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重点语言点unit1


.重点语言点 1. problem n. question n. They are doing some math problems/exercises. May I ask you a question ? 2)advice(不可数)n. 建议,忠告,劝告 give sb some/much/a lot of/lots of advice a piece of advice 一

条建议 2.表示身体(body)部位的名词:hair 头发 head 头, face 脸, eye 眼睛, nose 鼻子, ear 耳朵, mouth 嘴, tooth(teeth)牙齿, neck 脖子, throat 喉咙, heart 心脏,leg 腿,foot(feet)足,脚,knee 膝盖,stomach 胃部, 腹部, 肚子, back 背部, 后背, shoulder 肩膀, arm 胳膊,手臂,finger 手指。 3. 在英语中,表达“疼痛或不舒服”时的常用结构: (1)主语+have/has+a 病症 have a cold/fever sore 是一个 (2) 主语 +have/has+a+sore+ 发病部位 back, sore throat,sore neck, sore leg (3)主语+have/has+a+部位-ache -ache 作后缀,常与表示身体部位的名词合成一个 新词,表身体某部位疼痛,如 :toothache, headache,

独立的形容词, 指的是身体某一部位的酸痛。 如: sore

stomachache. (4)have/has a pain in/on the +身体部位 pain in the arm/back/head. 部分用 in, in 代表身体的一部分或身体里) (5)(There is)something wrong with +one’s+部位 某人某部位不舒服/出了毛病。 (6)身体部位 +hurt 表示“某部位疼”如: My leg hurts.我腿疼。 4.too much 太多 可修饰不可数名词 I always worried too much. much water every day. much too 太 修饰形容词和副词 dear/fast too many 太多 修饰可数名词复数 You have already tried too many times. 5.enough adj/adv 做够(的) ,充分(的) 1.)have enough+n.+to do sth 有足够的...去做... 2.) adj./adv.enough to do sth= so + adj./adv.+ that 从句 足够..去做某事 can join the army. 如此...以至于... He is old enough to join the army.=He is so old that he much too He drinks too I have a 我胳膊/后背/头疼。 (大

3.)not adj./adv.enough to do sth=too adj./adv.to do sth 不够...去做某事 too young to carry the big stone. 6. 介词 with 的用法 1)用,使用工具或手段 He is writing with a pen. 他 用钢笔写字。 2)和,表陪伴 我一起回家吗? 3) 随着, 与...什么同时 The shadow moves with the sun. 影子随着太阳而动。 4)表本身拥有 sister. 那个大眼睛的女孩是我的妹妹。 7.lie V. (1)躺,位于 lay lain lying The girl lying on the road is my teacher. All the motels lie beside the road.所有的汽车旅馆 都位于公路两边. (2) 说谎 lied lied lying 谎言 n. tell a lie 说谎=tell lies The girl with two big eyes is my Will you go home with me? 你和 太...而不能... He isn’t old enough to carry the big stone.=He is

A half truth is often no better than a lie.

半真半假的话不见得比说谎要好。 He lied that his school lay in the north of the city. 他撒谎说他的学校位于城市的北面。 8.see sb. do sth. 看见某人干某事 I see Mary pick up the wallet.(钱包)强调动作已经 完成,看到了全过程 see sb. doing sth.看见某人正在干某事 I saw her dancing in the street.强调动作正在进行 When I walked past the park,I saw some old people------Chinese Taiji. see/watch/notice/hear 几个动词也具有上述两种用法。 9.except 希望,期待 1)except+to do sth She excepts to go to school tomorrow. 她期望明天 去上学。 2)except+sb. to do sth He excepts her to go with him. 他期望她和他一起 去。 3)except+名词/代词 I’m excepting a letter from her. 我正在等她的信。 4)+that 从句 I except that he’ll come back tomorrow. 我希望他明

天回来。 10.agree agree to do sth 同意做某事 buy me a gift. agree with sb.同意某人的(意见) you. agree on sth 同意某事 question. 11.trouble 事有麻烦 get into trouble 陷入困境 2)v.使麻烦、使烦恼 Never trouble trouble till trouble troubles you. 麻 烦不找你,就别自找麻烦。 12.fall v 跌倒、跌落 fall down 跌倒 fall into 跌入...里 13.run it under the water 用水冲洗(伤口) 14.1)be interested in 对?..感兴趣 语为人) I am interested in English. (做表语,主 fell fallen fall off 从...上掉下来 1)n.麻烦 have trouble(in)doing 做某 We agree on the I agree with My mother agree to

We would be interested to hear your views. 我 们很想听听你的看法。 2)interesting 于和表语) an interesting thing 感到吃惊 15.run out 被动 My money has run out. run out of 用尽 耗尽 主语为人 I have run out of money. 16.过去分词作定语 the dog called Beibei is mine. He is a teacher loved by his students. 17.mean v.意思是... 意味着... ...意味着... 意味着做某事 What do you mean?你的意思是什么? mean that 从句 mean to do mean doing sth meaning 意思(n.) What’s the meaning of?? ?的意思是什么? 打算干某事 用光, 用尽 主语常为 时间食物金钱, 无 It is interesting. surprise sb 使某人 3)surprise v.使吃惊,使惊讶 adj.有趣的 (主语为物,做定

What’s your meaning? 你的意思是什么? 18.sound 语 The song sounds beautiful.这首歌听起来优美。 you sound like a normal person. 你听起来像是个 正常的人。 19.away from 远离 As long as you can keep away from him,you’re safe.只要你远离他,你就安全了。 20.in the same way way. 21.without 无,没有,不 You can’t buy things without money. He left just now without saying any words. 22.fall down 用 The boy fall down from the tree. 23.run out 用光,用尽。 主语常为时间食物金钱, 无被动语态。 My money has run out. 做“跌落,掉下来”时, 常与 from 连 以相同的方式 She worked out the math problem in the same 听起来,可做系动词,后接形容词作表语 后接名词或名词短语作表 sound like 听起来像

run out of

用尽 耗尽。 主语为人。 my own eyes

I have run out of money. 24.own 1)adj.自己的 2).v.拥有 owner 主人,物主 I want to talk to the owner of the house,and do you know who owns it? 25.be ready to do sth. 准备好干某事 He is always ready to help others. 26.When +climbing =when he was climbing I saw him playing football when(I was) passing by the playground. 27.Knife ----knives , 规则: f/fe—ves,类似的词有: Wife knife wolf shelf thief leaf 妻子拿刀去 砍狼 ,架后小偷用叶挡。 28.so that 以便,为了 =in order to=in order that 表 示目的,引导目的状语从句。 I ran fast so that I could catch up with him.=I ran fast in order to catch up with him=I run fast in order that I could catch up with him. so adj./adv. that 如此...以至于... 表示结果, 引导结果 状语从句。 He ran so fast that I couldn’t catch up with him. such (a/an) +adj.+n. that 如此...以至于...表示结果, 引

导结果状语从句。 He is such a clever boy that everyone likes him. These are such difficult questions that no one can answer them. We had such terrible weather that we had nothing to do. 29.give up 放弃 give up sth give up doing sth 事) We must keep on working hard in the coming year. keep doing 继续做某事(动作的持续状态) He kept standing out. 31.Should 情态动词 应该 无人称与数的变化 肯:主语+should +动原+其他。 否:主语+should +not+动原+其他。 疑:should +主语+动原+其他? 其他表示建议的句型: 1)shall we/I+动原?? 2)Let’s +动原?? give up the plan /give it up give up smoking 戒烟

30.keep on doing 继续坚持做某事(今后或将来做某

3)How about /what about+doing? 4)You’d better (not)do? 5)Why don’t you do sth?


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