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Unit 4 Earthquakes 自测试题试卷
第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 1. —Peter was killed in the earthquake! —_____ I talked with him last week. A. What a pity! B. I beg your pardon. C. Sorry to hear that. D. Is that so? 2. We’ll not attend the meeting _____ we are invited. A. if B. and C. unless D. once 3. —They didn’t attend the conference. —They _____ a long trip abroad. A. prepared B. were preparing for C. were preparing D. are preparing for 4. Wash your hands with soap _____ the experiment. A. in the end of B. at the end of C. to the end of D. by the end of 5. His strength had almost _____ when they found him in the desert. A. given out B. given in C. given up D. given off 6. Many people came to the meeting, _____ of whom left early. A. number B. the numbers C. the number D. a number 7. I’ll spend my holiday in Shanghai, _____ lies on the coast. A. who B. which C. where D. that 8. On _____ the bad news, she cried with her face _____ in his hands. A. hear; bury B. hear; buried C. heard; burying D. hearing; buried 9. Not far from the club, there was a garden, _____ owner was seated in it playing cards with his children every afternoon. A. its B. whose C. which D. of which 10. It’s quite _____ to score a goal in FIFA World Cup. A. a prize B. a price C. an honour D. a value 11. I met the teacher in the street yesterday _____ taught me English three years ago. A. which B. when C. where D. who 12. The people there were greatly _____ to see every-thing changed over a night. A. pleased B. shocked C. interested D. moved 13. Tell us about the people and the places _____ are different from ours. A. that B. who C. which D. whom 14. _____ is no wonder the building is _____. A. It; in ruins B. That; in ruins C. This; in ruin D It; in ruin 15. —Do you mind if I open the window? —_____, but I’ve caught a bad cold today. A. No, not at all B. Yes, of course not C. Yes, please D. I’m sorry 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题; 每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) I have certainly seen lots of changes in my lifetime! I look around my home and see mod cons 现代化 ( 生活设备) that I could never have 16 of fifty or sixty years ago. I 17 the early part of childhood in a cottage without running water or electricity and yet these days, I feel 18 if there is a power cut for even just an hour or two! So, I have changed too. Things that I couldn’t even imagine in the past now seem quite 19 . I don’t think, however, that people are happier today than they were 50 years ago. We are certainly materially better off than we were 20 most people still seem to be weighed 21 by problems. My daughter and her family are a good 22 . They have a spacious, comfortable home with every labor-saving device you can 23 . There’s a washing machine, a clothes dryer, and all sorts of other


household items which are 24 to save time but it seems to me that my daughter and her husband just spend all that “saved” time 25 ! They 26 relax and are always complaining of being 27 and “stressed”. Children these days have all sorts of “educational toys” and yet they seem unable to 28 themselves. My daughter tries to 29 the time her children spend watching television but when they aren’t watching TV, they are sad. They play with new 30 for a day or two and then 31 them once they have gone off them. When we were children, we had almost nothing but we were so 32 . We had all sorts of fun and games in the nearby woods. But, of course, children can’t play 33 outdoors any longer. There is so much crime and parents are afraid to let their children go out alone 34 they are injured, kidnapped, raped or even murdered. These crimes may not be directly 35 with modern inventions but there must be some connection. 16. A. seen B. dreamed C. spoken D. touched 17. A. took B. cost C. spent D. afforded 18. A. uneasy B. unlucky C. disappointed D. happy 19. A. impressive B. impossible C. normal D. public 20. A. so B. while C. and D. but 21. A. down B. at C. off D. up 22. A. show B. type C. explanation D. example 23. A. think of B. think over C. think on D. think through 24. A. built B. arranged C. designed D. formed 25. A. playing B. working C. relaxing D. singing 26. A. sometimes B. never C. often D. regularly 27. A. patient B. tired C. special D. worried 28. A. learn B. know C. enjoy D. teach 29. A. offer B. limit C. waste D. stop 30. A. programs B. games C. cars D. toys 31. A. give off B. leave off C. get rid of D. get off 32. A. inventive B. active C. clever D. excited 33. A. easily B. dangerously C. conveniently D. safely 34. A. in case B. so that C. least D. even though 35. A. connected B. dealt C. done D. made 第三节: 阅读理解 (共 15 小题; 每小题 2 分, 满分 30 分) A Pablo Ruiz Picasso was the favourite child of his family. He was the only boy among a great many girl cousins. That was enough to make him important, but the father loved him especially, because he knew his son was going to be an artist. Pablo knew the word for pencil even before he could see Mamma and Papa. When he was small, he spent hours by himself making delightful little drawings of animals and people. If his mother sent him out to play in the square, he went on drawing in the dust under the trees. Don Jose Ruiz, Pablo’s father, was director of the museum in southern Spain. He earned only a small salary, but there was not much work to do and he was able to practice his hobby, which was painting pigeons. Don loved pigeons very much. He painted them dead or alive in ones and twos and in dozens. Sometimes he painted them on paper, cut them out and stuck them onto canvas (画布); sometimes he stuck real feathers onto his pictures. He knew a great deal about the technique of painting and he taught it all to Pablo. Life in Malaga was very pleasant. In the hot sunshine father and son would walk down to the beach to look at the boats on the shore or wander around the open markets. They made a strange pair. Don was tall and thin, with red hair and beard, sad gray eyes and a fine set of whiskers (腮须). He was so shy and correct that he was nicknamed “the Englishman”. Pablo was quite the opposite. He had his mother’s small, strong build (体格); he had straight black hair, and bright black eyes that noticed everything that was


going on around him. 36. Picasso’s father loved him especially, because . A. he was the only boy in the family B. he was going to be an important person to his family C. he showed the gift of an artist in his early childhood D. he looked like his mother 37. Pablo’s father painted a lot because . A. he didn’t have enough money B. he had plenty of time C. he liked the pigeons, especially the dead ones D. he looked after the museum 38. Don Jose Ruiz and Pablo were a strange pair because . A. they liked to wander about the town B. they noticed everything that was going on around them C. one was tall and thin, the other was small and strong D. they looked so different from each other 39. The best title of the passage might be . A. Pablo Picasso: the great artist B. The Boyhood of Pablo Picasso C. Father of A Great Artist D. Father’s Influence (影响) on His Son B Benjamin Franklin was truly what we call a “jack of all trades”. Although best known for his experiments with electricity, Franklin was a scientist, a politician, and almost everything in between. Franklin was born in Boston in 1706, the tenth and youngest of his father’s sons. When he was 12, Franklin worked as an apprentice. He worked in his older brother James’ printing shop. He secretly started publishing his writing under the false name of Silence Dogood. James wasn’t pleased when he found out the writer was Ben. Ben stopped his job and set out for Philadelphia. In 1732, Franklin began publishing Poor Richard’s Almanack, where most of his sayings can be found. Many of these , such as “A penny saved is a penny earned”, remain popular today. Franklin is known as a Founding Father. This means that he was part of the group of men who founded their nation. He was a member of the Continental Congress and also the oldest person to sign both the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. Electricity and weather were especially interesting to Franklin. He proved that lightning is electricity by catching sparks from a cloud while flying a kite in a storm. As Ben says, “If you would not be forgotten when you are dead and rotten, either write things worth reading or do things worth writing about. ” His theory seems to work, because Ben followed both pieces of his own advice, and we still remember him centuries later! 40. Though Franklin did many kinds of work, he . A. is mostly remembered for his experiments with electricity B. is better known as a Founding Father C. is best known as the oldest man who signed the Declaration D. is remembered mostly as the author of Poor Richard’s Almanack 41. The underlined word in the second paragraph probably means someone . A. who owns a printing shop B. who learns a trade by working with a skilled person C. who is skilled at his work D. who does business with a printing shop 42. From the last paragraph we can see that ______. A. Franklin not only wrote things worth reading but also did things worth writing about B. Franklin listened to others’ advice and was remembered by the Americans C. Franklin wrote things worth reading rather than did things worth writing about D. many people followed his advice and succeeded at last C A star usually is someone who has become famous in sports, film, or pop music, someone like singer


Michael Jackson. In the middle nineteen eighties, Michael Jackson successfully made a famous record, which quickly became the most popular recording in the history of music. This made Michael Jackson a bright star. One of the famous sports bright stars in the United States is Mohammed Ali. When he was a young man, he won a gold medal in the Olympic Games as a boxer. Then, he won first place in the world heavy weight boxing match. Before long, he was known as one of the greatest and most famous boxers in sports history. Everyone knows his name. Like the stars in the sky, a bright star will lose his brightness as time passes. He is loved by millions of people today, but will be forgotten tomorrow. 43. What does this passage mainly talk about? A. Michael Jackson B. Mohammed Ali C. pop music and boxing D. bright stars 44. Michael Jackson is famous for . A. his songs B. his film C. his sports D. his heavy weight 45. What does “boxer” in the passage mean in Chinese? A. 盒子 B. 装箱者 C. 拳击手 D. 制作人 46. What will happen to the bright stars at last according to the passage A. They will be remembered by millions of people. B. They will be loved by people for ever. C. They will be the most important people in history.D. They will lose their brightness and be little known. D “Someday, there’ll be no Americans left in the NBA,” said 12-year-old Xing Tao, who joined his school team two weeks ago after watching Yao Ming in a televised NBA game. “The players will all be Chinese, like Yao.” To China, Yao is a home-grown superstar who helped make the world’s first basketball league closer to Chinese players. To the NBA, the 2.23-meter center offers an opening of a different sort into the world’s largest new market. Yao’s NBA first appearance against the Indiana Pacers in October reached 287 million families in the US. That game might have been a bit of a letdown to Yao’s fans: He played just 11 of the 48 minutes, had two rebounds (抢篮板球) and got no points. Comparing that with his performance on December 19, also against Indiana, Yao won 29 points and 10 rebounds. “This is one of the most exciting games I’ve had,” Yao said after Houston’s 95-83 victory. The NBA has to be excited about his on-count success. In all his games, he’s averaging 12.7 points and 7.7 rebounds, quite good for a new star. “Yao Ming has brought the NBA closer to the Chinese,” said NBA spokeswoman Cheong Sau Ching, “That makes the dream seem practical for other people in China and proud to be Chinese.” Yao is not the country’s first player in the NBA, but Yao’s combination of modesty and skills makes him a favorite back home. 47. What’s the direct reason for Xing Tao to join the school basketball team? A. He watched an NBA game. B. He liked basketball. C. He hoped to play for NBA. D. He had a dream that he would become a basketball star. 48. How many points did Yao Ming win in his first game in NBA? A. 0. B. 2. C. 29. D. 10. 49. What does the underlined word “letdown” in the second paragraph mean? A. failure B. surprise C. disappointment D. sadness 50. What’s the main idea of this passage? A. Middle school students want to play basketball. B. Yao Ming makes NBA closer to China. C. There’ll be no Americans left in the NBA. D. There are many new stars from China in the NBA. 第四节 阅读表达题(共 5 小题;每小题 3 分;满分 15 分) When Michael Mandiberg visited Dafen Oil Painting Village one Friday morning, he was attracted by so many original works. Disoriented and confused, he wondered if the Painting Village was really the vil?


鄄 lage described in a New York Times report, which drew him from New York to the village earlier this month. “The New York Times said Dafen was a village, but what I saw is a modern city, with lots of shops, buildings, and factories,” Mandiberg told the Shen?鄄 zhen Daily after spending a week there. An assistant professor with the Department of Media Culture of the City University of New York, Mandiberg became interested in Dafen after reading a New York Times report entitled “Own Original Chinese Copies of Real Western Art” published July 15, 2005. He came to Dafen to shoot a 10-minute documentary for student research and screening in galleries. Mandiberg spent a whole week talking to painters, and visiting shops, museums and factories. It was a brand-new experience for him, as he had never seen such mass-production of art. _______________. In one of the factories, the process of producing a painting is broken down into five stages, with skillful painters in charge of the first and final stages. In the other factory, the painting is produced in a 20-part process. “Dafen is a good place for painters to make a living. In New York, most artists have to do other jobs, like teaching or working in galleries, to support them?鄄 selves,” said Mandiberg. However, Mandiberg is not optimistic about the future of original works from the village. “Some museums in Dafen sell originals at prices as high as $3,000, but foreigners will not buy them. When people buy a painting, they want identification with artists. People don’t spend over $500 on an object which they are not familiar with,” he said. 51. What is the best title of the passage? (Please answer within 10 words.) _________________________________________ 52. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? He was awe-struck by the quantity of paintings in the village. _________________________________________ 53. Please fill in the blank in the fifth paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 10 words.) _________________________________________ 54. According to the whole passage, what were Mandiberg’s impression of Dafen? (Please answer within 40 words.) _________________________________________ 55. Translate the underlined sentence in the first paragraph into Chinese. _________________________________________ 第五节 书面表达 (满分 30 分) 今年 5 月 27 日在印尼地区发生了破坏严重的地震, 5000 人丧生, 200,000 人无家可归, 这 约 次地震给印尼人民造成巨大的损失,他们急需各类援助。假设你是你校校报的编辑, 请用英语写 一份向印尼地震灾区灾民募捐的倡议书。开头已给出。 要求:词数 100 左右。 生词提示:Indonesia—印尼 donate—捐献 donation—捐赠品 My dear schoolmates,

答案: 第一节:1-5CCBBA 6-10DBDBC 11-15DBAAA 第二节:16-20BCACD 21-25ADACB 26-30BBCBD 31-35CADAA 第三节:36-40CBDBA 41-45BADAC 46-50DAACB 第四节:51. A Foreigner Visited Dafen Oil Painting Village. 52. He was attracted by so many original works. 53. He was especially interested in the two factories he visited. /He was strongly impressed by the two


factories. 54. It’s a modern city and a good place for painters to make a living. There are many mass-production of art. But he isn’t optimistic about the future of original works from the village. 55.. 在疑惑和困惑中,他想弄清楚这个所谓的“油画村”是否真的如《纽约时报》里的一篇报道描述 的那样。这驱使他在本月早些时候从纽约不远万里来到了这个小村庄。 第五节:One possible version My dear schoolmates, Two years ago, a strong earthquake that called a tsunami struct Indonesia. Now the Indonesians are suffering another disaster. The quake came unexpectedly on May 27th; 2006. It is said that tens of thousands of houses were destroyed, more than 5000 people died and nearly 200,000 people were left homeless in the disaster. The injured continued to arrive at already overcrowded hospitals. So the survivors are in great need of water, tents, food, medicine and so on. My fellow friends, please donate your love and give out your hands, and we believe many lives in Indonesia will be saved and they will suffer less due to our help. To make the donation or for more information about Indonesia earthquake, check our website at http://www. xxxhighschool.com or you can contact the Student Union by the number 010---xxxxxxxx.

Unit 4 Earthquakes 课文要点(模块) 1 课文词汇等填空(旨在复习本课文中的单词拼写和主要词语等) 根据课文内容完成下面语法填空,注意单词拼写和词语用法: Before Tangshan earthquake, strange things happened. A 1 (有味道的) gas came out from the cracks of wells and animals became 2 (nerve). At 3:00 a.m., everything began to shake. It seemed that the world was at 3 end. In fifteen seconds, a large city lay in 4 (废墟), and the number of people 5 (受伤的) or killed reached more than 400,000. Water, food and 6 (electric) were cut off and the railway tracks were 7 (use) pieces of steel. But all hope was not lost. The rescue team 8 (organize) by the army came to help those 9 (幸存者) and slowly the city began to 10 (呼吸) again. 答案:1. smelly 2. nervous 3. an 4. ruins 5. injured 6. electricity 7. useless 8. organized 9. survivors 10. breathe 2 课文大意概括 (旨在训练用 30 个单词概括大意的能力) 阅读课文,试着用 30 个单词概括课文大意或翻译下面的短文,再比较答案 这篇文章描述了地震前的征兆和地震的过程和唐山地震造成的后果。它显示出地震后的骇人 的情景和告诉我们怎样才能把地震的危害降到最低。 The article describes _________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________


__________ 答案:The article describes both the signs before an earthquake and the course and the result of Tangshan earthquake in 1976. It shows us the terrible image of earthquakes and tells us what we should do to minimize the damage by an earthquake. 3 课文佳句背诵与仿写 (旨在培养对难句的理解和写作能力) 1.【原句】But the one million people of the city, who thought little of these events, were asleep as usual that night. 但是,唐山市的一百万居民几乎都没有把这些情况当一回事,当天晚上照常睡着了。 [模仿要点] 句子结构:由 which 引导的非限制性定语从句 【模仿 1】李宇春现象超越了她的声音,即使最狂热歌迷们也承认她的声音是非常弱的。 _____________________________________________________________________________________ ___________ 答案:The Li Yuchun phenomenon, however, goes far beyond her voice, which even the most ardent fans admit is pretty weak 【模仿 2】据报道,心脏病和癌症成了中年人的头号杀手,这给我们敲响了警钟。 _____________________________________________________________________________________ ___________ 答案:It is reported that heart disease and cancer are now the top killers of middle-aged people in China, which give us a warming. 2. 【原句】 was a city whose hospitals, 75% of its factories and buildings and 90% of its homes were gone. It 所有的师内医院,75%的工厂和建筑物,90%的家园都消失了。 [模仿要点] 句子结构:数字+of which/whom 引导的非限制性定语从句 【模仿 1】 从七月上旬开始, 20 天的干旱和高温 袭击了重庆的人们, 其中 50% 的人们处于严重缺水 状态。 _____________________________________________________________________________________ ___________答案:More than 20 days of drought and high temperatures since early July have hit the population of Chongqin, 50% of whom are in a state of a severe lack of water. 【模仿 2】参加奥运会吉祥物竞选的参与者有 662 人,其中 611 人来自中国大陆,12 人来自香港, 澳门和台湾,39 人来自国外。 _____________________________________________________________________________________ ___________ 答案: There were 662 people who competed in the selection of Olympic mascots, of whom 611 were from the Chinese mainland, 12 from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, and 39 from abroad.




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