I 语言知识及应用 一、完形填空 When I met the dog, he was sitting in a cage as I entered a local animal shelter near the running path where I used to run in downtown Austin, Texa
s. I had no intention to ___1 __ a dog. I only stopped for a drink of cold water. I often traveled on foot, which I thought made me have ___2 __ time for a pet. But out of ___3 __, I took a look at the dog’s file. He had been abandoned by an old woman. Her reason: “Dusty keeps following me around my house.” The next day I went shopping and ___4 __ his cage. When I got there, he was sleeping, but he woke quickly and with one blue eye and one brown eye he looked at me. Then I thought maybe he would be a good ___5 __ partner. “Stay here,” I said. “I’m getting you ___6 __.” Outside the cage he looked very like a wolf and seemed ___7 __, so I started calling him Danger. Since then, I was always accompanied by Danger on my running route. That winter my girlfriend and I were always fighting. It’s a pity that my girlfriend and I ___8 __ a year later. As a result, I intended to drink and punch(用拳猛击) the walls. The dog didn’t ___9 __. He wanted to go outside and play, and we did, and if we hadn’t I would have drunk myself into the ground. Danger licked(舔) my face ___10 __ I cried, and we sat close to each other while watching television. Once there was a banging ___11 __ our door at two o’clock in the morning, a man screaming for Carlos. I told him he had the ___12 __ place by mistake and if he didn’t leave I was calling a policeman. The ran away and Danger was nowhere to be found. I ___13 __ found him scared behind my old sofa, ___14 __. It reminded me that it was time for us, at least for my dog, to get a quiet ___15 __ in a better neighborhood. 1. A. train B. adopt C. walk D. buy 2. A. much B. some C. little D. few 3. A. curiosity B. envy C. kindness D. duty 4. A. dropped by B. came across C. focused on D. took away 5. A. gaming B. dancing C. trading D. running 6. A. through B. back C. out D. away 7. A. ashamed B. astonished C. fearless D. upset 8. A. got together B. broke up C. calmed down D. turned up 9. A. reserve B. lose C. care D. trouble 10. A. since B. until C. unless D. as 11. A. inside B. on C. through D. from 12. A. perfect B. private C. wrong D. exact 13. A. normally B. easily C. familiarly D. finally 14. A. sleeping B. barking C. trembling D. cheering 15. A. home B. cage C. path D. shop 二、语法填空 Some people believe the cost of living in Hawaii is very high. And when we talk about the cost of living we mean the cost of 16 (house), food, transportation and so on. In comparison to some other cities and other countries, 17 is relatively high. 18 most
travelers think Hawaii is really a good tourist destination. In Hawaii, we have tropical climate all year around. We 19 (surround) by the Pacific Ocean, and we have the 20 (beautiful) of our mountains, the cleanness, our fresh air and of course our friendly people, 21 belong to the characteristics of the Pacific and Asian region. We do have many economical accommodations 22 travelers. I would recommend you the website www. hawaii. com and it would offer 23 good list of all the hotels, special packages that we have offered and are offering. From the website travelers can look through 24 we’ve offered, such as real-time photos and films on the very activities and locations of the hotels. On the neighbor islands, we also have some accommodations you’ll find very cheap, which are 25 (list) on the same website. II 阅读 一、阅读理解 A One day last month, I stepped into my old high school. George warned me during the previous month that he wanted to get a few of the old high school classmates together for one evening. I didn’t take it too seriously until early in March when he sent me a message asking if I was going that month. So far the first time in years, I drove there that Saturday morning, parked in the lot, walked up the stairs and into a place that I had promised I’d never step foot into years before. It was kind of interesting being there. The place looked exactly the same, same paint on the walls, same type of tables and chairs. They could have been doing a Parents’ Day Breakfast like back in the day when I was a student. However, the Easter Bunny(复活节小兔子), the granddaughter of one of the organizers, and the little kids having their photographs taken, made me stay in the present. The school is much smaller now, less than 400 attend and it’s no longer the high school sports powerhouse that it was in the 1980’s. Yet, as I went downstairs and walked onto the gym floor, I did see all the banners again, and some boys playing basketball under a circle. It was much later in the day and I was excited to meet so many classmates from high school. The conversation moved on from one topic to another. Toward the end, we started talking about our teachers’ numerous health problems, and how the physics teacher died. Sometimes it’s good to look back, or step back into a place you spent every weekday at, to see how far you’ve come. I don’t regret spending time with some of my old classmates. It was a good thing and an opportunity and I’m glad I didn’t miss. 26. When did the writer first know that they would get together in the old high school? A. In February B. In March C. In April D. In May 27. What is mentioned in the passage? A. The writer hadn’t stepped back into the school for years. B. Hearing George’s warning, the writer got very excited. C. The writer talked with his classmates deep into the night. D. The writer greeted his physics teacher with his classmates. 28. In Paragraph 3, what made the writer stay in the present? A. The same type of tables and chairs. B. The same paint and photographs on the walls. C. The activities of the kids or students.
D. The banners and a Parents’ Day Breakfast. 29. Which of the following is the right order of the writing? a. visited the classroom b. saw students playing basketball c. walked downstairs d. drove to the school e. walked upstairs A. a-b-c-d-e B. b-c-d-e-a C. c-b-a-d-e D. d-e-a-c-b 30. What is the writer’s attitude toward revisiting his old high school? A. Indifferent. B. Regrettable. C. Worthwhile. D. Unworthy. B Your baby is the most valuable thing in your life. You want to give him or her the best. However, if you and your partner both have to return to work shortly after your baby was born, it can be difficult to decide where your baby should go during those hours of the day. If you ask the right questions, you may find the decision is easier than you expected. Daycare might be the best and most-used choice for working parents. Daycares are often great places for kids because they are surrounded by others children of their own age, and the people who work at daycares have to be experienced in early childhood development. This means your child is really being taught by a trained teacher in her field. They know what your child needs during the time he or she is there. Also, it is often less expensive to put your child in a daycare because there are several children in the room. One-to-one time is almost always the most expensive choice. However, this means that the teacher’s attention may be divided between several children so, instead of being able to giving your child her entire attention, she will have to share her time between many children. This can be a major drawback when thinking about where your child should go during the day. If you have a family member who isn’t working and is willing to watch your child, this can by the most inexpensive choice for you to consider. Oftentimes, grandparents who are staying home are willing to take on the child so you can go to work. This is a great choice for working parents who are looking to save money. Your relatives love your child almost as much as you do, so you can trust that your baby is being taken care of. Also, the baby’s grandparents have already raised children successfully, therefore, they know about what children need. However, you’ve surely heard stories of grandparents spoiling children. 31. The passage tells us about baby care . A. at home B. at school C. while the parents are at work D. while the baby is crying aloud 32. What is the advantage of daycare? A. There are many older children there. B. There are experienced teachers there. C. It is often free of charge. D. It is easier than expected. 33. The underlined word “They”(in Paragraph 2) refers to “ ”. A. fields B. teachers C. children D. choices 34. What’s the most expensive choice for baby care in the passage? A. Daycare. B. Family care. C. Regular care. D. One-to-one care. 35. The major disadvantage of family care is that . A. grandparents can spoil children B. some relatives are not trustworthy C. grandparents are not good at it D. some relatives won’t do housework
C One summer night in 1900, a reporter appeared at the door of Thomas Edison’s laboratory asking for an interview. The night watchman wouldn’t admit him, even though Edison was still at work upstairs. The reporter, Remsen Crawford, said he needed to get Edison’s reaction to the news that seven of his inventions “would become available to the public” when their patents(专利) ran out at midnight. The watchman conveyed the request on to Edison, who replied, “Go back. Tell that fellow that I say Mr. Edison has never used his inventions alone and never expects to in this world. So the ending of a patent has no effect upon the wealth of an inventor.” Hearing Edison’s response, Crawford wrote another note: What do you mean by‘never used alone’? Must see you.” Eventually the great inventor admitted Crawford and gave him this statement: “In this country an inventor can’t stop people copying his inventions. The moment he invents something, there’ll be pirates(盗版) rising up on all sides and calling it their own.” Thirty years later, Crawford was back at Edison’s laboratory, again asking about patents and the money he got from them. Crawford asked him, “You have invented many things, including electric lighting. Why aren’t you the richest man in the world today?” Edison’s reply: “Nearly $10,000,000,000, they tell me, is invested in modern industries which developed from ideas included in my inventions and my patents. A billion dollars or so may be the annual total income to workers in fields connected with my inventions and patents. But I have made very little profit from my inventions. In my lifetime I have taken out 1,180 patents up to date. These patents have cost me more than they have returned me. I have made money through the introduction and sale of my products as a maker, not as a inventor.” Edison was one of the few fortunate inventors who knew that great engineering, on its own, never earned anything. The success of any technology is due to its business model and protection of its copyright. Unfortunately, Edison said, the US had a “miserable system” for protecting inventions. 36. From the first paragraph Crawford visited Edison to . A. inform him of the news B. see how hard Edison worked C. know what Edison was inventing D. find out Edison’s response to the news 37. What was Edison’s attitude toward the ending of his patents? A. Doubtful. B. Annoyed. C. Indifferent. D. Worried. 38. According to the passage, Edison made money by . A. holding his parents B. selling his products C. making inventions D. providing his ideas 39. It is implied in the passage that in Edison’s time . A. America had no patent protection laws B. his inventions were not highly valued C. patents benefited inventors little D. applying for patents was easy 40. Which would be the best title for the passage? A. Edison and his patents B. Edison, the greatest inventor C. The patent system in America D. Edison’s way of making money D The largest shark known to us, Megalodon, is extinct. Or is it? Carcharodon Megalodon, commonly known as Megalodon, is believed to have lived between 1 million and 5 million years ago and thought to have been 52 feet long. It is (or was) a shark that had a jaw 7 or more feet wide.
Fairly recently, there has been some guesswork about whether it is extinct or just out of reach. But few people believe that Megalodon has found a home deep in the ocean. There are many known “Living Fossils”: Coelacanth, Sea Cucumbers(海参), Sea Urchins(海 胆), Lobsters(龙虾), Sea Stars. The common ones like lobsters and sea urchins are not really looked on as anything amazing. They’ve been around for thousands of years or more, and are easily accessible to us. What if they weren’t accessible and yet still existed? We would label them extinct. The discovery of a live Coelacanth, a fish long believed extinct, challenged some scientists’ long-held beliefs on extinction. There have been recent discoveries of unbelievably large squid(乌贼), and deep-sea fish never before seen by scientists. In the 1960s the US Navy set up underwater microphones around the world to track Soviet submarines. The network, known as the Sound Surveillance(监视) System, still lies deep below the ocean’s surface in a layer of water known as the “deep sound channel”. The temperature and pressure of the channel allow sound waves to travel undisturbed. NOAA’s Acoustic Monitoring Project has been using the Sound Surveillance System to listen for changes in ocean structure like ocean currents or volcanic activity. Most of the sounds recorded are common and of no concern. One sound, identified in 1977 by US Navy “spy” sensors, was strange. It was obviously a sea animal but the call was more powerful than any of the calls made by any other reported sea creature. It was too big for a whale. Could it be a deep-sea monster? One possibility was a giant squid, but no one is sure. It was named “Bloop”. Could it be Megalodon? If Megalodon is still alive down in the bottom of the ocean, we may some day soon discover it. Then what? Deep sea diving will never be the same, that’s for sure! 41. The following is commonly known EXCEPT . A. Megalodon, the largest shark, is extinct B. Megalodon is not extinct but just out of reach C. Megalodon was 52 feet long and had a jaw 7 or more feet wide D. Megalodon lived several million years ago 42. What makes scientists doubt about the belief that Megalodon is extinct? A. The discovery of many “Living Fossils”. B. The discovery of the fossils of lobsters. C. The discovery of a live Coelacanth. D. The discovery of the fossils of sea urchins. 43. What was the intended purpose of underwater microphones? A. To listen for changes in ocean structure. B. To listen for changes of ocean currents or volcanic activity. C. To make sure whether there was a giant squid deep in the ocean. D. To follow the track of the Soviet warship under water. 44. What was special in their recorded sounds? A. A strange, powerful animal sound was heard. B. A big whale’s sound was heard. C. A sea monster’s sound was heard. D. A giant squid’s sound was heard. 45. What can be concluded from the passage? A. Scientists’ discoveries always change people’s beliefs. B. There are too many secrets to be discovered. C. Megalodon may be still alive deep in the ocean. D. The “deep sound channel” prevents sound waves from traveling far. 二、信息匹配 阅读下列应用文及相关信息，并按照要求匹配信息。 首先请阅读下列世界著名女科学家的科研成就的提示性文字及图片：
A. Annie Easley (April 23, 1933 — June 25, 2011): She is an African-American mathematician and computer scientist who worked for the National Space Administration’s Lewis Research Center. She was a part of the team that developed the software for the Centaur rocket stage. B. Gertrude B. Elion (January 23,,1918—February 21, 1999): She is a famous American biochemist who received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. She is attributed with the discovery of many drugs, the most significant one being the AIDS drug, AZT. C. Rita Levi-Montalcini (April 22, 1909—): She is an Italian neurologist(神经病学家) who received the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their discovery of nerve growth factor(NGF). Today, she is the oldest living Nobel Prize winner and the first ever to reach a 100th birthday. D. Jocelyn Bell Burnell (July 15,1943—): She is a British astrophysicist(天体物理学家). As a postgraduate student, she discovered the first radio pulsars(射电脉冲星) with her advisor, for which they shared the Nobel Prize in Physics. E. Linda B. Buck (January 29, 1947—): She is an American biologist who has made a great contribution to the research on olfactory(嗅觉的) system. In 2004, she won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, along with Richard Axel. F. Dian Fossey (January 16, 1932—December 27, 1985): She was an American zoologist who completed an extensive study of eight gorilla(大猩猩) groups by closely observing their lives in the mountain forests of Rwanda. Her work was similar to Jane Goodall’s research on chimpanzees. 以下是这些女科学家科研成就的简介。 请将相关简介与世界著名女科学家的成就提示性 文字及图片匹配起来。 46. During World War II, she conducted experiments from a home laboratory, studying the growth of nerve fibers in chicken embryos(胚胎). In September 1946, she accepted an invitation to Washington University in St. Louis. Although the initial invitation was for one semester, she stayed for thirty years. It was there that she did her most important work: separating the nerve growth factor from observations of certain cancerous tissues that cause extremely rapid growth of nerve cells in 1952. 47. She was part of a group of three remarkable researchers to study great apes(猿) in their natural environments. When her photograph appeared on the cover of National Geographic Magazine in January 1970, she became very popular, bringing massive publicity(宣传) to her cause of saving the mountain gorilla from extinction, as well as convincing the general public that gorillas are not as fierce as they are sometimes shown in movies and books. She made a lot of discoveries about gorillas in her life. 48. Her 34-year career included developing computer code that analyzed alternative power technologies, supported Centaur, determined solar, wind and energy projects. Her energy assignments included studies to determine the life use of storage batteries. Her computer applications have been used to identify energy conversion( 转 换 ) systems that offer the improvement over commercially available technologies. Her work contributed to the 1997 flight to Saturn, which was launched by the Centaur. 49. In 1969 she completed her Ph. D. from Cambridge University, where she worked with her advisor Antony Hewish and others to construct a rapid telescope to study quasars(类星体). Using the radio telescope, she found strange radio pulses coming from a single point in the sky. After a
period of confusion about what was causing the pulses, she and her colleagues confirmed that pulsars, as the sources of pulses came to be known, are rayed by rapidly spinning(旋转) neutron stars. 50. She graduated from Hunter College in 1937 and New York University in 1941. Later, she worked as an assistant at a big drug company. Working with George H. Hitchings, she used the differences in biochemistry between normal human cells and pathogens(病原体) to design drugs that could kill or stop the reproduction of particular pathogens without harming the host cells. She developed a great number of new drugs, including a powerful drug against a deadly disease, for which she received the Nobel Prize in Medicine, together with two other scientists. III 写作 第一节 基础写作 你的美国朋友 Bruce 要来广州旅游， 请你根据提示， 用英语写一篇介绍流溪河国家森林 公园的短文。 写作内容： 1、流溪河国家森林公园位于广东省从化市东北部，距广州 93 公里，交通便利； 2、这里地貌奇特，数百座山峰起伏连绵； 3、公园四季常青； 4、自开放以来，已经吸引了许多海内外游客，的确是旅游观光、度假、科研的好去处。 奇特的地貌：grotesque landforms；科研：sci-tech research 写作要求：只能使用 5 个句子表达全部内容。 评分标准：句子结构准确，信息内容完整，篇章连贯。 _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ 第二节 读写任务 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 On the last Gold Week of this year, a sad incident happened in Line 4, Guangzhou Subway. Mr. Wu, a young man of 28 years old, fought with a 67-year-old man who had intended to jump the queue but was stopped by the young man while waiting at the station of Chebeinan. After getting on the subway, the old man was just sitting opposite to Mr. Wu, who was close to the window. The old man wanted to sit there. So he stood up, came to Mr. Wu, showing his Senior Citizen Card, and said, “You ought to offer your seat to me.” But Mr. Wu refused. The old man said, “Do you believe I’ll beat you? Is it not until I beat you that you’ll give your seat to me?” Then a quarrel occurred. Respecting elders is one of the traditional virtues of the Chinese nation. It is important to respect elders, and should we respect the elderly in any situation? 写作内容： 1、 以约 30 个词概括上文的主要内容。
2、 以约 120 个词就尊敬老人的话题谈谈你的想法，内容包括： （1）倘若你是 Mr. Wu，你会怎么做； （2）谈谈尊敬老人的重要性； （3）你认为是否在任何情况下，都应该尊敬老人。 写作要求： 1、作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不得直接 引用原文中的句子。 2、作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 评分标准：概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，语篇连贯。
2013 年广东省名校最新高考模拟卷（一） 参考答案
I 语言知识及应用 一、完形填空 1—15 BCAAD CCBCD BCDCA 二、语法填空 16. housing 17. it 18. But 19. are surrounding 20. beauty 21. which 22. for 23. a 24. what 25. listed II 阅读 一、阅读理解 26—45 AACDC CBBDA DCBCA BCDAC 二、信息匹配 46—50 CFADB III 写作 第一节 基础写作 ①Located in the northeast of Conghua City, Guangdong Province, the Liuxi River State Forest Park, is 93 kilometres away from Guangzhou with a convenient transportation. ②It has grotesque landforms with hundreds of peaks like waves. ③What’s more, the park is green all year round. ④Since its opening, the forest park has attracted a great number of tourists from home and abroad with its splendid sights. ⑤It is really a good place for tours, holiday spending, and sci-tech researches. 第二节 读写任务 The passage talks about the quarrel between a young man and an old man happening in Line 4, Guangzhou Subway when the young man refused to offer a seat to the old one for his rudeness/impoliteness. If I were Mr. Wu, I would tell the old man, “Now I can offer you the seat, not because you are reasonable, but because you are old.” In fact, everyone has to become old. At that time, we also need to be taken good care of because life will become very hard for us in many aspects. Only if our world is filled with respect and love for the old will we truly live in a harmonious and happy society. Therefore, it is very important to respect the old. However, it doesn’t mean that one must respect the old in every situation. For example, some old people lose touch with reality(脱离实际) and can’t tell right from wrong(明辨是非). Should they be respected? It is generally true that the young should respect the old, but old people should not force others to respect them under any excuse, especially when they are wrong. In a word, one should have a respectful attitude toward the old but not in any situation.
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