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Module 4 A Social Survey --- My Neighbourhood
Section 1 Reading and Vocabulary 一、学习目标 1、Through the study of the passage, have a good understanding of the text and remember some words and phrases . 2、At the end of the class, learn how to understand a whole text . 3、Through the study of several sentences,learn how to analyse sentence structure . 二、使用要求 1、理解课文,借助工具书独立完成导学案。 2、在教师规定的时间内,相互交流答案,然后积极展示你的成果。 3、书写要认真规范。 4、教师讲解时,务必用红色笔修正答案。 三、学习过程

B. Xiamen is an attractive and lively city. C. Xiao Li feels fortunate living in the city. 2、What can you infer(推断) from the dialogue? A. Xiao Li lives on the island of Gulangyu. B. They are probably on the returning way from the airport. C. They are probably traveling on a train. 3. John and Xiao Li are . A. at Xiao Li’s home, having a chat B. driving around the city in a car C. in a helicopter over Xiamen, sightseeing D. taking a walk, touring around the city 4. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. The weather in Xiao Li’s hometown can be rather cold in winter. B. The visitors in Xiao Li’s hometown never bother his life. C. There are too many visitors in the place where Xiao Li lives. D. There are so many apartment blocks that the rent for an apartment is low. 5. From the passage we know that . A. Martin has never been to Xiao Li’s hometown before. B. Martin has never been to China before, traveling a lot around the world. C. the inhabitants in Xiao Li’s hometown seem to be curious about Martin. D. living by the seaside may cause some trouble to the elderly citizens. 6. The meaning of the sentence in the passage “It’s been six years since we last saw each other. ”is . A. They have seen each other for 6 years B. They haven’t seen each other for 6 years C. They knew each other 6 years before D. They didn’t know each other 6 years before 7. In the sentence “Pretty hot and wet in the summer”, what does the word “pretty” mean? A. a little B. fairly C. very D. beautifully 8. What does the sentence “I’m starving” mean? A. I am very thirsty. B. I am very tired. C. I am dying. D. I am very hungry. 9. Which is wrong according to the passage? A. John and Xiao Li haven’t seen each other for 6 years. B. There are very few tourists in the northwest of Xiamen. C. There are some interesting buildings on Gulangyu Island. D. Xiao Li enjoys living on the coast. 10. The author mainly tells us .

Reading and Vocabulary Step 1.Pre-reading (一)单词检测 1、调查(n)______________ 2、四邻;街坊(n)________________ 3、地方的;局部的(adj)________ 4、城郊;郊区(n)___________ 5、家乡(n)______________ 6、有吸引力的;吸引人的(adj)___________ 7、幸运的;吉祥的(adj)____________ 8、很;相当(adv)______________ 9、听起来(vi)______________ 10、旅游者;观光客(n)_______________ 11、打扰;烦扰;麻烦(vt)_________ 12、令人讨厌的人或事(n)________ 13、租金(n)__________ 14、地域;区域;行政区(n)________________ 15、接近(vt)____________ 16、海港(n)___________________________ 17、美丽的;宜人的(adj)___________ 18、建筑(n)__________________ 19、饿死(vi)______________ 20、停车(vt)________________________ 21、社会的(adj)__________ 22、简略的(adj)______________________ 23、积木;大楼(n)______________ 24、五层的(adj)_______________ 25、英里(n)_____________ 26、石头(n)_________________________ 27、气候(n)______________ 28、海岸(n)____________________ 29、完成(vt)______________ 30、岛屿(n)___________________ 31、现代的;近代的;新式的;当代风格的(adj)___________________ Step 2. Fast Reading Read “A lively city ”on page32 quickly and finish off the following questions. 1、What does the dialogue mainly tell us? A. Xiamen is famous for its long history.

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A. Gulangyu Island B. the shopping malls in Xiamen C. their tour round the city D. the weather in Xiamen Step3. Summary According to the text,Fill in the blanks. Xiamen is one of the most ___________cities on the______. The climate is ___________and wet in summer , but it can be quite cold in winter. Every year, many_______ come to Xiamen to spend their holidays, especially in summer. Its ______________ has put up a lot of high-rise buildings recently. And there are some great_____________. The western district is the most interesting part of the city. It’s got some really____________. Xiamen is famous for Gulangyu Island. It’s a ________island with some really interesting ____________. 探究案 Language Points 1、教材原句:Sixteen-year-old Zhang Hua lives in the south of China ,in the city of Guangzhou .16 岁的张华住在中国南方的广州市。(p31) Zhang Hua who lives in the south of China ,in the city of Guangzhou is sixteen years old. 住在中国南方的广州市的张华 16 岁。 Sixteen-year-old 在句 子中作 __________ 成 分 ; sixteen years old 在句子 中作 __________成分。 反 馈 练 习 : ① 这 座 房 子 有 两 层 高 。 This house is __________________________________. ②这是一座两层高的房子。This is a ___________________________ house . 2、教材原文 The house is two storeys high and is made of local stone .这座房子有两层,是用当 地的石头建成的。(p31) 【辨析】 be made of 由……制作(后接原材料,表示由产品能够看出制作的原料来) be made from 由……制作(后接原材料,但是由产品不能够看出制作的原料来) be made in 在……制造(接产地、厂家等) be made by 被……制作(接制造者) be made by hand 手工制作;be made by machine 机器生产 be made out of 由……改制成(接原料,表示把一件成品物件改制成另一件) be made into 被制作成……(接产品、制成品) be made up of 由……构成(接原料、成分,表示主语整体是由部分构成) 用适当的介(副)词填空 ① The chair made _____ wood looks hard,but it is comfortable to sit on. ② Paper can be made______ wood.That is to say,wood can be made into paper. ③ She has just made a nightgown( 睡衣) ___________ old silk evening dress. ④ This colour TV set is made_________ China.

⑤ Most kites are made _______ hand,not ______ machine. ⑥ A football team is made __________ 11 members. 3、教材原文:It’s been six years since we last saw each other, you know. 你知道,自从我们上次见面以来已过去六年了。(p32) 【句法分析】 It+be+时间段+since...句型意为?自从……以来已经有多长时间了? 。 主句常用现在完成时或一般现在时,从句用一般过去时。 ?It has been/is + 一段时间 + since + 一般过去时从句? 表示: 自从……以来已有多长时 间了。 It will not be long before they understand each other. 用不了多久他们就会互相了解。 It was long before+从句 过了很久才 It was not long before+从句 不多久就…… It will be long before+从句 要过……才…… It will not be long before+从句 不久就会…… 主句若是一般将来时,从句用一般现在时;若主句是一般过去时,从句也用过去时。 反馈练习: ①自从我开始研究英语语法以来,时间已过去七年了。 It is/has been seven years since I _________ to study English grammar. ②(高考陕西卷)John thinks it won’t be long _________he is ready for his new job. A.when B.after C.before D.since ③I’m sorry you’ve been waiting so long ,but it’ll still be some time ________Brian gets back. A.before B.since C.till D.after ④That was really a splendid(奇妙的)evening. It’s years ____ I enjoyed myself so much. A.when B.that C.before D.since 4、教材原句:And this is the first time I’ve visited your hometown.这是我第一次访问你的家 乡。(p32) 【句法分析】 “This /It /That is the first/second/third ?last time +that 从 句? 表?这/那是某人首次/第二次/第三次/最后一次做某事? ;当前面的系动词为 is 时, 其后的从句则要用现在完成时;当前面的系动词为 was 时,其后的从句则要用过去完 成时。 It’s the first time that...是固定句型,反意疑问句的构成需依据主句的主语和谓语而定。 反馈练习: ① 这是我第一次在考试中拿第一名。 This is __________ time that I __________(get) the first place in the exam in our class. ②(高考陕西卷)This is the first time we _____a film in the cinema together as

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a family. A.see B.had seen C.saw D.have seen ③(高考辽宁卷)It’s the first time that he has been to Australia,________? A.isn’t he B.hasn’t he C.isn’t it D.hasn’t it ④It is the second time that I ________ in Hainan. What great changes have taken place in Hainan!It is ten years since I ________ it last time. A.have been;left B.had been;left C.have gone;had left D.went;had left ⑤ It ’ s the first time that he has been to Australia , ________ ? A.isn’t he B.hasn’t he C.isn’t it D.hasn’t it 5、教材原句:But this is one of the most attractive places I‘ve been to .但这是我所到过的最有 吸引力的地方之一。(p32) 本句中 I‘ve been to 作____________成分,修饰__________. attractive adj. 有魅力的,吸引人的,引人注意的 attract v.吸引,引起(注意) attraction n.魅力;吸引人的事物(可数名词) attract one’s attention 引起某人的注意 attract sb. to+n./pron. 把某人吸引到…… be attracted to 被……吸引 have an/no/a little/much attraction for sb. 对某人具有/不具有/有一点/很有 吸引力 feel an attraction to? 感到…的吸引力 【巧学妙记】要注意一些相似词的拼写和含义: attract v.吸引——attraction n. attack v.攻击——attack n. attach v.附上——attachment n. 反馈练习: ①The city’s bright lights,theaters,films,etc. are ________. A.great attraction B.great attractions C.attracting D.very attracted 6、教材原文:I feel very fortunate living here . 住在这里我感到很幸运。(p32) fortunate adj 幸运的;吉祥的 be fortunate in doing sth 幸运地做某事(已做) be fortunate to do sth 幸运地做某事 7、教材原文:Pretty hot and wet in the summer,but it can be quite cold in the winter.夏天又热又 潮湿,但冬天可能会很冷。 (p32) 【点拨】pretty 在本句中作副词,相当于 very,意思是?很,相当? 。这句话的意思是?夏 天气候很湿热,但冬天非常冷。 ?再如: That play was pretty impressive. 【拓展】pretty 还可以作形容词,表示?漂亮的;赏心悦目的? 。如:

My sister looks so pretty in that dress. What a pretty village it is! 8、 【课文原句】There are a lot of tourists around. Don’t they bother you? 这儿到处都是游 客。难道他们不会烦扰到你们吗?(page 32) bother vt 打扰;烦扰;麻烦;费事,烦心;n.烦恼;令人烦恼的人或事 bother sb. with sth. 拿……来烦扰某人 bother sb. for sth. 为取得某物而打搅某人 bother about/with sth. 为……而烦恼;为……而费心 bother to do sth. 特地做,特意做;麻烦做某事 have no/much/little bother(in)doing... 做……不费力/很费力/几乎不费力 not bother oneself with / about sth 不为某事操心 反馈练习: ①我现在很忙,别烦我。 I’m very busy now .Don’t _______ me. ②不用麻烦去照料它了。随它去吧。 Don’t _______ to look after it. Leave it alone . 用适当的介词填空 ③ Don’t bother me________ such stupid questions. ④ The little boy bothered his father ________ the radiocontrolled pumpkin car. ⑤ As everyone in the town knew him,we had no bother ________ finding his house. 9、I believe you. 我相信。 (p32) believe sb. 相信某人说的话 believe in sb.=trust sb. 相信某人 反馈练习: ①如果我们不信任一个人,我们就不会相信他说的话。 If we don’t ____________ a person, we will not ___________ what he says. 10、This area’s so modern. This is the business district. 这里现代化程度真高。这是商业区。 (P32) district 指国家或城市内的一个行政地区或管辖地区,一个 district 比较小, 而且通常有分界线。 应用最广,一个 area 可大可小,没有固定的界限。 area 10、They’ve put up a lot of high-rise buildings recently.最近,他们建了许多高楼大厦。 (P32) put up 举起;架起;张贴;为……提供食宿;接待;供膳宿;提高(价钱) put up,set up,build 与 found (1)put up 表示?建造,搭建?时,指高于地平面的建筑物,即?搭起,竖 起,挂起?之意,同 set up。 (2)set up 还表示?建立,成立?,常与表示?组织、机构、团体?之意的词 连用,这时相当于 found,如 set up home 安家落户。 (3)build 意为?建筑,建设,建立?,是最普通的用语,常指建筑大的东西, 可接具体或抽象的名词。

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(4)found 指建立、成立机构或组织等。此意同 set up,但 found 更强调打基础。 【友情提示】 found—founded—founded(建立,成立) find—found—found(发现) 【相关链接】 put away 把……收起来,存放好;储存(钱) put back 放回原处 put forward 提出(意见、建议等),呈上 put down 放下;写下,记下;镇压 put off 推迟,拖延 put out 扑灭(火);伸出 put on 穿上;上演,上映;假装 put up with 忍受,忍耐 put one’s heart in to 全神贯注于 put an end to 使结束 put aside 储存;留出;把……放在一边暂不考虑 put down 写下,记下;镇压 ① This is the picture of the new power station ________ in my hometown. A.found B.put up C.building D.founding ② ( 高考陕西卷 )A notice was ________in order to remind the students of the changed lecture time. A.sent up B.given up C.set up D.put up 用适当的介/副词填空 ③ He puts ____________ some money for old age every month. ④ The meeting will be put __________ till next week. ⑤ He isn’t really that upset;he is just putting it __________. ⑥ I don’t know how she puts up __________ his cruelty to her. 11、Now we’re leaving the business district and approaching the harbour .现在我们就要离开商业 区,接近海港了。 (P32) approach n.& v.靠近,接近;方法,途径 at the approach of... 在……快到的时候 make an approach to... 向……提出建议(要求) approach to 接近,近似,约等于;(做某事)的方法(途径) approach sb. about /on sth. 就某事与某人接洽(商量、交涉) be approaching (to) (与……)差不多,大致相等 approach sth./sb. 靠近,接近某事/某人 an /the approach to... ……的方法/步骤 用适当的介词填空 ① The pigeons flew away ________ my approach. ② His method presents a new approach _______ foreign languages. ③ At the class meeting they discussed three different ________to the study of English. A.approaches B.means C.methods D.ways ④__________________ the problem has not been worked out. 这个问题的解决方法还没有制订出来。 12、We’re entering the western district , the most interesting part of the city .我们正进入西区,这 个城市最有趣的部分。 (P32)

本句中,the most interesting part of the city 作 the western district 的_______ 成分,对其内容特征作补充说明。 13、It’s a gorgeous island with some really interesting architecture .那是个美丽宜人的岛屿,上 面有一些有趣的建筑。 (P32) 本句中,with some really interesting architecture 为介词短语作__________成 分,修饰___________。With 表示___________________意思。 14、I’m starving . 我快饿死了。 (P32) starve vi 挨饿,饿死 starvation n 挨饿,饿死 starve to death 饿死 starve sb. into sth / doing sth 使某人挨饿以迫使其做某事

Section Ⅱ Cultural Corner
一、学习目标: 1、Through the study of the passage, have a good understanding of the text and remember some words and phrases . 2、At the end of the class, learn how to understand a whole text . 3、At the end of the class, get to know the Maglev-the fastest train in the world . 4、Through the study of several sentences,learn how to analyse sentence structure . 二、使用要求 1、理解课文,借助工具书独立完成导学案; 2、在教师规定的时间内,相互交流答案,然后积极展示你的成果; 3、书写要认真规范; 4、教师讲解时,务必用红色笔修正答案。 三、学习过程 预习案 Pre-reading(key words and phrases): 1、买得起;有能力支付(vt)__________2、死里逃生;大难不死(vi)________ 3、西方的(adj)___________4、留下;保持;留待;依然(vi)___________ 5、悲哀的;糟糕的;可悲的;令人遗憾的(adj.)________________________ 6、难看的;丑陋的;有敌意的;不祥的(adj.)__________________________ 7、在西欧__________________ 8、许多;大量_________________________ 9、 (价格、气温等)上升______________ 10、挣钱_____________________ 11、像?? 这样的,诸如??之类的__________________________________ Step 1 Fast reading Read the text quickly and then decide the following statements are true or false. Some villages are disappearing, the reasons are: 1.Young people from villages usually want to live somewhere livelier and they do not return.

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2.The soil is too poor in the countryside. 3.The natural disaster completely damaged the villages. 4.People move to the cities to find work ,as there are often very few jobs in the countryside. Step 2. Please read the text carefully and then fill in the blanks. Life has become difficult for many villages ,and some are _________.There are a _____of reasons _____this. Firstly, young people from villages usually want to live somewhere ______and they often move to the towns and not return. Secondly, people move to the cities to find _____,as there are often very few jobs in the __________.Sometimes villages ____because people from the cities _________ a “ second home ” in the village ,where they can come and stay at weekends. All these changes _____that many villages In western Europe are ______ to survive. We can only hope they will remain .The countryside would be a sadder and uglier place ______them.

时谓语动词用复数。number 前可用 large, great, huge, good, small 等词来修饰。 注意:the number of 的意思是?……的数量? ,后接可数名词复数,作主语时谓语动词 要用单数。 【知识整合】 (1) a good/great many a large/great/good number of + 可数名词复数(作主语时,谓语动词用复 数) a good few/quite a few (2)many a/an + 单数可数名词(作主语时,谓语动词用单数) (3) a great/good deal of a great/large amount of +不可数名词(作主语时,谓语动词用单数) quite a little (4) ① a lot of=lots of ② plenty of + 可数名词复数或不可数名词(作主语时谓语动词 ③a large/great quantity of 形式根据名词确定;③项谓动用单数;④项谓动用 复数)

Step 3 Language points 1、教材原文:In some countries in western Europe ,such as France ,Spain and Britain ,the countryside is changing .在西欧的一些国家里, 如法国、 西班牙和英国, 农村正在变化。 (P39) such as —— 用以列举事例(两个以上) ,像…… 这样的,诸如……之类的, for example (e. g)—— 例如(多为一个例子) ,多用作插入语 【拓展】for example =for instance take?for example set an example to sb. 巩固练习: ①Wood can be made into many things ___________ desks, chairs and beds. ②A robot is very useful , _________________ , it can be used in an operation. 2、 【课文原句】There are a number of reasons for this. (导致)这种现象的原因有很多。(Page 39) a number of —— 很多,大量(接名词复数) the number of —— ……的数量(接名词复数) ▲a number of … 作主语,谓语动词用复数,而 the number of … 作主语时,谓语动词则用单 数。 【点拨】a number of 在这句话中的意思是?许多,大量? ,后跟可数名词复数;作主语 以…为例 给某人树立榜样

④large quantities of 巩固练习: ① There a number of students in our school, the number of the girls larger than that of boys. A. are; are B. is; are C. are; is D. is; is ② 我们班男生的数目是 30。 The number of the boys in our class _________ 30. ③ 我每天都会收到大量的电邮。 I receive ______________________ e-mails every day. ④(高考山东卷)The number of foreign students attending Chinese universities ________ rising steadily since 1997. A.is B.are C.has been D.have been ⑤(高考江西卷)Last year the number of students who graduated with a driving licence reached 200,000,a(n)____________of 40,000 per year. A.average B.number C.amount D.quantity ⑥ ________ work has been done to improve people ’s living standard. A.Many B.A great many C.A large number of D.A great amount of 3、Sometimes villages remain because people from the cities have bought a

follow the example of sb. 以某人为学习榜样

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“ second home”in the village ?有时,一些村庄延续下来是因为有些城市人在村 子里买下?第二个家?…(P39) remain vi. ①剩下,余留 ②继续存在 ③(人)留下,逗留 ④保持,仍是 后面可以接名词、形容词、to be done 或介词短语。 ① Much work remains to be done. ② The old temple remains after the war. ③ We should remain modest(谦虚的;谦逊的). ④ She remained unchanged after so many years. 【拓展】remains n. 剩余之物,残存者 remainder n. 剩余物;剩下的人;余数 4、 【课文原句】 The price of homes goes up and people from the area cannot afford to buy a house there. 房价上涨,当地人买不起房子。 (P39) 1)price n. 价格(注意描写时用 high 或 low) 2) go up vi. ①(价格、气温等)上升;增长(反义:go down) ; ②破产 3)afford vt. 负担得起,买得起,有能力支付;(有时间)做;承担得起(后果);提供, 给予(常与 can,could 或 be able to 连用,后接名词、代词或不定式) 【归纳总结】 afford to do sth. 负担得起干……(费用) Sb.sth. afford 给予某人某物 Sth.to sb. afford sth 买得起某物 巩固练习: ① With the price of houses ( 上 升 ) many people (买不起) an apartment of their own. ② If we could________three weeks, we’d like to go abroad for our holidays. A.afford B.take C.cost D.spend ③完成句子 We ____________________such a price. 我们支付不起这个价。 5.【课文原句】All these things mean that many villages in western Europe are fighting to survive. 所 有这些意味着西欧的很多乡村在战斗着生存。 (P39) survive vt. vi. 经历(灾难等)后还活着;在……中幸存,生还下来;比……长寿 survive sth. 在……之后仍然生存,从……中逃生 survive sb.(by...) 比……活得长(几年) survive on sth. 靠……存活下来 survive from sth. 从……存活下来;流传下来 survivor n.生还者 survival n.[U]存活,幸存 n.[C]残存物;幸存事物 【巧学助记】The old man survived the earthquake, but nobody knew how he survived. Finally,he survived his wife by 10 years.这位老人在地震中幸免于难,但是没有人知道他是如何幸存

的。最后,他比他的妻子多活了 10 年。 巩固练习:①很少人在那次剧院大火中生还。 Few people ________ the big fire in the theater. ② Life was hard at the moment,but we were ________. A.surviving B.survived C.to survive D.survival ③ Little Tom was the only one of his family to ________that big earthquake. A.remain B.leave C.live D.survive ④人们担心那些难民可能熬不过冬天。 There are concerns that the refugees may not ______________________.

Section Ⅲ Listening & writing & Everyday English & Function and speaking & Task
一、学习目标 1.通过阅读教材,掌握考纲要求的单词、短语; 2.通过做 37 页练习题,弄明白 and 和 but 的用法; 3.通过做 38 页练习题,记住日常用语的意思。 二、使用要求 1、借助工具书独立完成导学案; 2、在教师规定的时间内,相互交流答案,然后积极展示你的成果; 3、书写要认真规范; 4、教师讲解时,务必用红色笔修正答案。 三、学习过程

Key words: 1、交通(n)_____________ 2、委员会(n)__________________ 3、组织(n)_____________ 4、失业的;没有工作的(adj)______________ 5、家属;家人(n)______________ 6、职业(n)_____________________ 7、专业的(adj)_______________ 8、用手的;手的(adj)_______________ 9、就业;工作;职业(n)_______ 10、美术馆;画廊(n)_______ 11、交换(vt)_______ 12、迷人的;吸引人的(adj)__________ 13、联络;联系(某人) (vt)________ 14、组织(vt)______________ 15、加入(vt)____________ 16、俱乐部(n)__________17、信息(n)________ 18、人口(n)_________ 19、工人(n)________ 20、成年人(n)____________ 21、优秀的;极好的(adj)_____________ 22、博物馆(n)_____________ 23、剧院(n)_______________ 24、溪流(n)__________________________


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Language Points: 1、词语辨析,在横线上填写适当的单词。 household home house family ______________是抽象的?家庭? ,并含有家事、家务之义。 ______________?家? ,强调的是?窝?的概念,带有感情色彩。 ______________?房屋? ,单指建筑物,可以买卖。 ______________着眼点在家庭成员。 2、词语辨析,在横线上填写适当的单词。 employment occupation _______________指受雇于他人而拿薪水的职业。 _______________指一般意义上的职业,任何职业都可以称作 occupation. 3、(回归课本 P37)There are museums, cinemas,theatres,art galleries,parks, coffee bars,clubs and many other places where people can meet and exchange ideas. 人们可以在博物馆、电影院、剧院、 美术馆、公园、咖啡馆、俱乐部以及许多其他的地方见面并交流思想。 exchange vt.& vi.& n. 交换,交流,兑换 exchange A for B 以 A 换 B exchange sth. with sb. 同某人交换某物 in exchange for 交替;调换 make an exchange 交换 exchange words 争吵,吵架 词语辨析,在横线上填写适当的单词。 change, exchange _____________ 通常指一个人或一件东西的本质、 状态、 外表或形状等方面的根本 ?改 变? 。另外 change 表示?换去? ,不是?换来? ,如自行车旧了,换辆新的,不能说 change a new bike,要说 change the old bike。 _____________ 表示两人或双方相互交换,交换的对象可以是具体的人或事物,也可 以是抽象的行为动作,表示行为动作的名词通常是复数形式,有时也可用单数形式。 巩固练习 ① He _______his old car for a new model as soon as he had won the money. A.exchanged B.replaced C.translated D.removed replace 替换,后面的介词要用 with; translate 翻译成; remove 除掉。 4. (回归课本 P37)I love cities, but there are times when I need to get out into the countryside and get away from the noise, the dirt and the people. 我喜欢城市, 但是有时我需要到乡下, 远离噪音, 尘埃和人群。 get away from 离开,离去;摆脱 ;逃脱 get away with 带某人/某物逃跑; (做了坏事却)逍遥法外 run away 逃离,突然从……处跑开 be away from 离开(持续性动词短语) take away from 从……处带走,夺走 keep away from 保持距离,不接近 break away from 脱离,摆脱,挣脱 get over 从(病或损失等)中恢复过来

get down to (doing)sth. 着手做某事 反馈练习: ① 只要住在这个城市,你就无法避免交通阻塞。 So long as you live in this city, you can ___________________ the traffic jam. ② His mother had thought it would be good for his character to ________ from home and earn some money on his own. A.run away B.take away C.keep away D.get away ③ The meeting lasted as long as three hours and I couldn’t ________it until 10 p.m.. A.get away from B.get away with C.run away with D.do away with get away from?摆脱开? ;get away with?做错事却未受惩罚? ;run away with?失去控制, 使按捺不住? ; do away with 表示?废除? 。 5、(回归课本 P40)Contact your neighbourhood committee. 联系一下你所在的居委会。 contact n. 接触,联系;交往,熟人关系 vt.& vi. 联络,联系(某人) have / make contact with sb. (想办法)联络,联系(人) get into/in contact with sb. lose contact with sb. 与……失去联系 be in /out of contact with sb. 与……有(没有)联系 stay / keep in contact with sb. 与……保持联系 ①The journalist had ______in Paris and he managed to get into _____with her. A.contact;contact B.a contact;a contact C.contact;a contact D.a contact;contact ②完成句子 你最近和他有联系吗? Have you been _______________him recently?

一、请根据汉语提示完成句子。 1.学生们都想从很重的课业负担中摆脱出来。 All the students want to ______ _______ _______ the too heavy burden of homework. 2. 他们打算在此建造二十栋新的房子。 They’re going to ______ ______ 20 new houses here. 3.今年蔬菜的价格一直在上升。 Prices of vegetables _____ ______ _____ this year. 4.有很多新工厂在这个地区已经建立 起来了。 _____ _____ _____ factories have been built up in the area. 5.到现在我终于理解了老师所为我做的一切。 I have understood what the teacher did for me , _____ _____.

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Section ⅣGrammar
一、学习目标: 通过观察例句和实战演练,掌握现在完成时的构成、用法及时间状语和特殊句型。 二、使用要求 1、理解课文,借助工具书独立完成导学案; 2、在教师规定的时间内,相互交流答案,然后积极展示你的成果; 3、书写要认真规范; 4、教师讲解时,务必用红色笔修正答案。 三、学习过程 Step 1 观察例句,背诵现在完成时的结构、用法、过去分词的构成规则及时间状语。 1、He has already got her help. 他已得到她的帮助。 2、He has just seen the film. 他刚刚看过这场电影。 3、He hasn't come back yet. 他还没有回来。 4、This is the best film I have ever seen. 这是我曾经看过的最好的一部电影。 5、He has never been to Beijing. 他从没有到过北京。 6、He says he has been to the USA three times. 他说他已经去过美国三次了。 7、He has got to Beijing so far. 到目前为止他已到了北京。 8、She has passed the exam so far. 到目前为止她已经通过了考试。 一.基本结构:助动词 have/has+过去分词(done) 二.常见的时间状语 1.与表示一段时间的状语连用,如"for+时间段","since+时间点",since+时段+ago, since+从句(过去时) 。 2.与笼统地表示过去的时间状语连用,如 already, never, ever, just 等。 3.与表示包含过去和现在的一整段时间的状语连用, 如 lately, recently, in the past few years, these few years, these days, up to now, so far,till now 等。 注意: 现在完成时不能与单纯表示过去的时间状语连用, 如 yesterday, last week, in 2002, three days ago 等 三.现在完成时的用法 1、表示到现在为止已发生或完成的动作,其结果的影响现在依然存在。有时与 just, already, yet, recently, before, twice, three times 等时间状语连用, 2、表示从过去某一时刻开始一直持续到现在的动作或状态。常与“since+时间点”, “for+时间段”,及 how long, (ever) since, ever, before, so far, in the last /past few years, up to now, till now 等时间状语连用。 注意:非延续性动词 leave, arrive, come, go, return, join, die, buy, borrow 等的完成时,在肯定 句中不能与 for 或 since 等引导的时间段连用。 但其在否定式是可与这类时间状语连用 的。如:I havent met him for two years. 我两年没有遇见他了。 3、用于?This/That/It is the first(second…) time that +现在完成时从句?句型中。

4、用于?This/That/It is +the+形容词最高级+名词+that+现在完成时从句?句型中。 四.一般过去时与现在完成时的区别 1、一般过去时表示过去某时发生的动作或情况,常与过去时间状语连用。而现在完成 时表示从过去开始持续到现在的动作或情况,常与一段时间连用。 2、一般过去时表示过去某时发生的动作或情况,与现在没有什么联系;而现在完成时 表示过去发生的动作对现在造成的影响或结果, 常与 already, ever, never, yet, just 等词连 用。 3、一般过去时、现在完成时都可以与一段时间连用。其区别是:过去时与一段时间连 用表示动作没有持续到现在; 而现在完成时与一段时间连用表示动作持续到现在。 五、不规则动词: AAA 型 原型 过去式 过去分词 hurt hurt hurt let let let AAB 型 beat beat beaten ABA 型 become became become run ran run ABB 型 bring brought brought buy bought bought ABC 型 begin began begun blow blew blown 瞬间动词(buy, die, join, come,go ,leave, join ……)不能直接与 for since 连用。要改变动词 buy----have borrow -----keep die----be dead come/arrive/reach/get to-----be in go out----be out leave ----be away begin-----be on finish----be over open----be open close -----be closed 六、has gone (to),has been (to), has been (in) 的区别 have/has gone(to) 去了(现在不在说话现场) have/has been (to) 去过(已不在去过的地方) have/has been in 呆了多久(还在所呆的地方)

单词拼写 1.Fill in the form and write down your name,address and o________. 2.He was u________ for two months after leaving that factory. 3.How many ________(专业的)teachers are there in your town? 4.“How much is the r________ for this house?” the boy asked the owner. 5.David managed to escape,but the others were not so f________. 6.We bought a t________ handbook before going travelling. 7.The Forbidden City is one of the world’s greatest works of _______(建筑). 8.Each living ________(区域)in this city is fenced round with trees. 9.The boats in the ________(海港)were safe during the storm. 10.She’s very nice but I don’t really find her ________(有吸引力的)

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