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七年级英语上册


Unit Six
Words
喜欢 香蕉 汉堡包 西红柿 like banana hamburger tomato 梨 食物 鸡蛋 苹果 pear food egg apple 吃 跑 星星 健康的 eat run star healthy

花椰菜
炸薯条 橙子

broccoli
French f

ries orange

胡萝卜 carrot
鸡肉 早餐 chicken breakfast

甜食
清单 家具 人 空白 谈话

dessert
list furniture people blank conversation


奶油 冰激凌 沙拉 草莓

ice
cream ice cream salad strawberry

午餐
晚餐 水果 蔬菜

lunch
dinner fruit vegetable

另外的人 other 也 also

奔跑者 runner

Grammar
1. ________ you like salad? A. Are B. Am C. Does D. Do
D 【解析】like是实义动词,构成疑问句要用do的相应形式, 排除A、B;又因为you是第二人称,故选D。

2. I

like French fries. A. don’t B. doesn’t C. isn’t

D. am not

A 【解析】I 是主语,排除B、C;又因like是实义动词,所以用 don’t,故选A。

3. Does he A. have

six red pencils? B. has C. had

D. haves.

A 【解析】does已经构成时态,故之后的动词用原形,故选A。

4. –-Does your friend like ice cream? ---_________. A. Yes, she likes. B. No, she does. C. Yes, she doesn’t D. No, she doesn’t.
D 【解析】对于上述问句的回答有两种,肯定回答是Yes, she does.否定回答是No, she doesn’t.故选D。

5. What _____ _ Tom like _______ for breakfast? A. does; eat B. do; eat C. does; to eat D. do; to eat
C 【解析】Tom是第三人称单数,用助动词does;like是实义动词, 后跟动词不定式。故选C。

重点语法1:助动词do的用法

助动词do讲解
助动词do的原形为do,否定式为don not,缩略为don’t;第三人称 单数为does,否定为does not,缩略为doesn’t。 具体用法:do用来构成否定句和疑问句,其中,does用于第三人称 单数,其余人称都用do。

举例:He doesn’t like apples.
Does he like apples? Yes, he does. /No, he doesn’t. I don’t like red. You don’t look well. We like Sundays. They like apples. Do you like apples? Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. Do they like apples? Yes, they do. / No, they don’t.

6. I have a cat. It likes fish. It eats _______ every day. A. a lot B. many C. lots of D. very much
A【解析】fish是不可数名词,四个选项中,a lot可以代指 不可数名词,故选A。BC后跟可数名词复数;D修饰副词。

7. There are many in the basket. A. fish B. eggs C. ice cream

D. ices

B【解析】many后跟可数名词复数,只有B符合要求。

8. I am thirsty. I want to drink some . A. eggs B. oranges C. orange

D. chocolate

C【解析】根据第一句“我渴了”可知后面说的应是“想喝 一些……”,只有C“橘汁”符合题意。

9. Oranges are a kind of ________. A. vegetables B. vegetable C. fruits

D. fruit

A【解析】根据常识,橘子是一种水果,排除AB;of后跟名 词复数,故选C。

10. There are in that room. A. three bag of rices B. three bags of rice C. three bags of rices D. three bag of rice
C【解析】rice“大米”是不可数名词,排除BD;three后要 跟名词复数,故选C,表示“三袋大米”。

重点语法2:名词的数

名词的数讲解
名词按其所表示的事物的性质分为可数名词和不可数名词。 可数名词有复数形式,如:an apple,two apples,bag,some bags。 不可数名词只有单数形式,如:broccoli。 一些词即可当可数名词,又可当不可数名词,但词义不同,如: chicken(鸡肉,不可数),chickens(小鸡,可数)。

请同学们自己探究下一个问题:

名词复数的变化规则

句型转换
1. I have a soccer ball. (改为一般疑问句) Do you have a soccer ball?

2. Does your father have a computer?(作否定回答)
No, he doesn’t.

3. Does she have a tennis ball? (作肯定回答)
Yes, she does.

句型转换
4. They like broccoli. (改为否定句) They don’t like broccoli.

5. Do you have a red pencil? (作否定回答) No, I don’t.

连词成句
1. you, do, basket, have, ball, a Do you have a basket ball? 2. brother, her, does, have, tennis, a, racket Does her brother have a tennis racket?

3. don’t, they, have, football, a
They don’t have a football.

连词成句
4. often, rice, lunch, for, she, has She often has rice for lunch. 5. not, for, he, like, breakfast, does, eggs He does not like eggs for breakfast.

6. bike, a, green, have, I
I have a green bike.

阅读理解
Jerry is a lovely boy. He is 8. He loves football very much. He has a new football. For breakfast, he has an egg and a bottle of milk. For lunch, he has two bowels of rice. And he has an apple after lunch. And for dinner, he has porridge and bread.
判断下列说法的正(T)误(F)。

1. Jerry is an 8-year-old girl. ( ) 2. Jerry likes football. ( ) 3. Jerry has two eggs for breakfast. ( ) 4. Jerry has an apple before lunch. ( ) ( ) 5. Porridge and bread is Jerry’s dinner food.
Answers:F T F F T

写作练习

Breakfast Mary Milk bread

Lunch Rice Pears

Dinner Porridge

Tom

An egg Milk

Noodles

Tomatoes

根据表格内容写一篇短文,介绍两人的饮食习惯。

范文一

Mary has milk and bread for breakfast. For lunch, she has rice and pears. And she has porridge for dinner. As for Tom, he has an egg and milk for breakfast. He has noodles for lunch. And for lunch, he has tomatoes.

范文二

For breakfast, Mary has milk and bread, and Tom has an egg and milk. For lunch, Mary has rice and pears, and Tom has noodles. And for dinner, Mary has porridge and Tom has tomatoes.


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