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M5 U3 Reading Language points


M5 U3 The Perfect Body
Language points
By Xue Chunlei

Step 1 Discuss the main idea of the reading passage. Step2 Retell (1) Review the important phrases
on the one hand…;on the other hand… point out toy with be on one’s way to doing sth. in general be praised for… with the intention of… be anxious to do sth. lead to show (no) respect for sb focus one’s efforts on succeed in doing sth benefit sb be delighted to do comment on be in complete agreement with sb on a personal note

(2) Retell the short passage using the above phrases.
Recently human cloning has caused much debate around the world. ________________, some scientists _____________ that it is useful for medical treatment; ___________________, ; many people disagree and are afraid that we may be ________________ producing a real-life Frankenstein’s monster if mankind ___________ nature in this way. However, some people believe that cloning human embryos ____________________ destroying them ____________________ human life. While it is illegal to clone human embryos in many countries. Some scientists are __________________ research in order to produce a cloned human baby.

Step3 Language points 1.
On the other hand, many people, including some scientists, disagree and are afraid that … on the other hand, …(P42,L2-5)

英译汉: 英译汉:
(1) On the one hand, the project can help protect our environment; On the other hand, it can also bring us great benefit. (2) On the one hand, I want to sell my house; on the other hand, I don’t want to leave my ’ friendly neighbors. (3) On the one hand, reading English novels can improve your English; On the other hand, it gives you a chance to know the English culture.

Practice:
1). 一方面,经济的快速增长将提高人们的生活水平;另一方面,它还将对环境造成巨大的 一方面,经济的快速增长将提高人们的生活水平;另一方面,它还将对环境造成巨大的 危害。 危害。 _________________, rapid development of economy will improve the living condition of people;_________________, it will also cause great damage to the environment. 2). 一方面,我们应该努力学习;另一方面,我们还应该积极参加各种活动。 方面, 方面 我们应该努力学习;另一方面,我们还应该积极参加各种活动。

2.

原句重现

(1) Severino Antinori, an Italian physician, has declared that he wants to be the first to clone a human being. (P42,L27-28) (2) The first mammal to be cloned successfully from an adult cell was Dolly the sheep. (P42,L9) (3) In China, scientists have focused their efforts on cloning animals, as well as cloned tissues to be used in medical treatment. (P42, L29-30) (4) Human life would just become a crop to be harvested or a product for sale. (P43,L35-36)

Translation
(1) She is always the last to come to school. (2) He wants to be the first to win the prize. (3) She wants to be the first to be praised. (4) Will you attend the Sports Meeting to be held next week?

完成句子: 完成句子:
(1) He is always late for school, but today he is _______________________(第一个到达的人 第一个到达的人). 第一个到达的人 (2) I hurried to catch the last bus ___________(来到 in a minute. 来到) 来到 (3) The first thing ___________________ (决定 is when to finish it. 决定) 决定 (4) Kate is the first student ________________________(通过驾驶考试 通过驾驶考试). 通过驾驶考试

3. While cloning human embryos is not legal in many countries, some scientists are already
pushing ahead with research in order to produce a cloned human baby. (P42 L25)

Translation
1. They arrived while we were having dinner. 2. Usually women stay at home, while men go out to work. 3. While (=Although) I understand your words, I can’t agree with you. ’ 4. While (=Although) they are my neighbors, I do not know them well.

Summary
(1) while 可表 当…的时候 或“与…同时(发生)”,while 从句中的动作应该是可持续 可表“当 的时候 的时候”或 与 同时 发生) , 同时( (2) while 表对比,意为 却,但是,然而 ,用于强调两种情况、活动之间的差别 表对比,意为“却 但是,然而”,用于强调两种情况、 (3) while 可用来表示 虽然,尽管 ,相当于 although. 可用来表示“虽然 尽管”, 虽然, 翻译 (1) 姚明在打篮球的时候伤着腿了。 姚明在打篮球的时候伤着腿了。

(2) 其他人都在认真听讲,而他在玩手机。 其他人都在认真听讲,而他在玩手机

Choose the best answer
1). It isn’t fair: ______ I was working, my friends were lying on the beach. A. whenever B. though C. for D. while 2). _______ the Internet is of great help, I don’t think it’s a good idea to spend too much ’ ’ time on it. A. If B. While C. Because D. As 3). _______ the old worker has limited knowledge, he has a lot of experience. A. Since B. Unless C. As D. While 4). I’d like to study law at university ______ my friends prefer language. A. though B. as C. while D. for

4. 原句重现
(1) If I had the chance, I would have a cloned baby right now. (P42, L24) (2) If I had the chance, I would clone her immediately so that I could be with her again. (P43, L50) (3) If I were the President of Italy, I would think about taking away his license. (P45)

Translation
(1) If I had another chance, I would work harder. (2) If I had money, I would go to Shangri-La. (3) If I were a bird, I would fly around the world. Can you male your own sentences ? If ____________,_____________________. (1)翻译:如果我有机会,我要去西藏。 翻译: 翻译 如果我有机会,我要去西藏。 (2)翻译:如果我有钱,我要为我父母买套新房子。 翻译:如果我有钱,我要为我父母买套新房子。 翻译

Step4 Consolidation 1. Fill in the blank using the following phrases
use up; push ahead with; on one’s way to doing; toy with; succeed in 1). If we _____________ nature at present, we will have to answer for it sooner or later. 2). Since you have begun your work, you must______________________________ it. 3). If we don’t save our natural resources, they will be __________________ sooner or later. 4).To my joy, my daughter is ________________ becoming a good singer. 5). The little girl ________________ passing the difficult exam, which delighted her very much.

Step 5 Writing
随着现代科学的发展(with the development of),许多动物已被克隆出来,一些科学家 随着现代科学的发展 ,许多动物已被克隆出来, 甚至成功(succeed in doing)克隆出人类胚胎。这引起全世界的许多争论。 克隆出人类胚胎。 甚至成功 克隆出人类胚胎 这引起全世界的许多争论。 一方面(on the one hand),一些人完全赞同 人类克隆。 一方面 ,一些人完全赞同(be in complete agreement with)人类克隆。 人类克隆 他们认为它能使人类受益,而且克隆器官(cloned tissues)可以拯救人类生命。然而,另一方 可以拯救人类生命。 他们认为它能使人类受益,而且克隆器官 可以拯救人类生命 然而, 一些人不赞同(disagree to do)克隆人类。他们认为如果我们戏弄 克隆人类。 面,一些人不赞同 克隆人类 他们认为如果我们戏弄(toy with)自然 ,我们 自然 就会不得不处理(deal with the consequences)其后果。 其后果。 就会不得不处理 其后果 就我个人而言(on a personal note),如果我有一个机会,我就会立刻要一个克隆孩子。 就我个人而言 ,如果我有一个机会,我就会立刻要一个克隆孩子。

Step 6 Homework
1. Review and remember the words and phrases learned in this class. 2. Write down your opinions about cloning human beings using the words or phrases we learned.


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