide and 19 meters high. =(Our teaching building)is about 20 meters in length,11 meters in width and 19 meters in height.

ⅡRelevant expressions
4. “东,南,西,北”的表达 ? sth. is +in/to/on the east (south…)of+某处 B A B A B A
(A与B相邻接)

A is in the east of B

A is on the east of B

(A在B的范围之内)A is to the east of B (A在B的范围之外,且不接壤)

1) Guangdong is ___ in the south of China. 2) Beijing is ___ to the north of Guangdong. 3) Guangdong is ___ on the east of Guangxi.

10 ′
Sentence Integration (句子整合) ——将简单句转为较复杂的句子

[方法]运用“插入结构”或“with的复合 结构” 可用作插入结构的有:过去/现在分词短语, 介词短语或从句等。 e.g.1.①Our school is located in the north of Sihui.②It stands at the middle of Sihui Road.③There are several buildings in it. Our school, _______________________, located in the north of Sihui stands at the middle of Sihui Road ____ with several buildings in it. (过去分词短语+with复合结构)

2.⑤Our teaching building covers an area of over 210 square meters.⑥It is about 19 meters high, meters 20 long and 11 meters wide.⑦There are 6 floors in it. ? Our teaching building, _____________________________________, covering an area of 210 square meters is 20 meters long, 11 meters wide and 19 meters high ____ with 6 floors in it. (用现在分词短语+with的复合结构)

Ⅲ Sentence Integration (句子整合)
3. ⑧Our classroom is on the 6th floor.⑨It is in the east of Building 04.⑩Class 27 is next to it. in the east of Building 04 Our classroom,___________________, is on the 6th floor _____class 27 next to it. with
(用介词短语+with的复合结构)

①Hua Qiao Middle School, located in the north of Sihui, stands at the middle of Sihui Road with several buildings in it. ② Building 04 is our teaching building .③Our teaching building, covering an area of over 210 square meters, is about 20 meters long, 11 meters wide and 19 meters high with six floors in it. ④Our classroom, in the east of Building 04, is on the sixth floor with Class 27 next to it. ⑤I love my school.

ⅠRelevant expressions: 1.“位于……”: sth. lie(s)/stand(s)/be located /be situated + in/at/on… + 某处 2. 面积: ①The area of+某地+is+……square meters ②某地+covers an area of +……square meters

ⅠRelevant expressions: 3. “长,宽,高”: ① sth. is +数字+in length/width/height ② sth. is+数字+long/wide/high 4. 方位:sth. is +in/to/on the east (south…)of+某处

ⅡSentence Integration : [方法]运用插入结构,with的复合结构 1. 过去分词短语 (past participle phrase) 2. 现在分词短语 (present participle phrase) 3. 介词短语 (prep. phrase )

请根据下面的信息提示写一篇短文。 假设你是李华,应你的朋友Bob的要求,写一封信 介绍“国家游泳中心”的基本情况。(满分15分

场馆名 称 场馆地 点 规模 座位数

国家游泳中心(“水立方” “Water Cube”) 北京市北部,奥林匹克公园内, 与“鸟巢”(Bird’s Nest)毗 邻而居 面积79,532m2;高31米;长177 米;宽177米 17,000

[写作要求] 1. 用5个句子表达以上表格中的相关 信息; 2. 将5个句子组织成连贯的短文; ; 3. 开头已给出,不包括在5个句子内。 Dear Bob, National Aquatics Center is one of the most advanced stadiums in the world. It is also known as “Water Cube”…

基础写作基本步骤
1.认真审题,明确要求。 1)写出的短文必须是5个句子,不能多也不能少; 2)短文必须包括全部信息内容,不能遗漏任何一点; 3)确定短文的主题和格式; 主题: 国家游泳中心的情况 书信 格式: 4)确定短文的人称和时态。 人称:第三人称 时态:一般现在时 2.划分信息块,列出写作要点,明确写作的先后次序。 3.确定可能用到的短语、主要句型。 4.扩展成句,连句成篇, 至少用上3种插入结构。


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